Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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131 kb

METHODOLOGY QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE MEASUREMENT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS STRUCTURES

abstract 1341710061 issue 134 pp. 760 – 770 29.12.2017 ru 102
In this article, we show the necessity of formation of a new concept "the sustainable development of qualitatively new economy of the pre-business structures", which emphasize human capital, knowledge economy and scientific and technological progress with access to new technological way. The author substantiates the necessity of using a systematic approach to quantitative and qualitative evaluation of sustainability of small and medium enterprises. The article describes three types of economic goals of small and medium enterprises, the achievement of which is aimed at sustainable development. The main emphasis in the sustainable development of small and medium enterprises is done on a new quality of economic growth. We have developed a methodology for assessing the sustainability of development of small and medium business organizations. The proposed method of multicriteria evaluation of the pace and quality of economic growth of small and medium-go business to identify the priority criteria and determining the factor indicators. Summarizing the conducted researches allowed the author to establish that when combining the categories of sustainability, quality of growth and efficiency of business activities in a single integrated system it is necessary to consider the whole set of conditions and factors of the business environment to achieve set goals in the individual subsystems
180 kb

NEW APPROACHES IN THE STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TOURISM AS A TOOL OF REGIONAL ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT

abstract 1341710063 issue 134 pp. 782 – 792 29.12.2017 ru 105
The reasons diminishing the efficiency of those approaches or the difficulties in their realization are explained. The authors propose 2 models of rural tourism development as a tool for territorial development and, as consequence, regional economic development. The first model foresees large investments from the national and regional budget. The second one proposes the review of the economic actors’ roles in the development of regional economics and in activation of the entrepreneurship activity. In the framework of the second model the investment from the national and regional budgets to be reduced and, in part, tools of a territorial selforganization to be launched thanks to activity of special couch groups and integrating the territory in the process of digital economy
129 kb

MATERIAL STIMULATION OF WORK OF AGRICULTURE WORKERS

abstract 1341710064 issue 134 pp. 793 – 803 29.12.2017 ru 113
In the article, general question of material stimulation of workers are considered. There are given the definitions of concepts "interest", "motive", "motivation", "stimulus", "material stimulation", shown the main problems that are related to the motivation of workers and employers, whose solution is closely related to the successful, realization of the program for the development of the agro-industrial complex. The main reason for the shortage of labour in agriculture is a low level of wages that does not meet the needs of the population. Forms and wage systems in agriculture are justified by the features of agricultural production, payments in kind are applied. In connection with the policy of import substitution carried out by the state, the out flow labour from rural areals hoes decreased. To increase the efficiency of agricultural production it is necessary to carry act various measures including on stimulating workers of the agrarian sphere. It is expedient to divide wages into the main and additional parts while the guaranteed and variable share varies depending on the quality of labour. The use of new incentives for labour activity would make it possible to build a more effective labour incentive system with the use of which the employee will be an interested commodity producer, the owner of the products and resources
219 kb

ANALYSIS OF EFFICIENCY OF PRODUCTION OF PLANT GROWING PRODUCTS OF CJSC "CENTRALNOE", KRASNODAR

abstract 1341710065 issue 134 pp. 804 – 819 29.12.2017 ru 103
The article gives an analysis of the efficiency indicators for the production of plant growing products using the example of the reporting of CJSC "Centralnoe". We have revealed the mathematical model for the analysis of economic efficiency of production of plant growing products. In the work there were considered the following indicators characterizing economic efficiency: labor intensity; profit from the sale of fruits; profitability; cost of 1 centner of fruit; yield; costs for the maintenance of fixed assets used in production. Various models of the dependence of indicators characterizing economic efficiency on the above indicators were considered. As a basic culture, we have selected fruits, because these cultures are the main types of products for this organization. The authors singled out a reliable and qualitative mathematical model of the relationship between profit on sales and yield, labor intensity, and self-worth. Model could be used to determine the economic efficiency of organizations engaged in agricultural activities. The relevance of the study is due because these problem is one of the most important for all organizations that produce plant growing products. The agrarian sector has certain peculiarities, therefore, when determining of the economic efficiency of a separate economic entity and the industry as a whole, it is necessary to take into account these features
119 kb

ENVIRONMENTAL BASICS OF HEALTH TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

abstract 1341710069 issue 134 pp. 845 – 852 29.12.2017 ru 94
The article shows the economic significance of rational usage of natural resources for the benefits of population. The peculiarities of the three types of tourism are expressed: ecological, natural and short. The article proposes the modernization of tourism infrastructure considering the energy efficiency of buildings, consumption of "green energy" and organic agriculture, environmentally safe recycling of municipal solid waste. Such modernization provides a condition for the development of wellness and recreation of all types. The article shows the link between tourism and the improvement of the tools for cleaner production and taxation. It gives the analysis of the characteristics of the formation and use of the tourism resource rents as part of the restructuring process of taxation
152 kb

