Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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230 kb

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF EMPLOYMENT OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN RUSSIA

abstract 1341710025 issue 134 pp. 291 – 302 29.12.2017 ru 0
The article shows the situation of persons with disabilities in the employment system. The article analyses the socio-economic situation of Russian people with disabilities and the experience of foreign countries in solving the problems of employment of people with disabilities. We also give recommendations for solution of problems related to employment of people with disabilities
216 kb

PERSONAL FEATURES OF THE SELFREGULATION SUBJECT AS A FACTOR DETERMINING THE SELFORGANIZATION STRATEGY IN A SITUATION OF CHOICE

abstract 1341710073 issue 134 pp. 905 – 923 29.12.2017 ru 0
In the article, personal features of self-regulation of the subject are considered. Training activity of the students is investigated. The results of the research demonstrate contribution of the selfregulation features and with them related other personality characteristics (self-efficacy, viability) to the processes of student self-organization in context of choice of a learning task. Differences in self-organization strategies (adaptation-aimed and non-adaptive self-organization) are shown, with different personality characteristics. A connection between the self-organization strategies and their regulatory features is shown, with the choices made by the subject. Personal characteristics are identified, which represent a psychological resource of a sustainable adaptive self-organization strategy, allowing making and realizing the choice in favor of a new/complex situation
181 kb

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN RELATING TO THE USE OF EGADGETS

abstract 1331709013 issue 133 pp. 134 – 150 30.11.2017 ru 32
The article considers the important aspect of the problem "Parent – child – e-gadget" for the study of the personality traits of children differing in the use of e-gadgets. These personality traits pertain to social and personal properties, to acquired gaming abilities, to elements of identity. The authors have highlighted the content of the terms used in the study of peculiarities of development of personal-social qualities of children. Methods developed by the authors for their empirical research are: the questionnaire "The Use of E-devices by Children", the expert survey "Socio-personal Characteristics of a Child", the monitoring "The Child's Ability to Play Egadgets," the expert survey "Elements of Identity of a Child". The study involved 78 children from six to seven years, pupils of preparatory groups of preschool educational institutions of the village Poltava (the Krasnodar region). Three groups of parents were identified that differ in norming of using a gadget by a baby: "Any gadget allowed" (42%), "Only one gadget allowed" (46%), "No gadgets allowed" (13%). The article presents the analysis of data of the empirical research of three groups of preschool children, depending on the level of norming of using e-gadgets by children. In conclusion, the authors identified personality traits (pertaining to social and personal properties, to acquired gaming abilities and elements of identity) of children differing in the use of e-gadgets
162 kb

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF WOMEN RAISING CHILDREN IN SINGLE PARENT FAMILIES

abstract 1321708067 issue 132 pp. 850 – 862 31.10.2017 ru 74
The present study explores personality traits of modern women raising children in two-parent and single-parent families, and specific aspects of their interaction with the children. The comparative analysis of family values, gender-related particularities and the level of subjective control of the mothers’ personality have been given. The differences in personal characteristics of mothers in the two groups of women under study have been determined. Mothers raising children in single-parent families are characterized by such family values as social activity, attractive appearance and the upbringing of children, whereas mothers in twoparent families turned out to rank the values of children upbringing and psychotherapeutic character of communication as most important. As compared to women in two-parent families, women in singleparent families demonstrate more often masculine and less feminine qualities. The specific aspects of interaction with children have been defined in relation to mothers in the groups under study. The interrelationship between the personal qualities of mothers and the nature of their interaction with children has been analyzed. Positive and negative aspects of the impact of personal qualities of the mothers on the stylistic peculiarities of their interaction with children
141 kb

THE CONTENT OF THE MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL QUALITIES, SKILLS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION, SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

abstract 1251701059 issue 125 pp. 856 – 866 31.01.2017 ru 330
The article is devoted to the development of basic children’s skills with disordered autism spectrum. There is a range of tasks that need to be addressed in the system of psychological and educational assistance to children in this category, which allows identifying problems and areas of work with these children. The theory of deviant development and autism spectrum disorders, the concept of the game as the leading activity of children of preschool age and mental structures formed in this type of activity; the role of the concept of physical education in the development of mental processes of preschool age children is the methodological basis of the research. The article presents a model of improving sensory perception of the world around skills, skills of gross and fine motor skills, communication and social development with children with disordered autism spectrum. The conceptual framework of the proposed model is system development of sensory, motor, social and communicative skills of the child through interactive physical games. The purposes, goals, pedagogical conditions of realization of the model are determined. The model consists of three parts: a target, process, control and evaluation. The first - the target includes the purpose, tasks, and pedagogical conditions of realization of the model. The second set of model is technology. It consists of 5 blocks: sensory development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication, and social skills. The implementation of the content of the second unit takes place by means of interactive physical games, game exercise. There are the aims, the content of each unit. The third block is the control and evaluation. The content of the work of the third block includes organizational and methodological activities to assess the level of development of basic skills in children with ASD. According to the results of diagnosis, routes of individual development of each child, as required mid-term evaluation is carried out and a change of formation of skills development route have been made
138 kb

