Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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123 kb

MODERN ASPECTS OF DIAGNOSTICS AND TREATMENT OF DIABETES INSIPIDUS IN DOGS

abstract 1531909001 issue 153 pp. 1 – 7 29.11.2019 ru 14
Diabetes Insipidus is found in dogs and rarely in cats. The study of this disease is a hot topic today, as it is challenging for the veterinarian in the diagnosis of its patients. You must take into consideration and study of such diseases, as it is important to of differential them from other diseases. Special attention the doctor pays to the etiology, diagnosis, and most importantly, treatment. It is also important to inform pet owners about the timely prevention of this disease. It has several mechanisms of development, and this will depend on the treatment process of the patient. The development of the disease directly depends on the speed of "fading" of kidney function and how soon the animal will be helped. Completely cure pet yet possible, but therapy can support the required amount of hormone in the body, and the physical condition of the animal is normal. Diabetes Insipidus is a serious condition that requires proper attention. In the final stages of your pet there is shortness of breath, frequency of seizures increases. The animal begins to refuse food, the skin becomes dry, appear constipation and incontinence. If the animal will not be treated, then it can live for about one to two years, and then die from exhaustion, perhaps a pet will fall into a coma. Therefore, the veterinarian must correctly explain to the pet owners than to end their inaction, as well as to prepare them for the fact that the pet will constantly be required drugs
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CHARACTERISTIC OF COMPLEX FEED ADDITIVES FOR CATTLE CONTAINING PROBIOTIC MICROFLORA

abstract 1521908004 issue 152 pp. 24 – 34 31.10.2019 ru 14
The article provides an overview of domestic and foreign patent information on existing recipes and methods for producing complex feed additives containing probiotic microflora for cattle. Introduction of probiotic cultures of microorganisms to feed additives, along with biologically active substances, allows us to influence the processes of microbiocenosis of the intestines of animals, and, therefore, digestibility and digestibility of feed, which, in turn, leads to an increase in animal productivity. In addition, probiotic cultures contribute to the biodegradation of mycotoxins, which helps prevent mycotoxicity of animals. The most popular in modern livestock breeding are complex feed additives with broad-spectrum probiotic preparations, performing various biological functions
340 kb

ALTERNATIVE PROTEIN SOURCE IN FOOD INDUSTRY

abstract 1521908009 issue 152 pp. 68 – 76 31.10.2019 ru 18
This article deals with the problem of producing protein using alternative sources of raw materials, due to the shortage of feed protein and utilization of organic waste. This property makes it possible to return feed protein to farm animals and birds derived from the biomass of insect larvae. The invention relates to agricultural production. The studied problem is relevant for the technology of livestock products (agricultural sciences), which is explained by the global need for proteins and food products. The object of study is several different insects. The article studies the application and significance of some beetles in this field. The study provides a comparative analysis of the Black Linki (Hermetia illucens), House Cricket (Acheta domesticus), Locusts (Locusta migratoria), Flour Castaneum (Tribolium confusum) for a more graphic comparison of the benefit from the application of the above bugs and identify the most unpretentious and best beetle for breeding for food purposes in agricultural production. The work also shows a diagram of the process of development of the larvae of Hermetia illucens. The following research methods were used: observation, collection of scientific and practical information about beetles, study, analysis, processing, systematization of the collected material
843 kb

COGNITIVE VETERINARY – DIGITAL SOCIETY VETERINARY: THE DEFINITION OF BASIC CONCEPTS

abstract 1521908015 issue 152 pp. 141 – 199 31.10.2019 ru 6
There are many opinions on the question of what kind of society we live in at the beginning of the XXI century. Previously, it was believed that this is a post-industrial society. There was even an opinion that it would be a society of developed socialism or even a communist society. After that, the opinion on this has changed. First, modern society was called the information society, and then the society based on knowledge. The latest news in this area is that it seems that modern society is a digital society, that is, a society, based on digital technologies, digital communications, digital information processing and transmission technologies, as well as digital artificial intelligence technologies. In a digital society and science people must move to digital intelligent research technologies. In particular, the question arises as to whether veterinary medicine in a digital society should not also become cognitive veterinary medicine. This work is devoted to a detailed and reasoned (according to the authors) answer to this question. The methodology and terminology in this new field is not yet established and is not generally accepted. Therefore, in this work a lot of attention is paid to the logic and methodology of scientific knowledge, terminological issues and definitions of concepts
178 kb

