Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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abstract 1111507024 issue 111 pp. 427 – 438 30.09.2015 ru 614
The archetypes of knights and nobility are alive and exist nowadays. The question is how this influence is carried out qualitatively and quantitatively as far as it is obvious and what ways of its influence. We will consider interaction of the medal organizations with society and penetration of their archetypes in centuries today. The fullest concept of the Award was developed now by Maxim Kalashnikov (Kucherenko Vladimir Aleksandrovich). And the purpose of it of "An award of new sword-bearers" is revival of Russia, as independent imperial state. It is possible to assume that the word "Award" turns on some mechanisms hidden in us leading to realization of its archetype, and then and its development, so to speak "germination of seeds" in centuries, and even the millennia. As the material carrier of archetypes various structures can act. For example, it can be the genetic level which is shown in a complex, multicircuit and multilevel structure of human mentality, so and a brain. It can be also field structures which accumulate information and in which a brain of the person only the send-receive device and the antenna, proceeding from that, for example, that the nature of planetary superreason is the integrated association of physical fields what in due time V.I. Vernadsky closely approached
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abstract 1111507025 issue 111 pp. 439 – 460 30.09.2015 ru 648
The archetype question especially sharply rises in connection with studying of elite communities. As the base, or speaking informatics language, as the archetype carrier, various structures having various natures can act. One of such structures is the historical consciousness which represents set of ideas, the views, feelings, representations, moods reflecting perception and an assessment of the past in all its variety inherent and characteristic both for society in general and for various demographic, social and professional and ethnographic groups, and also certain people. Historical memory, in fact, is expression of process of the organization, preservation and reproduction of last experience of the people, the country, state for its possible use in activity of people and for return of its influence to the sphere of public consciousness. Thus, historical memory not only is staticized, but also selective and personified. Therefore the knowledge of possible ways of development is extremely important at turns of eras as at entry into the critical period all system is in unstable situation, and, therefore, micro history, along with the archetypes occurring in historical consciousness, historical and cultural memory can play the solving both positive, and negative roles
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abstract 1111507078 issue 111 pp. 1227 – 1240 30.09.2015 ru 621
Hereby we substantiate the necessity of social philosophical analysis of power phenomena as due to power relations' change a human being and his values also transform. A knowledge convertation into power recourse has become a reason for authority humanization and democracy thus leading to total humans enslavement. People's intentions in aims achievement, their effectiveness and high level of organization let the authority not only manage them but also produce «obedient bodies». The authority area or in other words «focused» territory, or already experienced human activities and existing terms grow and widens. New social benefits and mobile shapes disconnected with «place» and territory appear. Thus, the «authority deterritorization» leads to the responsibility refusal for any actions and effective management consequences. New authority shapes start being exhibited as total control abolishment, where a person gains absolute choice of freedom solving his vital problems but without being supplied with choice bases. In today's world an authority, whose mission is to protect humans from anarchy, chooses risk as a new management paradigm. The mentioned reasons' entity depersonalizes the power relations where not only subordinates but also authorities become impersonal, where «authority subjects disappear». The contemporary authority research works by Alvin Toffler, Michel Foucault, Sigmund Bauman, focusing at power relations, determine the authority nature as an indefinite, newly shape taking and remoted from its final research definition
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abstract 1101506016 issue 110 pp. 263 – 274 30.06.2015 ru 821
The problem of correlation of senses and notions in the science, their substitution and the birth of so-called pseudo knowledge is the issue which is more than ever burning in our times of perturbations and big changes. Biological sciences could not avoid these problems as well. All the more so because they stayed for many years under significant pressure of the ruling ideology of those times, of the state and of the governing party machineries. That is exactly why Darwinism as such requires a profound analysis in terms of contemporary achievements of the science, inclusive of philosophy. The analysis of knowledge which is available now and has been accumulated for many centuries of development of the biological science allows finding logical contradictions, possible substitutions of sense platforms, i.e. the birth of pseudo knowledge, which needs to be ascertained and suppressed. The appearance of such branch of the science as biophilosophy exceedingly aggravated the situation due to a number of big methodological shortcomings of this branch which still remains to be a non-science. As it cannot facilitate studying the organic world and, the other way round, even confuses such studying by applying an anthropomorphous matrix to the world, while the ethic and the aesthetic cannot only be attributed to the human mind, the situation becomes pretty complicated. At the same time, the philosophic envelope of the biological science is often filled with various kinds of ideology which makes no contribution to the objectivity of knowledge
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abstract 1101506017 issue 110 pp. 275 – 292 30.06.2015 ru 656
Studying the archetype of elitism is extremely important to correctly assess the direction of historical development of the state. This provides the possibility for reasonable buildup of the state domestic and foreign policy and presents the base for constructive development of the methodology of scientific cognition in the field of politology, philosophy and history. However, as the human is a complex biological system, many aspects of the human social activities are based on and conditioned by genetic potential of the human. The study provides definition of the elite and elite communities. It sais that the whole course of the history is eventually a positive or a negative interaction of elites. Nevertheless, the appearance and functioning of any elite is only possible and understandable in the context of some particular civilization, country or in a specific period of time. If the elites are taken out of the historical context, they get a nonmaterial and mythical status. If the archetype of elitism already moving along the time axis for many hundreds and even thousands of years is present, now we can observe the qualitative change of the contemporary elite along with the change of its functions and its purpose itself. On the one hand, we can observe the process of old elites degeneration; on the other hand – new elite formations keep to appear which can be essentially different from their antecedents and have other functions and purpose
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abstract 1101506018 issue 110 pp. 293 – 308 30.06.2015 ru 782
