Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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513 kb

RURAL SETTLEMENTS AND LANDS OF KRESTETSKY UYEZD DUE TO THE MATERIALS OF THE FIRST LAND CADASTRES AND EVALUATIONS OF RUSSIAN SOIL SCIENTISTS

abstract 1241610044 issue 124 pp. 695 – 707 30.12.2016 ru 330
The article deals with the problem of assessing the quality of land settlements of Krestetsky uyezd in Novgorod province since the time of cadaster descriptions of Novgorod land to fieldworks of Russian soil scientists. The comparative aspect studies information of cadastres in the middle of the XVI century, Economic notes to the General landsurveying of the Russian Empire in the second half of the XVIII century and "Soil and Geological essay of Krestetsky uyezd" at the beginning of the XX century. Due to this research a database included information about the settlements having existed in the territory for centuries, with the description of land quality and fertility was compiled. The analysis revealed that according to field studies, mechanical and physical composition of soils in Krestetsky uyezd within the same soil type was very diverse. General land surveying described soil based on the predominance of muddy substances, sand or clay, but at the same time the characteristic of grain yields played an important role. In the XVI century the categories of good, medium and poor lands could have the lands with the same composition of the soil, and the probability of it was especially strengthened by the prevalence of certain soils in the region. However, at the micro level of individual settlements of graveyards certain regularities in land assessment shown in the objective signs that can be identified on the country are traced. The graveyards of Derevskaya pyatina included in Krestezkiy uyezd deals with such objective indicators as worsening assessment of the quality of land including the availability of various types of clay which are subsoils of many local soils
183 kb

THE EXPERIENCE OF COOPERATION OF THE SOVIET AUTHORITIES AND THE MUSLIM CLERGY OF THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS IN THE CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL SPHERES IN THE BEGINNING OF THE 20-IES OF THE XX CENTURY (ON THE MATERIALS OF THE ADYGHE PEOPLES)

abstract 1311707095 issue 131 pp. 1141 – 1155 29.09.2017 ru 335
The article describes the cooperation of the Soviet authorities and the Muslim Clergy of the Northern Caucasus in cultural and educational spheres in the beginning of the 20-ies in the XX century. The article is written in the framework of the regional competition of RFFI: "The North Caucasus: Tradition and Modernity" in 2017 – Krasnodar region. 17-11-23005 the type of project «a(p)», the subject is «The Soviet authorities and the Muslim Clergy of the Northern Caucasus in 1917- 1920s: The Experience of the Cooperation (on the materials of the Circassian peoples). It is noted that organization of wide cultural and educational activity performed by the Bolsheviks on The North Caucasus was the most important condition for organic participation of the region into the Soviet social and political space. The main efforts were concentrated on the formation and creation of a national script. Eventually аs a result of the interaction between the Soviet authorities and the Muslim clergy, there was a formation of new cultural needs and significant sociocultural changes in Circassian society in accordance with the political and ideological demands of the new government
136 kb

MYTHS AND REALITIES OF THE 1917 REVOLUTION

abstract 1321708103 issue 132 pp. 1290 – 1300 31.10.2017 ru 428
2017 was declared the year of the "100th anniversary of the Great Russian Revolution", or else it is called the "Great Russian Revolution". Such a message was given to the Address of the President of our country, V.V. Putin to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. The authors in the article rightly and reasonably point out that if the February bourgeois revolution, despite a number of objective reasons, was still the apex, palace take-over, October of 1917 was precisely a revolution, and not some kind of Bolshevik conspiracy. Why a revolution, not a take-over? The authors prove and convince the reader that this was essentially an inter-information socialist revolution, which radically changed the social system and the form of ownership. The article proves that the palace coup, which took place in February and brought "politicians into dress coats" to power, led to the victory of October 1917 due to their inaction and incompetence in the country's political leadership. None of the exciting question: about the war, peace, land, factories and factories, the form of state structure, the Provisional Government was not allowed. Therefore, due to objective and subjective reasons, the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution broke out
135 kb

THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN 1918-1919 YY: POLITICAL REGIMES AND FORMS OF THEIR STATE ORGANIZATION

abstract 1201606055 issue 120 pp. 823 – 832 30.06.2016 ru 465
The article is devoted to process of the state development and emergence of new forms of the government in the region of the North Caucasus during the Civil War. The author tells how forms of a political system and the government in the region after October revolution of 1917 have changed. He analyzes the process of emergence of the new military-political modes and character of a state system in its various areas. In the article, the political background of appearance of new forms of statehood and power organization is also considered. The author equally investigates the forms of the state life created by Bolsheviks and their supporters, and the forms of their political opponents – representatives of the white, antiBolshevist movement. The author emphasizes that it was the period of disintegration of traditional Russian statehood and traditional forms of the organization of the political power in the region. New options of the state system which are directly connected with the crisis of the Russian society in 1917 y. came in the region to replace the old ones. In some cases, they represented rather non-standard forms of the organization of the government, including formation of the Soviet republics in the territory of the region, appearance of the ataman power and military dictatorships. On the one hand, they were based on ethnocultural specifics of regional life, and on the other hand they were defined by the crisis of the period of the Civil War
140 kb

