Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo

Sections

Physical Sciences and Engineering
380 articles
469 kb

ABOUT EULER FUNCTION

abstract 1271703004 issue 127 pp. 113 – 125 31.03.2017 ru 47
The Euler function is very important in number theory and in Mathematics, however, the range of its values in the natural numbers has not been written off. The greatest value of the Euler function reaches on Prime numbers, furthermore, it is multiplicative. The value of the Euler function is closely associated with the values of the Moebius function and the function values of the sum of the divisors of the given natural number. The Euler function is linked with systems of public key encryption. The individual values of the Euler function behave irregularly because of the irregular distribution of primes in the natural numbers. This tract is illustrated in the article with charts; summatory function for the Euler function and its average value are more predictable. We prove the formula of Martinga and, based on it, we study the approximation accuracy of the average value of the Euler function with corresponding quadratic polynomial. There is a new feature associated with the average value of the Euler function and calculate intervals of its values. We also introduce the concept of density values of the Euler function and calculate its value on the interval of the natural numbers. It can be noted that the results of the behavior of the Euler function are followed by the results in the behavior of functions of sums of divisors of natural numbers and vice versa. We have also given the results of A.Z.Valfish and A.N.Saltykov on this subject
158 kb

THE MECHANISM OF HUMAN EXPOSURE TO THE MAGNETIC FIELD OF THE EARTH AND THE SUN

abstract 1271703006 issue 127 pp. 138 – 149 31.03.2017 ru 44
There is a discussion about the question of the mechanism of the action of the magnetic field of the Earth and the Sun on the human body. It is noted that in the 21st century an international conference on the subject "Man and electromagnetic fields" is regularly held, as well as the international congress "Weak and superweak fields and radiation in biology and medicine". This indicates the importance of studying the effect of electromagnetic fields on the human body. Participants in these conferences and congresses give a lot of experimental data on the influence of various factors on various biological objects. However, there is no theoretical justification for the influence of these fields on the human body. In this connection, in order to solve this problem, the article analyzes the atomic composition of the human body. It is shown that the human body more than 60% consists of hydrogen atoms. On the example of a hydrogen atom, the interaction of the magnetic moment of an electron of an atom with an external magnetic field is considered. This leads to a precession motion of the electron's orbit. Taking into account the fact that photons rotate around electrons in atoms and the temperature is determined by the bulk density of photon energy, the appearance of precessional electron motion will lead to an increase in the frequency of oscillation of photons and, consequently, to an increase in their energy and body temperature. This is confirmed by the fact that the body temperature changes during the day, and, it is minimal in the morning and increases by the evening. The chemical elements of the human body, related to different groups of magnets, are analyzed. It is noted that the external magnetic field has the greatest influence on the state of the human body through a ferromagnet - iron. It is concentrated in the blood, up to 60% in hemoglobin. It is a complex iron-containing blood protein, an integral part of erythrocyte - red blood cells, oxygen carriers. Under conditions of an increase in the intensity of the external magnetic field or the immobile state of the body, the orientation of the individual erythrocytes will increase due to their iron atoms in the direction of the external field. This will lead to the pooling of erythrocytes into clusters, that is, to the formation of unique magnetic domains with a significant increase in the viscosity of the blood and a decrease in its circulatory ability. The last is confirmed by the fact that in people suffering from cardiovascular diseases, heart attacks and strokes most often occur in the early morning especially during periods of solar magnetic storms
495 kb

MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF RESEARCH OF INVERSE DYNAMIC ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

abstract 1271703007 issue 127 pp. 150 – 163 31.03.2017 ru 39
The article continues the cycle of their studies associated with the formulation and development of methods of construction of nonnegative solutions of inverse problems for dynamic systems. In practice, we have developed and tested mathematical models of dynamic systems. The basis of these models was based on the apparatus of linear algebra, mathematical analysis, mathematical programming, differential equations, optimization methods, optimal control theory, probability theory, stochastic processes, operations research, game theory, statistical analysis. The inverse problem in various models of mathematical Economics was considered rare. These tasks were sufficiently well investigated in the study of physical processes. As shown by the analysis of the theoretical and applied studies of economic processes they represent considerable interest for practice. Therefore, the article considered the inverse problem of the mathematical model, as shown already introduced the results of other mathematical models, are of considerable interest in applied and theoretical research. In this article the authors formulated and investigated the inverse problem for dynamical systems zero-order and the model of Keynes. For their solution, the authors propose to build a system of algebraic equations, then, using methods of quadratic programming, to find the best average of mean square estimation of the model parameter, which are defined in MS Excel
Physical Sciences and Engineering
47 articles
181 kb

RESEARCH IN MICRODEFICIENCY OF POLYMERS (ELASTOMER COMPOSITIONS) UNDER UNIAXIAL DEFORMATION

abstract 1271703062 issue 127 pp. 885 – 894 31.03.2017 ru 36
Macrodeficiency of polymeric materials, including the pervasive one, is a consequence of the development of initial microdefects which appear in polymers both due to external factors and during their processing. This article solves the task of identification the interrelation and interdependence of structural microdefects of various polymeric materials, consisting in the estimation of the structural parameters under uniaxial deformation. It is experimentally shown that the process of changing microdefects in the material bulk begins to flow more intensely during deformation of the material, having anisotropic structures in the bulk. Change of the parameters of microdefects is not observed compared to the starting material at small quantities of the deformation. In the area of deformation corresponding to the transition of the material from isotropic to anisotropic state parameters of microdefects do not depend on the degree of deformation of the sample, and abrupt changes of the parameters of microdefects are observed after completing the formation of anisotropic patterns. It is shown experimentally the identity of the parameters of microdefects in the bulk material (rubber-based natural caoutchouc) during deformation with the quantities of local deformations at the edge of the artificially created macrodefects. Under uniaxial deformation more than 280-300% and the growth of the quantities of local deformations come out at the edge of the artificially created macrodefects and normalized linear dimension k and decrease the total number n of microdefects
190 kb

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE CORRECTION OF PH SOFTENED WATER IN A LONG CHANNEL OF ELECTRODIALYSIS WITH BIPOLAR MEMBRANE

abstract 1261702002 issue 126 pp. 33 – 49 28.02.2017 ru 40
Theoretically and experimentally, we investigated the process of adjusting the pH of natural water of hydrocarbonate class electrodialyzer with bipolar membranes with channel length of 40 cm. We experimentally measured concentration of components, pH of the solutions in alkaline and acid channels of electrodeposition depending on the current density. The article describes a mathematical model for long channels; to scale the mass transfer characteristics of the process there was applied and verified a method of compartmentalization, which gave the possibility to calculate the dependence of the component along the channel length at different velocities of flow of the solution. Numerical calculations were compared with experimental data on electrodialyser of 10 cm and 40 cm length
498 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF A METHOD FOR FIXING PERFTORSULFOPOLIMER MF-4SK ON A HETEROGENEOUS MEMBRANE-SUBSTRATE

abstract 1251701015 issue 125 pp. 223 – 234 31.01.2017 ru 122
The article illustrates the results of the research dedicated to finding a method of combining two polymeric materials - ion-exchange membranes having different chemical nature. It shows a method of applying a homogenous film MF 4SK on the surface of the heterogeneous membrane substrate to produce a chemically and mechanically stable asymmetric bipolar membrane. We have selected membrane substrate ensuring the best electrochemical performance
Life Sciences
485 articles
737 kb

