Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Sections

Physical Sciences and Engineering
394 articles
150 kb

PROBABILISTIC MODEL OF THE PROCESS OF REDUCTION OF THE PRICE FOR PLANNED ACTIONS

abstract 1321708026 issue 132 pp. 324 – 334 31.10.2017 ru 0
The soil fertility increase issues are very relevant now. Intensive development of agriculture cannot be made effectively without complex actions for farmlands protection from different types of degradations. On the one hand, it is necessary to ensure the maximum harvest of crops, and to preserve and increase the fertility of the soil and prevent negative anthropogenic impact on the environment on the other. For an extended reproduction of soil fertility, a system of measures is necessary for introduction of mineral and organic fertilizers into the soil, agrotechnical and reclamation methods, stimulation of humus formation processes, and so on. Therefore, methods are important that allow us to estimate the planned measures in advance to improve soil fertility and to eliminate environmental damage. In the article, the estimated parameters are treated by random variables. This allows us to consider the uncertainty in terms of probability distributions. It is offered a probabilistic model of the process of reducing the price of the proposed activity. Mathematical expectation, variance, distribution density of the considered random variable probabilities as the main characteristics of the object state price are calculated. The model can be used to address issues of rational use of land, scientifically based land management organization, when drafting land reclamation project
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GENERIC POLYNOMIALS

abstract 1321708044 issue 132 pp. 549 – 558 31.10.2017 ru 0
The concept of generic polynomial appeared in Saltman’s works at the end of the last century and it is connected with the inverse problem of Galois theory, which is still far from its complete solution. Let G be a finite group and K be a field, the polynomial f(x,t1, … , tn) with coefficients from the field K is generic for the group G, if Galois group of this polynomial over the field K(t1, … , tn) is isomorphic G and if for any Galois extension L/K with Galois group isomorphic G there are such values of parameters ti = ai , i = 1,2, … , n, that the field L is the splitting field of the polynomial f(x,a1, … , an) over K. Generic polynomials over a given field K and a given finite group G do not always exist, and if they exist then it’s not easy to construct them. For example, for a cyclic group of the eight order C8 there is no generic polynomial over the field of rational numbers Q, although there are found specific polynomials with rational coefficients having Galois group isomorphic C8. Therefore, this is of interest to construct generic polynomials for the group G in cases when G is a direct product of groups of lower orders. In this study we show to solve this problem in case when G is a direct product of certain cyclic groups and there is a type of corresponding generic polynomials. Moreover, we give constructions over the fields of characteristic 0 and over the fields of characteristic 2
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SIMULATION OF A PLASMA CHANNEL AND TRACK IN MOTION OF PLASMA SOURCE IN CONDUCTIVE ENVIRONMENT

abstract 1321708129 issue 132 pp. 1492 – 1516 31.10.2017 ru 0
A model is developed that describes the formation of the plasma channel and the trace when moving in a conducting medium of various objects that are sources of plasma - ball lightning, plasmoids, charged particles, and so on. To describe the contribution of conduction currents, we modified the standard electrostatic equation considering the vortex component of the electric field. As a result of this generalization, a system of parabolictype nonlinear equations is formulated that describes the formation of the plasma channel and the track behind the moving object. In this formulation, the problem of the formation of the lightning channel in weak electric fields, characteristic for atmospheric discharges of cloudearth, is solved. Numerical simulation of the motion of plasma sources in a region with a ratio of the sizes 1/100, 1/200 makes it possible to find the shape of the channel and the total length of the track, as well as the branching regimes. It was previously established that there are three streamer branching mechanisms. The first mechanism is associated with the instability of the front, which leads to the separation of the head of the streamer into two parts. The second mechanism is related to the instability of the streamer in the base region, which leads to the branching of the streamer with the formation of a large number of lateral streamers closing the main channel of the streamer to the cathode. The third branching mechanism, observed in experiments, is associated with the closure of the space charge to the anode through the streamer system. These branching mechanisms are also revealed when the leader is spread. Numerical experiments have revealed a new channel branching mechanism and a trace behind a moving plasma object, caused by the conductivity of the medium
Physical Sciences and Engineering
54 articles
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QuЕChERS SAMPLE PREPARATION IN THE DETERMINATION OF PESTICIDES OF DIFFERENT CHEMICAL CLASSES BY HPLC

abstract 1321708011 issue 132 pp. 117 – 127 31.10.2017 ru 0
The method has been developed of simultaneous determination of active ingredients of different kinds of pesticides in biological tissues (fish liver) by applying HPLC with ultra-violet detection and the rapid method of QuEChERS sample preparation. We defined optimum volume and composition of the reagents for the extraction, time of centrifugation and ultrasound treatment, the origin and composition of sorbents that ensure maximum extraction of the substances studied and further cleanup of interfering substances. Acetonitrile was used as a solvent. The extraction was carried out in the presence of a buffering mixture - trisodium citrate dihydrate and disodium citrate hemihydrate. Bondesil PSA bulk sorbents (alkylated amine containing two amine functional groups - secondary and primary) and C18E (reversed-phase sorbent based on silica gel with grafted octadecylsilane groups were used to purify the extract from coextractable substances (fats, proteins, sugars, organic and fatty acids, pigments and other impurities). The degree of extraction of the analyzed active ingredients of pesticides from the liver of fish was 79%. The detectable pesticide concentrations ranged from 0,4 to 0,97 mg/kg. The relative standard deviation of the analysis results amounted to 0,01-0,14
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ALTERNATIVE MODEL OF CALCULATIONS OF VALUES OF ATOMIC RADIUS

abstract 1321708051 issue 132 pp. 616 – 627 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article presents the results of the development of an alternative model for calculating the values of atomic radius. A formula was derived for calculating the atomic radius of the elements of the Periodic System of DI Mendeleev. The optimal calculation conditions for the proposed model are found. It is shown that the curve of the dependence of the value of the correction coefficient x on the atomic number of the element in form coincides with the dependence of the ionization energy on the charge number
239 kb

