Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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120 kb

THE STUDENT OF THE CHECHEN-INGUSH STATE PEDAGOGICAL / TEACHER TRAINING INSTITUTE - ALEXEY BIDYN – THE PARTICIPANT OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

abstract 1331709011 issue 133 pp. 115 – 123 30.11.2017 ru 7
The article attempts to study the participation of student of the Chechen-Ingush state pedagogical / teacher training Institute A. N. Medina in the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945, to gather biographical information about him
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PROBLEMS OF RESTORATION OF NATIONAL AUTONOMIES OF REPRESSED PEOPLES

abstract 1331709025 issue 133 pp. 301 – 309 30.11.2017 ru 8
The article attempts to highlight the problems of restoring the autonomies of the repressed peoples of Russia during the Great Patriotic War. Karachais, Kalmyks, Chechens, Ingush, Balkars and other peoples were forcibly relocated to the eastern regions of the country, and their autonomies were abolished. And only after the death of Stalin began the process of softening the special settlement regime for deported peoples. However, the decisive role was played by the 20th Congress of the Party, held in February 1956. At a closed meeting of the congress, the eviction of peoples, NS. Khrushchev called "a gross violation of the national policy of the Soviet state." The Twentieth Party Congress proposed reviving the illegally abolished national autonomies of repressed peoples. Public condemnation of mass repressions against the peoples of the North Caucasus was of great importance for the fate of deported ethnic groups, facilitated a number of measures to restore justice
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ETHNIC BUSINESS REGULATION FORMS: UDNP/ GEF PROJECTS AS AN INFORMATION SOURCE

abstract 1331709058 issue 133 pp. 760 – 770 30.11.2017 ru 8
Ethnic minorities’ traditional forms of economy and business are the object of a research. The common law norms in the sphere of traditional environmental management has included in researches subject domain. The list of the representative and verified sources of ethnological examinations and regional ethnological monitoring definition was the purpose of the conducted research. Assessment of information importance of the working documentation and printed materials, which had formed at United Nations Development Program (UDNP) implementation in the territory of the Russian Federation is carried out. Experience of implementation of the PROON/GEF project "Preservation of a biodiversity in the Russian part of the Altai-Sayansk ecoregion" (2006-2012)" is given as an example. The program covered six territorial subjects of the Russian Federation, all “native’s societies, referred to category "indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East", tens of national public associations and research groups. The attention is focused on the projects directed on ethnological monitoring organization and on the interaction system between the autochthonic population, municipal authorities, wildlife refuge and national parks management. The problems of rural settlement population connected with alternative (traditional) employment forms development have been lifted also. The plots connected with the common law norms place in the sphere of ethnic business definition have been considered on the basis of office work sources analysis. Common law norms were considered as the traditional communication systems and as the social regulato
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ISLAMIC LAW IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

abstract 1321708007 issue 132 pp. 58 – 80 31.10.2017 ru 22
The article is devoted to the problem of formation and development of Islamic law in the Ottoman Empire. In the beginning of the article, the author considers the ratio between Sharia and customary law in the legal system of the Ottoman Empire and reveals that the basis of customary law is the right of the Turks. Furthermore, the author highlights the main legal institutions of the state, and analyzes legal acts that appeared during the reign of the sultans Muhammad al-Fatih, Selim I, Suleiman I, Ahmad I and Abd alHamid. Then the author analyzes the features of Islamic law of the Ottoman Empire, identifies features of the contractual relationship, matrimonial and criminal law. Compares the rights of Muslims and non-Muslims, and reveals that the latter were divided into two categories: zimmi and musta’man, identifying legal privileges of each of them. At the end of the article, the author makes a conclusion about the continuity of the various legal acts of the Ottoman Empire, the crown of which is al-Majalla, some of the provisions, which has not lost its relevance in our time
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MYTHS AND REALITIES OF THE 1917 REVOLUTION

