Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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abstract 1331709065 issue 133 pp. 862 – 872 30.11.2017 ru 508
Subjects of Russia are not uniform on composition, structure and security with financial resources, respectively, on the level of economic development. Therefore, the search of an objective indicator for distribution and redistribution of financial resources has resulted in the idea of use of the value of tax potential of the region, which is used in foreign practice since 80s. It can be widely used both in the intrabudgetary relations, and in regional budgetary and tax systems within the regional analysis of management of development of the territory. This indicator is of great importance for regional authorities as the value of tax potential determines the value of incomes of the regional budget and, therefore, a possibility of implementation by regional bodies of their functions. Based on the analysis of the value of tax potential, its actual use, the scientific and methodological validity of final decisions on management of the region and, in particular, in the sphere of tax policy is increased
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abstract 1331709067 issue 133 pp. 883 – 892 30.11.2017 ru 136
In this work, prerequisites of processes of globalization of economies which source, according to authors, is the scientific and technological revolution of the XVIIIXIX century of century are considered. Dissemination of new technologies led to the international labor division, and emergence of information technologies promoted to increase in speed of communications, deleting of economic borders between the countries. A specific place in processes of globalization is held by space technologies by means of which there was a possibility of exchange of information between various consumers and the companies, which are in the different countries and continents. Based on the carriedout analysis, it is revealed that in the conditions of globalization pressure of group of industrially developed countries upon the rest of the world for the purpose of imposing of a certain model of their existence by the rest amplifies. The tool in competition are new technologies which help to drive the national companies out of the local markets. A special role in the course of globalization is played by information and space technologies of communication and broadcasting. Only competitive hi-tech productions focused on perspective technological ways can resist to influence of the international corporations. According to authors, distribution of innovative technologies has to contribute to the uniform development of all countries, formation of the multipolar world, the excluding domination of any country or the international group
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abstract 1331709070 issue 133 pp. 924 – 935 30.11.2017 ru 102
Production and processing of grains have formed a number of cereals-governmental sectors in the national economic system of the country, such as grain production, grain elevator industry, flour, cereals and mixed fodder production, which constitute the grain complex country. The significance and the role of the grain as a commodity in the state economy can not be overestimated. This product is totally liquid; it has a constant, steady demand at any time of the year, in any region. Ongoing measures to increase grain production and improve its implementation did not have a complex character, therefore, insignificant effect on the efficiency of the industry and the competitiveness of grain production. The shortage was covered by imports. According to the characteristics of management in agriculture, it should be especially emphasized that the lack of objective and timely information at all stages of crop production, and, as a consequence, the adoption of suboptimal management decisions, leads to the fact that labor and material resources increase substantially, the enterprise receives less profit , and sometimes incurs losses.When selecting cultivation technology for agricultural crops, an agronomist has a database of more than a hundred times-personal of alternative technologies for each crop. It is up to the decision-maker (DMP) to find specific criteria to select the most suitable (for the owners and the climatic zone) technology of cultivating for the culture. These circumstances explain the relevance of in-depth research of economic and mathematical models and methods of analysis and evaluation of the economic efficiency of technologies of cultivation agricultural crops. The article deals with the task of developing and implementing a specialized software package for the task of managing technological processes in crop production with the goal of improving the quality, efficiency and validity of management decisions
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abstract 1331709072 issue 133 pp. 960 – 982 30.11.2017 ru 239
In the article, we have considered indicators for assessing import dependency by key characteristics of industrial production (technology, raw materials, equipment). The work shows necessity of the transition from determining the level of import dependence for individual characteristics to determine its overall (integrated) assessment. It presents the criteria of evaluation of technical, technological, raw material import dependence of production. We have developed a model of calculation of the generalized indicators of evaluation of level of import dependency of production. The proposed Toolkit allows using an expert way to assess the level of import dependence of production of various types of products. In this comprehensive assessment, it takes into account the dependence of the acquired import of components, raw materials and borrowed technologies, and the extent of use of imported equipment. The use of indicators characterizing the degree of dependence of production on foreign technology and equipment is very important in the conditions of modernization and technical re-equipment of production
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abstract 1331709073 issue 133 pp. 983 – 997 30.11.2017 ru 124