STUDY OF EARLY STAGES OF MELANOIDIN’S FORMATION PROCESSES IN MODEL ETHANOLIC D-GLUCOSE – pTOLUIDINE SYSTEM

abstract 1321708057 issue 132 pp. 720 – 727 31.10.2017 ru 0
The results of investigation of melanoidin’s formation early stages in acidic ethanolic D-glucose – p-toluidine model system are presented. Based on the elemental analysis, IR- and UV-spectroscopy data obtained we have shown, that in system studied Amadori rearrangement product undergo the aryl amine elimination during browning to form a nonnitrogenous reductons with antioxidative activity in processes of linoleic acid oxidation. It is also noted, that in system studied inhibition of carbohydrate’s destruction occurs because of non-reactive O-ethylglycosides formation. The data obtained may be useful for technology of carbohydrate-containing raw material
Life Sciences
516 articles
322 kb

STABILIZATION OF MRNA CEREALS IN VITRO UNDER THE SILICON INFLUENCE

abstract 1321708056 issue 132 pp. 685 – 719 31.10.2017 ru 0
The differential stability of mRNA is an important mechanism for posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Messenger RNA stability is controlled by specific genes and growth conditions. The review examines the theoretical possibility of mRNA stabilization in vivo as a consequence of replacing carbon atoms (C) or phosphorus (P), composed of nucleic acid on the silicon (Si) atom. During isolation of poly-(A)+mRNA from plant tissues by the two-cycle affinity chromatography on poly-(U)-Sepharose, regular changes in poly- (A)++mRNA yield were observed. The changes varied both with the plant genotype and growth conditions. Celite treatment of heated and unheated total RNA preparations from developing corn kernels and from green and etiolated wheat seedlings. Messenger RNA that differed in the length of poly- (A)-sequences was used for hybridization. It is evident that a reduction of poly-(A)-length causes alterations in spatial structure of mRNA, and associated proteins and cations Mg++ become accessible to celite absorption. Heating promotes melting of secondary structure, already initiated, and increases the efficiency of mRNA stabilization by celite. Interpreting the facts interact celite with mRNA in vitro and stabilization of mRNA in vivo by cycloheximide with a modern point of view can be considered with the position research of the phenomenon of RNA interference
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IDENTIFICATION OF S2 AND S3 ALLELES OF SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY GENE IN CRAB APPLE AND ADVANCED BREEDING SELECTIONS

abstract 1321708084 issue 132 pp. 1076 – 1085 31.10.2017 ru 0
Industrial horticulture assumes the most effective use of the potential of varieties. One of the key factors determining the yield of garden plantings is the effectiveness of pollination. To obtain the maximum yield, it is necessary to ensure maximum pollination during the flowering period. For this reason, much attention has been paid to the selection of pollinators. Crab-apple forms are promising for use as pollinators, so this work was aimed at identifying the most common alleles of the self-incompatibility gene in the crab-forms using the molecular genetic method of analysis. The object of the study was 29 apple-tree creams and 3 elite selection forms. They carried out the molecular genetic identification of alleles S2 and S10, which are among the most common apple trees in the world gene pool. Allele S2 was identified in 16 samples (14 forms and 2 elite selection forms), while S10 allele in one sample (elite form 12/2-20 (24-28)). Data on the allelic composition of the S gene in the samples studied are of value for the formation of a genetic passport on the compatibility of the studied samples of apple with modern industrial varieties
288 kb

NUTRIENT MEDIUM FOR INDUCTION GEMMOGENESIS TO CREATE SOMATIC CLONES OF TEA PLANTS IN VITRO CULTURE

abstract 1321708100 issue 132 pp. 1258 – 1267 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article presents the first results of studies of somaclonal variability, which take place during cultivation of tea plants tissues and organs in vitro culture. As a starting material, there was used morphogenic callus, isolated from the basal part of tea microshoots, because callus increases somaclonal variability. An optimized protocol of the nutrient medium for induction gemmogenesis to product somatic clones of tea plants in vitro culture was developed. Morphogenesis calluses, initiated from the basal part of tea microshoots and subcultured on the nutrient medium with 6 – BAP – 2,5 ml + gibberellic acid – 1,0 ml + Tidiazuron – 4,0 ml + Tryptophan – 1000 mg, distinguished by high rates of induction of gemmogenesis – 63,3 %. The article studies the effect of exogenous growth regulators on morphological and growth indices of tea callus culture in vitro
Physical Sciences and Engineering
20 articles
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ANALYSIS OF EXTINCTION AND EMERGENCE DYNAMICS OF NEW RADIOLARIA'S SPECIES IN THE CRETACEOUS AND PALEOGENE PERIODS

abstract 1321708102 issue 132 pp. 1278 – 1289 31.10.2017 ru 0
The dynamics of changes in the species diversity of radiolarians during the last 150 million years with accuracy to one geological century was determined. The basic patterns of species and taxa of high rank change had been established for the boundary between Cretaceous and Paleogene. There were revealed topomorphic features of bipolar species, which have succeeded from the Cretaceous into the Paleogene and became ancestors of Cenozoic radiolarian fauna. Changes in the species number in the boundary between Cretaceous and Paleogene periods, and also significant variations in the species diversity in Paleocene and Eocene are connected to a combination of a number of factors. The most important of those factors are geological processes, causing extensive transgressions and regressions, climate variability, the overall evolution direction of the Earth biota and competition for important chemical components for the Radiolaria’s livelihood. The emergence of powerful tropical forests on the land with their huge bio-production and bio-chemical erosion is connected to late Cretaceous era. This resulted increasing of the dissolved material proceeding into the sedimentation pool, what is confirmed by classical bauxites emergence. Because aluminium oxide and silicon oxide are geochemically connected, we can state as well about increasing of dissolved silica flow initiated development of Diatoms, which became competitors to Radiolaria in their battle for silica. The last ones are lost this battle, what caused the species decreasing. That was not a catastrophic event with immediate extinction, but a long process
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EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 603
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
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STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 1556
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1709 articles
185 kb

