Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Saviсhenko Dmitiy Leonidovich

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Kuban State Agrarian University

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Articles count: 10

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abstract 1231609120 issue 123 pp. 1786 – 1800 30.11.2016 ru 553
The phenomenon of fasciation on the example of higher plants was considered. The effect of fasciation on the various particularities of plants has been shown. The numerous examples of the different groups of plants with fasciation bodies are given. We have demonstrated that the phenomenon of fasciation is more common for cultivated plants than for wild. In most cases, fasciation is considered as an exceptional phenomenon. A number of authors have distinguished fasciation to inheritable and non-inheritable. The first is caused by internal reasons. The second is the influence of external factors such as insect damage, injury, weather conditions. The number of regularities was installed: reproductive bodies of plants fasciationing more often; thermophilic forms are more likely to be fasciation. The images of different cultures with fasciation parts are given. We discuss using the introduction of the term ”connаtions” as morphological abnormalities. Fasciation can be considered as a marker trait for the cause of this phenomenon with violation of ecological situation. The plants with morphosis, including fasciation of the certain parts of bodies, can act as indicators of environmental pollution. The study of the phenomenon of fasciation in higher plants can be regarded as a method of breeding for large fruit size. From one side, to establish the adaptation abilities of newly created genotypes. Thus, the phenomenon of fasciation has affected many areas of science. On the other side, it is proof of the violations caused by environmental factors. On the other hand, it is hereditary reasons, and can also serve as a model for studying morphogenesis
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abstract 1141510043 issue 114 pp. 586 – 595 30.12.2015 ru 1199
In our study we attempt to analyze a new form of illustration − the meme that is widely used in science and educational process. To achieve this goal we had to assemble a collection of images to catalog and description in order to understand the new role of the illustrative image. Meme is defined as a unit of cultural information. According to the definition of Wikipedia, a meme can consider any idea, character, manner or way of doing things, consciously or unconsciously transmitted from person to person through speech, video, writing, rituals, drawings, gestures, etc. The term meme and the concept of the meme was proposed by evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins in 1976 in his book "the Selfish gene". The article shows illustrative examples of memes based on the artwork and paintings of the great masters of painting, considered the use of created images. It shows the history of illustrative memes and transformation of images in the modern world of science and education. Using memes in scientific work, as a form of illustration, it can be noted that visualization of the object of research allows you to develop visual thinking, which has identified a number of functions: cognitive, communicative, methodological. Cognitive function is manifested in the ability to cognize an object through an image, communicative – explain the problem or task through the image; methodological – to build research with consideration of the peculiarities of the structure and morphology of the object
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abstract 1401806024 issue 140 pp. 100 – 111 29.06.2018 ru 365
The article deals with the realization of the re-productive potential of wheat with the use of multi-flower formation as a model object of winter soft wheat plants. The essence of the concept of "reproductive potential" is disclosed, as well as the significance of this concept for research aimed at increasing the productivity of wheat plants. The data obtained during the study and analysis of varieties of winter soft wheat with the sign of multi-flower formation are given. The reproductive potential of winter soft wheat plants was determined by counting flowers at the VI stage of organogenesis. The examined multi-flower forms of soft winter wheat compared with Krasnodar breeding varieties showed increased reproductive potential, as well as an increased number of grains with the ear, but with a reduced mass of 1000 grains. According to the data obtained, the degree of the reproductive potential of multi-flower forms of winter soft wheat varied significantly, depending on the weather and climate conditions of the year of the study. In conclusion, the choice of multi-flower formation of winter soft wheat as a model object for investigating the reproductive potential of wheat, as well as the factors that influence its implementation and the extent of such influence is justified
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abstract 1131509012 issue 113 pp. 144 – 155 30.11.2015 ru 820
The article discusses the use of illustrations based on works of art as a resource for information on the history of science and of agronomy is plant breeding in particular. In our work, we used the works of art as a separate independent resource of information in multiple tasks: as a resource for archaeogenetic variety of agricultural crops (pumpkin, gourd, squash, Luffa) as a tool of visual notes in plant breeding, as an independent material analysis introduction agricultural plants. The task of our study was to create base images of agricultural plants on the basis of works of art of past centuries, as a demonstration of the development of scientific breeding of agricultural plants. In this regard, to achieve this goal, we have been collected images of agricultural plants from the 15th to the 21st century, given their modern counterparts. Paintings in the educational process in courses of such disciplines as "History of agronomy" can be regarded as the object of analysis; material for study; a tool for gathering information, the resource information on individual characteristics. A common criterion of the approach to painting, as a tool of analysis, is the fact that an illustration, an image or other biological phenomena, recreate the form, the essence of the research object or phenomenon. It is shown, that the use of paintings as documentary, the changes of plants, in our opinion is interesting and relevant methodical approach in the modern educational technology. The analysis of paintings allows students to penetrate deeper into the image of the investigated object, to enquire about the time of the creation of the painting, to be an independent creative activity in search of information resource