"RARE PUMPKIN" IN STAMPS – THE HISTORY OF PLANTS, DISTRIBUTION AND ICONOGRAPHY

abstract 1271703011 issue 127 pp. 204 – 221 31.03.2017 ru 36
In the article we consider illustrative images of rare pumpkin cultures presented in stamps of different countries. In this work, we analyze stamps which represent rare pumpkin cultures. Stamps are reflection of the economy; they portray agriculture and elements of technology of agricultural production. Cucurbitaceae family includes a large number of species that are very different from each other in the form of fruits, in purpose, in origin. The objective of our study was to conduct a visual analysis of rare pumpkin crops, which are used in the world; to reflect the research progress on the introduction and the achievement of breeding work. The article provides an analysis of several cultures: momordika (Momordica charantia L.), Kiva (Kiwano), horned melon, cucumber Antilles, (Cucumis metuliferus L.); Akantositsios Naudin (Acanthosicyos naudinianus L.); momordica balsamina (Momordica Balsamina L.); koktsiniya (Coccinia sessifolia L.); luffa cylindrical (Luffa cylindrica L.); Lagenaria (Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.); cucumber snake (Trichosanthes anguina L.); antilles cucumber, anguria (Cucumis anguria L.); african cucumber (Cucumis africanus Lindl); wax gourd (Benincasa hispida (Thunb) Cogn..); chayota or mexican cucumber (Sechium edule Swartz). The analysis of the iconography of images of rare pumpkin crops in stamps of different countries allowed us to see the history of culture introduction of wild pumpkin from the local and foreign flora
164 kb

EFFECT OF GOLD NANOPARTICLES ON SEEDS GERMINATION OF WINTER BARLEY

abstract 1271703018 issue 127 pp. 295 – 307 31.03.2017 ru 40
The article presents experimental data on the research of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with mean diameter 15 nm and 50 nm effect on seeds germination and growth of 3-day-old etiolated coleoptiles and roots. Compared with distilled water (control) initial colloidal solution of 15 nm and 50 nm GNPs (57 µg/ml) had no significant impact on seeds germination and growth of coleoptiles and roots. However, in both cases a weak tendency to stimulation of the coleoptile growth and root growth inhibition was observed. Reduction of 15 nm GNPs concentration down to 10 µg/ml and 1 µg/ml had not effect on the growth of the seedlings, but stimulated seed germination up to twofold. Similar concentrations of 50 nm GNPs exerted the stimulating effect on seed germination (twofold) and the growth of root and coleoptiles. Seedlings grew especially intensive in colloidal GNPs solution with Au concentration of 10 µg/ml. Temperature rise of 2 degrees (from 25°C to 27°C) resulted in growth increase of control 3-day-old seedlings and opposite effect of 50 nm GNPs: coleoptiles and roots growth fell behind control seedlings growth by 16-17%. However, on the 4th day, the relative growth slowdown of control seedlings occurred at 27°C and growth stimulation effect under the influence of 50 nm GNPs appeared again. Over time, the stimulating effect of 50 nm GNPs decreased: at the end of October it weakened, and in November – beginning of December, it was no observed for the roots, and there was a decline in coleoptiles growth. However, in all cases the effect of stimulation of seeds germination persisted under the influence of 50 nm GNPs, weakening by December. We hypothesize the molecular mechanisms of biological action of GNPs
175 kb

MORPHOLOGICAL VARIABILITY OF IRIS HALOPHILA AN INTRODUCTION IN CENTRAL YAKUTIA

abstract 1271703048 issue 127 pp. 713 – 722 31.03.2017 ru 33
Investigation variability of morphological features of Iris halophila an introduction in Central Yakutia. Dependence of morphological variability of Iris halophila on quantity of dropping-out rainfall in initial habitats is revealed
Physical Sciences and Engineering
19 articles
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 268
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 1169
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
306 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE NaCI

abstract 1081504070 issue 108 pp. 962 – 973 30.04.2015 ru 1357
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore NaCI
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1563 articles
1331 kb

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF THE THEORY AND THE METHODOLOGY OF SCIENTIFIC COGNITION AND THE AUTOMATED SYSTEM-COGNITIVE ANALYSIS AS AN AUTOMATED METHOD OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE, PROVIDING MEANINGFUL PHENOMENOLOGICAL MODELING

abstract 1271703001 issue 127 pp. 1 – 60 31.03.2017 ru 40
In the author's interpretation we consider concepts and methods of science, such as science, knowledge, model, gnosticism and agnosticism, the principle of Ashby, facts, empirical regularity, empirical law, scientific law, and others. We have formulated the main problem of the science, concluding that cognitive abilities of a human are limited and do not provide effective knowledge in a very large volume of data. The solution to this problem is to look at ways of automation of scientific research. Traditionally, we use information-measuring systems and automated systems research (ASNI) for this. However, the mathematical methods used in these systems, impose strict impracticable requirements to the source data, which dramatically reduces the effectiveness and applicability of these systems in practice. Instead of having to submit to the source data impracticable requirements (like the normality of the distribution, absolute accuracy and complete replications of all combinations of values of factors and their full independence and additivity) automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) offers (without any pre-processing) to understand the data and thereby convert them into information and then convert this information to knowledge by its application to achieve targets (i.e. for controlling) and for solution for problems of classification, decision support and meaningful empirical research of the modeled subject area. ASC-analysis is a systematic analysis, considered as a method of scientific cognition. This is a highly automated method of scientific knowledge that has its own developed and constantly improving software tool – an intellectual system called "Eidos". The system of "Eidos" has been developed in a generic setting, independent of any domain and can be applied in all subject areas, in which people apply their natural intelligence. The "Eidos" system is a tool of cognition, which greatly increases the possibility of natural intelligence, just like microscopes and telescopes multiply the possibilities of vision (but in this case only if you have this possibility). The study proposes a new view of the models: phenomenological meaningful model, which is currently represented only by systemic cognitive models, and which is currently in the middle between empirical and theoretical knowledge. The system called "Eidos" is considered as a tool of automation of the learning process, providing meaningful synthesis of phenomenological models directly on the basis of empirical data
323 kb

SMALL-SIZED MACHINES CREATION VIA ENGINEERING GEOMETRY AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS METHODS

abstract 1271703005 issue 127 pp. 126 – 137 31.03.2017 ru 39
A number of small-sized machines for division of loose materials on the basis of screw drums created with use of engineering geometry and computer graphics methods, in particular of the engineering geometry section: curves and surfaces. In these machines, unlike the known ones, the effect of the movement of bulks on the curvilinear surfaces of screw reels with imposing of low-frequency fluctuations from the vibrator on this main movement is used. Such addition of two movements does not only increase productivity, but also provides self-cleaning of the sifting surfaces of screw drums. The standard machine’s schemes are presented with use of low-frequency fluctuations on the basis of the screw drums made of several screw punched strips with smooth screw lines on perimeter and also of screw drums of only one of punched strips with various form of cross section of the sifting surface
183 kb

FORMULATION AND ESTIMATION OF CONSUMER PROPERTIES OF WAFERS WITH FILLING, ENRICHED WITH FOOD ADDITIVES

abstract 1271703010 issue 127 pp. 193 – 203 31.03.2017 ru 37
Based on the complex of studies carried out, the formulation of wafers (wafer sheets) enriched with food additives "Powder from the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke" and skimmed sunflower lecithin was developed, as well as the formulation of fat filling enriched with a complex of food additives "Powder from tubers of Jerusalem artichoke", "Powder from hips" And low-fat sunflower lecithin. A recipe was developed and an assessment of the organoleptic and physicochemical parameters of enriched waffles with a filling was made. The storage period, ensuring safety and maximum preservation of consumer properties, was established. The study of the nutritional value of the developed waffles with filling allowed to establish that in comparison with the control sample they contain inulin and vitamin C, while the degree of satisfaction of the daily demand for these nutrients with consumption of 100 g of the developed product is 16.46 and 24.65% respectively. In addition, the developed products, in comparison with the control sample, are characterized by an increased content of dietary fiber, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins B1, B2 and B6
Life Sciences
979 articles
243 kb

