Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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774 kb

UNIQUE NATURAL MONUMENTS AND THE CONDITIONS OF THE KABARDINO-BALKAR REPUBLIC AND THE NORTH CAUCASUS TO ORGANIZE ECOLOGICAL TOURISM

abstract 1341710057 issue 134 pp. 720 – 732 29.12.2017 ru 46
The article focuses on the unique nature of the CBD and the North Caucasus, and to existing problems. It was noted that many areas of protected and recreational areas are eroded and disturbed by human activities and environmental tourism in the regions is not developed. We have made a justification for the establishment of eco-tourism, the key objectives and tasks. On the example of Kabardino-Balkaria, there was set scientific and technological rationale of the organization of the centers of ecological tourism in the regions. The article shows a comparative analysis about the developing ecological tourism in Europe as an active form of recreation. Unlike European counterparts, in our project we have a strong emphasis on the popularization and implementation of environmental technologies for the protection and improvement of springs, hiking trails and recreation areas for tourists. You can find descriptions of the most interesting and amazing natural monuments, and recreation areas divided in ecological routes and areas of the CBD. The mountain zones of the CBD are mainly located in four valleys: in the Baksan, Cherek, Chehem and Malka, where these amazing natural monuments and landscapes are. The authors conducted a field research work for the study of the unique natural sites in all environmental routes and areas of the CBD. In conclusion, it is noted that in our region there is great potential for organization of ecological tourism and all these beautiful natural conditions are the basis for this. The development of ecological tourism will further attract more than 10 thousand tourists who are interested in nature in Kabardino-Balkaria and environmental issues in the region
329 kb

TOURIST CLUSTERS AS SPATIAL MODELS OF ORGANIZATION OF TOURISMRECREATIONAL ACTIVITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE BLACK SEA COAST OF THE KRASNODAR REGION)

abstract 1331709051 issue 133 pp. 682 – 696 30.11.2017 ru 106
In the given article, we explore the territory organization of tourism in the Krasnodar region. General route models of trips are considered. M. Clauson’s theory about dependence demand of distance of a trip is explored. Also, the efficiency of testing this theory in modern conditions was taken up. Theoretical and practical aspects of clusters in a tourist-recreational complex, such as substance of cluster approach in tourism, ways of determining the geographic boundaries of clusters and other details are investigated. The territory of the Krasnodar region has grate tourist potential, but the flow of tourists is very unevenly distributed. This is the reason why a new one clustering of the Black Sea cost in the region is offered. It means care of the administrative boundaries of municipalities and zoning on the basis of accessibility of attractive excursion objects in respect to distance and influence of environment. This way of management of coastal zones in the Krasnodar region helps to govern all resources more rationally. It also provides confident development of tourism
3337 kb

CALCULATION OF MELTING RATE OF DEBRIS-COVERED AREAS OF A MOUNTAIN GLACIER

abstract 1331709078 issue 133 pp. 1062 – 1078 30.11.2017 ru 123
Considerable parts of the ablation zones of mountain glaciers in various mountain systems of the World are covered with rocks (dibris). Heat and physical properties of debris layer are very different from those of ice. Debris layer determines ablation rate and ice run-off regime. Dependently on thickness, it can accelerate ablation or totally isolate ice cover from melting. To describe ablation rate in a mathematical model correctly, one needs to include in it a block responsible for heat exchange of debris-covered areas with the atmosphere. In the paper, we consider an algorithm for calculation of ablation rate under the layer of debris, which is to be incorporated to the surface mass balance model. We also describe results of calculations of temperature distribution in a debris layer and estimates of ablation rate under the latter. All calculations were carried out for heat and physical properties of Djankuat Glacier in the Central Caucasus
819 kb

NEW METHODS OF ENGINEERINGGEOLOGICAL ZONING OF THE TERRITORY OF THE KRASNODAR REGION AND THE REPUBLIC OF ADYGEA

abstract 1321708019 issue 132 pp. 239 – 248 31.10.2017 ru 106
The article presents the experience of engineeringgeological zoning to establish patterns of spatial variability of the components of engineeringgeological conditions. In the ArcGIS environment was created a set of electron-digital maps, taking into account the influence of adverse geological processes and landforms for the design, construction and operation of linear engineering structures.
319 kb

