Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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188 kb

LEVEL CONTROL METHODS OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF ACTIVITY-BASICS LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION

abstract 1241610086 issue 124 pp. 1327 – 1341 30.12.2016 ru 330
The article is devoted to the evaluation means of formation of professional competence, provided by traditional and innovative methods of control. The main differences between competence, knowledge and skills are examined. It expands one of the major challenges of high school, which consists in bridging the gap between "Knowledge" paradigm of teaching content and professionally meaningful results. We describe the changes that have occurred after the transfer of knowledge and skills approach to competence, manifested in the shift from learning content to the results of the training activity. Also the differences between the Federal state educational standards of different generations are considered in detail. The article deals with the system-activity approach as the basis of Federal state educational standard of higher education and its effectiveness in the implementation of the goals established by the standard. Also the main components of the educational process which have their own characteristics in the system-activity approach are discussed in detail. It is about teaching methods that can be applied within the framework of the components described for the formation of various professional competences. Particular attention is paid to control, description of various innovative control methods that help evaluate the level of professional competence development. The analysis described training methods and control methods which allowed revealing which methods of control are able to assess the level of professional competence. The analysis described training methods and control methods, which revealed what methods of control are able to assess the level of professional competence development
554 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFICALLYEDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE UNIVERSITY ON THE BASIS OF REENGINEERING

abstract 1231609043 issue 123 pp. 640 – 649 30.11.2016 ru 768
The subject of the article is a scientific and educational potential of a modern University. From the standpoint of the essential ontological approach, the author identifies the conditions for capacity building, discusses the complex of measures on increase of its capacity, and describes the conditions of its further diversification. The inductive-deductive method allows one to grasp the essence of innovative proposals for capacity development, which is the reengineering that is treated as an important factor of socio-economic development of modern society. Reengineering helps to actualize the partnerships, to reevaluate the social mission of the University, namely to improve the provision of scientific work force, strengthening competitiveness on the world market of knowledge. As an innovative technology reengineering contributing to the successful development of scientific-educational potential as a radical change of the information model, as a radical redesign of the critical processes in the system of classical education
210 kb

ACADEMIC WRITING IN ENGLISH IN A RUSSIAN UNIVERSITY: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

abstract 1231609049 issue 123 pp. 742 – 762 30.11.2016 ru 359
The article analyses the difficulties brought about by the introduction into the curricula of many Russian universities a new educational practice – Academic Writing in English. The difficulties are grouped into the following categories: the ones which are rooted in the old Soviet-Russian lingua - didactic tradition of teaching foreign languages; the ones which are connected with a low level of prestige of research work among students and some of their teachers; the ones which are specific to a particular educational establishment, and as the survey reveals, they are mostly caused by the complicated nature of the subject Academic Writing. The algorithm of action suggested for the syllabus design includes the analysis of objective and subjective difficulties; analysis of the needs of the target audience; and the introduction into the teaching process specifically designed for the course materials. Survey results prove that following the algorithm has significantly raised the students’ level of satisfaction with the difficult course. The measures, aiming to improve the course, have facilitated the attainment of the course goal, saving time and effort for students and their teachers
174 kb

SIMULATION SOFTWARE AND DIAGNOSTIC SOPROVOZHDENIYA OF THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION OF CADETS OF THE MARITIME UNIVERSITY

abstract 1231609061 issue 123 pp. 887 – 901 30.11.2016 ru 396
In modern conditions there is a particularly acute problem of activization of the human factor, the maximum use of human abilities to achieve higher results of professional activity. The solution to this problem is vested in the vocational education system, whose main objective is to provide training and education a qualified professional of the appropriate level and profile, competitive on the labor market, ready for professional growth, social and professional mobility. It is directly connected with the problem of further improving the management of the process of formation of personality of a future marine technician, a factor which is a professional orientation. According to the authors, the current practice of training specialists of Maritime transport requires the presence of the model of software and diagnostic support of the process of formation of professional orientation. The article proposes this model, which is built from the position of system-activity, competence, software design and diagnostic approaches, and includes: conceptual-target block (the wording of the goal, objectives, fundamental contradictions of concepts and ideas); content and process unit (design target of the program "Orientation and professionalism"; the definition of pedagogical conditions); procedure block (teaching in the target program; methods of learning; stages of learning (input, intermediate, final); monitoring of the level of formation of professional orientation); productive unit (criteria, indicators, levels)
152 kb