THE PRODUCTIVITY OF PERENNIAL GRASS HERBAGE IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER DURING THE VEGETATION PERIOD

abstract 1271703014 issue 127 pp. 246 – 259 31.03.2017 ru 50
The article is devoted to the estimation of the dependence of perennial grass herbage’s productivity on the dose and distribution of nitrogen fertilizers during the vegetation, as well as from the dynamics of the species composition by years of use. It was revealed that for cocksfoot-timothy grass mixture an increase in the rate of nitrogen fertilizer for every 10 kg of active ingredient leads to an increase of yield by 0.27 tons/ha. The selection of components of grass mixtures and rational fertilizer doses forms the herbage which provides a yield of about 7,0-12,0 tons/ha of dry mass and 58,1-99,6 GJ of energy exchange. It is established that competitive relations in grass mixtures are exacerbated with increasing doses of fertilizers. The timothy grass develops successfully in a mixture with the cocksfoot with a low level of mineral nutrition (N80). A high level of mineral nutrition speeds up the formation of single-species herbage - the cocksfoot. Meadow fescue grass provides sustainable yields on medium and high backgrounds of mineral fertilizers in combination with the cocksfoot. Recommendations for a nitrogen dose of more than 200 kg per hectare for fertilizing mixed grass crops with the cocksfoot and about 100 kg per hectare for clover-cereals mixtures without cocksfoot are suggested
346 kb

ORIGIN OF SORGHUM AND DEVELOPMENT OF ITS BREEDING

abstract 1271703017 issue 127 pp. 281 – 294 31.03.2017 ru 39
Sorghum is cultivated in many countries of the world on around 50 ml hectares. The main producers of sorghum are India, Nigeria, Sudan and the USA. Sorghum comes from equatorial Africa. India and China are the secondary places of origin and formation. The USA achieved great success in breeding, seedgrowing and agro technologies of grain sorghum. In the country sorghum occupies 14.4% of the world amount of sowing areas; the gross yield is 40%. Sorghum breeding on Don was started by E.S. Yakushevsky in 1938. In 1963 after a long break the work was restarted at the Zernograd Breeding Station headed by Ya.I. Issakov. At present the amount of sowing areas for sorghum is constantly increasing in RF (220.3 thousand ha in 2015). It occurs due to aridity of climate and more frequent use of the crop as insurance. Besides, the development of white kernel varieties gave an opportunity to use sorghum for starch and spirit. There are 221 varieties and hybrids of sorghum registered in the State List. The main directions of breeding work with grain sorghum are early maturity, suitability for mechanical harvesting, productivity and grain quality. The ARRIGC developed the white kernel early maturing varieties ‘Velikan’, ‘Zernogradskoe 88’, ‘Ataman’ without necessity to be dried after harvesting, with productivity of 8 t/ha. The main directions of breeding work with sweet sorghum are early maturity, high intensity of initial growth, low height, resistance to lodging, high productivity and quality of green chop. The ARRIGC developed the varieties for fodder use (‘Listvenit’), for spirit and treacle (‘Debyut’ and ‘Zernogradsky Yantar’). Sorghum due to origin and varietal diversity even in dry and hot parts of the world allow obtaining stable, high yields of grain and green chop. This makes sorghum the leading grain-forage and food crop
1924 kb

3D MODELING OF THE HISTORICAL OBJECT OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE EXEMPLIFIED BY PETROVSKY GARDEN IN PETROZAVODSK

abstract 1271703023 issue 127 pp. 353 – 362 31.03.2017 ru 38
Petrovsky garden was founded in 1703 and is the most important historical object of landscape architecture in Petrozavodsk. Tikhon Balandin made a description and drawing of Petrovsky garden at the beginning of the 19th century. He completed his work by studying and measuring the fragments of the earthen fortress, blast furnace and the location of the destroyed palace, pond and birch garden. On the basis of the historical documents, we created a 3D model of Petrovsky garden using of modern computer-aided design. Threedimensional model of the garden allows viewing the object from different angles, gives an idea about structure and compositions of the garden on a new visual level. Some examples of visualization garden fragments were presented at the article. Now the garden doesn’t have its original structure. The historical garden layout and 3D model of object can be used for reconstruction of Petrovsky garden
Social Sciences and Humanities
101 articles
139 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH JOURNALISM IN THE ERA OF THE TANZIMAT

abstract 1261702019 issue 126 pp. 255 – 265 28.02.2017 ru 35
For some of the Eastern countries - Turkey, Iran, China and Japan - XIX century passed under the sign of reform. Studying these countries today is important and relevant. Such an experience could be a tool for analyzing the reform aspirations of modern mankind, which is especially valuable for those situations which are determined by the trend of rapid economic and technological progress. Hence, there is a certain increase in interest of turkologists in recent years to study reforms in Turkey deeply, especially the period of the so-called "beneficent reforms" ( "Tanzimat-i hayriye"), which lasted for more than thirty years - from 1839 to 1876
156 kb

FEATURES OF MILITARY SERVICE IN WESTERN SIBERIA DURING 1865-1906

abstract 1251701048 issue 125 pp. 712 – 723 31.01.2017 ru 129
In spite of the fact that the name of the district during its existence was changed (Western-Siberian, Omsk, Siberian), the authors accepted the name “the Siberian military district” for the benefit of the material representation. Chronological frameworks of the article cover the period from 1865 (the date of the creation of the Western-Siberian military district) to 1906 when the Siberian military district has been divided up into Omsk and Irkutsk districts. The article considers some features of active service in military units and institutions of the Siberian military district during 1865-1906, in view of condition diversity in Western Siberia. They are the features of the regional climate, the features of the officer personnel formation in the district, the features of its class structure (which is a source of replacement of the organized units’ staff, district subunits and a mobilization resource in case of the war beginning) and some organization issues of the military’s everyday life in Western Siberia. The authors pay a special attention to the problems of character training, the organization of the service arm and the troop training in the Siberian military district. They also underline a low level of literacy among the district population and the staff of the district divisions and units. The main idea of the article is that the government has paid little attention to the military component of Western Siberia development from the earliest times up to now
122 kb

THEY WERE THE FIRST: THE DIRECTORS OF THE CHECHEN-INGUSH STATE PEDAGOGICAL/ TEACHER TRAINING INSTITUTE IN THE 1938-1951 YEARS

abstract 1251701053 issue 125 pp. 790 – 799 31.01.2017 ru 121
The article attempted to characterize the contribution of the first Directors of the Chechen- Ingush state pedagogical/teaching Institute - F. E. Bykova and A. P. Efleeva in the formation of higher pedagogical school in Checheno-Ingushetia in 1938-1951
Social Sciences and Humanities
1546 articles
199 kb

THE ECONOMIC POTENTIAL OF RENEWABLE ENERGY

abstract 1271703008 issue 127 pp. 164 – 175 31.03.2017 ru 46
The article discusses the economic potential of renewable energy sources and prospects of their use in Russia, in particular, in the Krasnodar region. Briefly describe all sources of renewable energy, their energy potential, discussed in detail the potential of biogas
350 kb

TO THE EXTENSION OF UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROBLEM OF FORMATION OF FLEXIBLE AND ADAPTIVE STRUCTURES OF REPRODUCTION IN AIC

abstract 1271703009 issue 127 pp. 176 – 192 31.03.2017 ru 34
The acceleration of the reproduction process intensifies the traditional contradiction of any organization between strategic goal setting and necessity to react efficiently and adaptively to situational changes of the market that in its turn supposes the presence of institutes and mechanisms of such qualities as flexibility and adaptability on the one hand, and sustainability on the other at organizational structures. That is, in modern and restructured organizations initially when they are created, such properties as adaptive and flexible shapes, structures, mechanisms and tools must be laid. It implies the search of new methodological approaches which are the most relevant to this situation and, in particular, the finding of the solution of the contradiction between the search of standard approaches and creative decisions between formalization and self-organization
221 kb

