Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Sections

Physical Sciences and Engineering
314 articles
481 kb

ON THE NUMERATIONS OF THE FINITE PARTIALLY ORDERED SETS

abstract 1181604006 issue 118 pp. 113 – 127 29.04.2016 ru 114
There is a widely known problem regarding the ordering of the partially ordered sets (Linear Ordering Problem). It boils down to finding the numerations of such sets. The main result of this article is a generalization of one of the known S. S. Kislitsyn's results about finding the number of numerations of finite partially ordered sets
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PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND MANAGEMENT IN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY

abstract 1181604016 issue 118 pp. 305 – 332 29.04.2016 ru 111
We should have trained staff to implement innovative strategies. Therefore, it is natural, that a lot of attention is paid to the staffing of the management processes of innovative activity at the enterprises of the rocket and space industry (RCP). Training and human resources management in accordance with current legislation should be based on professional standards. The content of professional standards should reflect the results of forecasting scientific and technical progress in the field, for example, in the RCP. It is necessary to forecast trends in the use of information and communication technologies in solving management problems in the socio-economic sphere in order to reflect these developments in professional standards. The approach to solving this problem is the subject of this article. What should the professional standard be like in the RCP? The main problem lies in the fact that although the standard is to be enacted in the near future, its actual impact on the industry will start in 5 - 10 years and will continue for at least another 10 years, ie, until the 2030s. Professional standards should come from "Education through Science" concept, ie, knowledge, skills, competences, provided by a professional standard, should be based on modern scientific achievements. For example, mathematical methods of research should be based on a new paradigm in the area of knowledge and statistical data analysis methods must meet high statistical techniques. For the development of professional standards in the field of the RCP it is necessary to predict the characteristics of the qualification (level of knowledge, skills and experience) required the employee to carry out professional activities in the RCP in 2020 - 2030. Modern information and communication technologies are creating a fundamentally new situation in the organization of the economy. We have an ability to manage the work of organizational units, scattered throughout the world, from a single center. The requirement of presence in the workplace is mainly a relic of the past. We have a lot of advantages in a remote work
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ON THE NUMERATIONS OF THE FINITE PARTIALLY ORDERED SETS

abstract 1181604047 issue 118 pp. 805 – 816 29.04.2016 ru 111
In this article, we discuss various issues related to the formulas approximating the distribution function of prime numbers pi(x). This question has occupied many scholars, but the exact function is well approximated function pi(x) over the number of positive integers not. Based on certain hypotheses, we present a new function s(x) is very well approximated pi(x). The above article hypotheses are so important that their numerical validation and refinement for the lengths of the segments more in 1014 - one of the main areas related to the problem of approximation of the function pi(x) throughout the series of natural numbers. After analyzing the behaviors and constructs many functions, we are building the basis of the function s(x), which is well approximates the function pi(x) throughout the series of natural numbers. We also present a table of values for x, less or equal 1022 for the difference of s(x) - pi(x)
Physical Sciences and Engineering
40 articles
126 kb

RESEARCH IN MICRODEFICIENCY OF POLYMERS (RUBBERS AND RUBBERIZED FABRICS) USING EXPRESS TECHNIQUE OF ASSESSMENT BY THE SORPTION AND WEIGHT METHOD

abstract 1181604048 issue 118 pp. 817 – 826 29.04.2016 ru 96
Macrodeficiency of polymeric materials, including the pervasive one, is a consequence of the development of initial microdefects which appear in polymers both due to external factors and during their processing. In the article, the problem of the detection of structural microdeficiency of various polymeric materials through an assessment of their structural parameters is solved. The considered materials possess approximately identical degree of crystallinity (60 – 66%), but different density. The express assessment technique of polymeric materials microdeficiency by the sorption method with the use of the academician M. M. Dubinin’s theory of volumetric micropore filling is developed and evaluated. On the basis of a quantitative assessment of sorption processes in polymeric materials, including elastomeric compositions – rubbers and rubberized fabrics, the existence of the initial local microdefects arising in the course of synthesis is established. In real polymeric materials, including elastomeric compositions – rubbers and rubberized fabrics, the existence of the initial local microdefects arising in the course of synthesis is established (the number of microdefects n varies from 1x1017 sm-3 to 6x1019 sm-3 , and the rated linear size k – from 2 nm to 7 nm). The general reduction of microdeficiency in rubberized fabrics in comparison with initial rubber is revealed and rationalized
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STUDY OF THE INTERACTION OF POLYSTYRENE-AZO-O-PHENOL-AZO-RHODANINE WITH ZINC IONS AND CADMIUM

abstract 1181604067 issue 118 pp. 1086 – 1096 29.04.2016 ru 103
Since the industrial revolution a huge amount of pollutants emitted annually into the water most of which is occupied by toxic metals. These metals widely distributed in the environment and of accumulation of a threat to human health. It is known, that cadmium and zinc at high concentrations have a negative impact on nature. In modern wastewater treatment technology we widely use polymeric sorbents with chelating properties. The use of polymeric chelating sorbents (PCS) usage allows separating individual or group trace elements from large volumes of solutions of complex composition, lowering the limit of detection, eliminating or reducing significantly the impact of macrocomponents which increases the cleaning efficiency. The article presents the results of a study of conditions of interaction of zinc (II) ions and cadmium (II) with PCT - polystyrene-azo-o-phenol-azo-rhodanine. We found the optimal values of the conditions for zinc (II) ions and cadmium (II) sorption. We investigated the effect of interfering of the macro- and micro- water components with the sorption of the ions studied. Maximum desorption of metal ions is achieved by washing the concentrate with 10 ml of 2M hydrochloric acid. The data indicate availability of the investigated sorbent for concentration and separation of zinc (II) ions and cadmium (II)
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QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DETERMINATION OF ENZYMESANTIOXIDANTS CONTAINED IN HORSERADISH GROWN IN THE ASTRAKHAN REGION IN THE SUMMER AND AUTUMN

abstract 1181604089 issue 118 pp. 1377 – 1386 29.04.2016 ru 111
The article is devoted to the study of enzymesantioxidants contained in horseradish root. The article provides a detailed analysis of the sources of information, aimed at clarifying the content of enzymesantioxidants contained in horseradish root, grown in the Astrakhan region in the autumn and summer. During the analysis of the literature, it was found that the content of enzyme-antioxidants in the root of the horseradish is not constant and depends on climatic conditions, planting time and harvest time. The content of antioxidants in the root of horseradish grown in the Astrakhan region in the summer-autumn period was studied using by the method of A.N. Bach and A.I. Oparin. 2 g of horseradish roots contains the number of enzymes - antioxidants able to expand for 30 min (1,547 • 100) / (20 • 1) = 77.35 mg of hydrogen peroxide in 1 min - 2.56 mg. 1mkmol As hydrogen peroxide is 0.034 mg, in 2 g horseradish contains 76 E enzyme - antioxidants (or E 38 1 g horseradish). The results of this work will form the basis for the creation and study of new enterosorbent with antioxidant functions. Enterosorbent prepared by adsorption on starch antioxidants such as peroxidase, catalase, and ascorbic acid, from aqueous extracts of plant material
Life Sciences
440 articles
276 kb

60 YEARS IN THE RANKS: FEATURES OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY OF BEZOSTAYA 1 WINTER WHEAT VARIETY

abstract 1181604035 issue 118 pp. 627 – 657 29.04.2016 ru 106
This review is devoted to the 60 anniversary of the winter wheat variety (Triticum aestivum L.) Bezostaya 1 – a masterpiece of world selection. This variety played a great role in increasing total grain yields in the Kuban Region. It also was an important gene source for Russian and world breeding. This variety has initiated and was for many years a party to research molecular biological mechanisms of wheat frost resistance formation. The article summarizes data about the peculiarities of functioning of protein-synthesizing system it sprouts (coleoptilies) under the influence of hardening temperature (4oC): translational activity in vitro, poliribosomts, degree of polyadenilation and stability of total mRNA and specific mRNA translational elongation factor α subunit 1 (eEF-1 α). The in vitro (ommp) system, which adequately characterizes the relative mRNA stability in vivo was used for these measurements. The effects of cooling and light on mRNA stability were shown to be cultivar-specific. The hardiness of winter wheat has a positive relationship with the amount of RNA and DNA, and a negative correlation with the amount of magnesium cations in mature grain that can serve as a simple marker of frost resistance. The main feature of the variety Bezostaya 1 is high content of magnesium ions (Mg++) in RNA molecules and relatively low variation of Mg++-depending molecularphysiological responses for different environmental conditions. The knowledge gained in the study of variety of Bezostaya 1 contributes to the understanding of molecular biological processes that underlie the selection and determining its future success
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THE INFLUENCE OF POLYMERIC GROWTH REGULATORS ON MORPHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF RICE IN SALINE CONDITIONS

