Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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191 kb

TRENDS, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN AND RUSSIAN PASSENGER CAR MARKETS

abstract 1281704003 issue 128 pp. 82 – 99 28.04.2017 ru 40
The article presents main laws of Russian and foreign car markets development, its growth characteristics in present economic context; it examines global manufacturing of vehicles by international auto groups. Car market structural changes in the Russian market are analyzed. The future impact of modern economic crisis on auto market repartition and its development trend is also considered
122 kb

ATTRACTING FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN THE ECONOMY OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1281704016 issue 128 pp. 249 – 257 28.04.2017 ru 41
In today's market economy, against the backdrop of globalization, political instability and crisis processes, the issue of attracting foreign investment is strategically important. The Krasnodar region is one of the most attractive regions for investment potential both in the territory of the Southern Federal District and among the regions of the Russian Federation. Moreover, effective investment activity positively influences its socioeconomic development, providing the region with not only financial assets, growth in GRP (Gross Regional Product) rates, but also contributing to the introduction of new technologies, increasing the number of jobs and improving the quality of life of the population
160 kb

COGNITIVE MODELING OF THE IMPACT OF SELF-ORGANIZATION FACTORS ON THE ENTERPRISE SUSTAINABILITY

abstract 1281704024 issue 128 pp. 342 – 353 28.04.2017 ru 51
This article discusses the problem of methodological support for the management of the recovery cycle of Russian industry, which is caused by the transformation of factors affecting the achievement of the required parameters of competitiveness. Given the low level of technological development, it is proposed to rely on the concept of sustainability in determining the strategy of re-industrialization in Russia. As a theoretical platform of such a concept, the ideas of intellectualization of enterprise management are proposed, which were developed in the foreign theory of industrial management. Thus, the main factors influencing the stability of the enterprise were correlated with elements of the "ADACOR holonic" -architecture of management, inspired by biological and evolutionary theories. An empirical analysis of the impact of self-organizing factors using the technology of cognitive modeling, which revealed a significant impact on the company's sustainability of environmental assessment factors. The state is revealed under which the effect of local stability within the limits of the parameters "Diagnostics of threats" and "Unpredictability of the environment" is achieved, which makes it possible to form a complex of management actions to regulate these parameters using the coenoses tools. The proposed interdisciplinary approach, based on a system of regularities of the physical and mathematical order, will greatly enhance the effectiveness of forecasting and the predictability of enterprise development
174 kb

CLOUD COMPUTING IN AGRO-INDUSTRIAL SECTOR OF ECONOMY: TENDENCIES OF DEVELOPMENT AND ADVANTAGES OF IMPLEMENTATION

abstract 1281704027 issue 128 pp. 375 – 385 28.04.2017 ru 14
Tendencies of development of a cloud computing in business are considered in the article, percentage indicators of development of cloud computing are presented. Advantages of introduction of cloud computing in a business area are listed. It's a fact that cloud computing has theoretically unlimited scale of existence of data, simplicity of operation and financial availability of cloud services, reduction of IT costs. For heads of the companies it is the prospect of reduction of paper document flow and a possibility of distant work with data arrays. The statistics of volume of the Russian market of cloud services is present. The forecast of development of the world market of a cloud computing is made. Advantages of implementation of cloud computing in the sphere of business are listed; the main of them: decrease of costs of IT departments, the expensive equipment and the software. Any agrarian and industrial company will be able significantly to reduce not only financial expenses, but also it will be able competently to redistribute human resources for more effective work thanks to a cloud computing. Realization of a cloud program service in 1C is especially demanded in the Russian market in the sphere of business of agrarian and industrial complex because of the financial profitability and acceptable technical characteristics. Cloud services significantly help business functioning, simplifying work with documentation and communication with the external environment. Examples of application of a cloud computing on medium and small business are presented in the article
289 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF THE INVESTMENT MECHANISM OF LEASING AS A NECESSARY CONDITION OF ACTIVIZATION OF CREDITING OF REAL SECTOR OF ECONOMY AND DECREASE IN CREDIT RISKS

abstract 1281704030 issue 128 pp. 418 – 429 28.04.2017 ru 16
The main problem for small business enterprises is acquisition of the expensive equipment. For the solution of this problem the world practice offers leasing. Leasing is the investment mechanism which around the world is widely used by small and medium business, and also the giant enterprises in case of need of acquisition of fixed assets. In the article we consider a process of providing leasing services, requirements of the organization and distribution of a line of leasing services. For the purpose of effective participation of the state in the leasing development stimulation mechanism, in our opinion, creation of three state institutions is necessary, namely: state guarantee fund, state mortgage fund and state leasing fund. Creation of the state guarantee fund, according to the author, will be useful not only for leasing development, but also for restoration and stimulation of crediting of real sector of economy, the main functions of this fund have to consist in provision of guarantees on the credits of commercial banks and leasing companies. The state leasing fund has to cooperate closely with the state leasing company for the purpose of granting objects of leasing in leasing. Creation and ensuring effective activity of the state funds, for today, has paramount importance, stimulation of development of leasing crediting and crediting of real sector of economy is the main condition of economic growth of Russia. The mechanism of tax benefits, discounts and state subsidies which have to be provided to commercial tanks and the leasing companies is important for stimulation of leasing. Development of leasing stimulates innovative processes, thanks to leasing the period of an obsolescence of the equipment is reduced. Recommendations by means of which, small business can achieve positive long-term financial results are offered
184 kb

