#### Name

Stepanov Vladimir Vasilyevich

#### Scholastic degree

•

#### Academic rank

professor

#### Honorary rank

â€”

#### Organization, job position

Kuban State Technological University

#### Web site url

â€”

â€”

## Articles count: 9

The work is done in scientific and practical directions
for minimization of power losses in transmission of
electricity to local distribution networks between the
actors of the energy (producers and consumers) of
energy-saving technologies focused on technological
activities such as modernization and reconstruction of
networks. Quite often in various circuits of power
systems, it is advisable to transfer energy and its power
through intermediate (transit) nodes. Structural
changes in the electricity sector, at present, are mainly
associated with the introduction of market relations
between the subjects of energy exchange; therefore, in
this work special attention is paid to the problem of
calculating the power losses, as it is nonlinearly
dependent on the power at the nodes and branches of a
network. It should be noted that the nodes in problems
transit capacity could be both sources and consumers.
The latter necessitated the need for search of possible
ways to reduce transportation losses of energy due to
both the improvement and optimization of distribution
networks and through the use of intermediate transit
nodes. It follows that the transportation problem in this formulation is more General and expands the
possibilities of optimization of power losses for the
local subsystems of the energy clusters. The work is
composed of the transport matrix for solving problems
transit capacity, where the algorithm taking into
account the distinctive features of which consist in the
use of continuous numbering of sources and
consumers in the matrix, and any node can be a transit
country. The transit capacity ii-th node Zii=0, and the
dimension of the matrix in contrast to the previously
considered tasks has (n+m) (n+m) and it remains
square as all the transport problems of linear
programming. Transit variables Xii are included in the
solution of the problem with a minus sign, and all
transit variables are considered basic. From the above
example in the work of a number of branches of a
network is minimal, which significantly reduces the
cost of building and maintaining the network, and the
solver minimizes the power loss between the subjects
of energy exchange and, as a result to savings from the
standpoint of cost of construction of the network and
the management of overflows of energy in it

The article considers the most used methods and means of knowledge extraction taking into account the quality assessment of models in decision support systems. In scientific and practical terms, the possibilities of joint effective use of expert systems, data mining (IAD) and machine logical inference (MLV), which provides deeper data processing, taking into account the significant differences between databases (DB) and knowledge bases (BZ). DB is a unit of information unrelated to each other information, while BZ â€“ not only related to each other, but also with the concepts of the world, which makes it possible to solve complex multi-criteria problems in various subject areas. Currently, increasing attention is paid to non-network technologies that have the ability to simulate nonlinear processes, work with noisy data, as well as the ability to learn and self-study, extracting essential features from the incoming information. At the same time, the integration of neural network technologies and artificial intelligence models into a single hybrid system together with the methods of logical inference in the form of a hierarchical sequence of the "If-then" rules structure significantly improves the understanding of the studied process and the quality of presentation of the result. Nevertheless, these methods and means of knowledge extraction are insufficient if the fuzzy linguistic inference mechanism is not used. The basic characteristic of fuzzy sets is the membership function, which is a generalized characteristic of a normal set. To set this feature, we use three types of shapes â€“ triangular, trapezoidal and Gaussian type and two main procedures â€“ phasefication and de-phaseification which is considered by the example of the method of Mamdani. Along with the stated most promising direction in this area is the adaptive gain algorithm called AdaBoost, where the limitation of the gain due to the filtering is to apply the subsampling circuit which has the normal contour of batch training, reusable training data. This provides an opportunity to work with weak models, and in the conditions of hybridization causes efficiency increase, strengthens the classifiers united in the "Committee". Each next set of classifiers is built on objects incorrectly classified by previous sets. AdaBoost is sensitive to data noise and emissions and is less susceptible to retraining, which can significantly reduce the number of examples and obtain better output in the DSS

The article presents a model for choosing a variety of
alternative solutions, in which we have a subset of
turns or more alternative options, based on the use of
the Bayesian approach, based on the formulated
concept of security functions as a priori estimate of the
effects of the decision. This reduces the projected
parameters and, therefore, increases the values of
security. Thus, the considered indicators of data
protection reflect the essence of Bayesian approach to
decision making and management of GIS, so it allows
to generate optimal decision rules

The work is done in a scientific and practical ways to
minimize power losses in the transmission of
electricity in the interregional distribution networks
from the sources to the consumer by the use of tasks,
ensuring the gradual improvement in the support
program, not only from the standpoint of the efficiency
of reduction of transported power loss, but also due to
a significant decrease the complexity of the
calculations. The resulting shortage of electricity
power associated with its transfer to the electricity
networks, has demanded the need to find possible
ways of reducing the value of electricity losses during
transportation, both by improving and by optimizing
distribution net-works schemes. Consolidation into a
single set of electrical equipment, called the power
cluster is connected to the sources of power and energy
consumption, make better use of new principles of
control technology and the transmission of electricity,
on the basis of an automated monitoring system,
ensuring the redistribution of energy flows and
optimize them. The process of electric power
transmission and reduction in electric power loss can be considered on the basis of linear programming
problems, and their modification in the form of a
transportation problem, and as a result, the transport
matrix. On this basis, manipulating the data table, we
can find acceptable solutions, well and then determine
the best of them. As examples, this work has carried
out the study on the basis of the three methods -
"northwest corner", the method of minimum unit cost
of electricity transport, as well as the method of the
potential. The use of these three methods yielded
acceptable solutions, to identify the most appropriate
for the number of steps carried out at the decision, to
reveal that the winner is the potential cost method

