Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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201 kb

NEWBORNS ABANDONMENT: THE DYNAMICS OF THE PROBLEM AND ITS RELEVANCE IN MODERN RUSSIA

abstract 1111507043 issue 111 pp. 758 – 775 30.09.2015 ru 1023
The problem of newborns abandonment in modern Russia is relevant but understudied. This article discusses the nature and dynamics of the problem. Newborns abandonment is considered in the framework of social and demographic modernization. The problem of newborns abandonment is studied in the context of social orphanhood in Russia. The author focuses on the history of the problem of newborns abandonment, its features in pre-revolutionary Russia, the Soviet Union and modern Russia. For a deeper understanding of the problem the author held a series of expert interviews and highlighted the main factors that influenced newborns abandonment in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. The main challenges in the development of prevention in modern Russia are identified. The author concludes on the need to reform the system for preventing newborns abandonment as part of the ideology of the family-centered approach and constructing a unified federal structure. The paper uses qualitative methods: literature review, expert interviews. The article may be of interest to specialists in the field of social work, sociology, demography, politics, and economics
221 kb

INTEREST IN POLITICS AND PROTEST ACTIVITY OF YOUTH IN THE MIRROR OF EMPIRICAL STUDIES

abstract 1111507105 issue 111 pp. 1606 – 1617 30.09.2015 ru 937
In the article, some results of empirical sociological research of problems of political socialization of youth are discussed. The answers of respondents to questions of interest in policy, the ethnic conflicts and protest activity are analyzed. The main reasons for extremist moods in the youth environment are established
153 kb

SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS AND BASES OF PEOPLE SAVING IN RUSSIA

abstract 1091505011 issue 109 pp. 171 – 182 29.05.2015 ru 1031
The socioeconomic and foreign policy transformations happening in Russia have predetermined the emergence of many social problems demanding the immediate solve. Thus social and demographic problems are the most important. Introduction of the state social programs in many respects helped to solve a problem of low birth rate. Negotiation of the demographic situation which was followed by sharp decrease of birth rate demanded considerable efforts from the state, but, despite the reached results, the situation can repeat again. And it is notable now when children of "reorganization" reached reproductive age. Thus mortality of the population continues to grow, and its rates exceed birth rates now. Annual losses of the population reached 1,5-2 million per year. In this regard the central problem of modern social and economic policy of the state is introduction of the uniform program of a people saving directed on improvement of population quality of life, achievement of material, spiritual and physical welfare for the purpose of saving of that Russian population. Along with natural losses of the population there are so-called social, preventable demographic losses which could be avoided, by predicting the situation with the help of monitoring of population quality of life that could conduce conservation of life and the social status to millions of people
177 kb

STUDENT’S YOUTH OF KUBAN AS THE SOCIAL RESOURCE OF STATE PROGRAMS REALIZATION AIMED AT THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TERRITORIES

abstract 1091505018 issue 109 pp. 309 – 324 29.05.2015 ru 854
The authors characterize the modern condition of Russian rural territories. The most important federal target programs of development of the agro-industrial complex (AIC) are mentioned. Special attention is paid to studying the student’s youth as the main social resource of rural territories development. Based on empirical date we present an analysis of economic and social situation, vital plans and strategies of rural youth of Kuban. We have also carried out the analysis of respondent’s views of the rural territories actual problems and the measures aimed at the development of AIC
173 kb

MODERN METHODS OF EVALUATING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF THE RESEARCH ACTIVITY

abstract 1081504054 issue 108 pp. 725 – 739 30.04.2015 ru 1244
The purpose of the research is development of the new methods of diagnostic the research activities productivity. It is known, that for the evaluation the productivity of a scientist we usually use a well-known index of Hirsch, the introduction of which in 2005 was a significant step forward compared with application of this index as the ratio of the number of references to works of scientist and publications themselves. At the same time even h-index as an indicator is not flawless, the main flaw is weak differential ability: a number of links to the most cited publications of the scientific worker does not matter after reaching a certain threshold. It is necessary to develop a method of estimating the productivity of scientific worker, which preserves dignities of h-index and removes its shortcomings. This will allow evaluating the productivity of research activities more objectively. Methodological bases of the research: a systematic approach (considering the science as a social institution in close connection with the society as a whole), a metasystem approach (considering the results of the scientific activities as a metasystem, i.e. the system with relatively independent components), probabilistic and statistical approach (considering the research activities as the random process), a synergistic approach (considering science like a self-organized system) qualimetric approach (considering the productivity of scientific activity as latent variables that reflect a variety of criteria)
288 kb

