Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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135 kb

JEWISH PROBLEM IN THE BLACK HUNDRED’S IDEOLOGY

abstract 0681104036 issue 68 pp. 395 – 408 28.04.2011 ru 2020
The article covers Black hundred’s basic approaches to the Jewish problem. Starting from conservative foundation of the extreme-right doctrine, the Black Hundred divided national minorities into friendly and hostile. Belonging to the friendly peoples determined not by ethnic origin, but by acceptance of basic values of Russian civilization - Orthodoxy, autocracy, nationality. According to the right-monarchical opinion, Jews were among hostile peoples, because they threatened to the above-named values by taking an active part in the revolutionary movement
132 kb

KUBAN PRINTED PUBLICATIONS IN THE 20- IES OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (FROM THE HISTORY OF ADVOCACY ACTIVITIES)

abstract 1201606020 issue 120 pp. 320 – 329 30.06.2016 ru 624
The article deals with advocacy, organized with the help of publications by the Bolsheviks in the 20-ies of XX century in the Kuban. It is noted that the press has performed as one of the most important and effective means and played a huge role in the establishment of Soviet power in the Cossack region. The central agency of procurement and distribution of print "Centropechat" at the Central Executive Committee occupied the distribution of official media. It is stated that the content of propaganda and agitation conducted among the civilian population and in the army was determined, above all, as the military-political situation that prevailed in the 20-ies. It is shown that agitation and propaganda carried out by the military newspapers and magazines in difficult conditions and post wartime and the specific tasks were set before the Soviet propaganda organs. The conclusion is that a flexible system for the implementation of advocacy was created during this period. She assumed deepening cooperation and coordination of all the means of propaganda and agitation, which made the Soviet propaganda very successful and effective. The efforts of awareness-raising structures were aimed at creating political awareness and stimulating social activity of the population in this difficult time. The press acted as one of the most powerful tools used by the authorities to achieve the consolidation and integration of society that were the most relevant in the 20ies
156 kb

LANDED PROPERTY OF NOBLE FAMILY IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN 1861-1917 YY.

abstract 0931309058 issue 93 pp. 860 – 876 30.11.2013 ru 1782
Features of the development of landed property of noble family of the North Caucasus in 1861-1917 are analyzed and presented on the basis of the vast corpus of documentary sources. It is shown that principally the landed property formed completely in the post reform period, and a special significance was attached to a form of landowning of Cossack nobility. It is noted that the landed property of noble family in the region was unstable, and the process of its reduction began from the end of XIX-th century. The analysis of the policy of the noble support by means of the Noble Land Bank is done
150 kb

LOCAL HISTORY OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS AS A FACTOR OF INTEGRATION OF THE REGION IN THE SOVIET GEOPOLITICAL SPACE (TO THE HISTORY OF ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS)

abstract 1111507099 issue 111 pp. 1518 – 1530 30.09.2015 ru 1089
The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)». The article is made in the framework of regional competition: «North Caucasus: tradition and modernity» 2014. – Krasnodar region. 14-11-23007 the type of project «A (P)» The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)».Formation of the Soviet national local history through adyghe intelligentsia began in 20-ies. The active participation of the twentieth century intellectuals in the regional movement was caused and anxiety for the fate of cultural heritage and culture in general, and the changes in the conditions of work and life. Everywhere there were different forms of organization and scale of local history, which set themselves common objectives: a comprehensive study native land, to disseminate knowledge about the homeland of the people. The study region was closely connected with the identification, collection, accounting, protection and use of a variety of historical and cultural monuments. "Golden Age" of the national local lore came in the first post-revolutionary decade. During this period, the efforts of national intelligence unified both within the local history organizations and leading independent research has done a great organization, research served as the basis for further research activities. There was intense accumulation of sources, there were papers on various subjects of national history, attempts writing generalizing works, establish cooperation with the regional and central and local history research organizations
174 kb

MILITARY AND ADMINISTRATIVE AND POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF E.A. GOLOVIN IN THE CAUCASUS (1838–1842)

abstract 1141510078 issue 114 pp. 1033 – 1046 30.12.2015 ru 1345
The article is devoted to military and administrative activity of one of imperial deputies – Evgeny Aleksandrovich Golovin in the Caucasus in 1838-1842. The general spent more than three months studying data on the area he did not know in the archives of SaintPetersburg. E. A. Golovin paid special attention to road and fortification construction. He aimed at making them “centres of Russian nationhood by establishing schools and markets”. On December 15, 1838 E. A. Golovin submitted a report to A. I. Chernyshov, the military minister, where he described the nearest political tasks of the Russian government. In Golovin’s opinion, the main military actions in Dagestan were supposed to be seizure of Chirkat, construction of fortifications therein and devastation of Akhulgo, residence of Shamil. However, E. A. Golovin turned out to be bound with instructions written in Petersburg more than his predecessors. Programmes for military actions in the Caucasus region specifying even troop units to participate in expeditions down to the last detail were drawn on an annually basis. By the end of his term in the position of the Commander-in-Chief of the Independent Caucasian Corps Golovin started supporting the siege system by combining it, the same way as A. P. Ermolov, with periodic temporary offensive operations. After the Evgenievskoe Fortification (named so to honour Golovin by Royal Decree) had been constructed at the Sulak River, Evgeniy Aleksandrovich was dismissed in October 1842. The author concludes that in process of recognition of the world of mountaineers the commander-in-chief showed aspiration to searches of other, less dramatic solutions of the Caucasian question, opened for the successors of prospect of the movement of Russia and the people of Chechnya, Dagestan and Western Caucasus towards each other
193 kb