abstract 1181604065 issue 118 pp. 1061 – 1074 29.04.2016 ru 120
The article studies the influence of polymeric in the form of formers and growth regulators on the growth and development of rice plants when grown in saline conditions. We controlled the effect of salinity on grows regulators and vigor, seed germination, root and shoot weight, the content of photosynthetic pigments parameters, induction curves of delayed fluorescence, the indicators of structure of harvest, grain yield. It was found, that pre-sowing seed soaking in solutions of polymer grows regulators has a stimulating effect on the growth and development of rice plants in the early stages: we significantly increased germination and emergence, dry weight of root and shoot compared to control. At different stages of ontogeny rice, the absolute content of pigments in the leaves and the relationship between the individual variants change. The absolute content of pigments in leaves and their relationship between experiences at different stages of ontogeny change. In the period of intensive vegetative growth from seedling stage the content of total chlorophyll is maximum, and by the end of the growing season it decreases. It can be assumed that the salinity of the substrate significantly reduces the productivity of photosynthesis in young plants, possibly due to imbalance of ions in the cell, the older it gets – the weaker the phenomenon is and even becomes reversed. The second maximum IR ZF increases during the growing season from germination to flowering, then decreases to the beginning of ripening in all embodiments. The same dynamics is characteristic of the magnitude of the proton gradient in the membranes of chloroplasts tylakoids. Salt protection effect of growth regulators on grain yield is significant on both backgrounds of mineral nutrition
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BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND COMMERCIAL STOCKS OF HUMPBACK WHITEFISH IN YAKUTIA WATERS

abstract 1181604100 issue 118 pp. 1530 – 1542 29.04.2016 ru 107
Humpback whitefish - Coregonus lavaretus pidschian (Gmelin, 1788), is spread in Siberia, in the Kara, Laptev and East Siberian seas and in the lakes of the Arctic and Subarctic. Objective: To assess the status of fish in the waters of Yakutia, to make ecological forecasts and determine the possibility and prospect of economic use of whitefish, as a fish-breeding material in the present conditions. Methods: The analysis was carried out on the fresh material as described I.Pravdina (1966), taking into account the recommendations of Y. Reshetnikov (1980). Collection and processing of materials were carried out in 1969-2015 by standard methods. Results. Reaching sexual maturity at the sixth (in weight - the eighth and ninth) year of life, whitefish begin to move to the main breeding groundsin the early fall. Absolute fecundity of eggs 2500-140000. Spawning is common in late September-early October. The food spectrum usually consists of the following objects: chironomid larvae, plants, mollusks, fish eggs and copepods. By the nature of power - benthophage, but often becomes planktonic organisms. Conclusions. Important food fish, but its reserves significantly reducedunder the influence of anthropogenic factors in recent years. The catch of whitefish can be increased as a result of the development of aquaculture
Physical Sciences and Engineering
18 articles
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 775
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
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STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE NaCI

abstract 1081504070 issue 108 pp. 962 – 973 30.04.2015 ru 912
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore NaCI
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THE INFLUENCE OF HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS ON THE CATALASE ACTIVITY OF THE ZONAL SOILS OF THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1041410084 issue 104 pp. 1129 – 1142 30.12.2014 ru 743
Hydrothermal conditions have a significant effect on catalase activity of soils of the South of Russia. The linear dependence of catalase activity in the upper horizons soils from average annual rainfall, aridity index of de Martonne and the coefficient of moisture of Mezentseva. In terms of catalase activity of the entire humus profile we revealed that the maximum activity has leached black soil, located in the medial climate conditions of the South of Russia
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1324 articles
614 kb

RESISTANCE OF THE SOIL UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF HORIZONTAL DISK WORKING BODY

abstract 1181604003 issue 118 pp. 61 – 74 29.04.2016 ru 113
Tillage plays an important role in the production of cereal and grains. The issues of improving the methods applied for soil treatment aimed at improving its quality significantly influencing crop yield have been considered. Reducing of all types of costs: energy, labor, money was also taken into consideration. In this article, based on numerous studies we have proposed to use the effect of oscillatory motion in the working body of tillage, improving the design of tillage machines, reducing the metal consumption of the machine, the intensity of the process while increasing quality of work. The article reveals issues related to embedding of the new tillage of the working body running in a horizontal plane and having special tabs (blade), allowing it to make a reciprocating rotational motion. This working body provides the undercutting of a soil layer and root system of weeds, the crumbling of the soil layer and its interaction with the working surfaces of the blades. The conditions of the sliding soil layer on the surface of the working body and reducing the pressure of the reservoir to the working body are proposed. It decreases the compression of the reservoir and the tractive resistance. We have substantiated the conditions for reciprocating rotational motion of the proposed disk of the working body in the working plane close to the horizontal, when interacting with a layer of the soil
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IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF FINE SOIL TREATMENT OF HORIZONTAL DISK WORKING ORGANS

abstract 1181604004 issue 118 pp. 75 – 86 29.04.2016 ru 123
The creation of machines and tools of new generation, which represent high-efficiency, highperformance and take less energy and metal is a global challenge for the modern science. In this article, based on numerous studies, it is proposed to use the effect of oscillatory motion in the working body of tillage, improving the design of tillage machines that aims to reduce metal consumption, energy intensity and improve quality of work. A new tillage working body, running in a horizontal plane and having special tabs (blades) allowing it to make a reciprocating rotational motion has been presented. The application of this working body provides agronomic, environmental, energetic and economic efficiency by trimming the layer of the soil and root system of weeds, crumbling soil layer during its interaction with the working surfaces of the blades. Due to the reciprocating rotational motion, the cleaning of the working body is observed. The constructive and technological scheme of the working body and the scheme of forces acting on the proposed working body at the moment of penetration and the rotation of the working body at a certain angle are offered. The conditions for the reciprocating rotational motion of the working body are obtained as well as differential equations allowing considering the process of movement of the working body. The article also reveals expressions for the elementary forces acting on the surface of the blade from the moving layer of soil
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MODELING OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING PRESSURE IN RESERVOIR ROCK FOR AN OIL SAND RESERVOIR IN SOUTH WEST OF IRAN

abstract 1181604011 issue 118 pp. 199 – 209 29.04.2016 ru 116
Fracture geometry depends on stresses and rock properties in hydraulic fracturing operation. Poisson’s ratio imports directly in the calculations related to formation stresses. The most important reason for limiting fracture height is the natural stresses contrast resulting from the differences with Poisson ratios. Without this difference, fracture would have largely uncontrolled height. The goal of this study is mathematical investigation of the effect of Poisson’s ratio on the formation stresses that is necessary to select value of breakdown pressure in hydraulic fracturing operation. In this article, a mathematical model has been coded using “MATLAB” software for prediction of stresses in the various layers. This designed program is able to present both digital and graphical output results for different values of Poisson’s ratio. At the end, stresses exerted on the different layers of the several real oil reservoirs have simulated and breakdown pressures have determined
Life Sciences
873 articles
269 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE LENGTH OF FRUIT VINES ON THE YIELD AND QUALITY OF MOLDOVA GRAPES

abstract 1181604005 issue 118 pp. 87 – 112 29.04.2016 ru 110
The article presents the results of studying the effect of different lengths of fruit vines with the same load wintering buds of bushes on the yield and quality of Moldova grapes. It was found that the biological indicators of fruiting Moldova grapes improved by lengthening fruit vines, taking into account weather conditions. Shortening the vines increases germination and fruitfulness degree base buds and reserve buds. Productivity is increased by lengthening fruit vines. It is determined by the degree of fruitfulness buds of the vine, the development of floscules of wintering buds, bunch and berries weight, number of berries in bunches. The optimum is pruning vines to 10-12 buds. Harmonious taste, weight of bunches and berries, transportability factor fixed high yield of grapes standard (85,6-86,4%) with different length of fruit vines. The highest productivity of leaves makes pruning fruit vines to 10-12 buds. The strength of shoot growth and volume growth of bushes reduced at an elongation of the fruit vines. The more moderate growth of shoots observed at long (10-12 buds) pruning vines. There is no significant difference to the degree of maturation of shoots with different length vines. In order to increase the yield of Moldova grapes in the central zone of the Krasnodar region expedient cut fruit vines to 10-12 buds
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CLUSTERS AND BIOCHEMISTRY COMPOSITION OF BLACK BERRY VINE SORTS OF GRAPE FOR PRODUCING JUICES OF DIRECT PRESSING

