Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Physical Sciences and Engineering
398 articles
253 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF MATERIAL FLOW MANAGEMENT

abstract 1331709002 issue 133 pp. 8 – 23 30.11.2017 ru 169
The article concentrates on the matters of current interest in the sphere of product flows. The object of research is the relocation of product flows from the supply sphere, represented by supply and sales organizations or other commercial-intermediary agencies, to the sphere of business enterprise. The ultimate goal of the production and economic system modeling is the preparation for managerial decision-making. The choice of the model depends on the purposes of the modeling, management functions, automation manufacturing step, applied mathematical tools technique. The article considers the main characteristics of the flow, which while retaining their individuality at the same time depend on each other and function logically in the economic space. The advantages and disadvantages of the material inventory and flows management in micrologistic intraproductive systems are being analyzed. External and internal environment, taken as a basis for the real logistical process modeling, determine the type of the principal stock regulation system and the type of the corresponding mathematical model. Methods and models of the stock theory, the primary objective of which is to determine the most important incoming product flow parameters of the system, are still in demand and their primary goal is to adapt the manufacturing company to the consumers’ needs
1854 kb

AMPLITUDE-FREQUENCY AND AMPLITUDEVELOCITY CHARACTERISTICS OF A RIGID OSCILLATING INCLUSION MOVING WITHIN A TWO-LAYER ISOTROPIC MEDIUM

abstract 1331709035 issue 133 pp. 448 – 466 30.11.2017 ru 124
The article is dedicated to a numerical investigation of a plane problem of the oscillation amplitude of a buried source, depending on the frequency and motion speed in various isotropic media. Three types of the medium are considered: a two-layer package with a rigidly fixed base, a two-layer package with a mechanically free base, a half-space. The source, in the form of a stress jump simulating a rigid inclusion of small dimensions, moves in the interface plane at a constant speed. Homogeneous boundary value problems are considered in a moving coordinate system associated with a source. The solution method is based on the usage of integral Fourier transforms, the method of direct contour integration and algorithms for constructing symbols of Green's matrices. The method of direct contour integration significantly simplifies calculations in comparison with the traditional approaches to the calculation of Fourier integrals. We have presented calculations of nine amplitude-frequency and amplitude-velocity characteristics for different combinations of medium and source types, that give an exhaustive qualitative and quantitative description of the solutions for boundary value problems in a wide range of velocities and frequencies. Comparative analysis of calculations showed a primary influence of the type of an elastic medium on the investigated characteristics, as well as the large influence of the source type. Which, in turn, revealed some substantial connections between the boundary value problems with a moving source and the corresponding problems with a stationary source
230 kb

THE LIMIT THEORY OF THE SOLUTIONS OF EXTREMAL STATISTICAL PROBLEMS

abstract 1331709045 issue 133 pp. 579 – 600 30.11.2017 ru 72
Many procedures of applied mathematical statistics are based on the solution of extreme problems. As examples it is enough to name methods of least squares, maximum likelihood, minimal contrast, main components. In accordance with the new paradigm of applied mathematical statistics, the central part of this scientific and practical discipline is the statistics of non-numerical data (it is also called the statistics of objects of non-numerical nature or non-numeric statistics) in which the empirical and theoretical averages are determined by solving extreme problems. As shown in this paper, the laws of large numbers are valid, according to which empirical averages approach the theoretical ones with increasing sample size. Of great importance are limit theorems describing the asymptotic behavior of solutions of extremal statistical problems. For example, in the method of least squares, selective estimates of the parameters of the dependence approach the theoretical values, the maximum likelihood estimates tend to the estimated parameters, etc. It is quite natural to seek to study the asymptotic behavior of solutions of extremal statistical problems in the general case. The corresponding results can be used in various special cases. This is the theoretical and practical use of the limiting results obtained under the weakest assumptions. The present article is devoted to a series of limit theorems concerning the asymptotics of solutions of extremal statistical problems in the most general formulations. Along with the results of probability theory, the apparatus of general topology is used. The main differences between the results of this article and numerous studies on related topics are: we consider spaces of a general nature; the behavior of solutions is studied for extremal statistical problems of general form; it is possible to weaken ordinary requirements of bicompactness type by introducing conditions of the type of asymptotic uniform divisibility
Physical Sciences and Engineering
55 articles
753 kb

INTERRELATION OF THE MODEL OF CALCULATIONS OF ATOMIC RADIUS AND VARIOUS SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS

abstract 1331709031 issue 133 pp. 379 – 401 30.11.2017 ru 129
In this article, we discuss the relationship between the previously obtained model for calculating atomic radii with electrodynamics, the hydrodynamic model of the planets of the Solar System, and the R-function of the structural organization of electronic systems. It is shown that the curve of the dependence of the value of the correction coefficient e x on the atomic number of the element in form coincides with the dependence of the ionization energy on the mass of the atom and the R-function on the nuclear charge. The concept of the "atomic nucleus potential", which takes into account the energy of the nucleus and the charge of the nucleus of the atom, is introduced. It is shown that the radius of an atom is the product of the nuclear potential by a factor kx , taking into account the characteristics of electronic levels; the energy of the nuclear reaction is the work of the forces of the field (potential) of the atomic nucleus along the displacement of the atomic charge. The dependence of the potential of the nucleus on the charge number in the Mendeleev’s Periodic Table is shown. It is shown that any system of satellites (or atomic shells) has a constant ratio of its Kepler number to the mass of the central body around which they rotate. It is shown that in the Table of Mendeleev's chemical elements and in the solar system, the fundamental value is the mass of the center (the nucleus of the atom or the center of the orbit). The ratio of the Kepler number to the mass of the central body is a constant, within the accuracy of construction and calculations
213 kb

QuЕChERS SAMPLE PREPARATION IN THE DETERMINATION OF PESTICIDES OF DIFFERENT CHEMICAL CLASSES BY HPLC

abstract 1321708011 issue 132 pp. 117 – 127 31.10.2017 ru 189
The method has been developed of simultaneous determination of active ingredients of different kinds of pesticides in biological tissues (fish liver) by applying HPLC with ultra-violet detection and the rapid method of QuEChERS sample preparation. We defined optimum volume and composition of the reagents for the extraction, time of centrifugation and ultrasound treatment, the origin and composition of sorbents that ensure maximum extraction of the substances studied and further cleanup of interfering substances. Acetonitrile was used as a solvent. The extraction was carried out in the presence of a buffering mixture - trisodium citrate dihydrate and disodium citrate hemihydrate. Bondesil PSA bulk sorbents (alkylated amine containing two amine functional groups - secondary and primary) and C18E (reversed-phase sorbent based on silica gel with grafted octadecylsilane groups were used to purify the extract from coextractable substances (fats, proteins, sugars, organic and fatty acids, pigments and other impurities). The degree of extraction of the analyzed active ingredients of pesticides from the liver of fish was 79%. The detectable pesticide concentrations ranged from 0,4 to 0,97 mg/kg. The relative standard deviation of the analysis results amounted to 0,01-0,14
250 kb

ALTERNATIVE MODEL OF CALCULATIONS OF VALUES OF ATOMIC RADIUS

abstract 1321708051 issue 132 pp. 616 – 627 31.10.2017 ru 180
The article presents the results of the development of an alternative model for calculating the values of atomic radius. A formula was derived for calculating the atomic radius of the elements of the Periodic System of DI Mendeleev. The optimal calculation conditions for the proposed model are found. It is shown that the curve of the dependence of the value of the correction coefficient x on the atomic number of the element in form coincides with the dependence of the ionization energy on the charge number
Life Sciences
519 articles
2252 kb

ICONOGRAPHY OF WHEAT

abstract 1331709021 issue 133 pp. 240 – 262 30.11.2017 ru 111
The study of agronomy plants history, its distribution and use through image analysis and iconography have been presented. As an object of study, the image of wheat has been taken as the ancient culture of the world among agricultural plants. After many years, the illustrative series takes on a completely different meaning, namely, it becomes an independent resource of information. The analysis includes images of wheat in painting, sculpture, mosaic, tapestries, murals, botanical illustrations, stamps, porcelain and scientific drawings. In the work, we have made an attempt to analyze the images of wheat in the works of art in order to search for species diversity, directions of selection and genetic research, and also to present the morphological characteristics of culture. The method of analysis is a method of visual notes or sketches, which consists in comparing and searching information by image. The analysis is carried out on grounds: tall wheat, multiflorous forms of wheat, nonspreading, thickness of straw. The visual analysis of the images of wheat in works of art by the method of sketches made it possible to reveal the species diversity of culture along the ear, to see the ancient forms that were cultivated in the world before the "green revolution". The analysis included works of art from the 14th to the 21st century, the masters of painting in Italy, Germany, Russia, the Netherlands, France, the United States, and others
263 kb

DESIGN OF THERAPEUTIC PHAGE COCKTAILS BASED ON T4-TYPE BACTERIOPHAGES: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

abstract 1331709063 issue 133 pp. 823 – 850 30.11.2017 ru 109
In the review, the stages of designing therapeutic cocktails of T4 type bacteriophages based on works by Harald Brüssow from Nestlé S.A. (Switzerland) are considered. The main stages of this process are identified: analysis of existing cocktails, selection of phages; creating a collection; cultivation of the host bacterium, multiplication of viruses; purification of the preparation; contamination testing; preservation, stabilization and storage; preclinical and clinical trials. H. Brüssow first studied the Russian drug " Coli-Proteus bacteriophage " of "Microgen" with the help of metagenomic analysis, electron microscopy and conducted its clinical studies. Prof. Brüssow considered the advantages of T4 bacteriophages for the treatment of Escherichia coli infections. Researchers studied methods of cultivation in Erlenmeyer flasks, in a bioreactor, in disposable sack cultivators for the propagation of viruses. For its purification the chromatography, centrifugation, filtration and polyethylene glycol precipitation were studied. To quickly check the contamination of phage cocktails, a mass spectrometry method is proposed. Researchers considered basic strategies, such as lyophilization, spray drying, the formation of microcrystals and microspheres to stabilize the preparations. They also reviewed the results of clinical trials of phage cocktails. We have listed the problems of selecting T4 bacteriophages from the point of view of modern knowledge. H. Brüssow and his colleagues carried out an interesting work on the construction of phage cocktails based on T4 type bacteriophages, and also revealed the problems of the current state of phage therapy
749 kb