METHODS OF INCREASING THE LEVEL OF LOGISTICS SERVICES FOR RELATED PRODUCTS OF VERTICALLY INTEGRATED OIL COMPANIES

abstract 1321708003 issue 132 pp. 8 – 22 31.10.2017 ru 0
The competitiveness of any company engaged in the wholesale or retail sale of goods and services is substantially determined by the level of quality of the services provided. For the accompanying business of vertically integrated oil companies, the criterion of quality service is not an exception. Currently, cafes and shops at the refueling complex are not only a convenient service for customers, but also a solid source of additional revenues for the largest oil companies, each of which seeks to make the retail network attractive to customers by offering a wide range of goods in stores, ready meals in a cafe, and related services. To satisfy the needs of the client, it is necessary to offer a wide, but rational assortment of goods at the refueling complexes. The claimed goods must always be at the refueling complexes. The lack of goods necessary for the customer on the shelf means the loss of sales and profits, the order and location of goods that are not in demand - the formation of surpluses, returns to the supplier and write-offs. This also affects the overall economic performance of the company. In this regard, the increase of logistics service is one of the priority tasks of the accompanying business of vertically integrated oil companies
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MODELING THREADS AND THREADED CONNECTIONS IN THE SYSTEM OF THE AUTOMATED DESIGNING

abstract 1321708005 issue 132 pp. 35 – 44 31.10.2017 ru 0
The work was carried out not only in the scientific, but also in practical directions, the key part of which was the modeling of the system. Consideration of the presented modeling processes occurred on the basis of the delivered pedagogical experiment associated with the introduction in the discipline "Engineering Graphics" of a new tool for the military educational institution to obtain the final graphic design document. The purpose of the experiment included a comparative analysis of modeling tools (manual and machine) and their impact on the production of the final product (drawing). As a tool, the computer-aided design system Кompas-3D was used. The presented research was worked out in practical classes of the specified discipline, the theme of one of them was "Image of thread and threaded connections". With the help of the graphic editor Compass-3D, a model of the shaft and bushing with the specified thread profile was obtained, as well as the assembly unit based on them. The entire way of obtaining the above objects for convenience and ease of perception has been broken down into certain stages. The results of the pedagogical experiment were very satisfactory; the goal of the practical training was fully achieved
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ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY DESIGN OF A HIGH CLEARANCE FARMING TRACTOR FOR CULTIVATION AND HARVESTING OF TALL CROPS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF TOBACCO)

abstract 1321708009 issue 132 pp. 93 – 103 31.10.2017 ru 0
Results of the research on ecological safety of utilizing high clearance tractors for cultivation and harvesting of high stalk plants are presented. Purpose of the research was to decrease damaging of high stalk plants during multi-pass harvesting by tractor parts. For increasing efficiency and competitiveness of high stalk plants decreasing prime cost of production, increasing profitability and labor productivity are required. This can be achieved by introducing complex factors, which together with other factors as complex technological and technical modernization are required. Basic direction of modernization is utilizing completely new technologies and renewal of machines. Modern tractors utilized for tobacco growing have been analyzed. Basic demands for high clearance tractor which can be used for tobacco, grape and fruit trees growing have been developed. Researches on studying the tobacco plant folding during harvesting have been carried. Scheme of high clearance tractor MTZ-80 which can be assembled with machines for multi-pass harvesting of high stalk plants without their damaging has been developed. New scheme for modernization tractor MTZ-80 into high clearance model has been proposed. It can be done by changing speed reducers and forward wheels with size 11,2x20 on size 11,2x28. This will increase clearance from 470 to 840 mm
Life Sciences
1033 articles
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THE POTENTIAL OF BEANS AND CEREALS GRASS MIXTURE TO DEVELOP HABITAT AT DIFFERENT DEGREES OF NOURISHMENT REGIME IN THE CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL YAKUTIA

abstract 1321708008 issue 132 pp. 81 – 92 31.10.2017 ru 0
In this article, we present the results of the experiments on the potential of productivity and accumulation of the root mass of the Alfalfa and Brome-grass, on the content of the main nourishment elements and the consolidation of gross energy in the roots and agroenergetical effect of the collected gross energy in the conditions of permafrost turf soil of the Middle Lena valley. The maximum productivity potential of beans and cereals grass mixture was reached on the basis of the organic mineral nourishment regime: the collected exchange energy – 21,3 GJ, feed units – 1568 and collected raw proteins – 428 kg per ha. Thus, the content of digestible protein in beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenoenosis was increased from 118 to 124 g, that exceeded a zootechnic norm (105 g). In general the nitrogen contained in the total root mass of beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenoenosis was up to 26,6 centner per hectare and movable phosphorus- up to 33,6 kg per hectare that can serve as the source of nourishment for sown herbs. The maximal stock of gross energy in roots was got in beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenoenosis at organic-mineral degrees (humus of 40 centner per hectare once in 4 years + of N120PK60 annually) up to 157,1 GJ/ha, while the accumulation of the root mass reached 140,3 centner per hectare at average annual rates of accumulation of dry substance up to 24,5 centner per hectare. The processes of formation, decomposition and death of roots in the beans and cereals grass mixture agrophytocenosis take place almost in a balance state. Wherein the biological factor, as the inclusion of the Yakut yellow variety of the Alfalfa in the grass stand, plays a positive role
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INFLUENCE OF THE MELIORATIVE CONDITION ON THE PROPERTIES OF SOILS OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES OF KUBAN AND THEIR PRODUCTIVITY

abstract 1321708017 issue 132 pp. 218 – 230 31.10.2017 ru 0
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
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INFLUENCE OF ENRICHMENT SEEDS WITH COPPER ON RICE YIELD

abstract 1321708023 issue 132 pp. 288 – 305 31.10.2017 ru 0
We have studied the effect of presowing enrichment with copper on the seed yield of rice. We have found optimum concentration of water solution of copper, which provides higher yields of seeds and evaluated the impact of the enrichment with copper on the growth processes in the plants of rice. The studies were conducted in elite seed-growing enterprise "Krasnoe" of All-Russian Research Institute of rice. It was found that for rice-growing farms of the Kuban region with the aim of increasing the quantity and quality of grain yield it is necessary to make sowing of rice seeds enriched with copper. This application should be carried out by wetting the rice seeds with 0,5 % water solution of the microelement with a semi-dry method, i.e. the rate of 10 liter working solution of copper in 1 ton of seed. The article proves the economic feasibility of enrichment of rice seeds with copper
Social Sciences and Humanities
111 articles
212 kb