abstract 1181604008 issue 118 pp. 147 – 163 29.04.2016 ru 109
The article gives the results of the study of the texture of the grapes and biochemical characteristics of red wine grape varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Sapeari, Tsimladar, Pinot Noir for the production of juice of direct extraction and blending. The studied varieties in terms of the structure of the cluster may be divided into three groups of blackpinene (21.1), Cabernet Franc and Tsimladar (18.7 - 17.5), Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Saperavi (16.5 - 16.8) , and bunches of addition in terms of two groups - Tsimladar (17.6), Cabernet - Sauvignon and other (15.6 - 16.4). The structural component of grapes varieties ranged from 5.2 to 5.9, berry index - from 62.1 to 83.4, the output of the wort from 74.2 to 76.3%. The content of sugars and acids in the berries of all varieties is favorable for the production of beverages. The largest Tartaric acid content was found in the juice of the varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Black, malic acid - in the juice of varieties Saperavi, Merlot, Tsimladar, citric acid - in the juice Tsimladar varieties, Cabernet Sauvignon, Saperavi. The ratio of tartaric acid to the content of the apple juice Cabernet Sauvignon was 2.9: 1, Cabernet Franc 2.6: 1, Pinot Black 2.5: 1, Merlot and Tsimladar 1.6: 1, 1.1 Sapevari: 1. According to the content of potassium cations, sodium, magnesium and calcium there were chosen three varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc. The lowest content of potassium and magnesium cations was in the variety of Tsimladar, Sodium – in the varieties Merlot and Saperavi, calcium – in Saperavi. Excellent tasting commended for juices was given to Cabernet Sauvignon, Saperavi, Tsimladar, good – to Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Pinot black. Best blending juice obtained by mixing the juice of the grape of the varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot black 70:30, Saperavi and Pinot black 50:50. From the grapes of produced varieties, we can produce juice and varietal by name ampelographic variety and blended to extend the range
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CONSUMPTION OF ELEMENTS OF MINERAL NUTRIENTS BY ALFALFA PLANTS WHEN USING FERTILIZERS

abstract 1181604040 issue 118 pp. 723 – 735 29.04.2016 ru 106
Improving the technology of alfalfa cultivation and increasing its productivity for the Kuban region have great practical significance nowadays. The research of proper environmental and economical systems of fertilizers that provide balanced nutrition plays an important role in the growing of crops. As a result, we have found that for specific soil and climatic conditions when using optimal doses of mineral fertilizers it is possible to have stable high yields of good quality alfalfa
Social Sciences and Humanities
79 articles
140 kb

AGAINST THE LIES AND INSINUATIONS OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR 1941 – 1945

abstract 1181604054 issue 118 pp. 905 – 915 29.04.2016 ru 99
The authors in the article reveal the highlights of the history associated with the prehistory of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 - 1945, its tragical beginning in the first few months and its further course, up to the Great Victory in May of 1945. They dwell on the analysis of the causes of the Second World War and the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people against Hitler Germany. The authors, in spite of liars and forgers, show who is to blame for their unleashing and clearly indicate that the Second World War was unleashed by Hitler, through and in fact with the blessing of Western powers and especially Britain and France, carried out the policy of "appeasement" the aggressor, and ended the Munich Agreement of 1938. The authors pay special attention to the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the USSR, signed on August 23, 1939, known as the Molotov - Ribbentrop Pact. They argue that this was a necessary step on the part of the Soviet Union and that this agreement, Stalin was trying to gain time and delay the beginning of the war against Nazi Germany. The authors show that Stalin and the Soviet leadership were perfectly aware of the fact that on 1 September 1939, Hitler attacked Poland and then it would be the USSR. Considering the progress, results and lessons of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945, the authors elaborate and criticize the information widespread in Western historiography, as well as, first and foremost, in terms of the Soviet-Russian, lies, slander and all kinds of insinuations about the Great Patriotic war
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ABOUT THE CONCEPT OF NATIONWIDE HISTORY

abstract 1181604070 issue 118 pp. 1119 – 1128 29.04.2016 ru 102
In the context of the problem situation caused by the territorial limitation of the modern paradigm of Russian history, the author actualizes the model of a holistic, in territorial aspect, a nationwide history of Russia, covering an exceptionally all regions of the country. In conditions of complex territorial structure of Russian society, the unity of its history has unique singularity due to variety of regional contexts of historical development. Therefore, it is impossible to understand the uniqueness of civilizational singularity of Russia fully without learning regional features and territorial components. Based in it, it is concluded, that the concept of nationwide Russian history for high school must have more complete, maybe even total territorial coverage of historical events and processes and must point on either great achievements or negative, dramatic errors, ignoring of which contraries to the task of creation a tolerant patriotism. In this way, the author considers the concept of nationwide history can be a catalyst of modern national idea, which may be one of the factors the cohesion of society of strengthening territorial unity and integrity of Russia
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TO THE QUESTION ABOUT THE REASONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROTESTANTISM IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA (LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES)

abstract 1181604069 issue 118 pp. 1109 – 1118 29.04.2016 ru 101
The reasons for the development of Protestantism in the South of Russia in the late XIX - early XX centuries are discussed in this article. Standpattism is spreading among the population of southern Russia. The ranks of the Protestants were replenished with the social strata associated with the development of capitalist relations in town and village. The emergence and development of Protestantism is an important feature of capitalization and Europeanization of Russia. By the beginning of XX century the Baptists are widely distributed throughout the South of Russia. In the late XIX - early XX century the process of converting from Orthodoxy to Protestantism of Cossacks was observed in the South of Russia. The article also researches Russian Protestantism – the old belief. In 1883 it became possible the old believers' worship. Russian Protestantism gained almost full rights
Social Sciences and Humanities
1339 articles
215 kb

CITY IS A UNIQUE PUBLIC CORPORATION OF THE INTEGRATED SPIRITUAL AND MATERIAL SOCIAL PRODUCTION

abstract 1181604002 issue 118 pp. 41 – 60 29.04.2016 ru 100
The article, from the perspective of developing a regional knowledge economy, examines the modern city as a complex and large system, like a fractal. We have put a scientific problem of developing a set of models that together would be adequate to the Megatrends of development. We explore models of the city as complex and large systems and as a fractal. The article discusses the main elements of a successful city, emphasizing its uniqueness. We have discussed formal criteria of the UN for the success of cities and the perception of its informal judgments of different urban communities. The city, in terms of the structural building conditions in four-sector economy can consist of the following subsystems: historical, mental, national, cultural, institutional, cognitive, symbolic, ecoinnovation technology, property, manufacturing, utilities, social, strategic. This work discusses the mission of the modern city as an environment for the generation of knowledge, culture and innovation. We have proposed a model of the mission of the modern city, in terms of the trend of developing a knowledge economy. The mission of Krasnodar, as a metropolis, preserving the historical identity of the Kuban, providing sustainable and harmonious socio-economic development of the region and the country integrated in space and continued in time, improving the quality of life of residents of the Kuban on the basis of generation, adsorption, selection and distribution of streams of educational, cultural, social and economic innovations and "pollination" of municipalities, consists in the intellectual-spiritual leadership in the region
148 kb

ANTI-CRISIS STRATEGY OF REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT: MYTH OR REALITY?

abstract 1181604009 issue 118 pp. 164 – 177 29.04.2016 ru 107
The round table of "anti-crisis strategy of regional development: myth or reality?", initiated and organized with the active participation of Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of economy of Krasnodar region, the Fund of "research and education initiatives of Kuban" was devoted to the problems of formation of viable development strategies, competitive system of management of economy of regions in modern conditions of the resource and investment restrictions, the drop in living standards of the bulk of the population and the overall stagnation of the economy. Almost all speakers, who represented Moscow, SaintPetersburg, a wide range of regions of Russia, and also coming from abroad, critically assessed the situation in the regional office and offered their recommendations on organization of an effective regional policy
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FACTORS INCREASING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF MILK PRODUCTION IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1181604012 issue 118 pp. 210 – 222 29.04.2016 ru 102
The study justifies the need for improving the competitiveness of milk production in the commodity market, identifies the key indicators of improving the competitiveness of milk, which include the quality and level of costs. A direct dependence of the efficiency of realization of milk and incentives of operators of machine milking (milkers) on the quality of the raw milk produced is defined by means of the method of statistical groupings. A correlation and regression analysis of the quality of milk influence on a milker’s average monthly wage has been done according to the data of large and medium-sized agricultural enterprises of the Krasnodar region. The study justifies the necessity of reducing the cost of milk production as a factor increasing the competitiveness of farm producers in the regional market of agricultural products. Based on the regression analysis, there has been revealed the influence of the main factors of the internal environment on the cost of raw milk production in agricultural organizations of the Krasnodar Region; a direct relationship between the level of specialization of dairy farms and their competitiveness has been defined. The article marks priority directions of increasing competitiveness of agricultural producers, including improvement of the quality and level of safety of raw milk, use of innovative equipment in the process of its production, cost reduction, development of measures of administrative responsibility for the falsification of dairy raw materials
Social Sciences and Humanities
85 articles
174 kb

