Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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199 kb

THE ECONOMIC POTENTIAL OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

abstract 1271703008 issue 127 pp. 164 – 175 31.03.2017 ru 48
The article discusses the economic potential of renewable energy sources and prospects of their use in Russia, in particular, in the Krasnodar region. Briefly describe all sources of renewable energy, their energy potential, discussed in detail the potential of biogas
350 kb

TO THE EXTENSION OF UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM OF FORMATION OF FLEXIBLE AND ADAPTIVE STRUCTURES OF REPRODUCTION IN AIC

abstract 1271703009 issue 127 pp. 176 – 192 31.03.2017 ru 37
The acceleration of the reproduction process intensifies the traditional contradiction of any organization between strategic goal setting and necessity to react efficiently and adaptively to situational changes of the market that in its turn supposes the presence of institutes and mechanisms of such qualities as flexibility and adaptability on the one hand, and sustainability on the other at organizational structures. That is, in modern and restructured organizations initially when they are created, such properties as adaptive and flexible shapes, structures, mechanisms and tools must be laid. It implies the search of new methodological approaches which are the most relevant to this situation and, in particular, the finding of the solution of the contradiction between the search of standard approaches and creative decisions between formalization and self-organization
221 kb

THE ROLE OF FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN DEVELOPMENTS OF ECONOMICS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1271703012 issue 127 pp. 222 – 234 31.03.2017 ru 51
Foreign investments are one of the integral parts in the structure of international capital flows. There are various forms of foreign capital. In the analysis of these forms general principles to the classification of investments that involve, and sometimes reglamentary, their separation on targets, deadlines, investments, forms of ownership of resources investment, risks and other characteristics can be used. Investment activity may be represented in the form of investments, regardless of their source of income and outflow in the country of investment, different forms to obtain economic benefits (profit) and the achievement of other macro - and micro - goals of the government. Analysis of the data of The Rosstat and Bank of Russia indicates that in the Russian Federation there is a significant decline in the inflow and outflow of foreign investment and the export of capital, as before, exceeds import, which characterizes the investment climate unfavorable to investment of foreign capital in the Russian economy. This phenomenon is due to the anti-Russian sanctions aimed at reducing Russia's influence in the international relationships and reduce its capacity. International investment cooperation does not meet potential opportunities. Therefore, it is necessary to not only search for new forms and methods of mutual investments but also search the creation of modern infrastructure investment complex in the field of foreign economic cooperation and strategic partnership. The attraction of foreign investments into the Russian economy requires significant organizational efforts from the Russian federal and regional authorities, and private companies, financial institutions. It should be aimed at reviving the economy and getting access to advanced technologies and methods of management; contribute to the effective production, integration into the world economic system
449 kb

CREATION OF THE CONCEPT OF THE BANK OF THE FUTURE AND WAYS OF OVERCOMING RISKS IN THE BANK, SUPPORT OF FINANCIAL STABILITY OF THE ENTITIES OF AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

abstract 1271703016 issue 127 pp. 270 – 280 31.03.2017 ru 7
The concept of the bank of the future is offered in this article and ways of overcoming risks in bank are considered. Criteria for evaluation of activity of bank of the future are marked out. The conceptual model of the bank of the future is directed to a prediction of client's wish and the timely offer to him necessary configured for him services, which will promote increase of client’s loyalty. Risk card is created for the bank of the future; it contains groups of management tools by credit risks and groups of management tools by credit risks for the loan portfolio. It's a fact that for overcoming risks in bank it is required to construct effective system risk – management, which contains the independent element - control over accomplishment of planned activities, the analysis and assessment of results of the chosen risk decision. Management of business reputation through risk control become one of the important element of functioning of bank, being not only a basis of increase in reputation in the opinion of partners, contractors and clients, but also a basis of improvement of financial and economic indicators. It is necessary for efficiency of functioning of banks in Russia: financing of the innovative information technologies, which are applied in banks; employment of qualified personnel and corresponding equipment; application of the latest scientific advances, which are included in process of creating of banking technologies; interest of personnel in a result of the work
136 kb

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF THE AGRARIAN SECTOR AT THE PRESENT STAGE OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

abstract 1271703019 issue 127 pp. 308 – 317 31.03.2017 ru 19
The article is devoted to solution of actual task of definition to the modern role of the agro-industrial complex of Russia in economic theory, in the globalized world economy. It deals with production in agriculture, as a developed competitive agricultural sector, which is the key to food security of the country's existence. In the work we present the analysis of factors affecting the development of agriculture, among which the most important are the low degree of monopolization of rural producers in comparison with other sectors of the economy; high level of capital intensity of agriculture and low profitability; disparity of prices in the agricultural sector; high level of competition imports. The article presents the main issues to be focused for timely consideration, such as: questions about the protectionist measures to help the farmers from Federal agencies; the role of insurance and leasing organizations in encouraging farmers in replacing agricultural equipment; the need for effective assistance of regional authorities in the promotion of the import substitution program; the identification and elimination of "bottlenecks" in the promotion of South Russian grain on the world market; development of measures to solve other problems constraining the sector's development. We have also offered a number of rational and effective interventions for addressing key management issues of agricultural sector
159 kb

RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION SYSTEM AS AN INSTRUMENT OF HUMAN CAPITAL VALUE FORMATION

abstract 1271703021 issue 127 pp. 330 – 339 31.03.2017 ru 10
The article analyzes the role that the recruitment system plays in the formation of human capital and its value within the modern Russian company. The article provides the procedure to evaluate the recruitment efficiency according to the human capital value in dynamics. The main principles of efficient recruitment as an essential part of SHRM are also stated. It is actually the recruitment system that provides any organization with staff of a required quality and quantity. In prospect the recruited staff has to be developed and trained by the company to fulfill its needs in the best way that helps to raise the value of the organizational human capital. It is the efficient recruiting that lays the foundation for this value formation. The article compares the human capital value dynamics in companies with efficient and insufficient recruitment procedures. Essential aspects of Russian labor market are taken into account as well
312 kb

USING RATINGS TO ASSESS THE CREDITWORTHINESS OF BANKS

abstract 1271703022 issue 127 pp. 340 – 352 31.03.2017 ru 4
The article is devoted to the study of rating the creditworthiness of banks. The concept and the process of ranking have been revealed. The authors give a retrospective analysis of the development of views on the formation of ratings in the banking sector. Particular attention is paid to the methodology of Moody's, the largest rating agency, which is based not only on the study of the set of key performance indicators of the company at the micro and the macro level, but also takes into account the quality of company management and current trends in the industry. On the basis of gradation we made a comparative analysis of methods of ratings by Standard and poor's, and Moody's rating agencies, which allows identifying the unity of their approaches to evaluating the creditworthiness of companies. Along with international experience rating, we have studied Russian experience. We have considered the legal basis for the activities of Russian ratings agencies and documents that are the primary source of data for the evaluation of companies. We study ratability particularities in domestic practice; in particular, we have presented criteria for Rating Agency called Expert RA. The authors presented the forecasted values of key indicators of the economy of the Russian Federation, which affect the country's credit rating, such as GDP, inflation rate, the key rate, unemployment rate, exchange rate of the ruble. It was concluded that there was a need to move from quantitative to qualitative assessment when examining the organizational effectiveness of the banking sector
135 kb

ECONOMIC METAMODELING AS AN AREA OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE AND ACTIVITIES

abstract 1271703031 issue 127 pp. 455 – 467 31.03.2017 ru 19
Philosophical, methodological and methodical bases of modeling of economic objects, including the development of two metamodels – the metamodel of the economy as an object of cognition and metamodeling of economic objects are the field of economic metamodeling. The metamodel of the economy is considered as the context in which it is desirable to develop models of particular economic objects; it reflects in a formalized view its ontology, structure, logic, and objective function. Metamodel of social economy and its role in the knowledge of economic reality associated with their role in this process is offered. These features include: the reflection of the uniform nature of economic phenomena in the society; ensuring systemic relationship between the phenomena of economic reality and their models; ensuring the conceptual integrity of all economic models, which is formed to cognition and reflection of the being of the economy. The metamodel of modeling of economic phenomena, which is an algorithm for the modelling of any economic objects is offered. The metamodel of economic modelling is a prerequisite for the development of subject-specific models; it defines the semantic context of the modeling and the conditions of the practical application of the developed models. There is a need for a deeper understanding of economic metamodeling as an area of scientific knowledge and activity, it is considered as an important condition for the further development of economic theory
216 kb

MOVING FORWARD TO ARISTOTLE: WE MUST BE FREE FROM THE PERVERSIONS OF ECONOMIC THEORY

abstract 1271703033 issue 127 pp. 478 – 500 31.03.2017 ru 6
The founder of the economic theory is Aristotle. The so-called "market economy" is a perversion of Aristotle's views. We have to eliminate distortions. What can replace the "market economy"? We are developing a new organizational-economic theory - solidary information economy, based on the views of Aristotle. The name of this theory has changed over time. Initially, we used the term "nonformal information economy of the future", and then began to use the term "solidary information economy." In connection with Biocosmology and neo-Aristotelism preferred is an adequate term "functionalist organic information economy". This article describes the main provisions of solidary information economy, intended to replace the market economy as a management tool. The main problems are discussed, the solution of which is devoted to research related to the considered basic organizational and economic theory. We discuss Aristotle's positions, on which the economic theory is based, in particular, solidary information economy. We prove that the market economy has remained in the XIX century and the mainstream in modern economic science - justification of insolvency of a market economy and the need to move to a planned system of economic management. We examine the impact of ICT on economic activity. We develop the approaches to decision-making in the solidary information economy. On the basis of modern decision theory (especially expert procedures) and informationcommunication technologies people can get rid of chrematistics and will understand the term of "economy" according to Aristotle
145 kb

THE ATTRIBUTES OF MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT IN SMALL RURAL FARMING

abstract 1271703039 issue 127 pp. 584 – 594 31.03.2017 ru 9
The definition of "small agricultural businesses" (SAB) is clarified, the effective functioning and regulation of development of subjects SAB are elaborated. The authors used the principles of systemic-functional analysis, methods, rationale, economic-statistical, monographic, SWOT-analysis, graphic and others. The author's definition of small agricultural businesses was offered. The functioning and regulation of development of subjects of SAB are refined and systematized. The modern competitive opportunities of SAB and others are identified and systematized. It’s being said that the competitive position of subjects of small agrarian farms (SAF) are often provided with increasingly innovative approaches with flexibility of internal management, the ability to quickly adapt to constantly changing conjuncture market. However, as practice shows, the direction of development in small economies does not act as a priority of modern agricultural policy in this field, often dominated by declarative intent rather than running behind these statements required volumes of investment in regulation of SAF subjects development
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