APPROBATION OF ISSR DNA-MARKERS FOR GENOTYPING OF GALÁNTHUS WORONOWII LOSINSK.. AND ANALYSIS OF GENETIC STABILITY OF PLANTS, OBTAINED BY IN VITRO CULTURE

abstract 1331709088 issue 133 pp. 1166 – 1178 30.11.2017 ru 119
In the course of the work, 33 ISSR markers were evaluated for efficacy in the detection of genetic changes in regenerants of Galanthus woronowii Losinsk.. Ten markers were found suitable for genotyping according to the species under study. Five samples from the selected ten were analyzed for a sample of 20 plants of regenerants and a mother plant. The obtained data testify to genetic stability of plant material in the process of microclonal propagation
Physical Sciences and Engineering
20 articles
336 kb

ANALYSIS OF EXTINCTION AND EMERGENCE DYNAMICS OF NEW RADIOLARIA'S SPECIES IN THE CRETACEOUS AND PALEOGENE PERIODS

abstract 1321708102 issue 132 pp. 1278 – 1289 31.10.2017 ru 88
The dynamics of changes in the species diversity of radiolarians during the last 150 million years with accuracy to one geological century was determined. The basic patterns of species and taxa of high rank change had been established for the boundary between Cretaceous and Paleogene. There were revealed topomorphic features of bipolar species, which have succeeded from the Cretaceous into the Paleogene and became ancestors of Cenozoic radiolarian fauna. Changes in the species number in the boundary between Cretaceous and Paleogene periods, and also significant variations in the species diversity in Paleocene and Eocene are connected to a combination of a number of factors. The most important of those factors are geological processes, causing extensive transgressions and regressions, climate variability, the overall evolution direction of the Earth biota and competition for important chemical components for the Radiolaria’s livelihood. The emergence of powerful tropical forests on the land with their huge bio-production and bio-chemical erosion is connected to late Cretaceous era. This resulted increasing of the dissolved material proceeding into the sedimentation pool, what is confirmed by classical bauxites emergence. Because aluminium oxide and silicon oxide are geochemically connected, we can state as well about increasing of dissolved silica flow initiated development of Diatoms, which became competitors to Radiolaria in their battle for silica. The last ones are lost this battle, what caused the species decreasing. That was not a catastrophic event with immediate extinction, but a long process
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 850
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 1866
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1731 articles
183 kb

SIMULATION OF A POWER TRANSFORMER WORK WITH A HIGH LEVEL OF HIGHER HARMONICS

abstract 1331709003 issue 133 pp. 24 – 29 30.11.2017 ru 110
The importance of improving the quality of electrical energy was growing along with the development and wide implementation in the production of valve converters and various highperformance processing units, such as arc furnace, welding machines etc. The main causes of potential and existing non-compliances of non-sinusoidal voltages can be joining sources and non-sinusoidal reactive power sources, including resonant filters, to existing electric grids without taking into account their possible impact on the distortion of the sinusoidal voltage. Transformers are affected by the non-sinusoidal shapes of the curves of current and voltage. The effect is characterized by the fact that the harmonics of current and voltage increase transformer temperature, compared to purely sinusoidal current and voltage. The aim of this work is to study the influence of higher harmonics on power loss in power transformers. Experimental study of operation of power transformers was carried out on the developed model of the transformer substation. The experiments were conducted with different capacities of transformers that have variables in the range of 250-1000 kVA. By using programmable voltage source a sinusoidal voltage is formed containing the third, fifth, sixth, seventh, ninth and twelfth harmonics. The level of harmonics is changed in the range of 2-12 %
699 kb

A SURFACE RUNOFF CLEANING PLANT FOR THE TERRITORY OF THE NOVOROSSIYSK SEA PORT

abstract 1331709008 issue 133 pp. 72 – 81 30.11.2017 ru 114
The article considers scheme of sewage treatment plants AG-STOK of Novorossiysk trading sea port, designed to clean the surface runoff from the territory of industrial sites and residential areas to the norms of discharge in the drainage network. The installation includes a well-separator, a storage tank, mechanical cleaning of solids on a mechanical filter, filtration through a filter with granular loading and filtration through a filter with sorption loading. The treated runoff, which corresponds to the conditions of discharge into the urban drainage network, accumulates in a tank of clean water and is diverted to the storm sewer network. There are: the scheme of treatment facilities, the explication of equipment, a photo of a mechanical filter, a filter with a granular load and a filter with a sorption load. The indicators of surface runoff correspond to the norms of the maximum permissible discharge
230 kb

PARAMETERS OF RESEARCH ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS AS CRITERIA FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

abstract 1331709010 issue 133 pp. 91 – 114 30.11.2017 ru 162
The article reflects the relationship between the parameters of research activities of students and the characteristics of the educational environment in higher education. It is known that the research activity of students is an integral part of the educational process, therefore, the parameters of research activity can and should be indicator variables reflecting certain aspects of the educational environment. According to modern views, all types of research activities of students (educational, research, scientific and practical and research) is the most important mechanism for the development of their research competence. In addition, the parameters of research activities of students - the reflection of the relationship of scientific and educational activities in higher education, and this - one of the most important factors of competitiveness of the educational environment. The authors substantiate that the parameters reflecting the research activity of students characterize, first of all, such aspects of the educational environment as its intensity, social activity, dominance, coherence, mobility, stability, reliability and efficiency. This is due to the fact that the research activity of students is a transdisciplinary process that depends on the same factors as the educational process as a whole and is characterized by the same didactic goals (tasks) as the educational process as a whole. In identifying the relationship between the parameters of research activities of students and the characteristics of the educational environment, the authors also took into account the relevance of such a task as ensuring continuity between levels of continuing education. The theoretical significance of the results of this study is that they can be the basis for further scientific understanding of the problems of the quality of education and the effectiveness of educational environments, the practical significance is that they can be applied in the systems of socio-pedagogical and psycho-pedagogical monitoring and the effectiveness of the educational environment, as well as monitoring the student's personal and professional development). Methodological bases of research: system, sociological, competence, probability-statistical and qualimetric approaches (leading methodological basis - competence approach). Research methods: modeling; methods of graph theory, sets and relations; systemiccognitive analysis; methods of qualimetry (theory of latent variables); methods of mathematical statistics (first of all - the method of rocky scree); methods of the theory of limits
Physical Sciences and Engineering
20 articles
583 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF GRINDING ROUGHAGE IN A PRESSED FORM

abstract 1381804002 issue 138 pp. 1 – 10 30.04.2018 ru 26
The article has a classification of fodder shredders developed on the basis of the analysis of the existing technical means for the preparation of fodders. The constructive technological scheme of the grinder for coarse fodder in a pressed form is proposed. The results of experimental studies in solving the optimization problem-finding the optimal combination of constructive-technological factors of equipment are analyzed, in which a predetermined number of all types of feed will be produced with a higher quality. As optimization criteria, the following were chosen: energy intensity, material grinding time, weighted average particle length
334 kb

RESEARCH OF THE INFLUENCE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS OF EXTREMELY LOW FREQUENCY ON THE LOSS OF DRY AND BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES OF GARDEN BEET ROOTS IN THE PROCESS OF STORING

abstract 1381804003 issue 138 pp. 11 – 17 30.04.2018 ru 17
The article presents the results of the research of the influence of preliminary treatment of garden beet roots with electromagnetic fields of extremely low frequency on the loss of dry and biologically active substances, such as vitamin C and P-active substances, in the process of long term storage. Garden beet roots of Bordo 237 variety were the objects of research. The objects of research were stored for 7 months at a temperature of 0…+1° С and relative humidity of 90 %. Sampling was carried out every month during the entire storage period. The treatment with electromagnetic fields of extremely low frequency was carried out using an experimental setup of our own assembly. As a result of the conducted research it is established, that the treatment of garden beet roots of Bordo 237 variety with electromagnetic fields of extremely low frequency before dispatching into storage allows to decrease the losses of dry substances by 4,1 % by the end of the 7 months storage period, and also to decrease the losses of vitamin C by 14,8 % and P-active substances by 15,1 %. The data obtained can be used to develop new or improve existing technologies of garden beet roots storing
699 kb

DEVICE FOR PRE-SAMPLE PROCESSING OF SOIL

abstract 1381804004 issue 138 pp. 18 – 36 30.04.2018 ru 15
The considerable share in prime cost of products of agricultural production is made, now, by power expenses. It promotes that the considerable attention is given power - both resource-saving to the equipment and technologies. Thus, the modern science is faced by a global task – creation of cars and tools of new generation, high-economic, highly productive, less power-intensive and metal-consuming. One of the most power-intensive processes of production of agricultural production is processing of the soil. In this article on the basis of numerous researches use of rotary motion of the soil-cultivating working body allowing to improve a design of tillage machines, to reduce metal consumption, power consumption, to increase quality of work is offered. In this article, we offer the device for preseeding processing of the soil on a frame of which the working bodies in the form of flat disks with sharpening working in the horizontal plane, but with the accounting of an angle of deepening of working body are in chessboard order established. Rotary motion which promotes fuller cutting of rhizomes of weed plants and to improvement of quality of preseeding processing of the soil is forcibly transferred to working bodies. Justification of the offered device, constructive and technological schemes of the tool, conclusions and offers are given in the article
Life Sciences
1049 articles
165 kb

