Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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141 kb

THE VALUES OF THE ART OF RUSSIAN EMBROIDERY IN THE FOLK CULTURE AS A SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON

abstract 1311707075 issue 131 pp. 914 – 923 29.09.2017 ru 5
A study of the Russian costume and household items was carried out. It is proved that folk art of embroidery has deep artistic and craft traditions and historical roots and is a special socio-cultural type of folk culture. The ornaments were one of the characteristic features of Russian clothing, its technical techniques of embroidery, specific ornamental motifs and colors, which determine its originality, being, as it were, a passport of culture, its historical path, intercultural and interethnic ties. It is determined that decorative decoration with embroidery of costume complexes, related to archaism, is the value of Russian folk culture at historical stages as universal values. The nature and quantity of embroidery, even the semantic meaning of ornamental patterns, depended on the expediency, characteristic of folk clothes, on reasons of economy, age and local differences, and various customs in accordance with which clothes were used. Images of ancient Slavic mythology came into folk embroidery and lived there for centuries not by chance. They decorated clothes, towels, and ghosts, which had important ritual significance during folk festivals and traditional rituals. The people faithfully observed the laws of fathers and grandfathers, along with them, from generation to generation, images of ancient mythology also came. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
174 kb

SOCIOCULTURAL PROJECTS OF DM. MEREZHKOVSKY AND I. ILYIN

abstract 1291705013 issue 129 pp. 156 – 169 31.05.2017 ru 109
The article is devoted to utopian projects of Dm. Merezhkovsky «The Third Kingdom» and I. Ilyin «The Russian Idea». The methodological basis of the study is a phenomenological concept of «life-world». The utopia considered in the present paper as a phenomenon of sociocultural reality, including the characteristic features of the civilization on the basis of which it is formed. Projects directed to the synthesis of religion and culture through spiritual rebirth of man. The specificity of utopias is revealed – spirituality and metaphysics, which allowed to define them as sociocultural projects
145 kb

EMBROIDERY IN THE IVANOVO REGION IN THE XIX – XX CENTURIES

abstract 1291705024 issue 129 pp. 276 – 285 31.05.2017 ru 113
The author carried out a research about the beginning of embroidery craft in Ivanovo region in the XIX – XX centuries. Flax weaving has become a foundation for embroidery—one of the most peculiar feature of Ivanovo region. The author proves that the folk craft of embroidery has deep artistic-vocational traditions and historical roots. Motifs of the ornament, symbolic designs were also common not only for North-Western Russia but also were widespread in the present Ivanovo region, former Vladimir, Kostroma and Yaroslavl provinces. The research found out that those who lived this territory used to live in Novgorod lands that was often proved by the motifs of the embroidery that were quite popular in that part in ancient times. The techniques of embroidery and patterns of the drawing echo with the ones from Arkhangelskay province in the XVIII – XIX centuries. By the end of the XVII and the beginning of the XIX centuries Ivanovo region was well-developed in crafts that became an important part of folk culture of the Upper Volga region. The author researches the organization of embroidery craft after the October revolution of 1917, formation of craft groups and their reorganizations. It was also found out that by the middle of the XX after the Great World War of 1941-1945 the craft was reorganized one more time. New experimental and creative workshops were formed; new production locations were built for factory workers on a state level, special favorable conditions were created for effective work. With the advent of Perestroyka in 1990s embroidery as a craft was almost lost. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
231 kb

MAIDEN HEADWEAR OF THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN TRADITIONAL RUSSIAN CULTURE OF XVIII-XIX

abstract 1281704021 issue 128 pp. 309 – 318 28.04.2017 ru 178
The author carried out a research about folk motifs in maiden headwear in the Russian north. The author finds out that headwear is an important part of women’s clothing that reflected aging and social changes in the lives of Russian women. Headwear had certain elements of the Upper world– the sun, water, goddess outstretching their hands into the sky. The author found out that a lot of attention was attached to a human head in women’s headwear: it had solar symbol on most of the embroidery (a radiant disk). If there were five elements on maiden’s bands, it was an indicator of a child-bearing age and often was followed by a marriage. A decorative element with 5 beams and female bodies with outstretched hands indicated her maidenhood, a connection with the sun and upper gods. Seven fragments of this pattern at the top point to child- bearing goddess; 7 pointy lines on the top on the headwear in the Russian north. The author also explains the meaning behind motifs on the headwear which represents a cosmologic system; it emphasizes the connection with the Universe. The author concludes that those motifs also revealed a complex nature of human outlook as helped ward off sinister forces. The symbols are multifaceted and require profound understanding. The structure per se expresses in every component a complex nature of the world
146 kb