TECHNOPHOBIA IN PHILOSOPHY

abstract 1181604037 issue 118 pp. 675 – 691 29.04.2016 ru 105
The article is devoted to the analysis of positions of some philosophers who negatively estimate a role of equipment in human lives and societies. It discusses the philosophical concepts of E. Yunger, F. Yunger, M. Heidegger, K. Jaspers, etc. Besides, the authors of this article address to A. Schopenhauer, F. Nietzsche, M. Makklyuen's heritage. In this work it is shown as methods of formalization and symbolization in science are transferred to areas of humanitarian knowledge and spiritual life, impoverishing them, turning "the understanding thinking in estimating". Calculation becomes a sign of the mechanized reality in which education, work, household submit also to the principles of mechanization. Extrapolation of mechanics to all the spheres of human existence leads to destruction of the humanistic principles: the world as mechanical system is the world where one element can be replaced with another where each part represents only object for studying and manipulation. In the article we also describe tendencies of transformation of people into masses on the basis of the rational estimating tradition of Modern times. Thus, in this work the problems menacing to the essence of "human" are being put and the message for further searches of the way of permission of the question of dehumanization in connection with technical development is formulated, when it is impossible to refuse it completely
154 kb

REALISTIC CONCEPTION OF V.M. BEHTEREV

abstract 1161602019 issue 116 pp. 262 – 274 29.02.2016 ru 264
In the focus of the article we have the philosophical concept of the outstanding scientist and social activist V.M. Behterev, which is considered as philosophical realism. Philosophical realism is a trend of Russian intellectual thought. It aims to study the nature and the man is substantial part of which. In this way, the realism is based on the anthropological tradition. Realistic ideology, which is developed by scientists, indicates the comprehension of the relationship of material and ideal in nature. To designate such connection the author proposes the concept of "philosophical conversion". Behterev's theory is positioned as a particular expression of philosophical realism in nature science, and it is termed by "evolutionary monism". It means a correlative connection of a total processes in nature. By analyzing the philosophical views of the scientist, the author concludes that psychic energy appears as a correlate of material and ideal and it is intermediated by humans. Psychic energy like other forms of energy is never destroyed and provides a social immortality of the man. The accumulation of mental energy leads to the creation of higher moral being named «progenerativ». The realistic concept of Behterev is interesting both a historical point of view and in the context of contemporary interdisciplinary efforts to comprehend the "second reality" of man, namely a virtual reality
152 kb

YOUTH LANGUAGE MENTALITY AS A WAY OF EXPLORING THE WORLD

abstract 1161602020 issue 116 pp. 275 – 284 29.02.2016 ru 291
In this article, we are talking about language mentality of youth. The problem is multifaceted and allows the researcher to see different aspects of the interaction of language and mentality, and also their actions in unity. Mentality of young people is largely determined by social conditions, which is expressed in language features. Language, in turn, has some formative influence on the socialization process of the youth mentality. Philosophers, psychologists, linguists, historians examine various aspects of interaction of mentality and language, relations between language and thought, language and history, language and national culture, language and learning, language and humor, etc. In this article, exploring the mentality of the youth system, we distinguish among them language. The goal is to show features of youth language mentality as a way of perceiving the world, to determine levels (degrees) of functioning mentality as a language picture of the world, to identify the factors of formation of individual linguistic mentality of the individual and the social environment
Social Sciences and Humanities
183 articles
162 kb

DEFINITIONAL PROBLEM OF FORMATION OF THE “MUSLIM WORLD” CONCEPT

abstract 1181604023 issue 118 pp. 412 – 427 29.04.2016 ru 91
The peculiarities of representation of the concept “Muslim World” in modern English discourse are regarded in this article. Based on the achievements of cognitive linguistics and cultural linguistics, it is possible to research the concept of “Muslim World” as a phenomenon of the English linguistic culture. Different approaches to the definition of the term “concept” are studied. The article describes definitional analysis of lexical items “Muslim” and “World” in modern English dictionaries. Based on these results, it is concluded dictionaries present the term “Muslim”, first of all, as a human - a follower of a particular religion. We can say the concept “Muslim world” is presented in the social and conceptual knowledge as one of the manifestations of the human world and is used in relation to the reality of cultural and historical unity of the Islamic nation. This concept serves as an image of reality in the system theory of knowledge. The further studying of the Islamic world, as definition is possible to make with the mutual enrichment of the social reality of other peoples. “Muslim world” in accordance with the principle of universal connection of phenomena reveals its potential in the modern world and it becomes possible to establish relationship between people, nature and society, as well as their mutual influence on each other
139 kb

VARIATIONS OF CULTURAL CONCEPT OF “LOVE” IN THE MODERN SONG DISCOURSE

abstract 1181604073 issue 118 pp. 1154 – 1167 29.04.2016 ru 102
This article is dedicated to solving the problem of language and culture relationship in the modern society. Concept “love” is the main subject of the article; the author shows its examples in popular stage songs. There are five variations of love from the psychological and sociological point of view in the article. The author depicts how they are used in the song discourse. According to the research data the author consider that all variations of love in the lyrical song genre are not equally frequent. So while erotic love is almost everywhere, selfish love isn’t so popular. Moreover, the author concludes the cultural level of the whole nation can be defined with its creative arts. Furthermore, nowadays there is clear decadence of culture in English-speaking countries
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THE SYSTEM OF ENGLISH WORDCOMPOSITION IN THE CONTEXT OF GRAMMATICAL APPROACH

abstract 1181604079 issue 118 pp. 1246 – 1255 29.04.2016 ru 104
Word building system of English and its kin languages has been thoroughly investigated first in the grammatical aspect. We investigate the ways of teaching word-building in the context of grammatical approach in teaching foreign languages, specifically English, to future linguists whose major is Linguistics and who have to know the theory of the language as well as to be able to communicate in English. The authors of the article investigate the peculiarities of functioning of compound words, carry out their structural and semantic analysis, which serves as the basis for developing of the skill of working with lexis with young adult researchers. Based on the definition of a lexical skill the authors of the article investigate how to develop the skill of working with lexis with young adult researchers. We apply the grammatical method to developing word-building skills with future linguists when the main goal is to take off the material for investigation, analyze and classify it, thus, performing the operations essential for research of lexical units of a foreign language
Social Sciences and Humanities
16 articles
292 kb

ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF WARM WATER DISCHANGE OF GUSINOOZERSKAYA GRES ON THE ICE REGIME OF GUSINOE LAKE (IN THE WESTERN TRANSBAIKALIA)

abstract 1161602022 issue 116 pp. 298 – 305 29.02.2016 ru 285
The article is devoted to the assessment adverse effects of Gusinoozerskaya GRES on the ecosystem of Lake Gusinoe. It shows the dynamics of the ice regime of Lakes Gusinoe near Gusinoozerskaya GRES. Is noted that industrial pollution reduces the quality of the water in the lake
357 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1121508142 issue 112 pp. 1988 – 1998 30.10.2015 ru 677
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and in Russia in general, such as charter programs to the Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
341 kb

GNSS-BASED TRANSPORT INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION EFFECTIVITY IN TOURISM IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1121508143 issue 112 pp. 1999 – 2007 30.10.2015 ru 459
The main goal of this article is to study tourists transport service cost optimization possibility
Social Sciences and Humanities
303 articles
4550 kb

HOW TO SOLVE THE TASK OF CLASSIFICATION OF TYPES OF RIFLE AMMUNITION USING THE METHOD OF ASCANALYSIS

abstract 1181604001 issue 118 pp. 1 – 40 29.04.2016 ru 92
In criminology, there are actual problems of determining the type (machine gun, rifle, large caliber, pistol) and a particular model of small rifle for its ammunition, in particular, discovered in the use of weapons. The article proposes a solution to this problem with the use of a new innovative method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASCanalysis) and its programmatic toolkit – a universal cognitive analytical system called "Eidos". In the system of "Eidos", we have implemented a software interface that provides input to the system images, and the identification of their external contours on the basis of luminance and color contrast. Typing by multiparameter contour images of specific ammunition, we create and verify the system-cognitive model, with the use of which (if the model is sufficiently reliable), we can solve problems of system identification, classification, study of the simulated object by studying its model and others. For these tasks we perform the following steps: 1) enter the images of ammunitions into the system of "Eidos" and create mathematical models of their contours; 2) synthesis and verification of models of the generalized images of ammunition for types of weapons based on the contour images of specific munitions (multivariate typology); 3) quantification of the similarities-differences of the specific ammunition with generalized images of ammunition of various types and models of small rifle (system identification); 4) quantification of the similarities-differences of the types of munitions, i.e. cluster-constructive analysis
200 kb

