Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Sections

Physical Sciences and Engineering
369 articles
13628 kb

INTELLIGENT BINDING OF INCORRECT REFERENCES TO LITERATURE IN BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATABASES WITH THE USE OF ASC-ANALYSIS AND THE SYSTEM OF "EIDOS" (ON THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC CITATION INDEX – RSCI)

abstract 1251701001 issue 125 pp. 1 – 65 31.01.2017 ru 8
Adequate and effective assessment of the efficiency, effectiveness and quality of scientific activities of specific scientists and research teams is crucial for the information society and society based on knowledge. The solution to this problem is the subject of scientometrics and its purpose. The current stage of development scientometrics differs greatly from its previous appearance in the open as well as paid on-line access to huge amount of detailed data on a large number of indicators on individual authors and on scientific organizations and universities. In the world, there are well-known bibliographic databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Astrophysics Data System, PubMed, MathSciNet, zbMATH, Chemical Abstracts, Springer, Agris, or GeoRef. In Russia, it is primarily the Russian scientific citing index (RSCI). RSCI is a national information-analytical system, accumulating more than 9 million publications of Russian scientists, as well as information about citation of these publications from more than 6,000 Russian journals. There is a lot of data, so-called "Big data". The main primary scientometric indicator (based on which we build all the rest, such as the h-index) is the number of citations of the author's works, placed in the bibliographic database. This number of citations is determined by the software of RSCI using so-called "binding" which is a grammatical analysis and search in databases for works of the author, for relevant links from references in the works of various authors. However, the problem is, as experience shows, that authors make a very large number of simply incorrect and incomplete references in the reference lists, very far from standard. Currently, the software that RSCI uses does not automatically bind these invalid references, and this requires human intervention. But, centrally, to do this is not possible by experts of RSCI because of the huge amount of work, and distributed work for a large number of specialists in the field still requires a centralized moderation. As a result, the work for binding references to the literary sources is very slow and a huge amount of links is unbound. This leads to an underestimation of nanomatrices indicators of both individual authors and research teams that cannot be considered acceptable. The solution to this problem is offered by applying the automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its programmatic Toolkit – intellectual system called "Eidos". This work provides a numerical example of the intellectual anchor of the real incorrect references to the works of the author on the basis of a small amount of real scientific data that are publicly available free on-line access to the RSCI
284 kb

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF ION TRANSPORT THROUGH MEMBRANES IN THE CONDITION OF PREVIOUS SLOW HOMOGENEOUS CHEMICAL REACTION. MATHEMATICAL PROBLEM

abstract 1251701003 issue 125 pp. 85 – 101 31.01.2017 ru 8
In the article we build a mathematical model of elec-tro-diffusion of ions in the diffusion layer of a mem-brane system complicated by the occurrence of the previous slow homogeneous chemical reaction with the condition of electrical neutrality of the solution. We have set a two-point boundary value problem and developed a method to solve it; we have given an algorithm and a numerical method for solving it in Comsol 3.5 environment. The formula for limiting kinetic current was derived. Some of the model’s capabilities to describe the properties of the system are given
481 kb

SIMULATION OF HEXAGONAL TURBULENT FLOW IN THE NORTH POLAR REGION OF SATURN

abstract 1251701050 issue 125 pp. 738 – 759 31.01.2017 ru 7
As we know, currently, around the north pole of Saturn there is a large-scale hexagonal flow, with characteristic scales of length and speed - 120 m / s and 14,500 km respectively. This trend observed for more than 35 years, is the subject of many experimental and theoretical studies. In this study, we propose a model and discuss the numerical solutions of the equations describing turbulent flow in the planetary boundary layer around the north pole of Saturn. It has been shown that a small violation of the axial symmetry in geostrophic shear leads to the development of hexagonal patterns in a turbulent boundary layer. In addition, under the influence of Coriolis forces and turbulent eddy viscosity gradient in a turbulent boundary layer formed jet pressed to the bottom edge of the layer. These results are used to simulate the observed hexagonal flow around the north pole of Saturn. It is assumed that the small amplitude geostrophic flow is described by a sum of zero and the sixth current harmonic functions, which leads to the excitation current at the upper boundary of the planetary boundary layer. It is found that such excitation enhanced in the boundary layer and reaches a maximum in the jet pressed to the bottom border. This jet, circulating on the hexagon coincides with the region of origin of the cloud cover, which is registered in the experiments. This excitation mechanism hexagonal flow around the north pole of Saturn is confirmed by numerical calculations of three-dimensional non-stationary planetary boundary layer
Physical Sciences and Engineering
45 articles
498 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR FIXING PERFTORSULFOPOLIMER MF-4SK ON A HETEROGENEOUS MEMBRANE-SUBSTRATE

abstract 1251701015 issue 125 pp. 223 – 234 31.01.2017 ru 8
The article illustrates the results of the research dedicated to finding a method of combining two polymeric materials - ion-exchange membranes having different chemical nature. It shows a method of applying a homogenous film MF 4SK on the surface of the heterogeneous membrane substrate to produce a chemically and mechanically stable asymmetric bipolar membrane. We have selected membrane substrate ensuring the best electrochemical performance
220 kb

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY OF IONEXCHANGE MEMBRANES IN SOLUTIONS CONTAINING CARBOXYLIC ACIDS

abstract 1241610032 issue 124 pp. 549 – 562 30.12.2016 ru 39
The article presents the experimental results of the study of the concentration dependence of the electrical conductivity of heterogeneous ion-exchange membranes that are in contact with solutions of weak electrolytes - carboxylic acids. It is shown that in this case the membrane conductivity is higher than the conductivity of the solution, wherein the conductivity of cation exchange membranes substantially greater (by an order of magnitude) than the conductivity of anion exchange membranes. This fact must be considered when designing the actual electrodialysis processes of processing solutions containing organic ions. The work identified the need to develop modern ideas about transport and the structural organization of ion-exchange materials, to describe the structure of the ion-exchange membranes that are in contact with weak electrolytes solutions
258 kb

PERSPECTIVE MODIFIERS FOR ANIONEXCHANGE MEMBRANES BASED ON POLYMERS WITH QUATERNARY NITROGEN ATOMS, WHICH INCLUDED IN FIVE- AND SIX-MEMBERED HETEROCYCLIC RINGS

abstract 1231609085 issue 123 pp. 1256 – 1267 30.11.2016 ru 70
The present work describes the chemical synthesis of poly-N,N-diallyl pyrrolidinium bromide and polyN,N-diallyl morpholinium bromide - high-molecular compounds containing quaternary nitrogen atoms, which included in two five- and/or six-membered heterocyclic rings. These polymers are perspective modifiers for industrially produced anion-exchange membranes, the use of which should significantly improve the resistance to degradation of the membranes at over-limiting current regimes. The structure of obtained polymers was characterized by FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The optimal reaction conditions, which increase the yield of desired products, were defined. It is shown that is preferable to use 1-butanol as a solvent and benzoyl peroxide as an initiator
Life Sciences
478 articles
207 kb

APPROBATION OF SSR-ANALYSIS FOR DNA-IDENTIFICATION OF COMMERCIAL WINE YEAST STRAINS

abstract 1251701009 issue 125 pp. 151 – 163 31.01.2017 ru 10
The study was performed to genotype some commercial wine yeast strains with SSR-markers. Five polymorphic SSR-markers were tested in a selection of 15 yeast strains. Tested SSR-markers showed a high level of informativeness as well as polymorphism and can be used further to analyze the genetic diversity of wine yeast
2071 kb

