Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Physical Sciences and Engineering
382 articles
272 kb

ECONOMETRICS AS AN ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE

abstract 1281704050 issue 128 pp. 678 – 708 28.04.2017 ru 34
Statistical methods are widely used in domestic feasibility studies. However, for most managers, economists and engineers, they are exotic. This is due to the fact that modern statistical methods are not taught in the universities. We discuss the situation, focusing on the statistical methods for economic and feasibility studies, ie, econometrics. In the world of science, econometrics has a rightful place. There are scientific journals in econometrics, Nobel Prizes in Economics are given to series of researches in econometrics. The situation in the field of scientific and practical work and especially the teaching of econometrics in Russia is disadvantaged. Often, individual particular constructions replace econometrics in general, such as those related to regression analysis. The article is devoted to econometrics as an academic discipline. Our course begins with a discussion of the structure of modern econometrics, the connections between applied statistics and econometric methods. We consider sample researches (analysis of surveys results), the elements of econometrics numbers, and methods of testing of statistical hypothesis about homogeneity. We have given the concepts of regression analysis, econometric classification methods, modern measurement theory. The important places are occupied by the statistics of non-numerical data (including fuzzy sets and their links with random sets) and the statistics of interval data. The problem of the stability of statistical procedures with respect to the tolerances of input data and model prerequisites is discussed. The representations of the econometric methods of expert research and quality control, analysis and forecasting of time series, econometrics of forecasting and risks are given
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PROPAGATION AND BRANCHING OF STRAIMERS IN CONDUCTING ENVIRONMENT

abstract 1281704080 issue 128 pp. 1148 – 1169 28.04.2017 ru 31
In this work, we develop a model describing the propagation and branching of a streamer in a conducting medium in external electric field. To describe the contribution of the conductivity currents, we modified the standard electrostatic equation taking into account the vortex component of the electric field. As a result of this generalization, the streamer model is formulated in the form of nonlinear equations of parabolic type. In the framework of the proposed model, the problem of the propagation of a streamer in the form of a traveling wave is considered, which leads to the emergence of SaffmanTaylor streamers. For streamers of this type, the branching problem is formulated, which has a unique solution. The dependence of the branch point on the parameters of the problem-the speed of the streamer, the diffusion coefficient of the electrons and the strength of the external electric field, is found. The branching mechanism of the streamer head by dividing it into two parts has been well studied and several alternative models have been formulated for its description. The novelty of the problem in question is that the streamer splits into two three-dimensional channels that are symmetric with respect to the given plane. Numerical experiments also revealed the mechanism of branching of the streamer in the cathode region, connected with the separation of the main channel into several lateral branches. It is noted, that in nature both branching mechanisms are realized, whereas in theory the instability of the surface of the streamer head is investigated
469 kb

ABOUT EULER FUNCTION

abstract 1271703004 issue 127 pp. 113 – 125 31.03.2017 ru 138
The Euler function is very important in number theory and in Mathematics, however, the range of its values in the natural numbers has not been written off. The greatest value of the Euler function reaches on Prime numbers, furthermore, it is multiplicative. The value of the Euler function is closely associated with the values of the Moebius function and the function values of the sum of the divisors of the given natural number. The Euler function is linked with systems of public key encryption. The individual values of the Euler function behave irregularly because of the irregular distribution of primes in the natural numbers. This tract is illustrated in the article with charts; summatory function for the Euler function and its average value are more predictable. We prove the formula of Martinga and, based on it, we study the approximation accuracy of the average value of the Euler function with corresponding quadratic polynomial. There is a new feature associated with the average value of the Euler function and calculate intervals of its values. We also introduce the concept of density values of the Euler function and calculate its value on the interval of the natural numbers. It can be noted that the results of the behavior of the Euler function are followed by the results in the behavior of functions of sums of divisors of natural numbers and vice versa. We have also given the results of A.Z.Valfish and A.N.Saltykov on this subject
Physical Sciences and Engineering
47 articles
181 kb

RESEARCH IN MICRODEFICIENCY OF POLYMERS (ELASTOMER COMPOSITIONS) UNDER UNIAXIAL DEFORMATION

abstract 1271703062 issue 127 pp. 885 – 894 31.03.2017 ru 103
Macrodeficiency of polymeric materials, including the pervasive one, is a consequence of the development of initial microdefects which appear in polymers both due to external factors and during their processing. This article solves the task of identification the interrelation and interdependence of structural microdefects of various polymeric materials, consisting in the estimation of the structural parameters under uniaxial deformation. It is experimentally shown that the process of changing microdefects in the material bulk begins to flow more intensely during deformation of the material, having anisotropic structures in the bulk. Change of the parameters of microdefects is not observed compared to the starting material at small quantities of the deformation. In the area of deformation corresponding to the transition of the material from isotropic to anisotropic state parameters of microdefects do not depend on the degree of deformation of the sample, and abrupt changes of the parameters of microdefects are observed after completing the formation of anisotropic patterns. It is shown experimentally the identity of the parameters of microdefects in the bulk material (rubber-based natural caoutchouc) during deformation with the quantities of local deformations at the edge of the artificially created macrodefects. Under uniaxial deformation more than 280-300% and the growth of the quantities of local deformations come out at the edge of the artificially created macrodefects and normalized linear dimension k and decrease the total number n of microdefects
190 kb

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE CORRECTION OF PH SOFTENED WATER IN A LONG CHANNEL OF ELECTRODIALYSIS WITH BIPOLAR MEMBRANE

abstract 1261702002 issue 126 pp. 33 – 49 28.02.2017 ru 114
Theoretically and experimentally, we investigated the process of adjusting the pH of natural water of hydrocarbonate class electrodialyzer with bipolar membranes with channel length of 40 cm. We experimentally measured concentration of components, pH of the solutions in alkaline and acid channels of electrodeposition depending on the current density. The article describes a mathematical model for long channels; to scale the mass transfer characteristics of the process there was applied and verified a method of compartmentalization, which gave the possibility to calculate the dependence of the component along the channel length at different velocities of flow of the solution. Numerical calculations were compared with experimental data on electrodialyser of 10 cm and 40 cm length
498 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR FIXING PERFTORSULFOPOLIMER MF-4SK ON A HETEROGENEOUS MEMBRANE-SUBSTRATE

abstract 1251701015 issue 125 pp. 223 – 234 31.01.2017 ru 222
The article illustrates the results of the research dedicated to finding a method of combining two polymeric materials - ion-exchange membranes having different chemical nature. It shows a method of applying a homogenous film MF 4SK on the surface of the heterogeneous membrane substrate to produce a chemically and mechanically stable asymmetric bipolar membrane. We have selected membrane substrate ensuring the best electrochemical performance
Life Sciences
492 articles
1160 kb

FEATURES OF THE ASSIMILATION APPARATUS FORMATION OF WOODY PLANTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE LIPETSK INDUSTRIAL CENTER

abstract 1281704022 issue 128 pp. 319 – 329 28.04.2017 ru 35
The article presents data on the growth of an assimilation apparatus of Scots pine, silver birch and pedunculate oak in the conditions of the Lipetsk industrial center. It is established that the growth dynamics of annual and biennial needles of Scots pine under pollution is higher compared to the control, while absolute values of length and mass of needles less. Starting from the second year, in the conditions of contamination noted stunted pine needle growth, which increases by the third year. It is shown that the linear dimensions of the lamina of birch in the conditions of pollution are not changing much compared to the control, whereas the linear dimensions of the lamina of pedunculate oak in the conditions of pollution is less than the control
539 kb