RUSSIAN COSTUME IN RUSSIA OF THE XIV– XVIII CENTURIES

abstract 1271703013 issue 127 pp. 235 – 245 31.03.2017 ru 206
The article dwells on the reason that brought about changes in Russian folk costume in the XIV–XVIII centuries. Long time ago Russian towns that were located on the banks of Volga as well as Nizhniy Novgorod that had close connections with South Baltic and with Ganza played a significant role. It also establishes a connection between Russian population and overseas merchants from the areas of the Caspean, Blue (Aral) seas, and South-Western coast of the Baltic Sea. The author reviews a range of goods that were sold. The author shares their findings about Nizhniy Novgorod and later on Russia could get the merchant goods from Europe’s major cities during the XIV–XVIII centuries. The author also determines the fabric that was imported from Asian and Western countries that was used for manufacturing clothes for Russian nobility, merchants, and rich peasants. The author introduces new findings about women’s garment (pinafore) and new method of embroidery. Russian North because if its location (sea and ground ways) and business was adopted urban traditions which resulted in a new type of a pinafore dress. The author dwells on the business between Russia, Persia and Central Asiaand also finds out the contribution of the people from the area of the Volga River who enriched a range of artistic expression in Russian folk costumes and introduced oriental motives in them. Bright and dynamic accents appeared inholiday costumes of Russian people. Those clothes were made from eastern and European fabrics. The author examines the clothes of that time and infers that the fabric and decorative elements that were imported form abroad considerably enriched Russian folk costume: new methods of embroidery and bright colors in decorative elements
162 kb

ARCHETYPES IN RELIGION: FUNCTIONS AND METHODS OF RESEARCH

abstract 1271703071 issue 127 pp. 996 – 1009 31.03.2017 ru 250
The concept of archetype, introduced by Swiss psychoanalyst Karl G. Jung, eventually went beyond psychoanalytic research area. The concept of archetype was represented in philosophical and cultural context and in each of them, it has acquired a specific connotation. Being the structural elements of the human mentality, archetypes take key position in the culture. Their formative functions contribute to the expression of archetypes on the level of mythology and religion. These eternal symbols, originated from the depths of consciousness, are implemented universally and spontaneously, being manifested largely in religious culture. The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the functioning of the archetypes and identification of their main functions. In addition to that, this article marks the problem of choosing methodology for archetype research. This research allowed to identify the main function of archetypes such as regulative, integrative, protective and communicative
158 kb

EXISTENTIAL PROBLEM OF FEAR IN THE М.Yu. LERMONTOV'S WORKS AS SOCIOCULTURAL CONCEPT

abstract 1261702004 issue 126 pp. 69 – 80 28.02.2017 ru 177
The article explores the notion of fear as an existential concept in M. Yu. Lermontov’s literary oeuvre. In many of the poet’s works, the characters, finding themselves in difficult limit situations, experience a wide range of emotions which Lermontov describe in detail using self-reflective approach. In analyzing the theme of fear featuring in Lermontov’s works as a socio-cultural concept, the author of the auricle describes each emotional state separately: fear of loneliness, fear of betrayal, a whole range of various strong emotions emerging in relation to fright and to the experience of horror. But the governing emotion in existential fear is a fear of Nothingness as an inevitable fate of every finite human self. The article describes a variety of ways to overcome fear and complex internal conflicts offered by Lermontov
119 kb