MONITORING OF RARE PLANT’S SPECIES POPULATIONS IN THE TERRITORY OF NATURE MONUMENT CALLED «НERB-FESCUE-FEATHER GRASS STEPPE» (ROSTOV REGION)

abstract 1251701018 issue 125 pp. 258 – 273 31.01.2017 ru 7
In the article we have stated results of the monitoring of local populations of rare plans species in the territory of the nature monument (NM) of the Rostov region «Raznotravno-tipchakovo-kovylnaya steppe» (Zernogradsky district). Vegetation of NM belongs to the poor version of the Azov steppe, flora contains 291 species, including 13 rare species (Astragalus ponticus Pall., Bellevalia sarmatica (Pall. ex Georgi) Woronow, Calophaca wolgarica (L. f.) DC., Caragana scythica (Kom.) Pojark., Centaurea talievii Kleop., Crambe pinnatifida R. Br., C. tataria Sebeok, Crocus reticulatus Stev. ex Adam, Eriosуnaphe longifolia (Fisch. ex Spreng.) DC., Iris pumila L., Stipa pulcherrima К. Koch, S. ucrainica P. Smirn., Tulipa schrenkii Regel), included in the Red List of the Rostov region, including 6 species included in the Red List of the Russian Federation. In 2016 were specified the patterns of rare species distribution in NM borders, and also other important parameters of their populations (number, density, age structure, etc.). The group of rare plants species, included in the Red List of the Rostov region, in the territory of NM includes 65 % of their total number known in Zernogradsky district. The special sozological value of NM is determined by the large local populations of Calophaca wolgarica, Astragalus ponticus and Crambe pinnatifida. Local populations of all rare species in the territory of NM can be considered to be steady as inhabit here during last 50 years
219 kb

REGULATION OF THE CROP AND QUALITY OF GRAPES OF GRADE RIESLING BY USING VARIOUS TECHNOLOGICAL SCHEMES OF NUTRIVANT PLUS NON-ROOT FERTILIZING

abstract 1251701044 issue 125 pp. 658 – 679 31.01.2017 ru 7
Researches on non-root additional fertilizing of grapes with complex water-soluble fertilizer called Nutrivant plus have been conducted in corporation "Pobeda" in Temrjuksky area of Krasnodar territory on the implanted plantings of technical grade Rhine Riesling. In the test, the following kinds of Nutrivant plus were used: oleiferous (N0P20K33), sugar beet (N0P36K24), grapes (N0P40K25), universal (N19P19K19), grain (N6P23K35). Each mark of Nutrivant plus contained a certain set of microelements. The test consisted of six variants:1 variant - without additional fertilizing(control); 2 variant: grapes - before flowering, grapes - a growth phase of berries (a berry about a pea), oleiferous - the beginning of maturing of berries; 3 variant: universal - before flowering, universal - a growth phase of berries (a berry about a pea), oleiferous- the beginning of maturing of berries; 4 variant: grain - before flowering, grain - a growth phase of berries (a berry about a pea), oleiferous- the beginning of maturing of berries; 5 variant: Sugar beet - before flowering, a sugar beet - a growth phase of berries (a berry about a pea), a sugar beet - the beginning of maturing of berries; 6 variant: universal - before flowering, grain - a growth phase of berries (a berry about a pea), grapes - the beginning of maturing of berries. Norm of the expense of fertilizer is 3 kg/hectares. The expense of a working liquid - 700 l/hectares. The result was, that in the third, fourth and fifth variant of the test the increase in a crop from a bush happened accordingly on 7,5, 13,8 and 17,8 %. The maximum increase of a crop in the fifth variant was accompanied by increase in mass concentration of sugars in juice of berries on 0,6 g/100 см3и decrease titratable acidities for 0,6/dm3 As a result triple not root additional fertilizing of grapes plants grade Riesling with Nutrivant plus (universal - before flowering, grain - in a growth phase of berries and grape - in the beginning of maturing of berries) promoted more optimization of a water mode of leaves, increase in weight of a cluster, a crop from a bush and productivity, mass concentration of sugars and phenolic substances in juice of berries
Physical Sciences and Engineering
19 articles
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 176
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 1045
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
306 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE NaCI

abstract 1081504070 issue 108 pp. 962 – 973 30.04.2015 ru 1215
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore NaCI
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1529 articles
161 kb

CONTROL OF NON-METALS, AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS AND MINERALS IN GROUNDWATER OIL REFINERY IN TUAPSE

abstract 1251701005 issue 125 pp. 112 – 122 31.01.2017 ru 6
Groundwater is the source of drinking water in rural areas, it is a part of urban water and it is formed due to the filtering of cross waters in a stratified medium permeable rocks. The impact of anthropogenic factors leads to changes in the qualitative composition of groundwater. The article presents the results of industrial environmental monitoring of ground water refinery of Tuapse in the period from 2012 to 2016 according to its content of ammonium-nitrogen, nitrate-ions, sulphates, formaldehyde, toluene, xylene and ethylbenzene. Analysis of groundwater sampled from wells located at the site of the refinery was conducted by a factory-certified laboratory. The content of the components meet the regulatory indicators. We examine the effects of industrial toxicants on the human body
259 kb

PREPARATION OF LUMPY VEGETABLE WASTE IN PRODUCTION OF MODIFIED BUILDING MATERIAL

abstract 1251701008 issue 125 pp. 141 – 150 31.01.2017 ru 9
Rational and efficient use of natural resources is an important element of sustainable development. Waste is a significant loss of material and energy resources. Recycling and disposal of waste can be a cause of pollution, harmful substances and infections on people. Index of waste production is closely linked to the level of economic activity in the country and sums up the structures of production and consumption that are formed in the society. Reduction of capacity size of waste production is a measure of promotion of the economy sector to less material-intensive structures of production and consumption. Phytogenic wastes are mostly formed in the timber industry, and also are pollutant source of environment. Continuing production and accumulation of waste is a serious environmental problem. The main reason for these circumstances involves insufficiency of power in added-value wood processing, that increase the problem of integrated utilization of low-grade wood, small wood and demolition wood. As a result, the main competitive products in the timber complex of the Krasnoyarsk Territory are industrial wood and roundwood. Solution to these topical issues of optimum use of the resulting waste in the Krasnoyarsk Territory needs to be solved with the help of mathematical modeling of process optimization of recycling lumpy plant waste. Rational use of lump plant waste is one of the most serious and, unfortunately, unresolved problem
188 kb

MATHEMATICAL MODELING IN TECHNOLOGY AND QUALITY EVALUATION OF FOOD PRODUCTS

abstract 1251701010 issue 125 pp. 164 – 179 31.01.2017 ru 8
The analysis of scientific research in the field of food technologies has shown that mathematical modeling is applied in the following directions: adjustment of the modes of technological processes, development of compounding and quality evaluation of ready-made products, and also prediction of shelf life of new products during launching. Models of variance and regression analysis with application of methods of mathematical planning of experiment are most relevant in describing the processes of food production. The article contains the results of our own research about creating composition of fish preserves made of combined minced of fishes, bad-ripening and ripening in salting. The mathematical models of the dependence of organoleptic, structural-mechanical characteristics and characteristics of ripening of preserves on technological factors are presented. The dimensionless generalized index of quality was modeled and the composition of minced was optimized on the basis of its dynamics. It was established, that preserves which contain 42% herring Atlantic and 4,8% salt, have the best organoleptic, structural-mechanical and ripening characteristics. The regression model was developed, which determines the shelf life of wide range of fish preserves, depending on factors affecting it: storage temperature, acidity of the fill, proteolytic activity of the enzyme system of muscle tissue and also the speed of fish ripening, caused by addition of various functional and technological additives. Testing of the model shown, that calculated data of the shelf life of fish preserves correlate with the data obtained experimentally
Life Sciences
963 articles
139 kb

CAYENNE, NEW HERBICIDE FOR FIGHTING WEEDS IN CROPS OF WINTER WHEAT

abstract 1251701004 issue 125 pp. 102 – 111 31.01.2017 ru 7
One of the most destabilizing factors of crop production is weed infestation of crops. Despite annual herbicide treatment, weed infestation of crops of winter wheat remains high, with a predominance of annual dicotyledonous weed with a higher proportion of drug resistant on the basis of 2,4-D. We also notice increased range and density of perennial dicotyledonous weeds. New combinational herbicide called Cayenne, manufactured by LLC "Agro Expert group", which in its composition contains two active substances: thifensulfuron-methyl (500 g/l) and florasulam (170 g/l), highly inhibits both annual and perennial dicotyledonous weeds. According to the working program of the registrant's company we have tested Cayenne on crops of winter wheat in spring in the tillering phase and the formation of the second internode. It is shown that its use in doses of 0.025 and 0.035 kg/ha in mixture with 200 ml/ha of surfactant-Bit 90, W provides effective suppression of annual and perennial dicotyledonous weeds (90 – 100 %). The negative effect on the culture was not observed. At the same time, within 2-3 days after herbicide application we observed cessation of growth, chlorosis, dieback of growing points of weeds. Complete death was observed after 15 – 20 days
161 kb