PRAGMATIC ASPECT OF SEMIOTIC APPROACH TO FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING AT HIGHER SCHOOL

abstract 1231609075 issue 123 pp. 1077 – 1090 30.11.2016 ru 265
The success of communication in the learning environment is provided by the organization of educational process in such a way, when it is most comfortable for students to demonstrate their knowledge and for teachers to control this knowledge. Semiotic approach allows taking into account the diversity of individual intelligence profiles within a particular educational system. Such an approach includes the selection of the content, the organization of students’ activities and the system of assessment. The development of cognitive competencies allows teachers to eliminate the difficulties which can be caused by the large amount of information, its comprehension and the ability of students to express their opinion by means of complex linguistic structures. The semiotic approach involves the use of variant and invariant tasks that can ensure the success of the situation for students with different levels of training. The assessment technology is based on the principle of semiotic result. It is realized through the use of score-rating system, which is applied within the current, intermediate and final control. This system enables the students to receive a total positive rating for a certain period of training. As a result, such a student avoids taking the exam. It creates a positive motivation for students to learn foreign languages without a stressful component of assessment, which results in a high efficiency of the educational process
147 kb

THE PROBLEM OF INDIVIDUALIZATION IN TEACHING IN MODERN CONDITIONS

abstract 1231609142 issue 123 pp. 2124 – 2135 30.11.2016 ru 457
One of the main trends of the modern education modernization is its aim to develop the students' individuality. The development of the students' individuality assumes implementation of an individualization principle in teaching. In this work, on the basis of the analysis of main historical and modern definitions of a concept «individualization in teaching» we have identified the following functions: adaptation, developing, realization. Based on these functions the maintenance of the concept of individualization in teaching is specified in modern conditions. The development of the individualization in teaching issues is particularly relevant at a higher degree of basic education, because the individualization of learning at the senior high school is consistent with the age peculiarities of senior high school students. Because of the identified functions, purposes of individualization in teaching at a higher degree of basic education are specified
124 kb

ABOUT SOME ASPECTS OF THE FORMATION PROCESS OF MORAL AND COMBAT CADETS’ FEATURES OF RUSSIA’S HIGHER MILITARY SCHOOLS

abstract 1231609012 issue 123 pp. 204 – 213 30.11.2016 ru 586
The article deals with the peculiarities of the formation process of moral and combat cadets’ qualities and specific features of training for active service in peacetime or in times of conflict. Cadets’ moral qualities are presented as special moral orientation of personality inherent in soldiers’ moral character traits, as well as their worldview, ideals and other socially beneficial interests, their sense of duty, patriotism, internationalism, hatred for external and internal enemies, self-sacrifice, personal responsibility for their Homeland. An attempt has been made to investigate the moral and psychological development of cadets, to study the process of cadets’ upbringing by their direct and superior commanders
201 kb

ON ONE OF THE APPROACHES TO ENHANCING THE MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS TO EDUCATIONAL AND EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES THROUGH THE RATING SYSTEM

abstract 1221608052 issue 122 pp. 747 – 756 31.10.2016 ru 295
The problems of increasing the motivation of students of organizations of secondary vocational education and higher education to educational and training activities is due to the use of score-rating approach to recording achievements. The article examines factors that have a negative impact on training and outside training activities, such as TV entertainment, online games, social networks. We consider the activities that have a positive impact on the educational and training activities outside, such as volunteer work, scientific work, socially useful activity. We analyze the advantages and disadvantages of traditional approaches to increase the motivation of students on the basis of a three-level scholarships. The article reveals problems of placing information on the ranking of students in online news sites on educational organizations and media stands. The problems associated with the "transparent" scheme of formation of students rated by forming a student's portfolio have been considered as well. We have given a scheme of a fixed valuation of activities of pupils in points and a formula for calculating the scholarships for student achievements in education and trainings, as well as in volunteer activities. An example of the appearance of a prototype automated system for recording pupils' achievements has been presented. The article also shows data on the implementation of the prototype in educational institutions
112 kb

PREPARING SEVENTH-GRADERS FOR THE PROOF WHEN TEACHING GEOMETRY

abstract 1221608066 issue 122 pp. 952 – 959 31.10.2016 ru 297
The article describes the basic terms and tools of the organization of training preparing students for independent implementation of a deductive proof in the seventh grade
123 kb

ADAPTATION OF GRADUATES OF AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES FOR PROFESSIONAL WORK

abstract 1221608074 issue 122 pp. 1075 – 1083 31.10.2016 ru 453
The article highlights the issues of preparation of college graduates to the profession, to a market economy and the labor market; economic and social integration of young people includes the formation of professional qualities, commitment to quality work, a positive attitude to the changes in the production, teamwork, entrepreneurial development abilities, initiative and responsibility. The essence of psycho-pedagogical support was revealed. In psychological and educational literature, a psycho-pedagogical support is regarded as a system of professional activity which provides the creation of conditions for successful human adaptation to its conditions of life; psycho-pedagogical support of the educational process includes pedagogical and psychological patterns of training and education, tried and tested techniques and technologies, experience of teaching staff in practice. The aim of psycho-pedagogical support in terms of vocational education is to create an enabling environment for a successful personal development, ensuring social and professional self-determination, self-realization and the formation, preservation of psychological health of participants in the educational process. The work of the graduates to adapt to the professional activity was carried out on the basis of GAOU JSC SPA "Chernoyarsky provincial College" in the Astrakhan region
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