Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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403 kb

PHYSICAL MECHANISMS OF TURBULENT VISCOSITY AND SIMULATION OF TURBULENCE ON THE NAVIER-STOKES EQUATIONS

abstract 1181604096 issue 118 pp. 1469 – 1487 29.04.2016 ru 341
The article deals with the solution of the NavierStokes equations describing turbulent flows over rough surfaces. It is known, that there is a mechanism of turbulent mixing in natural systems, leading to an increase in the viscosity of the continuous medium. In this regard, we suggest methods of regularization of the Navier-Stokes equations, similar to the natural mechanisms of mixing. It is shown, that in threedimensional flows over a rough surface turbulent viscosity increases proportionally to the square of the distance from the wall. The models of the flow, taking into account the properties of the turbulent environment are considered. A modification of the continuity equation taking into account the limiting magnitude of pressure fluctuations is proposed. It is shown, that due to the pressure pulsation, the incompressibility condition may be violated even for flows with low Mach numbers. Modification of the continuity equation taking into account turbulent fluctuations leads to a system of nonlinear equations of parabolic type. Modification of continuity equation in the system of Navier-Stokes by the introduction of turbulent viscosity allows the regularization of the Navier-Stokes equations to solve the problems with rapidly changing dynamic parameters. The main result of which is obtained by numerical simulation of the modified system of equations is the stability of the numerical algorithm at a large Reynolds number, which can be explained, first, a system of parabolic type, and a large quantity of turbulent viscosity. A numerical model of flow around plates with the rapid change in angle of attack has been verified. We have discovered the type of instability of the turbulent boundary layer associated with the rapid changes in dynamic parameters. It is shown, that the fluctuations of the boundary layer to cause generation of sound at a frequency of 100 Hz to 1 kHz
572 kb

THE REALIZATION OF GALOIS GROUPS BY TRINOMIALS OVER THE FIELD OF RATIONAL NUMBERS Q

abstract 1311707124 issue 131 pp. 1497 – 1524 29.09.2017 ru 342
It is known that not every finite group can be realized over the field of rational numbers as a Galois group of some binomial. In this connection, a more general question arises: suppose that there is given a finite transitive subgroup G of the symmetric group S on n symbols; Can this group G be realized as a Galois group of some trinomial of degree n over the field of rational numbers? In this paper we prove that every transitive subgroup of the group S can be realized in the form of the Galois group of a certain trinomial of the degree n, for the values n = 2, 3, 4. For n = 5 , 6 we give examples that realize concrete Galois groups. In the case n = 7, all the transitive subgroups of the group S are realized, except possibly one group of the isomorphic dihedral group D. Further calculations will be directed to the realization of specific Galois groups for n = 8, 9 ..., however, the number of transitive subgroups of the group S for n = 8, 9 ... grows very fast, so the larger the value of n, the more difficult it is to realize not just everything but the specific subgroup of the group S in the form of a trinomial over Q
137 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS DEVELOPMENT OF CONTROLLING

abstract 1201606002 issue 120 pp. 49 – 59 30.06.2016 ru 351
On the basis of the objective analysis it must be noted that in the arsenal of managers, especially foreign ones, there is practically no fundamentally new methods and tools of controlling. So says the executive director of Russian Association of Controllers prof. S. G. Falco. However, promising mathematical and instrumental methods of controlling actively developed in our country. It is necessary to implement them. For example, managers should be used techniques which discussed in the book by Orlov AI, Lutsenko EV, Loikaw VI "Advanced mathematical and instrumental methods of controlling" (2015). These methods are based on the modern development of mathematics as a whole - on the system interval fuzzy math (see the same named book by Orlov AI and Lutsenko EV, 2014). Considered methods are developed in accordance with the new paradigm of mathematical methods of research. It includes new paradigms of applied statistics, mathematical statistics, mathematical methods of economics, methods of analysis of statistical and expert data in management and control. In the XXI century there were more than 10 books issued, developed in accordance with the new paradigm of mathematical methods of research. The systems approach to solving specific applications often requires going beyond the economy. Very important are the procedures for the introduction of innovative methods and tools. In this article we consider the above research results in their interconnection
495 kb