SHAPE AND DIMENSIONS OF PLANTING SEEDS AS A FACTOR IN THE FORMATION OF THE YIELD OF CALENDULA MEDICINAL PLANT IN THE FOOTHILLS ZONE OF GORNY ALTAI

abstract 1251701020 issue 125 pp. 285 – 295 31.01.2017 ru 6
The effect of seeds shapes and sizes to field survival, plant stand, harvesting amount and structure of calendula crude drug were under investigation. Biological feature of calendula is heterogeneous seeds formation, when the same inflorescence forms seeds of various shapes and sizes. The following seeds fractions according to their shapes and sizes were used for sowing: uncinate shaped, crescent shaped as well as unseparated, including, except uncinate and crescent seeds, ring-form and scaphoid shaped seeds. It was discovered that maximum indices of laboratory, field survival of calendula seeds and plant stand were in conjunction with uncinate shaped seeds. Maximum crude drug harvest was in conjunction with the sowing seeds of uncinate shape, varied from years from 2.11 to 2.40 t/h; minimum- at unseparated seeds sowing, varied from years from 1.83 to 2.05 t/h. Crude drug extreme efficiency was determined in 1-3 gatherings by inflorescence weight gain and its quantity increase on the same plant. According to the size of elements of crude drug harvesting structure (inflorescence quantity and mass of the same plant, the same inflorescence mass) the variant of uncinate shaped seeds sowing had advantages
171 kb

MIGRATION FEATURES OF HEAVY METALS FROM WATER SOLUBLE SOIL COMBINATIONS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF A SQUASH FRUIT

abstract 1251701021 issue 125 pp. 296 – 308 31.01.2017 ru 7
The accumulation of heavy metals was studied in different component parts of a White squash (skin and flesh, flesh, seed skin, seed kernel, peduncle). It is known that the basic source of feed for agricultural crops are mobile water soluble organic and mineral soil combinations which are polluted by heavy metals in different degrees. In the process of their migration they are able to accumulate in different parts of plants or to disperse. The mechanism of quantitative estimation of migration of heavy metals in direction of removal of mobile water soluble soil combinations to various parts of a White squash is developed by the author. The ranks of mobility of heavy metals are made from the most mobile manganese to the most indifferent iron. The model of estimation of mobility of the rest spectrum of heavy metals is chosen, namely: lead, cadmium, zinc, copper, nickel, cobalt in relation to manganese and iron. Basing on the position of a separate element in a mobile rank and its concentration it is possible to define the source of entering to a squash fruit. It may be water soluble soil combinations, irrigation water and atmospheric aerosols
Social Sciences and Humanities
100 articles
156 kb

FEATURES OF MILITARY SERVICE IN WESTERN SIBERIA DURING 1865-1906

abstract 1251701048 issue 125 pp. 712 – 723 31.01.2017 ru 7
In spite of the fact that the name of the district during its existence was changed (Western-Siberian, Omsk, Siberian), the authors accepted the name “the Siberian military district” for the benefit of the material representation. Chronological frameworks of the article cover the period from 1865 (the date of the creation of the Western-Siberian military district) to 1906 when the Siberian military district has been divided up into Omsk and Irkutsk districts. The article considers some features of active service in military units and institutions of the Siberian military district during 1865-1906, in view of condition diversity in Western Siberia. They are the features of the regional climate, the features of the officer personnel formation in the district, the features of its class structure (which is a source of replacement of the organized units’ staff, district subunits and a mobilization resource in case of the war beginning) and some organization issues of the military’s everyday life in Western Siberia. The authors pay a special attention to the problems of character training, the organization of the service arm and the troop training in the Siberian military district. They also underline a low level of literacy among the district population and the staff of the district divisions and units. The main idea of the article is that the government has paid little attention to the military component of Western Siberia development from the earliest times up to now
122 kb

THEY WERE THE FIRST: THE DIRECTORS OF THE CHECHEN-INGUSH STATE PEDAGOGICAL/ TEACHER TRAINING INSTITUTE IN THE 1938-1951 YEARS

abstract 1251701053 issue 125 pp. 790 – 799 31.01.2017 ru 7
The article attempted to characterize the contribution of the first Directors of the Chechen- Ingush state pedagogical/teaching Institute - F. E. Bykova and A. P. Efleeva in the formation of higher pedagogical school in Checheno-Ingushetia in 1938-1951
135 kb

THE POLITICAL CRISIS IN THE KALMYK KHANATE AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 18TH CENTURY

abstract 1241610005 issue 124 pp. 147 – 156 30.12.2016 ru 33
The article deals with a political crisis in the Kalmyk khanate and the departure of the part of the Volga Kalmyks from South Russia to the borders of the Jungar khanate at the beginning of the XVIII century. The dramatic events of 1701–1702 which were caused by a race for power in a khanʼs family or by an attempt of «palace revolution» are considered in chronological sequence. This conflict was used by the representatives of the Kalmyk ruling elite who were dissatisfied with the khan Ayukaʼs policy and interested in the change of the political power. But the support of the tsarist government given to the Kalmyk khan ruined the plans of the conspirators and some part of them embracing 15 thousand of nomad tents moved on to the territory of Jungaria. This event which cardinally influenced on the alignment of forces in the Oirat society considerably weakened the Kalmyk khanate and correspondingly increased the population size in the Jungar khanate
Social Sciences and Humanities
1514 articles
99 kb

ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF COMPETITIVENESS FOR ENTERPRISES OF FOOD INDUSTRY

abstract 1251701011 issue 125 pp. 180 – 185 31.01.2017 ru 8
The article proposes a method of estimating grade rating of competitiveness of the food industry
176 kb

EFFICIENCY OF STATE SUPPORT FOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

abstract 1251701014 issue 125 pp. 210 – 222 31.01.2017 ru 8
The agricultural industry is subsidized sector of economy, besides a certainty is that agrarian production in the Russian conditions can't be conducted without considerable support from the state. Today the agricultural industry is the most important element of the market and the animator of development of economy. With respect there to upgrade of state policy in agro-industrial complex, considering the basic principles of development of an industry is necessary. In article indicators of increase in efficiency of use of means of the state support of producers of an agricultural industry of Russia are considered. Effective rendering the state support of an agrarian industry allows implementing established by the doctrine of food security, the state strategy, creations of rural infrastructure, recovery of agricultural mechanical engineering and streamlining of a land ownership. It should be noted that results of the given state support of agricultural industry of Russia in the main directions of an industry: plant growing, livestock production, poultry farming has the heterogeneous level of efficiency which is reflected indicators of achievement of level of self-reliance main products of food and achievement of the level established by the doctrine of food security of the country. A necessary condition of creation of dynamically developing and competitive industry in the world and domestic markets is a fixed growth in volumes of the state support, upgrade old and development of new programs of support of the village and agricultural producers
227 kb

ASSESSMENT OF EFFICIENCY OF MARKET-ING ACTIVITY IN THE EDUCATIONAL OR-GANIZATION OF THE AGRARIAN PROFILE

abstract 1251701017 issue 125 pp. 247 – 257 31.01.2017 ru 7
Under conditions of high competition, marketing of educational services is seen as a management tool for the establishment of additional professional education and improve its competitiveness. In this regard, a quantitative characteristic of a state and dynamics of key parameters of establishment of additional professional education based on monitoring of efficiency of marketing activity has become urgent. We have considered existing methodical approaches to evaluating marketing effectiveness of educational institutions. The two-component technique of assessment of efficiency of marketing in institutions of additional professional education of an agrarian profile including the complex diagnostic analysis on key blocks and their significant characteristics and assessment on the basis of the adapted technique of definition of stability of development of social and economic system, considering specifics of activity of institutions of additional professional education of an agrarian profile is developed. The author's system of indicative indicators in the main directions allowing realizing the general principles of marketing in system of agrarian educational institutions is offered. We present results of assessment of stability of development of educational institution present on the example of institute for personnel refresher training of agro-industrial complex (Zernograd, Rostov region)
Social Sciences and Humanities
93 articles
104 kb