ECOLOGICAL PATH "CHOCHUR-MURAN" ON THE NATURAL TERRITОRY OF YAKUTSK BOTANICAL GARDEN

abstract 1281704028 issue 128 pp. 386 – 402 28.04.2017 ru 31
The article presents the data about flora and vegetation of the territory of the Yakut Botanical garden, where an ecological trail will be; there is a characteristic of plant communities and their classification. Preliminary, the flora of the ecological path includes 310 species of higher vascular plants belonging to 54 families and 172 genera
370 kb

BIOMORPHOLOGIC AND THERAPEUTIC FEATURES OF CAPPARIS HERBACEA L. SPECIES IN THE FLORA OF THE NAKHCHIVAN AUTONOMOUS REPUBLIC OF AZERBAIJAN

abstract 1281704034 issue 128 pp. 466 – 473 28.04.2017 ru 34
The article provides information about phytochemical investigation, medical and nutritional importance of fruits of Capparisherbacea L. including CapparaceaeJuss. family in the area of the Nakhchıvan Autonomous Republic. Some solvents had been applied, fruit and leave extracts had been bought. The purification and identification of content of plant extracts had been investigated with spectroscopic and chromotographic methods. The saponins, carotinoids, chlorophyll pigments and flavonoids had been revealed in the content of extracts. The extracts have been acquired from fruits of this species by use of polar and nonpolar solvents and the composition of extracts have been studied with different applied methods. The column and thin layer chromatography carried out in order to purification of contents and extracts were fractionation and Rf values were calculated
Physical Sciences and Engineering
19 articles
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 359
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 1286
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
306 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE NaCI

abstract 1081504070 issue 108 pp. 962 – 973 30.04.2015 ru 1483
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore NaCI
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1595 articles
9059 kb

AUTOMATED SYSTEM-COGNITIVE ANALYSIS OF SPECIFIC SPECTRAL AND INTEGRATED IMAGES IN "EIDOS" SYSTEM (APPLICATION OF INFORMATION THEORY AND COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN SPECTRAL ANALYSIS)

abstract 1281704001 issue 128 pp. 1 – 64 28.04.2017 ru 34
Automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) for images provides automatic identification of specific characteristics of the given images from the color of the pixels and image edges, the synthesis of generalized images of pictures (classes), identifying the most and the least specific image features for the class, determining values of features of images for their differentiation, deletion low-value characteristics (abstraction) from the model, problem solving for quantitative comparison of specific images with generalized images of classes and generalized images of the classes with each other, and objectives of the study of the simulated subject area by studying its model. The work discusses the new features of the ASC-analysis and its implementing intellectual system called "Eidos" for identifying features of images using their spectral analysis, formation of the generalized spectra of classes, the task of comparison of images of specific objects to classes and classes with each other in their spectra. For the first time, it became possible to form the generalized spectra of classes with weights of the colors according to their degree of specificity and unspecific features for classes, and it is not the intensity of the color in the spectrum, but the amount of information in the color on the linking the object with that color to the class. In fact, there is a question of generalization of spectral analysis by using intelligent cognitive technologies and information theory in the spectral analysis. First, everyone is talking about the fact that spectral lines contain information about which element or substance is included in the object, but no one bothered to count what exactly the amount of information is and then use it to determine the composition of the object pattern recognition methods based on the use of this information. Second, spectral analysis is traditionally used to determine the elemental and molecular composition of the object; we propose to use it not only for that, but also to identify any images. A numerical example has been given
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RESEARCH OF THE INFLUENCE OF FOOD SUPPLEMENTS ON THE TECHNOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF WAFFLE SEMI PRODUCTS

abstract 1281704004 issue 128 pp. 100 – 111 28.04.2017 ru 27
A selection of food additives for the enrichment of waffle products was made. Food additive "Powder from tubers of Jerusalem artichoke" is distinguished by a high content of inulin - 46.21%. Low-fat sunflower lecithin contains a significant amount of phospholipids (98.29%). The influence of the joint application of food additives "Powder from the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke" and nonfat sunflower lecithin on the technological properties of the wafer test was studied. It is established that the introduction of the food additive "Powder from the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke" together with defatted sunflower lecithin, instead of the traditional soybean, allows to reduce the viscosity of the wafer test. When introduced into wafer dough, the dosage of defatted sunflower lecithin can be reduced, compared to soybean, from 0.4 to 0.2% by weight of flour
832 kb

AUTOMATION DETERMINATION OF HEAT CAPACITY AND THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF MATERIALS

abstract 1281704005 issue 128 pp. 112 – 121 28.04.2017 ru 29
The article describes a method for determining the heat capacity from data of differential scanning calorimetry and thermal conductivity of materials, using the DSM-2M and IT-λ-400 instruments with original computer programs
Life Sciences
988 articles
151 kb

DYNAMICS OF MACRO AND MICRO ELEMENTS UNDER WINTER WHEAT AS A RESULT OF REMINERALIZATION OF LEACHED BLACK SOIL

abstract 1281704007 issue 128 pp. 135 – 145 28.04.2017 ru 30
Remineralization of leached chernozem was carried out by applying such rocks as loess-like loam, shell limestone, apatite phosphogypsum. We have revealed that the introduction of species didn’t change substantially the content of boron during the growing season. We have also displayed the seasonal dynamics of macro variants of the experiment and the increase in the content of food items in the phase of active growth of winter wheat. Seasonal dynamics of trace elements is expressed, but can not be expressed with certain regularity
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POULTRY MANURE AND ITS USE AS AN ORGANIC FERTILIZER

abstract 1281704061 issue 128 pp. 913 – 930 28.04.2017 ru 28
We have conducted a research on the poultry farm of the commodity farm of the educational and experimental farm Kuban of the Kuban State Agrarian University. The chemical analysis of various organic fertilizers is considered in the article. Also agrochemical characteristics of organic fertilizers are given. The composition and properties of the bird droppings of the farm under study were determined for comparison with other organic fertilizers: manure of cattle and pig manure. Since straw is used as the main moisture-absorbing material for composting in the farm under study, straw analyzes were carried out in terms of chemical composition and nutritional content. A chemical analysis of the content of plant nutrients in straw has been carried out. Bird droppings is valuable, a fast full fertilizer. Of all organic fertilizers, bird droppings are the most valuable, both in nutrient content and in their accessibility to plants. The nutrient content in the litter varies depending on the species of the bird, the breed, the age, the method of keeping and feeding, the type of feed and other factors. The chicken manure contains morephosphorus, nitrogen and potassium, than manure of cattle and pigs. The advantage of organic fertilizers in comparison with mineral fertilizers is their long after-effect. As fertilizer a bird droppings surpasses manure at 8-10 times and almost don't concede to equal amount of nutrients of mineral fertilizers by action on productivity of cultures. The norm of introduction of bird droppings is up to 30 times lower, than norm of introduction of manure. Agricultural areas where introduction of organic fertilizers, the list of crops under which fertilizers are introduced were considered. The received results confirm the value of organic fertilizers (bird droppings), and their application enriches the soil with necessary nutrients, increases productivity and quality of grown-up crops
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CORRELATION AMONG QUANTITATIVE TRAITS OF SORGHUM GRAIN