DYNAMICS OF RELATIVISTIC PARTICLES IN THE RING AND SPIRAL GALAXY METRIC

abstract 1231609143 issue 123 pp. 2136 – 2162 30.11.2016 ru 354
In this work, we examine the dynamics of relativistic particles in the ring or spiral galaxy metric in general relativity. On the basis of the solution of Einstein's equations we have derived metric having axial symmetry, comprising N centers of gravity and a logarithmic singularity. The application received metrics to describe the motion of particles in a spiral and ring galaxy. On the basis of Einstein's equations solutions for vacuum we are explained rotation of matter in spiral galaxies. An expression for gravitation potential in the inner region of spiral galaxies in agreement with experimental data on the rotation of the CO and hydrogen is described. It is established that in the metric with N centers of gravity which are distributed on the circumference, exist as a local motion near the center of gravity, and motion around N gravity center as well. The transition from one mode of motion to another is determined by the initial distance to the circle on which the distributed centers of gravity. A system of non-linear parabolic equations describing the evolution of the metric in the Ricci flow proposed. The boundary problem for the gravitational potentials in the Ricci flow was formulated. There are applications of the theory to describe a spiral and ring galaxy
304 kb

CHARACTERIZATION OF AVERAGE VALUES BY MEANS OF MEASUREMENT SCALES

abstract 1341710070 issue 134 pp. 853 – 883 29.12.2017 ru 362
According to measurement theory, statistical data are measured in various scales. The most widely used ordinal scale, scales of intervals and relations. Statistical methods of data analysis should correspond to the scales in which the data is measured. The term "correspondence" is specified with the help of the concepts of an adequate function and an allowable scale transformation. The main content of the article is a description of the average values that can be used to analyze data measured in the ordinal scale, interval and relationship scales, and some others. The main attention is paid to the means for Cauchy and the means for Kolmogorov. In addition to the mean, from this point of view, polynomials and correlation indices are also analyzed. Detailed mathematical proofs of characterization theorems are given for the first time in scientific periodicals. It is shown that in the ordinal scale there are exactly n average values, that can be used, namely, n order statistics. The proof is represented as a chain of 9 lemmas. In the scale of intervals from all Kolmogorov means, only the arithmetic mean can be used. In the scale of relations from all the Kolmogorov means, only the power means and the geometric mean are permissible. The kind of adequate polynomials in the relationship scale is indicated
1362 kb

VORTEX TURBULENT FLOWS IN ATMOSPHERES OF PLANETS AND ON THE SUN

abstract 1341710109 issue 134 pp. 1387 – 1411 29.12.2017 ru 364
In this work, we consider two types of vortex currents-cyclones and anticyclones in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Numerical modeling of turbulent flows of these types uses the model of the planetary boundary layer developed by the author. The purpose of the study is to test hypotheses about the influence of the Coriolis force on the formation of cyclones and anticyclones in the northern and southern latitudes. The first hypothesis on the direction of circulation in cyclones was verified in the case of axisymmetric radially converging and vertically rising turbulent flows with a natural Coriolis parameter and viscosity. From the obtained data of numerical experiments, it follows that the current in the northern latitudes circulates in a counter clockwise direction, and in the south - in a clockwise direction, in full accordance with the observational data. Thus, we have shown that a cyclonic flow is formed in a turbulent radially converging flow under the influence of the Coriolis force. The second hypothesis on the formation of anticyclones was verified in the case of radially divergent and vertically descending turbulent flows. Because of numerical experiments, it was established that in this case, the current in the northern latitudes circulates clockwise, and in the south - in a counter clockwise direction, which corresponds to observations for anticyclones. To test the effect of the cyclone (anticyclone) center velocity on circulation, a nonstationary 3D model of turbulent flow was developed. Within the framework of this model, flows in cyclones and anticyclones moving at a constant speed, as well as in shear flow, are studied. Some types of loop protuberances on the Sun are explained by the presence of a vortex turbulent flow starting in the bowels of the Sun and encompassing the chromosphere
1119 kb

