Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Shvets Sergey Vladimirovich

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associated professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 2

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4120 kb

HOW TO SOLVE THE TASK OF CLASSIFICATION OF TYPES OF RIFLE AMMUNITION USING THE METHOD OF ASCANALYSIS

abstract 1171603055 issue 117 pp. 841 – 875 31.03.2016 ru 423
In forensics there is an urgent need to determine the type of rifle (automatic, rifle, large caliber pistol) depending on its used ammunition found at the scene of the use of weapons. We offer a solution to this problem with the use of new innovative method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its program toolkitwhich is a universal cognitive analytical system called "Eidos". In the "Eidos" system we have implemented the software interface that allows posting of images and identifying their outer contours. By multivariable typing, the system creates a systemic-cognitive model, the use of which, if the model is sufficiently accurate, may be helpful in solving problems of system identification, prediction, classification, decision support and research of the modeled object by studying its model. For this task the following stages: 1) input images of ammunitions into the "Eidos" system and creation of their mathematical models; 2) the synthesis and verification of the models of generalized images of ammunition for types of weapons based on the contour images of specific munitions (multiparameter typing); 3) improving the quality of the model by separating classes for typical and atypical parts; 4) quantification of the similarities-the differences between specific types of munitions with generic images of different types of ammunition of the weapon (system identification); 5) quantification of the similarity-differences between types of ammunition, i.e. cluster-constructive analysis of generalized images of ammunition. A numerical example is given. We also possess a successful experience of solving similar problems in other subject areas
4550 kb

HOW TO SOLVE THE TASK OF CLASSIFICATION OF TYPES OF RIFLE AMMUNITION USING THE METHOD OF ASCANALYSIS

abstract 1181604001 issue 118 pp. 1 – 40 29.04.2016 ru 638
In criminology, there are actual problems of determining the type (machine gun, rifle, large caliber, pistol) and a particular model of small rifle for its ammunition, in particular, discovered in the use of weapons. The article proposes a solution to this problem with the use of a new innovative method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASCanalysis) and its programmatic toolkit – a universal cognitive analytical system called "Eidos". In the system of "Eidos", we have implemented a software interface that provides input to the system images, and the identification of their external contours on the basis of luminance and color contrast. Typing by multiparameter contour images of specific ammunition, we create and verify the system-cognitive model, with the use of which (if the model is sufficiently reliable), we can solve problems of system identification, classification, study of the simulated object by studying its model and others. For these tasks we perform the following steps: 1) enter the images of ammunitions into the system of "Eidos" and create mathematical models of their contours; 2) synthesis and verification of models of the generalized images of ammunition for types of weapons based on the contour images of specific munitions (multivariate typology); 3) quantification of the similarities-differences of the specific ammunition with generalized images of ammunition of various types and models of small rifle (system identification); 4) quantification of the similarities-differences of the types of munitions, i.e. cluster-constructive analysis
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