INSTRUCTIONS FOR EVALUATION OF DAMAGE CAUSED BY FASCIST INVADERS DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE

abstract 1231609138 issue 123 pp. 2070 – 2080 30.11.2016 ru 471
Occupation of the Soviet territory by German fascist invaders during the Great Patriotic War caused considerable damage. The Soviet Government developed legal and regulatory framework for the methods of assessment of damage. The purpose of this article is to analyze the legal framework, by the example of a regulatory act according to which calculation of damage to the collective farms in the occupied territories during World War II was made. The NKVD instruction "On the procedure of collecting, recording and storage of documentary materials relating to the atrocities, destruction, looting and violence of the German authorities in the occupied Soviet areas" was adopted in May 1942. Based on the instruction, and under orders of the NKVD in Elista, events to identify and collect materials that characterize the crimes of Hitler's government were carried out. According to these instructions, materials reflecting Nazi atrocities were subjected to the mandatory deposit of the State Archives. The paper gives summary quantitative data on the results of assessment of damage caused during the occupation period in August 8, 1942 to January 20, 1943
127 kb

THE SOURCE TO STUDY THE SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN THE KALMYK STEPPES OF ASTRAKHAN PROVINCE IS BASED UPON HE DUTIES OF THE KALMYK PEOPLE

abstract 1231609111 issue 123 pp. 1630 – 1639 30.11.2016 ru 517
This article reviews the summary of the annual reports of the Horde branch of the Astrakhan chamber for state property and Management of the Kalmyk people, 1848-1892. The Author gave a detailed analysis of the serving duties of the Kalmyks who had the power de jure, on the basis of extensive factual material. It contains data on payment of taxes charged by the administration and established by the following legislative acts: by regulations on the management of the Kalmyk people dated 1834 and regulations for the management of the Kalmyk people dated April 23, 1847. The difference between these legislative acts was in determining the size of the duties. The administration was primarily interested in the total amount of salary collections and arrears for each type of individual duty and also as a whole across the steppe. Due to the specificity the analysis doesn’t show the whole picture of the duties which came under the control of the administration, not to mention those who were outside its competence. The reports represent accounts for the annual collection of arrears for each of the duties individually and also in the aggregate. The so-called statistics of the okladnoy and neokladnoy taxable estate is conditional in nature
145 kb

HISTORICAL SOURCES ON THE STUDY OF THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNING BODIES OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY IN THE YEARS OF THE NEP

abstract 1231609076 issue 123 pp. 1091 – 1102 30.11.2016 ru 537
The offered article considers one of key problems of the Soviet history. It is an activity of governing bodies of the national economy in the period of the New Economic Policy in separately taken region — the Republic of Kalmykia. As a result of a research it is shown how archival materials and separate types of sources are used in studying of the designated problems, how the revealed sources interact between themselves in research works. The publication of new archival documents and their variety demonstrate that the new milestone begins in studying problems of governing bodies. It is connected not so much with specific updating of documents as with change of a technique of the analysis. The main attention begins to be paid to subjective factors and circumstances. In this regard further development of source base in studying of system of governing bodies in Kalmykia will be defined by modern ideas of the place and a role of the historical document in understanding of the past
161 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE THEORY OF THE INFORMATIONAL SOCIETY AND CYBERSPACE

abstract 1211607116 issue 121 pp. 1850 – 1863 30.09.2016 ru 542
The modern informational technologies and the Internet as a part of them are changing our world. These changes are the reason for genesis of new theoretical concepts in the middle of XX century, which research the influence of informational technologies on spheres of social life. Step by step we developed different theoretical concepts of “Informational society”, which try to predict the prospects of society. We have formed a new term of “cyberspace”, but scientists still argue about its meaning. One part thinks that it has only “network” meaning, which means that cyberspace is only the Internet, another part understands this term more widely, include the hardware part in this term. In this article, the author analyzes different theoretical concepts which research the question of genesis and development of informational society, and the process of forming of the term of “cyberspace”, research of the process of transformation of “postindustrial society” into “informational society”, highlight the main ideas of informational society concepts
159 kb

THE TRANSGRESSION OF KAZAKHS OF BUKEY HORDE ON THE TERRITORY OF LOWER VOLGA FRONTIER

abstract 1241610100 issue 124 pp. 1503 – 1515 30.12.2016 ru 547
The article deals with the problem of transgression of Kazakhs of Bukey horde on the territory of Lower Volga frontier. Transgression of the frontier territory is a way to adapt to the new conditions of existence. The author pays attention to Bukey horde, where the new frontiry space is formed by the interaction of the various ethnic groups. Having come to the new land, and interacted with the Russian people and the Russian authorities, the Kazakhs turned out in the alien cultural landscape. Kazakhs` mentality is being changed against the background of the collapsing patriarchal way of life. Bukeyev inhabitants life was transformed by the alteration of social norms. The way of life of Bukey Horde was changed and they had to adapt to new realities. The author of the article gives examples of Kazakhs` transgression using archival date
170 kb

SOME ASPECTS OF INDUSTRIAL DAY-TODAY LIFE OF GIRLS ON SHOCK KOMSOMOL BUILDING OF ORENBURG AREA IN 1956-1965

abstract 1221608045 issue 122 pp. 656 – 668 31.10.2016 ru 562
One of the actual directions of studying the history in modern world is the history of day-to-day life. Studying the industrial day-to-day life of builders on shock Komsomol building let us analyze their problems and the ways to solve them. The author gives the economic and political pre-conditions of organizing the patronage under the building of industrial objects on the South Ural. The concept “shock Komsomol building” and the classification of buildings are given. The main objects of Komsomol patronage which were situated on the territory of Orenburg area at that time are enumerated. The problems of women working at the building are viewed on the materials of Orenburg area. On the basis of archives the per cent ratio of youth and women working on the building is given. The industrial facts influencing on their socialization are examined. The main attention is given to the characteristics of industry, providing the builders with sanitary and domestic conditions of the objects and uniforms. The important aspect was also maintenance of safety measures on the building. The hard work of women who did not have the building education is stressed. The main spheres of professional employment of women on the building are enumerated
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