abstract 1281704062 issue 128 pp. 931 – 940 28.04.2017 ru 31
At present, the farmers have to develop varieties and hybrids, which fully meet the requirements of agricultural production. The study of correlation among economic-valuable characteristics of grain sorghum is of great importance nowadays, as it allows optimizing plant-breeding work at its early stages. For a more productive process of developing of the initial material in breeding, it is necessary to determine the correlation among the traits to identify the strongest connections, and to conduct further work, based on the obtained data. Knowing the correlation, the estimation of timeconsuming economic trait can be replaced by the assessment of the simpler trait correlated with it. The article presents the analysis of correlation among various traits of grain sorghum. The degree and direction of the correlation have been estimated. The significant effect of the length of vegetation period on many traits has been seen. There have been also mentioned the characteristics, having an influence on a size and a number of kernels per panicle. There is a positive correlation between a size of panicle and dimensions of a leaf (length, width). Along with it there has been found a positive correlation among linier dimensions of a panicle, length and width of a leaf, a number of leaves with a number of kernels per panicle. While studying the correlation between an extension of a panicle with other traits, there has been noted a negative correlation between a length of vegetation period, length and width of a leaf, but there has been found a positive correlation with plant height. There has been found a positive effect of 1000-kernel weight, a number of kernels per panicle, a number of leaves and their dimensions on the formation of kernel weight per panicle
Social Sciences and Humanities
104 articles
797 kb

THE HISTORY OF THE FEMINIST MOVEMENT IN EGYPT: GENESIS AND MODERN TENDENCIES

abstract 1281704002 issue 128 pp. 65 – 81 28.04.2017 ru 37
The article analyzes the complex and contradictory process of feminism in the Islamic cultural space on the example of Egypt. The author analyzes feminism as ideological and political of the movement women's equality phenomenon. We study the Genesis of the feminist movement in Egypt; reveal its social-economic causes and historical roots. In the article we consider the main problems associated with the status of Muslim women in the coverage of the largest Muslim educators and reformers of the previous century. It is proved that the movement for women emancipation in the Arab world was the movement of the upper layers of society, initiated by men. In the course of study a new historiographical material (mainly of translated character) was revealed and introduced into the scientific circulation which contributed to the study of a number of insufficiently studied problems
126 kb

SOVIET POWER AND THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH IN THE SECOND PART OF THE 40-ES OF XX CENTURY (ON THE MATERIAL OF THE KRASNODAR REGION)

abstract 1281704020 issue 128 pp. 299 – 308 28.04.2017 ru 31
This article analyses the state religious policy in regard to the Russian Orthodox Church in the first post Great Patriotic War years. The characteristic of the religious life during the above-mentioned period in the Krasnodar Territory is given. The main resource of this research was documents of the Authorized Board on Russian Orthodox Church Affairs of the USSR Ministerial Council in Krasnodar Territory. Some positive changes in state- church relations took place. New churches began to open. Revitalization of the religious life came into being. It was shown in peoples’ participating in religious holidays, making orthodox ceremonies. Christening was the most popular ceremony. The less popular was the religious wedding. In that period of time, women were active participants of the religious life of the region. Among believers there were soldiers demobilized from the army. However from 1948 first signs of estrangement in state – church relations began to appear
159 kb

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGIES OF THE USA DURING 1991-2010

abstract 1281704036 issue 128 pp. 490 – 504 28.04.2017 ru 31
This article presents the results of the content analysis of the US National Security Strategies published in the period 1991-2010. The emphasis is on identifying the role of non-governmental organizations in building of the US political strategy, as well as considering the evolutionary path of NGOs during various presidential administrations of the United States. The conclusion is drawn that during the considered period nongovernmental organizations became an integral part of the US foreign policy doctrine. NGOs have become one of the most important instruments of the "soft power" of the United States, primarily with regard to the spread of democratic foundations and civil society. The results demonstrate the difference in approaches to the "soft power" between the democratic and republican administrations of the United States of America
Social Sciences and Humanities
1579 articles
191 kb

TRENDS, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOREIGN AND RUSSIAN PASSENGER CAR MARKETS

abstract 1281704003 issue 128 pp. 82 – 99 28.04.2017 ru 32
The article presents main laws of Russian and foreign car markets development, its growth characteristics in present economic context; it examines global manufacturing of vehicles by international auto groups. Car market structural changes in the Russian market are analyzed. The future impact of modern economic crisis on auto market repartition and its development trend is also considered
122 kb

ATTRACTING FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN THE ECONOMY OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1281704016 issue 128 pp. 249 – 257 28.04.2017 ru 30
In today's market economy, against the backdrop of globalization, political instability and crisis processes, the issue of attracting foreign investment is strategically important. The Krasnodar region is one of the most attractive regions for investment potential both in the territory of the Southern Federal District and among the regions of the Russian Federation. Moreover, effective investment activity positively influences its socioeconomic development, providing the region with not only financial assets, growth in GRP (Gross Regional Product) rates, but also contributing to the introduction of new technologies, increasing the number of jobs and improving the quality of life of the population
160 kb

COGNITIVE MODELING OF THE IMPACT OF SELF-ORGANIZATION FACTORS ON THE ENTERPRISE SUSTAINABILITY

abstract 1281704024 issue 128 pp. 342 – 353 28.04.2017 ru 38
This article discusses the problem of methodological support for the management of the recovery cycle of Russian industry, which is caused by the transformation of factors affecting the achievement of the required parameters of competitiveness. Given the low level of technological development, it is proposed to rely on the concept of sustainability in determining the strategy of re-industrialization in Russia. As a theoretical platform of such a concept, the ideas of intellectualization of enterprise management are proposed, which were developed in the foreign theory of industrial management. Thus, the main factors influencing the stability of the enterprise were correlated with elements of the "ADACOR holonic" -architecture of management, inspired by biological and evolutionary theories. An empirical analysis of the impact of self-organizing factors using the technology of cognitive modeling, which revealed a significant impact on the company's sustainability of environmental assessment factors. The state is revealed under which the effect of local stability within the limits of the parameters "Diagnostics of threats" and "Unpredictability of the environment" is achieved, which makes it possible to form a complex of management actions to regulate these parameters using the coenoses tools. The proposed interdisciplinary approach, based on a system of regularities of the physical and mathematical order, will greatly enhance the effectiveness of forecasting and the predictability of enterprise development
Social Sciences and Humanities
97 articles
149 kb

IDEOLOGY OF THE RUSSIAN STATEHOOD AND DOMESTIC PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITION

abstract 1261702046 issue 126 pp. 649 – 662 28.02.2017 ru 117
The ideology of the Russian statehood has essential value both in connection with globalization tendencies, and in connection with problems of development of the Russian civil identity. In the article we give an assessment of shortcomings of ideological process of the USSR in connection with the nihilistic attitude towards domestic spiritual tradition. The main lines of traditional Russian philosophy essential from the point of view of history of ideological consciousness in Russia are considered
137 kb

