Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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193 kb

MILITARY-ADMINISTRATIVE AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES OF E.A. GOLOVIN IN TRANSCAUCASIA

abstract 1161602025 issue 116 pp. 335 – 351 29.02.2016 ru 831
The article is devoted to the military and administrative activities in the Caucasus in 1838–1842 y. one of the Royal Governors-Evgeny Aleksandrovich Golovin. The author concludes that as a Russian Patriot and aiming initially to make the Caucasus the Russian spirit and legal institutions, Golovin began gradually local features, and at the end of his Administration Region tried to combine central traditions with peripheral. His transformations were appraised only after Evgeniy Aleksandrovich had left Transcaucasia. For instance, in Tiflis they started building more European-style constructions on wastelands, erected causeways, pavements and pools with clean mountain water. With its extraordinary combination of the East and the West Tiflis turned into one of the most interesting and largest cities of Russia. As a truly Russian nobleman, General Golovin liked living luxuriously, openly and hospitably. The best representatives of the local society were welcomed in his house in a warm-hearted and friendly manner, which caused an unconscious sensation of gratitude and left a favourable impression. Preliminary analysis of activity of E.A. Golovin in Transcaucasia gives no grounds for assessments which are extremely negative or idealise the Chief Executive. Yet E.A. Golovin managed to be remembered as a reformer and facilitator of Transcaucasia whose numerous initiatives were developed by his successors: M. S. Vorontsov, A. I. Baryatinskiy, Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich and others
125 kb

THE MILITARY EDUCATIONAL OPINIONS OF LIEUTENANT GENERAL V. A. POTTO

abstract 1161602041 issue 116 pp. 601 – 609 29.02.2016 ru 743
During the whole history of the Russian Imperial Army the unchanging principles of its education were moral and physical power, development of the mind and volition. On these principles the Russian Army grew. The formation of the theory and practice of education in the Russian army was directly connected with names of famous military leaders because good training troops led to a successful execution of combat missions. So, for example, the name of A. V. Suvorov and his «The Science of Victory», the work which the Field Marshal presented his original system of views on ways to combat, training and educating soldiers are well known. But at the same time, many other military leaders have contributed to this hard work for the benefit of the Russian army. In this article we focus on coverage of the military pedagogic views and activity of the military historian, writer, lieutenant general V. A. Potto. The article details the pedagogical approaches V. A. Potto’s to moral education of the future officers and the opinion of general to educational process at the military school, which focuses mainly on the training of the Cossacks
139 kb

THE PHENOMENON OF BRITISH-AMERICAN “SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP” AND ITS IMPACT ON INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL PROCESSES AT THE END OF XX – BEGINNING OF XXI CENTURIES

abstract 1161602076 issue 116 pp. 1188 – 1199 29.02.2016 ru 670
The phenomenon of the special relationship in BritishAmerican politics of the second part of the XX century also received intensive development in the early XXI century. In fact, according to conditions of modern processes of globalization, cooperation between the United States and Great Britain, as within framework of NATO and in other international organizations, became increasingly close. Both States played a significant role in the international policy, working on various issues of economy, politics, environment, culture, etc. Attention is drawn to the forms of cooperation between the studied States in the implementation of military initiatives in the Balkans (1998) and Iraq (2003). These events allowed characterizing the first and final stages of the development of relations between the United States and Britain in the form of «special» in the period of late XX – early XXI centuries. In the beginning of XXI century the cooperation between the U.S. and the UK in reforming NATO, taking into account national foreign policy strategy of the USA, was an example of favorable development of bilateral “special relationship”. For London, the following external course of the US has remained a higher priority than for Washington
131 kb

SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS IN THE YENISEI PROVINCE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE XXth CENTURY (ACCORDING TO THE “SIBERIAN OBSERVER” MAGAZINE)

abstract 1161602097 issue 116 pp. 1524 – 1534 29.02.2016 ru 613
Current processes in socio-economic life of our state make contact to the historical experience accumulated by Russia for centuries. The rapid development of the state, modernization of all spheres of public life at the beginning of XXth century still interfaced with a mass of adverse events, balking a dynamic development of the state. In the Siberian upcountry the situation was exacerbated by a number of “chronic” issues such as a high percentage of the exiles among the local society, the total corruption of the bureaucracy, etc. The article deals with the socio-economic status of the Yenisei province in the early twentieth century. Analysing the state of agriculture and individual industries, existing in the region, it identifies the challenges that they faced. The author cites some quantitative characteristics that reveal the real state of affairs in such crucial sectors of the economy such as agriculture, animal husbandry. Moreover, the article marks issues concerning carrier’s trade and other specific crafts. As a research source was taken the information provided by the “Siberian observer” magazine – the edition, which bore clearly oppositional character and did not have the goal to put the best face forward the existing situation in the region, and consequently – the actions of the local authorities
136 kb

