Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Tsatsenko Lyudmila Vladimirovna

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Kuban State Agrarian University

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Articles count: 66

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abstract 1061502031 issue 106 pp. 500 – 511 28.02.2015 ru 1047
The article discusses issues related to humorous, ironic, satirical figure, which is one of the kinds of fine art. Forms, styles and genres graphs of this type were reviewed. The classical method of analysis has been used in the article, only the subject of the analysis was images of various phenomena in agronomic practice. Basic definitions of humorous illustration, showing the history of its creation are presented. In the example of drawn short stories by Dutch artist Herluf Bidstrup we show possibilities of using a humorous picture as a good example of observation of the development of plants. We have marked characteristic features of modern cartoons - the ability to largely reflect the concerns associated with the development and application of new technologies in the agricultural sector and economy. Towards a new form of comic drawing we can consider a meme as a unit of cultural information. The caricature is as follows-known work is presented in an entirely different semantic perspective, it is like tracing paper for lighting any problems. The emphasis is on the possibility of using intelligent and ironic drawings in the teaching discipline of "History and methodology of scientific agriculture" for better learning, remembering and propaganda agronomic knowledge
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abstract 1061502071 issue 106 pp. 1083 – 1097 28.02.2015 ru 617
The issues associated with visualization images of the examined object and the method of sketches or visual notes have been discussed in the article. The images of lagenaria (bottle, shape pumpkins or gourds) in works of art and agrobotanic illustration as a research tool have been selected, with the aim to conduct a visual analysis of the morphological characteristics of bottle gourd for further application of the knowledge gained in archaeogenetics and plant breeding. The article presents images of plants of lagenaria for the period from 1311 to 2014 years. Visual analysis of the morphological characteristics of lagenaria on the basis of visual notes allowed us to identify several key points: the polymorphism of fruits and different duration of the vegetation period, particularly of the reproductive system, which is characterized by different proportions of male and female flowers, the presence of pollinators, night flowering, fruit pubescence on the first stages of development, polymorphism seeds, features maturation based on the size and weight of the fetus. Understanding the range of individual development allows the breeder to submit a complete selection issue, search for new signs will touch the ancient forms of the object, diseases, pests, images which have remained only on the pictures. In our opinion, the method of visual notes can be successfully used in the educational process because it stimulates creativity and cognitive activity of students to search for information about the studied object and its reflection
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abstract 1071503097 issue 107 pp. 1493 – 1511 31.03.2015 ru 858
We attempt to combine professional agronomic knowledge with familiarity with graphic art presented in the form of a poster in the paper. The term "poster" is considered a large loose-leaf edition, combines visual and typographic elements and execute graphic communications. The main idea of the poster is to convey the information to the reader quickly and accurately. In the study of the material we have formed complex scientific and educational resources on the history of agricultural science, including the history of the popularization of agronomic knowledge. In our work, the poster is treated as an object of analysis, as the material of social and cultural analysis and as a tool to gather information on the development of agronomic knowledge through their visualization. In the course "History and methodology of scientific agronomy" one of the competencies of students is familiarity with the methodology popularization of agronomic knowledge, understanding of what is happening. In this regard, an attempt was made to consider the Soviet poster as a source of information on the development of scientific agriculture in the period from 1917 to 1980. The aim was to analyze the main events of this period, elements of the technology of agricultural production, species and varietal diversity of crops, as well as various events in the agricultural sector. The article considers four basic types of posters: promotional, political, instructional, scientific and educational. Each of these types of posters performs its function. The poster covered all stages of agrarian sector of the country, was a historical reflection of the Soviet period and always remained mobile, online and popular art form. Today, his role is small, because it has changed the ways of presenting information. However, its historical role unchanged, he has served as the Foundation of the modern advertising industry, including agronomic knowledge
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abstract 1071503099 issue 107 pp. 1523 – 1537 31.03.2015 ru 905