GENERAL AND SPECIAL IN MENTALITY OF CADETS

abstract 1251701006 issue 125 pp. 123 – 129 31.01.2017 ru 8
The article aims to reveal general and specific features in the mentality of students of different nations. The author comes to the conclusion that knowledge of mentality of students of different nationalities is a precondition for their successful learning in the multicultural environment of the military institution, the effective interaction with the faculty
179 kb

PEDAGOGICAL AXIOLOGY IN THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE CHUVASH REPUBLIC

abstract 1241610015 issue 124 pp. 298 – 313 30.12.2016 ru 35
The article considers theoretical and methodological bases of pedagogical axiology in the educational environment of the Chuvash Republic. Three stages of its formation are briefly indicated. Current challenges in relation to universities are discussed from different points of view. Conceptions of philosophy of education as a theoretical and methodological framework of the cognitive algorithm for foundation and explanation of the essential features of the holistic person are clarified. Propositions of pedagogical axiology in the field of higher education are identified and defined. Characteristics of elite education are considered. It is stated that social and cultural potential formed in the University space of the region is the basis for predicting the social development taking into account appropriate understanding of the personality and his/her culture. It is shown that evaluation of the evolution of education is possible together with analysis of the discipline of philosophy in education. Examples of the practical implementation of pedagogical axiology elements in the educational space of the Chuvash Republic are given and systematized
154 kb

THE PROBLEM OF THE GENERAL THEORETICAL BASES OF THE MODERN SCIENCE

abstract 1231609006 issue 123 pp. 102 – 112 30.11.2016 ru 74
This article discusses the problem of constructing a General scientific theory. This examines the theoretical foundations of science and scientific criteria; the study considers the current situation in science in the context of the problem of constructing a General scientific theory
Social Sciences and Humanities
205 articles
131 kb

LEGISLATIVE DEFINITIONS IN LAW DISCOURSE-TEXT UNIVERSE

abstract 1251701019 issue 125 pp. 274 – 284 31.01.2017 ru 9
The article is devoted to the analysis of law definitions and its influence on law discourse-text universe. Linguistics can interfere into jurisprudence by introduction of mini-dictionary into the text of the law. Law is a mixture of legal norms and regulations plus philological pearl – thesaurus. It is not only reasonable but necessary to adopt definition to the body of law, because the meaning of the term can vary depending on goals and aims of the law. The legislation of the Krasnodar territory is analyzed in the article in the philological aspect. The choice of examined laws is proved not only because of the agrarian component of the region but also because of the presence of powerful base of tourist-recreational services. In the article there is regional evidential material. The exact actual laws are depicted, philological assessment of their language and legislative importance is given, it is mentioned that conceptual instrument is present in main normative acts. The problem of methodological basis is actualized. In the research the contrastive analysis of similar laws of the Krasnodar territory, Great Britain and southern states of the USA in discourse-text universe is conducted. The conclusions can determine the processes of language interference in today’s changeable picture of the world
160 kb

STRUCTURAL AND SEMANTIC FEATURES OF DEMONOLOGICAL VOCABULARY IN THE TEXTS OF FANTASTIC NOVELS

abstract 1251701037 issue 125 pp. 524 – 538 31.01.2017 ru 7
The article examines the structural and semantic specificity of demonological vocabulary on the material of fantastic novels in Russian, English and Spanish linguocultures. We have analyzed different classifications of scientists devoted their work to the systematization of demonological lexis together with the complex approach of its study such as systemic-functional, functional-pragmatic, onomasiological, cognitive, psycolinguistic, ethnolinguistic methods. The given classifications are mostly based on motivation and reflect onomasiological approach of demonological lexis. The great attention is given to “objective” and “subjective” methods of nominating. It is shown the definition of “demonology” from scientific points of view – philosophic, folkloristic, literal. We have also given the definition of “demonologeme” and the term of “demonological lexis”. We give classification of monolexems, doublelexems, word complexes and derivatives nominating characters of demonic sphere, and we also set stylistic authoring features of a literary text
181 kb

IDEA OF THE TERM “SECURITY ARCHITECTURE“ IN THE ASPECT OF THE CONCEPT “CONSTRUCTION” IN RUSSIAN, GERMAN AND ENGLISH LINGUISTIC CULTURES

abstract 1251701057 issue 125 pp. 840 – 855 31.01.2017 ru 7
The article discusses the specific character of the representation of the notion “Security Architecture” presenting the concept “Construction” in Russian, German and English linguistic fields. The peculiarities of the cultural and historical development, fundamental divergences of the political systems, levels of economic and social progress, different world -view and world interpretation of Russia, Germany, Great Britain and the USA resulted in causes of the polar appreciation of the notion “Security Architecture” from the point of view of national and international interests. The increasing tendencies of the global changes in the world politics and political line of these countries are reflected in lexical language figures and in social journalism realized in the political discourse. The undertaken trends of the lexical-semantic and comparative analysis of present lexical units and certain texts of Russian, German and Anglo-American printed mass media and research papers have revealed the different comprehension of the notion “Security Architecture” in the national linguistic cultures. It made possible to draw a conclusion on polar connotation of the notion in Russian, German and English conditioned by the specified tendencies in political, ideological and economic fields. To the opinion of the author the notion “Security Architecture” presented by the concept “Construction” because of its actualization may claim to be universal and therefore be related to the constants of culture. In this regard, the analysis of the notion “Security Architecture” as a part of the present concept is of a substantial interest. Due to results of the present research, the author resumes the peculiarities of explication of cognitive signs and the reasons influencing the transformation of the notion in Russian, German and English linguistic cultures
Social Sciences and Humanities
18 articles
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 33
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
166 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1241610094 issue 124 pp. 1428 – 1438 30.12.2016 ru 38
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and Russia, such as charter programs to Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
292 kb

ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF WARM WATER DISCHANGE OF GUSINOOZERSKAYA GRES ON THE ICE REGIME OF GUSINOE LAKE (IN THE WESTERN TRANSBAIKALIA)

abstract 1161602022 issue 116 pp. 298 – 305 29.02.2016 ru 545
The article is devoted to the assessment adverse effects of Gusinoozerskaya GRES on the ecosystem of Lake Gusinoe. It shows the dynamics of the ice regime of Lakes Gusinoe near Gusinoozerskaya GRES. Is noted that industrial pollution reduces the quality of the water in the lake
Social Sciences and Humanities
328 articles
141 kb

PREPARATION OF A PROSECUTOR TO THE REALIZATION OF FUNCTIONS OF ESTABLISHMENT OF OBJECTIVE TRUTH IN A CRIMINAL CASE

abstract 1251701027 issue 125 pp. 397 – 407 31.01.2017 ru 9
At present time, the authors consider the urgent problem on preparation of a prosecutor to the realization of criminal-procedural function of establishment of objective truth in a criminal case for law enforcement practice. The conclusion on realization of the present function by a prosecutor is substantiated on the basis of directives of a general prosecutor of the RF, a prosecutor of Krasnodar region, the conducted poll of present employers of bodies of a public prosecutor's office of the RF, opinions of scientists in the sphere of process, authors’ own arguments and practical recommendations on preparation of its execution are given. The complex analysis of criminal-process authorities of a prosecutor allowing it to achieve the effective establishment of objective truth in a criminal case is carried out
139 kb

CIRCUMSTANCES AFFECTING THE TIMING AND QUALITY CONSIDERATION OF CRIMINAL CASES IN THE COURTS OF APPEAL

abstract 1251701045 issue 125 pp. 680 – 688 31.01.2017 ru 8
In the present article the analysis of essence of system of the appeal, check and revision of judgments is carried out; the state is defined the condition of this system and its functioning on the basis of current trends of development of the acting criminal procedure legislation, practice of its application is defined; the circumstances and collisions influencing terms and quality of consideration of criminal cases in courts of appeal instance come to light and also recommendations and suggestions for improvement of work of the courts of the court of appeal are formulated
110 kb

ABOUT FORMATION OF THE SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION OF CRIMES AGAINST FAMILY AND MINORS

abstract 1251701052 issue 125 pp. 782 – 789 31.01.2017 ru 9
The article describes the main theoretical principles of the concept and content of the investigation of crimes against family and minors. The factors defining character of an investigative situation of an initial stage of investigation are stated, there is a definition of a subject of investigation and its content in investigation of the studied crimes
Social Sciences and Humanities
226 articles
1430 kb

