Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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191 kb

ISOMORPHISM OF SYSTEM STAGES OF EVOLUTION

abstract 1261702048 issue 126 pp. 674 – 690 28.02.2017 ru 755
The article discusses and explains the similarity of organizational, structural and functional «solutions» at different system stages of the evolutionary development presented in nature and society. It is shown that at any level of biological organisation transition to a new stages of evolutionary development is implemented not only via «classical» individual changes (adaptations) of the particular organisms, but also by means of: 1) integration of organisms into the new systems of «superorganisms», 2) the differentiation of their functions or the division of labor, and 3) the development of internal and external communication, integrated into the overall communication system, ranging from single cells to ecological and social communication. The article argues that the distinctive characteristic of the present stage of evolution is cumulative cultural evolution of complex social systems that support (scaffold) the development of their individuals, through learning processes. It is shown that such social systems still have structural and functional isomorphism with biological systems; however, their reproduction and transmission implemented predominantly through more developed in the human community non-genetic inheritance systems, the advanced division of labour and distributed cognition.
163 kb

DYNAMICS OF LIBERAL IDEOLOGIES IN POSTMODERN PERIOD

abstract 1331709089 issue 133 pp. 1179 – 1192 30.11.2017 ru 751
The article considers the main point of liberal ideology, its spontaneous connection with ideas of Enlightenment, reasons of victory of liberalism over ideological competitors. The factors, which water down the integrity of liberalism in present conditions of the Enlightenment, are analyzed, the main trends of modern modification of liberalism (libertarianism, agonal liberalism, Kantian liberalism) are considered. There were determined the possible perspectives of liberalism as a world-view in limits of which there were stated the strong positions of liberalism as a practical rootedness as well as the high popularity of ideas of Enlightenment in scientific communities
135 kb

ABOUT A QUESTION OF DEVELOPMENT OF MICRO-, MACRO- AND MEGAWORLD IN THE POSTNONCLASSIC ONTOLOGY

abstract 1331709012 issue 133 pp. 124 – 133 30.11.2017 ru 733
In the article, we discuss a possible institutionalization of postnonclassic ontology. It is shown that the nonlinearity, deterministic chaos, fractality phenomena change classic views on possible forms of existence, cause of nature. The work discusses conceptual foundations of the particle physics. This theme is examined in connection with problem of logical and philosophical analysis of physical language and its usage in cognitive procedures. The article refines the modern model of three-component structure of the Universe on the basis of post-nonclassical consideration of the Universe. Features of synergetic as interdisciplinary scientific direction, the concept of a universal evolutionism, value of information in nature development are discussed. Methodological basis of the process of integration of scientific knowledge is the interdisciplinary direction of the research which important component is the synergetic. It plays an important role in the concept of coevolution realization which considers mutual relation of the person and the nature, the micro- and the megaworld. The article demonstrates that having revealed the laws of functioning of complexly evolutionizing, nonlinear systems, synergetic thus posed the fundamental questions of both epistemological and ideological and value nature. Conceptual shifts occurring in cognition open up the new sides in the interpretation of not just order and disorder but also the categories they generate
200 kb

THE PROBLEM OF READING AND WRITING IN THE CONTEXT OF A POETICS AND PRAGMATICS OF PHILOSOPHICAL TEXTS

abstract 1221608059 issue 122 pp. 866 – 886 31.10.2016 ru 716
The article considers the problem of reading and writing that is topical for the modern philosophy of the text. Philosophical text in modern humanitarian science is considered from the perspective of two of its functions – poetic and pragmatic. The poetic function of the text related to the structure of the text and the cultural and social role of the author in the process of "production". The pragmatic function of the text assumes its "consumption" by the reader, as well as the process of communication between author and reader. This article describes the results of research "the author function" in the humanitarian culture of the twentieth century. Modern analysts, such as R. Barthes, M. Foucault and Eco are talking about the "death of the author", so the term “letter” replaces the concept of text in modern culture. In this regard, the role of the reader increases, not only as a "recipient" of the text, but also as his collaborator. The reader interprets the text, providing the space of its cultural consumption and reproduction in modern society. The key mechanism for such reproduction can be called "hypertext" because it corresponds to the understanding of the text from the perspective of structuralism, and from the perspective of modern information society. In the article we make a conclusion about the necessity of further research in this direction
180 kb