ISLAMIC LAW IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

abstract 1321708007 issue 132 pp. 58 – 80 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article is devoted to the problem of formation and development of Islamic law in the Ottoman Empire. In the beginning of the article, the author considers the ratio between Sharia and customary law in the legal system of the Ottoman Empire and reveals that the basis of customary law is the right of the Turks. Furthermore, the author highlights the main legal institutions of the state, and analyzes legal acts that appeared during the reign of the sultans Muhammad al-Fatih, Selim I, Suleiman I, Ahmad I and Abd alHamid. Then the author analyzes the features of Islamic law of the Ottoman Empire, identifies features of the contractual relationship, matrimonial and criminal law. Compares the rights of Muslims and non-Muslims, and reveals that the latter were divided into two categories: zimmi and musta’man, identifying legal privileges of each of them. At the end of the article, the author makes a conclusion about the continuity of the various legal acts of the Ottoman Empire, the crown of which is al-Majalla, some of the provisions, which has not lost its relevance in our time
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MYTHS AND REALITIES OF THE 1917 REVOLUTION

abstract 1321708103 issue 132 pp. 1290 – 1300 31.10.2017 ru 0
2017 was declared the year of the "100th anniversary of the Great Russian Revolution", or else it is called the "Great Russian Revolution". Such a message was given to the Address of the President of our country, V.V. Putin to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. The authors in the article rightly and reasonably point out that if the February bourgeois revolution, despite a number of objective reasons, was still the apex, palace take-over, October of 1917 was precisely a revolution, and not some kind of Bolshevik conspiracy. Why a revolution, not a take-over? The authors prove and convince the reader that this was essentially an inter-information socialist revolution, which radically changed the social system and the form of ownership. The article proves that the palace coup, which took place in February and brought "politicians into dress coats" to power, led to the victory of October 1917 due to their inaction and incompetence in the country's political leadership. None of the exciting question: about the war, peace, land, factories and factories, the form of state structure, the Provisional Government was not allowed. Therefore, due to objective and subjective reasons, the victory of the Great October Socialist Revolution broke out
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THE POLICY OF TSARIST RUSSIA IN CHECHNYA AT THE TURN OF THE 1840- 1850-IES

abstract 1311707027 issue 131 pp. 271 – 287 29.09.2017 ru 72
In the article, based on factual material, we reveal the policy of tsarist Russia in Chechnya at the turn of the 1840-1850-ies. The article points out that in 1836, Chechnya was not included in the national liberation movement of highlanders of the North-Eastern Caucasus. In early 1840, Shamil was elected the Imam of Chechnya and the Imam of Dagestan and Chechnya. The same year there was a General revolt in Chechnya. Since that time, the center of the national liberation movement in the North-East Caucasus was moving to Chechnya. The article noted that for the conquest of the Chechen population by the king's command despite military means there were made engineering, economic and ideological measures. In the end, these measures and the teachings of Kunta-Haji, which began to spread in the same period of time, influenced the political situation in Chechnya and the minds of the Chechens. And all this, taken together, led to the fact that since the early 50-ies of the 19th century some groups of the society of Chechnya began to show a tendency towards reconciliation with Russia. In the studied time there was a change of tactics of the king's army in Chechnya. The Royal army was moving from trench warfare to the method of the marginalization of Chechens further and further into the mountains, through the construction of forest rides, and consolidated in the captured territory a system of military forts and Cossack villages. In 1850 the Royal army began to implement a plan of invasion of Chechnya which was Dagestan barns. This undermined the economic base of the Imamate heavily. Since the beginning of the 1850-ies and up until 1859, the center of gravity of the Caucasian war was transferred to Chechnya. There would be major events that would create the fate of the Imamate. Thus, the article characterizes the economic and propaganda policy of tsarism and its importance in the conquest of Chechnya; we have also highlighted the military actions against the mountaineers, explored the tactics and the strategy of the king's army in Chechnya
Social Sciences and Humanities
1697 articles
113 kb

USING SYSTEM-COGNITIVE ANALYSIS FOR ESTIMATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DIVERSIFIED CORPORATION

abstract 1321708001 issue 132 pp. 1 – 7 31.10.2017 ru 0
A diversified corporation is a highly complex multivariable dynamic system. The application of classical forecasting methods applied to such objects has encountered a number of difficulties, due to its economic nature. In the article, we substantiate the requirements to the forecasting method; on the basis of these requirements we can select the method and its software tool
580 kb

ANALYSIS OF CONDITIONS OF FORMING EFFECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS OF DAIRY SUBCOMPLEX ENTERPRISES OF AIC

abstract 1321708012 issue 132 pp. 128 – 155 31.10.2017 ru 0
The authors investigate the conditions conducive to the formation of effective associations of raw material enterprises of the agroindustrial complex and raw material processors. The unbalanced process of relations between agricultural producers and processing plants negatively affects the economic position of the partners of the merger. The diktat of low purchasing prices for raw materials by processing enterprises hinders the cost-effective operation of agricultural commodity producers. Procurement prices set by dairy processing enterprises for milk do not compensate not only production costs, but also losses from inflation. This leads to a sharp decline in the profitability of milk production. A paradoxical situation arose: on the one hand dairy plants encountered an acute shortage of raw materials, on the other, the problem of selling milk by its producers at an acceptable price was aggravated. The disparity between the purchase prices for milk and retail prices for dairy products has led agricultural enterprises to explore alternative markets. On the basis of the mathematical model of the agricultural consumer cooperative, conditions for the formation of effective associations of enterprises of the dairy subcomplex of the agroindustrial complex are analyzed
237 kb

IMPROVING THE SALES SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1321708021 issue 132 pp. 265 – 276 31.10.2017 ru 0
Based on the analysis of modern production and sales of agricultural products, the main problems of this sphere, the impact of various economic and political phenomena on it, state support and foreign sanctions were studied. The issues of improving the implementation of agricultural products, the direction of development and improvement of the sales management system are considered. The influence of the seasonal factor in the sale of agricultural products producers was established. On the example of the sale of eggs of representatives of small forms of management with the help of the construction of the polynomial trend and the seasonality index, a forecast for 2017 and 2018 is made. The sales activity of the enterprise should directly focus on the current monitoring of the market situation, cooperation with other producers, joint search for partners with the goal of not only short-term cooperation, but also possible conclusion of any long-term contracts taking into account the forecasted sales volume. We have proposed measures to improve the implementation of agricultural products, the direction of development and improvement of the management of sales and storage of products through the establishment of wholesale distribution centres. Various methods for the formation of such centres are indicated. Prospects from the implementation of these projects and possible problems of their creation are explored
Social Sciences and Humanities
99 articles
138 kb