HOW PHILOSOPHY BECAME «A LITERATURE GENRE»

abstract 1261702047 issue 126 pp. 663 – 673 28.02.2017 ru 112
In the article we have observed the main theoretical and methodological issues of European philosophy streams in the second half of XX century, which refused the image of philosophy as exact science, based on logic conceptual tool. We have shown the connection of poststructuralist formations and structuralist scheme in creating «discourse typology», a new discipline which implies philosophy to be considered as one of literature genres. Structuralists’ search starts from the description of invariable, static structures that help to create separate pieces of fiction. The latter are observed as isolated situations in which these atomic structures are used. Such attitude, as revealed in the article, results in two deductions. The first considers literature having no specific features compared to other types of discourse, i.e. it does not exist as such. (Ts.Todorov) The second deduction implies that being aware of the logical creation of any meaning reader’s hermeneutics is seen as unnecessary. These deductions resulted in a new scientific discipline «discourse typology», developed by structuralists. This stream was continued by poststructuralists, i.e. strategy to «poetize philosophy» is justified by the expansion of the object for science cognition in the direction of not verifiable and not rationalized, requiring separate methods of study as well as description language. Consequently, philosophical discourse becomes that very descriptive language that helps to overcome «logocentrism» of traditional thinking. Further in the article we consider the main «logomachy» strategies developed by J.Derrida, i.e. «deconstruction», «structure decentration», «critics of transcendental significatum», «critics of structural properties of the construction»
191 kb

ISOMORPHISM OF SYSTEM STAGES OF EVOLUTION

abstract 1261702048 issue 126 pp. 674 – 690 28.02.2017 ru 117
The article discusses and explains the similarity of organizational, structural and functional «solutions» at different system stages of the evolutionary development presented in nature and society. It is shown that at any level of biological organisation transition to a new stages of evolutionary development is implemented not only via «classical» individual changes (adaptations) of the particular organisms, but also by means of: 1) integration of organisms into the new systems of «superorganisms», 2) the differentiation of their functions or the division of labor, and 3) the development of internal and external communication, integrated into the overall communication system, ranging from single cells to ecological and social communication. The article argues that the distinctive characteristic of the present stage of evolution is cumulative cultural evolution of complex social systems that support (scaffold) the development of their individuals, through learning processes. It is shown that such social systems still have structural and functional isomorphism with biological systems; however, their reproduction and transmission implemented predominantly through more developed in the human community non-genetic inheritance systems, the advanced division of labour and distributed cognition.
Social Sciences and Humanities
216 articles
180 kb

CORRELATION OF TERMS “WORD PICTURE OF A CHARACTER” AND “LINGUISTIC AND CULTURAL CHARACTER TYPE”

abstract 1281704019 issue 128 pp. 285 – 298 28.04.2017 ru 30
The basic terms important for the linguistic and cultural studies analysis such as "word picture of a character" and “linguistic and cultural character type” are described in the article altogether with the analysis of the relationship between these concepts as exemplified in the novel "The Godfather" by M. Puzo. The cultural component of literary texts focuses on the cross-cultural pragmatics, underlining the method of linguistic and cultural character type modelling as it is a personalized artistic concept with an intertextual character. The research highlighted that the given method draws excessive attention to common features of the considered characters, therefore, partially ignoring certain characteristics possessed by individual characters. There are good reasons to add the research of the word picture of the character as a part of the individual author world picture to the method. The article explains the rationale of a contaminated term "linguistic and cultural image" as the best one explains the individually expressed features of character, ethnoculturaly determined
134 kb

HIERARCHY OF KEYWORDS IN A SEARCH QUERY

abstract 1281704066 issue 128 pp. 974 – 983 28.04.2017 ru 32
This article was written in the mainstream of modern Lingua-pragmatic research and is dedicated to the analysis of keywords from the point of view of the degree of their semantic significance for representation of intensions of the producer text. The study was made on a material of texts of a search queries. The choice of this type of Internet communication is due, first of all, to the fact that the search query is a text consisting entirely of keywords. The main methods studies, were continuous sampling of the material, linguistic experiment and semantic and communicative analysis. The article raises the question of the hierarchy of keywords in the structure of the search query. The author suggests criteria for classifying keywords, develops a technique for analyzing the search query in a communicative aspect. The division of the search query into more and less significant components is due to the communicative and pragmatic intention of the author of the text. Particular attention is paid to the difficulties arising in the analysis of requests in which the producer's intention is not clearly expressed. The results of the research are important for understanding the linguistic essence of the keyword, the principles of the formation of search queries and can be used in the analysis of keywords in different types of texts
423 kb

RESEARCH ON THE SO-CALLED THIEVES' NOTIONS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF FUNCTIONAL-PRAGMATIC TYPOLOGY OF LINGUASEMIOTIC EXPERIENCE

abstract 1271703002 issue 127 pp. 61 – 78 31.03.2017 ru 118
The article focuses on the place of the (Thieves') Notions in the hierarchy of values in criminal activity from the viewpoint of functional-pragmatic typology of linguasemiotic experience. The Notions are intentions (intentials) that correlate to the upper (The Thieves' Law) and lower (Limits/Thieves' Commandments) levels of the hierarchy of values. The Notions were described in diachronic aspect with regard to their place and esoteric functions in the Master Felons' Law. The functional-pragmatic typology was aimed to show the differences in the ways of distribution of reference features (categorization processes), what reflects in formalization (ritualization and folkization) of social behaviour. Such approach was based on a panchronic connection of the idea of informational kind to the idea of energo-material kind. When correlating with the upper level of the hierarchy of values, the Notions can be considered a Random Access Memory connected to a slow encoded memory of greater capacity (The Thieves' Law). The Notions provide for a faster reaction of an individual when making a choice in criminal activity
Social Sciences and Humanities
18 articles
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 172
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
166 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1241610094 issue 124 pp. 1428 – 1438 30.12.2016 ru 194
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and Russia, such as charter programs to Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
292 kb

ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF WARM WATER DISCHANGE OF GUSINOOZERSKAYA GRES ON THE ICE REGIME OF GUSINOE LAKE (IN THE WESTERN TRANSBAIKALIA)

abstract 1161602022 issue 116 pp. 298 – 305 29.02.2016 ru 726
The article is devoted to the assessment adverse effects of Gusinoozerskaya GRES on the ecosystem of Lake Gusinoe. It shows the dynamics of the ice regime of Lakes Gusinoe near Gusinoozerskaya GRES. Is noted that industrial pollution reduces the quality of the water in the lake
Social Sciences and Humanities
335 articles
144 kb

ABOUT PUBLIC SERVICE SYSTEM OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1281704044 issue 128 pp. 601 – 613 28.04.2017 ru 32
The article describes the main directions of the civil service reform in the Russian Federation. An analysis is made of the causes and consequences of changes introduced to the legislation at the present stage of development of Russian society
171 kb

CRIME PREVENTION IN A PARTICULAR CRIMINAL CASE ABOUT DRUG TRAFFICKING

abstract 1281704057 issue 128 pp. 836 – 853 28.04.2017 ru 30
In the article the authors analyze the state of crime prevention in special legal literature, with analyses certain provisions of the criminal procedure code of Russia, allowing carrying out the preventive activities of the investigator during the investigation of criminal cases. In particular, the authors discuss the actual activities of the investigator in relation to the investigation of illicit trafficking in drugs. In the scientific article we have taken into account the views of famous scientists: R. S. Belkin, S. A. Solunskogo, A. N. Kolesnichenko, I. A. Vozgrin, I. I. Ivanov and others
135 kb

