Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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156 kb

FEATURES OF MILITARY SERVICE IN WESTERN SIBERIA DURING 1865-1906

abstract 1251701048 issue 125 pp. 712 – 723 31.01.2017 ru 11
In spite of the fact that the name of the district during its existence was changed (Western-Siberian, Omsk, Siberian), the authors accepted the name “the Siberian military district” for the benefit of the material representation. Chronological frameworks of the article cover the period from 1865 (the date of the creation of the Western-Siberian military district) to 1906 when the Siberian military district has been divided up into Omsk and Irkutsk districts. The article considers some features of active service in military units and institutions of the Siberian military district during 1865-1906, in view of condition diversity in Western Siberia. They are the features of the regional climate, the features of the officer personnel formation in the district, the features of its class structure (which is a source of replacement of the organized units’ staff, district subunits and a mobilization resource in case of the war beginning) and some organization issues of the military’s everyday life in Western Siberia. The authors pay a special attention to the problems of character training, the organization of the service arm and the troop training in the Siberian military district. They also underline a low level of literacy among the district population and the staff of the district divisions and units. The main idea of the article is that the government has paid little attention to the military component of Western Siberia development from the earliest times up to now
122 kb

THEY WERE THE FIRST: THE DIRECTORS OF THE CHECHEN-INGUSH STATE PEDAGOGICAL/ TEACHER TRAINING INSTITUTE IN THE 1938-1951 YEARS

abstract 1251701053 issue 125 pp. 790 – 799 31.01.2017 ru 10
The article attempted to characterize the contribution of the first Directors of the Chechen- Ingush state pedagogical/teaching Institute - F. E. Bykova and A. P. Efleeva in the formation of higher pedagogical school in Checheno-Ingushetia in 1938-1951
135 kb

THE POLITICAL CRISIS IN THE KALMYK KHANATE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 18TH CENTURY

abstract 1241610005 issue 124 pp. 147 – 156 30.12.2016 ru 36
The article deals with a political crisis in the Kalmyk khanate and the departure of the part of the Volga Kalmyks from South Russia to the borders of the Jungar khanate at the beginning of the XVIII century. The dramatic events of 1701–1702 which were caused by a race for power in a khanʼs family or by an attempt of «palace revolution» are considered in chronological sequence. This conflict was used by the representatives of the Kalmyk ruling elite who were dissatisfied with the khan Ayukaʼs policy and interested in the change of the political power. But the support of the tsarist government given to the Kalmyk khan ruined the plans of the conspirators and some part of them embracing 15 thousand of nomad tents moved on to the territory of Jungaria. This event which cardinally influenced on the alignment of forces in the Oirat society considerably weakened the Kalmyk khanate and correspondingly increased the population size in the Jungar khanate
131 kb

STATE POWER VERTICAL IN KALMYK ASSR ACCORDING TO THE CONSTITUTION OF 1937

abstract 1241610007 issue 124 pp. 157 – 167 30.12.2016 ru 37
In order to describe the state of the power vertical in Kalmykia an analytical review of the Constitution of the RSFSR in 1937 and the Constitution of the Kalmyk ASSR in 1937 was made in this paper. The study reveals features of construction of the vertical of the supreme bodies of state power. The conclusion is that the system of construction of the vertical of higher authorities, establishes a sign of a unitary form of state-territorial structure
204 kb

SOCIO-POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS OF PRO-RUSSIAN ORIENTATION IN DONBASS IN THE END OF XX – BEGINNING OF XXI CENTURY

abstract 1241610031 issue 124 pp. 527 – 548 30.12.2016 ru 29
The article investigates the activities of public-political organizations of the Donetsk region, defended the idea of federalization of Ukraine and integration with Russia. A review was done for similar organizations operating in the region since the early 1990-ies to 2014. Based on the research activities of these organizations, the authors come to the conclusion about the regularity of the split of Ukraine in 2014, however, they believe that the separation of Donbass was not only due to the activities of separatist organizations, but first and foremost, because of the policy of the Ukrainian government
513 kb

RURAL SETTLEMENTS AND LANDS OF KRESTETSKY UYEZD DUE TO THE MATERIALS OF THE FIRST LAND CADASTRES AND EVALUATIONS OF RUSSIAN SOIL SCIENTISTS

abstract 1241610044 issue 124 pp. 695 – 707 30.12.2016 ru 7
The article deals with the problem of assessing the quality of land settlements of Krestetsky uyezd in Novgorod province since the time of cadaster descriptions of Novgorod land to fieldworks of Russian soil scientists. The comparative aspect studies information of cadastres in the middle of the XVI century, Economic notes to the General landsurveying of the Russian Empire in the second half of the XVIII century and "Soil and Geological essay of Krestetsky uyezd" at the beginning of the XX century. Due to this research a database included information about the settlements having existed in the territory for centuries, with the description of land quality and fertility was compiled. The analysis revealed that according to field studies, mechanical and physical composition of soils in Krestetsky uyezd within the same soil type was very diverse. General land surveying described soil based on the predominance of muddy substances, sand or clay, but at the same time the characteristic of grain yields played an important role. In the XVI century the categories of good, medium and poor lands could have the lands with the same composition of the soil, and the probability of it was especially strengthened by the prevalence of certain soils in the region. However, at the micro level of individual settlements of graveyards certain regularities in land assessment shown in the objective signs that can be identified on the country are traced. The graveyards of Derevskaya pyatina included in Krestezkiy uyezd deals with such objective indicators as worsening assessment of the quality of land including the availability of various types of clay which are subsoils of many local soils
151 kb