PAINTINGS BY S. A. GAVRILYACHENKO, AS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE SOURCE ON THE DAILY LIFE OF THE COSSACKS

abstract 1141510048 issue 114 pp. 651 – 661 30.12.2015 ru 1101
In today's world, one of the most urgent problems is applying to study history of everyday life. In this paper first analyzes the reflection of the everyday life of the Cossacks on the paintings for S. A. Gavrilyachenko. The author examines in detail the work of the artist associated with this theme indicates strengths and weaknesses. Particular attention is paid to the precision display of the Cossack everyday life in the artist's canvases. Based on the study, the author comes to the conclusion about the possibility of using S. A. Gavrilyachenko as one of the sources in the study of Cossack life. The work particularly focuses on the specifics of their use is indicated method of analysis of illustrative sources. The article also highlights the daily life of the Cossacks. The paper identifies features of life and development of the Cossacks, is indicated by its role in the history of Russia. Important place in the life of the Cossacks took the Orthodox faith; they very strictly observe the customs, traditions and beliefs. Particularly tragic was the Cossack period of the February revolution of 1917, at this time the destruction of the centralized management of the Cossack troops occurred. A decisive blow to the bar caused the Civil war of 1917-1923 and what happened during the famine of 1921 — 1922, this theme is most fully represented in the works of S. A. Gavrilyachenko
174 kb

MILITARY AND ADMINISTRATIVE AND POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF E.A. GOLOVIN IN THE CAUCASUS (1838–1842)

abstract 1141510078 issue 114 pp. 1033 – 1046 30.12.2015 ru 1297
The article is devoted to military and administrative activity of one of imperial deputies – Evgeny Aleksandrovich Golovin in the Caucasus in 1838-1842. The general spent more than three months studying data on the area he did not know in the archives of SaintPetersburg. E. A. Golovin paid special attention to road and fortification construction. He aimed at making them “centres of Russian nationhood by establishing schools and markets”. On December 15, 1838 E. A. Golovin submitted a report to A. I. Chernyshov, the military minister, where he described the nearest political tasks of the Russian government. In Golovin’s opinion, the main military actions in Dagestan were supposed to be seizure of Chirkat, construction of fortifications therein and devastation of Akhulgo, residence of Shamil. However, E. A. Golovin turned out to be bound with instructions written in Petersburg more than his predecessors. Programmes for military actions in the Caucasus region specifying even troop units to participate in expeditions down to the last detail were drawn on an annually basis. By the end of his term in the position of the Commander-in-Chief of the Independent Caucasian Corps Golovin started supporting the siege system by combining it, the same way as A. P. Ermolov, with periodic temporary offensive operations. After the Evgenievskoe Fortification (named so to honour Golovin by Royal Decree) had been constructed at the Sulak River, Evgeniy Aleksandrovich was dismissed in October 1842. The author concludes that in process of recognition of the world of mountaineers the commander-in-chief showed aspiration to searches of other, less dramatic solutions of the Caucasian question, opened for the successors of prospect of the movement of Russia and the people of Chechnya, Dagestan and Western Caucasus towards each other
138 kb

THE ACTIVITY OF THE LOCAL TRADE UNION COMMITTEES ABOUT COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS IN 1963-1973 (ON MATERIALS OF KALMYKIA)

abstract 1131509037 issue 113 pp. 502 – 512 30.11.2015 ru 1043
In the article, we can analyze the organization work of trade unions about collective agreements conclusion as example of agricultural enterprises in Kalmykia in 1963-1973. The author considers the realization of the main clauses in the collective agreement. In them there were reflected the commitments of administration and collective of industrial and office workers on perfect in labor organization, introduction of new techniques and raising the productivity of labor, qualification and training of personnel. The collective agreements were made with registration of the main points in labor and wages questions, and so points in the sphere of working time, resting time, payment of labor and material stimulation, labor protection, improvement of life conditions and cultural service of workers. The analyses of extensive documentary material showed that there were serious defects in the working practice with collective agreements. There were the facts in formal attitude; conditions and details of agreements realization were not always discussed in time. The agreements promoted to realization of production plans, improvement of everyday repairs and cultural services of industrial and office workers, and attracting them to industrial managements. Though in collective agreements the question of industrial development were taken more place than protecting workers rights and interests
294 kb