ABOUT CRIMINAL LIABILITY FOR PHYSICAL ASSAULT

abstract 1281704082 issue 128 pp. 1186 – 1196 28.04.2017 ru 32
The article deals with a new type of crime – physical assault committed by a person brought to the administrative punishment. The research is referring to meaning, base and measure of criminal liability. The authors are analyzing the positions of scientists and practitioners about making this amendment in Russian Criminal Code
Social Sciences and Humanities
240 articles
480 kb

ABOUT EXPERIMENTAL OPPORTUNITIES OF DYNAMIC GEOMETRY SYSTEM CALLED GEOGEBRA

abstract 1281704018 issue 128 pp. 268 – 284 28.04.2017 ru 29
The article presents the possibilities of the GeoGebra dynamic geometry environment which can be used for conducting experimental research work. Computer experiment as a method of research serves to discover new knowledge, to test hypotheses, to involve students in the active process of learning new material. Freely-distributed GeoGebra's dynamic geometry environment which has a Russian version and a friendly interface that can be conveniently used both in classrooms and at home, is chosen as a computer technology for implementing a computer experiment. There are described possibilities of the tools used to implement the computer experiment. Among them are tools for detecting the metric and positional features of the object, obtaining information about the relationship between metric and positional features of objects, a parametrical task of changes of size, creation of experimental data tables. The experimental capabilities of the GeoGebra dynamic geometry environment are revealed by the examples of solving some elementary geometry problems about the simplest of polygons - a triangle that attracted the attention of both ancient scientists (Menelaus and others) and scientists who are closer to our time (Euler, Poncelet et al. ). Capabilities of the system for creating dynamic drawings, tables of experimental data and their application in conducting research work are demonstrated on the example of Menelaus' theorem presented in a more accessible form than in the textbook of geometry 10th -11th forms (authors L.S. Atanasyan, V. F. Butuzov, etc.)
181 kb

PECULIARITIES OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION IN THE PROCESS OF INFORMATION TRAINING OF STUDENTS OF HIGH SCHOOLS

abstract 1281704032 issue 128 pp. 441 – 454 28.04.2017 ru 30
The urgency of the problem of improving the economic education of students is justified, there are considered features of its resolution in informatics training in the higher school. The relevance of research on improving the economic education of students is due to a number of factors: the need for the development of small and medium-sized businesses in Russia; The need to ensure the competitiveness of graduates; The need to prevent the numerous financial problems that arise in young people due to their economic illiteracy, etc. In the global plan, the work to improve the economic education of students is called upon to contribute to the formation of a national philosophy of "self-reliance". In many countries of the world such work in educational institutions is carried out both as independent subjects, and within the framework of existing subjects studied in educational institutions. It is asserted that the information education of high school students can and should make a definite contribution to the realization of each of the social functions of economic consciousness: enlightened, developing, educational, organizing, aesthetic and prognostic. It is substantiated that with information preparation it is most expedient to form one of such functions - prognostic. It is worthwhile to solve this problem based on the methodology of role information modeling
132 kb

TO THE PROBLEM OF EXTRA ENGLISH EDUCATION IN THE FRAME OF A NONLINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY

abstract 1281704097 issue 128 pp. 1370 – 1380 28.04.2017 ru 32
This article is dedicated to the specialties of extra English education in the frame of a non-linguistic technical university. It can be represented by various courses, which imply teaching from the elementary to the advanced level. The types, contents and motivation component are defined in the article. The material is chosen according to the courses’ level, students’ abilities, and demands of a modern society. All types of speech activity are worked at in these courses, professional component and international standards of mastering the English language are being taken into consideration
Health Sciences
45 articles
146 kb

THE ROLE OF THE TRANSCRIPTION AND ANGIOGENESIS FACTORS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF PURULENT POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH ORAL MUCOSA CANCER

abstract 1281704023 issue 128 pp. 330 – 341 28.04.2017 ru 28
While studying the content of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor in the tumor tissue, oral fluid and peripheral blood of 141 patients with oral mucosa cancer T1-3N0-2M0, it was shown that the development of purulent inflammatory postoperative complications in patients with oral mucosa cancer is associated with an increased expression of HIF-1α in the tissue and its translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, activation of the neoangiogenesis processes. It is informative to determine HIF-1α factor in the blood serum, which, for further development, can be used as a non-invasive diagnostic marker to predict the postoperative course in this category of patients
1880 kb

PROBLEM OF RENDERING OF FIRST MEDICAL AID ON COMMERCIAL SHIPS UNDER RUSSIAN FLAG

abstract 1271703073 issue 127 pp. 1045 – 1055 31.03.2017 ru 115
The problem of rendering of first medical aid to personnel of commercial ships under the Russian flag is considered. It is shown that the decision of this problem in our country is impossible without juridical aspects of activity of sailors-paramedics, questions of their training in bases of rendering an emergency aid and due medical support of the Russian ships. The emergency elementary aid has to be an integral part of activity of personnel of ships. Some directions of the decision of a problem of efficiency of providing such help to personnel of ships are proposed. Development of the bill directed to introduction in Russia of requirements for assistance by paramedics on commercial ships is necessary
142 kb

MEDICAL ASPECTS OF TOXICAL DANGERS IN COMMERCIAL SHIPS (REVIEW)

abstract 1261702063 issue 126 pp. 892 – 901 28.02.2017 ru 116
The article presents an analysis of features of the organization of special medical and prophylactic support on commercial ships. First-aid treatment at poisoning of crews of the most widespread toxic matter (poisonous gases, oil products, methane, coolants, and fumigants) has been considered. It is noted that medical aspects of toxic dangers on the water transport have to include prevention of the pathological states of health of seamen, timely medical support of the ship, early diagnostics of pathological states, sorting of injured persons and the organization of first emergency medical aid
Health Sciences
79 articles
141 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF ASSOCIATIONS OF PROBIOTIC BACTERIA ON HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF BLOOD PARAMETERS AT CALVES

abstract 1261702016 issue 126 pp. 224 – 233 28.02.2017 ru 140
The article presents results of the study on the use of associations of probiotic bacteria in black-and-white breed calves. We have analyzed the effect of associations of probiotic bacteria on hematological (red blood cells and white blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit) and blood biochemical parameters at calves. It was found that the associations of strains of Bifidobacterium bifidum DSM 20456, ATCC 29521, and Enterococcus faecalis H22; Bifidobacterium bifidum DSM 20456, ATCC 29521 and Enterococcus faecium UDC 86 do not have significant changes in the basic blood parameters of the animals, while improving some of counts during their use
126 kb

