Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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282 kb

MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY DURING THE LAST FORTYFIVE YEARS

abstract 1171603004 issue 117 pp. 93 – 121 31.03.2016 ru 896
Sociology is one of the most important social sciences. Mathematical and primarily statistical methods are effective intellectual tools of sociologists. Let us analyze the work of the author of this article on the development of statistical methods to meet the challenges of sociology. Then we give the review of development of statistical methods in Russian sociology for 45 years (1970-2015). The basic scientific events of these years, first of all, were formation of applied statistics and its basis - statistics of the non-numerical data (in sociology of 70-90% of variables have non-numerical nature). Over the last 30 years, the Russian sociology has been growing rapidly in all quantitative parameters. Clearly, the depth of investigation gives the use of advanced scientific apparatus - methodology and methods of data collection and analysis, mathematical models. In our view, a fundamental breakthrough was made in our country in the 1970s. It was then in the arsenal of Russian sociologists appeared measurement theory and fuzzy sets, mathematical methods of classification and multidimensional scaling, nonparametric statistics and statistics of non-numeric data. In subsequent decades it has been a natural development of scientific apparatus. The same mathematical and statistical methods and models can be successfully applied in various fields of science and practice. Statistical methods and models are very effective in sociological, socio-economic, managerial, technical and feasibility studies, medicine, history, in almost any industry and application areas of knowledge. Within this field, the main event of the last thirty five years - is becoming a scientific and practical discipline "Applied Statistics", dedicated to the development and application of statistical methods and models. An analysis of the dynamics of applied statistics leads to the conclusion that in the XXI century the statistics of non-numerical data is becoming a central area of applied statistics, as it contains the most common approaches and results
121 kb

LEGAL CULTURE AS A KIND OF SOCIAL CULTURE IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

abstract 1341710010 issue 134 pp. 125 – 133 29.12.2017 ru 1043
This article describes the social culture of an individual as a systemically important indicator of the higher education system. The social culture of an individual is the core of the reproduction of different educational levels, the social institution of education in general, the spiritual sphere of the society. One of the types of the social culture of a future specialist is the legal culture. A high level of the legal culture allows the students to realize their abilities, interests, and needs. At the same time the legal culture is aimed at educating a socially conscious citizen. The author of the article clarifies the concepts of culture, social culture and legal culture, identifies the main approaches to the phenomenon under study through the main components of the higher education system. In this regard, the legal culture is viewed from the standpoint of activity and value approaches. The systematization of knowledge carried out by the author allowed to consider the content of legal culture. To study the level of the legal culture formedness in the system of higher education, the author singles out the information legal culture, the culture of the legal way of life, of social and legal activity, of value legal orientations. According to the level a future specialist possesses these types of legal culture, it is possible to give a comprehensive objective assessment of the effectiveness of the functioning and development of all components of the higher education system
221 kb

INTEREST IN POLITICS AND PROTEST ACTIVITY OF YOUTH IN THE MIRROR OF EMPIRICAL STUDIES

abstract 1111507105 issue 111 pp. 1606 – 1617 30.09.2015 ru 1170
In the article, some results of empirical sociological research of problems of political socialization of youth are discussed. The answers of respondents to questions of interest in policy, the ethnic conflicts and protest activity are analyzed. The main reasons for extremist moods in the youth environment are established
175 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY’S INSTITUTE ON TRANSGRESSING SOCIETY

abstract 1231609013 issue 123 pp. 214 – 228 30.11.2016 ru 715
The article deals with influence of the institution of family on the transgressing experience in its various forms. The problem is quite relevant in view of the fact that the society gets out of structural limitations. Increasingly, social actors step over the border, which for many ordinary people are considered immutable, violate generally accepted course of events, the established norms of behavior and morality. In this regard, the authors discuss the phenomenon of transgression as an integral part of modern society, which is understood as a strategy to overcome social taboos, violation of cultural traditions, moral and religious regulators. In addition, the transgression may be regarded as a manifestation of freedom. Freedom from rules, regulations, prohibitions, including religious ones. And then it is quite possible the emergence of such a phenomenon as a religious transgression. The authors give a definition of religious transgression, which is the process overstep religious prohibitions designed to separate the man from his immersion in faith, radical overcoming taboos of religion, the transition from one religion to another. The article presents the results conducted in 2016 a search of sociological research on the basis of Astrakhan State University. Based on these studies, the authors conclude that it is the family becomes the unifying factor that helps in keeping the values in the course of religious transgression
141 kb

