Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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192 kb

MONITORING OF THE CANICOLA FEVER IN POPULATION OF CATTLE AND WILD FAUNA OF THE AMUR REGION

abstract 1251701031 issue 125 pp. 464 – 473 31.01.2017 ru 56
The article presents results of researches of authors on prevalence of a canicola fever in populations of cattle and wild rodents in the Amur region. The research objective consisted in studying of etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle and establishment of the dominating canicola fever originator serotypes at the rodents living in the Amur region. Results of researches showed that in etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle in the Amur region the admixed serogroups and a serogroup of Sejroe dominate. The natural reservoir of a canicola fever in the Amur region are populations of gophers, chipmunks, muskrats and voles. The highest percent of the infected individuals is taped in population of gophers (57,1 %). Level of contamination of animals in populations of muskrats and chipmunks made 20 and 17,6 % respectively. Contamination the canicola fever originator in populations of voles was at the level of 8-9 %
143 kb

PRECLINICAL STUDIES OF PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF A NEW DRUG URITOSOM FOR THE TREATMENT AND PREVENTION DISEASES OF GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

abstract 1241610056 issue 124 pp. 852 – 861 30.12.2016 ru 81
In this study, the authors have defined the acute, subchronic and chronic toxicity of Uritosom preparation, and also its skin-irritating and sensitizing action. The studies that determined the acute toxicity of the drug Uritosom found that remedy which intended for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the genitourinary system with internal method of appointment during the entire observation period did not cause the death and acute toxicity in laboratory animals. In the study of subchronic and chronic toxicity of the drug Uritosom throughout the observation period in both experimental groups death and acute intoxication in animals not registered, also there were no negative phenomena in behavior, reflexes were saved. Consequently, the preparation according to the degree of impact on the body of warm-blooded animals refers to low-hazard substances (4th class of hazard according to GOST 12.1.007-76). Study of the irritant action of Uritosom preparation was carried out in two series of experiments. In the first series of experiments was determined irritating action by conjunctival swab sampling method, in the second - by skin application. The study of the sensitizing action of the drug was determined by the method of maximum sensitizing effects. The authors have found that the preparation has no irritating and sensitizing effect on the tissue in its application zone. On this basis, Uritosom preparation at different ways of application is low-toxic and it can be recommended for clinical research
284 kb

USE OF FLUCONAZOLE FOR TREATMENT OF CHRONIC ENDOMETRITIS AT COWS

abstract 1241610057 issue 124 pp. 862 – 874 30.12.2016 ru 80
That article is of interest to practicing veterinarians. Currently, the biggest obstacle in the development of dairy farming is infertility at cows, which is caused by the presence of diseases of the reproductive organs, most of which is occupied by acute and chronic endometritis. The frequency of occurrence of chronic endometritis at cows reaches high levels, from 10 to 66.3%, averaging 14%. One of the direct causes of chronic endometritis is association of pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms and fungi. Many chemotherapeutic agents which are designed for prophylaxis and treatment of acute postpartum endometritis do not give a high therapeutic effect in the treatment of chronic endometritis or amount and frequency of application drugs is very high. Analyzing the data, the authors developed a new drug which has fungicidal and antibacterial actions - Florinazol. The experiments showed that the use the Florinazol preparation in combination with myotropic, pathogenetic and vitamin preparations gives 90% of therapeutic efficiency, while the frequency of administration of the drug was on average 3 fold, and the duration of treatment was 5 days
211 kb

EXPERIENCE OF USING NATURAL MINERAL COMPOUNDS FOR METABOLIC DISORDERS IN CATTLE

abstract 1241610069 issue 124 pp. 1065 – 1084 30.12.2016 ru 65
In this study we show the results of the use of natural mineral compounds in metabolic disorders in cattle-breeding complexes of industrial type. According to official data for 2013-2015, based on the biochemical analysis of blood of cattle, that was held in some farms of Samara region, significant metabolic disorders were determined due to decrease in total protein level on 31,5% in average, decrease in alkali reserve – on 26,9% of samples, decrease in calcium concentration – on 40,7%, decrease of the phosphorus – on 8,1%, decrease in carotene – on 81,7% and glucose – on 84,3% of studies. Clinical examination of herd revealed a high level of animals with obvious signs of mineral metabolism disorders (osteodystrophy and rickets of alimentary origin) and comorbidity (nutritional anemia, gastroenteritis, pneumonia, disturbance of protein, carbohydrate and vitamin metabolism, and others). The use of complex natural compounds improves the efficiency of the traditional complex of treatment and prophylaxis, causing an increase in the total concentration of calcium in the blood serum on 10-55%, increase in calcium-phosphorus ratio till 1,27-2,3, increase in annual growth rate of young animals’ body weight on 8,2-44,8%, increase in milk production on 5,9-16,3%. Preparations have an antianemic action, normalize indicators of micronutrient metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates, enhance non-specific resistance factors and prevent the development of non-contagious internal pathology
151 kb

DISTRIBUTION AND SPECIES COMPOSITION OF PECTORIS AND RHODOCOCCUS

abstract 1241610081 issue 124 pp. 1282 – 1291 30.12.2016 ru 20
There are numerous reports about the possibility of sensitization to tuberculin animals when infected with pectoris and Rhodococcus and it is considered to be expedient to create one monoallergenov to differentiate allergic reactions. In this context, the spread of pectoris and Rhodococcus in nature, the general physico-chemical and biological properties of mycobacteria, increasingly emerging reports of a possible sensitization of the microorganism, require a detailed study of them in order to determine the specificity of allergy
278 kb