HERMENEUTICITY OF PHILOSOPHY

abstract 1311707074 issue 131 pp. 904 – 913 29.09.2017 ru 63
The article reveals the thought of hermeneuticity of philosophy by its nature and methods of exposition. Philosophy is not technical, but personal. The study of personal philosophy is impossible without studying the life journey of the philosopher, considering the constitution of his soul and mind. Philosophy always contains a hidden sense that needs to be deployed. It proves the necessity of transition in teaching philosophy to the position of hermeneutics. Insight of philosophy should be sought in education. Only in a condition of insight does man find the direction of his life, reach the fullness of his being. The skill of philosophizing is available only to those who can talk with questions. Sense is born in a "live" dialogue. Asking about the known for the purpose of discovering the unknown sides of the object is the difference between philosophical thinking. Philosophical problematic is diverse and contradictory, and therefore, the existential purpose of philosophy, in the opinion of the authors, is self-interrogation. And philosophical questions do not always require an answer. Philosophical questions do not disappear anywhere; questions are more important than answers. Questions serve as symbols of constant movement and changeability. Uniformity and sameness is not inherent in philosophy. Philosophy is personal, original and impulsive, does not allow invariant judgments. Philosophy should be studied only using a philosophical method
166 kb

PRINCIPLE OF BINARISM IN DEVELOPING PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPTIONS AND SCIENTIFIC THEORIES

abstract 1311707105 issue 131 pp. 1271 – 1278 29.09.2017 ru 72
The aim of the article is to demonstrate binarism as a method of theoretical perception. First of all, the authors define the initial concept of binarism as a principle of differentiating binary oppositions which came from philology into other sciences. Then, they stipulate the application conditions of binarism as a methodological principle, namely, both members of the opposition are stipulated, however, reasoning should not contain such logical mistakes as ‘defining through negation’ and ‘range of evidence’. Subsequently, logic of description is connected with stipulation of the ‘life’ concept, first, philosophically, then, using propositions of some natural sciences, namely, biological and, further on, physical and astrophysical definitions. Every time the authors use binary principle in describing these propositions. So, every time it becomes evident that if death can be defined as absence of life, the concept of life requires another approach, based on positive statements, which is also hard to do as it leads the researchers to the limit ‘nothing’ – ‘everything’; ‘not being’ – ‘being’. The results of the article have double nature. As the aim of the investigation was to demonstrate application features of the definite methodological principle, representation of the material may be considered as the aim achievement. In addition, in the concluding part the authors draw a line, formulating theoretical propositions, which concern both natural science and philosophical argumentation
149 kb

IDEOLOGY OF THE RUSSIAN STATEHOOD AND DOMESTIC PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITION

abstract 1261702046 issue 126 pp. 649 – 662 28.02.2017 ru 355
The ideology of the Russian statehood has essential value both in connection with globalization tendencies, and in connection with problems of development of the Russian civil identity. In the article we give an assessment of shortcomings of ideological process of the USSR in connection with the nihilistic attitude towards domestic spiritual tradition. The main lines of traditional Russian philosophy essential from the point of view of history of ideological consciousness in Russia are considered
Social Sciences and Humanities
226 articles
191 kb

RHETORICAL SPEECH PORTRAIT OF PUBLIC LANGUAGE IDENTITY: EFFECTIVENESS OF LOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SIDES OF ARGUMENTATION

abstract 1321708048 issue 132 pp. 592 – 604 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article analyzes the particular characteristics of the logical and psychological sides of argumentation as a means of a persuasive effect in the speech of a public linguistic identity. The relevance of the research is defined by the importance of problems of studying the language of the given linguistic identities. The novelty is in the aspect of setting the problem of studying various types of public linguistic identities and in involving previously unresearched material. The object of study is a rhetorical speech portrait of a public language identity (prosecutor). The subject is particularities of logical and psychological lines of reasoning as ways of persuasive effect. The method used is scientific description with elements of speech portraying, observation. As a whole, the speech of the prosecutor corresponds to the rhetorical canons, having a standard logical composition: introduction, analysis and evaluation of the evidence gathered in the case, personality characteristics, conclusion. Various types of logical and rhetorical (psychological) lines of reasoning were distinguished in the course of the analysis. It is found that the text is rich in affective evaluation and metaphors. The general strategy is the prevalence of the psychological side of persuasive speech over the logical. The public language identity chosen strategy turned out to be successful, i.e. it made the speech expressive, original, assisting the formation of the judge's opinion in terms of conviction
165 kb

THE PROBLEM OF HOMONYMY OF PROPER NOUNS AND COMMON NOUNS IN INDIVIDUAL SPEECH NOMINATIONS

abstract 1321708070 issue 132 pp. 892 – 905 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article deals with the problem of onimization of proper names and common nouns in individual-speech nominations such as the "Thomas" vacuum cleaner. To study the question of homonymy of proper names and common nouns and their recognition in speech we set the problem of preserving the identity of the proper name to itself in speech formations designed to transfer this proper name to the sphere of other subject correlations, the possibility of contextual and other identifiers to switch the original proper names and common names into a new sphere of naming for a period sufficient for the appearance of a new usage. The speech affiliation of these proper name component nominations is stressed. It is concluded that the inclusion of proper names in the speech denominations, despite their mass character, are of an occasional nature and very rarely serve as a basis for the formation of homonyms - new common words. Proper name as a part of an individual speech name is not a proper name in the true sense, but only an identifier, a formant of the value of singularity, existing only as far as its name is preserved. With the disappearance or transformation of this name, the proper name identifier returns to its original state
159 kb

