Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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241 kb

THE RESEARCH OF VITIS SILVESTRIS GMEL. IN THE NOTHERN CAUCASUS

abstract 0581004021 issue 58 pp. 324 – 335 28.04.2010 ru 2456
Vitis vinifera subsp. silvestris Gmel. is the wild subspecies of Vitis vinifera L. and an important source of genetic resources for grapes breeding. Currently, this form is very rare in the world. In this paper, conducted the first study of wild grapes which was found in the North Caucasus with the use of two microsatellite markers. The study have shown a high level of genetic diversity: intrapopulation variability was 75,2%, the interpopulation variability accounts was 24,8%. All populations are characterized by certain unique genetic structure and may be as donor of resistance genes which have a long-term evolutionary selection
1952 kb

THE RESULTS OF CLONE SELECTION IN PEACH ASSORTMENT RENEWAL

abstract 0631009010 issue 63 pp. 145 – 154 27.11.2010 ru 2087
As a result of the research conducted there have been brought forward new sorts clones having advantages over the original sorts
308 kb

THE RESULTS OF FORTY-YEAR-OLD VARIETY-TRIAL OF HYBRIDOUS POPLARS ON THE SANDY SOILS OF EASTERN AZOV SHELLY

abstract 1241610009 issue 124 pp. 181 – 200 30.12.2016 ru 495
The article presents the data of 40-year-old variety-trial cultivation of hybrid black poplar and balsamic sections, as a result of which addressed issues of selection range of appropriate varieties, their cultivation technology, aspects of agrotechnology and protection against pests. At the same time, it absorbed and non-forest land reclamation funds, in particular sandy and shell, lowhumus, floodplain soils. As a result, the five-year variety trials found that under the conditions of the Eastern Azov on humus shell rock underlain by low-mineralized groundwater on accessible depth for roots (up to 150 cm), the most highly productive and are stable clones of Euro-American poplar: Brabantika-175, Sanrau-59, a Moshnyi-236 and 195 , Bahel, ZS-33 Vernirubens, 60001/1, Caroline-162. In terms of growth, they are superior to the local Canadian poplar and other varieties of poplars. Resistance to environmental and biological factors of the environment most highly productive species and varieties of poplars are much higher than the low productivity. Culture of poplar planting might create unrooted plants directly on the silvicultural area, which reduces the cost of rooting plants at the nursery, their digging and transportation and provides a high survival rate. Culture of poplar are used for the afforestation of poor sandy forest-steppe zone arrays, often introduced as the main breed at shelterbelt afforestation
163 kb

THE RESULTS OF IMPROVEMENT OF RED STEPPE AND HOLSTEIN CATTLE IN BREEDING FARMS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607095 issue 121 pp. 1583 – 1594 30.09.2016 ru 417
The modern cattle breeding in Russia is characterized by dynamic development, development of intensive technologies, increase in production, but at the same time, there are problems of increase in production of milk due to increase of dairy efficiency of cows at the most effective manifestation of the available level of their genetic potential. For the solution of this problem, i.e. for genetic improvement of dairy cattle, creation of new breeds, intra pedigree or zone types, more than 100 thousand of bulls with high genetics, and also 430 thousand heifers were delivered to Russia for the last 10 years. In this regard, the purpose of our researches was to study the level of genetic potential of dairy cows in breeding farms of "Nasha Rodina" of Gulkevichsky region, Vasyurinsky milk farm of Dinsky region, the Firm «Agrocomplex» of Vyselkovskiy region (Gazyrskoye enterprise), "Urozhay" of Kanevskoy region from 2000 to 2014, by using bulls of Golshtinsky breed. Researches have shown that in farms of the Krasnodar region producers with the high level of potential from 10791,0 kg to 12045 kg on milk were yield used on a breeding uterine livestock; from 4,22 to 4,40% of fat; from 3,32 to 3,49% of protein in milk. As a result the level of potential of daughters of bulls and cows in herds of farms was from 7774 to 9144 kg of milk; from 3,89 to 4,05% of fat; from 3,26 to 3,67% of protein in milk. However, genetic potential of new generation of animals is shown not completely. It is influenced by partial compliance of the created technological conditions of biology of animals, and indicators of breeding value of producers, with their prepatent indicators. Calculations of breeding value indexes of bulls – fathers of cows in the herd of "Urozhay" have shown that each bull has its breeding value, an ability to transfer the qualities to posterity. Bulls of Golshtinsky breed of red – motley color ( Pan 2037 and Tulup 78160689), by results of comparison of milk yields of daughters, mothers and contemporaries, had negative prepatent indexes of milk yield and milk protein content (according to F.F. Eysper and V. Sidorova). The data confirm the need of carrying out an obligatory index assessment of bulls before their use on the farm in order to avoid receiving descendants with low dairy efficiency
270 kb

