#### Name

Pechurina Elena Karimovna

#### Scholastic degree

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#### Academic rank

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#### Honorary rank

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#### Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University

#### Web site url

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## Articles count: 23

In automatic devices, relay-contact circuits are widely used. The development and description of such schemes is quite a challenge. It is known that the apparatus of algebra of logic can be used with success here.
In the article the description of the elevator movement scheme is considered first in the usual way (as it is customary to describe in the instructions), then by the formulas of mathematical logic. A mathematical description of the movement of the cabin of a passenger elevator in the form of a logical function has been obtained

A computer program, as an information system, is designed to fill in the daily form that simulates the form of SP 20. This document indicates the number of livestock, the feed consumption limit by species and sex and age groups per head and the total limit for a month for all livestock. The computer program is created on the basis of an Excel spreadsheet, which is easily mastered by the user (accountant, accountant, manager). The computer program is developed using the VBA language, which allows you to automate all computing operations for data processing. The user enters only known initial data (cattle groups, species and number of feeds)

Meat Academy website http://meatinfo.ru has a comparative table of breeds of cattle on 8 indicators, from which 2 are text and 6 are numerical http://meatinfo.ru/info/show?id=197. It is a natural question for business executives, which of these breeds are similar throughout the system of indicators characterizing them, and which ones differ and to what extent. There is also the question of which indicators are similar and different in meaning and by how much. This article is devoted to the solution of these problems. The results of the study can be used by anyone, due to the fact that Eidos the universal automated system, which is a tool of ask-analysis, is in full open free access on the author's website at: http://lc.kubagro.ru/aidos/_Aidos-X.htm, and numerical examples of solving the mentioned problems with the use of artificial intelligence technologies are placed as a cloud Eidos-application #131

The article deals with the issues of comparing the terms of ACS and IS with reference to automation in agriculture. In the technical literature, at conferences, in educational disciplines of higher education institutions, such terms as: information systems (IS), information technologies (IT), automated control systems (ACS) are often encountered. These terms are widely applied to the relevant objects in the subject areas under consideration. The area of coverage of the objects using these terms is very wide and in each case the definition of the applied term is either not specified at all considered self-explanatory, or the term is defined with various levels of detalization. In the latter case, the thoughtful researcher falls into some confusion or generally tries not to touch upon this question. In the article, on the basis of a review of known literary sources, it is shown which concepts are denoted by these terms when considering automation issues in agriculture. The subject of the study is the use of the terms IT, IS, ACS in works on automation in agriculture. The subject of the study is questions of comparison of the terms ACS and IS. The aim of the study is to indicate that automated IS is a more general concept than ACS

Traditionally, control decisions are made by solving repeatedly the forecasting problem for different values of control factors and choosing a combination of them that ensures the transfer of the control object to the target state. However, real control objects are affected by hundreds or thousands of control factors, each of which can have dozens of values. A complete search of all possible combinations of values of control factors leads to the need to solve the problem of forecasting tens or hundreds of thousands or even millions of times to make a single decision, and this is completely unacceptable in practice. Therefore, we need a decision-making method that does not require significant computing resources. Thus, there is a contradiction between the actual and the desired, a contradiction between them, which is the problem to be solved in the work. In this work, we propose a developed algorithm for decision-making by solving the inverse forecasting problem once (automated SWOT analysis), using the results of cluster-constructive analysis of the target states of the control object and the values of factors and a single solution of the forecasting problem. This determines the relevance of the topic. The purpose of the work is to solve the problem. By decomposing the goal, we have formulated the following tasks, which are the stages of achieving the goal: cognitive-target structuring of the subject area; formalization of the subject area (development of classification and descriptive scales and gradations and formation of a training sample); synthesis, verification and increasing the reliability of the model of the control object; forecasting, decision-making and research of the control object by studying its model. The study uses the automated system-cognitive analysis and its software tools (the intelligent system called "Eidos") as a method for solving the set tasks. As a result of the work, we propose a developed decision-making algorithm, which is applicable in intelligent control systems. The main conclusion of the work is that the proposed approach has successfully solved the problem