THE ROLE OF FOREIGN INVESTMENTS IN DEVELOPMENTS OF ECONOMICS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1271703012 issue 127 pp. 222 – 234 31.03.2017 ru 49
Foreign investments are one of the integral parts in the structure of international capital flows. There are various forms of foreign capital. In the analysis of these forms general principles to the classification of investments that involve, and sometimes reglamentary, their separation on targets, deadlines, investments, forms of ownership of resources investment, risks and other characteristics can be used. Investment activity may be represented in the form of investments, regardless of their source of income and outflow in the country of investment, different forms to obtain economic benefits (profit) and the achievement of other macro - and micro - goals of the government. Analysis of the data of The Rosstat and Bank of Russia indicates that in the Russian Federation there is a significant decline in the inflow and outflow of foreign investment and the export of capital, as before, exceeds import, which characterizes the investment climate unfavorable to investment of foreign capital in the Russian economy. This phenomenon is due to the anti-Russian sanctions aimed at reducing Russia's influence in the international relationships and reduce its capacity. International investment cooperation does not meet potential opportunities. Therefore, it is necessary to not only search for new forms and methods of mutual investments but also search the creation of modern infrastructure investment complex in the field of foreign economic cooperation and strategic partnership. The attraction of foreign investments into the Russian economy requires significant organizational efforts from the Russian federal and regional authorities, and private companies, financial institutions. It should be aimed at reviving the economy and getting access to advanced technologies and methods of management; contribute to the effective production, integration into the world economic system
Social Sciences and Humanities
97 articles
149 kb

IDEOLOGY OF THE RUSSIAN STATEHOOD AND DOMESTIC PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITION

abstract 1261702046 issue 126 pp. 649 – 662 28.02.2017 ru 42
The ideology of the Russian statehood has essential value both in connection with globalization tendencies, and in connection with problems of development of the Russian civil identity. In the article we give an assessment of shortcomings of ideological process of the USSR in connection with the nihilistic attitude towards domestic spiritual tradition. The main lines of traditional Russian philosophy essential from the point of view of history of ideological consciousness in Russia are considered
137 kb

HOW PHILOSOPHY BECAME «A LITERATURE GENRE»

abstract 1261702047 issue 126 pp. 663 – 673 28.02.2017 ru 36
In the article we have observed the main theoretical and methodological issues of European philosophy streams in the second half of XX century, which refused the image of philosophy as exact science, based on logic conceptual tool. We have shown the connection of poststructuralist formations and structuralist scheme in creating «discourse typology», a new discipline which implies philosophy to be considered as one of literature genres. Structuralists’ search starts from the description of invariable, static structures that help to create separate pieces of fiction. The latter are observed as isolated situations in which these atomic structures are used. Such attitude, as revealed in the article, results in two deductions. The first considers literature having no specific features compared to other types of discourse, i.e. it does not exist as such. (Ts.Todorov) The second deduction implies that being aware of the logical creation of any meaning reader’s hermeneutics is seen as unnecessary. These deductions resulted in a new scientific discipline «discourse typology», developed by structuralists. This stream was continued by poststructuralists, i.e. strategy to «poetize philosophy» is justified by the expansion of the object for science cognition in the direction of not verifiable and not rationalized, requiring separate methods of study as well as description language. Consequently, philosophical discourse becomes that very descriptive language that helps to overcome «logocentrism» of traditional thinking. Further in the article we consider the main «logomachy» strategies developed by J.Derrida, i.e. «deconstruction», «structure decentration», «critics of transcendental significatum», «critics of structural properties of the construction»
191 kb

ISOMORPHISM OF SYSTEM STAGES OF EVOLUTION

abstract 1261702048 issue 126 pp. 674 – 690 28.02.2017 ru 39
The article discusses and explains the similarity of organizational, structural and functional «solutions» at different system stages of the evolutionary development presented in nature and society. It is shown that at any level of biological organisation transition to a new stages of evolutionary development is implemented not only via «classical» individual changes (adaptations) of the particular organisms, but also by means of: 1) integration of organisms into the new systems of «superorganisms», 2) the differentiation of their functions or the division of labor, and 3) the development of internal and external communication, integrated into the overall communication system, ranging from single cells to ecological and social communication. The article argues that the distinctive characteristic of the present stage of evolution is cumulative cultural evolution of complex social systems that support (scaffold) the development of their individuals, through learning processes. It is shown that such social systems still have structural and functional isomorphism with biological systems; however, their reproduction and transmission implemented predominantly through more developed in the human community non-genetic inheritance systems, the advanced division of labour and distributed cognition.
Social Sciences and Humanities
214 articles
423 kb

RESEARCH ON THE SO-CALLED THIEVES' NOTIONS FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF FUNCTIONAL-PRAGMATIC TYPOLOGY OF LINGUASEMIOTIC EXPERIENCE

abstract 1271703002 issue 127 pp. 61 – 78 31.03.2017 ru 38
The article focuses on the place of the (Thieves') Notions in the hierarchy of values in criminal activity from the viewpoint of functional-pragmatic typology of linguasemiotic experience. The Notions are intentions (intentials) that correlate to the upper (The Thieves' Law) and lower (Limits/Thieves' Commandments) levels of the hierarchy of values. The Notions were described in diachronic aspect with regard to their place and esoteric functions in the Master Felons' Law. The functional-pragmatic typology was aimed to show the differences in the ways of distribution of reference features (categorization processes), what reflects in formalization (ritualization and folkization) of social behaviour. Such approach was based on a panchronic connection of the idea of informational kind to the idea of energo-material kind. When correlating with the upper level of the hierarchy of values, the Notions can be considered a Random Access Memory connected to a slow encoded memory of greater capacity (The Thieves' Law). The Notions provide for a faster reaction of an individual when making a choice in criminal activity
175 kb

TYPOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTING STRUCTURES (BASED ON THE MATERIAL OF MEDIATEXTS OF MODERN PUBLICISM)

abstract 1271703027 issue 127 pp. 404 – 415 31.03.2017 ru 41
The concession is understood by the authors as one of the main ways of creating, denoting or highlighting the meaning of inferiority in the media text. The main function of the concessionary relations is the realization of the contradiction of the ineffective basis (the concession event) and the actual effect that is contrary to it, contrary to what is expected. The article gives a typology of concessive constructions as constituents of the concession field. There is the incompatibility of two situations in such constructions, their mutually exclusive nature is established and it is confirmed that there is the simultaneity of the coexistence of these situations. The paper analyzes the representativeness of the real-concessional, concomitantly-presumptive and intensively conceding situations. The authors classify concessions in the structural-semantic aspect, revealing additional values (restrictive, comparative, connecting, conditional, etc.). The material of the study is constructions, seized by the method of continuous sampling in the amount of 500 units from the certain Internet publications and newspapers. It was applied the method of continuous sampling and the synchronous-descriptive method, including the methods of classification, systematization and analysis to the analysis of linguistic material. The authors of the article come to the conclusion that in the field of conciseness of modern media text, the leading modification of the significance of a concession is the actual concession value. The semantics of the concession is represented in the language of journalism by a multidimensional system of means for formalizing the relations of inverse conditioning
131 kb

MODERN ANTHROPONYM CONSTRUCTIONS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS BASED ON THE NOVEL “HARRY POTTER AND THE PHILOSOPHER’S STONE” AND “HARRY POTTER AND THE CHAMBER OF SECRETS” BY J.K.ROWLING

abstract 1271703045 issue 127 pp. 674 – 682 31.03.2017 ru 44
The article deals with the investigation of different naming constructions of characters in the novel, which indicates emotiveness in communicative acts. In due course of the analysis the concept of “social fields” has been introduced in order to reveal the means of emotional expression. The naming of the individual with different anthroponym forms (a name, a surname, nickname, etc.), introducing the concept of social field (SF), made it necessary to use such concepts as “norm/not norm” in the analysis of function proper names. Because of breaching the norms of naming proper names take emotional coloration. Such emotionality may be positive or negative. It depends on many factors: a situation of communication, social field the communicators belong to, their view of life, etc. The emphasis of the norm and not norm of naming in every social field helps us to identify the character of emotions and disclose the relationships of characters to the anthroponym by means of naming. Any not norm of naming is the change of character’s relationships to the anthroponym
Social Sciences and Humanities
18 articles
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 111
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
166 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1241610094 issue 124 pp. 1428 – 1438 30.12.2016 ru 127
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and Russia, such as charter programs to Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
292 kb

ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF WARM WATER DISCHANGE OF GUSINOOZERSKAYA GRES ON THE ICE REGIME OF GUSINOE LAKE (IN THE WESTERN TRANSBAIKALIA)

abstract 1161602022 issue 116 pp. 298 – 305 29.02.2016 ru 650
The article is devoted to the assessment adverse effects of Gusinoozerskaya GRES on the ecosystem of Lake Gusinoe. It shows the dynamics of the ice regime of Lakes Gusinoe near Gusinoozerskaya GRES. Is noted that industrial pollution reduces the quality of the water in the lake
Social Sciences and Humanities
331 articles
287 kb

ORGANIZATIONAL AND TACTICAL ASPECTS OF INTERACTION WITHIN AN INVESTIGATIVE TEAM IN THE COURSE OF DETECTION AND INVESTIGATION OF MULTI EPISODE COMPLEX COLLECTIVE CRIMES

abstract 1271703003 issue 127 pp. 79 – 112 31.03.2017 ru 35
As a result of the analysis of scientific and special literature, and summarizing the forensic investigative and operational practices and the views of experts from the investigative team, the author came to the conclusion that the activities of the head of an investigative body and inquiry agency should include a mechanism of control over the execution of organizational and other activities planned for the interaction system. Therefore, an analytical and methodical organizational headquarters to manage the interaction within the investigative team should be used. The author also believes that it’s necessary to provide the interaction between the staff of the preliminary investigation and inquiry, as well as officials carrying out the operational searching activity during the whole period of the investigative team activities. The forms of interaction should be presented as a set of cooperative and agreed criminal procedure and organizational and administrative actions of the investigator, the head of the investigative team and the inquiry agency, on the basis of operational or operational and tactical availability in conjunction with the methods of operational and investigative activities and proceedings in compliance with the principles of criminal procedure law and the Federal law "On the OSA" for the purpose of direct execution of the criminal procedure legislation and the solution of tasks of the operational searching activities
122 kb

QUESTIONING WITNESSES IN CASES OF CRIMES AGAINST FAMILY AND MINORS

abstract 1271703040 issue 127 pp. 595 – 603 31.03.2017 ru 43
The article describes some main scientific and practical recommendations of the group methodology of the investigation by questioning witnesses in cases of crimes against family and minors
302 kb

SITUATIONAL APPROACH AS A MAJOR FACTOR OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS OF INVESTIGATION PLANNING BY AN INVESTIGATIVE TEAM IN CASES OF MULTI EPISODE COMPLEX COLLECTIVE CRIMES

abstract 1261702032 issue 126 pp. 434 – 470 28.02.2017 ru 41
After analyzing scientific papers on the topic of many scholars, the author focuses on the situational approach as a major factor of the organizational aspects of the investigation planning by an investigative team in cases of multi episode complex collective crimes. It has been suggested that the planning and organization of the investigation is preceded by the predictive assessment of the investigation situation, determination of the pattern of a detective’s actions and programming and simulation of the investigation process. All processes require the implementation of organizational and administrative activity of the head of the investigative team. However, the initial investigation planning for one or more crimes is reduced only to a description of the investigative situations, to the presentation of a list of investigative actions and operational searching activities without the agreed plan and appointment of the participants in such activities. Consequently, the situational approach in planning can minimize errors during investigative activities and optimize the work of the investigative team dealing with the multi episode crime particularly complex in terms of investigative and procedural actions and operational and searching activities
Social Sciences and Humanities
236 articles
225 kb

ABOUT INTERDISCIPLINARY CONNECTIONS WHEN TEACHING BACHELORS ECONOMIC DIRECTIONS IN TECHNOLOGY OF PROGRAMMING

abstract 1271703026 issue 127 pp. 390 – 403 31.03.2017 ru 37
The article presents an interdisciplinary approach to teaching of programming technology within the discipline "Theory and Programming Technology" based on the implementation of interdisciplinary connections with financial mathematics on the example of the development of financial computing calculators. The importance of interdisciplinary connections in pedagogic of higher education motivates the transition of Federal State Educational Standards (FSES) of a new generation to a competence model of graduate preparing. Acquisition of financial calculation methods with the aid of using software tools will contribute the formation of professional competences in the project-technological activity as the ability to apply the tools and programming technology in terms of professional training, providing system analysis and management problem solving (PC-8). The choice for the development of instrumental software for methods of financial calculations will be able not only to improve claimed in FSES of the higher education professional competences in the project-technological activities for solving the problems of system analysis and management decisions, but to develop teaching and interdisciplinary communications through enriching the content of the discipline / module with knowledge of another discipline
164 kb

ABOUT THE ROLE OF DESIGN ACTIVITIES IN PREPARATION OF THE COMPETITIVE EXPERT

abstract 1271703030 issue 127 pp. 442 – 454 31.03.2017 ru 35
The article is devoted to methods of training specialists in universities that meet the current qualification and professional requirements of the employers. The work formulates requirements to graduates of educational institutions, which include not only training high-level, but also personal qualities, which together allows the graduate to become a competitive specialist. As a possible method of preparation of such experts we justified the introduction of elements of project activity in educational process of universities. The proposed nested structure of the typical educational program, identifies the modules that are part of it, specify the purposes and functions of each module in the implementation of the project methods. Advantages of training in case of realization of scientific design activities were shown. The use of design methods within the module of General subjects, organization and implementation of interdisciplinary modules design and science and engineering activities are proposed. We noted the necessity of temporal and semantic coordination between all modules of the educational program with the aim of obtaining the maximum effect from the implementation of project methods in the educational process. It is proved, that the implementation of the project activity during training students not only develop competencies of educational standard, but also acquire and forming their own competencies needed for future career. The conditions of effective implementation of scientificresearch and design activities within universities were formulated
188 kb

THE MODEL OF PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONS OF PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION OF CITIZENS ENROLLED IN THE MILITARY DEPARTMENT AT CIVILIAN UNIVERSITIES

abstract 1271703035 issue 127 pp. 516 – 526 31.03.2017 ru 36
The article is devoted to solution of actual tasks of development of professional orientation of citizens enrolled in the military Department at civilian universities. The main motives of students training at the military Department, the basic conditions of development of professional orientation of citizens enrolled in the military Department, and the criteria for their evaluation are described in the article, based on the works of Russian scientists! The article describes and justifies. The model of pedagogical conditions for development of professional orientation of students studying at the military Department in a civil University
Health Sciences
44 articles
1880 kb

PROBLEM OF RENDERING OF FIRST MEDICAL AID ON COMMERCIAL SHIPS UNDER RUSSIAN FLAG

abstract 1271703073 issue 127 pp. 1045 – 1055 31.03.2017 ru 39
The problem of rendering of first medical aid to personnel of commercial ships under the Russian flag is considered. It is shown that the decision of this problem in our country is impossible without juridical aspects of activity of sailors-paramedics, questions of their training in bases of rendering an emergency aid and due medical support of the Russian ships. The emergency elementary aid has to be an integral part of activity of personnel of ships. Some directions of the decision of a problem of efficiency of providing such help to personnel of ships are proposed. Development of the bill directed to introduction in Russia of requirements for assistance by paramedics on commercial ships is necessary
142 kb

MEDICAL ASPECTS OF TOXICAL DANGERS IN COMMERCIAL SHIPS (REVIEW)

abstract 1261702063 issue 126 pp. 892 – 901 28.02.2017 ru 38
The article presents an analysis of features of the organization of special medical and prophylactic support on commercial ships. First-aid treatment at poisoning of crews of the most widespread toxic matter (poisonous gases, oil products, methane, coolants, and fumigants) has been considered. It is noted that medical aspects of toxic dangers on the water transport have to include prevention of the pathological states of health of seamen, timely medical support of the ship, early diagnostics of pathological states, sorting of injured persons and the organization of first emergency medical aid
368 kb