abstract 1321708103 issue 132 pp. 1290 – 1300 31.10.2017 ru 23
2017 was declared the year of the "100th anniversary of the Great Russian Revolution", or else it is called the "Great Russian Revolution". Such a message was given to the Address of the President of our country, V.V. Putin to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. The authors in the article rightly and reasonably point out that if the February bourgeois revolution, despite a number of objective reasons, was still the apex, palace take-over, October of 1917 was precisely a revolution, and not some kind of Bolshevik conspiracy. Why a revolution, not a take-over? The authors prove and convince the reader that this was essentially an inter-information socialist revolution, which radically changed the social system and the form of ownership. The article proves that the palace coup, which took place in February and brought "politicians into dress coats" to power, led to the victory of October 1917 due to their inaction and incompetence in the country's political leadership. None of the exciting question: about the war, peace, land, factories and factories, the form of state structure, the Provisional Government was not allowed. Therefore, due to objective and subjective reasons, the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution broke out
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THE POLICY OF TSARIST RUSSIA IN CHECHNYA AT THE TURN OF THE 1840- 1850-IES

abstract 1311707027 issue 131 pp. 271 – 287 29.09.2017 ru 101
In the article, based on factual material, we reveal the policy of tsarist Russia in Chechnya at the turn of the 1840-1850-ies. The article points out that in 1836, Chechnya was not included in the national liberation movement of highlanders of the North-Eastern Caucasus. In early 1840, Shamil was elected the Imam of Chechnya and the Imam of Dagestan and Chechnya. The same year there was a General revolt in Chechnya. Since that time, the center of the national liberation movement in the North-East Caucasus was moving to Chechnya. The article noted that for the conquest of the Chechen population by the king's command despite military means there were made engineering, economic and ideological measures. In the end, these measures and the teachings of Kunta-Haji, which began to spread in the same period of time, influenced the political situation in Chechnya and the minds of the Chechens. And all this, taken together, led to the fact that since the early 50-ies of the 19th century some groups of the society of Chechnya began to show a tendency towards reconciliation with Russia. In the studied time there was a change of tactics of the king's army in Chechnya. The Royal army was moving from trench warfare to the method of the marginalization of Chechens further and further into the mountains, through the construction of forest rides, and consolidated in the captured territory a system of military forts and Cossack villages. In 1850 the Royal army began to implement a plan of invasion of Chechnya which was Dagestan barns. This undermined the economic base of the Imamate heavily. Since the beginning of the 1850-ies and up until 1859, the center of gravity of the Caucasian war was transferred to Chechnya. There would be major events that would create the fate of the Imamate. Thus, the article characterizes the economic and propaganda policy of tsarism and its importance in the conquest of Chechnya; we have also highlighted the military actions against the mountaineers, explored the tactics and the strategy of the king's army in Chechnya
145 kb

THE FORMATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL RELATIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION AND THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS AT THE END OF XX – BEGINNING OF XXI CENTURY

abstract 1311707052 issue 131 pp. 604 – 615 29.09.2017 ru 111
The article considers the history of formation and development of political relations of Krasnodar territory with the Republic of Cyprus at the end XX – early XXI centuries. Two stages in the development of political relations between the Krasnodar region and the Republic of Cyprus were singled out: the beginning of the 1990s, the beginning of the 2000s. Based on materials of the State archive of the Krasnodar region analyzed the work on the preparation and implementation of the agreement of 1992 between the government of the Russian Federation and the government of the Republic of Cyprus, shows the activities of the administration of Krasnodar region and administration of Krasnodar city to establish political relations of the parties. The attention is focused on the creation of the first Russian Bank with 100% foreign capital – the Investment Bank of Kuban. Conclusions are made about the current state of relations between the Krasnodar region and the Republic of Cyprus
149 kb

