Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
141 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF ASSESSING THE ACCURACY OF GEODETIC NETWORKS OF A QUADRANGLE WITH MEASURED SIDES

abstract 0981404007 issue 98 pp. 94 – 102 30.04.2014 ru 1930
The article presents the weighting function for the points within the geodetic network. The obtained system of equations is solved by the method of least squares. In the result of solving the system of equations we found the original formula for calculation of reverse weights of any point in the geodetic network
172 kb

ON IMPROVING THE ACCURACY OF FILLING GEODETIC NETWORKS OF QUADRANGLES

abstract 1021408009 issue 102 pp. 185 – 192 31.10.2014 ru 1053
The article considers the issue of increasing the accuracy of filling geodetic networks of quadrangles with measured by the parties by increasing the number of conditional equations. We have considered the three variants of placement of additionally measured diagonals of the squares. The results improve the accuracy in the determination of coordinates of points within the network, due to these additional measured elements
255 kb

INFLUENCE OF FEATURES OF ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES ON PROBLEMS OF RESEARCHES AT ARRANGEMENT OF OIL AND GAS FIELDS

abstract 1061502054 issue 106 pp. 853 – 866 28.02.2015 ru 1307
Prospects of development of oil-extracting branch of the Krasnodar region are connected with continuation of prospecting works and search drilling in a zone of transit of the Kuban River and water areas of the Black and Azov seas. In the existing normative documents about technical researches we didn't find reflection of the rule of works on platforms of capital construction of wells on the earth and in transitional conditions. The technique of studying of engineering-geological features of territories of oil and gas fields is offered. Regional and zone factors of engineering-geological conditions of oil and gas fields are established. Engineering-geological structures are allocated. Additional types of technical researches are defined
868 kb

LOCALIZATION FEATURES OF GEOCHEMICAL TYPES OF UNDERGROUND WATER OF OB-TOMSKOYE INTERFLUVIAL

abstract 1071503096 issue 107 pp. 1479 – 1492 31.03.2015 ru 1417
The chemical composition of neogen-quaternary, paleogene, cretaceous and paleozoic aquifer systems in the Ob-Tomskoye interfluves area is presented in the article. The water saturation with respect to secondary minerals is described. Authors show that the waters of all studied aquifer systems are saturated with respect to montmorillonites and calcite in a less degree. The geochemical water types are identified and their distribution is described
159 kb

STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMIC ACID SOILS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1091505071 issue 109 pp. 1004 – 1013 29.05.2015 ru 1402
The structural and functional properties of humic acids of different types of poorly studied soils of the Krasnodar Region: ordinary black soil or chernozem (carbonated), meadowish chernozem and gray forest soils are investigated. We define the type of humus of the soil samples studied as fulvate-humate. Using traditional indicators of humus soil conditions the regularities of soil and ecological processes involving organic matter in soils under natural and anthropogenically factorial changes in the monitoring sites are revealed. The relationship of the optical properties of humic acids with the intensity of the processes of transformation of humic substances by increasing the depth of the soil sample is shown. By NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and spectrophotometry in the visible spectrum differences and similarities in the structure of macromolecules of humic acids in soil samples. In terms of soil contamination with oil in a field experiment, on the monitoring site we have set a trend towards to redistribution in the ratio of functional groups of humic acid macromolecules: the proportion of aliphatic fragments increases. We have revealed an increase in the share of the mobile fraction of humic substances in terms of oil pollution. The article has the most suitable justification for these processes. The results can be used for prediction the environmental state of the soil under anthropogenic pollution
330 kb

THE ROLE OF SEISMICITY IN THE FORMATION OF GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURES WITHIN THE TEREK-SUNZHA PETROLEUM PROVINCE

abstract 1101506042 issue 110 pp. 633 – 652 30.06.2015 ru 1580
Within the Terek-Sunzha gas area we have identified patterns, most of which are divided into blocks in some cases with large amplitude shear. The processes of destruction of structures took place during the period of their formation and the subsequent time and due to the strong and catastrophic earthquakes. The article provides a statistical analysis of strong earthquakes in this region during the period 1688-2008 and the regularities of their existence. It is shown that the maximum number of earthquakes took place during the period of the depths of 5-12 km and the distribution of the number of strong earthquakes at levels subject to certain matematical patterns. With regard to the analysis of the distribution of earthquakes in a single year in the whole of the globe, we obtained the correlation of the displacement of rocks from levels of existence of earthquakes and possible displacement of rocks to very catastrophic earthquakes. We have also given the forecast frequency and the number of strong catastrophic earthquakes for the period from the beginning of the formation of structures up to the present time. We assessed maximum displacements of rock blocks during this time, which is in good agreement with the actual values of the displacement of rock blocks
2934 kb

CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA: TENDENCIES AND POSSIBILITIES FOR PREDICTION

abstract 1111507030 issue 111 pp. 538 – 552 30.09.2015 ru 1404
What we have analyzed in the article is the spatial structure of the surface air temperature and precipitation amount fields in the Black Sea Region. Spatial correlation method is applied to reveal teleconnections between surface air temperature and precipitation measured at the meteorological stations of the region from one hand and globally averaged surface air temperature and atmospheric circulation indecies from the other hand. Atmospheric circulation indecies – North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and Oscillation «North Sea – Northern Caspian Sea» (NCP) – determine to a great extent regional temperature and precipitation regime. The goal of the current research is to establish probable causes and mechanisms influencing regional climatic variations and examining of possible connections of the latter with the global climate change. It is demonstrated that relations between air temperature and precipitation at particular stations in the region and global temperature are weak and ambigous. At the same time, temperature and precipitation regimes are affected by changes of phases of NAO and NCP. It means that global warming has no direct effect on the regional climate. More probably, global warming influences the regional climate through the changes in the atmospheric circulation pattern in the particular region
2512 kb

MAKING OF CARTOGRAPHIC MODELS FOR CLIMATIC BACKGROUND OF MAYMA RIVER BASIN

abstract 1131509111 issue 113 pp. 1589 – 1598 30.11.2015 ru 1357
The article is devoted to the study of the spatial distribution of air temperature, precipitation and their ratio in the form of moisturizing factor of the Mayma river basin. Calculations of the vertical and horizontal gradients are hold. Cartographic models of the distribution basic climatic indices are also constructed
171 kb

THE ISSUES OF EQUALIZATION OF GEODETIC CHAIN OF QUADRANGLES

abstract 1141510012 issue 114 pp. 162 – 170 30.12.2015 ru 1206
The article examines the development of a planned study on the clearings and roads in built-up and forested areas, as well as for building networks. Most often, it is recommended to use the method without diagonal quadrangles, where in each figure measured all four corners and the length of one of the parties, and in the first and last rectangles – four corners and two sides. The length of the other sides is obtained by computing, previously having leveraged the angles in the quadrilaterals. The disadvantage of this method is the adjustment of such circuits in a simplified manner, namely: the distribution of residuals arising in the augmentation of coordinates fx and fy equally to all augmentation. The article proposes formulas of Gauss for direct angular notches to make the conditional equation of directional angles, deciding which method of least squares, find the amendments to the measured directional angles. Introducing these amendments, I get the coordinates of the desired points of successive angular intersection. As it may be seen from preliminary calculations, the errors resulting from the use of differential corrections in the coordinates are very small and may not have a significant influence on the measurement result
456 kb

HOW TO ESTIMATE THE ACCURACY OF DETERMINING THE COORDINATES IN THE APPROACH OF HANSEN

abstract 1171603010 issue 117 pp. 192 – 203 31.03.2016 ru 1014
Recently, there have been satellite-based methods widely used to determine the coordinates of points, which allow, without mutual visibility between points, to pursue their coordinates. However, in some cases, for example in forests, in urban buildings the application of these methods becomes a problem and it is easier to apply traditional methods. The article describes the case of using the method of calculation of coordinates for "the approach of Hansen" and held to evaluate the accuracy of determining the coordinates of the points. Some studies provide only recommendation guidelines that the most accurate results are obtained when the shape of the building is shaped similar to a square. In our case, on the basis of obtained formulae we had an analysis of the influence of the length of the corresponding base, and its distance from the source side on the accuracy of determination of coordinates of the original points. The conclusion is that the accuracy of determination of coordinates of required points depends on the ratio of the length of the original basis and the baseline. The optimal can be considered the distance equal to 0.3-0.6 of the length of the baseline. The holding data in the study can successfully be used for the drafting of geodetic reference polygonometries moves and thickening of networks
.