Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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abstract 1351801028 issue 135 pp. 200 – 207 31.01.2018 ru 80
A comprehensive assessment was made of the own productivity of repair pigs and the quality of sperm production of boars of different breeds. Imported boars and mumps had thin bacon 13-15 mm, high early ripeness 145-153 days and a depth of "muscular eye" 53-53.9 mm, indicating an increase in the content of lean meat in the carcass. However, the length of the trunk of the animals was 120 cm, which corresponds to the first class of the instructions for bonitation. There was a significant difference in the growth rate of repair young (about 300 g), which indicates the individual characteristics of animals and the possibility of selecting the best animals for reproduction of the herd. Assessment of pigs by phenotype is an important element of breeding work on complexes. It is established that the quality of sperm production is affected both by the breed and the season of the year: the volume of ejaculate and the concentration of spermatozoa in all breeds are greatest in the autumn-winter period. Boars Maxgro were distinguished by an increased volume of ejaculate, but a low concentration of sperm compared to a large white breed and landrace. During the year, the greatest fluctuations in sperm concentration in large white breed boars were observed ± 133 million / ml, the smallest - Landrace ± 29 million / ml, which contributes to the uniform production of semen doses for insemination
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abstract 1351801029 issue 135 pp. 208 – 222 31.01.2018 ru 86
The article provides evidence of the high social value of dogs as the most common among pets. We present the results of determining the main causes of illness in dogs and the role of nutrition in the formation of this indicator: the share of diseases of the digestive system and various metabolic diseases accounted for more than 70 % of the total of substantiated cases to the clinic. We have estimated chemical composition of feed premium, industrial production, assessed according to the standards of the National research Council (NRC) for dogs of small breeds in the period of pregnancy and nursing puppies. We have established the feed requirements of pregnant and lactating bitches (Yorkshire Terrier) for key nutrients and bioactive substances. Recipe is made up and we manufactured food standards NRC from natural ingredients; conducted a scientific experiment to assess the impact of both feed on milk productivity indices of mothers and indicators of growing puppies (body weight at birth, weight gain). We have convincingly demonstrated the advantage of using natural food as from a physiological and economic perspective, as it is accompanied by a marked reduction in the cost of the dog and of the cost of the puppies
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abstract 1351801030 issue 135 pp. 223 – 237 31.01.2018 ru 81
The results of a comparative study of the experimental groups of Holstein animals belonging to the Vis Bey Eidial line are given: four groups of repair calves and four groups of gobies. Their hematological indices were studied at higher daily rates of milk drinking and early training of experimental animals to plant feeds with a probiotic supplement of cellobacterins in the milk period. The difference between the groups was the technology of their cultivation: I-control group - up to 6 months of the age was grown according to the traditional technology adopted in the farm: 200 kg of milk (for 50 days) and 400 kg of return (from 50 to 110 days), and concentrated feeds consisting of pre-fodder (50%) and corn (50%), the same calves received experimental calves; II-test group - up to 6 months increased norm of milk drinking (for 25 days) - 200 kg and 400 kg of return (from 25 to 60 days); III-test group - up to 6 months the increased norm of drinking milk (for 50 days) - 450 kg and return (from 50 to 110 days): heifers - 600, bulls -800kg; IV-test group - up to 6 months an increased rate of milk drinking (for 60 days) - 450 kg and return (from 60 to 120 days): heifers - 600, bulls -800 kg. The calves of all experimental groups were fed a probiotic preparation of cellobacterin in an amount of 3 g for each animal up to 18 months of age. When the experimental animals reach 12-, 15-, 18-months age, hematologic examinations were carried out. It has been established that with the age of experimental animals, metabolic processes are intensified, the change of which was influenced by the use of different norms of drinking milk during the milking period, using a probiotic
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abstract 1351801032 issue 135 pp. 238 – 253 31.01.2018 ru 96
The embryo passes a number of the stages caused by high-quality structural changes in development and following them growth periods. The periods of change of development for the periods of growth are critical and are most sensitive to influence of external factors. The developed differentiated mode provides sharp temperature increase of incubation in the critical periods of development of an embryo. High temperature at separate stages of an incubation has displaced metabolic processes of the developing embryo towards lipidic exchange, at the same time the cholesterol indicator in blood of skilled chickens has grown more than twice, and level alkaline phosphatase by 2,5 times. Synchronization of the hatching was reached due to reduction of the periods embryonic and output on about 10-12 of hours. Operating an embryogenesis in the period of incubation there is an opportunity to influence the level of productional processes of chickens during the post-embryonic period, average daily gains of live weight at cultivation of broilers increase on average by 5-7%