Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Byshоv Nikоlay Vladimirоvich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Ryazan State Agrotechnological University named after P.A. Kostychev
   

Web site url

Email

kgd5408@rambler.ru


Articles count: 31

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124 kb

A MODERN APPROACH TO POTATO PRODUCTION

abstract 1281704008 issue 128 pp. 146 – 153 28.04.2017 ru 451
Potato has been and remains one of the five world's most important crops. For nearly two hundred years potato in Russia is the "second bread". This is one of the so-called social products. Over the past 20 - 25 years of potato farming in our country, there have been significant changes, both positive and negative. Today, potatoes are grown in different soil and climatic conditions in more than one hundred countries around the world, including the desert oasis and beyond the polar circle. Potato cultivation Center recently has moved to Asia. In our time, the leaders of potato production are China, Russia, India, the US and Ukraine. Over the past few decades the number of produced potatoes has increased by 41% and the area under potato planting only 9.5%. From the above data it is clear that the world potato economy in recent years has got significant changes, indicating that the timeliness and relevance of the material in this article is true
284 kb

ANALYSIS OF METHODS OF DIAGNOSING OF FUEL EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOTRACTOR DIESEL ENGINES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF A HIGHPRESSURE FUEL PUMP

abstract 1231609010 issue 123 pp. 169 – 192 30.11.2016 ru 632
In agriculture the issue of enhancing the efficiency of operation of internal combustion engines (ICE), reducing the costs of maintenance (TO) and repairing (TP) fuel supply apparatus (TA) using the improvement of methods and means of diagnosis is a topical in connection with the aging rolling stock farming and lack of investment. Analysis of the known TA diesel engine vehicles systems showed that the most widespread system is the divided type with multiplunger high pressure fuel pump (fuel pump), while the methods of its diagnosing are laborious, they require partial disassembly and have insufficient accuracy. The mathematical models that characterize the work of a high-pressure fuel pump (fuel pump) use a large number of parameters that significantly affect the quality of dynamics of the change of pressure values of diesel fuel. However, in the materials of previously published articles there were no issues considered assessing the extent of the quantitative impact, performance and features change in the sensitivity settings of the mathematical models on the simulation results, there are no recommendations on the degree of sensitivity and importance of each of the parameters. For a more accurate diagnosis of the fuel supply apparatus of a diesel engine it is advisable to use several methods of diagnosing. The article substantiates development of a mathematical model of a high-pressure fuel pump based on the analysis of modern methods of diagnosing of fuel equipment for autotractor diesel engines
356 kb

CONTACTLESS METHOD OF COPYING THE RELIEF OF THE SOIL WHEN YOU DELETE A POTATO HAULM

abstract 0901306019 issue 90 pp. 319 – 328 30.06.2013 ru 1604
The article has developed the device for non-contact distance measurement, which effectively terrain surface with no mechanical contact with her, just maintaining the distance from the cutting unit to the soil surface
602 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESS OF SORTING POTATO TUBERS BY COLOR INFORMATION

abstract 0891305016 issue 89 pp. 220 – 231 29.05.2013 ru 1341
In the article, the identification device was developed which is able to separate the potato tubers with high maintenance of chlorophyll from the other tubers by analyzing graphic information of potato tubers in the course of sorting
233 kb

DIAGNOSTICS OF THE MOBILE AGRICULTURAL TECHNIQUES USING THE DEVICE OF THE «SAMTEC» COMPANY

abstract 0781204042 issue 78 pp. 491 – 501 30.04.2012 ru 1356
The issue of the article is the procedure of diagnostics of the mobile agricultural techniques based on the implementation of the automatic control electronic systems. In particular, a ternary circuit is being created for the analysis of diagnostic protocols, which allows facilitating the specifying of the protocols, including compiling of documents describing the basic parameters, the structure and the constants of diagnostic protocols
314 kb

EVALUATION OF THE FILTER ELEMENT OF THE FILTER OF THIN CLEARING OF FUEL ON THE BASIS OF THE CHANGE IN PRESSURE IN THE COMMON RAIL FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM

abstract 1041410013 issue 104 pp. 216 – 226 30.12.2014 ru 1523
The article analyzes the results of the evaluation of the filter element of the filter of thin clearing of fuel on the basis of the change in pressure in the common rail fuel supply system depending on mileage
461 kb