PROGNOSTIC SIGNIFICANCE OF LYMPHOCYTIC INFILTRATION IN VULVAR CANCER PATIENTS

abstract 1251701056 issue 125 pp. 827 – 839 31.01.2017 ru 133
A retrospective immunohistochemical study of lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration in tumor tissue of 84 vulvar cancer patients with a long (over 2 years) and short (less than 2 years) remission was performed to determine a possible role of immunologic microenvironment of tumors in maintaining remission. Vulvar cancer patients with a short remission period were aged 46-85 years, mean age 67 years. 15.8% of them had stage I of the disease, 21% - stage II, 47.4% - stage III and 15.8% - stage IV. The average duration of remission in this group was 11 months. Patients with a long remission period were aged 27-71 years, mean age 48 years. 38.5% of them had stage I of the disease, 53.8% - stage II and 7.7% - stage III. The average duration of remission in this group was 8 years. Histological study showed squamous cell carcinoma in all patients. Stroma and parenchyma of tumor tissues demonstrated lymphocyte and macrophage infiltration of various degrees with the predominance of T-lymphocytes. CD8+ cells prevailed in tumor tissue of patients with a long remission period (over 2 years), while a higher level of CD4+ Т-lymphocytic infiltration was associated with a short remission (less than 2 years) and a poor prognosis. These differences allow prediction of the vulvar cancer course and its early or late recurrence
Health Sciences
79 articles
141 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF ASSOCIATIONS OF PROBIOTIC BACTERIA ON HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF BLOOD PARAMETERS AT CALVES

abstract 1261702016 issue 126 pp. 224 – 233 28.02.2017 ru 43
The article presents results of the study on the use of associations of probiotic bacteria in black-and-white breed calves. We have analyzed the effect of associations of probiotic bacteria on hematological (red blood cells and white blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit) and blood biochemical parameters at calves. It was found that the associations of strains of Bifidobacterium bifidum DSM 20456, ATCC 29521, and Enterococcus faecalis H22; Bifidobacterium bifidum DSM 20456, ATCC 29521 and Enterococcus faecium UDC 86 do not have significant changes in the basic blood parameters of the animals, while improving some of counts during their use
126 kb

SEROLOGIC CONTROL OF SPECIFIC PROPHYLAXIS OF THE CANICOLA FEVER OF CATTLE

abstract 1261702035 issue 126 pp. 494 – 503 28.02.2017 ru 36
Results of studying of the immune response of young growth of cattle to vaccination against a canicola fever are presented in article. Dependence of duration of circulation of antibodies in a blood of the vaccinated young growth of cattle from degree of intensity of an immune response on introduction of the vaccine is revealed. Studying of dynamics of antiserum capacities at cow calves of two-month age after immunization taped the weak immune response on introduction of a vaccine. It is expressed both in total absence of antibodies, or available antibodies in minute quantity to canicola fever of one of the serogroups which are a part of a vaccine. Use of immunomodulatory preparations for rising of efficiency of immunization of cow calves against a canicola fever is offered. It is established that application of "Ribotan" at vaccination of two-month calves against a canicola fever increases efficiency of immunization for 55,6 %
192 kb

MONITORING OF THE CANICOLA FEVER IN POPULATION OF CATTLE AND WILD FAUNA OF THE AMUR REGION

abstract 1251701031 issue 125 pp. 464 – 473 31.01.2017 ru 118
The article presents results of researches of authors on prevalence of a canicola fever in populations of cattle and wild rodents in the Amur region. The research objective consisted in studying of etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle and establishment of the dominating canicola fever originator serotypes at the rodents living in the Amur region. Results of researches showed that in etiological structure of a canicola fever of cattle in the Amur region the admixed serogroups and a serogroup of Sejroe dominate. The natural reservoir of a canicola fever in the Amur region are populations of gophers, chipmunks, muskrats and voles. The highest percent of the infected individuals is taped in population of gophers (57,1 %). Level of contamination of animals in populations of muskrats and chipmunks made 20 and 17,6 % respectively. Contamination the canicola fever originator in populations of voles was at the level of 8-9 %
Social Sciences and Humanities
13 articles
2673 kb

WATERCOLORIST OLEG POMERANTSEV (1949-2012) AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE TRADITIONS OF REALISTIC ART. ARTISTIC IMAGE OF THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRILLOVSKOE IN WATERCOLORS AND GRAPHIC WORKS OF THE MASTER

abstract 1231609030 issue 123 pp. 433 – 456 30.11.2016 ru 182
The article tells about St. Petersburg distinctive watercolor painter, Oleg I. Pomerantsev (1949-2012). Master's career is inseparably linked with Russian realism. The artist acts as a successor of fundamental high artistic traditions of realistic art. Working in a landscape genre, Pomerantsev managed to create more than 500 paintings deep in a content and meaning. In his spare time Master developed his own techniques of watercolor art. The entire artist’s works were performed under his impression. He received inspiration on fishing trips, in woods and then at home master reproduced what he saw from memory. Most of his works are in private collections and galleries all around the world. Romantic landscapes of Oleg I. Pomerantsev affect by their transparency, complex color techniques and inexpressible atmosphere, full of air and light. Complex colour manners and inexpressible atmosphere full of air and light. Graphic works by the artist, executed in pencil on paper are very interesting too. Sometimes master was fond of drawing in details, so such works were not suitable for watercolors. In his watercolor works Pomerantsev did only hardly visible pencil drawing. The artist did not specialized in graphics so he ruled out his pencil sketches as unsuitable, but the wife of the artist has kept them. Watercolorist Oleg I. Pomerantsev is unknown to Russian art-critics. In view of that, the article was tasked to give for the first time an art rating to the artist’s creation, to make an art analysis of his works from the cycle "The Karelian isthmus" dedicated to the settlement of Kirillovskoe in Vyborg district. The study of creativity of Oleg Pomerantsev by professional critics will allow to expand qualitatively the history of watercolor painting of Russia
1453 kb

VYBORG’S PERIOD OF A GREAT RUSSIAN ARTIST NICHOLAS ROERICH

abstract 1231609031 issue 123 pp. 457 – 479 30.11.2016 ru 174
A Karelian stage in the life of the great Russian artist, Nicholas Roerich, is relatively well-known. However, researchers have not been practically studied the period of residence of the Roerich family in Vyborg. It is known that N. Roerich was friends with the Finnish artist A. Gallen-Kallela, who helped him to remain in Finnish Vyborg in the period of revolutionary events in Russia. From October 1918 to May 1919 the Roerich family lived in Viborg in Ladaunkatu (now Turgenev St.), №8. The painting «Autumn» (1919) was written by the artist during the Vyborg’s period. The painting was created in a fantastic manner which was usual for the artist. Unfortunately, at the moment nothing is known about his other works with views of Vyborg. However, in the catalog of his works, published in the USA in the 1920-es , under the name of each picture is given information about where and when it was created. Thus, under some of the works of the artist is the mark: «Painted in Viborg». So, today we can say about some works of master, which he wrote in Vyborg. In the first place, there are famous paintings of the artist: «Repentance», «Call of the bell. Old Pskov», «Sons of the Heavens», «The heat of the Earth», «Autumn – Vyborg», «Les Miserables (Outcast)», «Treasure» and others. As well, in 1918 at the time of staying the family in Vyborg a number of sketches in "Vyborg Notebook" were made by his son, Svetoslav Roerich, who was then 16 years old. Probably, inexhaustible diligence of Roerich gave a rise to other works with the theme of Vyborg, which scientists do not know because this topic has not been investigated
190 kb