he article discusses postcards with images related to agro-botanic illustration, the possibility of their use as an information resource in the process of the study course on the history of agriculture. We have given the extensive understanding of agro-botanic illustrations, reviewed the goals and objectives of this type of image. History of agriculture in postcards considered on three types of images: art (reproduction and original) and documentary (photo). For each type of images we have illustrative examples with brief comments. The review is presented with a combined collection covering different countries of the world. The article contains examples of postcards with brief comments. It presents an overview of the collection of postcards from different countries, and an analysis of the examples from the series named "Giant vegetables at the farm" and "Apple family". Thus, the images presented on postcards allow us to obtain the following information: the orientation of the agricultural sector areas (main activities: crop production, livestock, horticulture, viticulture, vegetable growing, etc.); Botanical characteristics of crops (agro-botanic illustration; illustration of certain types of technologies of cultivation of crops (cleaning, plant care, plowing, irrigation); documentary image separate record harvests; historical and cultural traditions associated with the agricultural sector, or in separate areas; the promotion of new crops, varieties, and hybrids of agricultural plants and flower crops; information about crops grown in the region, state, specific areas; paintings covering the agricultural labor of a particular country; promotion of local flora; develops observation; teaches us to think and analyze the information
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abstract 1091505029 issue 109 pp. 500 – 511 29.05.2015 ru 825
The article focuses on the forms of transmission of knowledge in agronomy. We can separate verbal or word form, literary, through books and visual, through the works of art. In this regard, the porcelain is treated as a separate independent resource of information on the history of agriculture in the period from 1917 to 1975. In the study of the history of the popularization of agronomic knowledge in Russia we included visual images of porcelain taken from the catalogues of private collections, books, photographs of exhibitions and illustrations. As a tool of the analysis method we used sketches and visual notes. This article has a brief review of the history of the development of porcelain in our country and we have emphasized the Soviet propaganda porcelain. In the studied period we were highlighting another distinct type of porcelain - peasant porcelain, where the focus was on the images of life and living conditions of rural workers. In the database of images we included the works of leading artists such as N. Dan'ko, V. Kuznetsov, S. Chekhonin, R. Vildie, Z. Kobyletska and many others. In the agitation porcelain there was a reflection of several areas: gathering fruit and vegetables; harvesting; a reflection of village life and rural life; exhibitions and fairs; the theme of work and leisure in rural production. Visual analysis of small forms on the example of images of harvesting showed the most common crops (grapes, cotton, tomatoes, apples, various vegetables). Image of fruits and vegetables are a documentary reflection of the history of spreading and introduction of a number of crops in different agroclimatic zones of the country. Thus, porcelain is one of the sources of information on the history of agriculture in our country, covering a certain period from 1917 to 1975, acting as a separate resource, which clearly reflects the bygone era
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abstract 1091505080 issue 109 pp. 1154 – 1168 29.05.2015 ru 715
In the article on the example of the works of great artists we consider the image of the subject as an object for the study course of "History and methodology of scientific agronomy". The emphasis on the image as the object of study, in the modern world has become popular for several reasons. On the one hand - this is a documentary confirmation of events, the state of the object, and sometimes the only proof of a bygone era. On the other hand – the works of art is multifaceted information about the study area, recorded by the artist with a careful rendering of details, environment, transfer of colors, shapes. The presented approach, the interpretation of art paintings allows us to develop creative potential of students. During the learning process, we have formulated the criteria for material selection: the ability to collect material in accordance with the task; ability to define basic accents and navigate through all the work; the ability to compare the artwork with the selected research topic. The article discusses the experience of creating an electronic database of a library of electronic resources for students so they were able to obtain enough empirical information. It is shown that the created database provide information on: the history of development of agriculture of our country, types of rural labor in Russia, the history of gardens and floriculture, as a branch of agricultural production, tillage instruments, history of agriculture; plant care, history of plant introduction in Russia. The experience of creation of electronic resources through databases, allows the teacher to have a resource for organization rich intellectual environment of the educational process. The value of electronic databases on clusters is that they represent a logical collection of images
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abstract 1111507013 issue 111 pp. 236 – 247 30.09.2015 ru 812
The article considers questions connected with the history of popularization of agricultural knowledge through the agitation textiles. Agitation textiles are similar in content to the propaganda posters, as well as propaganda porcelain. The issues of emergence of the given kind of art are examined in the work. Agitation textile or agit-textile appeared in Soviet Russia in the 1920s. Its authors were members of the textile section. Agit-textile has several titles: themed fabric or agitation tissue, but the essence remains the same - it is a bright, imaginative reflection of the era of great transformations expressed in electrification, industrialization, changes in the military and sports, collectivization. In contrast to the construction of industrialization, the theme of agriculture required an entirely different approach. Even common problems for the country in the village are of particular color. Here it was necessary to not just agitate for something new: it was required to patiently explain why the new better than the old, to prove that it is necessary, inevitable. It is better to see once than to hear many times. The article has shown the history of the agitation textiles, goals and objectives, an illustrative range of tissue samples, as well as an analysis of the agitation textile appearance in 1970 on the example of solving a specific problem