The article explores the problems of improving the efficiency of supply and sales activities of agricultural producers; the set of events to improve the efficiency of supply and sales activities is presented by three main groups, the first of which is associated with the development of infrastructure support (it extends the opportunities of economic entities by selecting the best channels and timing of the implementation of the production and acquirement of resources), the second is associated with the development of the sale and supply cooperatives (it allows you to consolidate your interests, to minimize distribution costs and provides more favorable conditions of realization of production and purchase of material resources), the third is associated with the increase of management efficiency of supply and sales activities (it ensures the growth of efficiency and quality of the most adopted managerial decisions, minimizes risks and mistakes in the choice of behavior model an economic entity on the market) it justifies the thesis that the increase in the efficiency of the supply and sale activities at the economic entity level resulted from the development of information system management, eventually, will bring additional direct and indirect economic benefits is justified, the methodology of the basis of optimal logistics centers' network that implements potato storage and pre-sale preparation functions, which at the first stage involves defining the volume of commercial potato in terms of districts, at the second stage - justifying potentially advantageous placement of logistics centers taking into account the location of transport hubs and the production volume of potato in the surrounding areas, at the third stage - working out of the economic and mathematical model for optimization of logistics centers taking into account the different level of security requirements storages while minimizing traffic volumes of potatoes put in storage
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abstract 1331709074 issue 133 pp. 998 – 1012 30.11.2017 ru 119
The article deals with the organization of the management of development of agro-economic systems at various levels, assesses the existing approaches to the localization of the management object in relation to agroeconomic systems, points out that agriculture is most often designated as managed subsystems as a part of the national economy, agro-voluntary complexes as territorial-sectoral formations of different levels, cluster type structures, integrated agro-industrial structures and allied other types of agricultural producers, farms of different categories, agricultural production and agrarian potential of rural areas conclude that radical economic reforms have led to the destruction of the agro-industrial complex as a single entity of public administration and transformation of a multilevel system of management of agricultural production and caused the loss of controllability of the agrarian sector, it is pointed out that the restoration of manageability by agricultural production can be it is ensured by consolidating the efforts of all economic agents of agrarian relations: the state (federal, regional and municipal authorities), branch unions and associations, corporate integrated units, consumer cooperatives and economic entities of all categories (agricultural organizations, peasant (farm) households, farms population), describes a set of principles governing the process of forming the management system of agricultural production, the results are given systematization of management tasks, the essence of the management mechanism is revealed, it is proved that, due to the generality of management functions and a certain uniformity of managerial activity, the similarity of information flows ensuring the rational interrelation of subjects and management objects in the process of realizing these functions is observed, and a certain level of typicality of information flows creates objective prerequisites for the formation of a typical system of information support for the management of economic entities of specific types
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abstract 1331709079 issue 133 pp. 1079 – 1093 30.11.2017 ru 166
The article analyzes the development of the insurance with state support and the dynamics of the volume of subsidies for compensation of part of expenses of agricultural producers for payment of insurance premiums accrued in the contract of agricultural insurance. We have identified structural and logical connection of the elements in the modern system of support regional development programs of agriculture. We have also observed accompanying the process of state support of the problem. The authors state that it requires new methodological approaches to determination of loss (death) of the crop for the payment of insurance claims
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abstract 1331709081 issue 133 pp. 1114 – 1125 30.11.2017 ru 209
The article examines the socio-psychological, sociological, and psychological methods of management and also creation of a favorable psychological climate in the team and methods of influence on the staff. The evaluation of the system of management and incentives of staff was performed on the example of Bezopasnost company
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abstract 1331709092 issue 133 pp. 1220 – 1230 30.11.2017 ru 148
Most of the tasks of planning and organizing transport routes are pointed to solving optimization problems on graphs in multi-criteria statements, for which the only optimal solution is missing. In conditions of multicriteria, it becomes necessary to search for a set of alternatives instead of an optimum. The quality of the admissible solutions is estimated by the vector objective function. The article proposes to investigate the problem using a special class of graphs - prefractal graphs, which allow describing in a natural way the structure of the hierarchy of territorial links, as well as enable to take into account structural dynamics in terms of system growth. A multicriteria mathematical formulation of the problem of covering a prefractal graph by simple intersecting chains is constructed, to which the investigated problem of organizing routes in large-scale transport networks reduces. The main social and economic requirements for the transport system are formulated and included in the model in the form of criteria
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abstract 1331709111 issue 133 pp. 1262 – 1279 30.11.2017 ru 100
The article presents theoretical and practical provisions for improvement of small business in agriculture: two blocks of small businesses’ features in agriculture are justified: first block is related to the sectoral specifics and its characteristic for both large and small forms of management; while second block is exclusively associated with the specific characteristics of small business; the forecast of small business development in agriculture is calculated, according to which the number of farms can decrease insignificantly; the number of cattle and cows in farms will increase, meanwhile it will decrease in private households; the number of sheep in the farms may slightly decrease, while at the same time the number of sheep in the households will increase; the number of birds in farms can increase, while it will decrease at households. This article presents the forecast of volumes and structure of small business, in accordance with which: the dynamics of households’ farming can increase both in crop and livestock production; the dynamics of production in farms will be observed, the structure of production by forms of management will remain unchanged; specific share of agricultural production by types in small farms is justified. Measures of improving the subsidizing and lending mechanism for small business and CRTs in agriculture are justified