ANALYSIS OF THE COMPLEX AREA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1281704035 issue 128 pp. 474 – 489 28.04.2017 ru 22
The article deals with the problem of realization of complex projects in the Russian Federation. A detailed analysis of the impact of integrated projects was carried out for the main parameters: the territorial and legal basis, the number of completed projects, the volume of attracted investments in the region, the volume of revenues of the project participants. According to the analysis of positive and negative practices of the implementation of complex projects in the regions with the highest gross regional product the Russian government recommended to pay attention to those complex projects that work "in the result", encouraging them, giving more preferences and privileges for investment and development of the territory as a whole. Some projects that are not only ineffective, but also bear the losses, should be reduced funding and in some cases to focus on their closure. As a result, it was concluded in part that the regions, which initially have a favorable socio-economic environment and the necessary infrastructure are more attractive to investors, and, naturally, more effectively develop. In such regions more residents come, due to which new jobs, growing the economy, increasing the gross regional product
392 kb

EUROPEAN SANCTIONS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON RUSSIAN FOREIGN TRADE IN CRUDE OIL (CASE STUDY OF NOVOROSSIYSK COMMERCIAL SEA PORT)

abstract 1281704042 issue 128 pp. 575 – 590 28.04.2017 ru 16
This article focuses on crude oil trade development between Russian Federation and European Union with relation to port of Novorossiysk performance for the period of 2010-2015 taking into consideration restrictive measures imposed by European Union. Literature review on the topic of economic sanctions on Russia and other countries and impact of these measures on economy of these countries is given in the article. After analysis of crude oil trade volumes between Russia and European Union through port of Novorossiysk it is possible to conclude that decrease in crude oil trade started two years before the introduction of restrictive measures. Current values of international trade indicators can be under significant influence of sanctions, but the general trend of decline started before that, and this trend can be connected with other then political factors. Another conclusion is the fact that sanctions made an impact on growth of crude oil turnover, but at the same time this indicator was negative for almost a decade before, making it possible to consider the factor of sanctions as significant, but not decisive
138 kb

ANALYSIS OF STAFFING OF THE HEALTH INDUSTRY OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1281704043 issue 128 pp. 591 – 600 28.04.2017 ru 23
Health protection of the population is one of the foundations of the constitutional system of Russia. The right of everyone to health care and medical care is enshrined in the Constitution of the Russian Federation (Article 41). This right is ensured by providing citizens with free medical assistance in state and municipal health care institutions, financing federal programs for protecting and promoting public health, implementing measures for the development of state, municipal, Private health systems. The quality of medical care depends on such factors as the material and technical base and the financial and economic conditions of the activities of medical organizations, the activities of public authorities in the field of health care, and the optimality of the use of resources. However, first of all, the quality of medical care is determined by the level of staffing of medical institutions, professional training and qualification of specialists. In the coming years, one of the strategic tasks of the Ministry of Health of Russia is to improve the quality of managerial personnel: the chief physicians of medical organizations, specialists in the fields of quality management, drug provision and financial and economic management. Until 2018, it is planned to conduct a large-scale upgrading of the managers who supervise financial and economic activities in medical organizations of all the constituent entities of the Russian Federation working in the MHI system
250 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF GARMENT COMPANIES IN RUSSIA IN MODERN MARKET CONDITIONS

abstract 1281704045 issue 128 pp. 614 – 624 28.04.2017 ru 17
At present, garment companies of the light industry of the Russian Federation are suffering from the lack the outstripping development in many respects because the material and technical base is obsolete. The level of deterioration of machines and equipment is considerably high, which does not contribute to increasing production, full satisfaction of the domestic demand of the population, expansion of export potential and implementation of the policy of import substitution. An effective mechanism of technological renewal is urgently needed, which will allow enterprises of this field of activity to modernize fixed assets, update production technologies, win new markets and increase competitive advantages. The purpose of this article is to provide an objective assessment of the current state of Russian garment enterprises and to develop priority measures for the development of the industry. The article identifies the current problems that prevent light industry enterprises from maintaining high competitiveness. The data on volumes of sales of garments in Russia are analyzed. The appraisal of the Russian textile market is provided, due to domestic production and the volume of textile imports. The dynamics of changes in the indices of domestic production of textile and clothing products is considered. The results of the research made it possible to formulate strategic directions for protecting the domestic sewing market, which helped to identify possible ways of increasing competitive advantages and increasing the efficiency of production and operation of Russian garment enterprises
129 kb

ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1281704047 issue 128 pp. 637 – 647 28.04.2017 ru 25
The article considers the economic growth and its components, the main indicators, targets and the effect that it has on the economy. Also, we briefly describe the main trends of economic growth of the Krasnodar region and the forecast of their change over the next 2 years
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