MODERN STATUS AND TRENDS OF DEVELOPMENT OF GRAIN PRODUCTION IN THE REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA)

abstract 1331709007 issue 133 pp. 64 – 71 30.11.2017 ru 73
The article considers the current state of production of grain crops in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The analysis of gross collection, structural shifts, sowing area and yield of grain crops over the past five years is being carried out. Also, the application of mineral and organic fertilizers to crops of cereals is being investigated, since their application is of great importance for obtaining high and stable harvests of grain crops. Based on the results of the analysis, conclusions were drawn and ways of development of grain production in the republic were outlined
237 kb

PLANT HEIGHT AND LODGING RESISTANCE OF COLLECTION VARIETIES OF WINTER BARLEY

abstract 1331709015 issue 133 pp. 160 – 172 30.11.2017 ru 106
Lodging resistant is a very important factor of limitation of the yield of barley. The yield of lodged crops may be decreased up to 50%. The quality of the yield also deteriorates which negatively affects brewery characteristics. The lodging resistance of a variety is determined genetically and depends on a plant height and weather conditions during dynamic vegetation. One of the main aims of breeding of the crop for lodging resistance is the selection of short-stem varieties. However, a thorough study of the basic material and determination of its adaptability to a particular soil and climatic zone and suitability of its usage as parental forms are needed. The article covers the plant height of collection varieties of winter barley in the central zone of Krasnodar region and determines the groups of the varieties based on this trait. The dynamic of plant height formation depending on the vegetative conditions during five years is studied. The examination of lodging resistance of winter barley revealed that there are many non-lodging forms of the crop. New local varieties and lines have short and strong culms. Also, some varieties from Western Europe and the USA show its good lodging resistance under these conditions
492 kb

DETERMINATION OF CRITERIA FOR SELECTION OF SEEDS OF GRAPEVINE ON THE GROWTH POWER IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE SOUTHERN COAST OF CRIMEA

abstract 1331709018 issue 133 pp. 196 – 205 30.11.2017 ru 82
The influence of growth, its ripened part and the diameter of the vine at the base of the shoot on the growth power of 922 seedlings of 55 combinations of crosses in 2011 and 2012 was studied (planting scheme 3 x 1 m), seedlings of grapes of the second and third years of vegetation in the field conditions of the Southern coast of Crimea. The mean vine maturation for all populations was 64.7%, the diameter at the base of the shoots was 3.3 mm. After pruning to reverse growth, in the third year of vegetation of seedlings (2014), the length of growth of shoots increased significantly and the average for populations it became 73.3 cm. The coefficient of variation increased, 26%, - it acquired the character of a significant deviation from the general population. This happened because the seedlings, which had a vine growth less than 25 cm in the second year of vegetation, had a growth of only 35 cm in the third year, whereas in all seedlings that had a growth of more than 30 cm, in the following year shoots increased almost 1, 5 and 2 times more. Formulas are proposed for estimating the growth force of seedlings according to the 9-score scale OIV (OIV)
Life Sciences
21 articles
369 kb

RESOURCE - SAVING TECHNOLOGIES OF GROWING CORN IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE WESTERN CISCAUCASIA

abstract 1381804011 issue 138 pp. 37 – 59 30.04.2018 ru 17
In the article we consider various technologies of growing corn for grain with application of various backgrounds of soil fertility, fertilizer norms, system of plant protection from weeds, pests and diseases with the recommended soil cultivation
420 kb

ECONOMIC AND BIOENERGY ASSESSMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF WINTER WHEAT CULTIVATION IN THE CENTRAL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1381804012 issue 138 pp. 60 – 77 30.04.2018 ru 22
The article presents the results of bio-energetic and economic evaluation of alternative technologies for cultivation of winter wheat, developed in long-term stationary experiments at Kuban State Agrarian University. We study the effect of four factors on the productivity of winter wheat, quality of soil, fertilizers system, systems of soil tillage and systems of protection. We have processed the data for 7 technologies in two rotations of 11 fields grain-grass crop rotation in the Central part of the Krasnodar region on leached black soil of plains of the agricultural landscape. We have established, in the first crop rotation, on the example of varieties of Batyka and Krasnodarskaya 99, that there were changes in costs of production, net profit and the cost of 1 centner of grain, depending on the technology, and the comparative evaluation of bioenergy impact of alternative technologies of winter wheat cultivation to consumption energy costs total energy. We have calculated ratio net of efficiency depending on the technology of cultivation of winter wheat. On the basis of economic and bioenergetic calculations for farms with different level of economy we have proposed an alternative technology: for economically strong, economically average, economically weak farms and for farms located in protected areas where is prohibited the use of chemicals. Thus, producers have a choice of alternative technologies of winter wheat, which will contribute to maximizing profits and obtaining competitive products
348 kb

AGROBIOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF CONVEYOR PRODUCTION OF WATERMELON IN THE "IP EROKHINA E. A." COMPANY IN THE TEMRYUK DISTRICT

abstract 1381804017 issue 138 pp. 78 – 90 30.04.2018 ru 22
Watermelon has great economic importance. The fruits have high nutritional and medicinal value, excellent taste, very healthy and are in great demand among the population. Soil and climatic conditions of the Temryuk district are favourable for growing watermelon. High yield and excellent fruit quality in the commercial led to the popularity of the Temryuk watermelon not only on the black sea coast, but also throughout Russia. The urgency of improving the assortment of the watermelon is increased competition among manufacturers, increasing consumer culture of the population, the increase in sales volumes, including due to the appearance on the market of varieties and hybrids of non-traditional colors of bark and pulp. The aim of our study was to establish the most adapted hybrids of watermelon of different segments, with high yield and marketability of fruits, which are promising for growing in the Temryuk district. Scientific novelty of our work lead to the research objects – new, recently created hybrids of watermelon, promising for cultivation in the Krasnodar region. The work has great practical significance, since on the basis of these studies identified promising hybrids of watermelon foreign seeds of various segments of the precocity, which with appropriate cultivation agrobiological and economic points of view
Life Sciences
20 articles
1070 kb

AGGLOMERATIVE COGNITIVE CLUSTERING OF NOSOLOGICAL IMAGES IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

abstract 1381804033 issue 138 pp. 122 – 139 30.04.2018 ru 7
The article deals with the similarity and difference of nosological images in veterinary medicine using a new method of agglomerative clustering implemented in Automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) on a small numerical example. This method is called Agglomerative cognitive clustering. This method differs from the known traditional facts: a) parameters of a generalized image of the cluster are computed not as averages from the original objects (classes) or their center of gravity, and are defined using the same underlying cognitive operations of ASC-analysis, which is used for the formation of generalized images of the classes on the basis of examples of objects and which is really correct and provides a synthesis; b) as a criterion of similarity we do not use Euclidean distance or its variants, and the integral criterion of non-metric nature: "the total amount of information", the use of which is theoretically correct and gives good results in non-orthonormal spaces, which are usually found in practice; c) cluster analysis is not based on the original variables, matrices of frequency or a matrix of similarities (differences) dependent on the measurement units of the axes, and in the cognitive space in which all the axes (descriptive scales) use the same unit of measurement: the quantity of information, and therefore, the clustering results do not depend on the original units of measurement features. All this makes it possible to obtain clustering results that are understandable to specialists and can be interpreted in a meaningful way that is in line with experts' assessments, their experience and intuitive expectations, which is often a problem for classical clustering methods
314 kb

METHOD OF SELECTION OF QUAILS

abstract 1381804034 issue 138 pp. 140 – 148 30.04.2018 ru 30
The article is devoted to the method of selecting quails. Intensive development of re-fishing requires the development of breeding methods for selecting birds and to carry out early predictions of egg production. Targeted breeding selection is able to influence the mechanisms of correlation dependencies between individual parts of the animal's organism, significantly change even firmly established interrelations, and create new interactions more satisfying the needs of the individual. The research task consisted of establishing links between the parameters of the skeleton and the productive qualities of the layers. The studies were conducted on Texas white quails. We took into account the live weight of the bird, the length of the metatarsal and the third finger, as well as the small and large diameters of the metatarsal. Correlations were established between the length of the pelvic limbs and the live weight of young quails during growth. It is established that the growth of the skeleton ends with the age of onset of puberty. This provides a basis for predicting the live weight, depending on the length of the pelvic extremities. It is established that the live mass is directly related to the egg productivity of quails. Thus, by selecting the birds with the longest plus, it makes it possible for 25 weeks of productivity to increase the egg laying on the initial layer by 5,7 eggs and 6,2 eggs per average laying hen, respectively
331 kb