FEATURES OF THE APPLICATION OF MODERN TRACTOR TRANSPORT IN THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES FOR THE CULTIVATION OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS

abstract 1261702013 issue 126 pp. 180 – 198 28.02.2017 ru 485
The role of transport in agricultural production is significant. It is the connecting link in the technological chain of the agro-industrial complex (of the APC). On-farm transport in the APC together with cars and tractor transport are widely used. The rationality of the use of wheeled tractors for farm transport substantiates the possibility of their movement on asphalt and on dirt roads. The specific gravity of the tractor transport in the domestic agriculture is 22-27% of the total volume of transport and 50-60% of the volume of farm traffic. A high level of use of tractor transport has been observed in the countries of Western Europe and the USA. In the farms of leading countries of Western Europe (Germany, Italy, France, etc.) about 70- 90% on-farm transport of agricultural goods is done by tractor transport. Tractor transport in a live environment is running on roads with varying terrain, a wavy profile cover, on soils with different hardness and humidity. When driving vehicles at high speeds, the trailer is wobbling from side to side, constantly accompanying tractor transport during its operation. As a result, it is bad for propulsion, transmission, and it deteriorates the dynamic performance properties of equipment, working conditions of the operator. To reduce the amplitude of oscillations of the trailer, the operator is forced to work strenuously with the steering wheel or to slow down the speed, which in turn affects operator fatigue, as well as the performance and maneuverability of the vehicle. Thus, advanced technologies in electronics, sensor technology and software will determine the nature of agro-technical innovations and will lead to increased automation of business processes in crop production with the aim to organize the work more effectively, efficiently, accurately, environmentally friendly and economically feasible. When working with intelligent technologies, understanding the development of high-tech, precision engineering requires a revision to the personnel policy and education in agriculture, which should be based on the relevant organization of farms and their proper new type engineering solutions
450 kb

IMPROVING THE RELIABILITY AND DURABILITY OF THE DEVICE FOR REMOVING THE TOPS WITH CAREFUL TREATMENT OF POTATO TUBERS IN HARVESTING MACHINES

abstract 1191605061 issue 119 pp. 834 – 864 31.05.2016 ru 462
Due to the deterioration of the ecological situation in the world, population tends to eat organically grown foods that are grown either without or with minimal use of chemicals. The development of agriculture in this direction leads ultimately to organic agriculture. To improve the competitiveness of this direction, we need more effective agricultural machines, especially in the last phase of cultivation, namely at the stage of harvesting. One of the most difficult scientific and technical problems with the mechanical harvesting of potatoes is not letting vegetable impurities and tops to fall down in the hopper with the potato tubers, which among other things will improve operational efficiency technology. The article reviewed the various methods for removing the tops, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. The article makes a conclusion about the need for potato top separators in harvesting machines. We have also considered a promising device for removing haulm, a conveyor with flexible fingers on the bars and the clamping beater. Тhe most short-lived structural element of the device for removing haulm, reducing reliability of the device, is flexible fingers mounted on rods. We have proposed to use polyurethane as a material for manufacturing flexible fingers
5762 kb

INCREASE ОF ОPERATIОNAL AND TECHNОLОGICAL INDICATОRS ОF TRANSPОRT AND SPECIAL MACHINERY FОR HARVESTING PОTATОES

abstract 0881304034 issue 88 pp. 510 – 519 30.04.2013 ru 1602
This article deals with the present level of harvesting and transport operations in the production of potatoes and methods of improving the operational and technological parameters of machines with which they are carried out by introducing into their design of innovative devices
176 kb

INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY OF EXPLOITATION OF VEHICLES AND MOBILE AGRICULTURAL DEVICES FOR INNER TRANSPORTATION

abstract 0881304035 issue 88 pp. 520 – 530 30.04.2013 ru 1533
In the article, the questions of increasing productivity exploitation of vehicles and mobile agricultural technology by developing universal vehicles for inner transportations of agricultural products have been reviewed
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