FEATURES OF SUBSTANTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOVEREIGNTY OF ADOLESCENTS LIVING IN FOSTER FAMILIES

abstract 1241610045 issue 124 pp. 708 – 719 30.12.2016 ru 459
The article investigates the psychological sovereignty of the individual at the stage of its development. The most striking of these steps is the period of adolescence. A study of psychological space of the individual is made to the example of children being brought up in his own family and children living in foster families
193 kb

MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT OF ATTITUDE TOWARD CREDITS OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT AGE

abstract 1231609073 issue 123 pp. 1049 – 1065 30.11.2016 ru 576
The article gives a psychological analysis of credit activity as a process of social exchange between the lender and the borrower. As a result of credit provision as exchange the borrower receives access to resource objects and resource relations. One of credit situations is a situation of borrower's personal default. It is introduced analysis of "personal default" concept in this article and is proposed its operational psychological definition. It is also substantiated its connection with other concepts (difficult life situation, economic stress, crisis of employment, etc). It has been studied motivational component of attitude toward credits by means of questionnaire related to credits attitude. During the study differences in motivation and purposes of crediting of potential and actual young and middle age borrowers have been found out. It has been revealed that typical motives of taking on credit are credit rigor and altruism for young people. The motive of altruistic behavior refuse is expressed by middle age persons. We have studied out connections between motives of crediting. We have found out negative connections between the motive of altruism and investment, intended use of borrowed funds, as well as between the fear of crediting and hedonism, dreaminess and conformability in crediting. Significant differences in credit purposes of young and middle-age respondents have been detected. Persons from 18 to 25 years took credit oftener for the purchase of luxury items (phone, furniture, PCs, TVs, home appliances). For borrowers from 35 to 45 years is typical to take on credits for purchase of real estate, investment in business, immediate needs – payment of medical services, repair of apartments, repayment of credit
138 kb

LEADERSHIP QUALITIES AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT IN THE FUTURE LEADERS OF STATE AND MUNICIPAL STRUCTURES

abstract 1201606080 issue 120 pp. 1211 – 1222 30.06.2016 ru 347
Every year leadership becomes more important personal value. A real leader must have a special approach to people, ability to motivate, to instruct staff on the correct way to exercise the administrative skills and leadership qualities. To be a good leader is not easy! First of all, you need to work constantly on ourselves. The research urgency is caused by necessity of revealing of the student's leadership abilities and their improvement. The article analyzes and prospects of development of leadership qualities of future managers – students of the management faculty of the Kuban State Agrarian University. As indicators of leadership development there were used: intellectually – creative, organizational, social and communicative. The analysis showed that the students of the faculty of management are not well developed personal qualities, that necessary for the modern Manager. In this regard, the article proposed a number of activities on the development of leadership qualities, communication and organizational skills of students. The problem is a considerable interest for the social community. Developing student's leadership qualities and the whole complex of measures on formation of effective leadership in Russia will contribute to the qualitative renewal of the country
178 kb

THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OF SEPARATION IN DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PSYCHOLOGY

abstract 1191605039 issue 119 pp. 539 – 552 31.05.2016 ru 423
The article surveys the process of psychological separation from parents in the student's age. Relevance of the research topic is connected with the existing problems in the modern student environment, which include the general trends of the late maturation in adolescents (infantilization): extension of childhood, low achievement motivation, the lack of desire for selfdevelopment, unwillingness to take responsibility for their own lives. The importance of the theme is emphasized by a number of age problems. Without solving these problems, individual development is almost impossible. The authors give the analysis of the theoretical concepts of separation problems in the domestic and foreign psychology, examine the concept of separation in the context of different approaches to its study. Based on the research, the definition of separation is formulated. Separation individuation processes are discussed in the psychoanalytic direction, through the family system therapy, the study of the level of intergenerational relations in the dichotomy of "proximity - gap", the establishment of the sovereignty of the individual, the formation of psychological space. On the basis of the theoretical analysis the authors categorize the types of separation as contradictory or ambivalent, successful, crisis, conflict categorization and give the characteristics of each type and its impact on the resolution of the separation conflict
150 kb

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPIRITUAL SPACE

abstract 1181604042 issue 118 pp. 746 – 757 29.04.2016 ru 483
The article shows that the formation of human spirituality comes in initially existing spiritual space. The author identifies the elements of spiritual space: the moral norm, which is the basis of morality, giving the actions of human moral coloring; system of spiritual and moral values that are absorbed by man, from childhood; spiritual culture. Spiritual culture is represented by four areas: projective, cognitive, valueoriented human activities and spiritual communion. The author points out that the man, turning in the spiritual space, acquires moral standards and spiritual culture, and forms a system of moral values. This forms the inner spiritual world that exists in the spiritual unity of space and time, and characterizes the appearance of the spiritual man field. Spiritual field is represented by a system of meanings; there are emerging mechanisms of development of the individual spirituality. In the spiritual field includes spiritual and moral feelings and experiences. The core of the spiritual field - is the human need for selfrealization of the potential of spiritual possibilities. Spiritual space exists not only in the present and in the past and the future. Being in the spiritual space means that people should follow the spiritual and moral laws and have spiritual needs
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