Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
153 kb

SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC PROBLEMS AND BASES OF PEOPLE SAVING IN RUSSIA

abstract 1091505011 issue 109 pp. 171 – 182 29.05.2015 ru 1237
The socioeconomic and foreign policy transformations happening in Russia have predetermined the emergence of many social problems demanding the immediate solve. Thus social and demographic problems are the most important. Introduction of the state social programs in many respects helped to solve a problem of low birth rate. Negotiation of the demographic situation which was followed by sharp decrease of birth rate demanded considerable efforts from the state, but, despite the reached results, the situation can repeat again. And it is notable now when children of "reorganization" reached reproductive age. Thus mortality of the population continues to grow, and its rates exceed birth rates now. Annual losses of the population reached 1,5-2 million per year. In this regard the central problem of modern social and economic policy of the state is introduction of the uniform program of a people saving directed on improvement of population quality of life, achievement of material, spiritual and physical welfare for the purpose of saving of that Russian population. Along with natural losses of the population there are so-called social, preventable demographic losses which could be avoided, by predicting the situation with the help of monitoring of population quality of life that could conduce conservation of life and the social status to millions of people
177 kb

STUDENT’S YOUTH OF KUBAN AS THE SOCIAL RESOURCE OF STATE PROGRAMS REALIZATION AIMED AT THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TERRITORIES

abstract 1091505018 issue 109 pp. 309 – 324 29.05.2015 ru 1015
The authors characterize the modern condition of Russian rural territories. The most important federal target programs of development of the agro-industrial complex (AIC) are mentioned. Special attention is paid to studying the student’s youth as the main social resource of rural territories development. Based on empirical date we present an analysis of economic and social situation, vital plans and strategies of rural youth of Kuban. We have also carried out the analysis of respondent’s views of the rural territories actual problems and the measures aimed at the development of AIC
201 kb

NEWBORNS ABANDONMENT: THE DYNAMICS OF THE PROBLEM AND ITS RELEVANCE IN MODERN RUSSIA

abstract 1111507043 issue 111 pp. 758 – 775 30.09.2015 ru 1226
The problem of newborns abandonment in modern Russia is relevant but understudied. This article discusses the nature and dynamics of the problem. Newborns abandonment is considered in the framework of social and demographic modernization. The problem of newborns abandonment is studied in the context of social orphanhood in Russia. The author focuses on the history of the problem of newborns abandonment, its features in pre-revolutionary Russia, the Soviet Union and modern Russia. For a deeper understanding of the problem the author held a series of expert interviews and highlighted the main factors that influenced newborns abandonment in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. The main challenges in the development of prevention in modern Russia are identified. The author concludes on the need to reform the system for preventing newborns abandonment as part of the ideology of the family-centered approach and constructing a unified federal structure. The paper uses qualitative methods: literature review, expert interviews. The article may be of interest to specialists in the field of social work, sociology, demography, politics, and economics
221 kb

INTEREST IN POLITICS AND PROTEST ACTIVITY OF YOUTH IN THE MIRROR OF EMPIRICAL STUDIES

abstract 1111507105 issue 111 pp. 1606 – 1617 30.09.2015 ru 1128
In the article, some results of empirical sociological research of problems of political socialization of youth are discussed. The answers of respondents to questions of interest in policy, the ethnic conflicts and protest activity are analyzed. The main reasons for extremist moods in the youth environment are established
358 kb

THE ANALYSIS OF POLITICAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND CIVIL ACTIVITY OF MODERN STUDENTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF REALIZATION OF ACTIONS OF THE STATE YOUTH POLICY

abstract 1121508135 issue 112 pp. 1857 – 1869 30.10.2015 ru 1410
The article is devoted to the vital problem of studying the contemporary condition of political consciousness level and citizen activism among students in Russia in the context of the events realization within the youth policy state programs. Main problems, which are being addressed by various federal target programs in this field (including inconformity of approaches to life, values and behavior models of youth with the country demands; lack of interest among youth in sociopolitical life of society, etc.), are introduced in the paper. Increased focus is put on analysis of youth as a main party of civil society formation and transformation processes. Based on the completed sociological survey among students of Kuban State Agrarian University, the level of awareness of respondents in the field of current international and national political processes and level of their influence on politics, author has identified attitude of the survey participants to political sphere, political leaders, actions of political power and socio-political organizations. Besides, the obtained survey results have allowed to analyze the degree of democratic principles implementation in Russia and its role in the modern world, as well as to identify the most urgent problems affecting Russian society in general and respondents in particular. On the basis of the survey data, the author makes a conclusion about immaturity of political consciousness and catastrophically low level of citizen activism among students which decelerates the process of civil society development
183 kb

MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT EFFICIENCY AS THE EXAMPLE OF DEPUTY ORDERS REALISATION (THE EXAMPLE OF THE MUNICIPAL CITY OF KRASNODAR)

abstract 1151601061 issue 115 pp. 981 – 998 27.01.2016 ru 1007
The article is devoted to the analysis of deputy orders realisation as a part of the social programme devoted to the improvement of the citizens’ welfare. The regularity of the programme results’ indication is analysed as well as the municipal management efficiency assessment is given. Questions of social and economic efficiency are raised
282 kb

MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY DURING THE LAST FORTYFIVE YEARS

abstract 1171603004 issue 117 pp. 93 – 121 31.03.2016 ru 834
Sociology is one of the most important social sciences. Mathematical and primarily statistical methods are effective intellectual tools of sociologists. Let us analyze the work of the author of this article on the development of statistical methods to meet the challenges of sociology. Then we give the review of development of statistical methods in Russian sociology for 45 years (1970-2015). The basic scientific events of these years, first of all, were formation of applied statistics and its basis - statistics of the non-numerical data (in sociology of 70-90% of variables have non-numerical nature). Over the last 30 years, the Russian sociology has been growing rapidly in all quantitative parameters. Clearly, the depth of investigation gives the use of advanced scientific apparatus - methodology and methods of data collection and analysis, mathematical models. In our view, a fundamental breakthrough was made in our country in the 1970s. It was then in the arsenal of Russian sociologists appeared measurement theory and fuzzy sets, mathematical methods of classification and multidimensional scaling, nonparametric statistics and statistics of non-numeric data. In subsequent decades it has been a natural development of scientific apparatus. The same mathematical and statistical methods and models can be successfully applied in various fields of science and practice. Statistical methods and models are very effective in sociological, socio-economic, managerial, technical and feasibility studies, medicine, history, in almost any industry and application areas of knowledge. Within this field, the main event of the last thirty five years - is becoming a scientific and practical discipline "Applied Statistics", dedicated to the development and application of statistical methods and models. An analysis of the dynamics of applied statistics leads to the conclusion that in the XXI century the statistics of non-numerical data is becoming a central area of applied statistics, as it contains the most common approaches and results
154 kb

HEROISM IN REPRESENTATION OF STUDENT’S YOUTH

abstract 1191605012 issue 119 pp. 192 – 202 31.05.2016 ru 429
This article analyzes the representations of modern youth of heroism as the basis of patriotic and civic education. Special attention is paid to consideration of the transformation of the concept of "heroism", reduce the social significance of the feat in the consciousness of modern Russian society. Value of creating an image of the hero as a way of formation a sense of patriotism and learning patterns of social activity necessary for the creation of a civil society is analyzed. On the basis of sociological research among students of higher education institutions of Krasnodar, the understanding of the essence of "heroism" and attitude to the heroic deeds is revealed. The connection of this social phenomenon with a set of personal lines and moral qualities of the person is established. The most favorable for commission of feats spheres and the personalities applying for a role of heroes for today's younger generation are defined. The authors draw a conclusion about the existence of student’s interest in the phenomenon of heroism and the passive need for the formation of a distinct image of the hero on a basis, both the celebrated historic figures, and contemporaries. In addition, discrepancy in a number of answers of students is noted, indicating the absence of a modern young people a clear idea of heroism and heroic acts, their importance in personal development. This, in turn, complicates and slows down the process of forming a high sense of patriotism and high civil activity
171 kb

PROBLEMS OF MODERNIZATION IN THE WORKS OF S. HUNTINGTON: THEORY AND PRACTICE

abstract 1201606049 issue 120 pp. 730 – 743 30.06.2016 ru 658
The article discusses the interpretation of the mechanisms of modernization of the American scientist - Samuel Huntington, which sees modernization as a complex process with a very uncertain result. As a representative of the multilinear approach, Samuel Huntington proves the uniqueness of the modernization paths of each individual national system
141 kb

INFLUENCE OF HOUSING POLICY ON SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC SAFETY OF THE COUNTRY

abstract 1211607106 issue 121 pp. 1721 – 1731 30.09.2016 ru 990
In the article, we consider transformation of domestic households. The reasons of emergence of antinuclearization of a family are described and negative influence of these households on demographic safety of the state is revealed. Researches of the Russian scientists regarding changing of family structure of the population of Russia are considered and analyzed. We have proved an impact of housing problems on development of structure of a family. The basic principles of a state policy providing the solution of housing questions are offered
.