Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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150 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF VERMISOL COMPLEX WATER-SOLUBLE FERTILIZER AND STRAW MULCHING OF ROW-SPACINGS FOR SOIL MOISTURE IN SWEET CORN GROWING MANAGEMENT

abstract 1061502073 issue 106 pp. 1109 – 1120 28.02.2015 ru 762
The article reveals issues concerning the experiments on application of complex water-soluble fertilizer and straw mulching of row-spacing in sweet corn hybrid named Krasnodarskiy 280 CV growing management and the yield of milky ripeness. We have discovered that straw mulching in combination with complex water-soluble fertilizer named Vermisol used in 5-6 leaves, reduced evaporation and tended to moisture accumulation in soil what increased yield of ears for 0,6-1,7 t/ha. The lowest water-absorbing capacity in root-inhabited layer of soil (0-0,6 m) were 28,5 % from dry weight of soil in years of experiment. Registration of sum of precipitations in critical for corn period (in third decade of June and first decade of July) was in tolerable level. The best conditions of precipitation were in 2013, when in June and July the sum was 143 mm, and humidity of the air was in optimum level – 70 %. The temperature of the soil in 0-0,1 m layer in the day of mulching was the same as in the layer 0-0,05 m, tin increase for 5 0C in variants without mulching. The lower amplitude of temperature of the soil in vegetation period since the phase of 10-11 leaves had good influence for yield of milk maturity ears
137 kb

THE INTRODUCTION OF ELEMENTS OF BIOLOGIZATION IN THE CULTIVATION OF CORN IN THE CENTRAL BLACK EARTH REGION

abstract 1231609110 issue 123 pp. 1618 – 1629 30.11.2016 ru 365
The article presents the results of a study to determine changes in indicators of fertility in typical chernozem of the Belgorod region and the productivity of corn using different agricultural technologies, including with elements of biologization
261 kb

THE INTRODUCTION OF ELEMENTS OF BIOLOGIZATION IN THE CULTIVATION OF WINTER WHEAT IN THE CENTRAL CHERNOZEM EARTH REGION

abstract 1121508032 issue 112 pp. 420 – 436 30.10.2015 ru 916
The article presents the results of the study to determine changes in indicators of fertility in typical Chernozem of the Belgorod region and the productivity of winter wheat using different agricultural technologies, including elements of biologization
184 kb

THE ISSUES OF SYMMETRY AND PHYLLOTAXIS IN ADDITION TO IMPROVEMENT OF THE WORKING OF LAND FOR THE AGRICULTURAL PLANTS’ CULTIVATION

abstract 0601006017 issue 60 pp. 207 – 217 29.06.2010 ru 2358
The article deals with the questions of influence and co-operation of such fundamental concepts as symmetry and asymmetry, phyllotaxis, gold ratio in addition to creation of cultivation movable objects. The untapped reserves of these concepts in addition to agricultural technical equipment and new technology’s creation are contemplated
132 kb

THE LEGACY OF THE CREATORS OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

abstract 1051501016 issue 105 pp. 315 – 324 30.01.2015 ru 922
The article shows the role of famous scientists, academician Ivan T. Trubilin and professor Viktor V. Eroshkin in the organization of agricultural science in our region who have shown outstanding leaders of the largest agricultural University in the country, managed to organize and direct the work of a large group on the improvement of quality of preparation of specialists of agriculture, the solution of urgent scientific problems of the agroindustrial complex development. Under the leadership of the rector Ivan Trubilin, the science in the Kuban State Agrarian University (KubSAU ) has risen to a new level. The research was conducted on the plan of scientific-research work of University, Federal and regional scientific and technical programs. In their implementation, there were involved professors, teachers, researchers, doctoral students, post-graduate students. His scientific works and research on the development of scientific problems to improve economic efficiency and organizational forms of agricultural production are being continued and developed by the scientists of KubSAU. For many years, V. Eroshkin as a brilliant scientist worked together with academician I. Trubilin like his companion and the assistant in science. He has published more than 100 scientific works. The most important ones were: "Economic efficiency of oilseeds cultivation ", "Oilseeds in virgin areas", "Сalculation of crops acreage on the bases of perspective plan for the development of collective farms", "Principles of labor scientific organization", "Intensive tractors use and lowering work technical cost in collective farms". Under his leadership, dozens of dissertations were approved. His lectures were always marked with originality and accessibility and his ideas were easily perceived by students. All who knew and worked together with academician I. Trubilin and professor V. Eroshkin, will always remain these dedicated scientists, who were strictly following the principles of academic science
194 kb

THE MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF ECOLOGICAL SITUATION ON THE RICE IRRIGATION SYSTEM

abstract 0440810003 issue 44 pp. 48 – 64 25.12.2008 ru 3195
Solving of problems of the influence of irrigation on ecological situation and creation of optimum land-reclamation conditions are impassible without using of the mathematical modeling methods. The work provides the idea of solving of the land-reclamations problems with the using of systematic-cognitive analysis.
175 kb

