Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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513 kb

RURAL SETTLEMENTS AND LANDS OF KRESTETSKY UYEZD DUE TO THE MATERIALS OF THE FIRST LAND CADASTRES AND EVALUATIONS OF RUSSIAN SOIL SCIENTISTS

abstract 1241610044 issue 124 pp. 695 – 707 30.12.2016 ru 340
The article deals with the problem of assessing the quality of land settlements of Krestetsky uyezd in Novgorod province since the time of cadaster descriptions of Novgorod land to fieldworks of Russian soil scientists. The comparative aspect studies information of cadastres in the middle of the XVI century, Economic notes to the General landsurveying of the Russian Empire in the second half of the XVIII century and "Soil and Geological essay of Krestetsky uyezd" at the beginning of the XX century. Due to this research a database included information about the settlements having existed in the territory for centuries, with the description of land quality and fertility was compiled. The analysis revealed that according to field studies, mechanical and physical composition of soils in Krestetsky uyezd within the same soil type was very diverse. General land surveying described soil based on the predominance of muddy substances, sand or clay, but at the same time the characteristic of grain yields played an important role. In the XVI century the categories of good, medium and poor lands could have the lands with the same composition of the soil, and the probability of it was especially strengthened by the prevalence of certain soils in the region. However, at the micro level of individual settlements of graveyards certain regularities in land assessment shown in the objective signs that can be identified on the country are traced. The graveyards of Derevskaya pyatina included in Krestezkiy uyezd deals with such objective indicators as worsening assessment of the quality of land including the availability of various types of clay which are subsoils of many local soils
151 kb

ABOUT SOME CONTROVERSIAL ASPECTS OF CIVIL WAR AND INTERVENTION IN RUSSIA

abstract 1241610060 issue 124 pp. 897 – 909 30.12.2016 ru 774
The authors have devoted some of its controversial aspects, which have been going on for decades in the scientific community, namely, the time-frame of the Civil War, its causes and about the time of its beginning. In addition to these issues, the article is considered the relationship between the socialist parties and their participation in the civil war, the role of foreign intervention in the case of incitement to war and, finally, the reasons of the defeat of the White movement. The authors did not set out to elaborate on all four stages of the civil war, and focused on the examination of its first phase, covering the period from the end of May to November 1918. The main object of consideration the question arose about the beginning of the Civil War. The authors dwell on the various points of view expressed in this historical science, argues with those of them who, in their opinion, do not withstand scientific scrutiny. They speculate about details of alternative embodiments of the historical process, try to consider the option that could have been avoided civil war, if there was a coalition of socialist parties and come to the conclusion that such a coalition was impossible and it looks ephemeral. The authors dwell on the consideration of the role that is played in the raging civil fratricidal war, foreign intervention. They rightly point out that it is military intervention exacerbated and intensified civil war, has extended its time frame, the number of dead and wounded, even more glowing civil and class hatred
159 kb

THE TRANSGRESSION OF KAZAKHS OF BUKEY HORDE ON THE TERRITORY OF LOWER VOLGA FRONTIER

abstract 1241610100 issue 124 pp. 1503 – 1515 30.12.2016 ru 583
The article deals with the problem of transgression of Kazakhs of Bukey horde on the territory of Lower Volga frontier. Transgression of the frontier territory is a way to adapt to the new conditions of existence. The author pays attention to Bukey horde, where the new frontiry space is formed by the interaction of the various ethnic groups. Having come to the new land, and interacted with the Russian people and the Russian authorities, the Kazakhs turned out in the alien cultural landscape. Kazakhs` mentality is being changed against the background of the collapsing patriarchal way of life. Bukeyev inhabitants life was transformed by the alteration of social norms. The way of life of Bukey Horde was changed and they had to adapt to new realities. The author of the article gives examples of Kazakhs` transgression using archival date
163 kb

THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE KALMYK ASSR — THE SUPREME BODY OF THE STATE POWER OF THE REPUBLIC

abstract 1231609034 issue 123 pp. 506 – 520 30.11.2016 ru 637
This article deals with actual problems of the national structure of Kalmyk people in 1930-s years based on legislative documents and also problems of development and the adoption of the first Constitution of Kalmyk USDA (1937). The article focuses on the main features of this research. The adoption of the basic law of the Kalmyk republic was a big step in the social and political life in Kalmykia and in its constitutional history. This document included fundamental principles of the «constitution of proletariat government», peculiarities of Russian social class development, aims and objectives of national political structure in the Russian Federation. The basic law of the Kalmyk USDA was created on the basis of principles of the Constitution of the USSR and the Constitution of the RSFSR. The law secured social and government order of the Soviet Kalmykia. The procedure of governing and composition, the competence and authorities are disclosed and the work of the Supreme council of the Kalmyk USDA as the highest representative and legislative body in the context of the basic law of the Kalmyk republic. In the Constitution of the republic rights and freedom of nationals are fully reflected in accordance with the constitutional principles of the USSR. Finally the author concludes that in the administrative command system the basic features of rights and freedom of the peoples of the USSR in practice were not respected
145 kb

HISTORICAL SOURCES ON THE STUDY OF THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNING BODIES OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY IN THE YEARS OF THE NEP

abstract 1231609076 issue 123 pp. 1091 – 1102 30.11.2016 ru 544
The offered article considers one of key problems of the Soviet history. It is an activity of governing bodies of the national economy in the period of the New Economic Policy in separately taken region — the Republic of Kalmykia. As a result of a research it is shown how archival materials and separate types of sources are used in studying of the designated problems, how the revealed sources interact between themselves in research works. The publication of new archival documents and their variety demonstrate that the new milestone begins in studying problems of governing bodies. It is connected not so much with specific updating of documents as with change of a technique of the analysis. The main attention begins to be paid to subjective factors and circumstances. In this regard further development of source base in studying of system of governing bodies in Kalmykia will be defined by modern ideas of the place and a role of the historical document in understanding of the past
127 kb

THE SOURCE TO STUDY THE SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN THE KALMYK STEPPES OF ASTRAKHAN PROVINCE IS BASED UPON HE DUTIES OF THE KALMYK PEOPLE

abstract 1231609111 issue 123 pp. 1630 – 1639 30.11.2016 ru 528
This article reviews the summary of the annual reports of the Horde branch of the Astrakhan chamber for state property and Management of the Kalmyk people, 1848-1892. The Author gave a detailed analysis of the serving duties of the Kalmyks who had the power de jure, on the basis of extensive factual material. It contains data on payment of taxes charged by the administration and established by the following legislative acts: by regulations on the management of the Kalmyk people dated 1834 and regulations for the management of the Kalmyk people dated April 23, 1847. The difference between these legislative acts was in determining the size of the duties. The administration was primarily interested in the total amount of salary collections and arrears for each type of individual duty and also as a whole across the steppe. Due to the specificity the analysis doesn’t show the whole picture of the duties which came under the control of the administration, not to mention those who were outside its competence. The reports represent accounts for the annual collection of arrears for each of the duties individually and also in the aggregate. The so-called statistics of the okladnoy and neokladnoy taxable estate is conditional in nature
140 kb

INSTRUCTIONS FOR EVALUATION OF DAMAGE CAUSED BY FASCIST INVADERS DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR AS A HISTORICAL SOURCE

abstract 1231609138 issue 123 pp. 2070 – 2080 30.11.2016 ru 489
Occupation of the Soviet territory by German fascist invaders during the Great Patriotic War caused considerable damage. The Soviet Government developed legal and regulatory framework for the methods of assessment of damage. The purpose of this article is to analyze the legal framework, by the example of a regulatory act according to which calculation of damage to the collective farms in the occupied territories during World War II was made. The NKVD instruction "On the procedure of collecting, recording and storage of documentary materials relating to the atrocities, destruction, looting and violence of the German authorities in the occupied Soviet areas" was adopted in May 1942. Based on the instruction, and under orders of the NKVD in Elista, events to identify and collect materials that characterize the crimes of Hitler's government were carried out. According to these instructions, materials reflecting Nazi atrocities were subjected to the mandatory deposit of the State Archives. The paper gives summary quantitative data on the results of assessment of damage caused during the occupation period in August 8, 1942 to January 20, 1943
170 kb

