Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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247 kb

THE STOCK OF BOLOTOKOVS THE TEMIRGOI PRINCES IN THE MILITARYPOLITICAL EVENTS IN THE KUBAN REGION IN THE LATE XVIII - EARLY XIX CENTURIES

abstract 1091505077 issue 109 pp. 1090 – 1116 29.05.2015 ru 1525
The purpose of this article is to study the role and the place of the Bolotokovs, the temirgoy princes’ name, in the military-political events that took place in the Kuban region in the late XVIII - early XIX centuries. The question of the origin and the status of the prince surname Bolotokov is studied, which the legendary Prince Dzhambulat Bolotokov belonged to, "the last one of the old knight generation of the Circassian princes. " Besides him, the most famous temirgoi princes are noted, including his cousin - "senior temirgoi Prince" Misheost Bolotokov. An important place is given to their predecessors - Prince Bezruko Bolotokov, who was trying to create a powerful military and political unification, joining all the "aristocratic" Circassian tribes "in one piece to secure their land and rights against external enemies: Abadzekhs, Shapsugs and Natukhais, but with the preservation of internal control of each tribe on the original terms". The causes of the fact are determined, that despite the periodical participation in hostilities against Russia, the main part or the Temirgoy people under the jurisdiction of the Prince Misheost Bolotokov hold to the solid pro-Russian orientation, which was mentioned by the commander-in-chief of the Russian troops in the Caucasus General A. P. Ermolov, who called Misheost Bolotokov "the most committed to Russia"
134 kb

THE CHAPLAINCY OF THE KUBAN COSSACKS: THE SPECIFICITY OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT

abstract 1091505083 issue 109 pp. 1190 – 1200 29.05.2015 ru 967
In the modern conditions of formation the Institute of military clergy in Russia it is especially important to study of the history of its formation and development. In this article we first focus on coverage of the activities of Cossack Orthodox clergy and its participation in military battles. The article details the activity of the first military archpriests of the Black Sea Cossack army: I. L. Kovalevsky, A. Domashevskij and R. Porokhnya. Based on the analysis of archival documents the article highlighted the specificity of the formation of the military clergy Cossacks, we have also indicated its role in the history of the Kuban. We have considered the problem of terminology as well. The article clearly proves that, prior to the formation of the United Kuban Cossack army, the term of "regimental priests" is applicable only to Linear Cossacks, as the Black sea priests were attached to the whole Cossacks army and therefore had the status of the army; this term was used here until 1920. It is the special situation of the Kuban army of clerics who are simultaneously applied to the spiritual and to the Cossack estate was the main cause of repression against it in the 1920-1930ies. Throughout its history the chaplaincy of the Kuban played an important role in the life of the Cossacks, it was responsible for religious education and Patriotic education. Due to its credibility, and numerous works, the priests were able to maintain the morale of the Cossacks, even during the February revolution. At the time when the Russian army suffered from defections, Kuban regiments were almost not affected, which once again shows the important role of priests in the Kuban history
141 kb

THE EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE ORTHODOX CLERGY OF KUBAN: MAIN STAGES AND THEIR SPECIFICITY

abstract 1091505084 issue 109 pp. 1201 – 1212 29.05.2015 ru 914
The history of the Kuban region is inseparably linked with activity of Russian Orthodox Church. The main attention is paid to studying a contribution of the orthodox clergy of Kuban to development of education and study of local history. In this research the author disproves the thesis of the Soviet authors, that Orthodoxy was the opponent of studying and development of education. On the basis of the analysis of various sources the educational activity of orthodox clergy of Kuban is comprehensively considered. The huge contribution to the development of education in Kuban was brought by K.V. Rossinskiy. Due to his efforts by 1825 there were 10 parish schools, one parish spiritual school and a gymnasium. Enlightenment has been considered as a complex system of measures aimed at the development of both intellectual and spiritual features of society. For the first time the author gives allocation periods of educational activity of Russian Orthodox Church, according to the author, there were three stages: 1794-1842; 1842- 1860; 1860-1920. The specifics of each of the periods were also specified in this research, as well as the factors influencing the development of the Kuban education. School construction was the most intensive at the third stage that is connected with the end of the Caucasian war and strengthening of positions of Russian Orthodox Church in this region. A significant amount of place in the article was taken by the analysis of the works of Russian Orthodox Church in a field of education and development of patriotism, the role of orthodox clergy of Kuban in development of study of local lore is also lit. The conclusion about an important role of Russian Orthodox Church in the Kuban history is presented in the summary. The orthodox clergy stood at the origins of the Kuban education and study of local lore. It made a brought contribution in literacy distribution, in strengthening of the spiritual beginnings of society, in preservation for descendants of unique data about the past
168 kb