CORRECTION OF HOMEOSTASIS OF THE ORGANISM OF LARGE CATTLE AT THE NODULAR DERMATITIS

abstract 1381804035 issue 138 pp. 149 – 159 30.04.2018 ru 29
We have studied biochemical changes in the body of cattle, sick with nodular dermatitis in the initial stage of the clinical manifestation of the disease. It is proved that in case of disease in animals there is a significant increase in the level of creatinine up to 295.5 mg%. The excess of the norm by 82.1%. In treatment, this indicator was significantly reduced (189.2 mg%), but did not reach the upper limits of the norm (162.4 mg%). In the blood serum of patients, the carotene content was reduced to 0.09 mg%, which was restored to normal three days after the start of treatment (1.0 mg%). The glucose level at the beginning of the disease was 18% below normal and reached the lower limit of the norm 8 hours after the start of treatment. When studying the activity of CKK, it was found that the activity of the enzyme in animals before the introduction of a 5% solution of sodium hydrogencarbonate is 82% higher than the upper limit of the norm. After the treatment, this indicator returned to normal. The inorganic phosphorus index did not reach the physiological norm (2.5 mmol / l) before and after treatment, and remained 11.6% higher (2.9 mmol / l), which indicates a violation of mineral metabolism in sick animals. The level of reserve alkalinity began to recover after 8 hours of observation and reached a minimum limit of 48.91 vol. % CO2. During the entire period of the experimental studies, before and after the administration of the drug, there were no significant changes in the biochemical parameters of total protein, calcium, vitamin E and urea. The nature of the established changes varied within the limits of physiological norms. The use of a 5% solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate in nodular dermatitis increases the effectiveness of symptomatic treatment, reduces the likelihood of complications and stimulates the production of specific antibodies against viruses and bacteria. We have recommended intravenous injection of 5% sodium hydrogencarbonate solution to sick animals at the rate of 1 ml per 1 kg of live weight of the animal three times with an interval of 3 days
Social Sciences and Humanities
114 articles
120 kb

THE STUDENT OF THE CHECHEN-INGUSH STATE PEDAGOGICAL / TEACHER TRAINING INSTITUTE - ALEXEY BIDYN – THE PARTICIPANT OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

abstract 1331709011 issue 133 pp. 115 – 123 30.11.2017 ru 151
The article attempts to study the participation of student of the Chechen-Ingush state pedagogical / teacher training Institute A. N. Medina in the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945, to gather biographical information about him
114 kb

PROBLEMS OF RESTORATION OF NATIONAL AUTONOMIES OF REPRESSED PEOPLES

abstract 1331709025 issue 133 pp. 301 – 309 30.11.2017 ru 179
The article attempts to highlight the problems of restoring the autonomies of the repressed peoples of Russia during the Great Patriotic War. Karachais, Kalmyks, Chechens, Ingush, Balkars and other peoples were forcibly relocated to the eastern regions of the country, and their autonomies were abolished. And only after the death of Stalin began the process of softening the special settlement regime for deported peoples. However, the decisive role was played by the 20th Congress of the Party, held in February 1956. At a closed meeting of the congress, the eviction of peoples, NS. Khrushchev called "a gross violation of the national policy of the Soviet state." The Twentieth Party Congress proposed reviving the illegally abolished national autonomies of repressed peoples. Public condemnation of mass repressions against the peoples of the North Caucasus was of great importance for the fate of deported ethnic groups, facilitated a number of measures to restore justice
150 kb

ETHNIC BUSINESS REGULATION FORMS: UDNP/ GEF PROJECTS AS AN INFORMATION SOURCE

abstract 1331709058 issue 133 pp. 760 – 770 30.11.2017 ru 125
Ethnic minorities’ traditional forms of economy and business are the object of a research. The common law norms in the sphere of traditional environmental management has included in researches subject domain. The list of the representative and verified sources of ethnological examinations and regional ethnological monitoring definition was the purpose of the conducted research. Assessment of information importance of the working documentation and printed materials, which had formed at United Nations Development Program (UDNP) implementation in the territory of the Russian Federation is carried out. Experience of implementation of the PROON/GEF project "Preservation of a biodiversity in the Russian part of the Altai-Sayansk ecoregion" (2006-2012)" is given as an example. The program covered six territorial subjects of the Russian Federation, all “native’s societies, referred to category "indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East", tens of national public associations and research groups. The attention is focused on the projects directed on ethnological monitoring organization and on the interaction system between the autochthonic population, municipal authorities, wildlife refuge and national parks management. The problems of rural settlement population connected with alternative (traditional) employment forms development have been lifted also. The plots connected with the common law norms place in the sphere of ethnic business definition have been considered on the basis of office work sources analysis. Common law norms were considered as the traditional communication systems and as the social regulato
Social Sciences and Humanities
1725 articles
119 kb

INFORMATION THEORY AND COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN MANAGEMENT OF THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE REGION THROUGH INVESTMENTS IN AGRIBUSINESS

abstract 1331709001 issue 133 pp. 1 – 7 30.11.2017 ru 122
The quality of life of the population of the region is an important integral criterion of estimation of efficiency of activity of regional administration. The most important strategic sector of the economy of the Krasnodar region is the agro-industrial complex (AIC). This poses the problem of management of the quality of life of the region through the use of as the control factor of the volume and direction of investment in agriculture
137 kb

MANAGING A SUSTAINABLE COMPANY DEVELOPMENT: ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS

abstract 1331709004 issue 133 pp. 30 – 39 30.11.2017 ru 79
This article proposes the creation of a cluster of breweries, which aims to unite the efforts of the brewing manufacturers that allow the participants to improve the effectiveness of the functioning of the common sharing of resources, to ensure the growth of competitive advantages, find sales channels not only at regional, but also on foreign markets. At the same time, they are able to provide a higher level of efficiency, balance and handling of the economy. Increased efficiency is achieved by increasing the productivity of labor, the creation of common infrastructure (information, supply and marketing, etc.). Access to foreign markets and empower consumers to search for products from waste breweries. A method of utilization of brewery waste in landfills is the simplest, but from the standpoint of environmental and material component is not effective, so the re-use, recycling of waste and byproducts can not only remove the threat of environmental pollution, but also to significant income processor of this waste. But for the purchase, installation of the necessary equipment, training a person, the necessary skills to work with non-waste production cash costs are required, which not every company can invest. Thus, the use of the cluster approach in a business combination for interest in the use of secondary (low-waste) production, the introduction of resource-saving, "green" technologies determined by the specifics of the cluster, namely, give the enterprises belonging to it, effect is expressed in the increasing environmental and economic sustainability and the competitiveness of the entire system as compared to the individual business entities
138 kb

RUSSIA'S FOREIGN TRADE POLICY AS THE BASIS FOR DEEPENING THE INTEGRATION IN THE EAEU

abstract 1331709005 issue 133 pp. 40 – 49 30.11.2017 ru 119
The theme of the development of trade relations within the regional associations is currently very relevant. The presented article examines the indicators characterizing the dynamics of Russia's exports and imports with other members of the Eurasian Economic Union. The structure of export and import of the EAEU countries with third countries is studied. The most perspective directions of Russia's foreign trade policy aimed at deepening integration within the framework of the EAEU are analyzed. Trade trends in the EAEU are analyzed in detail. The reasons for the reduction in the supply of goods to Russia from some of the countries of the Unified Energy System are revealed: economic instability, the depreciation of the Russian ruble against the US dollar, high inflation and a decline in the purchasing power of the Russian population. The negative and positive impact on the trade turnover of Russia of the devaluation of its national currency is assessed. Particular attention is paid to the impact of mutual Russian-Western sanctions on trade relations in the EAEU. The authors conclude that stimulating the development of trade relations between the EAEU countries should become one of the priority directions of the economic policies of the member countries, since it has a special significance for strengthening economic ties and bringing the economies of the EAEU economies closer to the level of development
Social Sciences and Humanities
101 articles
135 kb

ABOUT A QUESTION OF DEVELOPMENT OF MICRO-, MACRO- AND MEGAWORLD IN THE POSTNONCLASSIC ONTOLOGY

abstract 1331709012 issue 133 pp. 124 – 133 30.11.2017 ru 142
In the article, we discuss a possible institutionalization of postnonclassic ontology. It is shown that the nonlinearity, deterministic chaos, fractality phenomena change classic views on possible forms of existence, cause of nature. The work discusses conceptual foundations of the particle physics. This theme is examined in connection with problem of logical and philosophical analysis of physical language and its usage in cognitive procedures. The article refines the modern model of three-component structure of the Universe on the basis of post-nonclassical consideration of the Universe. Features of synergetic as interdisciplinary scientific direction, the concept of a universal evolutionism, value of information in nature development are discussed. Methodological basis of the process of integration of scientific knowledge is the interdisciplinary direction of the research which important component is the synergetic. It plays an important role in the concept of coevolution realization which considers mutual relation of the person and the nature, the micro- and the megaworld. The article demonstrates that having revealed the laws of functioning of complexly evolutionizing, nonlinear systems, synergetic thus posed the fundamental questions of both epistemological and ideological and value nature. Conceptual shifts occurring in cognition open up the new sides in the interpretation of not just order and disorder but also the categories they generate
163 kb

DYNAMICS OF LIBERAL IDEOLOGIES IN POSTMODERN PERIOD

abstract 1331709089 issue 133 pp. 1179 – 1192 30.11.2017 ru 127
The article considers the main point of liberal ideology, its spontaneous connection with ideas of Enlightenment, reasons of victory of liberalism over ideological competitors. The factors, which water down the integrity of liberalism in present conditions of the Enlightenment, are analyzed, the main trends of modern modification of liberalism (libertarianism, agonal liberalism, Kantian liberalism) are considered. There were determined the possible perspectives of liberalism as a world-view in limits of which there were stated the strong positions of liberalism as a practical rootedness as well as the high popularity of ideas of Enlightenment in scientific communities
138 kb