The work was carried out not only in the scientific, but
also in practical directions, the key part of which was
the modeling of the system. Consideration of the
presented modeling processes occurred on the basis of
the delivered pedagogical experiment associated with
the introduction in the discipline "Engineering
Graphics" of a new tool for the military educational
institution to obtain the final graphic design document.
The purpose of the experiment included a comparative
analysis of modeling tools (manual and machine) and
their impact on the production of the final product
(drawing). As a tool, the computer-aided design
system Ðšompas-3D was used. The presented research
was worked out in practical classes of the specified
discipline, the theme of one of them was "Image of
thread and threaded connections". With the help of the
graphic editor Compass-3D, a model of the shaft and
bushing with the specified thread profile was obtained,
as well as the assembly unit based on them. The entire
way of obtaining the above objects for convenience
and ease of perception has been broken down into
certain stages. The results of the pedagogical
experiment were very satisfactory; the goal of the
practical training was fully achieved

The article deals with mathematical models of
management decision-making to select the option to
protect the AU, based on sufficient statistical
information about attacks on the AU. The amount of a
priori uncertainty about the choice of protection option
in GIS was described with Boltzmann's entropy.
Introduction of the value within Shannonâ€™s definition
of mutual information is called the context random
variables, it allows removing the uncertainty regarding
the actions of the enemy, and it enables decisionmakers
to choose protection options. The model of
decision for choosing the type of protection of the AIS
presented in the article is based on sufficient statistical
information about the attacks to the system
components. In the ideal case, for decision-making,
we use large sample statistical data that provides high
accuracy control system for protection of information.
Based on the available amount of information
available to the IPA, against the acts of SIN, it is
possible to choose a decision on the choices you make

The article deals with the complexity of the construction of engineering theories in both scientific and practical direction based on the use of non-traditional approach to the problems of effective data monitoring, especially in the field of control systems of multicomponent representation of objects of system analysis. The study of the complexity of this issue involves a detailed consideration of the relationships of the elements of these objects on the basis of known methods, while the integration of heterogeneous knowledge obtained by such often independent methods becomes very time-consuming and poorly formalized. Currently, the processing of information and its subsequent presentation have changed significantly through the use of data mining (IAD), which includes not only the organization of the knowledge system in various missile defense, but also in the field of DSS. This, in turn, contributes to the effective formalization of fuzzy information and processing it in the form of fuzzy algorithms, which is an extension of the decision support system based on fuzzy logic â€“ DSS NL. At the same time, it is necessary to emphasize the features of the proposed approach of the DSS NL, which is that it can be used in various missile defense systems, including for the effective analysis of statistical information of multicomponent representation of objects, which is used in determining statistical indicators to identify and assess existing and potential risks, adverse situations, as well as in the preparation of motivational grounds for managerial decision-making. For the purpose of more detailed establishment in real missile defense of the relations between objects it is offered to carry out by means of various degrees of dependence. For example, the types of graded connections are considered as fuzzy objective connections, and the use of expert systems and semantic links led to the construction of hypotheses analysis of situations and semantic relationship between them. A significant difference of the considered DSS NL is that each model is formed on the basis of a separate semantic network, and the system itself works with several models of Pro related or unrelated to each other. On the basis of the use of the concept of the relationship of proximity between concepts, belonging to the situation, its information part of the recommendations Are grouped according to the selected situation for their subsequent analysis and decision-making. On the basis of the principle of coordinating actions and construction of the function, taking into account the optimal time of the control action, the General algorithm of decision support for emergency production situations in the Pro low-rise construction, both in urban and rural areas

The work is scientific and practical in nature, same as
the discussed process of optimization of power losses
in power networks based on the use of the
transportation problem, namely the rules of the
minimum element of the transport matrix, which is a
valid solution. The mechanism of the improvement of
the obtained feasible solutions to the tasks focuses on
using the potential method, assigning each row and
column of the matrix their corresponding potential.
Using a basic variable and manipulating the elements
of the transport matrix according to a specific
algorithm, we implement the construction of a new
support plan. Based on the plan and its acyclic, we
build two cycles and determine the values of the
estimates between direct and indirect transportation costs per unit of output. The resulting algorithm makes
it easy to program all computational operations and
quickly obtain the result of the optimization of power
losses in the design of the electricity network, thereby
reducing the economic and technological costs. As a
result of joint use of transportation problems and
potential method, we could find the optimal solution
based on improved solutions more efficiently, and a
scheme of optimal electric network. As consumers, in
practice, there may be urban and agricultural,
industrial enterprises, regional and district
subordination, including industrial, agricultural and
individual customers