SEROLOGIC CONTROL OF SPECIFIC PROPHYLAXIS OF THE CANICOLA FEVER OF CATTLE

abstract 1261702035 issue 126 pp. 494 – 503 28.02.2017 ru 108
Results of studying of the immune response of young growth of cattle to vaccination against a canicola fever are presented in article. Dependence of duration of circulation of antibodies in a blood of the vaccinated young growth of cattle from degree of intensity of an immune response on introduction of the vaccine is revealed. Studying of dynamics of antiserum capacities at cow calves of two-month age after immunization taped the weak immune response on introduction of a vaccine. It is expressed both in total absence of antibodies, or available antibodies in minute quantity to canicola fever of one of the serogroups which are a part of a vaccine. Use of immunomodulatory preparations for rising of efficiency of immunization of cow calves against a canicola fever is offered. It is established that application of "Ribotan" at vaccination of two-month calves against a canicola fever increases efficiency of immunization for 55,6 %
192 kb

MONITORING OF THE CANICOLA FEVER IN POPULATION OF CATTLE AND WILD FAUNA OF THE AMUR REGION

abstract 1251701031 issue 125 pp. 464 – 473 31.01.2017 ru 201
The article presents results of researches of authors on prevalence of a canicola fever in populations of cattle and wild rodents in the Amur region. The research objective consisted in studying of etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle and establishment of the dominating canicola fever originator serotypes at the rodents living in the Amur region. Results of researches showed that in etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle in the Amur region the admixed serogroups and a serogroup of Sejroe dominate. The natural reservoir of a canicola fever in the Amur region are populations of gophers, chipmunks, muskrats and voles. The highest percent of the infected individuals is taped in population of gophers (57,1 %). Level of contamination of animals in populations of muskrats and chipmunks made 20 and 17,6 % respectively. Contamination the canicola fever originator in populations of voles was at the level of 8-9 %
Social Sciences and Humanities
13 articles
2673 kb

WATERCOLORIST OLEG POMERANTSEV (1949-2012) AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE TRADITIONS OF REALISTIC ART. ARTISTIC IMAGE OF THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRILLOVSKOE IN WATERCOLORS AND GRAPHIC WORKS OF THE MASTER

abstract 1231609030 issue 123 pp. 433 – 456 30.11.2016 ru 248
The article tells about St. Petersburg distinctive watercolor painter, Oleg I. Pomerantsev (1949-2012). Master's career is inseparably linked with Russian realism. The artist acts as a successor of fundamental high artistic traditions of realistic art. Working in a landscape genre, Pomerantsev managed to create more than 500 paintings deep in a content and meaning. In his spare time Master developed his own techniques of watercolor art. The entire artist’s works were performed under his impression. He received inspiration on fishing trips, in woods and then at home master reproduced what he saw from memory. Most of his works are in private collections and galleries all around the world. Romantic landscapes of Oleg I. Pomerantsev affect by their transparency, complex color techniques and inexpressible atmosphere, full of air and light. Complex colour manners and inexpressible atmosphere full of air and light. Graphic works by the artist, executed in pencil on paper are very interesting too. Sometimes master was fond of drawing in details, so such works were not suitable for watercolors. In his watercolor works Pomerantsev did only hardly visible pencil drawing. The artist did not specialized in graphics so he ruled out his pencil sketches as unsuitable, but the wife of the artist has kept them. Watercolorist Oleg I. Pomerantsev is unknown to Russian art-critics. In view of that, the article was tasked to give for the first time an art rating to the artist’s creation, to make an art analysis of his works from the cycle "The Karelian isthmus" dedicated to the settlement of Kirillovskoe in Vyborg district. The study of creativity of Oleg Pomerantsev by professional critics will allow to expand qualitatively the history of watercolor painting of Russia
1453 kb

VYBORG’S PERIOD OF A GREAT RUSSIAN ARTIST NICHOLAS ROERICH

abstract 1231609031 issue 123 pp. 457 – 479 30.11.2016 ru 264
A Karelian stage in the life of the great Russian artist, Nicholas Roerich, is relatively well-known. However, researchers have not been practically studied the period of residence of the Roerich family in Vyborg. It is known that N. Roerich was friends with the Finnish artist A. Gallen-Kallela, who helped him to remain in Finnish Vyborg in the period of revolutionary events in Russia. From October 1918 to May 1919 the Roerich family lived in Viborg in Ladaunkatu (now Turgenev St.), №8. The painting «Autumn» (1919) was written by the artist during the Vyborg’s period. The painting was created in a fantastic manner which was usual for the artist. Unfortunately, at the moment nothing is known about his other works with views of Vyborg. However, in the catalog of his works, published in the USA in the 1920-es , under the name of each picture is given information about where and when it was created. Thus, under some of the works of the artist is the mark: «Painted in Viborg». So, today we can say about some works of master, which he wrote in Vyborg. In the first place, there are famous paintings of the artist: «Repentance», «Call of the bell. Old Pskov», «Sons of the Heavens», «The heat of the Earth», «Autumn – Vyborg», «Les Miserables (Outcast)», «Treasure» and others. As well, in 1918 at the time of staying the family in Vyborg a number of sketches in "Vyborg Notebook" were made by his son, Svetoslav Roerich, who was then 16 years old. Probably, inexhaustible diligence of Roerich gave a rise to other works with the theme of Vyborg, which scientists do not know because this topic has not been investigated
190 kb

ABOUT POETRY OF THE COUNTRIES OF ASIA IN THE REGION OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN IN THE RUSSIAN TO VOCAL LYRICS OF THE XX CENTURY

abstract 1211607091 issue 121 pp. 1487 – 1503 30.09.2016 ru 386
The article is devoted to the characteristic of poems of east poets (Japan, China, Korea) on which vocal cycles were written by the Russian composers of the XX century. It becomes perceptible that the appeal to east poetry became a tendency, which appeared during the era of the Silver age of the Russian culture. The reasons of the origin of this tendency were revealed. The names of I. Stravinsky, S. Vasilenko, M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, D. Shostakovich, G. Sviridov, S. Slonimsky, L. Grabovsky, A. Nemtin, A. Raskatov, D. Smirnov, V. Kikta, G. Belov, G. Firtich, I. Ostromogilsky, etc. are given as an example of its implication. The large-scale literary list includes poetic of Ancient Chinese poetry, Japanese ancient (medieval) poetry, classical Korean poetry, folklore verses. In the conclusion, typical lines of vocal cycles on these poetic works are shown. The center of this poetry is images of the nature, communication with it of inner world of the person. This poetry is distinguished by a reserved manner of the embodiment of rich inner world, thin psychological gradation. Other figurative constants – love collisions, philosophical reflections about meaning of life, loneliness, exile. They are embodied emotionally frostily, laconically by means of expression
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 291
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 256
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 371
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
53 articles
141 kb

THE CONTENT OF THE MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL QUALITIES, SKILLS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION, SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

abstract 1251701059 issue 125 pp. 856 – 866 31.01.2017 ru 182
The article is devoted to the development of basic children’s skills with disordered autism spectrum. There is a range of tasks that need to be addressed in the system of psychological and educational assistance to children in this category, which allows identifying problems and areas of work with these children. The theory of deviant development and autism spectrum disorders, the concept of the game as the leading activity of children of preschool age and mental structures formed in this type of activity; the role of the concept of physical education in the development of mental processes of preschool age children is the methodological basis of the research. The article presents a model of improving sensory perception of the world around skills, skills of gross and fine motor skills, communication and social development with children with disordered autism spectrum. The conceptual framework of the proposed model is system development of sensory, motor, social and communicative skills of the child through interactive physical games. The purposes, goals, pedagogical conditions of realization of the model are determined. The model consists of three parts: a target, process, control and evaluation. The first - the target includes the purpose, tasks, and pedagogical conditions of realization of the model. The second set of model is technology. It consists of 5 blocks: sensory development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication, and social skills. The implementation of the content of the second unit takes place by means of interactive physical games, game exercise. There are the aims, the content of each unit. The third block is the control and evaluation. The content of the work of the third block includes organizational and methodological activities to assess the level of development of basic skills in children with ASD. According to the results of diagnosis, routes of individual development of each child, as required mid-term evaluation is carried out and a change of formation of skills development route have been made
138 kb