PARADOXES OF THE MORAL ORIENTATION OF ECONOMY AND PERSONALITY

abstract 1071503045 issue 107 pp. 643 – 671 31.03.2015 ru 727
In the article there is a history of the researches of the problems of economy and moral interaction, the relevance of the moral research as the interdisciplinary theory of the positive development of the country and the world, the definition of the essence of the moral as if it was an unfinished rule of law. Also, the ideas of happiness creation on the Earth are affected. The increased discrepancy of the works in the field of the moral and economy interaction, the moral orientation of the each personality, and also the absence of the unity on this perspective in the works of the famous scientists of the past is noted. According to the author, the paradoxes of the moral orientation and the personality consist in: the separation of the law rules from the needs of as much as the possible careful regulation of the moral in the modern Russian legislation; the uncertainty, the discrepancy of the Russian scientific researches paying MUCH ATTENTION to the moral problems as the authority, as the alternative of the immorality, a lack of the significant theoretical studies, the THEORIES of the orientation to the practice from the Russian scientists with the maintenance of the informal national tradition of the recognition of the importance of the works of the foreign thinkers, mainly last time; the demoralization of the society via the numerous channels of the information transfer considered as a source of the moral education of the people, especially at the children's age, - through many mass media and the art spheres (painting, modern literary works, films and video movies, theatrical performances, songs, dances, photo-art)
256 kb

THE AUDIT OF THE OBSERVANCE OF THE CITIZENS CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS: THE REALITIES OF THE LAW-ENFORCEMENT PRACTICE AND THE LAW

abstract 1061502026 issue 106 pp. 416 – 441 28.02.2015 ru 735
Long time in Russia we have a paradox when the law rules are accepted, reconsidered with the different level of the knowledge intensity and the effect for the social development, but the practice works with the essential derogation from the observance of the established legal regulations. In this article the author considers the essence of the most important rules of constitutional law in Russia: the right to the life, a state protection guarantee of the protection of the citizen in different fields, the right to the participation of each citizen in the state governance, the right to the request to the government and local authorities with the purposes of the receiving the effective and timely help, the competent explanations, the right to the work, the state protection of the motherhood and the childhood, the right to the housing, the right to the health protection and the medical care, the right to the recreation and the right for education. We have also set a task of the overcoming of stereotypes of the comparison of the existing rules of the right to their right application and on the example of the analysis of the important standards of the Russian constitution there is drawn the conclusion about the need of the carrying out audit of the observance of the law rules, the formation of the transition from static consideration of the law rules in the dynamic with the carrying out the comparative analysis of their right application corresponding to the different periods of the development
129 kb

FEATURES AND PROBLEM AREAS OF OUTBOUND TOURISM (ON THE EXAMPLE OF EMPIRICAL DATA SOCIAL RESEARCH OF YOUTH STUDENT'S GROUP OF KUBAN)

abstract 1041410018 issue 104 pp. 280 – 289 30.12.2014 ru 1024
The article presents the results of empirical researches in the field of outbound tourism of Kuban students. The sociological data describes the picture of the tourism industry and analyze the tourism potential of young people, any perspectives of the development of the tourist business in the Krasnodar region
130 kb

SYSTEM OF SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION OF THE POPULATION OF KRASNODAR REGION: BASED ON EMPIRICAL STUDIES

abstract 1041410054 issue 104 pp. 723 – 732 30.12.2014 ru 1048
Based on empirical data obtained through the sociological poll, we present the analysis of the identification system of the Krasnodar region. The article places civil, ethnic, religious, regional identity in the hierarchy of the identity of residents of the region, we have also carried out the analysis of subjective importance of the various types of identity
131 kb

SOCIAL FUNCTION IN SYSTEM OF FUNCTIONS OF THE RUSSIAN STATE

abstract 1041410057 issue 104 pp. 765 – 774 30.12.2014 ru 1201
The article is devoted to studying of the system of functions of the social state. It considers the concept and essence of social function in the theory of the state, its relationship to the political, economic, ecological, financial and law-enforcement functions of the state
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