THE GENESIS OF THE "LEARNED IGNORANCE" DOCTRINE AND IT'S COGNITIVE VALUE

abstract 1231609014 issue 123 pp. 229 – 245 30.11.2016 ru 710
A clarification and interpretation of the philosophical meaning of the "learned ignorance" doctrine, viewed from an aspect of a history of philosophy, involves a necessity to educe a genetic and essential relationship between the "learned ignorance" principle and the apophatic tradition of thought. The article describes the genesis of the "docta ignorantia" principle: it appeared in a context of theology as a method for attaining of the knowledge of God. It is this concept that often forces researchers to restrict the epistemic potential of the "learned ignorance" principle, leaving it in limits of negative theology and mystics. However after investigating the difference between the philosophical and the religious understanding of theology the authors of the article interpret the paradigm of the "learned ignorance" to be a fundamental philosophic principle of thought and cognition. Nowadays it is widely accepted, that the paradigm of the "learned ignorance" in it's classical form originates from the apophatic tradition. The article points out, that the representative examples of apophaticism, which could be found in the christian theology, on the one hand, were based on a solid philosophic tradition (predominantly platonic and neoplatonic), and on the other hand, did not complete a spread in a world philosophic thought of a definite (apophatic) tradition, which had an intimate connection with the paradigm of the "learned ignorance", postulating as it's main intention a seemingly paradoxical comprehension of the Absolute, supposed to be absolutely incomprehensible. The results of the scientific research in a field, thus defined, are presented briefly in this article
135 kb

MODEL OF THE NETWORK COMMUNITY IN THE POST-INDUSTRIAL AND INFORMATION CONCEPTS

abstract 1201606061 issue 120 pp. 903 – 913 30.06.2016 ru 706
The article studies the works of the theorists of postindustrial and information concepts of the society’s development. The author thoroughly examines the role of these paradigms in shaping perceptions of the modern socio-cultural space. He notes the high prognostic value of the studies for understanding the phenomenon of the Network society. The author draws attention to the fact that they cannot fully describe the current state of social space and do not have the required methodological diversity. It is noted that new ways of thinking and organizing objects of the virtual environment are required. According to the author, it is important to designate the information as one of the priority components of the transformation process in society. Technology and the Internet mediated communication creates a new type of social relations, switching attention to the creation of social communications as a play environment of interactions. Compression of the space-time continuum described in terms of information and global social space redirection, helps to comprehend the locality, mosaic and fragmentation of the occurring type of sociality. This phenomenon appears due to the involvement of individuals in the total communication system that turns out to be the cultural manipulation, affecting the needs and behavior in all spheres of life, as the information acquires the ability to program. Internet creates the illusion of fullness of socially demanded actions and expectations. The article shows that the interest in the phenomenon of image reality is increasingly growing among the social thinkers, who see it as the future state of the social space. The author draws attention to the fact that the development of the online world is defined by the main task of the modern human sciences, the solution of which is carried out by the ordering and value ranging the virtualization phenomena, by the optimization of methods of control over the interaction of real and virtual realities
104 kb

GENERAL AND SPECIAL IN MENTALITY OF CADETS

abstract 1251701006 issue 125 pp. 123 – 129 31.01.2017 ru 609
The article aims to reveal general and specific features in the mentality of students of different nations. The author comes to the conclusion that knowledge of mentality of students of different nationalities is a precondition for their successful learning in the multicultural environment of the military institution, the effective interaction with the faculty
134 kb