The aim of this work is to study the strength and the direction of the influence of morphological and biochemical properties of tomatoes on the quantitative, qualitative, financial and economic results of their cultivation and the degree of determinism of these results. Achieving this goal is of great scientific and practical interest for scientists, breeders and vegetable growers-practitioners. This allows breeders to obtain new high-performance varieties of tomato hybrids, and farms to choose hybrids, the cultivation of which is most effective from a financial and economic point of view. To achieve this goal, we use automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its software tool which is the intelligent system called "Eidos". A numerical example based on real data on tomato hybrids has been considered in detail

The article is devoted to the use of automated system-cognitive analysis for the study of probiotics for the growth of bulls. Moreover, as growth indicators we have not used live weight, but indices characterizing the shape and proportions of the body of animals. A detailed numerical example of solving the problem using real data is given

At present, databases of 27-year observations of various adverse weather conditions and dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena leading to social and economic losses on the territory of Russia are in full open free access. Some of these natural hazards also cause significant damage to agriculture, especially crop production, horticulture and viticulture. Therefore, a great scientific and practical interest is the intellectual analysis of these data, which will create more favorable conditions for the prediction of such adverse events and decision-making, taking into account their possible negative impact on human activity. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to solve the following tasks, which are obtained by decomposition of the goal and are the stages of its achievement: Task 1: cognitive structuring of the subject area. Task 2: preparation of initial data and formalization of the subject area. Task 3: synthesis and verification of statistical and system-cognitive models and selection of the most reliable model. Task 4: solving problems in the most reliable model: - subtask 4.1. Forecasting (diagnostics, classification, recognition, identification); - subtask 4.2. Support decision-making; - sub-task 4.3. Study of the simulated subject area by studying its model (cognitive diagrams of classes and values of factors, agglomerative cognitive clustering of classes and values of factors, nonlocal neurons and neural networks, 3d-integral cognitive maps, cognitive functions). It is proposed to use automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) to solve the tasks. The article provides a detailed numerical example illustrating the solution of all these problems

This article briefly discusses a new innovation (brought to a level that ensures its practical use) method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its programmatic toolkit which is called intellectual system "Eidos". A detailed numerical example of the solution demonstrating the technology of creating a veterinary diagnostic test of gastrointestinal diseases of horses is given. As the source data, we use data from the UCI repository, kindly given by Mary McLeish and Matt Cecile (Department of computer science of University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1, with the support of a sponsor: Will Taylor. The developed test is used to solve the problems of diagnosis, decision support and examining the simulated subject area by studying its model. The results of the study can be used by anyone, due to the fact that Eidos the universal automated system, which is a tool of ask-analysis, is in full open free access on the author's website at: http://lc.kubagro.ru/aidos/_Aidos-X.htm, and numerical examples of solving veterinary problems with the use of artificial intelligence technologies are placed as a cloud Eidos-application 129

Sommelier evaluates the quality of wine on the basis of their subjective feelings. At the same time, what the sommelier says when evaluating wine, it is difficult or impossible to rationally understand for the uninitiated to this art. The process of assessing the quality of wine by sommelier can not be formalized and is carried out entirely at the sensual level. Sometimes, different sommeliers differently evaluate the same wine poured from the same barrel into bottles of different prestige, with stickers differing in the number of stars. This raises at least two legitimate and natural questions. The first question is whether any subjective sommelier evaluations of the quality of wine are connected with its objective physical and chemical properties? The second question arises in the case of a positive answer to the first one: is it possible to analyze the objective methods of physical and chemical properties of wine to predict its subjective assessment by various sommeliers or some "generalized sommelier", generalizing many such subjective assessments? This article is devoted to obtaining reasoned answers to these questions. The purpose of this work, which is of great scientific and practical interest, is to create a model that provides an automated assessment of the quality of wine based on the analysis of its objective physical and chemical properties, coinciding with its sommelier-evaluation. To achieve this goal, we use Automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its software tools – the intelligent system called "Eidos". A detailed numerical example based on 1599 real-world examples of sommelier evaluation of wine quality with known physical and chemical properties is considered. In addition to the answer to the two questions in the article, there is a study of the created system-cognitive model