ABOUT POETRY OF THE COUNTRIES OF ASIA IN THE REGION OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN IN THE RUSSIAN TO VOCAL LYRICS OF THE XX CENTURY

abstract 1211607091 issue 121 pp. 1487 – 1503 30.09.2016 ru 288
The article is devoted to the characteristic of poems of east poets (Japan, China, Korea) on which vocal cycles were written by the Russian composers of the XX century. It becomes perceptible that the appeal to east poetry became a tendency, which appeared during the era of the Silver age of the Russian culture. The reasons of the origin of this tendency were revealed. The names of I. Stravinsky, S. Vasilenko, M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, D. Shostakovich, G. Sviridov, S. Slonimsky, L. Grabovsky, A. Nemtin, A. Raskatov, D. Smirnov, V. Kikta, G. Belov, G. Firtich, I. Ostromogilsky, etc. are given as an example of its implication. The large-scale literary list includes poetic of Ancient Chinese poetry, Japanese ancient (medieval) poetry, classical Korean poetry, folklore verses. In the conclusion, typical lines of vocal cycles on these poetic works are shown. The center of this poetry is images of the nature, communication with it of inner world of the person. This poetry is distinguished by a reserved manner of the embodiment of rich inner world, thin psychological gradation. Other figurative constants – love collisions, philosophical reflections about meaning of life, loneliness, exile. They are embodied emotionally frostily, laconically by means of expression
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 191
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 168
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 286
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
53 articles
141 kb

THE CONTENT OF THE MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL QUALITIES, SKILLS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION, SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

abstract 1251701059 issue 125 pp. 856 – 866 31.01.2017 ru 111
The article is devoted to the development of basic children’s skills with disordered autism spectrum. There is a range of tasks that need to be addressed in the system of psychological and educational assistance to children in this category, which allows identifying problems and areas of work with these children. The theory of deviant development and autism spectrum disorders, the concept of the game as the leading activity of children of preschool age and mental structures formed in this type of activity; the role of the concept of physical education in the development of mental processes of preschool age children is the methodological basis of the research. The article presents a model of improving sensory perception of the world around skills, skills of gross and fine motor skills, communication and social development with children with disordered autism spectrum. The conceptual framework of the proposed model is system development of sensory, motor, social and communicative skills of the child through interactive physical games. The purposes, goals, pedagogical conditions of realization of the model are determined. The model consists of three parts: a target, process, control and evaluation. The first - the target includes the purpose, tasks, and pedagogical conditions of realization of the model. The second set of model is technology. It consists of 5 blocks: sensory development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication, and social skills. The implementation of the content of the second unit takes place by means of interactive physical games, game exercise. There are the aims, the content of each unit. The third block is the control and evaluation. The content of the work of the third block includes organizational and methodological activities to assess the level of development of basic skills in children with ASD. According to the results of diagnosis, routes of individual development of each child, as required mid-term evaluation is carried out and a change of formation of skills development route have been made
138 kb

FEATURES OF SUBSTANTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOVEREIGNTY OF ADOLESCENTS LIVING IN FOSTER FAMILIES

abstract 1241610045 issue 124 pp. 708 – 719 30.12.2016 ru 114
The article investigates the psychological sovereignty of the individual at the stage of its development. The most striking of these steps is the period of adolescence. A study of psychological space of the individual is made to the example of children being brought up in his own family and children living in foster families
193 kb

MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT OF ATTITUDE TOWARD CREDITS OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT AGE

abstract 1231609073 issue 123 pp. 1049 – 1065 30.11.2016 ru 199
The article gives a psychological analysis of credit activity as a process of social exchange between the lender and the borrower. As a result of credit provision as exchange the borrower receives access to resource objects and resource relations. One of credit situations is a situation of borrower's personal default. It is introduced analysis of "personal default" concept in this article and is proposed its operational psychological definition. It is also substantiated its connection with other concepts (difficult life situation, economic stress, crisis of employment, etc). It has been studied motivational component of attitude toward credits by means of questionnaire related to credits attitude. During the study differences in motivation and purposes of crediting of potential and actual young and middle age borrowers have been found out. It has been revealed that typical motives of taking on credit are credit rigor and altruism for young people. The motive of altruistic behavior refuse is expressed by middle age persons. We have studied out connections between motives of crediting. We have found out negative connections between the motive of altruism and investment, intended use of borrowed funds, as well as between the fear of crediting and hedonism, dreaminess and conformability in crediting. Significant differences in credit purposes of young and middle-age respondents have been detected. Persons from 18 to 25 years took credit oftener for the purchase of luxury items (phone, furniture, PCs, TVs, home appliances). For borrowers from 35 to 45 years is typical to take on credits for purchase of real estate, investment in business, immediate needs – payment of medical services, repair of apartments, repayment of credit
Social Sciences and Humanities
5 articles
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 192
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 210
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
241 kb

METHODIC OF A MODERN MILITARY SERVICEMAN'S PROFESSIONAL ORIENTA-TION EVALUATION

abstract 1081504074 issue 108 pp. 1008 – 1018 30.04.2015 ru 1069
To the present stage, the process of becoming contract soldier professionals lasts up to 10 years or more, which is impermissible for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. One of the elements of a professional orientation of soldiers under contract is its evaluation. In the study, the authors have proposed evaluation methodology of professional orientation of contract soldiers. The validity and reliability assessment of the proposed methodic was carried out in two stages: stage 1 - respondents survey according to the methodic of M. Rokeach and getting their individual profiles; stage 2 - predicting the level of respondents professional military orientation, based on the assessment of proximity (conformity) of the respondents' individual profiles of value orientations to owned reference profiles. The evaluation of the internal (criterion) validity technique was performed as assessing the validity of the relationship between the influence and the observed results and the possibility to use this relationship to predict respondent's actions in future. Reliability of the methodic was assessed by three indicators. For all the indications we have obtained the results, showing the retest reliability of the proposed methodology of evaluation of military-professional orientation
Social Sciences and Humanities
39 articles
133 kb

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROCESSES IN THE SOVIET ABKHAZIA

abstract 1261702017 issue 126 pp. 234 – 243 28.02.2017 ru 47
The purpose of the article is to analyze the dynamics of the socio-economic sphere of Abkhazia during the Soviet period. It is shown that the structural changes in the economy of the territory associated with the integration of the all-Russian economic system, which determined the development of industry, agriculture and culture of Abkhazia. Political and economic integration of the subjects of the USSR of different levels connected to all the regions of the country in the economic organism, contributed to the fact that from a backward edge of Abkhazia turned into an advanced industrial-agrarian republic
151 kb

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF RUSSIANBELARUS RELATIONS

abstract 1241610058 issue 124 pp. 875 – 886 30.12.2016 ru 121
The purpose of the article is to analyze the factors affecting the process of interaction, the nature of relationships and everyday life of the Russian and Belarusian communities. Use the ideas of the system, interactionist, phenomenological and sociopsychological approaches. The empirical base totaled questionnaire data of the Russian population of the Krasnodar Region; secondary analysis of sociological data of Russian and Belarusian research teams. Knowledge of the factors and content of the mutual influence of ethno-cultural practices of Russian and Belarusian ethnic communities will help to predict the interactions and facilitate their consolidation and integration
175 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY’S INSTITUTE ON TRANSGRESSING SOCIETY

abstract 1231609013 issue 123 pp. 214 – 228 30.11.2016 ru 160
The article deals with influence of the institution of family on the transgressing experience in its various forms. The problem is quite relevant in view of the fact that the society gets out of structural limitations. Increasingly, social actors step over the border, which for many ordinary people are considered immutable, violate generally accepted course of events, the established norms of behavior and morality. In this regard, the authors discuss the phenomenon of transgression as an integral part of modern society, which is understood as a strategy to overcome social taboos, violation of cultural traditions, moral and religious regulators. In addition, the transgression may be regarded as a manifestation of freedom. Freedom from rules, regulations, prohibitions, including religious ones. And then it is quite possible the emergence of such a phenomenon as a religious transgression. The authors give a definition of religious transgression, which is the process overstep religious prohibitions designed to separate the man from his immersion in faith, radical overcoming taboos of religion, the transition from one religion to another. The article presents the results conducted in 2016 a search of sociological research on the basis of Astrakhan State University. Based on these studies, the authors conclude that it is the family becomes the unifying factor that helps in keeping the values in the course of religious transgression
Social Sciences and Humanities
20 articles
165 kb