A POSTAGE STAMP AS A RESOURCE OF INFORMATION IN THE HISTORY OF AGRONOMY

abstract 1251701002 issue 125 pp. 66 – 84 31.01.2017 ru 7
The article considers illustrative images of plants on the postage stamps as a resource of information of agronomy history. We have shown the technology of education process. The first is the creation of the images base; the second are analysis, comparison, interpretation and search of new information. The method of sketches as the basis of the iconography of plants images was presented in this work. Analysis of the images allowed identifying several thematic blocks. Agriculture, growing in the country, the history of the plants spread, the technology of processing, product export and promotion of agronomic knowledge through agricultural exhibitions. Object of the analysis is a postage stamp. Stamps reflect the whole life of people, their history and modernity, environment, agriculture, science, culture and art. A stamp is a kind of "business card", it is a witness of the era. The main idea of the base images is receiving new knowledge about an object by collecting images, visual analysis, searching for information and studying material; in fact, it is a new approach to obtaining new knowledge, motivated and exciting approach to receive scientific information. Created database of images on the history of agronomy on the basis of stamps allows to use them actively in the learning process, and may be used as the individual topics for researches
240 kb

TO THE ONE OF SYSTEMATIC APPROACHES TO THE ABSTRACT OF LECTURES IN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS USING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

abstract 1251701007 issue 125 pp. 130 – 140 31.01.2017 ru 7
This article proposes an approach to the creation of abstract, based on the association of machine typesetting and creating pictures, which is especially important in connection with the development of information technology in today's society. The analysis of existing approaches to the creation of lecture notes based on a letter by hand and machine typing. Identified strengths and weaknesses of existing approaches. We have considered in detail an algorithm of adding graphic information into the abstract, using an approach based on typing on a PC or laptop. The article conducts an analysis of existing researches and experimentation in this direction. We have revealed one of the problems associated with the proposed approach, based on the location of seats in the classroom, considered one of the options for its solutions. The necessity of the development of specialized software was found. We have demonstrated lack of suitability of text editors for the implementation of the proposed approach
136 kb

THE PRINCIPLES OF PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE ON THE BASIS OF THE SPIRITUAL HERITAGE OF SEAMEN, DEFENDERS OF STALINGRAD (dedicated to the 75th anniversary of the battle of Stalingrad)

abstract 1251701033 issue 125 pp. 489 – 499 31.01.2017 ru 10
In the face of rising threats to national security of Russia, particularly acute has a specific and purposeful work on education of modern generations, capable of spiritual perception values, ideals, traditions and life attitudes of the generation of Winners. This work takes place in a complex political situation related to the attempts to revise the results of World War II, the intensification of practices of glorification of fascism, attempts to impose Western-style democracy. The main reason for this – the oblivion of tradition and the lessons of history, continued in the names, symbols and meanings inherited by contemporary generations in spiritual heritage from generation of Winners. The current situation reflects the significant features of the contemporary ideological confrontation, walking in mass communication. There is a struggle for hearts and minds, and move in convenient in the context of globalization interpretations of certain events constituting a once of key importance to society. We justify the development strategy of innovative development of a regional system of patriotic education of young people, through them developed main directions (forming the "innovation centers", the integration of ideas, technologies and human capacity, synchronization of activities of education, culture, youth policy, public organizations, the establishment of a regional cluster) and indicators (the degree of social cohesion, the attraction of investments, increased status subject position of, variety of innovative models, well conditions for innovation, the development of a management culture) of innovation structures – regional scientific-innovational socio-pedagogical complex of patriotic education
Health Sciences
42 articles
368 kb

PROGNOSTIC SIGNIFICANCE OF LYMPHOCYTIC INFILTRATION IN VULVAR CANCER PATIENTS

abstract 1251701056 issue 125 pp. 827 – 839 31.01.2017 ru 7
A retrospective immunohistochemical study of lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration in tumor tissue of 84 vulvar cancer patients with a long (over 2 years) and short (less than 2 years) remission was performed to determine a possible role of immunologic microenvironment of tumors in maintaining remission. Vulvar cancer patients with a short remission period were aged 46-85 years, mean age 67 years. 15.8% of them had stage I of the disease, 21% - stage II, 47.4% - stage III and 15.8% - stage IV. The average duration of remission in this group was 11 months. Patients with a long remission period were aged 27-71 years, mean age 48 years. 38.5% of them had stage I of the disease, 53.8% - stage II and 7.7% - stage III. The average duration of remission in this group was 8 years. Histological study showed squamous cell carcinoma in all patients. Stroma and parenchyma of tumor tissues demonstrated lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration of various degrees with the predominance of T-lymphocytes. CD8+ cells prevailed in tumor tissue of patients with a long remission period (over 2 years), while a higher level of CD4+ Т-lymphocytic infiltration was associated with a short remission (less than 2 years) and a poor prognosis. These differences allow prediction of the vulvar cancer course and its early or late recurrence
131 kb

CLINICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL FACTORS AND PREDICTION PARAMETERS OF CELL CYCLE IN ESOPHAGEAL CANCER

abstract 1241610028 issue 124 pp. 484 – 493 30.12.2016 ru 34
The aim of the study is to compare the traditional clinicopathologic factors and prognosis of cell cycle parameters, such as ploidy, cell cycle kinetics, as well as the study of DNA content in the tumor tissue of patients with esophageal cancer. Cancer of the esophagus - a very aggressive malignant disease, most commonly manifested impaired swallowing. As a rule, this type of cancer pathology is characterized by unfavorable outcome. Ploidy and cell proliferation activity, defined by the content of the DNA of the tumor - synthesizing cells are one of the important indicators of the growth rate of malignancy and prognosis. The study was performed on tumor tissue fragments of the 30 patients operated on for cancer of the esophagus. DNA study - conducted in the open cell material aftercare. DNA cell content was determined by flow cytometry BD FACSCanto II. By studying the DNA-cytometric parameters, we found the prevalence of aneuploid tumors in 66.7%. It was shown that DNAcytometric parameters are independent of gender. Major weight of diploid and aneuploid cell tumors of the esophagus was in G0 / 1 phase of the cell cycle. Comparative analysis of DNA - cytometric parameters and the degree of differentiation of esophageal tumor revealed a prevalence of aneuploid tumors in all the test cases. content distribution pattern of tumor cells was found in the G0 / G1-, G2 + M -, S - phase of the cell cycle at different stages of the disease
299 kb

NON-INVASIVE DIAGNOSTICS OF ANEUPLOIDY OF A FETUS WITH CIRCULATING TROPHOBLAST CELLS IN MATERNAL BLOOD

abstract 1231609131 issue 123 pp. 1965 – 1984 30.11.2016 ru 67
Isolation of fetal cells from the blood of a pregnant woman is more relevant for receiving the information of the genome of a fetus and implementation in clinical practice, non-invasive screening methods for prenatal diagnosis. The work proposes efficient ways of sorting trophoblasts circulating in maternal blood for the diagnosis of fetal aneuploidy in early gestation by analyzing microsatellite marker of the chromosomes that most prone to numerical aberrations (13, 18, 21, X and Y). A set of microsatellite markers allowed to reveal aneuploidy in three pregnant women, and also to exclude mosaicism and contamination of samples with maternal cells. A retrospective analysis of data on invasive cytogenetic studies (chorionic villus sampling) confirmed the results of the study
Health Sciences
77 articles
192 kb

MONITORING OF THE CANICOLA FEVER IN POPULATION OF CATTLE AND WILD FAUNA OF THE AMUR REGION

abstract 1251701031 issue 125 pp. 464 – 473 31.01.2017 ru 7
The article presents results of researches of authors on prevalence of a canicola fever in populations of cattle and wild rodents in the Amur region. The research objective consisted in studying of etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle and establishment of the dominating canicola fever originator serotypes at the rodents living in the Amur region. Results of researches showed that in etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle in the Amur region the admixed serogroups and a serogroup of Sejroe dominate. The natural reservoir of a canicola fever in the Amur region are populations of gophers, chipmunks, muskrats and voles. The highest percent of the infected individuals is taped in population of gophers (57,1 %). Level of contamination of animals in populations of muskrats and chipmunks made 20 and 17,6 % respectively. Contamination the canicola fever originator in populations of voles was at the level of 8-9 %
143 kb