Creation of a new educational institution is always a big event. However, educational institutions do not use to appear in a spontaneous and unexpected way. Such appearance requires public necessity and expedience. In this very way, the institute of veterinary was created in Vitebsk in its time in 1924 and later transformed to Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine which became one of the leading higher schools in this industry in USSR and the only educational institution in this specialty in the Republic of Belarus. The article covers such aspects of the academy work as involving students in the scientific activities and the book culture. Another issue of the article is development of auxiliary departments, such as economics, politology and philosophy, economic history and theory, computer literacy, the work of which make an indispensable contribution to education of a comprehensively developed specialist capable of professional growth and improvement. Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, with due regard for the experience accumulated by it, is the leader in formation of highly educated and skilled specialists in the field of veterinary medicine and biotechnology and in training of comprehensively competent experts as well, who have got noble moral and ethical principles and obtained substantial knowledge in humanities, who can convert this knowledge from theory into practice as appropriate
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abstract 1101506061 issue 110 pp. 928 – 938 30.06.2015 ru 604
It is interesting for interdisciplinary understanding of game phenomena, how the concept of the game discourse can operate in different non-playing contexts. Researching of game concept allows tracing the figurative conceptualization knowledge of this universal phenomenon. The author uses a lot of examples to prove that game phenomenon represents itself in a language and has been reflected in the mind of people. It is shown, that lingvo-culturological concept of the game has more productive metaphorical rethinking. We single out the most important characteristics of game, explain some imaginations about gaming, explicate dominant sense of game freedom, its choice, imitation, dynamic and emotional stress, agonistic, risk, unpredictability and others attribute the symptoms. Represented contexts of usage also illustrate communicative and social components of gaming behavior. Dominant meanings, key ideas, that unite viewed image, actualize basic principles that are typical for the game phenomenon in common, and the specific characteristics of different types of games (sport, children, gambling, theater, computer, etc.)
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abstract 1091505032 issue 109 pp. 541 – 559 29.05.2015 ru 837
The article is devoted to the well-known American logician and teacher A. Korzybski, the activity of which was aimed at enhancing the human psyche in the direction of non-identification and non-elementalizm. He called the proposed section of the science of General semantics, and later he created Institute of General semantics in the United States. Scientists believe that human consciousness is limited by the capability of the nervous system and by the use of language. Korzybski supposed his pedagogical purpose to teach people to improve the awareness of abstraction, the ability to see the structure, not only empirical fact. To distinguish between the structures of abstraction it introduces the concept of «map» - a diagram model, any ideological system, all that is formulated people. Korzybski denies the law of identity, which is a global challenge to the laws of thinking: «Whatever you say the thing is, it isn’t». He uses this idea not as a universal code, but as a teaching method for people able to find the way to think under conditions of uncertainty and probability. It is so called «modus operandi» for changing people’s way of thinking. In his work, Science and Sanity, he presents his technique; develop an understanding of his «non-aristotelian» system, which includes the incertainty, nonlocality, nonlinearity, the dependence of the environment. In this regard, it offers every statement be considered as a probability. So every statement must be considered as a probabilistic statement. A. Korzybsky and some modern scientists see the permanent uncertainty not like a problem but a tremendous opportunity for creation and research. In «non-aristotelian» Korzybsky’s theory we have to see the opportunity as the first reality and personal activity as the best language
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abstract 1091505037 issue 109 pp. 608 – 623 29.05.2015 ru 571
The article revises the classical nature/culture opposition from the point of new discoveries and studies of "cultural traditions" that were found in nature in different species (bees, ants, birds, monkeys, etc.). Special attention is given to the socially mediated mechanisms of inheritance and learning, considered particular cognitive foundations of cultural traditions. A number of studies have shown that the main feature of culture that exists in the human community is its cumulative nature. Cumulativeness is characterized by the ability to social development that is based on the consideration, accumulation and improvement of the achievements of previous generations and on distributed actions resulting from the increasing complexity of knowledge and social activities. Considering examples of the origin and development of means of communication, creation of new tools and "technology" of their usage, scientists show that small cumulative effects are presented in nature. In this regard, the work moderates categorical statements, according to which "cultural traditions" in nature have only accumulative and no cumulative characteristics. The article shows the necessary individual cognitive prerequisites for the origin of such cumulative culture. It is also argued that for an explanation of that origin the study of the social grounds of the communication are required, furthermore, there is necessity to take into account the various manifestations of "social intelligence" that is significant for formation of inter-subjective knowledge and "social memory". It is presupposed that the cumulative nature of the evolution is essential not only for sociocultural but also for other genetic and non-genetic inheritance systems
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abstract 1091505062 issue 109 pp. 913 – 924 29.05.2015 ru 818
The article is devoted to the analysis of representations of hierarchical structure of the universe in ancient Greek mythic-epic tradition. In the research there was shown that the myth reflects the main program of interpretation of main principles of the universe by a man in its structure; the Chaos in itself possesses the generative power and forms an order from itself but the hierarchy appears together with the formation of the order-outer space. The first deities – Gaea and born from her Uranus, mountains, Pontus, - possess the great power and in the first place, the power of generation. From works of Gomer and Gesiodus we ascertained that the history of gods was connected with the fight of children with the father-sovereign. One generation of gods became that support on which the other stands. The third generation of gods is sovereigns in greater extent than another one. The generation of Titans is implacable but lives according to unlimited forces of nature. Titans are unbridled. Gods-Olympians, on contrary, have the relation to conscious restriction. Gods of the third generation possess passions: love, hate. However, Olympians as well as humans must submit to transcendental law of the universe. Gods of the third generation join to the rationale. The order of the universe submitted to the law – Destiny is disseminated in human community. Power as an accidental of initial hierarchy gives itself in hands of that who can submit its will to absolute power of Destiny. The legitimacy of power is determined by initial hierarchy of the universe