Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Emtyl Zarema Yanvarbievna

Scholastic degree

• Dr.Sci.Hist.

Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Technological University
   

Web site url

Email


Articles count: 3

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167 kb

CREATING NATIONAL LITERATURE AS A FACTOR IN THE SOVIETIZATION OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS (TO THE HISTORY OF ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS)

abstract 1111507100 issue 111 pp. 1531 – 1545 30.09.2015 ru 884
The article describes the creation and use of the national literature and national Circassia’s language, as a major factor of Sovietization of the North Caucasus in the process of integration of the region in Soviet geopolitical space in the 1920s-1930s. The article is made in the framework of regional competition: "The North Caucasus: Tradition and Modernity" in 2014 - the Krasnodar Territory. 14-11-23007 Project Type "(p)", the theme: "The Role of the national intelligentsia in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space of the. Nineteenth century. - 20-ies. Twentieth century. (based on the Adyghe people). " It is pointed out that the development of the national writing by Circassian intelligence became not only an important matter of national life of Adyghe people, but also a key part of the national policy of the Soviet authorities towards national minorities. It is noted, that in many respects, revolutionary events in Russia became one of the most powerful external factors that stimulated the revitalization of Circassian intelligentsia in the development and diffusion of national literature. It is shown that in the course of the policy of "language building" in the national autonomies within the first twenty years of the Soviet government the graphics based writing changed three times (Arabic, Latin, Russian) and three times they were eliminating illiteracy. The conclusion is that intellectuals deprived of the possibility to solve these issues, and a key influence on the development of national literature evolution of Circassians had views of the Bolsheviks in the language policy. In general, the issue of writing, mostly related to the problem of education in specific historical circumstances, has acquired great social and political importance, and has become an important part of the national policy of the Soviet government in matters of Sovietization of the North Caucasus
150 kb

LOCAL HISTORY OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS AS A FACTOR OF INTEGRATION OF THE REGION IN THE SOVIET GEOPOLITICAL SPACE (TO THE HISTORY OF ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS)

abstract 1111507099 issue 111 pp. 1518 – 1530 30.09.2015 ru 927
The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)». The article is made in the framework of regional competition: «North Caucasus: tradition and modernity» 2014. – Krasnodar region. 14-11-23007 the type of project «A (P)» The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)».Formation of the Soviet national local history through adyghe intelligentsia began in 20-ies. The active participation of the twentieth century intellectuals in the regional movement was caused and anxiety for the fate of cultural heritage and culture in general, and the changes in the conditions of work and life. Everywhere there were different forms of organization and scale of local history, which set themselves common objectives: a comprehensive study native land, to disseminate knowledge about the homeland of the people. The study region was closely connected with the identification, collection, accounting, protection and use of a variety of historical and cultural monuments. "Golden Age" of the national local lore came in the first post-revolutionary decade. During this period, the efforts of national intelligence unified both within the local history organizations and leading independent research has done a great organization, research served as the basis for further research activities. There was intense accumulation of sources, there were papers on various subjects of national history, attempts writing generalizing works, establish cooperation with the regional and central and local history research organizations
183 kb

THE EXPERIENCE OF COOPERATION OF THE SOVIET AUTHORITIES AND THE MUSLIM CLERGY OF THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS IN THE CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL SPHERES IN THE BEGINNING OF THE 20-IES OF THE XX CENTURY (ON THE MATERIALS OF THE ADYGHE PEOPLES)

abstract 1311707095 issue 131 pp. 1141 – 1155 29.09.2017 ru 294
The article describes the cooperation of the Soviet authorities and the Muslim Clergy of the Northern Caucasus in cultural and educational spheres in the beginning of the 20-ies in the XX century. The article is written in the framework of the regional competition of RFFI: "The North Caucasus: Tradition and Modernity" in 2017 – Krasnodar region. 17-11-23005 the type of project «a(p)», the subject is «The Soviet authorities and the Muslim Clergy of the Northern Caucasus in 1917- 1920s: The Experience of the Cooperation (on the materials of the Circassian peoples). It is noted that organization of wide cultural and educational activity performed by the Bolsheviks on The North Caucasus was the most important condition for organic participation of the region into the Soviet social and political space. The main efforts were concentrated on the formation and creation of a national script. Eventually аs a result of the interaction between the Soviet authorities and the Muslim clergy, there was a formation of new cultural needs and significant sociocultural changes in Circassian society in accordance with the political and ideological demands of the new government
.