HERMENEUTICITY OF PHILOSOPHY

abstract 1311707074 issue 131 pp. 904 – 913 29.09.2017 ru 303
The article reveals the thought of hermeneuticity of philosophy by its nature and methods of exposition. Philosophy is not technical, but personal. The study of personal philosophy is impossible without studying the life journey of the philosopher, considering the constitution of his soul and mind. Philosophy always contains a hidden sense that needs to be deployed. It proves the necessity of transition in teaching philosophy to the position of hermeneutics. Insight of philosophy should be sought in education. Only in a condition of insight does man find the direction of his life, reach the fullness of his being. The skill of philosophizing is available only to those who can talk with questions. Sense is born in a "live" dialogue. Asking about the known for the purpose of discovering the unknown sides of the object is the difference between philosophical thinking. Philosophical problematic is diverse and contradictory, and therefore, the existential purpose of philosophy, in the opinion of the authors, is self-interrogation. And philosophical questions do not always require an answer. Philosophical questions do not disappear anywhere; questions are more important than answers. Questions serve as symbols of constant movement and changeability. Uniformity and sameness is not inherent in philosophy. Philosophy is personal, original and impulsive, does not allow invariant judgments. Philosophy should be studied only using a philosophical method
Social Sciences and Humanities
229 articles
123 kb

THE FUNCTIONS OF PROPER NAMES IN LANGUAGE FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES (LSP)

abstract 1331709009 issue 133 pp. 82 – 90 30.11.2017 ru 209
In any language there are such lexico-grammatical categories of nouns as proper names and common names. This fact is explained with the speaker’s desire to differentiate homogeneous subjects to individual and unique subjects. Both has their own purpose. Functions and aims. Being one of the subsystem of national language, language for special purposes provides the professional communication of people in scientific, production and technical spheres. But compare with a common language, language for special purposes is more laconic and is limited with lexis of researched scientific part. A common language in a process of communication transfer intellectual and emotional information; in fiction there is also esthetic information, but language for special purposes transfer only intellectual information. So synonyms, homonyms and tropes are strange for language for special purposes. Naturally, the forms of Proper names and their role are restricted. The emotional sphere depends on the approval of the author (denotate). So, the emotions and estimation depend on the content not a form of the language
141 kb

REVIEW OF THE CONCEPTS OF DISCOURSE ANALYSIS (THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS)

abstract 1331709084 issue 133 pp. 1156 – 1165 30.11.2017 ru 87
The article provides the review of the main concepts of discourse analysis, proceeding from a theoretical and practical criterion. The approaches to the analysis of discourse are realized in the models, which enable to carry out a productive research of different types of a discourse, and are generalized in a diachronical aspect. Among them, one can find the concepts which go back to "dialogical aesthetics" of M.M. Bakhtin and the views of the French school of discourse analysis. The conclusion about the efficiency of integrative approach is drawn
136 kb

INDEPENDENT WORK OF TECHNICAL UNIVERSITIES STUDENTS AS ONE OF THE FACTORS OF SUCCESSFUL MASTERING OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE

abstract 1331709091 issue 133 pp. 1209 – 1219 30.11.2017 ru 135
When studying any subject the efficiency of a material understanding depends upon the correctly organized independent work of students. Students must do consolidation of the material studied in class independently, taking into consideration the specialty of a foreign language, its technical direction and a communicative aspect. When students’ independent work is organized correctly, they have the opportunity to develop all types of speech activity – reading, speaking, writing and listening, developing in this way the level of the students’ communicative competence. And this is the key aim of a foreign language teaching
Social Sciences and Humanities
19 articles
444 kb

INVESTIGATION OF CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF RUNOFF FLOODS AND FLOODS IN 2017 AND THE FORECAST OF FLOODS ON RIVERS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706002 issue 130 pp. 56 – 67 30.06.2017 ru 290
An analysis was made of the conditions for the formation of runoff floods and floods in river watersheds, which is an important part of the assessment of water and resource potential in floods in river basins. The article proves that in order to protect the territories from flooding in river basins, it is necessary to know the climatic and anthropogenic factors, the hydraulic regime of rivers, the relief of the terrain, the engineering-geological and hydrological conditions for the formation of floods and floods. The forecast of parameters and levels of emergency caused by the spring-summer flood of 2017 is fulfilled. The practical focus of the study is the possibility of developing recommendations for the justification of measures to fight floods
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 537
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
166 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1241610094 issue 124 pp. 1428 – 1438 30.12.2016 ru 533
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and Russia, such as charter programs to Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
Social Sciences and Humanities
364 articles
155 kb

FORMATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INSTITUTE OF CRIMINAL COMPLAINT IN THE RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN CRIMINAL PROCESS

abstract 1331709023 issue 133 pp. 275 – 287 30.11.2017 ru 188
This article examines the formation and development of Institute of a criminal case in the Russian and foreign criminal proceedings. There was a difference between the formation and development of the institution stage of a criminal case in Russia and in foreign countries. There is an emphasis on substantive legislation, which is the formation and development of the institution of criminal proceedings in Russia, England, USA, Germany and France
130 kb

COMPLEX USE OF THE RECORDS FOR IDENTIFICATION OF A PERSON

abstract 1331709046 issue 133 pp. 601 – 611 30.11.2017 ru 94
In the article, the authors point out that the investigator plays a key role in the criminal investigation process, he independently directs the criminal investigation, takes decisions on the case, collects, verifies and evaluates the evidence. While performing his functions he is actively assisted by the staff of expert criminalistic units. However, in practice, not all investigators take full advantage of the opportunities provided by these units. It is quite true concerning the forensic records, the possibilities of which are extremely poorly used in the investigation of crimes. At the same time, the authors emphasize that modern forensic records also face a lot of problems, the solution of which he sees in their complex use in the identification process of a person. This problem can be solved if the following conditions are met: integration, unification, automation of forensic records (database of surname cards with appearance descriptions) and improvement of the legal regulation of the activities of the entities that keep and use these records
134 kb

ENFORCEMENT OF THE RIGHTS OF THE MINORITY OF ACCUSED ATTENDING THE MATERIALS OF THE CRIMINAL CASE

abstract 1331709062 issue 133 pp. 812 – 822 30.11.2017 ru 150
The article explores the problems, acquaintance with the materials of the criminal case of a minor accused in the aspect of ensuring his rights as a defender and legal representative. With a view to the proper legal regulation of this procedure, it is proposed to establish a procedure for the joint familiarization with the criminal case file of counsel and the legal representative of a minor accused in the norms of the Code of Criminal Procedure, as well as the procedure for compulsory participation of a legal representative of a juvenile accused while acquainting himself with all materials of the criminal case
Social Sciences and Humanities
270 articles
551 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DISTANCE COURSE IN THE MOODLE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

abstract 1331709030 issue 133 pp. 365 – 378 30.11.2017 ru 221
Presently, the problem of carrying into effect of distance technologies in higher education is becoming more urgent. The article analyzes various software products with the help of which a distance course can be developed, and the stages of its development are described. The choice of modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment Moodle as a system for organizing distance courses in higher education is founded. There are described not only the advantages of Moodle learning environment, but also the drawback which is connected with the impossibility to identify a user that requires additional use of information technologies. There are also regarded the methodical and technical features of the distance learning course development in this learning environment. A particular attention is paid to the interactive coordination of the teacher and students, which is realized by creating a chat or forum for convenient and fast exchange of messages between users, besides, the teacher has the possibility to monitor the work of students not only offering control and test tasks, but also determining the deadline for the assignment to be fulfilled, the possibility of a repeated access to correct errors. There is presented the experience of developing a distance course in the Moodle study environment at the Priamursky State University for the discipline "Theory of Probability and Mathematical Statistics"
106 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN THINKING OF BACHELORS AS A WAY OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES FORMATION

abstract 1331709049 issue 133 pp. 653 – 659 30.11.2017 ru 154
The article reveals the problem of inconsistency of modern professional education structure of the labor market needs. The considered possibility of formation of professional competence of bachelors of design through the development of personal qualities in the design activity. The authors propose a solution to the problem, which is to focus University education on the formation of the model competence designer. The concept design represents the art and design work based on advanced design thinking, which is based on creative thinking and practical skills, backed up by self-organization of personality. Competence includes knowledge, skills, abilities, personal qualities and under certain conditions, these categories may be considered from the standpoint of professional competence. The authors mean by the methods of formation of professional competence of certain techniques and ways of interacting of the teacher and the bachelors of design in project activities that conform to the competence approach in education aimed at the formation and development of social, communicative, professional and other qualities of the person. This allows students more fully realized in modern socio-economic conditions. In the modern educational process by preparation of bachelors of design the authors identify methods of activization of educational activity, organization of independent work and research activity of students, as most conducive to the formation of common cultural and professional competences of future designers
136 kb

HIGHER SCHOOL ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT AS THE REALIZING FACTOR FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENT MOBILITY (experience of international activity of North Caucasus Federal University)

abstract 1331709066 issue 133 pp. 873 – 882 30.11.2017 ru 216
Under consideration is the international experience of NCFU in developing student mobility via French resource center. Today, in the era of globalization, student academic mobility is the integral part of the process of integrating higher education establishment into common European educational framework. Emphasis is made on the academic environment as an important factor of realizing international student mobility. Tendencies towards open academic environments set up new possibilities for academic exchanges both with foreign and Russian – based academic establishments. Thus, we can talk both about inner and outer student and teacher mobility, which is realized individually as well as on the institutional level. Conclusion is made that academic exchanges can be viewed upon as means of developing and renewing higher school educational programmers in Russia. This can eliminate exclusiveness of Russian educational system; pave the way for obtaining recognition of its educational programs; secure transparency and acknowledgment of competences and qualifications to raise student mobility and competition of Russian educational programs in the world market of educational services. The experience of NCFU in developing international activity discussed in the article illustrates the theoretical base of the research because empiric data well integrates into the framework of academic mobility
Health Sciences
47 articles
157 kb