SUPERGRAVITY IN 112D

abstract 1171603082 issue 117 pp. 1266 – 1287 31.03.2016 ru 368
In the study we consider the problem of determining the motion and similarity parameter to the system of worlds in a Riemannian space 112D with a common field of gravity. Centrally symmetric metric, depending on the 110 angle coordinates and the radial coordinate and time was investigated. It is assumed that there are intelligent beings in every world, striving for self-knowledge. By virtue of the presence of the world hierarchy in one of them there is a system of complete identification of each characteristic of the individual being with macroparameters his world. If sentient beings in all the world to create a device to simulate their own history in the form of a network of computers using the available material and the physical laws of his world, and the loss of information when displaying one world to another is 1%, then 37- th world played only 68.9449%. For Earthlings, it was found that the average similarity parameter of professional group in recognition by using astronomical parameters is 68.75%. Therefore, we can assume that the world system, including Earth, contains 37 "floors." Assuming that each "floor" takes three space dimensions, and all the "floors" connected by a single time, we find here that the number of dimensions of space-time of the whole system is 112. In the article the angular motion in a Riemannian space is considered. The effect of the separate worlds on other worlds is simulated. It has been shown that the physical laws in all worlds represent a single movement covering the markers in the form of the motion of atoms and elementary particles in a gravitational field in the 112D
263 kb

TO THE HYPOTHESIS OF VORONOI

abstract 1341710075 issue 134 pp. 937 – 947 29.12.2017 ru 372
The problem of establishing of the factorization of irreducible polynomials with integer coefficients on prime modules p has been long of interest to mathematicians. The quadratic and cubic reciprocity laws solve this problem for quadratic polynomials and binomials of the form x3-a . More general reciprocity laws solve the formulated problem for some classes of polynomials, for example, with Abelian Galois group, but for polynomials with non-Abelian Galois group, the problem is far from its complete solution. Our study shows how using the results of Voronov G.F., Hasse H. and Stickelberger L., one can find conditions that must satisfy prime number p. Gauss received a similar result for binomial x3-2. Specific examples are given, for instance, for the polynomial x3-x - I, also conditions arc formulated for which a quadratic field is immersed in non-Abelian Galois extension of degree 6. Also, conditions are given under which a Diophantine equation: а12a22-4a22-4a13a3- 27a32+18a1a2a3=D has a solution for integer values of D
380 kb

LOGARITHMIC LAW AND EMERGENCE PARAMETER OF CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM SYSTEMS

abstract 1201606110 issue 120 pp. 1659 – 1685 30.06.2016 ru 376
The work discusses various examples of physical systems which state is determined by the logarithmic law - quantum and classical statistical systems and relativistic motion in multidimensional spaces. It was established that the Fermi-Dirac statistics and BoseEinstein-Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution could be described by a single equation, which follows from Einstein's equations for systems with central symmetry. We have built the rate of emergence of classical and quantum systems. The interrelation between statistical and dynamic parameters in supergravity theory in spaces of arbitrary dimension was established. It is shown that the description of the motion of a large number of particles can be reduced to the problem of motion on a hypersphere. Radial motion in this model is reduced to the known distributions of quantum and classical statistics. The model of angular movement is reduced to a system of nonlinear equations describing the interaction of a test particle with sources logarithmic type. The HamiltonJacobi equation was integrated under the most general assumptions in the case of centrally-symmetric metric. The dependence of actions on the system parameters and metrics was found out. It is shown that in the case of fermions the action reaches extremum in fourdimensional space. In the case of bosons there is a local extremum of action in spaces of any dimension
385 kb

THEORY OF PHYSICAL CONSTANTS AND SUPERGRAVITY IN 112D

abstract 1181604078 issue 118 pp. 1223 – 1245 29.04.2016 ru 387
In this article we discuss a version of the metric theory of the fundamental interactions in which it is assumed that the physical constants due to the presence of extra dimensions of space-time. The estimation of the number of physical constants based on the theory of supergravity in 112D is that the minimum number of constants is equal to 222, and the maximum number - 1404928. At present, the number of parameters that characterize the elementary particles, isotopes and chemical elements is about 150920. This number is 9.3 less than the maximum possible number of parameters that indicate still great potential of modern science. Functions describing the area and volume of a unit hypersphere, embedded in a Riemannian space of arbitrary dimension, were used to find the fundamental physical constants. A satisfactory agreement with a relative error of 0.03% calculated and experimental values of the fine structure constant found out. For the ratio of the average mass of a nucleon to the electron mass is obtained coincidence with the experimental value with an accuracy of 0.002%. The proposed theory of physical constants different from that Bartini theory that established the optimal dimension of the space is a hypersphere 5 and 7, rather than 6 as in Bartini theory. The problems of the compactification of extra dimensions in describing the motion in fourdimensional space-time are discussed
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