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abstract 1572003021 issue 157 pp. 282 – 292 31.03.2020 ru 160
The work is devoted to studying the productivity of an ear of winter soft wheat samples from the collection of the All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources named after N.I. Vavilov (VIR). The study attempted to conduct a pre-selection study of collection material on the elements of spike productivity. The concept of pre-selection research is based on the study of initial collection material according to given characteristics in order to identify the best genotypes for further use in breeding practice. In the analysis of the collection material, the following characteristics were used as indicators of spike productivity: length of the main spike (cm), number of spikelets in the main spike (pcs), number of grains in the main spike (pcs), grain weight from the main spike (g), 1000-kernel weight (g). Plant height was one of the basic indicators of the studied material, because a number of samples differed in alleles of short-stem genes. According to the results of two years of research, according to the indicator «1000-kernel weight», the varietal sample Cologna lunga razza 188 (Italy) was identified as 71,20 g. According to the indicator «number of grains in an ear», the varietal sample Fenotipo 1 (Italy) was 57,3 g. Also according to the totality of indicators, the varietal sample Kaloyan (Bulgaria) with an average of two years of research with a 1000-kernel weight – 51,77 g, the number of grains in an ear – 51,6 pcs. and a mass of grains per ear – 2,71 g.
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abstract 1291705055 issue 129 pp. 746 – 757 31.05.2017 ru 557
In the article, the methods of representation, popularization and propagation of scientific achievements of agronomy in the Soviet period are considered. This topic may be interesting not only as an example of methods for educating young people about the current achievements of agriculture, but also serves as a valuable source of knowledge on the history of agronomy. This article considers the use of such of conveying information as a cartoon. Along with such forms of fine arts as: a poster, textiles, postage stamps and lacquer miniature, a cartoon is an example of data visualization. Having a background of an easy and sometimes jocular narrative, the necessary information is delivered to the viewer. After watching the cartoon, a person who is not previously acquainted with this issue will already have a general idea about it. A specialist, paying attention to details, is able to see and highlight the information necessary for himself, such as history and peculiarities of cultivation of the culture. In this article, as an example, we have considered the Soviet cartoon "Chudesnitsa." It tells about the appearance of corn in our country and the reasons for its sharply increased popularity. The article lists scenes of the cartoon that carry information directly on the history and technologies of agriculture, as well as on the accompanying industry. The effectiveness of this method of information transmission to people of all ages and professions is noted, as well as multitasking of its use in the educational program of specialists
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abstract 1301706039 issue 130 pp. 527 – 553 30.06.2017 ru 558
The article is devoted to the methods of popularization of knowledge on scientific agronomy that was used in the Soviet period. Methods of visual transmission of information such as postcard, badge, matchbox label, agitation poster, textiles and porcelain, as well as an animated film have been considered. The influence of these methods on the development of agriculture is shown. At the same time, the reverse process is also the effect of the progress and achievements of agriculture on the art of that time. Each method is unique and the article describes the scope and influence of each of them on the society of that time. An extensive database has been collected for each examined method and images analyzed in terms of the history of agronomy and technologies used in agriculture, as well as their use in the popularization of this sector. The use of such methods of information transfer in the present time is noted, both for solving such an urgent problem - increasing the prestige of agriculture, and in the educational process of specialists of this industry. The materials described in the article are recommended for introduction to the course "History and methodology of scientific agronomy". It is shown that the given resources could contain a large number of useful and even unique information, which makes them an object for collection, detailed study and structuring in databases
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abstract 1281704071 issue 128 pp. 1038 – 1050 28.04.2017 ru 455
The article is devoted to visual analysis and its application in the selection process. New possibilities of application of visual display of information in the research process are considered. We have presented the examples of the use of visual phenotyping in breeding, evaluated the advantages and disadvantages in this area. In particular, the algorithm of the program of LHDetect for estimating leaf pubescence of wheat wafers is described, based on the analysis of digital images of the sheet bend. We have also considered Phenotiki platform that uses digital images of the profile of plants for visual phenotyping to assess plant growth. Based on the analysis of various studies it was noted that the application of visual analysis for some purposes is very effective, but for others, on the contrary, not effective. We highlight the actual problems of proper representation and converting information. The article shows the various causes of loss and distortion of data, as well as possible solutions to these problems. The work describes the application of ASK-analysis in the selection process. As an example, it describes the evaluation of the polymorphism of variety groups of grapes. We have presented interesting solutions and ways to minimize distortion and loss of information in the process of its transformation found by the authors of these works. The article reveals the concept of "computational biology" and describes fundamental differences from other areas as well as tasks, problems, possible research areas and promising directions of development of computer biology