Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Коnоnеnко Sergey Ivanovich

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Kuban State Agrarian University
    North-Caucasus Research Institute of Animal

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Articles count: 32

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abstract 1191605021 issue 119 pp. 293 – 312 31.05.2016 ru 434
The successful development of livestock requires maintaining and further increasing of the genetic potential, the basis for the manifestation of which is the adequite balanced feeding. Currently, one of the most urgent problems of livestock breeding is to find ways for reduction of the negative impact of various feeding factors on the animals. In industrial conditions, it is difficult to exclude various feed stresses, which lead to a decrease in productivity, survival rate and ill health of animals and poultry. The work summarizes the research in this direction, taking into account the achievements of domestic and foreign authors. A serious problem of feed producing companies and livestock farms is the grain and compound feed affection with fungi and their metabolic products - mycotoxins. Based on the results of the research of several authors, the ways of solving this problem were identified and recommendations on the reduction of the negative effect on the body were provided. It is noted, that one of the best and effective ways to reduce the negative effect of mycotoxins on the body is a method of administration of adsorbents in animal feed. But it should be taken into consideration that in order to maximize the protection against mycotoxins and minimize their harmful effects on the body of animals it is necessary to use preparations, which include adsorbents of organic and inorganic nature, as well as to comply with the dosage of their introduction into the diets of animals and poultry.The progressive forms of preparations of a new generation, solving problems of the negative impact of feeding factors, include probiotics, which contain some bacteria, immobilized on the solid particles, so that they inhabit the intestine faster. Modern biological complexes have immune correcting properties, increase non-specific resistance of the organism, normalize microbiocenosis of gastrointestinal tract, and stimulate the functional activity of the digestive system. Therefore, it is necessary to use feed additives with detoxification properties as part of animal compound feed, according to recommendations on their application in appropriate dosages
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abstract 0811207010 issue 81 pp. 115 – 140 30.09.2012 ru 1835
The positive effect of soybean oil meal in combination with biologically active substances on productivity and meat quality was determined in the experiments with young pigs
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abstract 0861302006 issue 86 pp. 55 – 79 28.02.2013 ru 1893
Our introduction of the enzyme preparation MEC-AGRICULTURE-3 into the mixed fodder for young pigs favors increase of live weight by 6.0 % and average daily weight gain by 7.8 %
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abstract 0731109009 issue 73 pp. 89 – 100 30.11.2011 ru 1694
Zoo engineering expediency of triticale utilization as part of combined fodder for pigs in their growing and finishing is studied. Triticale grain may be used as part of combined fodder for young pigs up to 50 %
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abstract 0901306010 issue 90 pp. 135 – 166 30.06.2013 ru 1710
The article gives theoretical and practical justification of sorghum use in animal feeding. The results of the study of organization of forage resources for livestock and poultry with the use of forage sorghum are shown. The ways and directions for the increase of nutritive value and productive effect in the diets for animals and poultry are determined
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abstract 1231609029 issue 123 pp. 421 – 432 30.11.2016 ru 717
This work considers the needs and methods of phage therapy of two bacterial infections in poultry. The review examines the use of bacteriophages, from the moment of their discovery to the present day. We discuss the relevance of such diseases as compilobacteriosis and colibacteriosis transmitted from birds to humans, we show how to use bacteriophages and their efficacy in models of adult birds and chickens, including information provided on the pilot study of phage therapy at a poultry farm. The reported study was partially supported by RFBR, research projects No. 16-44-230855 and No. 13-04- 00991 and № 16-44-230855-р_а
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abstract 1171603016 issue 117 pp. 284 – 304 31.03.2016 ru 356
In the current economic conditions of the import substitution, special importance is given to the search for new feed sources, methods of preparing them for feeding, the use of biologically active substances and enzymes. At the forefront of feed production is rape as breeding work with this culture has showed positive results. Currently, selectionists have bred yellow double-zero "00" varieties of rapeseeds free of erucic acid of "Canole" type, that have low glucosinolate level. The development of new and modern technology standards are required for preparation them for feeding, since they are fundamentally different from the previously used rapeseed varieties and have fewer restrictions for feeding to different types of farm animals and poultry. The article presents a fairly lengthy and reasoned review of the literature of a large number of authors on the topic, as well as given rapeseed market analysis, rational and advanced methods of preparing rapeseed processed products for feeding to young and adult animals. Much attention is paid to the use of a variety of biologically active substances and enzymes, which improve digestion and absorption of nutrients from rations with rapeseed processingproducts, increase productivity and reduce feed costs per unit of production. The use of processing products of rapeseed improves the profitability of livestock production. Feeding of rapeseedcake to cattle increases the protein content and volatile fatty acids in the rumen content, increases the number of infusoria and decreases ammonia levels. The inclusion of rape forage in diets of farm animals and poultry improves hematological parameters. Products of rapeseed processing of the varieties with low glucosinolatesa1re recommended for the rations of farm animals and poultry depending on the species, age and physiological state
