Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Kulyko Ivan Andreevich

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 5

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268 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE PREPARATION CASLLED “VYMPEL” AND MINERAL FERTILIZERS OF NEW GENERATION ON OF SAPERAVI VARIETY

abstract 1111507026 issue 111 pp. 461 – 488 30.09.2015 ru 690
The article presents the results of the studies on the effect of the processing of grape variety Saperavi with a growth regulator called Vimpel with water soluble and foliar fertilizers of new generation - Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium silicon, both in pure form and in a tank mixture. Processing of bushes was performed three times: after flowering, growth phase of berries (berry of a pea), the beginning of ripening berries. We used Vimpel drug and foliar fertilizers such as Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium-silicon, both in pure form and in conjunction with Vimpel; it led to a significant increase in weight of the bunch, bush crop and planting yields. The smallest yield increase was provided by Vimpel. However, the combined use of this drug on a background of Kelik silicon- potassium foliar fertilizer and Nutrivant plus led to a greater increase in yield from the bush than when used fertilizers only. Processing of bushes by Vimpel in combination with a foliar application of Kelik potassium-silicon not only led to a significant increase in crop yields from the bush and plantations, but in two cases of the three it contributed to a significant increase of the mass concentration of sugars in the juice of berries. Using Vimpel, together with Nutrivant plus foliar application for two years out of three promoted maximize yields (23.4 and 18.4%) with a decrease in sugar content, and in one year - an increase in the harvest of 10.4%, with a significant increase in mass sugar concentration (1.92 g / 100 cm3 or 9.2%). Thus, the processing of Saperavi grapes with a growth regulator called Vimpel and water soluble foliar fertilizers of new generation - Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium and silicon is an effective method of increasing the yield and quality of Saperavi grapes
623 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE “VYMPEL” PREPARATION AND MINERAL FERTILIZERS OF NEW GENERATION ON REGENERATIVE PROPERTIES OF GRAPE GRAFTS OF THE SAPERAVI VARIETY

abstract 1011407131 issue 101 pp. 1983 – 2011 30.09.2014 ru 912
There were presented the results of the researches on study of regeneration properties of grape grafts of the Saperavi variety prepared from bushes which were treated with solutions of the “Vympel” preparation and mineral fertilizers of new generation – Nutrivant Plus and Kelik potassium silicon for vegetation period three times. There was studied the influence of preparations on productivity volume from a bush and as well as main indexes of spear- and root-formation ability of grafts; there were determined the presence and degree of correlation connections between productivity from a bush and size characteristics of spears in low zone, as well as the degree of graft maturing and hormone activity of wintering buds on them on the one hand and indexes of root-formation ability of grafts on other hand
261 kb

METHODOLOGY FOR FROST-RESISTANCE DETERMINING OF GRAPE VARIETIES (BASED ON EXAMPLE OF STAGE AND CHARACTER OF DAMAGING WINTER BUDS IN GRAPE BUSHES IN JANUARY 2015 IN ZAO “POBEDA” IN TEMRIUK DISTRICT

abstract 1061502082 issue 106 pp. 1219 – 1242 28.02.2015 ru 733
In January 2015, at the Vineyard and ZAO "Pobeda" in Temryuk District of the Krasnodar region, the thermometer dropped to minus 21,6 C, which resulted in significant damage to the central wintering buds. The article presents a method of determining the degree of damage of wintering buds. Based on the results of inspection of variety by sections divided into 3 groups. Group 1: saved between 40 and 72% central. This group includes the following 7 varieties : Pervenets Magaracha (uch. 64) Gibernal (uch. 74/3), Viorica (uch. 77), Riton (uch. 66), Riesling (uch. 82), Traminer (uch. 73/2), Chardonnay (uch. 73/3). Cutting of bushes should be carried out by the usual way. The task of cutting - compensate the loss of crops due to leaving the greater load. Group 2: Central buds was damaged nearly 70-85%, saved from 20 to 35% of replacement buds. This group includes Merlot (uch. 83), Tsitronyy Magaracha (uch. 69), Augustine (uch. 66), Saperavi (uch. 79), Chardonnay (uch. 74/1), Muscat white (uch. 73) Cabernet Sauvignon (uch. 80). During cutting should be left as much as possible of annual shoots and well-developed secondary shoots. Group 3: damaged more than 85% of central buds, replacement buds significantly damaged . To this group assigned Saperavi (uch. 80), Pinot blanc (uch. 74), Merlot (uch. 80/2), Moldova (uch. 70), Chardonnay (uch. 68), Moldova (uch. 22) Kaberne- Sauvignon (uch. 68), Moldova (uch. 38), Arkadia (uch. 78), Tsimlyansky black (uch. 68). Pre-cutting consists in removing all clearly dead and unusable parts of the bush (dried vines, stumps, annual shoots) that will accelerate the development of shoots from the angular buds and resting buds. Considering the high plasticity of grape plants, can not only in accelerated way to restore the crown of bushes damaged by frost, but also get a crop in the current year, using special methods of agricultural technology
491 kb

PECULIARITIES OF FORMING AGROBIOLOGICAL INDEXES OF REAL FRUITFULNESS ON GRAPE BUSHES SAPERAVI VARIETY UNDER INFLUENSE OF TREATMENT BY “VIMPEL” PREPARATION AND NEW GENERATION FERTILIZER

abstract 1161602094 issue 116 pp. 1462 – 1490 29.02.2016 ru 403
This article deals with the results of the research work concerning the influence of foliar application of grape of Saperavi variety by soluble fertilizers of new generation-Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon. The influence of these fertilizers on yield and actual fruitfulness have also been investigated. The experiments have been carried out both in pureform and in a tankmixture with growth regulator “VIMPEL”. The treatment by these fertilizers has been done three times in the following period; after flowering, in fruit growth phase,(pea-size berry) and in the phase of fruit maturing The foliar treatment in a pure form as well as in a tank mixture led to increase of bunch weight, harvest per bush and the yield capacity of plantation. The influence of fertilizers depended not only on variants of experiment but also on weather conditions of the previous and current year as well as on the previous yield. The negative correlation between the indexes of yield structure of the previous year and the actual fruitfulness of the current year has been revealed. However, the character of these correlative connections depends on many factors and greatly differs according to the year. As a result of these investigations, it was stated that foliar application of Saperavi grape variety by fertilizers of a new generation Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon in a tank mixture with growth regulator “Vimpel” in periods after flowering, berry growth(pea-size berry) and at the beginning of berry maturing did not promote a stable and significant increase of the main indexes of an actual fruitfulness. The real increase observed in all experimental variants was achieved mainly due to the increase of the average weight of the bunch
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