ABOUT SOME CONTROVERSIAL ASPECTS OF CIVIL WAR AND INTERVENTION IN RUSSIA

abstract 1241610060 issue 124 pp. 897 – 909 30.12.2016 ru 9
The authors have devoted some of its controversial aspects, which have been going on for decades in the scientific community, namely, the time-frame of the Civil War, its causes and about the time of its beginning. In addition to these issues, the article is considered the relationship between the socialist parties and their participation in the civil war, the role of foreign intervention in the case of incitement to war and, finally, the reasons of the defeat of the White movement. The authors did not set out to elaborate on all four stages of the civil war, and focused on the examination of its first phase, covering the period from the end of May to November 1918. The main object of consideration the question arose about the beginning of the Civil War. The authors dwell on the various points of view expressed in this historical science, argues with those of them who, in their opinion, do not withstand scientific scrutiny. They speculate about details of alternative embodiments of the historical process, try to consider the option that could have been avoided civil war, if there was a coalition of socialist parties and come to the conclusion that such a coalition was impossible and it looks ephemeral. The authors dwell on the consideration of the role that is played in the raging civil fratricidal war, foreign intervention. They rightly point out that it is military intervention exacerbated and intensified civil war, has extended its time frame, the number of dead and wounded, even more glowing civil and class hatred
159 kb

THE TRANSGRESSION OF KAZAKHS OF BUKEY HORDE ON THE TERRITORY OF LOWER VOLGA FRONTIER

abstract 1241610100 issue 124 pp. 1503 – 1515 30.12.2016 ru 8
The article deals with the problem of transgression of Kazakhs of Bukey horde on the territory of Lower Volga frontier. Transgression of the frontier territory is a way to adapt to the new conditions of existence. The author pays attention to Bukey horde, where the new frontiry space is formed by the interaction of the various ethnic groups. Having come to the new land, and interacted with the Russian people and the Russian authorities, the Kazakhs turned out in the alien cultural landscape. Kazakhs` mentality is being changed against the background of the collapsing patriarchal way of life. Bukeyev inhabitants life was transformed by the alteration of social norms. The way of life of Bukey Horde was changed and they had to adapt to new realities. The author of the article gives examples of Kazakhs` transgression using archival date
163 kb

THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE KALMYK ASSR — THE SUPREME BODY OF THE STATE POWER OF THE REPUBLIC

abstract 1231609034 issue 123 pp. 506 – 520 30.11.2016 ru 62
This article deals with actual problems of the national structure of Kalmyk people in 1930-s years based on legislative documents and also problems of development and the adoption of the first Constitution of Kalmyk USDA (1937). The article focuses on the main features of this research. The adoption of the basic law of the Kalmyk republic was a big step in the social and political life in Kalmykia and in its constitutional history. This document included fundamental principles of the «constitution of proletariat government», peculiarities of Russian social class development, aims and objectives of national political structure in the Russian Federation. The basic law of the Kalmyk USDA was created on the basis of principles of the Constitution of the USSR and the Constitution of the RSFSR. The law secured social and government order of the Soviet Kalmykia. The procedure of governing and composition, the competence and authorities are disclosed and the work of the Supreme council of the Kalmyk USDA as the highest representative and legislative body in the context of the basic law of the Kalmyk republic. In the Constitution of the republic rights and freedom of nationals are fully reflected in accordance with the constitutional principles of the USSR. Finally the author concludes that in the administrative command system the basic features of rights and freedom of the peoples of the USSR in practice were not respected
145 kb

HISTORICAL SOURCES ON THE STUDY OF THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNING BODIES OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY IN THE YEARS OF THE NEP

abstract 1231609076 issue 123 pp. 1091 – 1102 30.11.2016 ru 68
The offered article considers one of key problems of the Soviet history. It is an activity of governing bodies of the national economy in the period of the New Economic Policy in separately taken region — the Republic of Kalmykia. As a result of a research it is shown how archival materials and separate types of sources are used in studying of the designated problems, how the revealed sources interact between themselves in research works. The publication of new archival documents and their variety demonstrate that the new milestone begins in studying problems of governing bodies. It is connected not so much with specific updating of documents as with change of a technique of the analysis. The main attention begins to be paid to subjective factors and circumstances. In this regard further development of source base in studying of system of governing bodies in Kalmykia will be defined by modern ideas of the place and a role of the historical document in understanding of the past
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