THE FACTORS PROMOTING DISTRIBUTION AND UROLITIAZ'S DEVELOPMENT IN CATS

abstract 1231609020 issue 123 pp. 308 – 317 30.11.2016 ru 112
The authors were conducting researches on 36 unhealthy cats in a veterinary clinic in Orenburg, from 2014 till 2016, and they were diagnosed the urolithiasis. By the results of the researches, the influence of a season of year, age and breed on distribution and development of an urolithiasis disease in cats has been studied. At the same time, it is established that the urolithiasis disease usually occurs at cats from 2 up to 6 years, which makes 45,0% of all the studied animals. A disease outbreak at cats was observed during summer and autumn periods, generally, not purebred animals - 75% are subject to the disease, the rest 25% is such breeds as the British, Persian, Bengalese, Scottish; in addition, the influence of an unbalanced diet, non-compliance with the norms and the mode of feeding is noted
266 kb

TREATMENT OF CHRONIC ENDOMETRITIS WITH THE NEW DRUG FLORINAZOL

abstract 1231609070 issue 123 pp. 1011 – 1025 30.11.2016 ru 107
In the article data on spread of chronic endometritises at cows are provided. The microflora range, being in genitals of patients with a chronic endometritis of cows is determined. We have developed a new drug called Florinazol and we also determined his antimicrobic and fungicide activity. Researches on determination of acute and chronic toxicity, and also irritant action on a mucous membrane of a uterus and a vagina are conducted. Researches on studying of influence of Florinazol on blood biochemistry at rabbits are conducted. The optimum therapeutic dose and frequency rate of its introduction is determined. By results of researches it is established that 24,8% of the cows containing on a farm with loose housing content and 10,6% of cows on a farm with fastened content have a chronic endometritis. At the same time in uterus content in 84,3% of cases isolated associations of bacteria and mushrooms in 65,2%, in 34,8% - monocultures of microorganisms. Offered by us means the danger class belongs to substances lowdangerous by the 4th. Doesn't possess irritant action, doesn't exert a negative impact on blood biochemistry, and also has outstanding therapeutic performance of 90% in case of its application in a dose of 100 ml intra-vaginal at an interval of 48 hours
511 kb

AVIAN POX

abstract 1231609137 issue 123 pp. 2059 – 2069 30.11.2016 ru 106
According to the veterinary reporting on 01.01.2016, presence of a bird in the agricultural organizations and poultry farms makes 13 million 440 thousand heads, in the private sector (hens, geese, ducks, etc.) - 6 million 287 thousand heads. In 2015 in the Krasnodar region 3 million 337 thousand 127 heads were subjected to bacterination against smallpox and a diphtheria. Data on registration of outbreak of smallpox of birds in a private farmstead of the Krasnodar region are presented in article. The case rate and a mortality at hens of breeds of Kulanga and Bramah and pigeons of the Andijan breed are studied. The dermal, diphtheroid and admixed forms of clinical implication of smallpox at hens of different breeds and pigeons in this farmstead are studied. Pathoanathomical features of implication of smallpox of birds are studied. The biological test on chickens of 3-4-month age and a microscopy of the painted smears prints on Pashena is carried out. In smears Pashen's little bodies are found. The events for elimination of a disease in this LTD including rejection of a sick bird, the compelled bacterination at an acquisitive bird, mechanical cleaning and disinfection in a hen house and a dovecot, isolation and a symptomatic treatment of breeding birds are developed and held
141 kb

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF SPERM FUNCTIONAL PARAMETERS OF SHEEP NORTH CAUCASIAN BREED WHEN YOU MAKE IT TO THE MEDIA FOR IN VITRO FERTILIZATION

abstract 1211607054 issue 121 pp. 907 – 916 30.09.2016 ru 163
The article presents the use of intensive methods of diet herd reproduction that will increase the productivity and profitability of the sheep industry. One of such methods is in vitro fertilization (IVF). For the success of in vitro fertilization procedure, an important requirement is the availability of highquality nutrient media, which help to preserve the genetic material and contribute to the further development of the zygote. The main requirement to the media for sperm is the ability of media not to cause their agglutination. The aim of our work was to search for new ways to reduce the agglutination of spermatozoa in the preparation of freshly prepared sperm in the process of production of embryos in vitro. To eliminate the agglutination of spermatozoa in the semen preparation stage, we used GCY medium, followed by demolition of seed in SOFw environment, which has resulted in a significant (almost 15 times!) reduce of the number of bound sperm. In our opinion, a decrease in agglutination in GCY buffer was connected with a specific influence of the constituent components of sperm. Conclusion: Thus, our method of preparation of freshly prepared sperm for in vitro fertilization allows a sharp decline in sperm agglutination, which will improve the fertility of eggs during the production of embryos in vitro sheep
557 kb

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOLOGOUS DERMAL FIBROBLASTS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF AGRICULTURAL ANIMALS

abstract 1211607055 issue 121 pp. 917 – 928 30.09.2016 ru 152
The level of development of modern medical equipment for the past 20-30 years is in constant development, many of the technologies and methods of treatment of certain diseases that were previously only available for the treatment of a person with success began to penetrate in the veterinary practice. The objective aim at the initial stage was the establishment of testing and suitability for the cultivation of autologous dermal fibroblasts animals of previously known techniques and the modernization of the existing techniques. Next, we had to carry out measurements of morphometric parameters and to identify structural features and functional activity of fibroblasts of different kinds of agricultural animals. Conclusions: The study showed the conducted morphometric autologous dermal fibroblasts tests allowed us to obtain the correlation line. In addition, to identify common patterns in the development and growth of fibroblasts derived from different species of agricultural animals. And also, to obtain material for comparative evaluation of the quality of the obtained cell cultures using entropy equivalent
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