Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Frolov Vladimir Yurievich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 17

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311 kb

ANALYSIS OF METHODS OF TREATMENT OF LEGUMINOUS CROPS WITH SUBSEQUENT PRODUCTION OF FODDERS BASED ON THEM

abstract 1572003016 issue 157 pp. 219 – 231 31.03.2020 ru 159
In this article we consider methods of inactivation of anti-nutrient substances of leguminous crops by means of preliminary treatment: melting and extrusion of grain. It has been found that the main anti-nutrient of legumes is a trypsin inhibitor. It is concluded that it is impossible to use leguminous crops as animal feed without preliminary treatment. We have considered issues of use of leguminous crops in feeding farm animals in the form of flour, cake, extraction cake, protein concentrates, milk, green mass, hay, senage, herbal flour and silage, and it has been established that the most promising direction of preparation of leguminous animals for feeding by agricultural animals is preparation of liquid protein suspension
3337 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FEED PREPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION AT SMALL BUSINESSES COMPANIES

abstract 1221608028 issue 122 pp. 380 – 403 31.10.2016 ru 337
A complete balanced feed mixture includes sunflower cake, silage, beet fodder and roughage that have nutritional value. For preparation and their distribution it is necessary to have the following facilities under provided with reducing energy intensity and improving the qualitative indicators of processes: for the grinding of sunflower cake and beet fodder we need disk shredder plate with a knife, which makes a shock-centrifugal effect on them; silage and roughage – bearnie in which the cylindrical beater with knives and rotary blade rotor with paired cutting knives, respectively, which perform shock-centrifugal influence on them; for dispensing sunflower cake and beet fodders required automatic volumetric dispensers batch cookers operating on open cycle with the working body of the belt; silage and roughage – automatic volumetric dispensers batch cookers operating on open cycle with disc and drum working body, respectively; to mix sunflower cake – universal, mobile rotary mixer with blades periodic operation portion short-term and multi-stage batch mixing in which the material makes circular motions with a high speed of circulation; beet fodder, roughage – universal, mobile paddle mixers with blades of valencianos form of the periodic portion short-term and multi-stage batch mixing in which the material performs a stochastic motion of particles; silage – universal mobile paddle mixers periodic action of short-term and multi-stage batch mixing in which the material makes circular motions with a high speed of circulation of the blades of valencianos form; for distribution of silage and beet fodder – mobile, been feeders with mechanical loading of the feed ration in which the trays with the milling devices; sunflower cake and roughage – mobile, rotary and conveyor feeders with mechanized loading of the feed ration in which the front rotor with a horizontal axis of rotation and the conveyor of the milling devices, respectively
5855 kb

THE APPLICATION OF ASC-ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE RATIONAL DESIGN FEATURES AND PARAMETERS OF THE MODES RELATIVE TO THE SCREW DRUMS FOR MIXING ANIMAL FEED

abstract 1201606001 issue 120 pp. 1 – 48 30.06.2016 ru 395
The authors have developed and manufactured a large number of different designs of relative helical drums for mixing animal feed. We have conducted 749 field experiments with the drums of the 10 different designs with different parameters modes of operation. In all experiments, we measured the quality of the feed mixture. However, directly based on empirical data, rational choice of design features and parameters of the operation modes of the reels is not possible. For this, you must first develop a model reflecting these empirical data. The construction of meaningful analytical models of different types of drums is a difficult and demanding scientific task, the complexity of which is due to the large variety and complexity of forms of drums and their mode of usage, a large number of diverse physical factors affecting the processes in the drum. As a consequence, the development of analytical models associated with a large number of simplifying assumptions that reduce their versatility and reliability. Therefore, it is important to search of a mathematical method and software tools provide a quick and simple for the user to identify and influence the design of the drum and the parameters of the operating modes on the quality of the feed mixture directly on the basis of empirical (experimental) data. The work proposes a solution to this problem with the use of a new universal innovative method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its programmatic Toolkit – universal cognitive analytical system called "Eidos". In the system of "Eidos" we have implemented a software interface that provides direct input into the system large amounts of empirical data from Excel file. Created on their basis in the system of "Eidos" system-cognitive model allows the visual form to reflect the effect of the structure of the drum and the parameters of the operating modes on the quality of the resulting feed mixture and to develop on this basis the science-based and appropriate recommendations for the rational choice of design features and parameters of the modes relative to the screw drums. We have also given a numerical example
583 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF GRINDING ROUGHAGE IN A PRESSED FORM

abstract 1381804002 issue 138 pp. 1 – 10 30.04.2018 ru 466
The article has a classification of fodder shredders developed on the basis of the analysis of the existing technical means for the preparation of fodders. The constructive technological scheme of the grinder for coarse fodder in a pressed form is proposed. The results of experimental studies in solving the optimization problem-finding the optimal combination of constructive-technological factors of equipment are analyzed, in which a predetermined number of all types of feed will be produced with a higher quality. As optimization criteria, the following were chosen: energy intensity, material grinding time, weighted average particle length
194 kb