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abstract 1181604045 issue 118 pp. 783 – 793 29.04.2016 ru 731
For further increasing pork production and to increase its quality it is necessary to provide complete and balanced feeding of young pigs for fattening. The special place takes the issue of satisfying their physiological needs in macro and micronutrients. The most cost-effective step in these circumstances is using bentonite clays as natural mineral supplements. The aim of this work was to study the effect of the addition of bentonite of Zamankulskaya field on the energy growth, digestibility and the digestibility of nutrients of the diet of young pigs. According to the results of the survey, the best productive effect was when ensuring free access to the bentonite, so that the young pigs of the 3rd experimental group vs control group had significant superiority according to gross and average daily live weight gain and feed products. According to the results of scientific and economic experience, it was found that with free access to the bentonite best economic and useful indicators were observed in the animals of the 3rd experimental group against the control analogs, as they had significant superiority in terms of absolute live weight gain and feed consumption per unit of production. During the physiological exchange of experience the most beneficial effect on the hydrolysis of complex organic compounds had bentonite feeding with free access of pigs. The result was a significant superiority of the experimental animals over the control ones in coefficients of digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, crude fat and NFE. To improve the digestibility and absorption of nutrients in the diet of young pigs it is advisable to feed them with bentonite clay as natural mineral supplements with free access
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abstract 1161602057 issue 116 pp. 821 – 849 29.02.2016 ru 1006
In the decision to establish solid fodder resources in the arid parts of Southern Russia triticale should take its rightful place. It must be introduced instead of winter wheat, inferior to the yield, quality and output of nutrients per unit of area. It is necessary to maximize the potential of new varieties of winter triticale, as the productivity of animals largely depends on the varietal characteristics of the culture. Triticale has attracted special attention by its ability to exceed the parental forms on productivity and quality, and resistance to adverse soil and climatic conditions and the most dangerous disease is not inferior to rye. The generalized data of most researchers characterize triticale as a factor in increasing the productivity of animals and reducing the cost of feed per unit of output, although in some cases there is a negative trend in reduction of productivity by the replacement of cereal grain components for winter triticale. Due to the enrichment of compound feed with triticale grain by enzyme preparations and enzyme-probiotic supplements we can greatly increase productivity, digestibility of main nutrients, improve meat quality and reduce the cost of feed per unit of output. We can increase the productive effect of triticale grain by extrusion. In physiological metabolic experiments, it is found that by extruding of triticale grain the digestibility of the main nutrients is increased by 1.3-1.8%. Extruding of triticale before feeding promotes slaughter yield and increases the levels of protein in the muscle. The use of triticale in rations instead of wheat reduces the cost of the diet, the cost of the manufactured products and increases profitability. The study of achievements of scientists from various scientific organizations necessitates the further breeding work with the culture of triticale and requires the development of innovative technological methods that can help reduce the concentration of pentosans and beta-glucans in the grain
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abstract 1361802030 issue 136 pp. 189 – 200 28.02.2018 ru 474
The main diseases of lactating cows occur in the first two months of lactation, i.e. during the production peak of productivity. They are caused by the changes in metabolism during the transition period, which are not supported by adequate changes in the organization of feeding, or rather sufficient to ensure cows with nutrients, which causes a number of closely related diseases. To allocate any of them is not possible, as their manifestation depends on a number of reasons, and depending on situation may prevail one or the other. Among the most common diseases, there are ketosis, milk fever (paresis of maternity), dysplasia of the abomasum, acidosis, mastitis, endometritis, laminitis and leukemia. These diseases cause the greatest problems in herds with high productivity, and are caused by changes in metabolism in cows in the transition period and the inability to properly feed the animals at this time. To identify the causes of these diseases we do not need to study each of them individually - it is enough to deal with the peculiarities of metabolism. This period includes the month before calving and the first or second month of lactation, but the most important are 3 weeks before calving and 3 weeks later. In order to prevent metabolic disorders there were developed and tested feed for feeding cows before calving and immediately after calving. Their effect was studied on milk production and health status