Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Kasparov Michail Arkad’evich

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Kuban State University

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Articles count: 1

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abstract 1241610011 issue 124 pp. 210 – 242 30.12.2016 ru 1020
The article presents a mathematical model of the ion transport across phase boundary exchange membrane / solution. The border is considered as an object in space, endowed with all the physical and chemical properties that are inherent physical and chemical phases. It is regarded as a special physical and chemical environment, having a distributed exchange capacity in which there is space charge dissociation of water molecules. The size of this object is estimated in the range of 1-300 nm. The surface morphology of industrial membrane type MK-40, МA-41 and МA-41P was investigated experimentally by scanning electron microscopy (REM). There was analyzed the amplitude of average surface roughness. In this article, the reaction layer is modeled as a region that forms as a relief morphology of the membrane. Membrane properties are due to the properties of the solution and the properties of the membrane. To determine the dependence of Q(x) is proposed procedure for assessing the proportion of solid phase in the total volume of which can be seen in the vertical cross section microprofile on the membrane surface line. Height multivendors determine the reaction layer zone on frame of model. Influence of surface morphology on the V-A characteristics and the sizes of the convective instability of cation-exchange membrane evaluated numerically simulating the hydrodynamic flow conditions using a solution of the Navier-Stokes equations. The transfer of a strong electrolyte such as NaCl ions through the thin layer of the reaction layer is considered. The place of nanomodel in the structure of a three-layer membrane system is showed. The distribution of the concentration of ions in the system, the charge density distribution and the dependence of the integrate charge with extent nanolayer is present. How to change the shape of the space charge and its integral value with one is investigated