ERICH FROMM’S INTERPRETATION OF MASS MAN DESTRUCTIVENESS

abstract 1151601010 issue 115 pp. 162 – 172 27.01.2016 ru 603
This article reviews interpretative position of prominent German philosopher and psychologist Erich Fromm on mass men destructiveness analysis. As a rule, to reach a goal of well-balanced embedding into consumer society structure, mass man passes through stages of deindividualization and common averaging by accepting prescribed general postulates of society’s authorities. Nevertheless, own personality refusal and ‘rules of the game’ following adduct to moral degradation, which causes destructiveness phenomenon. Out of socio-political regimen, destructiveness appears in attempts of ‘freedom escape’ by any possible means. Totalitarian regimen ideologically steers mass men through total subjection to defined life track by agreement of individuality sacrifice. Democratically-minded consumer societies require deindividualization and partly rights pinching in exchange of status consumption system integration. Any patterns of counteraction to these system processes are commenced by personal activity manifestation and motivation in reaching own goals. However, conformist majority is meant to live according to ideologically defined society rules
157 kb

REALISM AND THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PRINCIPLE IN RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHY

abstract 1151601025 issue 115 pp. 391 – 404 27.01.2016 ru 603
The anthropologism is traditionally considered the main feature of Russian philosophy. The article reviews some anthropological ideas that have received natural development in such direction of thought as philosophical realism in the 2nd part of XIX century. Philosophical realism is positioned as a trend that has emerged within the mainstream of the basic traditions of Russian philosophy. It is noted that this direction is defined as an independent, in the wake of the strengthening of Russian science as a new cognitive paradigm. Substantively, philosophical realism is presented with the theories and concepts of the natural sciences developed in the 2nd part of XIX century. The realistic outlook, ripening in the Science environment, not only supported the anthropological tradition of Russian thought but put them on a scientific basis. It was dominated by the view that only by using scientific methods can reveal the objective laws of coexistence between man, nature and society. The article deals with the anthropological theories of Russian thinkers such as A.N. Radishchev, A.I. Galich, N.G. Chernyshevsky. The anaysis shows that realistic outlook in the natural sciences in the area of human theory relies on the principles of integrity, panmoralizm, cosmism. The conclusion is that the philosophical concepts by realistic scientists are out of attention of modern scholars. In the meantime, the study of these theories can make a significant contribution to the practical experience of comprehension of reality, as well as help to discover new sides of the domestic, national philosophy
455 kb

THE IDENTITY OF PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION AS THE SUPREME DESTINATION OF THEIR BECOMING

abstract 1151601035 issue 115 pp. 534 – 582 27.01.2016 ru 599
The article solves a problem of correlation of different forms of cognition such as philosophy and religion in the ontological process, which is refers as a dialectical unity of the becoming of being and thinking. The definition of the logical form of the individual stages of cognition appears possible only in case that they are the special forms of determination of the universal form of being, which for them is a universal content. The special definition of the universal form of being through certain forms of cognition is a logical necessity ontological process. Its subdividing into three stages is mediated by exact historical incarnation of three logical forms, which in the sphere of cognition correspond: art/myth; religion/science; philosophy. On the basis of the identity of the content of philosophy and religion, which is the universal form of being, it is argued that their identity is at the last stage of the becoming of culture is the result of realization of this form in the idea of concrete identity. Its concrete manifestation in all aspects of being and thinking completes itself an ontological process, turning it into the system, which is infinitely determined by the logical form. The idea of concrete identity, which is the ideal purpose and actual result of a becoming of being, leaving nothing in it abstract and indeterminate, fully expresses itself in ideal by the form, the universal notion. Since in the notion of the subject and object, thinking and being, the spirit and the nature they completely coincide, then the universal notion is a concrete manifestation of the universal subject – the absolute person, eternally united in all their attributes. The concept of the idea of concrete identity, arising not only in philosophy, but also in religion – in an image of the absolute person, by means of their associations at the highest stage of development, reaches the limit point of its definition
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