THE ACTIVITY OF SEARCH ORGANIZATIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

abstract 1091505088 issue 109 pp. 1252 – 1266 29.05.2015 ru 909
The article describes the types and forms of search movement activity of the Krasnodar Region in the formation, preservation and reconstruction of historical and cultural heritage of the Great Patriotic War. The search movement in Russia is the unique socio-cultural phenomenon. In Krasnodar region this movement began in the 80s. Today it is 16 specialized public search organizations. Kuban searchers found the remains of more than 10,000 Soviet soldiers and recognized the names of 220 of them; they have carried out more than 700 expeditions. The main activities of the search organizations of Kuban in the area of historical and cultural heritage of the Great Patriotic War are conducting field exploration works; the establishment of names of the dead, found in the course of search operations and search for their relatives; reburial of the soldiers; assist in the elimination of explosive devices of the Great Patriotic War; patriotic education; military and historical reconstruction; the popularization of the military history of the region. The main purpose of search organizations is to recreate and perpetuate the memory of killed people in the defense of the Fatherland. Through the forms of activity, practiced by search organizations of the Krasnodar region, formed valuable attitude to the historical past, carried out patriotic education, readiness for armed defense of the motherland
168 kb

NOBILITY DEPUTY ASSEMBLY IN THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS IN 1905 – 1917 YY.

abstract 1091505091 issue 109 pp. 1301 – 1317 29.05.2015 ru 887
Based on the archival sources, the article reviews the activities of the Nobility Deputy Assembly in the Northern Caucasus in 1905 – 1917. The author examines the role of noble organizations in solving the class issues in Russia in the early XXth century. She notes a marked increase in the activity of the Stavropol noble Assembly caused by the events of the revolution of 1905 – 1907 yy. In this case the author draws attention to the fact that during this period, autocracy strictly limited the power of the nobility Assembly, and in addition noble organization was strictly forbidden to discuss political issues. It is noted that local nobles were quite passive in social and political activity and they were not involved in the work created at the time of the joint noble societies, although some regional representatives of the nobility (in particular K. I. Bielecki) participated in the activities of the First nobility Congress in 1906 y. Charitable activity of the Noble Assembly during the First World War was also investigated in the he article. The noble mutual benefit was created to assist the families of killed and wounded warriors and for maintenance of hospitals. In addition, the Noble Assembly provided the upper floor of noble house for the hospital, and the lower one for the Ladies' Committee. The article shows that despite all the difficulties there was a gradual clearance of the political position of the nobility of the Northern Caucasus at the beginning of the XXth century. The author draws attention to the fact that noble organization has proposed various measures aimed at strengthening economic and political influence of this class. She comes to the conclusion that the role of the nobility in the social structure of Russian society of that time is undergoing a significant transformation, and the importance of the nobility in the system of socio-economic relations and the management system of the Russian Empire was significantly reduced
155 kb

THE NATIONAL COMPOSITION OF THE NOBILITY OF THE NORTHERN CAUCASUS ACCORDING TO THE MATERIALS OF CENSUS OF THE POPULATION IN 1897

abstract 1091505092 issue 109 pp. 1318 – 1333 29.05.2015 ru 944
The research of ethnic composition of the nobility of the Northern Caucasus is carried out in the article on the basis of statistical sources. The author calculated the results of the First General census of the Russian Empire in the Kuban, Stavropol and the Terek regions of 1897 y. It is shown that the ethnic composition of the upper classes was different in regions. The analysis of the results of the census of 1897 shows that in the Kuban region the most numerous language groups were Russian (77%), Polish (7,1%), Circassian (5.8 percent) ones. The ratio of language groups was not the same in the towns and villages. It is noted that in Stavropol province the dominance of Russians was significant compared with Kuban region. They accounted for 86.8% among the hereditary nobility of the province and among personal they accounted for 94%. The second place among the nobility of the province was occupied by the poles: the hereditary nobility was accounted for 7.7 %, personal nobility was accounted for 2.1%. Moreover, a significant proportion of them lived in urban areas. The national composition of the nobility in the Terek region is considered, it is shown that the Russian nobility prevailed in all administrative units: among hereditary – 73.1 %, among the personal – 77,7%. The second place belonged to the poles (9,25%). Produced calculations show that the most numerous from other language groups of the hereditary nobility were Ossetian (3,76%), Armenian (2,54%), Georgian (2,87%), Kumyk (2,01%), Chechen (0,92%), German (1,57%), Circassian (0,92%) ones. The nobility of the Northern Caucasus was multinational; it can be explained by historical condition of the formation of the indigenous population, as well as increased influx of immigrants in the post-reform period from various provinces of Russia
181 kb

AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS IN GERMANY’S ECONOMIC STRATEGY IN 1942-1943

abstract 1071503034 issue 107 pp. 484 – 497 31.03.2015 ru 1072
The article explores shift of emphasis in the Third Reich policy in the North Caucasus when agricultural resources of the region became the main object of economic exploitation and one of the most important source of Germany's food supply. Firstly the author shows the place the North Caucasus had in agriculture of the Soviet Union on the eve of the Great Patriotic War. Despite a relatively small area and population, the region played an important role in the production of wheat, corn, sunflower, meat and other products. It is emphasized that the region was of special interest to Germany primarily for its oil fields which allowed solving the fuel problems. But with the failure of Hitler’s "oil plans" the agricultural products became the most important revenue source for the German economy in the North Caucasus in 1942-1943. The author shows that for stable agricultural exploitation the occupation regime not only refused the collective farms’ accelerated elimination but also adapted them to harvesting crops and saving huge livestock. Using the pro-Nazi newspapers and archival documents, the author reveals the occupier’s methodology of action and propaganda by local supporters of the regime for a timely crops harvest. In conclusion, the results of agrarian policy of Germany in the North Caucasus are shown. This article is intended for specialists in the field of history and economics as well as a wide range of readers
135 kb

BULGARIANS IN THE TERRITORY OF THE KUBAN COSSACKS IN THE LATE OF XVIII - THE EARLY OF XX CENTURIES

abstract 1071503065 issue 107 pp. 955 – 966 31.03.2015 ru 1038
The study of the Russian-Slavic cultural, political and economic links is quite actual nowadays. At the turn of 18 – 20 centuries Russia was the only independent Slavic state that was a reason of special attention of foreign countries. The most intensive contacts in Slavic world can be found on a regional level. Both pre-revolutional and modern scientists actively explore such aspects as resettlement of Bulgarians to the Kuban, places of their compact location, main activities and further destiny of its members. There is a detailed specification of colonization of Bulagarian landowners from 18 until the beginning of 20 century in the article, based on the archive documents. Also described moments of first appearing of Bulgarians on the Russian territory and particularly in the Kuban. The article is focused on the main stages of economic familiarization and adaptation of settlers to the natural and social features of new locations. The conditions and forms of vital activities in labor, lifestyle, sociopolitical and cultural life that are typical for their social relations are marked in the article. There is also noted that main occupation of Bulgarian settlers was horticulture, where they achieved greatest successes thanks to mastery of artificial irrigation using a special mechanism for that (a big wheel with attached vessels); Hothouse economy, that allowed them to produce thermophilic crops; organization of teams, that assumed collective labor, labor relations and mutual support. To sum up, Bulgarian settlers harmoniously fitted into socio-cultural area of the Kuban region
642 kb

ANALYSIS OF HUNTING STRATEGY OF UPPER PALEOLITHIC IN THE NORTHERN BLACK SEA COAST

abstract 1061502044 issue 106 pp. 700 – 734 28.02.2015 ru 1154
This article is devoted to the studying of one of the most important aspects of learning of life-support and wildlife management systems of hunting of ancient inhabitants of the Northern Black Sea Coast. Such researches are one of the main directions in sphere of studying prehistory of humankind in our country and abroad. The main aim of the research was to create the hunting pattern and to learn the chronological changes, by studying same time materials of Kamennaya Balka II, Tretij Mys, Anetolka II and Amvrosievka. During this research, the complex analysis of faunistic remainders was conducted with the help of new methods, which were developed by Russian and foreign authors. This led to a number of new high-quality results. The article shows the meaning of data which can be learnt by studying faunistic remainders and importance of such type of sources. The continuation of such research can extend our conception of life of our ancient ancestors
415 kb

THE VALUE OF THE GENEALOGICAL FACTOR FOR THE FORMATION OF THE POSITIVE BASES OF THE SOCIETY DEVELOPMENT (IN THE EXAMPLE OF RESEARCHES OF THE HISTORY OF THE SKULSKY NOBLE FAMILY)

abstract 1051501041 issue 105 pp. 682 – 702 30.01.2015 ru 1086
In the system of the sciences the genealogy is closely connected with the physical and structural anthropology, the historical psychology, demography, ethnography, genetics and other areas of knowledge. It is emphasized that today an important component of any family, except the welfare, the popularity and the existence of the significant state awards (this is a certain template which distorts an essence of the genealogical researches, because it glorifies the persons doing the actions harm to the countries of the world), is the allocation of the other essential qualities of the people. One of such intrinsic characteristics is the patriotism of service to the Fatherland to which there is attention the long-term and laborious research by the several generations of genealogy of the family of Skulsky. In the article оn the basis of the collected several generations of the researchers of unique genealogical information we have proposed an analytical approach to the study of the long history of Russia using the biographical method. In conclusion, we have disclosed the value of this method for the modern science, focused on the development of the interdisciplinary research and the increase of the reliability, objectivity, scientific findings and recommendations. Unique research data since XVI century are provided in article. The biography of two representatives of this noble family is considered in detail
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