PRECLINICAL STUDIES OF PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF A NEW DRUG URITOSOM FOR THE TREATMENT AND PREVENTION DISEASES OF GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

abstract 1241610056 issue 124 pp. 852 – 861 30.12.2016 ru 34
In this study, the authors have defined the acute, subchronic and chronic toxicity of Uritosom preparation, and also its skin-irritating and sensitizing action. The studies that determined the acute toxicity of the drug Uritosom found that remedy which intended for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the genitourinary system with internal method of appointment during the entire observation period did not cause the death and acute toxicity in laboratory animals. In the study of subchronic and chronic toxicity of the drug Uritosom throughout the observation period in both experimental groups death and acute intoxication in animals not registered, also there were no negative phenomena in behavior, reflexes were saved. Consequently, the preparation according to the degree of impact on the body of warm-blooded animals refers to low-hazard substances (4th class of hazard according to GOST 12.1.007-76). Study of the irritant action of Uritosom preparation was carried out in two series of experiments. In the first series of experiments was determined irritating action by conjunctival swab sampling method, in the second - by skin application. The study of the sensitizing action of the drug was determined by the method of maximum sensitizing effects. The authors have found that the preparation has no irritating and sensitizing effect on the tissue in its application zone. On this basis, Uritosom preparation at different ways of application is low-toxic and it can be recommended for clinical research
284 kb

USE OF FLUCONAZOLE FOR TREATMENT OF CHRONIC ENDOMETRITIS AT COWS

abstract 1241610057 issue 124 pp. 862 – 874 30.12.2016 ru 33
That article is of interest to practicing veterinarians. Currently, the biggest obstacle in the development of dairy farming is infertility at cows, which is caused by the presence of diseases of the reproductive organs, most of which is occupied by acute and chronic endometritis. The frequency of occurrence of chronic endometritis at cows reaches high levels, from 10 to 66.3%, averaging 14%. One of the direct causes of chronic endometritis is association of pathogenic and opportunistic microorganisms and fungi. Many chemotherapeutic agents which are designed for prophylaxis and treatment of acute postpartum endometritis do not give a high therapeutic effect in the treatment of chronic endometritis or amount and frequency of application drugs is very high. Analyzing the data, the authors developed a new drug which has fungicidal and antibacterial actions - Florinazol. The experiments showed that the use the Florinazol preparation in combination with myotropic, pathogenetic and vitamin preparations gives 90% of therapeutic efficiency, while the frequency of administration of the drug was on average 3 fold, and the duration of treatment was 5 days
Social Sciences and Humanities
13 articles
2673 kb

WATERCOLORIST OLEG POMERANTSEV (1949-2012) AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE TRADITIONS OF REALISTIC ART. ARTISTIC IMAGE OF THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRILLOVSKOE IN WATERCOLORS AND GRAPHIC WORKS OF THE MASTER

abstract 1231609030 issue 123 pp. 433 – 456 30.11.2016 ru 79
The article tells about St. Petersburg distinctive watercolor painter, Oleg I. Pomerantsev (1949-2012). Master's career is inseparably linked with Russian realism. The artist acts as a successor of fundamental high artistic traditions of realistic art. Working in a landscape genre, Pomerantsev managed to create more than 500 paintings deep in a content and meaning. In his spare time Master developed his own techniques of watercolor art. The entire artist’s works were performed under his impression. He received inspiration on fishing trips, in woods and then at home master reproduced what he saw from memory. Most of his works are in private collections and galleries all around the world. Romantic landscapes of Oleg I. Pomerantsev affect by their transparency, complex color techniques and inexpressible atmosphere, full of air and light. Complex colour manners and inexpressible atmosphere full of air and light. Graphic works by the artist, executed in pencil on paper are very interesting too. Sometimes master was fond of drawing in details, so such works were not suitable for watercolors. In his watercolor works Pomerantsev did only hardly visible pencil drawing. The artist did not specialized in graphics so he ruled out his pencil sketches as unsuitable, but the wife of the artist has kept them. Watercolorist Oleg I. Pomerantsev is unknown to Russian art-critics. In view of that, the article was tasked to give for the first time an art rating to the artist’s creation, to make an art analysis of his works from the cycle "The Karelian isthmus" dedicated to the settlement of Kirillovskoe in Vyborg district. The study of creativity of Oleg Pomerantsev by professional critics will allow to expand qualitatively the history of watercolor painting of Russia
1453 kb

VYBORG’S PERIOD OF A GREAT RUSSIAN ARTIST NICHOLAS ROERICH

abstract 1231609031 issue 123 pp. 457 – 479 30.11.2016 ru 68
A Karelian stage in the life of the great Russian artist, Nicholas Roerich, is relatively well-known. However, researchers have not been practically studied the period of residence of the Roerich family in Vyborg. It is known that N. Roerich was friends with the Finnish artist A. Gallen-Kallela, who helped him to remain in Finnish Vyborg in the period of revolutionary events in Russia. From October 1918 to May 1919 the Roerich family lived in Viborg in Ladaunkatu (now Turgenev St.), №8. The painting «Autumn» (1919) was written by the artist during the Vyborg’s period. The painting was created in a fantastic manner which was usual for the artist. Unfortunately, at the moment nothing is known about his other works with views of Vyborg. However, in the catalog of his works, published in the USA in the 1920-es , under the name of each picture is given information about where and when it was created. Thus, under some of the works of the artist is the mark: «Painted in Viborg». So, today we can say about some works of master, which he wrote in Vyborg. In the first place, there are famous paintings of the artist: «Repentance», «Call of the bell. Old Pskov», «Sons of the Heavens», «The heat of the Earth», «Autumn – Vyborg», «Les Miserables (Outcast)», «Treasure» and others. As well, in 1918 at the time of staying the family in Vyborg a number of sketches in "Vyborg Notebook" were made by his son, Svetoslav Roerich, who was then 16 years old. Probably, inexhaustible diligence of Roerich gave a rise to other works with the theme of Vyborg, which scientists do not know because this topic has not been investigated
190 kb

ABOUT POETRY OF THE COUNTRIES OF ASIA IN THE REGION OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN IN THE RUSSIAN TO VOCAL LYRICS OF THE XX CENTURY

abstract 1211607091 issue 121 pp. 1487 – 1503 30.09.2016 ru 184
The article is devoted to the characteristic of poems of east poets (Japan, China, Korea) on which vocal cycles were written by the Russian composers of the XX century. It becomes perceptible that the appeal to east poetry became a tendency, which appeared during the era of the Silver age of the Russian culture. The reasons of the origin of this tendency were revealed. The names of I. Stravinsky, S. Vasilenko, M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, D. Shostakovich, G. Sviridov, S. Slonimsky, L. Grabovsky, A. Nemtin, A. Raskatov, D. Smirnov, V. Kikta, G. Belov, G. Firtich, I. Ostromogilsky, etc. are given as an example of its implication. The large-scale literary list includes poetic of Ancient Chinese poetry, Japanese ancient (medieval) poetry, classical Korean poetry, folklore verses. In the conclusion, typical lines of vocal cycles on these poetic works are shown. The center of this poetry is images of the nature, communication with it of inner world of the person. This poetry is distinguished by a reserved manner of the embodiment of rich inner world, thin psychological gradation. Other figurative constants – love collisions, philosophical reflections about meaning of life, loneliness, exile. They are embodied emotionally frostily, laconically by means of expression
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 78
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 76
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 192
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
53 articles
141 kb

THE CONTENT OF THE MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL QUALITIES, SKILLS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION, SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

abstract 1251701059 issue 125 pp. 856 – 866 31.01.2017 ru 7
The article is devoted to the development of basic children’s skills with disordered autism spectrum. There is a range of tasks that need to be addressed in the system of psychological and educational assistance to children in this category, which allows identifying problems and areas of work with these children. The theory of deviant development and autism spectrum disorders, the concept of the game as the leading activity of children of preschool age and mental structures formed in this type of activity; the role of the concept of physical education in the development of mental processes of preschool age children is the methodological basis of the research. The article presents a model of improving sensory perception of the world around skills, skills of gross and fine motor skills, communication and social development with children with disordered autism spectrum. The conceptual framework of the proposed model is system development of sensory, motor, social and communicative skills of the child through interactive physical games. The purposes, goals, pedagogical conditions of realization of the model are determined. The model consists of three parts: a target, process, control and evaluation. The first - the target includes the purpose, tasks, and pedagogical conditions of realization of the model. The second set of model is technology. It consists of 5 blocks: sensory development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication, and social skills. The implementation of the content of the second unit takes place by means of interactive physical games, game exercise. There are the aims, the content of each unit. The third block is the control and evaluation. The content of the work of the third block includes organizational and methodological activities to assess the level of development of basic skills in children with ASD. According to the results of diagnosis, routes of individual development of each child, as required mid-term evaluation is carried out and a change of formation of skills development route have been made
138 kb

