#### Name

Lutsenko Yevgeniy Veniaminovich

#### Scholastic degree

•

#### Academic rank

professor

#### Honorary rank

—

#### Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University

#### Web site url

## Articles count: 271

In the article, on a small numerical example, we consider the similarity and difference of symptoms and syndromes according to their diagnostic meaning, i.e. according to the information they contain about the belonging of conditionals of animals to different nosological images. This problem can be solved for veterinary with the use of a new method of agglomerative cognitive clustering, implemented in Automated System-Cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis). This method of clustering differs from the known traditional methods in: a) in this method, the parameters of the generalized image of the cluster are calculated not as averages from the original objects (symptoms) or their center of gravity, but are determined using the same basic cognitive operation of ASC-analysis, which is used to form generalized images of the classes based on examples of objects and which really correctly provides a generalization; b) the similarity criterion is not the Euclidean distance or its variants, but the integral criterion of non-metric nature: "the total amount of information", the application of which is theoretically correct and gives good results in unortonormated spaces, which are usually found in practice; c) cluster analysis is carried out not on the basis of initial variables, frequency matrices or matrix of similarity (differences), depending on the units of measurement on the axes (measurement scales), but in cognitive space, in which one unit of measurement is used for all axes: the amount of information, and therefore the results of clustering do not depend on the initial units of measurement of features of objects. All this allows us to get the results of clustering, understandable to specialists and amenable to meaningful interpretation, well-consistent with the experts ' assessments, their experience and intuitive expectations, which is often a problem for classical clustering methods

The article deals with the similarity and difference of nosological images in veterinary medicine using a new method of agglomerative clustering implemented in Automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) on a small numerical example. This method is called Agglomerative cognitive clustering. This method differs from the known traditional facts: a) parameters of a generalized image of the cluster are computed not as averages from the original objects (classes) or their center of gravity, and are defined using the same underlying cognitive operations of ASC-analysis, which is used for the formation of generalized images of the classes on the basis of examples of objects and which is really correct and provides a synthesis; b) as a criterion of similarity we do not use Euclidean distance or its variants, and the integral criterion of non-metric nature: "the total amount of information", the use of which is theoretically correct and gives good results in non-orthonormal spaces, which are usually found in practice; c) cluster analysis is not based on the original variables, matrices of frequency or a matrix of similarities (differences) dependent on the measurement units of the axes, and in the cognitive space in which all the axes (descriptive scales) use the same unit of measurement: the quantity of information, and therefore, the clustering results do not depend on the original units of measurement features. All this makes it possible to obtain clustering results that are understandable to specialists and can be interpreted in a meaningful way that is in line with experts' assessments, their experience and intuitive expectations, which is often a problem for classical clustering methods

The article proposes using the automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its software tool, which is the system called "Eidos" for synthesis and application of adaptive intelligent measuring systems to measure values of parameters of objects, and for system state identification of complex multivariable nonlinear dynamic systems. The article briefly describes the mathematical method of ASC-analysis, implemented in the software tool – universal cognitive analytical system named "Eidos-X++". The mathematical method of ASC-analysis is based on system theory of information (STI) which was created in the conditions of implementation of program ideas of generalizations of all the concepts of mathematics, in particularly, the information theory based on the set theory, through a total replacement of the concept of “many” with the more general concept of system and detailed tracking of all the consequences of this replacement. Due to the mathematical method, which is the basis of ASC-analysis, this method is nonparametric and allows you to process comparably tens and hundreds of thousands of gradations of factors and future conditions of the control object (class) in incomplete (fragmented), noisy data numeric and non-numeric nature which are measured in different units of measurement. We provide a detailed numerical example of the application of ASC-analysis and the system of "Eidos-X++" as a synthesis of systemic-cognitive model, providing a multiparameter typization of the states of complex systems, and system identification of their states, as well as for making decisions about managing the impact of changing the composition of the control object to get its quality (level of consistency) maximally increased at minimum cost. For a numerical example of a complex system we have selected the team of the company, and its component – employees and applicants (staff). However, it must be noted that this example should be considered even wider, because the ASC-analysis and the "Eidos" system were developed and implemented in a very generalized statement, not dependent on the subject area, and can successfully be applied in other areas