RELEVANT ASPECTS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIA

abstract 1341710074 issue 134 pp. 924 – 936 29.12.2017 ru 121
The given international scientific-practical conference has become a platform for the exchange of scientific knowledge between young and experienced scientists, practitioners, representatives of power structures. Including before its participants were representatives of CEMI RAS, Moscow state University, St. Petersburg state University, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Public chamber of the Russian Federation, foreign universities (National agrarian University of Armenia); well-known scientists from leading universities of the South of Russia. The main organizers of this school were the Krasnodar branch of Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, the Krasnodar regional public charitable Foundation of " Scientific and educational initiatives of Kuban", Southern Institute of management (Krasnodar)
327 kb

AUTOMATION INTEGRAL ASSESSMENT OF THE LABOR POTENTIAL

abstract 1341710084 issue 134 pp. 1031 – 1045 29.12.2017 ru 130
In rapidly changing and transforming conditions of economic development of enterprises, more attention is paid to the labor potential. Its values are still widely used in the factors of competitiveness of products and services analysis. Calculating process of estimating the labor potential is usually done manually and is not always objective and effective. According to the selected issues, this writing is devoted to identifying and developing the most appropriate methods of assessment of labor potential and development of automation software. The authors propose a method of analysis of the labor potential based on application of complex integral indicator, which makes possible the use of labor potential as one of the indicators of efficiency of activity of the enterprise. Along with this the practical use of the category "labor potential" brings to the enterprise unique evaluation system for employees and can be used to indicate the purpose and meaning of work activities within the company – kind of a motivating factor
232 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF THE REGULATING ROLE OF THE STATE IN LAND RESOURCES OF AGRICULTURAL PURPOSE

abstract 1341710087 issue 134 pp. 1066 – 1082 29.12.2017 ru 96
The purpose of this article is an evolutionary analysis of the regulatory role of the state land resources in the agrarian sphere of Russia; researches have been carried out on the use of agricultural land in the period of economic transformation, problems are identified both at the federal and the territorial level of the subject of the Russian Federation. Recommendations for solving the identified problems are suggested
333 kb

PROBLEMS OF DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL BUSINESS IN AGRICULTURE, THE WAYS OF THEIR SOLUTION

abstract 1341710091 issue 134 pp. 1117 – 1134 29.12.2017 ru 117
The article presents theoretical and practical provisions for improvement of small business in agriculture: - two blocks of small businesses’ features in agriculture are justified: the first block is related to the sectoral specifics and its characteristic for both large and small forms of management, while the second block is exclusively associated with the specific characteristics of small business; - the forecast of small business development in agriculture is calculated, according to which the number of farms can decrease insignificantly. The number of cattle and cows in farms will increase, meanwhile it will decrease in private households; the number of sheep in the farms may slightly decrease, while at the same time the number of sheep in the households will increase; the number of birds in farms can increase, while it will decrease at households. The article presents the forecast of volumes and structure of small business, in accordance with which: the dynamics of households’ farming can increase both in crop and livestock production; the dynamics of production in farms will be observed, the structure of production by forms of management will remain unchanged; specific share of agricultural production by types in small farms is justified. Measures of improving the subsidizing and lending mechanism for small business and CRTs in agriculture are justified
632 kb

MODELS AND METHODS OF EVALUATING TECHNOLOGIES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF CROP PRODUCTION): SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION AND MAIN RESULTS

abstract 1341710104 issue 134 pp. 1293 – 1321 29.12.2017 ru 79
Production and processing of grains formed in the national economic system of the country a number of cereals-governmental sectors, such as grain production, grain elevator industry, flour, cereals and mixed fodder production, which constitute the grain complex country. The significance and role of the grain as a commodity in the state economy can not be overestimated. This product is totally liquid, which has a constant, steady demand at any time of the year, in any region. Ongoing measures to increase grain production and improve its implementation did not have a complex character, therefore, insignificant effect on the efficiency of the industry and the competitiveness of grain production. The shortage was covered by imports. According to the characteristics of management in agriculture, it should be emphasized that the absence of objective and timely information at all stages of production of the plant-breeding, and as a result, non-optimal choice of technology of cultivation of agricultural crops, might result in the fact that the cost of labor and material resources increases significantly, the company does not receive profits, and sometimes suffers losses. When selecting cultivation technology for agricultural crops, an agronomist has a database of more than a hundred times-personal of alternative technologies for each crop. It is up to the decision-maker (DMP) to find specific criteria to select the most suitable (for the owners and the climatic zone) technology of cultivating for the culture. These circumstances explain the relevance of in-depth research of economic and mathematical models and methods of analysis and evaluation of the economic efficiency of technologies of cultivation agricultural crops. The article deals with the process of developing a complex of mathematical models and methods for evaluating alternative technologies for agricultural production (using the example of crop production), their software implementation, and the main scientific results of the project
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