SEMANTIC PECULIARITIES OF DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH VERBS (IN COMPARISON WITH RUSSIAN AND TATAR VERBS)

abstract 1321708108 issue 132 pp. 1333 – 1342 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article deals with semantic development of verbs of the three languages different by structure (English, Russian and Tatar). Many of derivatives on the certain stage of linguistic development are perceived as the basic meaning, which is a normal linguistic phenomenon, when one lexical meaning stops being actual and is not used any more or is used so rarely that it is perceived as a secondary meaning. The work represents analysis of derivative potential of verbs with pressure meaning and common tendencies of semantic shifts of verbs belonging to this verbal group. In particular, among common tendencies for lexems of this group was acquiring meanings of negative affect on an object, destruction, processing, relation, emotional state and denoting some kinds of professional activity
Social Sciences and Humanities
19 articles
444 kb

INVESTIGATION OF CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF RUNOFF FLOODS AND FLOODS IN 2017 AND THE FORECAST OF FLOODS ON RIVERS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706002 issue 130 pp. 56 – 67 30.06.2017 ru 166
An analysis was made of the conditions for the formation of runoff floods and floods in river watersheds, which is an important part of the assessment of water and resource potential in floods in river basins. The article proves that in order to protect the territories from flooding in river basins, it is necessary to know the climatic and anthropogenic factors, the hydraulic regime of rivers, the relief of the terrain, the engineering-geological and hydrological conditions for the formation of floods and floods. The forecast of parameters and levels of emergency caused by the spring-summer flood of 2017 is fulfilled. The practical focus of the study is the possibility of developing recommendations for the justification of measures to fight floods
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 371
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
166 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1241610094 issue 124 pp. 1428 – 1438 30.12.2016 ru 403
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and Russia, such as charter programs to Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
Social Sciences and Humanities
361 articles
170 kb

PLUNDER OF REAL ESTATE OR BUYING REAL ESTATE: QUESTIONS OF THE THEORY AND PRACTICE

abstract 1321708006 issue 132 pp. 45 – 57 31.10.2017 ru 0
The authors consider the issue of qualification of unlawful treatment of property in favor of the perpetrator – as plunder or buying another's property. Also, in the article we highlight the enforcement practice in relation to the identified problems at the level of the Krasnodar region
153 kb

ABOUT CRIMINAL LIABILITY FOR THE CRIMES CONNECTED WITH EXTREMIST ACTIVITY

abstract 1321708010 issue 132 pp. 104 – 116 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article deals with criminal liability for crimes related to extremist activity. Different points of view regarding the classification of extremist crimes are analyzed. Particular attention was paid to the consideration of the judicial-investigative practice concerning the application of criminal responsibility for the commission of this type of crime. The authors formulated proposals for improving the current criminal legislation in the field of combating extremism
120 kb

TO THE NEED OF INCREASING THE LEVEL OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF EXPERTS IN THE CONTEXT OF DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGES

abstract 1321708025 issue 132 pp. 316 – 323 31.10.2017 ru 0
The author in this article points out that, in the current conditions of the development of scientific and technical means, differentiation of individual expert studies into independent types or subspecies of forensic examinations is observed. Mutual penetration of special knowledge and solving related issues by attracting specialists from various fields leads to the integration of scientific knowledge. In such conditions, the guarantee of professional expert research is the specialization of the forensic expert on specific types of forensic examinations and the continuous improvement of his qualification in a particular specialty in accordance with the development of scientific and methodological achievements in this field. To achieve this goal, the EFU system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia currently provides the following: 1) training in higher educational institutions of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia on the specialty "Forensic examination"; 2) an internship, which takes place under the supervision of a mentor with subsequent certification for the right to self-produce expert examinations. However, despite this, the EFU of the Ministry of Internal Affairs system has a number of problems, caused by the following reasons: a reduction in the number of staff members of the EFU associated with the overall reorganization of MIA. 2) increase and differentiation of the workload of staff members in managerial and expert positions due to an increase in the number of databases of forensic accounts and the emergence of an additional burden. 3) weak material and technical support for territorial EFU. These problems, in the opinion of the author, are common to the whole system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation and require their solution by improving the quality of work of staff members and taking organizational and financial measures
Social Sciences and Humanities
266 articles
163 kb

METHODICAL ASPECTS OF ALGORITHMIZATION AND PROGRAMMING EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS OF AGRONOMIC SPECIALIZATIONS

abstract 1321708004 issue 132 pp. 23 – 34 31.10.2017 ru 0
The purpose of this research is to show how algorythmization and programming course is significant for agronomic engineers. We are sure that analytical thinking is a quite important thing for agronomic specialists. Studying computer science should not be only for obtaining simple computer skills, but for developing analytical thinking. In this work, some methodical features of education are shown. In addiation, this study involves actual problems of teaching: from motivation to educational processes
887 kb

THE TECHNIQUE OF VISUAL ANALYSIS IN THE HISTORY OF PLANTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF PAINTINGS BY I. MASHKOV

abstract 1321708014 issue 132 pp. 176 – 190 31.10.2017 ru 0
In the article on the example of painterly works of the artist I.I. Mashkov there have been represented the analysis of the plants’ history. The emphasis on the image as the object of study, in the modern world has become popular for several reasons. On the one hand, it is a documentary confirmation of events, the state of the object, and sometimes the only proof of a bygone era. On the other hand, the works of art are multifaceted information about the study area, recorded by the artist with a thorough drawing of details, environment, transfer of colors, shapes. The experience of creating electronic databases as a library of electronic resources is considered. The analysis of I. I. Mashkov's art paintings made it possible to identify several semantic blocks such as the species and genetic diversity of vegetable crops; spread of cultures, i.e. introduction on the example of pumpkins, tobacco and sunflower; pottery culture (indoor flowers, species and genetic diversity of camellia, begonias), local strawberry varieties with the phenomenon of fascia, and the production of bread with variety and characteristic forms. Through the analysis of still-life paintings and part of the portraits, in the artist's desire to "express time," a peculiar "species record" of agrocultures and agro-production was created in the period from 1910 to 1940 years
173 kb