FEATURES OF SUBSTANTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOVEREIGNTY OF ADOLESCENTS LIVING IN FOSTER FAMILIES

abstract 1241610045 issue 124 pp. 708 – 719 30.12.2016 ru 188
The article investigates the psychological sovereignty of the individual at the stage of its development. The most striking of these steps is the period of adolescence. A study of psychological space of the individual is made to the example of children being brought up in his own family and children living in foster families
193 kb

MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT OF ATTITUDE TOWARD CREDITS OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT AGE

abstract 1231609073 issue 123 pp. 1049 – 1065 30.11.2016 ru 288
The article gives a psychological analysis of credit activity as a process of social exchange between the lender and the borrower. As a result of credit provision as exchange the borrower receives access to resource objects and resource relations. One of credit situations is a situation of borrower's personal default. It is introduced analysis of "personal default" concept in this article and is proposed its operational psychological definition. It is also substantiated its connection with other concepts (difficult life situation, economic stress, crisis of employment, etc). It has been studied motivational component of attitude toward credits by means of questionnaire related to credits attitude. During the study differences in motivation and purposes of crediting of potential and actual young and middle age borrowers have been found out. It has been revealed that typical motives of taking on credit are credit rigor and altruism for young people. The motive of altruistic behavior refuse is expressed by middle age persons. We have studied out connections between motives of crediting. We have found out negative connections between the motive of altruism and investment, intended use of borrowed funds, as well as between the fear of crediting and hedonism, dreaminess and conformability in crediting. Significant differences in credit purposes of young and middle-age respondents have been detected. Persons from 18 to 25 years took credit oftener for the purchase of luxury items (phone, furniture, PCs, TVs, home appliances). For borrowers from 35 to 45 years is typical to take on credits for purchase of real estate, investment in business, immediate needs – payment of medical services, repair of apartments, repayment of credit
Social Sciences and Humanities
5 articles
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 283
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 304
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
241 kb

METHODIC OF A MODERN MILITARY SERVICEMAN'S PROFESSIONAL ORIENTA-TION EVALUATION

abstract 1081504074 issue 108 pp. 1008 – 1018 30.04.2015 ru 1159
To the present stage, the process of becoming contract soldier professionals lasts up to 10 years or more, which is impermissible for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. One of the elements of a professional orientation of soldiers under contract is its evaluation. In the study, the authors have proposed evaluation methodology of professional orientation of contract soldiers. The validity and reliability assessment of the proposed methodic was carried out in two stages: stage 1 - respondents survey according to the methodic of M. Rokeach and getting their individual profiles; stage 2 - predicting the level of respondents professional military orientation, based on the assessment of proximity (conformity) of the respondents' individual profiles of value orientations to owned reference profiles. The evaluation of the internal (criterion) validity technique was performed as assessing the validity of the relationship between the influence and the observed results and the possibility to use this relationship to predict respondent's actions in future. Reliability of the methodic was assessed by three indicators. For all the indications we have obtained the results, showing the retest reliability of the proposed methodology of evaluation of military-professional orientation
Social Sciences and Humanities
39 articles
133 kb

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROCESSES IN THE SOVIET ABKHAZIA

abstract 1261702017 issue 126 pp. 234 – 243 28.02.2017 ru 129
The purpose of the article is to analyze the dynamics of the socio-economic sphere of Abkhazia during the Soviet period. It is shown that the structural changes in the economy of the territory associated with the integration of the all-Russian economic system, which determined the development of industry, agriculture and culture of Abkhazia. Political and economic integration of the subjects of the USSR of different levels connected to all the regions of the country in the economic organism, contributed to the fact that from a backward edge of Abkhazia turned into an advanced industrial-agrarian republic
151 kb

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF RUSSIANBELARUS RELATIONS

abstract 1241610058 issue 124 pp. 875 – 886 30.12.2016 ru 201
The purpose of the article is to analyze the factors affecting the process of interaction, the nature of relationships and everyday life of the Russian and Belarusian communities. Use the ideas of the system, interactionist, phenomenological and sociopsychological approaches. The empirical base totaled questionnaire data of the Russian population of the Krasnodar Region; secondary analysis of sociological data of Russian and Belarusian research teams. Knowledge of the factors and content of the mutual influence of ethno-cultural practices of Russian and Belarusian ethnic communities will help to predict the interactions and facilitate their consolidation and integration
175 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY’S INSTITUTE ON TRANSGRESSING SOCIETY

abstract 1231609013 issue 123 pp. 214 – 228 30.11.2016 ru 247
The article deals with influence of the institution of family on the transgressing experience in its various forms. The problem is quite relevant in view of the fact that the society gets out of structural limitations. Increasingly, social actors step over the border, which for many ordinary people are considered immutable, violate generally accepted course of events, the established norms of behavior and morality. In this regard, the authors discuss the phenomenon of transgression as an integral part of modern society, which is understood as a strategy to overcome social taboos, violation of cultural traditions, moral and religious regulators. In addition, the transgression may be regarded as a manifestation of freedom. Freedom from rules, regulations, prohibitions, including religious ones. And then it is quite possible the emergence of such a phenomenon as a religious transgression. The authors give a definition of religious transgression, which is the process overstep religious prohibitions designed to separate the man from his immersion in faith, radical overcoming taboos of religion, the transition from one religion to another. The article presents the results conducted in 2016 a search of sociological research on the basis of Astrakhan State University. Based on these studies, the authors conclude that it is the family becomes the unifying factor that helps in keeping the values in the course of religious transgression
Social Sciences and Humanities
20 articles
165 kb

PROBLEMS OF GENDER ASYMMETRY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: WAYS OF REGULATION

abstract 1271703015 issue 127 pp. 260 – 269 31.03.2017 ru 120
In the article we examine the gender approach in public administration. There were analyzed gender disparities in the public administration of the Russian Federation and their influence on managerial decisionmaking. We have found the distribution of power between the sexes and their relationship to gender stereotypes. There were suggested the ways of regulation of gender asymmetry in the public administration
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 244
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
159 kb