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abstract 1111507014 issue 111 pp. 248 – 259 30.09.2015 ru 722
In our study we try to convey to students the importance of Cytology, as a discipline, with examples of paintings by various famous artists. Visualization of images is an integral part of the science of the cell. Our work focuses on such critical cytological processes such as the preparation of dyes for staining of chromosomes, polyploidy, mitosis and apoptosis. We used a series of works of the artist, D. Eltsevoy, in this regard, an important approach is to convey to students the idea about the optimality of the size of the organism at polyploidy. As the demonstration material on mitosis performs a series of pictures Julia Nudel. The paintings of this artist show the processes of cell division (mitosis) and death (apoptosis). The paintings of this artist show the processes of cell division (mitosis) and death (apoptosis). We have discussed the idea of creating illustrations in units of individual blocks of the course. The use of paintings as illustrations in the course Cytology" promotes the development of imagination, causes cognitive interest of students in the discipline. Using an image as a prop for visual perception of the subject area, paintings immerse the student into an "object" of study. The objective of our work was to conduct a search of the visual images on the example of artists ' canvas, to create an image database with explanations and interpretations. Thus, the use of paintings in the course "Cytology" as a figurative number, affects several processes: abstraction, classification, identification and creation of new, in-depth understanding of the processes occurring in the cell. This approach to the flow of the material through the paintings of painting will help you to understand the importance of particular issues that have given rise to entirely new way of thinking
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abstract 1111507015 issue 111 pp. 260 – 273 30.09.2015 ru 964
The article considers issues related to the history of the popularization of agricultural knowledge by agitation lacquer miniatures. The agitation lacquer miniature in its content and meaning has similarities with such kinds of art as agitation posters, agitation porcelain and agitation textiles. We have discussed issues the emergence of this kind of art. The agitation lacquer miniature or agitlak appeared in Soviet Russia in the 1920s. In the work, we have attempted to analyze one of the most interesting directions of art - propaganda or lacquer miniature agitlak and its role in promoting agricultural knowledge. Agitlak - a term invented by the collector Alexander Andreyevich Dobrovskij, by association with the established terms such as agitporcelain and agit-textile. To achieve this goal the database was created visual images of agitation lacquer miniatures taken from exhibition catalogs, brochures and books. As a tool of the analysis method we have used sketches or visual notes. To use lacquer miniatures as resource information for popularization agricultural knowledge in Russia in the period from 1920 to 1970 there are several topics: change of manual labor by mechanized, types of agricultural works, harvesting, growing of different cultures, experience exchange, attracting the pioneers in the agricultural sector - opytnichestvo. In the work we have shown the history of the development of agitation lacquer miniature, goals and objectives, an illustrative number of samples as well as analyzed lacquer miniatures with scenes of agricultural production
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abstract 1131509012 issue 113 pp. 144 – 155 30.11.2015 ru 658
The article discusses the use of illustrations based on works of art as a resource for information on the history of science and of agronomy is plant breeding in particular. In our work, we used the works of art as a separate independent resource of information in multiple tasks: as a resource for archaeogenetic variety of agricultural crops (pumpkin, gourd, squash, Luffa) as a tool of visual notes in plant breeding, as an independent material analysis introduction agricultural plants. The task of our study was to create base images of agricultural plants on the basis of works of art of past centuries, as a demonstration of the development of scientific breeding of agricultural plants. In this regard, to achieve this goal, we have been collected images of agricultural plants from the 15th to the 21st century, given their modern counterparts. Paintings in the educational process in courses of such disciplines as "History of agronomy" can be regarded as the object of analysis; material for study; a tool for gathering information, the resource information on individual characteristics. A common criterion of the approach to painting, as a tool of analysis, is the fact that an illustration, an image or other biological phenomena, recreate the form, the essence of the research object or phenomenon. It is shown, that the use of paintings as documentary, the changes of plants, in our opinion is interesting and relevant methodical approach in the modern educational technology. The analysis of paintings allows students to penetrate deeper into the image of the investigated object, to enquire about the time of the creation of the painting, to be an independent creative activity in search of information resource