CULTURAL DISTURBANCES OF RUSSIA IN THE POST-REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD

abstract 1311707071 issue 131 pp. 861 – 871 29.09.2017 ru 76
The article examines the artistic life of the country in the post-revolutionary period, which was characterized by the active creative work, diversity and to some extent inconsistency in culture. It is emphasized that the coup that took place in 1917, provided the impetus as the development of certain areas in the arts and cultural sector in general. It is concluded that the main feature of art as a component of the revolutionary culture of the country was to maintain the ideas of the Bolsheviks and the promotion of the new government, as well as the submission of the new government of each of the areas of cultural activity in Russia. Attention is focused on the fact that the development of art and culture in such difficult and tense post-revolutionary years in the country not only did not stop, but even continued to rise. The Bolsheviks understood the specific role of art, which manifests itself in the fact that it acts as a means of social and psychological impact. After all, art gives a person an opportunity to relive their lives of those who made history and now works. Therefore, it becomes clearer and more accessible sense of political, class and economic relations a lot is through the art. The culture of the country after the fateful October originally reflected the changes in the country and the time itself is filled with a variety of events. Every type of art in its own way conveys the spirit of the era, the atmosphere reigning in the post-revolutionary society. The article says that the Soviet culture was increasingly being filled with proletarian, internationalist, and socialist content. That is why characteristic of that time was the desire to penetrate art in people's daily lives
183 kb

THE EXPERIENCE OF COOPERATION OF THE SOVIET AUTHORITIES AND THE MUSLIM CLERGY OF THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS IN THE CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL SPHERES IN THE BEGINNING OF THE 20-IES OF THE XX CENTURY (ON THE MATERIALS OF THE ADYGHE PEOPLES)

abstract 1311707095 issue 131 pp. 1141 – 1155 29.09.2017 ru 29
The article describes the cooperation of the Soviet authorities and the Muslim Clergy of the Northern Caucasus in cultural and educational spheres in the beginning of the 20-ies in the XX century. The article is written in the framework of the regional competition of RFFI: "The North Caucasus: Tradition and Modernity" in 2017 – Krasnodar region. 17-11-23005 the type of project «a(p)», the subject is «The Soviet authorities and the Muslim Clergy of the Northern Caucasus in 1917- 1920s: The Experience of the Cooperation (on the materials of the Circassian peoples). It is noted that organization of wide cultural and educational activity performed by the Bolsheviks on The North Caucasus was the most important condition for organic participation of the region into the Soviet social and political space. The main efforts were concentrated on the formation and creation of a national script. Eventually аs a result of the interaction between the Soviet authorities and the Muslim clergy, there was a formation of new cultural needs and significant sociocultural changes in Circassian society in accordance with the political and ideological demands of the new government
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MONUMENTS OF THE FEBRUARY AND OCTOBER REVOLUTION IN THE TERRITORY OF RUSSIA

abstract 1301706023 issue 130 pp. 310 – 320 30.06.2017 ru 156
The article is devoted to the study of the monuments of revolutions of 1917 in Russia. It is emphasized that from the historical point of view, almost all monuments represent the embodiment of the losses and sufferings of humankind in various armed conflicts. This is especially true for the revolutions of 1917, which changed the entire modern history of the country, and even after 100 years cause a special interest both in the international scientific community and among ordinary people. This study specifies that after the final establishment and approval of the Soviet government, the new government realized that it was needed to create a certain basis, namely, its political symbolism as a foundation for the formation of image of the new government. The most important component of this process was the desire of the authorities to the formation of the ideas of the Soviet people about themselves and their place in the world, and, as a consequence, the folding of the foundations of Soviet patriotism, because the new generation who had no idea about the Russian Empire, began its life in the country, which had an ideology, but just started to develop the system of socialist values. The attention is paid to the fact that the monuments are one of the important elements of the historical and cultural heritage, which reflected the past experience of mankind, broadcast through architectural and sculptural symbols to the present, which contributes not only to the cultural enrichment of mankind, but also used by people to influence worldviews contemporaries. The article says that modern youth need to know the history of their country, not to forget about the numerous victims of various wars, to preserve peace and appreciate life
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