CURRENT CRIMINAL-LEGAL ISSUES OF QUALIFICATION OF A CHILD SUBSTITUTION

abstract 1181604007 issue 118 pp. 128 – 146 29.04.2016 ru 98
Relevance of the chosen topic is caused by existence of disputable issues in qualification of the crime established in article 153 of the Criminal code of Russian Federation. Objective and subjective elements of corpus delicti of substitution of a child are analyzed in the article. The special attention is paid to the object of the crime, and also consideration of the concept «victim». In this article «mercenary and low motives» as a constructive feature of the subjective element of substitution of a child are considered, the most significant gaps in norms of the criminal legislation are analyzed and ways of their elimination are offered. Having investigated normative legal acts, court practice, foreign legislation and the existing theoretical developments, authors give their interpretation of article 153 of the Criminal code of Russian Federation. The authors express opinion about strengthening of the punishment for this crime. We consider important inclusion in corpus delicti of this crime such aggravating features as the act: «against two or more persons», «a group of persons by previous agreement or organized group», «a person using his official position», «a person who has a previous conviction for crime against a family and minors»
147 kb

INVESTMENT ACTIVITY OF NON-STATE FOUNDS OF RUSSIA

abstract 1181604019 issue 118 pp. 364 – 375 29.04.2016 ru 119
Currently, pension by virtue of their social significance in favor of one of the main socially important guarantee of stable development of society, to ensure the financial and budgetary sphere of the state. Private pension founds are viewed as an instrument to raise the material well-being of pensioners. The social significance of non-state pension funds is to involve the population in the sphere of voluntary pension insurance. The author analyzed the role of non-state pension funds in acting to pension system. The article subjected to a detailed analysis of the norms of a number of Federal laws, fixing the investment activity of non-state pension found. The author concludes that there is a need to improve existing legislation on investment activity of non-state pension found. As well, the authors indicated some legal problems that occur in practice arising from owners of the investment portfolio. The authors have analyzed the performance of pension funds and formed an opinion about the state of the whole system. Following consideration of the practical problems has been offered for both theoretical and practical ways to address them in order to prevent violation
Social Sciences and Humanities
195 articles
200 kb

ANALYSIS OF EXISTING DEFECTS OF THE RUSSIAN BUSINESS EDUCATION AND OPPORTUNITIES OF TRANSITION TO A NEW MODEL TRAINING

abstract 1181604010 issue 118 pp. 178 – 198 29.04.2016 ru 107
Studying the problems of the development of Russian business education today seems urgent in view of the serious impact of globalization factors on world markets, as well as taking into account the factors of global economic recession and to the undeclared war sanctions restrictions against the Russian economy and not having under itself no justification other than political. The article presents the results of the analysis of positive and negative factors in the development of the Russian business education, because of which it was concluded, that for the further development of the Russian system of business education needs a new approach. It should be based on the formation of the conceptual model, taking into account the current realities in the Russian economy. The authors set out to become the key provisions of the new approach, namely to ensure the growth of professional and specialist competencies required functionality; the study of «effective practical techniques», a reasonable reduction of the duration of the MBA program of study; distribution of specialists trained in powers depending on their positions. The above provisions allowed forming a conceptual model of business education, which is based on four practical degree professional training laid. In addition, the article justified criteria for evaluating the quality and composition requirements for modern business education program. The proposed in the article new approach and the conceptual model of the development of Russian business education are targeted at practitioners who want to gain more knowledge in a limited period and very reasonable cost of education. The further development of the Russian business education system in the very near future will show the validity of this approach
582 kb

THE USE OF VERBAL AND VISUAL METAPHORS IN THE TRAINING COURSES IN THE SUBJECTS OF "CYTOGENETICS" AND "GENETIC MONITORING"

abstract 1181604039 issue 118 pp. 712 – 722 29.04.2016 ru 105
The article considers issues of presentation of educational material using verbal and visual metaphors. Metaphors functions are analyzed, such as: representative, which is a new phenomenon and new object. The second function is the information, i.e., metaphor gives the initial information. The third function is called ornamental, where metaphor adorns scientific speech, makes it more intense. The fourth function of metaphor is explanatory that is metaphor explains the meaning of the phenomenon. The fifth function is economical, because the metaphor allows characterizing phenomena briefly and processes that are at a different way of expressing it was hard to describe. Sixth function is visual, as it creates an image, contributing to the achievement of this phenomenon. We have presented verbal and visual metaphors for each function in the example of teaching disciplines cytogenetics and genetic monitoring. For the implementation in the educational process of metaphors during 2 years of gathered verbal metaphors of scientific articles and books, and reinforce their visual metaphors based on works of art. It is shown that a metaphor conveys not only the primary sense, but also allows you to recreate a bright and unconventional way. In some cases, a metaphor can be a supplement to development of the new course, but sometimes they need to be the main focus in the presentation of the material
406 kb

EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES, DEVELOPING VISUAL THINKING IN THE TEACHING OF BIOLOGICAL DISCIPLINES

abstract 1181604056 issue 118 pp. 937 – 948 29.04.2016 ru 104
The article discusses issues related to visual thinking and educational technologies. We have noted the importance of visual thinking in the teaching process at the higher education institutions and defined its main functions. We have considered information technology for courses such as “History and methodology of scientific agronomy”, “Cytogenetics”, “Genetic monitoring”. The article substantiates basic postulates for the formation of visual environment: the ability to collect the material in accordance with the task and to define the basic accents, and navigate through all of the work; the ability to match the artwork to the selected research topic. As the technology, we have regarded the method of sketches or visual notes, and the method of visual metaphor. The method of sketches or notes was the basis for the creation of electronic databases with images of plants in different works of art. Visual notes allow visualizing the educational information by translating verbal elements of this information into visual that is "to be able to think visually." Works of art, as illustrative environment, have several meanings in training courses: an exemplary or motivation; illustration as a source of information for the analysis of the phenomenon under study; visual, that is paintings or works of art as an illustration of the student response, as a result of its self search. The visual metaphor is used to explain the material, understanding and comparison. Both methods are: the method of sketches and visual metaphors that allow the subject to learn, analyze, communicate and draw analogies with the subject area and to look for new images
Health Sciences
37 articles
176 kb

ROLE OF PLASMAPHERESIS AND XENON THERAPY IN CORRECTING THE ACUTE EFFECTS OF SURGICAL MENOPAUSE IN PATIENTS WITH CERVICAL CANCER

abstract 1171603029 issue 117 pp. 475 – 489 31.03.2016 ru 98
The article analyzes the effectiveness of plasmapheresis and xenon therapy in 40 patients with gynecological cancer who underwent surgery in the amount of extended panhysterectomy about cervical cancer, who developed signs of post-castration syndrome in the immediate postoperative period. The content of gonadotropic pituitary hormones was determined in the blood of patients with cervical cancer and healthy women - follicule-stimulating, luteinizing hormones, prolactin; steroid hormones: estradiol, testosterone, cortisol; thyroid hormones. It is found that xenon therapy has a more pronounced antistress, hormone-modulating, sedative and antidepressant effect and is more preferable to treat post-castration syndrome. Performing of plasmapheresis in this aspect is most justified in patients with concomitant metabolic syndrome
129 kb

VAGINAL MICROECOLOGY IN WOMEN WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME IN CLIMACTERIC PERIOD

abstract 1171603054 issue 117 pp. 833 – 840 31.03.2016 ru 99
The aim of the research is to study the peculiarities of vaginal microbiocenosis in female patients with metabolic syndrome during peri- and postmenopause. 320 women in the climacteric period aged of 45-70 were examined. Two groups were formed: the main group (160 female patients with metabolic syndrome), the control group (160 women without metabolic syndrome). The average age of women 54.5 ± 7.2 years. Depending on the length of menopause each of the two groups was divided into three subgroups.Microscopy of vaginal smears, the colpocytological analysis, the culture test of vaginal discharge were conducted. The statistical processing of the results was carried out with the help of programme sets Microsoft Office 2010 (MicrosoftExcel) and «STATISTICA® for Windows 6.0». A tendency of decreasing frequency of non-specific vaginitis with aging and of increasing frequency of vaginal atrophy, disorders of vaginal biocenosis (lactobacillus deficiency and the domination of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms) was discovered. The frequency of vaginal atrophy in women with a length of postmenopause of 10 years and older was 65.9% in the subgroup of in female patients with metabolic syndrome and 63.6% in the subgroup of female patients patients without it. The more observable changes in vaginal biotope were found in women with metabolic syndrome
160 kb

THE POSSIBILITIES OF NON-DRUG CORRECTION OF UROGENITAL DISORDERS IN FEMALE PATIENTS WITH THE METABOLIC SYNDROME DURING THE MENOPAUSE

abstract 1161602003 issue 116 pp. 70 – 81 29.02.2016 ru 279
The aim of the research was to assess the effect of nondrug correction of urogenital disorders in female patients with metabolic syndrome during the menopause. The research includes 330 women aged 45-50 with metabolic syndrome. Three equal groups with 110 female patients each were formed: the main group, the first control group, and the second control group. In the main group, the non-drug treatment (diet therapy, psychotherapy, physical therapy, exercise therapy) and the vitamin-mineral treatment were combined. In the first control group, only non-drug treatment was used. In the second control group, only the vitamin-mineral treatment was used. Before the treatment and in six months after the treatment, the following was assessed: the intensity of vaginal atrophy symptoms according to the 5-point Barlow scale; Bochman vaginal health index; urinary diaries data. The results of the research showed: the average value of Bochmanvaginal health index has most significantly increased in the main group (from 3,64±0,63 pointsto 4,67±0,68 points, p
Health Sciences
60 articles
145 kb

ETIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF ANEMIA IN DOG INTOXICATION

abstract 1171603050 issue 117 pp. 773 – 785 31.03.2016 ru 99
Dog poisoning toxicant used at home for rodent control (often based on zinc phosphide ) is accompanied by the development of anemia . In etiopathogenesis of this type of pathology of the blood we can highlight as important: haemolytic , haemorrhagic and allergic components, but the nature and extent of the changes under there are unequal. This requires the development of a special algorithm of examination and treatment strategies of the animal in accordance with the stages of the development of the disease. Modern conditions dictate the need, along with the actions to carry out urgent medical identification as the main etiological factor and pathogenesis, and the leading pathogenetic factors that pose a threat to the danger of other pathological processes and disease states. First, we evaluate the extent of damage to the liver, kidneys, heart, spleen and blood vessels, which is possible only if the clinic has appropriate methods and equipment. It is undeniable in this regard the importance of evidence-based recommendations for dietary nutrition of the affected animal's behavior after the clinic urgent remedial measures. The article proves high importance of evaluating the effectiveness of the treatment in the clinic
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THE EFFECT OF DALARGIN ON MYELOID LINK OF WHITE RATS' BLOOD SYSTEM WITH EXPERIMENTAL HYPOTHYROIDISM

abstract 1161602006 issue 116 pp. 110 – 119 29.02.2016 ru 283
Under conditions of white rats' hypothyroidism the changes were studied in myeloid link of blood system and corrective action of dalargin. It has been stated that dalargin causes lasting leukopenia, short-time eosinopenia with consequent normalization of their number and momentarily stimulates neutrophilopoiesis
141 kb

APPLICATION OF THE ANK ANOLYTE SUPER NEW GENERATION DRUG FOR DISINFECTION OF HATCHING EGGS

abstract 1081504033 issue 108 pp. 456 – 467 30.04.2015 ru 744
Spraying the hatching eggs with disinfecting solution was found to be the effective mean to decrease a risk of bacterial contamination. The most used disinfection means contain quaternary ammonium compounds, phenols, iodine of glutaric aldehyde. However, some disinfectants have ability to close pores on to the egg in case of applicating on the surface of egg that results in decreasing evaporation of water during incubation and decreasing hatching. The most popular methods is gazation with using the preparation on a base of formaldehyde, formalin, potassium permanganate. The above-mentioned methods have the risks of potential danger for hatching eggs and developing embryos. For biocidic treatment of eggs YF-irradiation is used, as well as ozone, but it penetrates into eggs owing to eggs pores and destabilizes embryo. Moreover, ozone possesses the toxic, corrosive and inflammable properties and its using must be controlled. Some disinfectants, especially chloral-containing preparation have a property to react with cuticle of eggshell and falls their activity. Other disinfectants, as a rule, block the pores and make difficult gazoexchanging. Using the preparation on a base of electroactivatel solutions of sodium chloride. Was detected to be one of the perspective approaches to disinfection of hatching eggs. The results of study on a development of disinfection technology for hatching eggs contaminated by bacteria and fungi with using the Super ANK Anolyte
Social Sciences and Humanities
10 articles
155 kb

ROLE OF AN INTERTEXT IN D. D. SHOSTAKOVICH’S OPERA “GAMBLERS”

abstract 1171603042 issue 117 pp. 664 – 675 31.03.2016 ru 99
We investigate D. D. Shostakovich's opera “Gamblers” is in the context of an intertext. In this opera, the psychological drama develops; this complex artistic task is solved largely thanks to masterful introduction of a variety of intertextual links. “Gamblers” is an example of recitative opera with an intense, “passionate” vocal style and flexible technique ranging from secco to a gushy accompagnato. The text directs melodic development and intertextual links. The appeal to a method of the intertextual analysis opens interaction between “Gamblers” and their dialogue with musical classics and other Shostakovich’s works. Own creativity and the whole layer of classical works first of all acts as donor texts: operas style bel canto, opera-buffa, D. Verdi’s opera “La traviata”, Russian recitative opera – A. S. Dargomyzhsky, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, M. P. Mussorgsky, works by A. P. Borodin, P. I. Tchaikovsky, and of painter and literary texts – P. A. Fedotov, A. S. Pushkin, L. N. Tolstoy, F. M. Dostoevsky. The intertextual artistic methods, enabled by Shostakovich express a complex psychological content
183 kb

PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION OF MUSICAL EDUCATION

abstract 1171603085 issue 117 pp. 1303 – 1316 31.03.2016 ru 98
The article explores the main types of musical education. We created a table of classification based on the experience of world and Russian culture, personal educational experience. The classification table shows the main features of music education and provides brief comments for each species. We show the multiplicity and multidimensionality of the types of educational activities. Educational activities were classified into nine types of classification: form, volume, organizational complexity, subject, audience, socioeconomic status, genres, performing music composition, connection with media space. It is noted that the main forms are musical-educational lecture and educational concert. Other forms derive from these main types. The article made an important conclusion: music education should be considered a form of communication between musicians and listeners, which along with the aesthetic component plays an important role cognitive component aimed at the formation of the musical (or artistic) culture of the public
1739 kb

MARTIAL ARTIST – ENGRAVER MIKHAIL MATORIN (1901-1976). IMAGE OF THE TOWN OF VYBORG IN THE LINOCUTS OF THE ARTIST

abstract 1111507018 issue 111 pp. 299 – 333 30.09.2015 ru 684
Virtuoso of prints, Mikhail Matorin, is undeservedly forgotten today both by ordinary spectators and by professional art critics. Twenty-five years of fruitful work of the artist have made a great contribution into the development of the domestic drawing. The album of linoleum prints called "Vyborg", created as a result of his staying on the finnish front in june 1944, takes up a special place in his creative work. Vyborg has attracted Matorin by the originality of its northern architectural landscape and the severe beauty of forms. The town was empty; it was left by Finnish residents. Bright sunny days of June with white nights even more emphasized the epic expressiveness of architectural ensembles of the city. Language of Matorin’s linocuts is sharp, clear and emotional. Sonority of strokes and rhythm of lines are in harmony with the noble colors. Matorin’s prints were made on the basis of front-line sketches. The color linocut printmaker used up to 12 boards, achieving the effect of real painting. Matorin’s engravings are remarkable for its special harmony of tones, terseness of colours. This article is aimed at the introduction into the scientific usage of russian artcriticism new unique artistic and history- cultural material, revealing features of creativity and way of life of the engraver, M.V.Matorin. The author for the first time in Russian art-criticism examines and gives an appreciation of the album of linoleum prints "Vyborg" (1944), which is a valuable documentary material
Social Sciences and Humanities
4 articles
1356 kb

CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF STAGED FORMATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL CREATIVE METHOD OF AN ARCHITECT

abstract 1171603041 issue 117 pp. 648 – 663 31.03.2016 ru 102
The article considers the development of a model of gradual formation of individual creative method of an architect in the propaedeutic level since preuniversity stage (with the involvement of distance training) and its continuity of the first courses of architectural disciplines in high school in terms of the Rostov school of architecture. There have been examined some studies by Nechaev N.N. and Sulimenko S.D. at the architectural department of the Far Eastern Technical University, that have revealed a non-linear nature of the formation of spatial thinking and the need to develop a systematic approach in the propaedeutic phase of training. These studies formed the basis of a new conceptual model. A list of the input competence requirements for applicants entering architectural universities to ensure the quality of training at university propaedeutic phase is done. Methodological feature of the Rostov school of architecture, which is both a synthesis of problems in the field of threedimensional composition and design problems is revealed, as well as a combination of methods of modeling and manual architectural drawing with computer graphics (SketchUp, CorelDraw, Photoshop, AutoCad). The schemes of a number of separate stages of the formation of individual creative method of the architect, as well as the general scheme of the whole conceptual model is given
326 kb

PAST AND PRESENT OF NANOTECHNOLOGY: NANO-POWDER TECHNOLOGY AS HYDROFOBISATION MEAN OF SURFACES OF DIFFERENT PHYSICAL NATURE

abstract 1121508094 issue 112 pp. 1291 – 1302 30.10.2015 ru 626
In the context of nano-technological history, some possibilities of nano-powders possibilities are discovered. Through a very high dispersal property they remain on different surfaces, chemical neutral, withheld high temperature, not very expensive to treat surfaces in the process of hydrofobisation, non toxic. Some perspectives to use nano-powders in many fields of industry are discussed
1061 kb