PSEUDOEXFOLIATION SYNDROME AS A RISK FACTOR FOR CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION

abstract 1311707088 issue 131 pp. 1067 – 1075 29.09.2017 ru 295
The retrospective study of patients with retinal vein occlusion and frequency of pseudoexfoliation syndrome is made in this study. Retinal vein occlusion is the second most common type of retinal vascular disorder, after diabetic retinal disease, and may develop with a consequent reduction in visual acuity. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is an age-related disease characterized by the production and accumulation of a fibrillar extracellular material in several ocular tissues We have analyzed data of 73 patients with retinal vein occlusion. It was detected that risk of central vein occlusion is higher in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (23,3% of patients were diagnosed as having pseudoexfoliation syndrome). In the branch retinal vein occlusion group only 9,3% of patients had pseudoexfoliation syndrome. In control group only 8,6% of patients had this syndrome. Control group was made of 80 patients similar in age without any retinal and cardiovascular abnormalities, patients with episodes of ocular hypertension, glaucoma, and those who had undergone cataract surgery were excluded from the study. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome may be considered as an independent risk factor for development of central retinal vein occlusion
1038 kb

PATHOLOGY OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AT PERSONNEL OF COMMERCIAL FLEET

abstract 1291705003 issue 129 pp. 37 – 46 31.05.2017 ru 320
It is known that there are most widespread the diseases of cardiovascular system among the examined seamen. We have carried out the analysis of distribution of concrete nosological forms of pathology of cardiovascular system and concomitant diseases (gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, ENT organs, the musculoskeletal apparatus and others). Results of preventive screening of the crew personnel performed in 2007–2010 by medical commission of Novorossiysk clinical center of Russia’s Federal Medico-Biological Agency were subject to scientific research. 3352 seamen aged from 18 to 60 years (middle age 27,2+1,3 years), among which 2627 surveyed – personnel of bluewater shipping, 725 surveyed – personnel of domestic shipping have been subjected to studying. The examined contingent is ranged taking into account professional groups. It is revealed that cardiovascular pathology is almost equally widespread in all professional groups of personnel of ships of domestic and blue-water shipping. This pathology occurs at 13,5–21% of the seamen corresponding who had medical examination. The main group of the examined seamen (79–96,7%) belongs to the category «almost healthy» and suitable for work in the sea. Among revealed pathology at seamen, the high specific weight (63– 70%) belongs to diseases of cardiovascular system. Probable intensive work and harmful factors of the ship environment in each of professional groups exert significant negative impact on psychic and somatic health of seamen. Neurocirculator dystonia (hypertensive and cardio types) dominates in structure of cardiovascular pathology registered at seamen of both professional groups. The associated diseases (71–82%) meet more often at persons with hypertension, manifesting forms of atherosclerosis and ischemic disease. In both groups, we have noted the high percent of violations of digestive tract, musculoskeletal apparatus, alimentary and constitutional obesity and eyesight. However, alimentary and constitutional obesity and diseases of musculoskeletal apparatus are most characteristic of the personnel of ships performing long maritime traffic. Obviously, this phenomenon is connected with hypodynamia
146 kb

THE ROLE OF THE TRANSCRIPTION AND ANGIOGENESIS FACTORS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF PURULENT POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH ORAL MUCOSA CANCER

abstract 1281704023 issue 128 pp. 330 – 341 28.04.2017 ru 360
While studying the content of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor in the tumor tissue, oral fluid and peripheral blood of 141 patients with oral mucosa cancer T1-3N0-2M0, it was shown that the development of purulent inflammatory postoperative complications in patients with oral mucosa cancer is associated with an increased expression of HIF-1α in the tissue and its translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, activation of the neoangiogenesis processes. It is informative to determine HIF-1α factor in the blood serum, which, for further development, can be used as a non-invasive diagnostic marker to predict the postoperative course in this category of patients
Health Sciences
83 articles
158 kb

THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BASIS FOR THE USE OF INJECTION HEPATOPROTECTORS IN THE PROPHYLACTICS OF LIVER DISEASES IN COWS

abstract 1321708027 issue 132 pp. 335 – 345 31.10.2017 ru 212
The use of intensive milk production technologies in practice, nonobservance of the principles of feeding and keeping animals leads to a decrease in the level of compensatory-regenerative processes in the body, violation of general and specific metabolic reactions, emergence of a number of pathological conditions, and, primarily, hepatopathies leading to a decrease in the productivity of dairy cattle, to the birth of unviable young animals and to the impossibility of their further exploitation. Therefore, on the background of early diagnosis of violations of the liver it is necessary to conduct adequate pharmacoprophylaxis, which prevents further development of hepatopathies with the help of hepatoprotectors. These preparations include a new injectable one – livazen, the mechanism of action of which works due to its antioxidant and membrane-stabilizing action. The preparation has a lipotropic effect, favorably affects the antitoxic and pigmentary function of liver, and increases resistance to hypoxia and various kinds of intoxication. Research conducted to study its effect in the system of prophylactic measures of hepatosis in sterile cows showed that on the background of the use of lavazen there was a significant increase in total protein by 16,6% and increase in albumins - by 13,8%. The level of γ-globulins, on the contrary, decreased by 20,9%. The study of the preparation had a normalizing effect on lipid metabolism, which was manifested by an increase in the concentration of triglycerides in 3,1 times and increase in cholesterol by 24,7%. An increase in the concentration of calcium by 14,5% was also found out. The use of livazen allowed to ensure a tendency towards a decrease in enzyme activity (according to AST - by 6,9%, by ALT - by 24,4%, according to alkaline phosphatase - by 11,6%), in contrast to control animals whose aspartate aminotransferase increased by 11,3% from the initial; ultrasonography of liver of cows confirmed the expressed effectiveness of the pharmacoprophylaxis
171 kb

THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMPOSITION OF MICROORGANISMS, WHICH WERE ISOLATED FROM NEWBORN CALVES AND PIGLETS AT ACUTE INTESTINAL DISEASES

abstract 1321708058 issue 132 pp. 728 – 741 31.10.2017 ru 139
One of the reasons extensions acute intestinal diseases in newborn calves and piglets is absence at them of formed immune system and colonization resistance. For this reason, their intestine often occupies relative pathogenic microorganisms, which in the subsequent cause diarrheal diseases. The characteristic feature of the last time is the fact that these diseases have the associated disposition and composition of association can be the most various but not only biological objects (for calves and piglets), and also territorial borders. The goal of this work was in comparative study of the structure microorganisms, which were isolated from newborn calves and piglets at acute intestinal diseases in Krasnodar territory and the establishment of the dominant species. During the bacteriologic examination of pathological material was detach and finger 1299 isolate calves and 476 from piglets which was found to belonged to 6 families: Enterobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Enterococcaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Alcaligenaceae, Alteromonadaceae. Studies have shown that dominant logic value in nosological profile of the allocated bacteria belongs to enterobacterium, enterococcus, streptococcus, the share of which in the general pool of isolates has made 70,1%, 15,9% and 11,1%, respectively. At the same time among the enterobacterium detached as from calves, and pigs, the prevailing species was E. coli (55,6%), streptococcus – S. bovis (24,9%), enterococcus – E. faecium and E. faecalis (88,3%). Meanwhile, along with the general character of frequency separation of certain types of bacteria, also their specific preference is set. That why from calves there were more often selected enterobacter, citrobacter, kluyvera, E. faecalis, S. cricetus, S. mitior, S. parauberis and P. aeruginosa. Whereas from pigs more often were allocated protei, providencia, shigella, E. mundtii, E. casseliflavus, S. acidominimus, S. oralis, S. pneumoniae, S. vestibularis и Alcaligenes fecalis than from pigs
164 kb

SECONDARY IMMUNODEFICIENCIES OF SMALL PETS AND THEIR CORRECTION USING MURAMYLDIPEPTIDE

abstract 1311707049 issue 131 pp. 559 – 571 29.09.2017 ru 229
The revolutionary discoveries of recent years in immunology has proved that protection from infections and biological aggression leading role played by innate immunity, which leads to the launch and subsequent work of specific adaptive immunity. Today, it is well-known that almost any pathology of the animal affects the immune system and creates an immune imbalance, leading to development of chronic pathological process, frequent relapses and to the development of different kind of complications. Secondary immunodeficiency states are widely distributed and differ in many etiological factors age, nutritional, medicinal, infectious and neoplastic nature, which leads to increased susceptibility of animal to various раthogenic factors, the weakening of the body. Awareness of the role of immunological disorders in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases has led to the need use in veterinary medicines that are aimed to influence on the immune system of the animal at the known molecular mechanism, to combine safety with high clinical efficacy. In this respect, a promising immunomodulators of microbial origin, due to the knowledge of the recognition mechanisms of the innate immune system such as bacteria as a whole, separate structural units, including mini-optimal biologically active fragments. This review is dedicated to one of the immunomodulator of microbial origin – which is an analog of biologically active fragment of muramyldipeptide of bacterial cell walls ‒ glucosaminylmuramildipeptide (GMDP), which is the active substance of registrated in Russia drug with the trade name Glicopin for use in veterinary practice. The drug showed high efficiency when used in cats, dogs, rodents, ferrets with infections of bacterial and viral etiology; cancer; with the aim of improving the natural resistance of the organism of young and old animals; enhance the effectiveness of vaccination in immunocompromised animals; postvaccine reduce complications; reduce stress financial position, such as during transportation and various veterinary treatments; injuries and on-line intervention (for stimulation of repair processes and tissue regeneration); prevention of immunodeficiency in newborn animals; the reduction of postpartum involutional processes in the uterus. Analysis of literature data allows us to consider an important outcome of immunologiс discoveries of recent years is the change of views on the question of the treatment of infectious diseases and the role of drugs as activators of innate immunity, among which an important role is played by a synthetic analogue of muramyldipeptide (GMDP) is a drug with a known molecular mechanism of action
Social Sciences and Humanities
15 articles
548 kb