MILITARY-ADMINISTRATIVE AND POLITICAL ACTIVITIES OF E.A. GOLOVIN IN TRANSCAUCASIA

abstract 1161602025 issue 116 pp. 335 – 351 29.02.2016 ru 845
The article is devoted to the military and administrative activities in the Caucasus in 1838–1842 y. one of the Royal Governors-Evgeny Aleksandrovich Golovin. The author concludes that as a Russian Patriot and aiming initially to make the Caucasus the Russian spirit and legal institutions, Golovin began gradually local features, and at the end of his Administration Region tried to combine central traditions with peripheral. His transformations were appraised only after Evgeniy Aleksandrovich had left Transcaucasia. For instance, in Tiflis they started building more European-style constructions on wastelands, erected causeways, pavements and pools with clean mountain water. With its extraordinary combination of the East and the West Tiflis turned into one of the most interesting and largest cities of Russia. As a truly Russian nobleman, General Golovin liked living luxuriously, openly and hospitably. The best representatives of the local society were welcomed in his house in a warm-hearted and friendly manner, which caused an unconscious sensation of gratitude and left a favourable impression. Preliminary analysis of activity of E.A. Golovin in Transcaucasia gives no grounds for assessments which are extremely negative or idealise the Chief Executive. Yet E.A. Golovin managed to be remembered as a reformer and facilitator of Transcaucasia whose numerous initiatives were developed by his successors: M. S. Vorontsov, A. I. Baryatinskiy, Grand Duke Mikhail Nikolaevich and others
149 kb

MONUMENTS OF THE FEBRUARY AND OCTOBER REVOLUTION IN THE TERRITORY OF RUSSIA

abstract 1301706023 issue 130 pp. 310 – 320 30.06.2017 ru 648
The article is devoted to the study of the monuments of revolutions of 1917 in Russia. It is emphasized that from the historical point of view, almost all monuments represent the embodiment of the losses and sufferings of humankind in various armed conflicts. This is especially true for the revolutions of 1917, which changed the entire modern history of the country, and even after 100 years cause a special interest both in the international scientific community and among ordinary people. This study specifies that after the final establishment and approval of the Soviet government, the new government realized that it was needed to create a certain basis, namely, its political symbolism as a foundation for the formation of image of the new government. The most important component of this process was the desire of the authorities to the formation of the ideas of the Soviet people about themselves and their place in the world, and, as a consequence, the folding of the foundations of Soviet patriotism, because the new generation who had no idea about the Russian Empire, began its life in the country, which had an ideology, but just started to develop the system of socialist values. The attention is paid to the fact that the monuments are one of the important elements of the historical and cultural heritage, which reflected the past experience of mankind, broadcast through architectural and sculptural symbols to the present, which contributes not only to the cultural enrichment of mankind, but also used by people to influence worldviews contemporaries. The article says that modern youth need to know the history of their country, not to forget about the numerous victims of various wars, to preserve peace and appreciate life
175 kb

MUSLIM HOLIDAYS IN THE POLICY OF THE THIRD REICH AMONG THE MOUNTAINEERS OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN 1942-1944.

abstract 1101506040 issue 110 pp. 593 – 608 30.06.2015 ru 1289
The article considers the place of Islamic festivities of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha in the policy of Nazi Germany among the North Caucasus highlanders. Implementing “The North Caucasian experiment” based on speculation costs in prewar policy of Soviet power in the North Caucasus, the occupation regime has identified Islamic holidays a special role in the demonstration of “good intentions” and propaganda among highlanders. The author's concept is founded on the premise that under Nazi occupation of mountain areas Muslim holidays, with a strong outward expression, became a part of not only religious but also the ethno-political, social and economic policies of the Third Reich and served as a means of “political security” for Nazi rule. Using the archival documents and materials of the Berlin newspaper “Gazavat”, the author reveals the background, course and consequences of celebration of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha in the occupied North Caucasus in October and December 1942 and the place of Islamic holidays in Anti-Communist propaganda among highlanders in the Wehrmacht units. The chronological scope of the study is conditioned by the fact that it was during 1942-1944 the arsenal of policy of the Third Reich among Muslims in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East included Muslim holidays
136 kb

MYTHS AND REALITIES OF THE 1917 REVOLUTION

abstract 1321708103 issue 132 pp. 1290 – 1300 31.10.2017 ru 456
2017 was declared the year of the "100th anniversary of the Great Russian Revolution", or else it is called the "Great Russian Revolution". Such a message was given to the Address of the President of our country, V.V. Putin to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. The authors in the article rightly and reasonably point out that if the February bourgeois revolution, despite a number of objective reasons, was still the apex, palace take-over, October of 1917 was precisely a revolution, and not some kind of Bolshevik conspiracy. Why a revolution, not a take-over? The authors prove and convince the reader that this was essentially an inter-information socialist revolution, which radically changed the social system and the form of ownership. The article proves that the palace coup, which took place in February and brought "politicians into dress coats" to power, led to the victory of October 1917 due to their inaction and incompetence in the country's political leadership. None of the exciting question: about the war, peace, land, factories and factories, the form of state structure, the Provisional Government was not allowed. Therefore, due to objective and subjective reasons, the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution broke out
121 kb

NATIONAL MINORITY PROBLEMS IN THE BLACK HUNDRED’S IDEOLOGY

abstract 0611007006 issue 61 pp. 56 – 66 24.09.2010 ru 2104
The article covers Black hundred’s basic approaches to the national minority problems. Starting from conservative foundation of extreme-right doctrine, the Black Hundred divided national minorities into friendly and hostile. Belonging to the friendly peoples determined not by ethnic origin, but by acceptance of basic values of Russian civilization - Orthodoxy, autocracy, nationality. This approach caused international nature of the right-monarchical movement
.