THE REVIEW OF GRAIN AND BEET-ROOT AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX BRANCHES. QUESTIONS OF EFFICIENCY OF HARVEST-PROCURING PROCESSES IN PLANT GROWING. PART I

abstract 0480904004 issue 48 pp. 45 – 75 30.04.2009 ru 3409
The historical review of productive and economic position in grain and beet-root branches of agrarian and industrial complex of the Russian Federation from 1990 for 2008 is carried out. Methodological and productive and economic aspects of the developed system of the organization and management of harvest-procuring of a grain yield and sugar beet, and a problem of interdepartmental interaction are analyzed. The innovative approach to increase of efficiency of harvest-procuring in plant growing in modern conditions is offered
163 kb

THE REVIEW OF GRAIN AND BEET-ROOT AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX BRANCHES. QUESTIONS OF EFFICIENCY OF HARVEST-PROCURING PROCESSES IN PLANT GROWING. PART II

abstract 0480904005 issue 48 pp. 76 – 87 30.04.2009 ru 4377
The historical review of productive and economic position in grain and beet-root branches of agrarian and industrial complex of the Russian Federation from 1990 for 2008 is carried out. Methodological and productive and economic aspects of the developed system of the organization and management of harvest-procuring of a grain yield and sugar beet, and a problem of interdepartmental interaction are analyzed. The innovative approach to increase of efficiency of harvest-procuring in plant growing in modern conditions is offered
321 kb

THE REVIEW OF GRAIN AND BEET-ROOT AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX BRANCHES. QUESTIONS OF EFFICIENCY OF HARVEST-PROCURING PROCESSES IN PLANT GROWING. PART III

abstract 0480904006 issue 48 pp. 88 – 113 30.04.2009 ru 4148
The historical review of productive and economic position in grain and beet-root branches of agrarian and industrial complex of the Russian Federation from 1990 for 2008 is carried out. Methodological and productive and economic aspects of the developed system of the organization and management of harvest-procuring of a grain yield and sugar beet, and a problem of interdepartmental interaction are analyzed. The innovative approach to increase of efficiency of harvest-procuring in plant growing in modern conditions is offered
239 kb

THE RISE OF FUR FARMING EFFICIENCY WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF DIET COMPOSITION METHODS

abstract 0911307052 issue 91 pp. 741 – 752 30.09.2013 ru 1626
This investigation established that during fodder processing into feed mixture the quantity of protein decreases, especially in the defrostation and grinding processes. A coefficient of protein reservoir was suggested. The usage of this coefficient allows preventing protein deficiency in animals and rising efficiency of fur farming
173 kb

THE ROLE OF DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTES IN THE STATE REGULATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCING

abstract 0901306029 issue 90 pp. 450 – 468 30.06.2013 ru 1479
The role of development institutes in the state regulation of agricultural producing and the problems of its realization are considered in the article
133 kb

THE ROLE OF FIELD-PROTECTION PLANTATIONS IN THE CHANGE OF AGROFORESTRY LANDSCAPES MICROCLIMATE OF TAMBOV REGION

abstract 0791205040 issue 79 pp. 569 – 578 31.05.2012 ru 1657
The article describes the abiotic role of field protection plantations, where the influence of forest belts on the wind mode, the temperature of the air surface layer and soil surface, air moisture and distribution snow cover are reflected
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