Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Shcherbakov Nikolay Alekseevich

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Honorary rank

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All-Russian Research Institute of Biological Plant Protection
   

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Articles count: 4

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162 kb

CLONALE MICROPROPOGATION AND SANITATION OF PRUNUS DOMESTICA FROM THE PLUM POX POTYVIRUS (PPV)

abstract 1431809013 issue 143 pp. 31 – 40 30.11.2018 ru 96
In the article we present the analysis of the results of studies of russian, foreign scientists, as well as our own data, obtained in the clonal micro-multiplication and sanitation of the plum domestic from Sharkey's virus (PPV). The urgency of work is determined by the fact that the plum is the second on the significance culture in horticulture of the south of Russia. One of the most economically significant objects of virus etiology on the discharge of relative is considered to be Sharkey's virus of plum (Plum pox potyvirus). In the Krasnodar region and in the Russian Federation for the first time, Sharkey's virus of plum was discovered in the end of the 1980th, after which it widely extended into other regions of the country. In the complex of the methods of sanitation from Sharkey's virus of plum we successfully use thermo- and chemotherapy in combination with the method of apical meristem. The mechanism of the formation of virus-free meristem consists of the delay of the process of the replication of virus particles from the rapid, anticipating increase in the rudimentary cloths and organs, especially, if plant undergoes by thermo- or chemotherapy. As virucide there are used the preparations neo -DHt (85 mG/l), and also salycilic acid in the concentration of 3kh10-4 M with the simultaneous magnetic-pulse working of mericlons. As the most suitable nutrient medium for the micro-multiplication of plum we considered Murasige- Skoog medium, on basis of which we have prepared different modifications. As the growth factors, which increase the effectiveness of multiplication, we used 6-BAP in the concentration 0,5-1 mG/l (in the stage of introduction into the culture and the stage of animated cartoon). For the improvement in the quality of the micro-shoots of plum, additionally to the growth factors, one should apply succinic acid, succinates of potassium and sodium in the concentration 4 mG/l. Obtained in the course of clonal micro-multiplication and adapted mericlons will be tested to the virus carrying ability and will be approved according to the quality signs. The ovaries of initial plants are embedded by healthy quality seedlings
154 kb

HYBRID ANALYSIS OF VARIABILITY OF RECOMBINATION FREQUENCY (RF) IN THE POPULATION OF F2 TOMATO HYBRIDS

abstract 0991405032 issue 99 pp. 495 – 507 30.05.2014 ru 817
The analysis of the variability dynamics of recombination frequency in the population of splitting F2 interspecific and intraspecific tomato hybrids has been carries out. It was discovered that recombination frequency depends on the components of cross breeding. It has been established that it is reasonable to use mutant forms of Мо 393, Мо 628 and interspecific hybrid F1 Мо 628 × L. esculentum var. racemigerum in selection process as an inductor of genotypic variability
296 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF AGROTECHNOLOGICAL METHODS IN A FRUIT TREE NURSERY

abstract 1351801019 issue 135 pp. 180 – 187 31.01.2018 ru 36
Agro-technological operations, achieved in the specialized fruit tree nurseries are directed toward the optimization of the seedlings cultivation conditions. The agro-chemicals application is one of the most important technological questions in production system. The method of the complex use of physiologically active materials with the nourishing salts is directed, in the first place, toward the development of the healthy, actively functioning assimilation apparatus of the perennial plant, whose task – the balanced increase and the formation of reproductive organs already in the early stages of ontogenesis. In the article the results of work on introduction into the flow chart of the production of the apple tree landing material of bio stimulants and fertilizers of the directional effect are represented. Positive effect from the introduction into the diagram of nourishing salts of stamp N20P8K8+1,5Mg+9S in different combinations with the preparations: «lignogumat» of sodium, «lignogumat» of potassium, by ethane-1,2-dicarboxylic acid, by the natural stimulator of an increase «Silk» it was reflected in the level of the plants security of with mineral elements, it contributed to an increase on 5,7-10,2 % the diameter of trunk; the height of seedlings exceeded index in the control on 4,9-6,2 %
11527 kb

INHERITANCE OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS FROM INTERSPECIFIC TOMATO F1 HYBRIDS

abstract 0651101010 issue 65 pp. 114 – 124 31.01.2011 ru 902
The detailed morphological description of interspecific tomato F1 hybrids is represented in the article. The positive heterosis in regard to sire component was noticed in accordance with the following characteristics: fruit size, leaf size and stem length. It was established that the inclusion of tomato of Lycopersicon cheesmanii typicus genus into selection enables the obtaining of new species at the expense of increasing the range of genetic variability
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