PROBLEMS OF GENDER ASYMMETRY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: WAYS OF REGULATION

abstract 1271703015 issue 127 pp. 260 – 269 31.03.2017 ru 41
In the article we examine the gender approach in public administration. There were analyzed gender disparities in the public administration of the Russian Federation and their influence on managerial decisionmaking. We have found the distribution of power between the sexes and their relationship to gender stereotypes. There were suggested the ways of regulation of gender asymmetry in the public administration
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 180
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
159 kb

ETHNO SEPARATIST TERRORISM IN WEST EUROPE

abstract 1181604072 issue 118 pp. 1139 – 1153 29.04.2016 ru 589
For the purpose of this article, the analysis of the development of ethnoseparatism in West Europe has been undertaken. Under current conditions, the ethnical separatism threatens national security of series of European countries and territorial integrity. Special attention has been paid to social and political beginnings and causes of terrorism in Spain and Great Britain. The activity of such terrorist organizations as IRA and ETA has been researched. Ideological basis of violence, purposes and objectives, as well as the main stages of formation and development of these organizations have been disclosed. The author states that the use of the terrorism as a method of political struggle is destructive and does not facilitate a solution to the national problems. We have also considered approaches of the governments to solve the problems of separatism and terrorism on the territory of these countries. In their counter-terrorism efforts political leaders of Spain and Great Britain have used both methods of force and political and legal methods, namely, granting to the regions of wide economical and political independence, preservation of authentic cultural values and language of indigenous people. The formation of violence intolerance in public conscience as control method has become the main direction of the antiterrorist policy in the countries under consideration. Anti-terrorist model which has been developed by the European countries can be effective and useful for the regions being in ethnopolitical conflicts
Social Sciences and Humanities
24 articles
146 kb

RUSSIAN COSTUME IN RUSSIA OF THE XIV– XVIII CENTURIES

abstract 1271703013 issue 127 pp. 235 – 245 31.03.2017 ru 41
The article dwells on the reason that brought about changes in Russian folk costume in the XIV–XVIII centuries. Long time ago Russian towns that were located on the banks of Volga as well as Nizhniy Novgorod that had close connections with South Baltic and with Ganza played a significant role. It also establishes a connection between Russian population and overseas merchants from the areas of the Caspean, Blue (Aral) seas, and South-Western coast of the Baltic Sea. The author reviews a range of goods that were sold. The author shares their findings about Nizhniy Novgorod and later on Russia could get the merchant goods from Europe’s major cities during the XIV–XVIII centuries. The author also determines the fabric that was imported from Asian and Western countries that was used for manufacturing clothes for Russian nobility, merchants, and rich peasants. The author introduces new findings about women’s garment (pinafore) and new method of embroidery. Russian North because if its location (sea and ground ways) and business was adopted urban traditions which resulted in a new type of a pinafore dress. The author dwells on the business between Russia, Persia and Central Asiaand also finds out the contribution of the people from the area of the Volga River who enriched a range of artistic expression in Russian folk costumes and introduced oriental motives in them. Bright and dynamic accents appeared inholiday costumes of Russian people. Those clothes were made from eastern and European fabrics. The author examines the clothes of that time and infers that the fabric and decorative elements that were imported form abroad considerably enriched Russian folk costume: new methods of embroidery and bright colors in decorative elements
162 kb

ARCHETYPES IN RELIGION: FUNCTIONS AND METHODS OF RESEARCH

abstract 1271703071 issue 127 pp. 996 – 1009 31.03.2017 ru 39
The concept of archetype, introduced by Swiss psychoanalyst Karl G. Jung, eventually went beyond psychoanalytic research area. The concept of archetype was represented in philosophical and cultural context and in each of them, it has acquired a specific connotation. Being the structural elements of the human mentality, archetypes take key position in the culture. Their formative functions contribute to the expression of archetypes on the level of mythology and religion. These eternal symbols, originated from the depths of consciousness, are implemented universally and spontaneously, being manifested largely in religious culture. The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the functioning of the archetypes and identification of their main functions. In addition to that, this article marks the problem of choosing methodology for archetype research. This research allowed to identify the main function of archetypes such as regulative, integrative, protective and communicative
158 kb

EXISTENTIAL PROBLEM OF FEAR IN THE М.Yu. LERMONTOV'S WORKS AS SOCIOCULTURAL CONCEPT

abstract 1261702004 issue 126 pp. 69 – 80 28.02.2017 ru 44
The article explores the notion of fear as an existential concept in M. Yu. Lermontov’s literary oeuvre. In many of the poet’s works, the characters, finding themselves in difficult limit situations, experience a wide range of emotions which Lermontov describe in detail using self-reflective approach. In analyzing the theme of fear featuring in Lermontov’s works as a socio-cultural concept, the author of the auricle describes each emotional state separately: fear of loneliness, fear of betrayal, a whole range of various strong emotions emerging in relation to fright and to the experience of horror. But the governing emotion in existential fear is a fear of Nothingness as an inevitable fate of every finite human self. The article describes a variety of ways to overcome fear and complex internal conflicts offered by Lermontov
Physical Sciences and Engineering
17 articles
172 kb

THE ROLE OF LAND, WATER AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE CONFLICTS IN AFRICA AND THE WAY FORWARD

abstract 1221608020 issue 122 pp. 278 – 291 31.10.2016 ru 214
The scarcity of natural resources has become a serious problem in terms of security in the world. This article examines the role of the limited resources in conflicts in Africa. The main source of conflict is the issue of control of resources and the right to a healthy environment. Here we consider the case of the regional conflicts in the African context. A large number of major rivers in Africa also have been the cause of conflicts between the riparian countries. However, most of these problems have been successfully solved, and in many cases, this process led to the formation of regional blocs for economic and diplomatic cooperation in the region. In addition to inter-State disputes, there are also internal disputes among regions or states within the same country for the control of resources. However, in some cases these regions have developed wellcoordinated approaches to resolving the disputes: either by judicial apportionment, congressional action or based on negotiated compacts. In general, we believe that a careful application of equitable resource-sharing formula to volatile areas is a basic condition for peace and stability in Africa
2613 kb

APPLICATION OF CLIMATIC INDICES FOR EVALUATION OF REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS

abstract 1211607016 issue 121 pp. 425 – 448 30.09.2016 ru 307
In the article we consider the results of the study of climatic attractiveness of the South of Russia from the point of view of tourism development. Formal definition of attractiveness was reached by using a wide spread concept of climatic indices. Any climatic index is calculated by a set of medical and biological characteristics. The latter are defined on the basis of human physiology. Indices, which are used for evaluation of attractiveness of one or another region from the point of view of recreation and tourism, have certain peculiarities. Very often they are calculated using poorly formalized and arguable indications like psychological feeling of meteorological characteristics and even aesthetic perception. Taking into account above mentioned experience we have suggested a new approach for evaluation of climatic tourist indices basing on initial (standard 3 hour discretion) meteorological observations with maximum possible exclusion from a calculation scheme all subjective parameters. Our approach is based on a well-known method of Mieczkowski [4]. The method was developed more than 30 ears ago and is still widely applied. Our method allows objectively evaluate nonsmoothed index values because it takes into account combinations of meteorological characteristics with maximum available discretion during the day. A method demonstrated its capability for evaluation of regional variations in tourist attractiveness. We analyzed 40–year dynamics of attractiveness in the region being in the focus of the study
621 kb

INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEXITY OF ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE TERRITORIES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607129 issue 121 pp. 2031 – 2044 30.09.2016 ru 316
One of the main problems at engineering-geological researches is the choice of the most suitable territory for construction of designed projects and constructions. The most dangerous threat to the economy and the security of the Krasnodar region are geohazards. The article provides an expert evaluation of engineering-geological conditions of the territory, the map-scheme of evaluation of engineeringgeological zoning of the region. The characteristic is given to the engineering-geological taxons allocated on degree of usefulness of conditions
.