SOME ASPECTS OF INDUSTRIAL DAY-TODAY LIFE OF GIRLS ON SHOCK KOMSOMOL BUILDING OF ORENBURG AREA IN 1956-1965

abstract 1221608045 issue 122 pp. 656 – 668 31.10.2016 ru 583
One of the actual directions of studying the history in modern world is the history of day-to-day life. Studying the industrial day-to-day life of builders on shock Komsomol building let us analyze their problems and the ways to solve them. The author gives the economic and political pre-conditions of organizing the patronage under the building of industrial objects on the South Ural. The concept “shock Komsomol building” and the classification of buildings are given. The main objects of Komsomol patronage which were situated on the territory of Orenburg area at that time are enumerated. The problems of women working at the building are viewed on the materials of Orenburg area. On the basis of archives the per cent ratio of youth and women working on the building is given. The industrial facts influencing on their socialization are examined. The main attention is given to the characteristics of industry, providing the builders with sanitary and domestic conditions of the objects and uniforms. The important aspect was also maintenance of safety measures on the building. The hard work of women who did not have the building education is stressed. The main spheres of professional employment of women on the building are enumerated
136 kb

PARTICIPATION OF KALMYK TRADE UNIONS IN ENSURING WORKERS’ LABOR PROTECTION

abstract 1221608062 issue 122 pp. 909 – 918 31.10.2016 ru 624
In the article, we can analyze the participation of Kalmik trade unions in ensuring workers’ labor protection and safety engineering in 1970-ies. The sources of the article base are the documents of National archive of the Kalmyk Republic. The analysis of the large documental material showed that in 1970ies the trade unions began to study deeper the question of making better the conditions of work, more often raised the questions of labor protection at the meetings of workers committees, drew the community to this work. Kalmik trade unions organizations paid serious attention to safety engineering and industry sanitation, achieved such condition that the workers were completely provided with overalls, means of individual protection, they demanded absolute mechanization of hard processes, fought for high culture of manufacture. In spite of trade-union organizations of the republic did definite work about putting in order in cause of fulfillment of labor laws, the situation did not change
143 kb

AGITATION AND MASS FORMS OF ART IN THE 20-IES OF THE XX CENTURY IN RUSSIA

abstract 1211607034 issue 121 pp. 660 – 670 30.09.2016 ru 707
The article deals with the forms of agitation and mass art, the creation of which was authorized by the Bolsheviks in the 20ies of the XX century for effective advocacy activities. It is noted, that agitation and mass art is one of the most important and effective means of policies and has played a huge role in the establishment of Soviet power. Propaganda direction was manifested in the both of drawing and painting and was aimed at the formation of a new proletarian thinking in a socialist society. It is stated, that the content of works of art is determined, above all, by the military-political situation that prevailed in the 20-ies. It is shown, that in the works of art displayed figures of the new revolutionary themes, events and characters, but also significant presence of the image of the new man - working men and women, sailors, soldiers, peasants was traced. Festive decoration of cities and towns, from the capital to the smallest provincial towns was filled with agitation and propaganda content. The conclusion is that artistic and political design of squares, streets, public buildings should help to create a festive mood, increase employment, ideological and socio-political activity of the workers. In general, new forms of agitation and propaganda were created through art, by turning the novelty of content, depth of the emotional impact, thematic literacy and specificity for the necessary psychological mood of society during the study period
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