NOBILITY IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE OF XVIII-XIX CENTURIES AS A PARALLEL CULTURAL SPACE

abstract 1241610038 issue 124 pp. 623 – 631 30.12.2016 ru 191
Parallel cultural space is a phenomenon within heterotopia. All cultural processes and phenomena, taking place there, operated by special laws and regularities. The author substantiates the fact that the nobility in Russia XVIII-XIX centuries is a special time-space with features of parallel cultural space. In particular, a comparison with other privileged strata of the population of the Russian state, the analysis of internal processes and phenomena proves this fact. Originating in the XII century, among the younger princely nobility went quite a long way in the formation of a special service estate. In the XVIII century is its final form as an aristocratic layer Russia, and the author argues that it is from this time can be observed heterogeneity of the space in which the nobility and there. His positions, access to the broad cultural, political and social benefits provide excellent conditions for the separation of the nobility in a single cultural space, which, in turn, determines the new phenomena. This fact forces us to take a fresh look at the problem in a certain culture formation development in the environment for cultural security problem and reveals the principles of heterotopic spaces functioning
157 kb

APPEARANCE OF ANOTHER/ALIEN AS A MARKER OF CULTURAL IDEAS IN THE SOCIETY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF AMERICAN COMICS DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE WORLD WAR II PERIODS)

abstract 1231609008 issue 123 pp. 127 – 141 30.11.2016 ru 235
The image of the Other/Alien is the litmus test according to which researchers can determine the state of the disease of society, its fears and hopes in a certain period of social and cultural development. The author of this article on the example of fictional Other/Alien, has manifested the images of superheroes and supervillains of American comics; he proves the relationship between attitudes of society, paradigmatic for certain periods of the history, with the construction clothing marker Other/Alien. Turning to the two periods of XX century American history, the researcher has traced the evolution of the characteristics of narrative images, typical for these stages, revealed the main socio-cultural processes that influenced the creation of such images in popular culture, and came to the conclusion that the mood of the American Society of the Great Depression period and the World war II is well reflected in the narratives of the time, in particular, in the comics. Clothing of superheroes like images Other / Alien were dictated by certain cultural, historical, social, and political ideas. During the Great Depression, Another becomes a “good” alien. His appearance is caused by the mood and hopes of people of that time; the character appears to be able to change the usual course of things. The Second World War gave birth to a new type of the Other, the personification of all US national values. Another - now is not an alien. He is one of us, but he has the same supernatural powers aimed at justice, not only in the mood of the American Society but in the whole world
150 kb

THEMES AND MOTIVES OF ORNAMENT FOLK EMBROIDERY IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN XVIII CENTURY

abstract 1191605046 issue 119 pp. 642 – 652 31.05.2016 ru 432
The article discloses a feature of graphic ornamental motives of embroidery in clothing and household decoration, typical for the North-West region of Russia in the XVIII century. The semiotic status of the Russian clothing and household decorations with decorative ornaments embroidery with figurative ornamental motives as a group of functionally related items have remained very high, having both utilitarian and sign pragmatics for millennia. Despite the sociohistorical processes, changing the external shape of the suit, the symbolism of embroidery patterns remained unchanged and continued to exist until the twentieth century. In connection with the political events, readier subjects and fine motives can be traced in the Russian folk embroidery due to the resettlement of Novgorod in the XV century. This is the way from Novgorod to Arkhangelsk and the path from Veliky Novgorod to Vologda where Novgorod settled, keeping their culture. It is proved, that there is a correlation between the zoomorphic pendants, amulets female ornaments of the tenth century and plot embroidered with iconic ornamental motives of the North-West region of Russia. People piously observed the laws of their fathers and grandfathers. The embroidery from generation to generation has been portraying images of ancient mythology. The most common images in the northern Russian embroidery were the goddess of Mokos, Rozhanitsy, birds, horses, moose, deer, and wild animals and plants, depicted in subject compositions. The zoomorphic motives are also the images of flying dragons, symbolizing lightning, they are often found in Russian folk tales. Fire Dragon was considered the protector of property and fire. The people’s attitude to fire was special: it was called "You sir, the King-fire", and it was regards’ a god. One of the main roles in the embroidery is given to the technical side. Counted Russian embroidery stitches do not only recreate the image, but also express its essence
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