INFLUENCE OF HOUSING POLICY ON SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC SAFETY OF THE COUNTRY

abstract 1211607106 issue 121 pp. 1721 – 1731 30.09.2016 ru 1042
In the article, we consider transformation of domestic households. The reasons of emergence of antinuclearization of a family are described and negative influence of these households on demographic safety of the state is revealed. Researches of the Russian scientists regarding changing of family structure of the population of Russia are considered and analyzed. We have proved an impact of housing problems on development of structure of a family. The basic principles of a state policy providing the solution of housing questions are offered
139 kb

IDEOLOGY AS A SOCIAL PHENOMENON: A SUBJECTIVIST CONSIDERATION

abstract 1041410109 issue 104 pp. 1567 – 1577 30.12.2014 ru 1013
The article deals with a range of approaches to the ideology from the anthropocentric paradigm point of view, where the source of the ideological consciousness is mainly found in psychological nature of a man. Stability and functionality of ideology as a social phenomenon are proved
154 kb

HEROISM IN REPRESENTATION OF STUDENT’S YOUTH

abstract 1191605012 issue 119 pp. 192 – 202 31.05.2016 ru 460
This article analyzes the representations of modern youth of heroism as the basis of patriotic and civic education. Special attention is paid to consideration of the transformation of the concept of "heroism", reduce the social significance of the feat in the consciousness of modern Russian society. Value of creating an image of the hero as a way of formation a sense of patriotism and learning patterns of social activity necessary for the creation of a civil society is analyzed. On the basis of sociological research among students of higher education institutions of Krasnodar, the understanding of the essence of "heroism" and attitude to the heroic deeds is revealed. The connection of this social phenomenon with a set of personal lines and moral qualities of the person is established. The most favorable for commission of feats spheres and the personalities applying for a role of heroes for today's younger generation are defined. The authors draw a conclusion about the existence of student’s interest in the phenomenon of heroism and the passive need for the formation of a distinct image of the hero on a basis, both the celebrated historic figures, and contemporaries. In addition, discrepancy in a number of answers of students is noted, indicating the absence of a modern young people a clear idea of heroism and heroic acts, their importance in personal development. This, in turn, complicates and slows down the process of forming a high sense of patriotism and high civil activity
143 kb

HANDMADE AS A FORM OF CREATIVE AND PROFESSIONAL SELF-REALIZATION

abstract 1291705096 issue 129 pp. 1333 – 1343 31.05.2017 ru 594
The article is devoted to the study of social practices of the handmade and their impact on creative and professional fulfillment of personality. It deals with the concept of handmade, its value as a way of leisure and business in Western countries and in Russia. Presents the results carried out by the authors of the sociological research devoted to the study of the relations of the inhabitants of Krasnodar to manual production. Based on the analysis of empirical data the following indicators handmade were pointed: uniqueness, exclusivity, originality, quality. Handicrafts opposed to a mass product. This makes hand-made in demand. Respondents perceive the hand primarily as a leisure activity, which nevertheless allows obtaining additional income and contributes to self-development. Key qualities and competencies that can be generated in the course of employment in manual labor were identified. Among them the most important the respondents considered the disclosure of creative abilities, creativity, attentiveness, diligence. It is concluded that under the conditions of modern Russia, with the existing level of development of information technologies created sufficient social base for the development of handmade industry
214 kb

FORMATION OF YOUTH SUBCULTURES IN BURYATIA

abstract 0370803003 issue 37 pp. 23 – 35 31.03.2008 ru 3646
Peculiarities of youth subcultures in Buryatia, their classification, and main factors influencing the appearance of youth subcultures in the period from the beginning of 1990s to 2007 are considered and analyzed in the article.
129 kb

FEATURES AND PROBLEM AREAS OF OUTBOUND TOURISM (ON THE EXAMPLE OF EMPIRICAL DATA SOCIAL RESEARCH OF YOUTH STUDENT'S GROUP OF KUBAN)

abstract 1041410018 issue 104 pp. 280 – 289 30.12.2014 ru 1327
The article presents the results of empirical researches in the field of outbound tourism of Kuban students. The sociological data describes the picture of the tourism industry and analyze the tourism potential of young people, any perspectives of the development of the tourist business in the Krasnodar region
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