RURAL (AGRARIAN) TOURISM: RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS AND MODERN DEVELOPMENT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1321708094 issue 132 pp. 1166 – 1187 31.10.2017 ru 220
Many scientists suppose that rural tourism as a kind of tourism industry in Russia has not got long history. But we can see its manifestations at different stages of tourism development, which are described in the given article. In different historical periods, rural tourism had its own forms, modifications and kinds of activity. That is why we can say that agrarian tourism took place in pre-Soviet and Soviet periods too. Besides, we still have troubles with theoretic aspects of rural tourism. Today science society invents a determination of rural (agrarian) tourism, creates classifications of this and so forth. Nowadays rural tourism is a polyfunctional phenomenon. That is why we should explore it in more details. The Krasnodar region has a lot of recourses which allows us to develop many kinds of tourism, including agrarian on its territory. Existing legal environment creates attractive investment climate and helps to develop rural tourism in the Krasnodar region successfully
1982 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN THE WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 2. METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AND AVALANCHE SITUATION

abstract 1311707045 issue 131 pp. 489 – 514 29.09.2017 ru 174
In the article, we consider climatic conditions during the cold period of the year in the mountain claster of Sochi. We have analyzed variability of time series of air temperature and precipitation sums at meteostation Krasnaya Polyana. We have established, that average daily temperature in the cold period was growing during the last thirty years. This process was accompanied by decreasing of daily temperature amplitides. Winter of the year 2016/17 is characterized by early beginning of snow accumulation because of comparatively low temperatures in December 2016. This was the reason in general for comparatively more dense snow cover and to more frequent avalanches
352 kb

DIAPIR STRUCTURES OF THE TEREK-SUNZHA OIL AND GAS REGION OF THE EASTERN CAUCASUS – QUASI-MUD VOLCANOES

abstract 1301706032 issue 130 pp. 421 – 446 30.06.2017 ru 342
Within the Terek-Sunzha oil and gas region of the Eastern Caucasus a productive sediments are clearly expressed by the classical diapir due to the increase in power in the arched part of the strata of the Maikop clays. In accordance with the theory of I. M. Gubkin, developed based on the analysis of the structure of the oil and gas structures of mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan, diapirism of the structure is an important prerequisite for the formation of a mud volcano. The article provides a comparative analysis of diapir structures of the TerekSunzha oil and gas region of the Eastern Caucasus, which is quasi-mud unripe volcanoes, and structures of mud volcanoes in the South-Eastern end of the Caucasus range (the Apsheron Peninsula and other territories of Azerbaijan) and the North-Western end of the Caucasus range (the Kerch and Taman Peninsula). It is shown that the formation of diapir structure, when, in the context of high power clay strata, is not a sufficient condition for its transformation into a mud volcano. In such geological conditions, it is essential to determine the capacity of clay strata, but also the degree of its water-filled porosity, visco-plastic and fluid-forming properties, contributing to the transition of the breed in a phase of active current and the coming to the surface
1212 kb

EVALUATION OF TOURISTIC ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE BLACK SEA BEACHES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706055 issue 130 pp. 789 – 798 30.06.2017 ru 284
The methodology of evaluation of touristic attractiveness of the Black sea coast of the Krasnodar area is presented in this article. This method is based on ranked assessment using statistical analysis
993 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 1. STRATIGRAPHY OF THE SNOW COVER AND WATER STORAGE

abstract 1291705059 issue 129 pp. 793 – 819 31.05.2017 ru 182
Considered in the study, there are specific features and stratigraphy of the snow cover in the region of the mountain claster of Sochi (Krasnaya Polyana) during winter of 2016-2017. We have analyzed patterns of snow thickness distribution, its dependence on the absolute elevation, slope exposition and landscape type. Conclusions were made about the necessity of the regular study of the structure and quality of the snow cover for the purpose of mountain skiing development
172 kb

THE ROLE OF LAND, WATER AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE CONFLICTS IN AFRICA AND THE WAY FORWARD

abstract 1221608020 issue 122 pp. 278 – 291 31.10.2016 ru 509
The scarcity of natural resources has become a serious problem in terms of security in the world. This article examines the role of the limited resources in conflicts in Africa. The main source of conflict is the issue of control of resources and the right to a healthy environment. Here we consider the case of the regional conflicts in the African context. A large number of major rivers in Africa also have been the cause of conflicts between the riparian countries. However, most of these problems have been successfully solved, and in many cases, this process led to the formation of regional blocs for economic and diplomatic cooperation in the region. In addition to inter-State disputes, there are also internal disputes among regions or states within the same country for the control of resources. However, in some cases these regions have developed wellcoordinated approaches to resolving the disputes: either by judicial apportionment, congressional action or based on negotiated compacts. In general, we believe that a careful application of equitable resource-sharing formula to volatile areas is a basic condition for peace and stability in Africa
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