CHARACTERISTICS OF NUTRITION AND HEALTH OF DOMESTICATED DOGS AND CATS

abstract 1521908018 issue 152 pp. 220 – 230 31.10.2019 ru 8
The authors of this article have developed a questionnaire for pet owners and conducted a research on the nutrition and health of domestic dogs and cats in the urban environment. By results of researches, it is concluded that in the conditions of the city, cats are a preferable type of pets. The preferred type of food is mixed one, with using dry, natural and wet food. Food standards are followed by 46% of owners of 100% participants of the survey and only 43.3% from consulters with veterinary specialists in the field of feeding of a pet. Among non-communicable diseases, urological diseases are more common: urolithiasis, cystitis, endometritis and ovarian cyst
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GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF HOLSTEIN HEIFERS BORN WITH THE USE OF EMBRYO TRANSPLANTATION

abstract 1521908024 issue 152 pp. 288 – 296 31.10.2019 ru 8
The article gives results of a comparative study of the growth and development of young cattle of Holstein breed belonging to the Reflection Sovering and Vis Baidial lines, born with the method of transplantation of embryos, and their coevals born with a standard method. Technology of growing of young cattle in both groups was identical, accepted in the economy. During suckling period, the heifers got 300 kg of full-milk. During a period from 3 to 8 months, they were contained in cages for small group maintenance, from an 8 month age, they were contained loose, on pasture grounds. Living mass and average daily increases of experimental heifers changed differently. The rates of height and average daily increases in an experimental group turned out to be higher, than for coevals of the control group. It is proved by the researches, that heifers born with the method of transplantation of embryos are equal to ones who were born with a traditional method in the rates of height and development and even excel coevals at the certain periods. In the age of the first insemination, living mass of heifers of the experimental group was 365 kg, which was 14 kg more compared to coevals of the control group. In all studied age-related periods, heifers of the experimental group excelled coevals of the control group in average daily increases. From their birth and up to 14-th month age, exceeding on increases was 37gr; to the age of the first insemination, heifers of the experimental group were more developed. Taking into account the genetic potential in heifer embryos and their best height and development, it proves the expediency of the use of transplantation of embryos
353 kb

GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT OF BULLS IN THE CONDITIONS OF YAKUTIA WHEN INCLUDING MINERAL FEED ADDITIVES IN THEIR RATIONS

abstract 1511907005 issue 151 pp. 46 – 55 30.09.2019 ru 7
The article presents the results of a study of the features of growth and development of young bulls in the conditions of Central Yakutia when mineral feed additives are included in their rations. The scientific experience was carried out on the basis of the cattle-breeding farm "Churapcha". For the experiment were selected bullhead Hereford breed at the age of 7 months. Experimental groups of animals were formed by the method of analogues. Such indicators as age, live weight, fatness, physiological state were taken into account. The control group of bulls received the main ration. In comparison with the control group, analogs with I experimental group, in addition to the basic ration, received zeolite 0.5 g / kg body weight, 150 g sapropel and 0.04 g potassium iodide. The animals of the II experimental group received, in addition to the basic ration of zeolite hongurin, at a dose of 0.7 g / kg body weight, 200 g of sapropel with 10 g of copper sulphate. The duration of scientific experience - 7 months. Studies have shown that the addition to the diet of mineral feed additives has influenced the growth and development of bulls. So, when the age of 15 months was reached, according to the compactness index, the bulls of the control group were slightly inferior to their peers by 0.9 % compared to the first experimental group and 5.8 % to the second experimental group. According to the massiveness index, gobies of the I and II experimental groups exceeded the gobies of the control group by 0.5 % and 0.3 %. Upon reaching the age of 15 months on the index of compactness, the bulls of the experimental groups had the best indicators
205 kb

