Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Drobot Viktor Aleksandrovich

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Honorary rank

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 8

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699 kb

DEVICE FOR PRE-SAMPLE PROCESSING OF SOIL

abstract 1381804004 issue 138 pp. 18 – 36 30.04.2018 ru 249
The considerable share in prime cost of products of agricultural production is made, now, by power expenses. It promotes that the considerable attention is given power - both resource-saving to the equipment and technologies. Thus, the modern science is faced by a global task – creation of cars and tools of new generation, high-economic, highly productive, less power-intensive and metal-consuming. One of the most power-intensive processes of production of agricultural production is processing of the soil. In this article on the basis of numerous researches use of rotary motion of the soil-cultivating working body allowing to improve a design of tillage machines, to reduce metal consumption, power consumption, to increase quality of work is offered. In this article, we offer the device for preseeding processing of the soil on a frame of which the working bodies in the form of flat disks with sharpening working in the horizontal plane, but with the accounting of an angle of deepening of working body are in chessboard order established. Rotary motion which promotes fuller cutting of rhizomes of weed plants and to improvement of quality of preseeding processing of the soil is forcibly transferred to working bodies. Justification of the offered device, constructive and technological schemes of the tool, conclusions and offers are given in the article
457 kb

IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF FINE SOIL TREATMENT OF HORIZONTAL DISK WORKING ORGANS

abstract 1181604004 issue 118 pp. 75 – 86 29.04.2016 ru 607
The creation of machines and tools of new generation, which represent high-efficiency, highperformance and take less energy and metal is a global challenge for the modern science. In this article, based on numerous studies, it is proposed to use the effect of oscillatory motion in the working body of tillage, improving the design of tillage machines that aims to reduce metal consumption, energy intensity and improve quality of work. A new tillage working body, running in a horizontal plane and having special tabs (blades) allowing it to make a reciprocating rotational motion has been presented. The application of this working body provides agronomic, environmental, energetic and economic efficiency by trimming the layer of the soil and root system of weeds, crumbling soil layer during its interaction with the working surfaces of the blades. Due to the reciprocating rotational motion, the cleaning of the working body is observed. The constructive and technological scheme of the working body and the scheme of forces acting on the proposed working body at the moment of penetration and the rotation of the working body at a certain angle are offered. The conditions for the reciprocating rotational motion of the working body are obtained as well as differential equations allowing considering the process of movement of the working body. The article also reveals expressions for the elementary forces acting on the surface of the blade from the moving layer of soil
470 kb

OPTIMIZATION OF THE SOIL UNIT FOR HORIZONTALLY LOCATED DISK WITH WORKING BLADES

abstract 0911307060 issue 91 pp. 843 – 852 30.09.2013 ru 1052
This article presents the optimization of the proposed unit by the criterion of minimal operating costs , which was made according to the mathematical model, and the block diagram of the algorithm
431 kb

RESEARCH OF THE INFLUENCE OF DESIGN FEATURES OF TILLAGE MACHINES WORKING BODIES ON QUALITY OF THE PERFORMED OPERATION

abstract 1562002011 issue 156 pp. 180 – 191 28.02.2020 ru 40
As a result of the analysis of the scientific question, there is a steady trend of growth in food consumption, especially of plant origin. To this issue, it is also necessary to add the provision of food security of the country and the exclusion of dependence on foreign producers. Thus, before science and production is a serious question of a significant increase in the production of crop products with a slight increase in the cost of these types of work and the main thing is to ensure the preservation of soil fertility. This can be achieved by reducing the use of chemical means of protection, less intensive impact on the treated environment by the running systems of power facilities and the working bodies of machines, but in compliance with the primary requirements for the treated surface. The proposed design of a horizontally arranged spherical disk working body can be used in various tillage machines for shallow and surface tillage. The design of the working body allows reducing the passes of the unit to perform the necessary agricultural requirements for equalization and ridges of the soil. And these indicators have a significant impact on the quality of sowing, which will necessarily affect the yield in the end. Comparative studies of the proposed working body and the same devices used in production show a clear advantage of the new scheme
614 kb

RESISTANCE OF THE SOIL UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF HORIZONTAL DISK WORKING BODY

abstract 1181604003 issue 118 pp. 61 – 74 29.04.2016 ru 672
Tillage plays an important role in the production of cereal and grains. The issues of improving the methods applied for soil treatment aimed at improving its quality significantly influencing crop yield have been considered. Reducing of all types of costs: energy, labor, money was also taken into consideration. In this article, based on numerous studies we have proposed to use the effect of oscillatory motion in the working body of tillage, improving the design of tillage machines, reducing the metal consumption of the machine, the intensity of the process while increasing quality of work. The article reveals issues related to embedding of the new tillage of the working body running in a horizontal plane and having special tabs (blade), allowing it to make a reciprocating rotational motion. This working body provides the undercutting of a soil layer and root system of weeds, the crumbling of the soil layer and its interaction with the working surfaces of the blades. The conditions of the sliding soil layer on the surface of the working body and reducing the pressure of the reservoir to the working body are proposed. It decreases the compression of the reservoir and the tractive resistance. We have substantiated the conditions for reciprocating rotational motion of the proposed disk of the working body in the working plane close to the horizontal, when interacting with a layer of the soil
723 kb

THE NEW FIELD CONSTRUCTION FOR ENGINEERING ASSESSMENT OF SOIL-CULTIVATING WORKING BODIES

abstract 0911307059 issue 91 pp. 834 – 842 30.09.2013 ru 888
The analysis of the existing mechanical ways to determine the traction resistance of agricultural machines and development of new constructions of plants for engineering assessment of soil-cultivating working bodies has been presented in the article
2999 kb

THE SOIL-CULTIVATING UNIVERSAL UNIT APU-1

abstract 1572003014 issue 157 pp. 182 – 206 31.03.2020 ru 53
Ensuring the food security of the country in the conditions of growing consumption of crop products and excluding dependence on foreign producers poses a serious question for science to increase the volume of production while maintaining soil fertility. One of the important tasks in solving this problem is to create a moisture-saving and moisture-accumulating soil layers. This article focuses on the cultivation of winter wheat. In addition to providing moisture in the cultivated layer, crop losses are observed as a result of the defeat of plants by Fusarium. Also, to ensure the co-storage of the fruit layer, it is necessary to reduce the use of chemical means of protection, less intensive impact on the treated surface by the running systems of power facilities and working bodies of machines, but with compliance with the primary requirements for the treated surface. To complete the tasks, we have developed a universal plow with a turning beam. Chisel working bodies are installed on the front of the beam. The formation turnover is performed by the disk working bodies installed further. The main element is a skating rink. The article presents the scheme of sets of plow on different types of work, as a universal combined machine and to perform individual types of work
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