THE MECHANISMS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CORN HYBRIDS DEPENDING ON THE TERMS OF PLANTING AND TMTD-PLUS DISINFECTANT IN THE ZONE OF SUFFICIENT MOISTURE OF CENTRAL CISCAUCASIA

abstract 1131509109 issue 113 pp. 1556 – 1572 30.11.2015 ru 734
There was given a review of the results of the study in the conditions of sufficient moisture of Central Ciscaucasia, the influence of planting terms and presowing seed treatment by the drug called "TMTDplus", containing Krezatsin growth stimulator in its composition, on the development of corn hybrids of different maturity groups of the selection of Krasnodar Research Institute of Agriculture named after P.P. Lukyanenko (Ross 199, Ross 299, Krasnodar 382 and Krasnodar 410) and the All-Russian Research Institute of Corn (Mashuk 170, Newton, RIC 345 and Eric), as well as middle- maturity population Rossiyskaya 1. The studies were conducted in accordance with the thematic plan of scientific researches of the chair of crop and forage production of the Stavropol State Agrarian University. The soil surface of the experimental station of StavrGAU was presented as leached black soil. The technology of growing of maize on the experimental plot corresponds to the standard one for the present area and cultivar. The predecessor is winter wheat. Sowing was performed in three terms. The first (early) sowing term was carried out at t = + 7 ... +8 ° C. The second (recommended) - when t = + 10 ... + 12 ° C. The third (later) sowing time was carried out at t = +15 ° C. The plant density: early-maturing hybrids – 70 thousand pieces/ha, is mid-maturing ones – 60 thousand pieces/ha, middleripe – 50 thousand piece/ha, middle-later ones – 45 thousand pieces/ha. The scheme is single-row, with spacing of 70 cm. The application of the studied drug TMTD-plus helped to reduce the growing season of maize plants for one - four days. Thus, changing the sowing terms of maize hybrids and populations, we can largely control the development of plants changing the length of the growing season to two weeks and form a harvesting conveyor, thereby reducing the intensity of field work
214 kb

THE METHOD OF THE DRYING GRAIN INTENSIFICATION WITH ACTIVE VENTILATION USING MICROWAVERECYCLING

abstract 1261702051 issue 126 pp. 723 – 734 28.02.2017 ru 618
The need of improving the grain drying technology is due to a significant volume of this operation, high specific energy and high standards to preserve quality of grain. In this regard, the development of new technologies and equipment aimed at reducing the cost of fuel and electricity, providing the preservation of grain quality has essential meaning to reduce the drying cost. Usually, the electrophysical effects on the dehydrated material not only contribute to the thickness reduction or destruction of the boundary layers and increase the surface of phase contact, i.e. they cause the combined effects of the intensification of the drying process that is economically favorable and they say for a broader practical use of electrotechnologies. Method of grain drying using microwave recycling in installations of active aeration bunker type allows increasing productivity compared with standard technology for up to 30% and reducing process energy consumption by 17%
118 kb

THE NEW TECHNOLOGY ELEMENTS OF SUNFLOWER CULTIVATION IN THE BLACK SOILS ZONE OF VOLGOGRAD REGION

abstract 0831209002 issue 83 pp. 11 – 20 30.11.2012 ru 1698
The results of sunflower cultivation comparative analysis in the traditional system and direct seeding are given in the article
596 kb

THE NEWEST WINE WHITE-BERRY FRUITFUL HIGH-GRADE PONTOS GRAPE

abstract 0671103025 issue 67 pp. 354 – 372 30.03.2011 ru 2541
The newest wine white-berry fruitful high-grade breed of grape - Pontos is bred in Greece P.Zamanidi and L.Troshin in 2003 by mating of the Greek breed of Sideritis with a breed of Sovignon. Duration of productivity phase is 156-165 days. A breed is tall. A degree of vines ripening is very high. Productivity is very high, 15-16 t/hectares and more. The medial mass of racemations is 390 gr. Differs with high winter-hardiness, drought resistance and raised sustainability to fungous diseases in comparison with breeds Vitis vinifera. A flower is bisexual. Racemations are big, pencil-point, with medial denseness. Baccas are average, circular, greenish-yellow color, with a dense wax coating. A peel is tight. Pulp and juice with the expressed high quality flavor. Sugar content is high. It dries when over-ripening and stays on bushes. Under morpho-physiological characteristics, it is included in ecological-geographical bunch of breeds of basin of Black sea. The breed is designed for production of dry white wines of the excellent class, and also high-grade sparkling wines; it is applicable for production of high-grade juice and compotes as well
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