HISTORICAL FRAGMENTS OF ESTABLISHMENT OF "MAGARACH" SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTE OF GRAPES AND WINE AND THE ELEMENTS OF ITS SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITY

abstract 1131509085 issue 113 pp. 1179 – 1209 30.11.2015 ru 1118
The article presents historical information about the stages of gradual transformation of the first non-large wine-making institution of Crimea, organized in 1828 under the initiative of Prince M.S. Vorontsov in the natural boundary called Magarach near the Imperial Nikitsky botanical garden in the world famous Institute of Grape and Wine "Magarach" - once the chief coordinator of the research work in the field of viticulture and winemaking republics of the USSR and the main forge of scientific staff in this direction. Among the directors of the institute of the last century, there were such talented organizers as A.G. Globa, T.G. Kataryan, P.Y. Golodriga. The Institute operated a network of regional branches, created enotec with a settled in 1836 wine Muscat pink Magarach (World rarity is reflected in the Guinness book of records), the world ampelographic collection (fourth in number of samples), scientists developed area-standard assortment for production, issued 11 Volumes of "Ampelography of USSR" (awarded by OIV), designed a lot of outstanding for yield and stability varieties (Pervenets Magaracha, Ranniy Magaracha, Citron Magaracha et al.) and clones (Muscat white of Red Stone, Pinot Noir yields and others.) grapes. There was a significant contribution in the sphere of research and development of viticulture and winemaking of world, the institute was given an international prestige and this led to establishing the base of the General Assembly of the OIV - International Organization of Grape and Wine, the International Symposium on the selection of wine-town, several international wine tasting competitions and International finest examples of table grapes
354 kb

CULTURE SOVIET TRADE IN THE COLLECTIVE FARMS IN THE POSTWAR DECADES

abstract 1121508014 issue 112 pp. 189 – 206 30.10.2015 ru 996
On the basis of the periodic analysis of the materials of the Soviet post-war decades, this article attempts to analyze the activities of commercial enterprises to meet the consumer demand of the rural population. According to the author, the abolition of the card system in the Soviet Union in 1947 did not reach the stated goals: increasing demand of the population was unable to meet the deficit and preserve consumer goods led to the emergence of new social relations and relations between individuals included in the power hierarchy and employees trade institutions, and the bulk of the rural population is supplied with goods on leftovers. Many shopping facilities in collective farms did not have time to prepare for work in a trade without a card and as a result, the first days of the reform were not working. In rural areas, acute shortage of food and industrial products: matches, kerosene, clothing, etc. Villagers not infrequently encountered rude attitude on the part of those engaged in trade and unsanitary conditions reigning in retail establishments. In many settlements, timetable of stores sellers was not respected and it gave yet another disadvantage to the rural population
292 kb

«THE PILLARS HAVE BEEN NOTCHED, THE FENCES WILL STRUCK DOWN BY THEMSELVES»: STALIN, ZHDANOV AND LENINGRAD «ANTI-PARTY GROUP»

abstract 1121508078 issue 112 pp. 1082 – 1098 30.10.2015 ru 1081
The article deals with the post-war reshuffle of forces in the near Stalin’s enclosing, which ended with the largest repressive campaign of the late Stalinism. Shortly, after the war Stalin encouraged the competition in the system of the highest power, he goes to the formation of a new center of power and sets out the party and state appointments, so called "leningradcev." At the same time strengthening the position of A. Zhdanov, A. Kuznetsova, N.Voznesenskogo "the host" accompanies with a limited sphere of influence of G. Malenkov and L. Beria. During the 1946-1948, following with the favorite tactics of checks and balances, the leader does not carry the advantages of any parties. However, in summer of 1948 the interpersonal conflict between Stalin and Zhdanov was identified and the sudden death of the latter, destroyed the existing guide in the narrow balance of power, were the starting point for the beginning prosecution of "leningradcev" without guardianship. Using the suspicions and phobias of the leader, Malenkov and Beria were able to initiate the "Leningrad affair". The author thinks that if Zhdanov did not have a fatal cardiac infarction, he would be back to work in Moscow from the necessitous vocation, would stay in the membership of governing group and the bloody reprisals would be avoided
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