CLASSIFICATION OF TECHNICAL MEANS FOR PREPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF FEED MIXTURES AT SMALL CATTLE FARMS

abstract 1141510037 issue 114 pp. 514 – 526 30.12.2015 ru 825
To increase the productivity of the cattle it is demanded simultaneous distribution of all types of animal feed in the form of balanced feed mixture with a given nutritional value. Balanced feeding of animals can improve their productivity, reduce feed wastage, and include alternative components of feed mixtures in their diets, which have nourishing properties and high digestibility; make and adjust feeding rations. Researches conducted by Russian and foreign scientists, proved the prospects of full feeding of complete feed mixtures, which allow to increase the productivity of animals to 9-30 % and reduce the feed consumption in the calculation of 1 с of milk by 7-8 %. The composition of complete feed mixtures includes sunflower cake, silage, root crops and forage. The process of preparation and distribution of feeds for large horned livestock is the issue of all the necessary components of the feed mixture with a given nutritional value. Saturation of the feed product with extra energy goes during its interaction with the working bodies of technical means for preparation and distribution (TMPD) of different types of food. For preparation and distribution of components of the feed mixture it is necessary to have following facilities, provided with reducing energy intensity and improving the qualitative indicators of processes: for grinding beet fodder and sunflower cake we need disk shredders; for shredding silage and roughage – bearnie and rotor shredders, respectively; for dispensing of beet fodder and sunflower cake – belt conveyor, for dispensing silage and roughage we use disc and drum dispensers, respectively; for mixing sunflower cake - rotary mixers, and for silage, beet fodder and for-age we may use paddle mixers; for distribution of sunflower cake we use rotary feeders, for silage and beet fodder – bin distributors, and for coarse feed we should use conveyor dispensers
879 kb

EXPERIMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE COOKING PROCESS HIGH-QUALITY FEED GRAIN-BASED SDI

abstract 1011407138 issue 101 pp. 2091 – 2107 30.09.2014 ru 878
Developed a technological line of preparation of high-protein feed based on soybean. The design chopper soaked soybeans, working on the proposed technology
721 kb

ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL MEANS FOR GRINDING FEEDS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION

abstract 1321708032 issue 132 pp. 399 – 424 31.10.2017 ru 1071
The authors have developed classification tools for grinding feeds and the most promising directions in the development of tools for the grinding of forages in reducing energy and metal consumption. We have described chopper stem of feed, which provides high performance and good quality of product. In the article, there is an analysis of existing methods of grinding coarse fodder and their classification. The work presents examples of application of stationary and mobile crushers for crushing of grain and roughage, the technical parameters of the equipment for preparation of feed for feeding
434 kb

ANALYTICAL ASPECTS OF A HIGH-PROTEIN FEED PREPARATION

abstract 0991405058 issue 99 pp. 843 – 856 30.05.2014 ru 1092
The article examines the existing technologies and facilities for the preparation of soybeans for feeding animals, and de-veloped a technological line of preparation of high-protein feed based on soybean. The design of a chopper for soaked soybeans, working on the proposed technology has been pre-sented
157 kb

THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE PROCESS OF PREPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF ROUGH FORAGES FROM ROLLS

abstract 1011407141 issue 101 pp. 2133 – 2143 30.09.2014 ru 1103
We have presented an analysis of hardware designs for preparation and distribution of animal foods and also developed the economical and the mathematical model of the process of preparation and distribution of food. We have developed a constructive-technological scheme of distribution chopper and a theoretical justification of the parameters of the distribution chopper
400 kb

EXPERIMENTAL ASPECTS OF A COOKING PROCESS OF HIGH-QUALITY FEED GRAIN-BASED SEPARATOR

abstract 1011407142 issue 101 pp. 2144 – 2153 30.09.2014 ru 1159
We have offered a constructive flow sheet of a root cleaner. Theoretical and experimental studies of roots purification process have been performed. We have also substantiated the main structural and regime pa-rameters of the proposed cleaner
.