Adequate and effective assessment of the efficiency, effectiveness and the quality of scientific activities of specific scientists and research teams is crucial for any information society and a society based on knowledge. The solution to this problem is the subject of scientometrics and its purpose. The current stage of development scientometrics differs greatly from his previous appearance in the open as well as paid on-line access to huge amount of detailed data on a large number of indicators on individual authors and on scientific organizations and universities. The world has well-known bibliographic databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Astrophysics Data System, PubMed, MathSciNet, zbMATH, Chemical Abstracts, Springer, Agris, or GeoRef. In Russia, it is primarily the Russian scientific citing index (RSCI). RSCI is a national information-analytical system, accumulating more than 9 million publications of Russian scientists, as well as the information about citation of these publications from more than 6,000 Russian journals. There is too much information; it is so-called "Big data". But the problem is how to make sense of these large data, more precisely, to identify the meaning of scientometric indicators) and thus to convert them into great information ("great information"), and then apply this information to achieve the objective of scientometrics, i.e. to transform it into a lot of knowledge ("great knowledge") about the specific scientists and research teams. The solution to this problem is creating a "Scientific smart metering system" based on the use of the automated system-cognitive analysis and its software tools – an intellectual system called "Eidos". The article provides a numerical example of the creation and application of Scientometric intelligent measurement system based on a small amount of real scientific data that are publicly available using free on-line access to the RSCI

Traditionally, control decisions are made by solving repeatedly the forecasting problem for different values of control factors and choosing a combination of them that ensures the transfer of the control object to the target state. However, real control objects are affected by hundreds or thousands of control factors, each of which can have dozens of values. A complete search of all possible combinations of values of control factors leads to the need to solve the problem of forecasting tens or hundreds of thousands or even millions of times to make a single decision, and this is completely unacceptable in practice. Therefore, we need a decision-making method that does not require significant computing resources. Thus, there is a contradiction between the actual and the desired, a contradiction between them, which is the problem to be solved in the work. In this work, we propose a developed algorithm for decision-making by solving the inverse forecasting problem once (automated SWOT analysis), using the results of cluster-constructive analysis of the target states of the control object and the values of factors and a single solution of the forecasting problem. This determines the relevance of the topic. The purpose of the work is to solve the problem. By decomposing the goal, we have formulated the following tasks, which are the stages of achieving the goal: cognitive-target structuring of the subject area; formalization of the subject area (development of classification and descriptive scales and gradations and formation of a training sample); synthesis, verification and increasing the reliability of the model of the control object; forecasting, decision-making and research of the control object by studying its model. The study uses the automated system-cognitive analysis and its software tools (the intelligent system called "Eidos") as a method for solving the set tasks. As a result of the work, we propose a developed decision-making algorithm, which is applicable in intelligent control systems. The main conclusion of the work is that the proposed approach has successfully solved the problem

In the article the current version and some prospects of development of Universal cognitive analytical Eidos system - one of the oldest really working domestic universal systems of an artificial intellect widely applied and developing nowadays is shortly described

The article proposes to use the automated systemcognitive
analysis (ASC-analysis) and its software tool
which is "Eidos" system to solving multiparameter
typing, system identification and cartographic visualization
of spatially-distributed natural, environmental
and socio-economic systems. Imagine, that we have an
original point cloud with coordinates (X,Y,Z), each
with known values of gradation descriptive scales of
nominal, ordinal, or numeric type S(s1,s2,...,sn). Then
the "Eidos" system provides: 1) building a model that
contains generalized knowledge about the strength and
the direction of the influence of descriptive gradations
of scales at Z=M(S); 2) estimation of the values of Z
for points (X,Y) described in the same descriptive
scales S(s1,s2,...,sn), but not a part of the original point
cloud; 3) a cartographic visualization of the spatial
distribution of values of the function Z=M(S) for
points outside the initial cloud, using Delaunay triangulation.
Basically, this means that the "Eidos" system
ensures recovery of the unknown function values on
the grounds of the argument and implements it in a
generic setting, independent of subject area. We propose
a new scientific concept called "Geo-cognition
system", which is defined as a software system that
provides conversion of source data into information,
and knowledge in visualization and mapping of this
knowledge, resulting in the cognitive map becomes
graphics. This feature can be used to quantify the degree
of suitability of the watersheds for cultivation of
certain crops, the evaluation of the ecological situation
on particular territories on the structure and intensity
of anthropogenic load, visualization of results of forecasting
of earthquakes and other unwanted risks or
emergencies, as well as for solving many other similar
mathematical essence of tasks in a variety of subject
areas. We have also shown a simple numerical example