THE ROLE OF ARCHITECTURAL PROPAEDEUTICS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL SKILLS OF AN ARCHITECT

abstract 1061502014 issue 106 pp. 200 – 211 28.02.2015 ru 772
Experience of leading architectural schools and faculties of the country on the integration of propaedeutic course with fundamentals of architectural design in early stages of education is described in the article. The technique of the relationship between composition and specific design tasks, implemented in Rostov architectural school is presented here. The schemes of the phased teaching of students of architectural specialties by the example of the first three course works
Social Sciences and Humanities
48 articles
150 kb

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPIRITUAL SPACE

abstract 1181604042 issue 118 pp. 746 – 757 29.04.2016 ru 99
The article shows that the formation of human spirituality comes in initially existing spiritual space. The author identifies the elements of spiritual space: the moral norm, which is the basis of morality, giving the actions of human moral coloring; system of spiritual and moral values that are absorbed by man, from childhood; spiritual culture. Spiritual culture is represented by four areas: projective, cognitive, valueoriented human activities and spiritual communion. The author points out that the man, turning in the spiritual space, acquires moral standards and spiritual culture, and forms a system of moral values. This forms the inner spiritual world that exists in the spiritual unity of space and time, and characterizes the appearance of the spiritual man field. Spiritual field is represented by a system of meanings; there are emerging mechanisms of development of the individual spirituality. In the spiritual field includes spiritual and moral feelings and experiences. The core of the spiritual field - is the human need for selfrealization of the potential of spiritual possibilities. Spiritual space exists not only in the present and in the past and the future. Being in the spiritual space means that people should follow the spiritual and moral laws and have spiritual needs
151 kb

THE EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CARE PROVIDED FOR THE PATIENTS WHO SUFFERED FROM STRESS DURING THE FLOOD IN THE CITY OF KRYMSK

abstract 1141510009 issue 114 pp. 117 – 132 30.12.2015 ru 430
It is shown in the article that the most effective way to evaluate the effectiveness of post traumatic stress disorder patients rehabilitation is via their regulation and adaptive status
931 kb

INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RAILWAYS OPERATORS OF DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS

abstract 1121508013 issue 112 pp. 177 – 188 30.10.2015 ru 660
The article presents the results of the study of some individual psychological characteristics of the drivers of rail transport in the age groups 25–34 and 35–45 years. We have identified a number of differences between the two age groups associated with both features individually-psychological sphere, and in the psycho-physiological features. Features of age-related psychological differences can be explained by the age characteristics of the representatives of each group; psycho-physiological features of age differences may reflect developed in the course of a long professional activity features. We have also developed adaptive strategies, consciously or unconsciously selected during the long-running monotonous activities and in small social groups (teams of drivers) allow, on the one hand, higher quality performance of their professional duties, on the other — to avoid the harmful effects of stressful situations at work. It can be assumed that the composition of drivers age group 35– 45 years is the result of natural selection, when those who did not cope with this type of activity is simply dismissed or transferred to other kinds of professions
Social Sciences and Humanities
3 articles
241 kb

METHODIC OF A MODERN MILITARY SERVICEMAN'S PROFESSIONAL ORIENTA-TION EVALUATION

abstract 1081504074 issue 108 pp. 1008 – 1018 30.04.2015 ru 704
To the present stage, the process of becoming contract soldier professionals lasts up to 10 years or more, which is impermissible for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. One of the elements of a professional orientation of soldiers under contract is its evaluation. In the study, the authors have proposed evaluation methodology of professional orientation of contract soldiers. The validity and reliability assessment of the proposed methodic was carried out in two stages: stage 1 - respondents survey according to the methodic of M. Rokeach and getting their individual profiles; stage 2 - predicting the level of respondents professional military orientation, based on the assessment of proximity (conformity) of the respondents' individual profiles of value orientations to owned reference profiles. The evaluation of the internal (criterion) validity technique was performed as assessing the validity of the relationship between the influence and the observed results and the possibility to use this relationship to predict respondent's actions in future. Reliability of the methodic was assessed by three indicators. For all the indications we have obtained the results, showing the retest reliability of the proposed methodology of evaluation of military-professional orientation
319 kb

THE RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH OF DYNAMICS OF FORMATION OF A CONTRACT SOLDIER,S PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION

abstract 0961402030 issue 96 pp. 412 – 423 28.02.2014 ru 1264
The results of experimental research of dynamics of formation of a contract soldier’s professional orientation were shown in the article, as well as the conclusions and methodic of assessment of the level of professional orientation formation
184 kb

THE MODEL AND PROGRAMME OF ACTIVATION OF THE MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION DEVELOPMENT IN A CONTRACT SOLDIER

abstract 0931309049 issue 93 pp. 721 – 737 30.11.2013 ru 1357
The model and programme of activation of the military and professional orientation development in a contract soldier are described and well -grounded in the article, as well as the main stages of this development.
Social Sciences and Humanities
31 articles
282 kb

MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN SOCIOLOGY DURING THE LAST FORTYFIVE YEARS

abstract 1171603004 issue 117 pp. 93 – 121 31.03.2016 ru 107
Sociology is one of the most important social sciences. Mathematical and primarily statistical methods are effective intellectual tools of sociologists. Let us analyze the work of the author of this article on the development of statistical methods to meet the challenges of sociology. Then we give the review of development of statistical methods in Russian sociology for 45 years (1970-2015). The basic scientific events of these years, first of all, were formation of applied statistics and its basis - statistics of the non-numerical data (in sociology of 70-90% of variables have non-numerical nature). Over the last 30 years, the Russian sociology has been growing rapidly in all quantitative parameters. Clearly, the depth of investigation gives the use of advanced scientific apparatus - methodology and methods of data collection and analysis, mathematical models. In our view, a fundamental breakthrough was made in our country in the 1970s. It was then in the arsenal of Russian sociologists appeared measurement theory and fuzzy sets, mathematical methods of classification and multidimensional scaling, nonparametric statistics and statistics of non-numeric data. In subsequent decades it has been a natural development of scientific apparatus. The same mathematical and statistical methods and models can be successfully applied in various fields of science and practice. Statistical methods and models are very effective in sociological, socio-economic, managerial, technical and feasibility studies, medicine, history, in almost any industry and application areas of knowledge. Within this field, the main event of the last thirty five years - is becoming a scientific and practical discipline "Applied Statistics", dedicated to the development and application of statistical methods and models. An analysis of the dynamics of applied statistics leads to the conclusion that in the XXI century the statistics of non-numerical data is becoming a central area of applied statistics, as it contains the most common approaches and results
183 kb

MUNICIPAL MANAGEMENT EFFICIENCY AS THE EXAMPLE OF DEPUTY ORDERS REALISATION (THE EXAMPLE OF THE MUNICIPAL CITY OF KRASNODAR)

abstract 1151601061 issue 115 pp. 981 – 998 27.01.2016 ru 288
The article is devoted to the analysis of deputy orders realisation as a part of the social programme devoted to the improvement of the citizens’ welfare. The regularity of the programme results’ indication is analysed as well as the municipal management efficiency assessment is given. Questions of social and economic efficiency are raised
358 kb

THE ANALYSIS OF POLITICAL CONSCIOUSNESS AND CIVIL ACTIVITY OF MODERN STUDENTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF REALIZATION OF ACTIONS OF THE STATE YOUTH POLICY

abstract 1121508135 issue 112 pp. 1857 – 1869 30.10.2015 ru 611
The article is devoted to the vital problem of studying the contemporary condition of political consciousness level and citizen activism among students in Russia in the context of the events realization within the youth policy state programs. Main problems, which are being addressed by various federal target programs in this field (including inconformity of approaches to life, values and behavior models of youth with the country demands; lack of interest among youth in sociopolitical life of society, etc.), are introduced in the paper. Increased focus is put on analysis of youth as a main party of civil society formation and transformation processes. Based on the completed sociological survey among students of Kuban State Agrarian University, the level of awareness of respondents in the field of current international and national political processes and level of their influence on politics, author has identified attitude of the survey participants to political sphere, political leaders, actions of political power and socio-political organizations. Besides, the obtained survey results have allowed to analyze the degree of democratic principles implementation in Russia and its role in the modern world, as well as to identify the most urgent problems affecting Russian society in general and respondents in particular. On the basis of the survey data, the author makes a conclusion about immaturity of political consciousness and catastrophically low level of citizen activism among students which decelerates the process of civil society development
Social Sciences and Humanities
18 articles
159 kb