FEATURES OF SUBSTANTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOVEREIGNTY OF ADOLESCENTS LIVING IN FOSTER FAMILIES

abstract 1241610045 issue 124 pp. 708 – 719 30.12.2016 ru 33
The article investigates the psychological sovereignty of the individual at the stage of its development. The most striking of these steps is the period of adolescence. A study of psychological space of the individual is made to the example of children being brought up in his own family and children living in foster families
193 kb

MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT OF ATTITUDE TOWARD CREDITS OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT AGE

abstract 1231609073 issue 123 pp. 1049 – 1065 30.11.2016 ru 78
The article gives a psychological analysis of credit activity as a process of social exchange between the lender and the borrower. As a result of credit provision as exchange the borrower receives access to resource objects and resource relations. One of credit situations is a situation of borrower's personal default. It is introduced analysis of "personal default" concept in this article and is proposed its operational psychological definition. It is also substantiated its connection with other concepts (difficult life situation, economic stress, crisis of employment, etc). It has been studied motivational component of attitude toward credits by means of questionnaire related to credits attitude. During the study differences in motivation and purposes of crediting of potential and actual young and middle age borrowers have been found out. It has been revealed that typical motives of taking on credit are credit rigor and altruism for young people. The motive of altruistic behavior refuse is expressed by middle age persons. We have studied out connections between motives of crediting. We have found out negative connections between the motive of altruism and investment, intended use of borrowed funds, as well as between the fear of crediting and hedonism, dreaminess and conformability in crediting. Significant differences in credit purposes of young and middle-age respondents have been detected. Persons from 18 to 25 years took credit oftener for the purchase of luxury items (phone, furniture, PCs, TVs, home appliances). For borrowers from 35 to 45 years is typical to take on credits for purchase of real estate, investment in business, immediate needs – payment of medical services, repair of apartments, repayment of credit
Social Sciences and Humanities
5 articles
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 107
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 104
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
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METHODIC OF A MODERN MILITARY SERVICEMAN'S PROFESSIONAL ORIENTA-TION EVALUATION

abstract 1081504074 issue 108 pp. 1008 – 1018 30.04.2015 ru 946
To the present stage, the process of becoming contract soldier professionals lasts up to 10 years or more, which is impermissible for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. One of the elements of a professional orientation of soldiers under contract is its evaluation. In the study, the authors have proposed evaluation methodology of professional orientation of contract soldiers. The validity and reliability assessment of the proposed methodic was carried out in two stages: stage 1 - respondents survey according to the methodic of M. Rokeach and getting their individual profiles; stage 2 - predicting the level of respondents professional military orientation, based on the assessment of proximity (conformity) of the respondents' individual profiles of value orientations to owned reference profiles. The evaluation of the internal (criterion) validity technique was performed as assessing the validity of the relationship between the influence and the observed results and the possibility to use this relationship to predict respondent's actions in future. Reliability of the methodic was assessed by three indicators. For all the indications we have obtained the results, showing the retest reliability of the proposed methodology of evaluation of military-professional orientation
Social Sciences and Humanities
38 articles
151 kb

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF RUSSIANBELARUS RELATIONS

abstract 1241610058 issue 124 pp. 875 – 886 30.12.2016 ru 35
The purpose of the article is to analyze the factors affecting the process of interaction, the nature of relationships and everyday life of the Russian and Belarusian communities. Use the ideas of the system, interactionist, phenomenological and sociopsychological approaches. The empirical base totaled questionnaire data of the Russian population of the Krasnodar Region; secondary analysis of sociological data of Russian and Belarusian research teams. Knowledge of the factors and content of the mutual influence of ethno-cultural practices of Russian and Belarusian ethnic communities will help to predict the interactions and facilitate their consolidation and integration
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INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY’S INSTITUTE ON TRANSGRESSING SOCIETY

abstract 1231609013 issue 123 pp. 214 – 228 30.11.2016 ru 64
The article deals with influence of the institution of family on the transgressing experience in its various forms. The problem is quite relevant in view of the fact that the society gets out of structural limitations. Increasingly, social actors step over the border, which for many ordinary people are considered immutable, violate generally accepted course of events, the established norms of behavior and morality. In this regard, the authors discuss the phenomenon of transgression as an integral part of modern society, which is understood as a strategy to overcome social taboos, violation of cultural traditions, moral and religious regulators. In addition, the transgression may be regarded as a manifestation of freedom. Freedom from rules, regulations, prohibitions, including religious ones. And then it is quite possible the emergence of such a phenomenon as a religious transgression. The authors give a definition of religious transgression, which is the process overstep religious prohibitions designed to separate the man from his immersion in faith, radical overcoming taboos of religion, the transition from one religion to another. The article presents the results conducted in 2016 a search of sociological research on the basis of Astrakhan State University. Based on these studies, the authors conclude that it is the family becomes the unifying factor that helps in keeping the values in the course of religious transgression
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REVIVAL OF PRESTIGE OF MANY CHILDREN FAMILY BY MEANS OF A STATE SUPPORT

abstract 1221608053 issue 122 pp. 757 – 772 31.10.2016 ru 117
In this article, a family is considered as a basis of modern society. As a result of the theoretical and methodological analysis, there was determined that a family is a form of a social system of a state making impact on the personality from birth to death, by means of formation and change of social, psychological, cultural, ethical bases, differing by means of united economic space, moral communications, interrelationships. Owing to social and economic, political, psychological changes of the country, the life of the population and the model of a family were changed, so the economy of family business turned into individual economy of societies that led to the development of a consumer relation of a society, economic recession, deterioration of ecological situation of environment. Proceeding from selective inspection of budgets of households, there was revealed that the more children in a family, the worse it’s standard of living, so in full families at the appearance of one child the standard of living decreases by 16%, the second child – for 30%, the third – for 50%. According to Rosstat, there was defined that the living conditions also depend on a number of children in a family. On average, better living conditions are at the citizens living lonely with 34 sq. m of living space, the share on a family from three people – 11 sq.m of living space on the person. Different forms of support are given for improvement of life quality of large families by the state. In the article, there was considered one of the key forms of the state support – improvement of living conditions of families having three and more children, namely granting of free of charge land plots in property and providing them with necessary infrastructure. There was offered the alternative mechanism of the solution of housing problems of large families which realization will allow to reduce a social inequality of different segments of the population, will provide the rejuvenation of the nation, both in demographic, and in socio-cultural value
Social Sciences and Humanities
19 articles
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 83
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
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ETHNO SEPARATIST TERRORISM IN WEST EUROPE

abstract 1181604072 issue 118 pp. 1139 – 1153 29.04.2016 ru 436
For the purpose of this article, the analysis of the development of ethnoseparatism in West Europe has been undertaken. Under current conditions, the ethnical separatism threatens national security of series of European countries and territorial integrity. Special attention has been paid to social and political beginnings and causes of terrorism in Spain and Great Britain. The activity of such terrorist organizations as IRA and ETA has been researched. Ideological basis of violence, purposes and objectives, as well as the main stages of formation and development of these organizations have been disclosed. The author states that the use of the terrorism as a method of political struggle is destructive and does not facilitate a solution to the national problems. We have also considered approaches of the governments to solve the problems of separatism and terrorism on the territory of these countries. In their counter-terrorism efforts political leaders of Spain and Great Britain have used both methods of force and political and legal methods, namely, granting to the regions of wide economical and political independence, preservation of authentic cultural values and language of indigenous people. The formation of violence intolerance in public conscience as control method has become the main direction of the antiterrorist policy in the countries under consideration. Anti-terrorist model which has been developed by the European countries can be effective and useful for the regions being in ethnopolitical conflicts
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TO THE PROBLEM OF INTERNATIONAL LEGITIMIZATION OF NEW STATES: POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS

abstract 1171603037 issue 117 pp. 600 – 611 31.03.2016 ru 394
The article is devoted to the problem of legitimization of new states that came into be in the post-socialist period as a result of secession processes. The relevance of this topic is accounted for by the intensification of these processes in various parts of the world and the ensuing quest of the new polities for independence and recognition. These processes reflect a historically grounded discrepancy between the need of the people in the new states for self-identification and the desire to keep their territorial integrity intact. This is aggravated by the fact that political and legal settlement of the problem of international recognition of the new polities has so far not been achieved. This leads to various conflicts, misunderstanding and the policy of double standards. The key idea consists in the following: a fully valid legitimacy of power in the “de facto”, or “contested” states cannot be achieved through the internal recognition of power alone, without the external constituent – the international recognition of the new polity. The article also focuses on the interpretation of various names attributed to such polities, especially those that sprang up on the post-soviet territories. A special attention is devoted to highly contested conceptual and legal approaches to the problem, subject for discussions in the politicolegal sphere
Social Sciences and Humanities
21 articles
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NOBILITY IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE OF XVIII-XIX CENTURIES AS A PARALLEL CULTURAL SPACE

abstract 1241610038 issue 124 pp. 623 – 631 30.12.2016 ru 33
Parallel cultural space is a phenomenon within heterotopia. All cultural processes and phenomena, taking place there, operated by special laws and regularities. The author substantiates the fact that the nobility in Russia XVIII-XIX centuries is a special time-space with features of parallel cultural space. In particular, a comparison with other privileged strata of the population of the Russian state, the analysis of internal processes and phenomena proves this fact. Originating in the XII century, among the younger princely nobility went quite a long way in the formation of a special service estate. In the XVIII century is its final form as an aristocratic layer Russia, and the author argues that it is from this time can be observed heterogeneity of the space in which the nobility and there. His positions, access to the broad cultural, political and social benefits provide excellent conditions for the separation of the nobility in a single cultural space, which, in turn, determines the new phenomena. This fact forces us to take a fresh look at the problem in a certain culture formation development in the environment for cultural security problem and reveals the principles of heterotopic spaces functioning
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APPEARANCE OF ANOTHER/ALIEN AS A MARKER OF CULTURAL IDEAS IN THE SOCIETY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF AMERICAN COMICS DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE WORLD WAR II PERIODS)

abstract 1231609008 issue 123 pp. 127 – 141 30.11.2016 ru 75
The image of the Other/Alien is the litmus test according to which researchers can determine the state of the disease of society, its fears and hopes in a certain period of social and cultural development. The author of this article on the example of fictional Other/Alien, has manifested the images of superheroes and supervillains of American comics; he proves the relationship between attitudes of society, paradigmatic for certain periods of the history, with the construction clothing marker Other/Alien. Turning to the two periods of XX century American history, the researcher has traced the evolution of the characteristics of narrative images, typical for these stages, revealed the main socio-cultural processes that influenced the creation of such images in popular culture, and came to the conclusion that the mood of the American Society of the Great Depression period and the World war II is well reflected in the narratives of the time, in particular, in the comics. Clothing of superheroes like images Other / Alien were dictated by certain cultural, historical, social, and political ideas. During the Great Depression, Another becomes a “good” alien. His appearance is caused by the mood and hopes of people of that time; the character appears to be able to change the usual course of things. The Second World War gave birth to a new type of the Other, the personification of all US national values. Another - now is not an alien. He is one of us, but he has the same supernatural powers aimed at justice, not only in the mood of the American Society but in the whole world
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THEMES AND MOTIVES OF ORNAMENT FOLK EMBROIDERY IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN XVIII CENTURY

abstract 1191605046 issue 119 pp. 642 – 652 31.05.2016 ru 189
The article discloses a feature of graphic ornamental motives of embroidery in clothing and household decoration, typical for the North-West region of Russia in the XVIII century. The semiotic status of the Russian clothing and household decorations with decorative ornaments embroidery with figurative ornamental motives as a group of functionally related items have remained very high, having both utilitarian and sign pragmatics for millennia. Despite the sociohistorical processes, changing the external shape of the suit, the symbolism of embroidery patterns remained unchanged and continued to exist until the twentieth century. In connection with the political events, readier subjects and fine motives can be traced in the Russian folk embroidery due to the resettlement of Novgorod in the XV century. This is the way from Novgorod to Arkhangelsk and the path from Veliky Novgorod to Vologda where Novgorod settled, keeping their culture. It is proved, that there is a correlation between the zoomorphic pendants, amulets female ornaments of the tenth century and plot embroidered with iconic ornamental motives of the North-West region of Russia. People piously observed the laws of their fathers and grandfathers. The embroidery from generation to generation has been portraying images of ancient mythology. The most common images in the northern Russian embroidery were the goddess of Mokos, Rozhanitsy, birds, horses, moose, deer, and wild animals and plants, depicted in subject compositions. The zoomorphic motives are also the images of flying dragons, symbolizing lightning, they are often found in Russian folk tales. Fire Dragon was considered the protector of property and fire. The people’s attitude to fire was special: it was called "You sir, the King-fire", and it was regards’ a god. One of the main roles in the embroidery is given to the technical side. Counted Russian embroidery stitches do not only recreate the image, but also express its essence
Physical Sciences and Engineering
17 articles
172 kb

THE ROLE OF LAND, WATER AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE CONFLICTS IN AFRICA AND THE WAY FORWARD

abstract 1221608020 issue 122 pp. 278 – 291 31.10.2016 ru 105
The scarcity of natural resources has become a serious problem in terms of security in the world. This article examines the role of the limited resources in conflicts in Africa. The main source of conflict is the issue of control of resources and the right to a healthy environment. Here we consider the case of the regional conflicts in the African context. A large number of major rivers in Africa also have been the cause of conflicts between the riparian countries. However, most of these problems have been successfully solved, and in many cases, this process led to the formation of regional blocs for economic and diplomatic cooperation in the region. In addition to inter-State disputes, there are also internal disputes among regions or states within the same country for the control of resources. However, in some cases these regions have developed wellcoordinated approaches to resolving the disputes: either by judicial apportionment, congressional action or based on negotiated compacts. In general, we believe that a careful application of equitable resource-sharing formula to volatile areas is a basic condition for peace and stability in Africa
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APPLICATION OF CLIMATIC INDICES FOR EVALUATION OF REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS

abstract 1211607016 issue 121 pp. 425 – 448 30.09.2016 ru 189
In the article we consider the results of the study of climatic attractiveness of the South of Russia from the point of view of tourism development. Formal definition of attractiveness was reached by using a wide spread concept of climatic indices. Any climatic index is calculated by a set of medical and biological characteristics. The latter are defined on the basis of human physiology. Indices, which are used for evaluation of attractiveness of one or another region from the point of view of recreation and tourism, have certain peculiarities. Very often they are calculated using poorly formalized and arguable indications like psychological feeling of meteorological characteristics and even aesthetic perception. Taking into account above mentioned experience we have suggested a new approach for evaluation of climatic tourist indices basing on initial (standard 3 hour discretion) meteorological observations with maximum possible exclusion from a calculation scheme all subjective parameters. Our approach is based on a well-known method of Mieczkowski [4]. The method was developed more than 30 ears ago and is still widely applied. Our method allows objectively evaluate nonsmoothed index values because it takes into account combinations of meteorological characteristics with maximum available discretion during the day. A method demonstrated its capability for evaluation of regional variations in tourist attractiveness. We analyzed 40–year dynamics of attractiveness in the region being in the focus of the study
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INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEXITY OF ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE TERRITORIES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607129 issue 121 pp. 2031 – 2044 30.09.2016 ru 193
One of the main problems at engineering-geological researches is the choice of the most suitable territory for construction of designed projects and constructions. The most dangerous threat to the economy and the security of the Krasnodar region are geohazards. The article provides an expert evaluation of engineering-geological conditions of the territory, the map-scheme of evaluation of engineeringgeological zoning of the region. The characteristic is given to the engineering-geological taxons allocated on degree of usefulness of conditions
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