THE RESULTS OF USING THE METHOD OF TRANSPLANTATION OF EMBRYOS AT “KUBAN” AGROHOLDING COMPANY

abstract 1511907009 issue 151 pp. 85 – 103 30.09.2019 ru 6
The article presents modern methods of biotechnology used in dairy cattle breeding to increase the highly productive herd on the example of one of the farms of the Krasnodar region. The embryo transplantation method is described in detail, and a complete scheme of embryo flushing and transfer is presented. Requirements for donors and recipients, as well as for hormonal stimulation of superovulation, high-quality embryos are described. In the example of a three-year use of embryo transplantation in Agroholding Kuban company, the results are given on the number of dairy breeds of black-and-white Holstein cows, milk yield, and the quality indicator of milk. The article also proves economic efficiency
15279 kb

COGNITIVE INFORMATION-MEASURING SYSTEM FOR QUALITATIVE DETERMINATION OF FAT AND PROTEIN IN COW'S MILK IN THE PARAMETERS OF CENTIGRAMS OF DYNAMIC SURFACE TENSION AT THE INTERFACE OF MILK/AIR

abstract 1511907015 issue 151 pp. 138 – 192 30.09.2019 ru 10
A number of authors (Milaeva I. V., Zaitsev S. Yu., Dovzhenko N. A., Tsarkov D. V., Tsarkova M. S., 2015) have proposed a regression model and a method for indirect measurement of fat and protein content in cow's milk by its dynamic surface tension, which has a number of advantages over the traditional approach. The model reflects the objectively existing relations between the content of fat and protein in cow's milk and parameters of centigrams of dynamic surface tension at the interface of the milk/air. These relationships are revealed by the authors of the method wit mathematical processing of 112 empirical samples. For this purpose, they have applied regression and correlation analysis (in MS Excel). Since the content of fat and proteins in milk largely determines its quality, this problem refers to the problems of qualimetry. However, this problem of qualimetry also refers to typical problems of pattern recognition (multi-parameter typing and system identification), and therefore it is possible that the quality of its solution can be improved by the use of artificial intelligence methods, in particular cognitive and information technologies. Moreover, these relationships are quite complex. The use of intelligent technologies also creates additional opportunities for the study of the simulated subject area by studying its model. All this is of great scientific and practical interest for both researchers and practitioners. To solve all these problems in the work we have applied Automated System-Cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its software tool which is an intelligent system called "Eidos". A numerical example based on real data has been considered in detail as well
295 kb

EFFICACY OF SUPRANOL AND UTEROTON IN PREVENTION OF ACUTE POSTPARTUM ENDOMETRITIS IN COWS

abstract 1501906003 issue 150 pp. 30 – 55 28.06.2019 ru 170
The article reflects information characterizing the significance of mastitis and endometritis in the indicator of premature disposal of cows from herds of large farms in the western regions of the Krasnodar region: an average of 30% of the total culling of cows. The effectiveness of veterinary measures in Pravoberezhny JSC of the Temryuk district for mastitis and endometritis in cows was assessed: 81-95%; fertilization index value ‒ 1.8; the duration of the service period exceeds the requirements by 20 days. The studies the nature of the influence of the drugs called Sepranol and Uteroton on the calving process and the occurrence of postpartum complications in cows from the herd, which was formed with violation of breeding principles. The use of the drugs Uteroton and Sepranol contributed to a 50% decrease in the calving index in calving cows by 50% compared with the results of the combined use of estrophan and oxytocin. The use of Uteroton reduced the damage from the lack of milk by 87880 rubles, and the use of Sepranol - by 171164 rubles. We have given practical recommendation on the use of Uteroton and Sepranol for veterinary effects on the body of cows in the early postpartum period in order to reduce the occurrence of complications
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