ETHNO SEPARATIST TERRORISM IN WEST EUROPE

abstract 1181604072 issue 118 pp. 1139 – 1153 29.04.2016 ru 107
For the purpose of this article, the analysis of the development of ethnoseparatism in West Europe has been undertaken. Under current conditions, the ethnical separatism threatens national security of series of European countries and territorial integrity. Special attention has been paid to social and political beginnings and causes of terrorism in Spain and Great Britain. The activity of such terrorist organizations as IRA and ETA has been researched. Ideological basis of violence, purposes and objectives, as well as the main stages of formation and development of these organizations have been disclosed. The author states that the use of the terrorism as a method of political struggle is destructive and does not facilitate a solution to the national problems. We have also considered approaches of the governments to solve the problems of separatism and terrorism on the territory of these countries. In their counter-terrorism efforts political leaders of Spain and Great Britain have used both methods of force and political and legal methods, namely, granting to the regions of wide economical and political independence, preservation of authentic cultural values and language of indigenous people. The formation of violence intolerance in public conscience as control method has become the main direction of the antiterrorist policy in the countries under consideration. Anti-terrorist model which has been developed by the European countries can be effective and useful for the regions being in ethnopolitical conflicts
148 kb

TO THE PROBLEM OF INTERNATIONAL LEGITIMIZATION OF NEW STATES: POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS

abstract 1171603037 issue 117 pp. 600 – 611 31.03.2016 ru 103
The article is devoted to the problem of legitimization of new states that came into be in the post-socialist period as a result of secession processes. The relevance of this topic is accounted for by the intensification of these processes in various parts of the world and the ensuing quest of the new polities for independence and recognition. These processes reflect a historically grounded discrepancy between the need of the people in the new states for self-identification and the desire to keep their territorial integrity intact. This is aggravated by the fact that political and legal settlement of the problem of international recognition of the new polities has so far not been achieved. This leads to various conflicts, misunderstanding and the policy of double standards. The key idea consists in the following: a fully valid legitimacy of power in the “de facto”, or “contested” states cannot be achieved through the internal recognition of power alone, without the external constituent – the international recognition of the new polity. The article also focuses on the interpretation of various names attributed to such polities, especially those that sprang up on the post-soviet territories. A special attention is devoted to highly contested conceptual and legal approaches to the problem, subject for discussions in the politicolegal sphere
181 kb

MAIN PRINCIPLES OF FORMATION YOUTH MEDIUM UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE INSTITUTIONAL SPHERE

abstract 1171603065 issue 117 pp. 1015 – 1031 31.03.2016 ru 143
The article focuses on how to define the notion of youth as it is considered today, and is aimed to reveal the main social functions in this category, such as educational, professional, cultural, and others, depending on particular historical conditions. A high-demand model of focusing young people's attention on numerous tasks and contemporary challenges the modern society faces is described within the context of the youth leadership concept. This results in working out some strategic programmes and training courses. The peculiarities of the youth labor market give the opportunity to integrate into the market economy and form young people's attitude to labor. The crucial point is to figure it out how the modern system of youth involvement can be correlated with some structural components that determine common competitive features and preferences of the young generation. A resource-balanced approach to organizing quality labor and social activity of the young generation is presented in the article
Social Sciences and Humanities
18 articles
136 kb

DESIGN IN ACTUAL ADVERTISING DISCOURSE: SOCIAL AND CULTUREL MEANING AND FUNCTIONS

abstract 1141510034 issue 114 pp. 468 – 477 30.12.2015 ru 435
The article is devoted to the theoretical coverage of the actual system of modern humanitarian knowledge of design concepts and advertising discourse. Design theory and the concept of advertising discourse are considered in relation to the area of advertising communications, in terms of design technology. The article also gives definitions of the concepts of "design", "advertising discourse." It is concluded that the application of the theory of design and advertising discourse mastering concepts help to understand the mechanism of transmission of cultural meanings through its own figurative and graphic design tools
147 kb

MERCHANT’S TOWN MANSIONS IN THE KUBAN REGION: STYLE AND ORGANIZATION OF ENVIRONMENT (THE LATTER HALF OF THE XIX - THE EARLY 20TH CENTURIES)

abstract 1101506027 issue 110 pp. 402 – 414 30.06.2015 ru 800
In the article, the features of style and environmental organization of merchant’s mansion in the Kuban Region are studied. Using the different evidential materials the authors describe the artistic preferences of merchants and noblemen, those were fixed in the buildings’ architecture of the surveying historical period
119 kb

THE ROLE OF PROGRESSIVE AND REGRESSIVE TRENDS IN THE SYSTEM OF MODERN DOMESTIC EDUCATION

abstract 1081504067 issue 108 pp. 934 – 941 30.04.2015 ru 728
The article is devoted to the actual problem of progressive and regressive tendencies of Russian education. Education is considered as a socio-cultural system of three levels. Discloses the concept of value of Russian education. The first level of the value of education is its state value. The second level of the value of education is called social values. The third level of the value of education is a personal value. Between the value of education and social values, there is a direct link. The term «higher education» in Russian culture has several meanings. In the first approach, higher education is the learning outcomes of the individual. This approach is called «formal». In the second approach, higher education is a process and the result of an educational and spiritual development of the individual. This approach is called the «cultural». The educational component of the education system is extremely important. However, in the modern Russian education the importance of the educational component is reduced. Such a trend could lead to a loss of traditional forms of culture. The current crisis was caused by the Russian education loss of moral values, traditions, ideas and norms in the educational system. Therefore, the modernization of the Russian education is necessary in view of the importance of his spiritual component
Physical Sciences and Engineering
13 articles
277 kb

HYPOTHESIS OF THE ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE, SOLAR SYSTEM AND EARTH

abstract 1181604013 issue 118 pp. 223 – 244 29.04.2016 ru 105
It is assumed that in the primordial state of the Universe was missing the elements of matter, it was submitted to electromagnetic photon field in a broad frequency band. Photons with energy ε=1,02 born MeV electrons and positrons, and photons with energy ε=1,87 born МeV protons and antiprotons. The Association of protons, electrons and essential spectrum of photons created a sustainable hydrogen atoms and neutrons. Association of hydrogen atoms led to the creation of hydrogen clusters, and merging neutron – neutron creation of clusters (pulsars). As a result, the concentration of photons in the Universe decreased and the universe were compressed. The gravitational interactions between the hydrogen and neutron clusters was coming off of a mass of matter from both. The torn mass of hydrogen clusters were created on the planet. Separation of the mass from neutron clusters led to the neutron exposure of the main hydrogen clusters and loose parts from him (future planets). The latter, being closer to the main hydrogen accumulation, under the influence of neutron flux were redesigned to all elements of the periodic table. The article describes nuclear reactions convert one chemical element to another. After irradiation of the primary hydrogen clusters of neutrons and the emergence of the heavy and superheavy hydrogen, started fusion reactions with the release of photon energy and the transition of hydrogen clusters in Stellar condition. They began to glow. The selection of the photon energy of the Stars led to the increase in the concentration of photons in the Universe, the increase of the pressure and the expansion of the Universe, which is what happens at the present stage of its development. Combining antiprotons, electrons (positrons) with the required spectrum of photons created sustainable antihydrogen and antineutrons, and their clusters – clumps of antimatter in the Universe
267 kb

THE COORDINATES OF THE POINTS BACKWARDS THE ANGULAR NOTCH

abstract 1181604090 issue 118 pp. 1387 – 1395 29.04.2016 ru 101
Even with the modern development of geodetic techniques to abandon traditional ways a condensation of planned networks is not possible. Therefore, the article describes the case of determination of coordinates of points using backwards the angular notch and the accuracy of their determination. In the classical methods of solving the backwards the angular notch are calculated coefficients, and get the coordinates of the designated point. The authors propose to use auxiliary angles that will reduce the amount of calculation. In addition, the article gives examples of solutions to well-known formulas of Gauss and through the calculation of direct geodetic purpose
456 kb

HOW TO ESTIMATE THE ACCURACY OF DETERMINING THE COORDINATES IN THE APPROACH OF HANSEN

abstract 1171603010 issue 117 pp. 192 – 203 31.03.2016 ru 99
Recently, there have been satellite-based methods widely used to determine the coordinates of points, which allow, without mutual visibility between points, to pursue their coordinates. However, in some cases, for example in forests, in urban buildings the application of these methods becomes a problem and it is easier to apply traditional methods. The article describes the case of using the method of calculation of coordinates for "the approach of Hansen" and held to evaluate the accuracy of determining the coordinates of the points. Some studies provide only recommendation guidelines that the most accurate results are obtained when the shape of the building is shaped similar to a square. In our case, on the basis of obtained formulae we had an analysis of the influence of the length of the corresponding base, and its distance from the source side on the accuracy of determination of coordinates of the original points. The conclusion is that the accuracy of determination of coordinates of required points depends on the ratio of the length of the original basis and the baseline. The optimal can be considered the distance equal to 0.3-0.6 of the length of the baseline. The holding data in the study can successfully be used for the drafting of geodetic reference polygonometries moves and thickening of networks
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