PIANO CONCERTO “ТHE ELEGANCE OF SPRING” BY DU MINGXIN: FIGURATIVE SYSTEM, MAIN STYLE LINES

abstract 1321708013 issue 132 pp. 156 – 175 31.10.2017 ru 141
The article is devoted to history of creation of the piano Chinese concert – “Тhe elegance of spring” by Du Mingxin. On the basis of the biography of the composer reconstructed by the author of article on materials interviewed by him and to other sources, the history of emergence of the Concert is recreated. The short characteristic of contents and the theoretical analysis of the main means of expression and composition of all three parts is given. It is established that the first part is written in the form of sonata Allegro with a mirror reprise and a masterly large-scale cadence in it, the second part – an irregular three-part shape with an episode and the final – shining the rondeau sonata. In the conclusion, it is emphasized that Du Mingxin has created the work, national on contents and intonation, on the basis of the European classical canons. National it is embodied first of all through attitude, intonation, the rhythmic drawing. Among a big complex of conclusions, the paramount role of traditions of S. Rachmaninov is especially noted. In his piano concerts, expressive opportunities of east music, first of all mode and intonation, are embodied with unique art perfection. In Du Mingxin's Concert classical balance between a ratio of parties of the soloist and orchestra is reached. The invoice of party of the pianist is masterly, rich with lyrical melodies, the pair structure of orchestra is fully used. “Тhe elegance of spring” – a concert competition of equal creative sizes
238 kb

GOGOLEANA IN THE RUSSIAN MUSIC OF THE XI--XXIST CENTURIES

abstract 1321708075 issue 132 pp. 965 – 985 31.10.2017 ru 146
The article is devoted to the panoramic historical review of works by N. Gogol's plots in the Russian music. The overall historical picture of development of the Gogol direction in musical theater and in other genres is created. In the XIXth century the history of process is traced from the moment of his formation – in 1840 - 1850, from A. Verstovsky, A. Serov, M. Glinka's unrealized plans, etc. The culmination falls on the last quarter of the century when there are P. Tchaikovsky, N. Rimsky-Korsakov, N. Lysenko's operas, unfinished operas by M. Mussorgsky. The conclusion is drawn that for the XIXth century the appeal to Gogol's poetic images, his fantasy, national images and household humour is characteristic. The XX century opens a new stage in development of a musical gogoleana. On the example of works of D. Shostakovich, Yu. Butsko, N. Kuznetsov, R. Shchedrin, A. Schnittke and young composers – S. Nesterova, A. Bespalova, V. Kruglik it is shown that the main lines of the Russian gogoleana of this time are connected with the appeal to Gogol's realism, his social accusatory satire, the embodiment of a subject of "the slight person". The author of article comes to a conclusion that works on Gogol's plots are a perspective and considerable direction in the Russian music. In the conclusion on the example of the oratorio " Hear, my God, my voice" V. Dovgan it is suggested that in the XXIst century the new turn in the musical gogoleena - the embodiment of philosophical aspects and sacral aspirations of the writer is planned
2673 kb

WATERCOLORIST OLEG POMERANTSEV (1949-2012) AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE TRADITIONS OF REALISTIC ART. ARTISTIC IMAGE OF THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRILLOVSKOE IN WATERCOLORS AND GRAPHIC WORKS OF THE MASTER

abstract 1231609030 issue 123 pp. 433 – 456 30.11.2016 ru 620
The article tells about St. Petersburg distinctive watercolor painter, Oleg I. Pomerantsev (1949-2012). Master's career is inseparably linked with Russian realism. The artist acts as a successor of fundamental high artistic traditions of realistic art. Working in a landscape genre, Pomerantsev managed to create more than 500 paintings deep in a content and meaning. In his spare time Master developed his own techniques of watercolor art. The entire artist’s works were performed under his impression. He received inspiration on fishing trips, in woods and then at home master reproduced what he saw from memory. Most of his works are in private collections and galleries all around the world. Romantic landscapes of Oleg I. Pomerantsev affect by their transparency, complex color techniques and inexpressible atmosphere, full of air and light. Complex colour manners and inexpressible atmosphere full of air and light. Graphic works by the artist, executed in pencil on paper are very interesting too. Sometimes master was fond of drawing in details, so such works were not suitable for watercolors. In his watercolor works Pomerantsev did only hardly visible pencil drawing. The artist did not specialized in graphics so he ruled out his pencil sketches as unsuitable, but the wife of the artist has kept them. Watercolorist Oleg I. Pomerantsev is unknown to Russian art-critics. In view of that, the article was tasked to give for the first time an art rating to the artist’s creation, to make an art analysis of his works from the cycle "The Karelian isthmus" dedicated to the settlement of Kirillovskoe in Vyborg district. The study of creativity of Oleg Pomerantsev by professional critics will allow to expand qualitatively the history of watercolor painting of Russia
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 735
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 717
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 849
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
55 articles
181 kb

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN RELATING TO THE USE OF EGADGETS

abstract 1331709013 issue 133 pp. 134 – 150 30.11.2017 ru 170
The article considers the important aspect of the problem "Parent – child – e-gadget" for the study of the personality traits of children differing in the use of e-gadgets. These personality traits pertain to social and personal properties, to acquired gaming abilities, to elements of identity. The authors have highlighted the content of the terms used in the study of peculiarities of development of personal-social qualities of children. Methods developed by the authors for their empirical research are: the questionnaire "The Use of E-devices by Children", the expert survey "Socio-personal Characteristics of a Child", the monitoring "The Child's Ability to Play Egadgets," the expert survey "Elements of Identity of a Child". The study involved 78 children from six to seven years, pupils of preparatory groups of preschool educational institutions of the village Poltava (the Krasnodar region). Three groups of parents were identified that differ in norming of using a gadget by a baby: "Any gadget allowed" (42%), "Only one gadget allowed" (46%), "No gadgets allowed" (13%). The article presents the analysis of data of the empirical research of three groups of preschool children, depending on the level of norming of using e-gadgets by children. In conclusion, the authors identified personality traits (pertaining to social and personal properties, to acquired gaming abilities and elements of identity) of children differing in the use of e-gadgets
162 kb

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF WOMEN RAISING CHILDREN IN SINGLE PARENT FAMILIES

abstract 1321708067 issue 132 pp. 850 – 862 31.10.2017 ru 289
The present study explores personality traits of modern women raising children in two-parent and single-parent families, and specific aspects of their interaction with the children. The comparative analysis of family values, gender-related particularities and the level of subjective control of the mothers’ personality have been given. The differences in personal characteristics of mothers in the two groups of women under study have been determined. Mothers raising children in single-parent families are characterized by such family values as social activity, attractive appearance and the upbringing of children, whereas mothers in twoparent families turned out to rank the values of children upbringing and psychotherapeutic character of communication as most important. As compared to women in two-parent families, women in singleparent families demonstrate more often masculine and less feminine qualities. The specific aspects of interaction with children have been defined in relation to mothers in the groups under study. The interrelationship between the personal qualities of mothers and the nature of their interaction with children has been analyzed. Positive and negative aspects of the impact of personal qualities of the mothers on the stylistic peculiarities of their interaction with children
141 kb

THE CONTENT OF THE MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL QUALITIES, SKILLS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION, SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

abstract 1251701059 issue 125 pp. 856 – 866 31.01.2017 ru 434
The article is devoted to the development of basic children’s skills with disordered autism spectrum. There is a range of tasks that need to be addressed in the system of psychological and educational assistance to children in this category, which allows identifying problems and areas of work with these children. The theory of deviant development and autism spectrum disorders, the concept of the game as the leading activity of children of preschool age and mental structures formed in this type of activity; the role of the concept of physical education in the development of mental processes of preschool age children is the methodological basis of the research. The article presents a model of improving sensory perception of the world around skills, skills of gross and fine motor skills, communication and social development with children with disordered autism spectrum. The conceptual framework of the proposed model is system development of sensory, motor, social and communicative skills of the child through interactive physical games. The purposes, goals, pedagogical conditions of realization of the model are determined. The model consists of three parts: a target, process, control and evaluation. The first - the target includes the purpose, tasks, and pedagogical conditions of realization of the model. The second set of model is technology. It consists of 5 blocks: sensory development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication, and social skills. The implementation of the content of the second unit takes place by means of interactive physical games, game exercise. There are the aims, the content of each unit. The third block is the control and evaluation. The content of the work of the third block includes organizational and methodological activities to assess the level of development of basic skills in children with ASD. According to the results of diagnosis, routes of individual development of each child, as required mid-term evaluation is carried out and a change of formation of skills development route have been made
Social Sciences and Humanities
6 articles
316 kb