ETHNO SEPARATIST TERRORISM IN WEST EUROPE

abstract 1181604072 issue 118 pp. 1139 – 1153 29.04.2016 ru 706
For the purpose of this article, the analysis of the development of ethnoseparatism in West Europe has been undertaken. Under current conditions, the ethnical separatism threatens national security of series of European countries and territorial integrity. Special attention has been paid to social and political beginnings and causes of terrorism in Spain and Great Britain. The activity of such terrorist organizations as IRA and ETA has been researched. Ideological basis of violence, purposes and objectives, as well as the main stages of formation and development of these organizations have been disclosed. The author states that the use of the terrorism as a method of political struggle is destructive and does not facilitate a solution to the national problems. We have also considered approaches of the governments to solve the problems of separatism and terrorism on the territory of these countries. In their counter-terrorism efforts political leaders of Spain and Great Britain have used both methods of force and political and legal methods, namely, granting to the regions of wide economical and political independence, preservation of authentic cultural values and language of indigenous people. The formation of violence intolerance in public conscience as control method has become the main direction of the antiterrorist policy in the countries under consideration. Anti-terrorist model which has been developed by the European countries can be effective and useful for the regions being in ethnopolitical conflicts
Social Sciences and Humanities
25 articles
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MAIDEN HEADWEAR OF THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN TRADITIONAL RUSSIAN CULTURE OF XVIII-XIX

abstract 1281704021 issue 128 pp. 309 – 318 28.04.2017 ru 31
The author carried out a research about folk motifs in maiden headwear in the Russian north. The author finds out that headwear is an important part of women’s clothing that reflected aging and social changes in the lives of Russian women. Headwear had certain elements of the Upper world– the sun, water, goddess outstretching their hands into the sky. The author found out that a lot of attention was attached to a human head in women’s headwear: it had solar symbol on most of the embroidery (a radiant disk). If there were five elements on maiden’s bands, it was an indicator of a child-bearing age and often was followed by a marriage. A decorative element with 5 beams and female bodies with outstretched hands indicated her maidenhood, a connection with the sun and upper gods. Seven fragments of this pattern at the top point to child- bearing goddess; 7 pointy lines on the top on the headwear in the Russian north. The author also explains the meaning behind motifs on the headwear which represents a cosmologic system; it emphasizes the connection with the Universe. The author concludes that those motifs also revealed a complex nature of human outlook as helped ward off sinister forces. The symbols are multifaceted and require profound understanding. The structure per se expresses in every component a complex nature of the world
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RUSSIAN COSTUME IN RUSSIA OF THE XIV– XVIII CENTURIES

abstract 1271703013 issue 127 pp. 235 – 245 31.03.2017 ru 104
The article dwells on the reason that brought about changes in Russian folk costume in the XIV–XVIII centuries. Long time ago Russian towns that were located on the banks of Volga as well as Nizhniy Novgorod that had close connections with South Baltic and with Ganza played a significant role. It also establishes a connection between Russian population and overseas merchants from the areas of the Caspean, Blue (Aral) seas, and South-Western coast of the Baltic Sea. The author reviews a range of goods that were sold. The author shares their findings about Nizhniy Novgorod and later on Russia could get the merchant goods from Europe’s major cities during the XIV–XVIII centuries. The author also determines the fabric that was imported from Asian and Western countries that was used for manufacturing clothes for Russian nobility, merchants, and rich peasants. The author introduces new findings about women’s garment (pinafore) and new method of embroidery. Russian North because if its location (sea and ground ways) and business was adopted urban traditions which resulted in a new type of a pinafore dress. The author dwells on the business between Russia, Persia and Central Asiaand also finds out the contribution of the people from the area of the Volga River who enriched a range of artistic expression in Russian folk costumes and introduced oriental motives in them. Bright and dynamic accents appeared inholiday costumes of Russian people. Those clothes were made from eastern and European fabrics. The author examines the clothes of that time and infers that the fabric and decorative elements that were imported form abroad considerably enriched Russian folk costume: new methods of embroidery and bright colors in decorative elements
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ARCHETYPES IN RELIGION: FUNCTIONS AND METHODS OF RESEARCH

abstract 1271703071 issue 127 pp. 996 – 1009 31.03.2017 ru 124
The concept of archetype, introduced by Swiss psychoanalyst Karl G. Jung, eventually went beyond psychoanalytic research area. The concept of archetype was represented in philosophical and cultural context and in each of them, it has acquired a specific connotation. Being the structural elements of the human mentality, archetypes take key position in the culture. Their formative functions contribute to the expression of archetypes on the level of mythology and religion. These eternal symbols, originated from the depths of consciousness, are implemented universally and spontaneously, being manifested largely in religious culture. The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the functioning of the archetypes and identification of their main functions. In addition to that, this article marks the problem of choosing methodology for archetype research. This research allowed to identify the main function of archetypes such as regulative, integrative, protective and communicative
Physical Sciences and Engineering
17 articles
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THE ROLE OF LAND, WATER AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE CONFLICTS IN AFRICA AND THE WAY FORWARD

abstract 1221608020 issue 122 pp. 278 – 291 31.10.2016 ru 308
The scarcity of natural resources has become a serious problem in terms of security in the world. This article examines the role of the limited resources in conflicts in Africa. The main source of conflict is the issue of control of resources and the right to a healthy environment. Here we consider the case of the regional conflicts in the African context. A large number of major rivers in Africa also have been the cause of conflicts between the riparian countries. However, most of these problems have been successfully solved, and in many cases, this process led to the formation of regional blocs for economic and diplomatic cooperation in the region. In addition to inter-State disputes, there are also internal disputes among regions or states within the same country for the control of resources. However, in some cases these regions have developed wellcoordinated approaches to resolving the disputes: either by judicial apportionment, congressional action or based on negotiated compacts. In general, we believe that a careful application of equitable resource-sharing formula to volatile areas is a basic condition for peace and stability in Africa
2613 kb

APPLICATION OF CLIMATIC INDICES FOR EVALUATION OF REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS

abstract 1211607016 issue 121 pp. 425 – 448 30.09.2016 ru 422
In the article we consider the results of the study of climatic attractiveness of the South of Russia from the point of view of tourism development. Formal definition of attractiveness was reached by using a wide spread concept of climatic indices. Any climatic index is calculated by a set of medical and biological characteristics. The latter are defined on the basis of human physiology. Indices, which are used for evaluation of attractiveness of one or another region from the point of view of recreation and tourism, have certain peculiarities. Very often they are calculated using poorly formalized and arguable indications like psychological feeling of meteorological characteristics and even aesthetic perception. Taking into account above mentioned experience we have suggested a new approach for evaluation of climatic tourist indices basing on initial (standard 3 hour discretion) meteorological observations with maximum possible exclusion from a calculation scheme all subjective parameters. Our approach is based on a well-known method of Mieczkowski [4]. The method was developed more than 30 ears ago and is still widely applied. Our method allows objectively evaluate nonsmoothed index values because it takes into account combinations of meteorological characteristics with maximum available discretion during the day. A method demonstrated its capability for evaluation of regional variations in tourist attractiveness. We analyzed 40–year dynamics of attractiveness in the region being in the focus of the study
621 kb

INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEXITY OF ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE TERRITORIES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607129 issue 121 pp. 2031 – 2044 30.09.2016 ru 431
One of the main problems at engineering-geological researches is the choice of the most suitable territory for construction of designed projects and constructions. The most dangerous threat to the economy and the security of the Krasnodar region are geohazards. The article provides an expert evaluation of engineering-geological conditions of the territory, the map-scheme of evaluation of engineeringgeological zoning of the region. The characteristic is given to the engineering-geological taxons allocated on degree of usefulness of conditions
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