THE CHOICE OF ICE REMOVAL METHODS FROM ARTIFICIAL AERODROME PAVEMENTS ON THE BASIS OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS

abstract 1291705004 issue 129 pp. 47 – 61 31.05.2017 ru 376
The article describes the main methods of ice removal from artificial aerodrome pavements. Natural-climatic factors affecting the aerodrome pavement condition are analyzed and it is shown how flight safety depends on the pavement condition. The article also informs on the factors causing different kinds of ice formation on artificial aerodrome pavements and machine hours needed for their deicing. It touches upon the problem of the uncertainty factor consideration in the management of various systems, and considers decision-making criteria in the general theory of decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. The author offers the choice of deicing methods on the basis of mathematical methods with the use of simulating and checking program called "Optimal strategy in choosing methods of airfield preparation", which helps to use aerodrome equipment more efficiently, prolong its service life, and save efforts, means and machine resources
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 690
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 727
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
Social Sciences and Humanities
46 articles
147 kb

OBESITY AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM

abstract 1331709040 issue 133 pp. 505 – 516 30.11.2017 ru 183
Modern representations of threpsology demonstrate importance of harmonization of eating which consists in providing an organism with all necessary feed elements in full and energy in the corresponding quantities and ratios. The causes of obesity and measures against it, sedentary lifestyle and diseases associated with these factors. Social significance of the problem evidence of the need to combat the spread of obesity. It is established that since 1975 the number of people suffering from obesity worldwide has increased more than three times; more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older were overweight, of which over 650 million people were obese; 39 % of adults 18 years and older, were overweight, and 13% were obese. The situation with obesity in the CIS countries is ambiguous. In the post-Soviet space, the situation with obesity in adults and children gradually becomes threatening. Domestic and foreign experience indicate that the most accessible and economically feasible method of correcting the nutrition and health of the population is the inclusion in the diet of modern man healthy food, having direct functional properties
166 kb

ETHICAL ASPECTS OF INNOVATION IN VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE APRIL FOOLS' JOKE IN THE SOCIAL NETWORK "VKONTAKTE")

abstract 1331709059 issue 133 pp. 771 – 785 30.11.2017 ru 166
The article examines the ethical aspects of online communications in modern social networks. In the course of the study, the function "pumping an avatar", first proposed to users of the social network "VKontakte" on April 1, 2017 as a comic and innovative version of the congratulations on the Day of Laughter of their friends on the Internet, was studied. Some of the ethical aspects of the network innovation under consideration have been identified. The results of a questionnaire survey of students of Kuban State Technical University about the perception of the new online format of the April Fool's Day are given. The factors limiting in 2017 the diffusion of this innovation function among Internet users are considered. The results of the analysis of the reasons for both negative and positive attitude of Kuban State Technical University students to the possibility of making comic visual changes to the account of other users without their knowledge are presented. In the course of the study it was revealed that the individual model of behavior of the respondents on the Day of Laughter in many respects correlated with the model of their friends' behavior on the social network «Vkontakte». There is a hypothesis that if technical barriers to communication are eliminated, the next year may be seen viral effects both in distributing information about the avatar-pumping function itself in the social network, and in distributing content created with it
114 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF MIGRATION PROBLEMS ON THE DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE NAKHCHIVAN AUTONOMOUS REPUBLIC

abstract 1311707020 issue 131 pp. 198 – 205 29.09.2017 ru 176
The article deals with the migration and its creating reasons, which have great role in changes of the content and number of the population, the effects of migration processes in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic on demographic development and the problems of their settlement. For this reason, the problems caused the internal and the external migration of the population from the beginning of independence years are analyzed. Starting from the second decade of independence the progress in the rising of natural and migration increase of the population at the result of establishment of new workplaces and industrial facilities are foregrounded
Social Sciences and Humanities
21 articles
154 kb

THE YOUTH SELF-GOVERNMENT IN RUSSIA: THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS, FUNCTIONS AND LEVELS

abstract 1291705038 issue 129 pp. 432 – 446 31.05.2017 ru 461
The article is devoted to the research of the main factors, functions and levels of the development of the youth self-government organizations in modern Russia. Youth self-government organizations represent one of the most successfully developing institutes of the civil society that uses the most efficient mechanisms of the participation of this category of citizens in the process of functioning of the governmental and non-governmental institutions and organizations. Youth self-government is characterized by such categories as versatility and divergence; it works at various levels and includes specific factors and functions
165 kb

PROBLEMS OF GENDER ASYMMETRY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: WAYS OF REGULATION

abstract 1271703015 issue 127 pp. 260 – 269 31.03.2017 ru 606
In the article we examine the gender approach in public administration. There were analyzed gender disparities in the public administration of the Russian Federation and their influence on managerial decisionmaking. We have found the distribution of power between the sexes and their relationship to gender stereotypes. There were suggested the ways of regulation of gender asymmetry in the public administration
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 602
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
Social Sciences and Humanities
29 articles
136 kb

MUSIC BY L. VAN BEETHOVEN AND V.A. MOZART IN JAPANESE ANIMATION

abstract 1321708031 issue 132 pp. 391 – 398 31.10.2017 ru 185
The author of the article considers the experience of citing academic music in Japanese anime. Composers of Japan, along with modern music, use fragments from the world's musical heritage. The most cited are the works of L. van Beethoven (Symphony No. 5) and V.А. Mozart (the aria of the Queen of the Night from the opera The Magic Flute, Sonata D-dur (K448) for two pianos). In the process of citing the classical heritage, music can either perform an illustrative function, or play the role of the semantic initiating anime as a synthetic art form
141 kb

THE VALUES OF THE ART OF RUSSIAN EMBROIDERY IN THE FOLK CULTURE AS A SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON

abstract 1311707075 issue 131 pp. 914 – 923 29.09.2017 ru 282
A study of the Russian costume and household items was carried out. It is proved that folk art of embroidery has deep artistic and craft traditions and historical roots and is a special socio-cultural type of folk culture. The ornaments were one of the characteristic features of Russian clothing, its technical techniques of embroidery, specific ornamental motifs and colors, which determine its originality, being, as it were, a passport of culture, its historical path, intercultural and interethnic ties. It is determined that decorative decoration with embroidery of costume complexes, related to archaism, is the value of Russian folk culture at historical stages as universal values. The nature and quantity of embroidery, even the semantic meaning of ornamental patterns, depended on the expediency, characteristic of folk clothes, on reasons of economy, age and local differences, and various customs in accordance with which clothes were used. Images of ancient Slavic mythology came into folk embroidery and lived there for centuries not by chance. They decorated clothes, towels, and ghosts, which had important ritual significance during folk festivals and traditional rituals. The people faithfully observed the laws of fathers and grandfathers, along with them, from generation to generation, images of ancient mythology also came. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
174 kb

SOCIOCULTURAL PROJECTS OF DM. MEREZHKOVSKY AND I. ILYIN

abstract 1291705013 issue 129 pp. 156 – 169 31.05.2017 ru 361
The article is devoted to utopian projects of Dm. Merezhkovsky «The Third Kingdom» and I. Ilyin «The Russian Idea». The methodological basis of the study is a phenomenological concept of «life-world». The utopia considered in the present paper as a phenomenon of sociocultural reality, including the characteristic features of the civilization on the basis of which it is formed. Projects directed to the synthesis of religion and culture through spiritual rebirth of man. The specificity of utopias is revealed – spirituality and metaphysics, which allowed to define them as sociocultural projects
Physical Sciences and Engineering
25 articles
329 kb

TOURIST CLUSTERS AS SPATIAL MODELS OF ORGANIZATION OF TOURISMRECREATIONAL ACTIVITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE BLACK SEA COAST OF THE KRASNODAR REGION)

abstract 1331709051 issue 133 pp. 682 – 696 30.11.2017 ru 233
In the given article, we explore the territory organization of tourism in the Krasnodar region. General route models of trips are considered. M. Clauson’s theory about dependence demand of distance of a trip is explored. Also, the efficiency of testing this theory in modern conditions was taken up. Theoretical and practical aspects of clusters in a tourist-recreational complex, such as substance of cluster approach in tourism, ways of determining the geographic boundaries of clusters and other details are investigated. The territory of the Krasnodar region has grate tourist potential, but the flow of tourists is very unevenly distributed. This is the reason why a new one clustering of the Black Sea cost in the region is offered. It means care of the administrative boundaries of municipalities and zoning on the basis of accessibility of attractive excursion objects in respect to distance and influence of environment. This way of management of coastal zones in the Krasnodar region helps to govern all resources more rationally. It also provides confident development of tourism
3337 kb

CALCULATION OF MELTING RATE OF DEBRIS-COVERED AREAS OF A MOUNTAIN GLACIER

abstract 1331709078 issue 133 pp. 1062 – 1078 30.11.2017 ru 249
Considerable parts of the ablation zones of mountain glaciers in various mountain systems of the World are covered with rocks (dibris). Heat and physical properties of debris layer are very different from those of ice. Debris layer determines ablation rate and ice run-off regime. Dependently on thickness, it can accelerate ablation or totally isolate ice cover from melting. To describe ablation rate in a mathematical model correctly, one needs to include in it a block responsible for heat exchange of debris-covered areas with the atmosphere. In the paper, we consider an algorithm for calculation of ablation rate under the layer of debris, which is to be incorporated to the surface mass balance model. We also describe results of calculations of temperature distribution in a debris layer and estimates of ablation rate under the latter. All calculations were carried out for heat and physical properties of Djankuat Glacier in the Central Caucasus
819 kb

NEW METHODS OF ENGINEERINGGEOLOGICAL ZONING OF THE TERRITORY OF THE KRASNODAR REGION AND THE REPUBLIC OF ADYGEA

abstract 1321708019 issue 132 pp. 239 – 248 31.10.2017 ru 171
The article presents the experience of engineeringgeological zoning to establish patterns of spatial variability of the components of engineeringgeological conditions. In the ArcGIS environment was created a set of electron-digital maps, taking into account the influence of adverse geological processes and landforms for the design, construction and operation of linear engineering structures.
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