ASPECTS OF THE FORMATION OF AN ECOLOGICALLY-ORIENTED APPROACH TO THE RESEARCH WORKS OF MASTERS OF DESIGN

abstract 1321708041 issue 132 pp. 493 – 507 31.10.2017 ru 0
The authors mention the intensification of people’s negative influence on the environment and the decline of ecological situation. According to this problem in different spheres of life not excepting designing the usage of ecological approach becomes actual nowadays. There is the necessity of including educational programs and courses connecting to the formation of students’ ecological culture in the curriculum of the higher school of Design. In the context of this research, the authors pay attention to the aspects of using technological materials, to the aspects of preserving natural resources. There are socially economical aspects of ecological design which nowadays make people think of technological consequences and their economic feasibility and the aspects of wastes’ recycling from the viewpoint of eco design. The authors analyze the research works of Russian and foreign designers, social projects and government programs, contemporary art exhibitions of professionals as well as amateurs. Artists, designers apply one of the avant-garde art’s form (trash- art) using rubbish as an art material. The main conception of trash-art is to appeal people’s interest to the protection of the environment. In such a way, the object of the research work is people’s world as well as the world of nature with a great variety of problems. The problem aspects of ecology which are presented in this research work help to find the correct methodological ways of design teaching, help Masters of Design make their own researching and bring up ecological thinking of young people
Health Sciences
47 articles
157 kb

PSEUDOEXFOLIATION SYNDROME AS A RISK FACTOR FOR CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION

abstract 1311707088 issue 131 pp. 1067 – 1075 29.09.2017 ru 63
The retrospective study of patients with retinal vein occlusion and frequency of pseudoexfoliation syndrome is made in this study. Retinal vein occlusion is the second most common type of retinal vascular disorder, after diabetic retinal disease, and may develop with a consequent reduction in visual acuity. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is an age-related disease characterized by the production and accumulation of a fibrillar extracellular material in several ocular tissues We have analyzed data of 73 patients with retinal vein occlusion. It was detected that risk of central vein occlusion is higher in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (23,3% of patients were diagnosed as having pseudoexfoliation syndrome). In the branch retinal vein occlusion group only 9,3% of patients had pseudoexfoliation syndrome. In control group only 8,6% of patients had this syndrome. Control group was made of 80 patients similar in age without any retinal and cardiovascular abnormalities, patients with episodes of ocular hypertension, glaucoma, and those who had undergone cataract surgery were excluded from the study. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome may be considered as an independent risk factor for development of central retinal vein occlusion
1038 kb

PATHOLOGY OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AT PERSONNEL OF COMMERCIAL FLEET

abstract 1291705003 issue 129 pp. 37 – 46 31.05.2017 ru 197
It is known that there are most widespread the diseases of cardiovascular system among the examined seamen. We have carried out the analysis of distribution of concrete nosological forms of pathology of cardiovascular system and concomitant diseases (gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, ENT organs, the musculoskeletal apparatus and others). Results of preventive screening of the crew personnel performed in 2007–2010 by medical commission of Novorossiysk clinical center of Russia’s Federal Medico-Biological Agency were subject to scientific research. 3352 seamen aged from 18 to 60 years (middle age 27,2+1,3 years), among which 2627 surveyed – personnel of bluewater shipping, 725 surveyed – personnel of domestic shipping have been subjected to studying. The examined contingent is ranged taking into account professional groups. It is revealed that cardiovascular pathology is almost equally widespread in all professional groups of personnel of ships of domestic and blue-water shipping. This pathology occurs at 13,5–21% of the seamen corresponding who had medical examination. The main group of the examined seamen (79–96,7%) belongs to the category «almost healthy» and suitable for work in the sea. Among revealed pathology at seamen, the high specific weight (63– 70%) belongs to diseases of cardiovascular system. Probable intensive work and harmful factors of the ship environment in each of professional groups exert significant negative impact on psychic and somatic health of seamen. Neurocirculator dystonia (hypertensive and cardio types) dominates in structure of cardiovascular pathology registered at seamen of both professional groups. The associated diseases (71–82%) meet more often at persons with hypertension, manifesting forms of atherosclerosis and ischemic disease. In both groups, we have noted the high percent of violations of digestive tract, musculoskeletal apparatus, alimentary and constitutional obesity and eyesight. However, alimentary and constitutional obesity and diseases of musculoskeletal apparatus are most characteristic of the personnel of ships performing long maritime traffic. Obviously, this phenomenon is connected with hypodynamia
146 kb

THE ROLE OF THE TRANSCRIPTION AND ANGIOGENESIS FACTORS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF PURULENT POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH ORAL MUCOSA CANCER

abstract 1281704023 issue 128 pp. 330 – 341 28.04.2017 ru 200
While studying the content of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor in the tumor tissue, oral fluid and peripheral blood of 141 patients with oral mucosa cancer T1-3N0-2M0, it was shown that the development of purulent inflammatory postoperative complications in patients with oral mucosa cancer is associated with an increased expression of HIF-1α in the tissue and its translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, activation of the neoangiogenesis processes. It is informative to determine HIF-1α factor in the blood serum, which, for further development, can be used as a non-invasive diagnostic marker to predict the postoperative course in this category of patients
Health Sciences
83 articles
158 kb

THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BASIS FOR THE USE OF INJECTION HEPATOPROTECTORS IN THE PROPHYLACTICS OF LIVER DISEASES IN COWS

abstract 1321708027 issue 132 pp. 335 – 345 31.10.2017 ru 0
The use of intensive milk production technologies in practice, nonobservance of the principles of feeding and keeping animals leads to a decrease in the level of compensatory-regenerative processes in the body, violation of general and specific metabolic reactions, emergence of a number of pathological conditions, and, primarily, hepatopathies leading to a decrease in the productivity of dairy cattle, to the birth of unviable young animals and to the impossibility of their further exploitation. Therefore, on the background of early diagnosis of violations of the liver it is necessary to conduct adequate pharmacoprophylaxis, which prevents further development of hepatopathies with the help of hepatoprotectors. These preparations include a new injectable one – livazen, the mechanism of action of which works due to its antioxidant and membrane-stabilizing action. The preparation has a lipotropic effect, favorably affects the antitoxic and pigmentary function of liver, and increases resistance to hypoxia and various kinds of intoxication. Research conducted to study its effect in the system of prophylactic measures of hepatosis in sterile cows showed that on the background of the use of lavazen there was a significant increase in total protein by 16,6% and increase in albumins - by 13,8%. The level of γ-globulins, on the contrary, decreased by 20,9%. The study of the preparation had a normalizing effect on lipid metabolism, which was manifested by an increase in the concentration of triglycerides in 3,1 times and increase in cholesterol by 24,7%. An increase in the concentration of calcium by 14,5% was also found out. The use of livazen allowed to ensure a tendency towards a decrease in enzyme activity (according to AST - by 6,9%, by ALT - by 24,4%, according to alkaline phosphatase - by 11,6%), in contrast to control animals whose aspartate aminotransferase increased by 11,3% from the initial; ultrasonography of liver of cows confirmed the expressed effectiveness of the pharmacoprophylaxis
171 kb

THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMPOSITION OF MICROORGANISMS, WHICH WERE ISOLATED FROM NEWBORN CALVES AND PIGLETS AT ACUTE INTESTINAL DISEASES

abstract 1321708058 issue 132 pp. 728 – 741 31.10.2017 ru 0
One of the reasons extensions acute intestinal diseases in newborn calves and piglets is absence at them of formed immune system and colonization resistance. For this reason, their intestine often occupies relative pathogenic microorganisms, which in the subsequent cause diarrheal diseases. The characteristic feature of the last time is the fact that these diseases have the associated disposition and composition of association can be the most various but not only biological objects (for calves and piglets), and also territorial borders. The goal of this work was in comparative study of the structure microorganisms, which were isolated from newborn calves and piglets at acute intestinal diseases in Krasnodar territory and the establishment of the dominant species. During the bacteriologic examination of pathological material was detach and finger 1299 isolate calves and 476 from piglets which was found to belonged to 6 families: Enterobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Enterococcaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Alcaligenaceae, Alteromonadaceae. Studies have shown that dominant logic value in nosological profile of the allocated bacteria belongs to enterobacterium, enterococcus, streptococcus, the share of which in the general pool of isolates has made 70,1%, 15,9% and 11,1%, respectively. At the same time among the enterobacterium detached as from calves, and pigs, the prevailing species was E. coli (55,6%), streptococcus – S. bovis (24,9%), enterococcus – E. faecium and E. faecalis (88,3%). Meanwhile, along with the general character of frequency separation of certain types of bacteria, also their specific preference is set. That why from calves there were more often selected enterobacter, citrobacter, kluyvera, E. faecalis, S. cricetus, S. mitior, S. parauberis and P. aeruginosa. Whereas from pigs more often were allocated protei, providencia, shigella, E. mundtii, E. casseliflavus, S. acidominimus, S. oralis, S. pneumoniae, S. vestibularis и Alcaligenes fecalis than from pigs
164 kb

SECONDARY IMMUNODEFICIENCIES OF SMALL PETS AND THEIR CORRECTION USING MURAMYLDIPEPTIDE

abstract 1311707049 issue 131 pp. 559 – 571 29.09.2017 ru 74
The revolutionary discoveries of recent years in immunology has proved that protection from infections and biological aggression leading role played by innate immunity, which leads to the launch and subsequent work of specific adaptive immunity. Today, it is well-known that almost any pathology of the animal affects the immune system and creates an immune imbalance, leading to development of chronic pathological process, frequent relapses and to the development of different kind of complications. Secondary immunodeficiency states are widely distributed and differ in many etiological factors age, nutritional, medicinal, infectious and neoplastic nature, which leads to increased susceptibility of animal to various раthogenic factors, the weakening of the body. Awareness of the role of immunological disorders in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases has led to the need use in veterinary medicines that are aimed to influence on the immune system of the animal at the known molecular mechanism, to combine safety with high clinical efficacy. In this respect, a promising immunomodulators of microbial origin, due to the knowledge of the recognition mechanisms of the innate immune system such as bacteria as a whole, separate structural units, including mini-optimal biologically active fragments. This review is dedicated to one of the immunomodulator of microbial origin – which is an analog of biologically active fragment of muramyldipeptide of bacterial cell walls ‒ glucosaminylmuramildipeptide (GMDP), which is the active substance of registrated in Russia drug with the trade name Glicopin for use in veterinary practice. The drug showed high efficiency when used in cats, dogs, rodents, ferrets with infections of bacterial and viral etiology; cancer; with the aim of improving the natural resistance of the organism of young and old animals; enhance the effectiveness of vaccination in immunocompromised animals; postvaccine reduce complications; reduce stress financial position, such as during transportation and various veterinary treatments; injuries and on-line intervention (for stimulation of repair processes and tissue regeneration); prevention of immunodeficiency in newborn animals; the reduction of postpartum involutional processes in the uterus. Analysis of literature data allows us to consider an important outcome of immunologiс discoveries of recent years is the change of views on the question of the treatment of infectious diseases and the role of drugs as activators of innate immunity, among which an important role is played by a synthetic analogue of muramyldipeptide (GMDP) is a drug with a known molecular mechanism of action
Social Sciences and Humanities
15 articles
548 kb

PIANO CONCERTO “ТHE ELEGANCE OF SPRING” BY DU MINGXIN: FIGURATIVE SYSTEM, MAIN STYLE LINES

abstract 1321708013 issue 132 pp. 156 – 175 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article is devoted to history of creation of the piano Chinese concert – “Тhe elegance of spring” by Du Mingxin. On the basis of the biography of the composer reconstructed by the author of article on materials interviewed by him and to other sources, the history of emergence of the Concert is recreated. The short characteristic of contents and the theoretical analysis of the main means of expression and composition of all three parts is given. It is established that the first part is written in the form of sonata Allegro with a mirror reprise and a masterly large-scale cadence in it, the second part – an irregular three-part shape with an episode and the final – shining the rondeau sonata. In the conclusion, it is emphasized that Du Mingxin has created the work, national on contents and intonation, on the basis of the European classical canons. National it is embodied first of all through attitude, intonation, the rhythmic drawing. Among a big complex of conclusions, the paramount role of traditions of S. Rachmaninov is especially noted. In his piano concerts, expressive opportunities of east music, first of all mode and intonation, are embodied with unique art perfection. In Du Mingxin's Concert classical balance between a ratio of parties of the soloist and orchestra is reached. The invoice of party of the pianist is masterly, rich with lyrical melodies, the pair structure of orchestra is fully used. “Тhe elegance of spring” – a concert competition of equal creative sizes
238 kb

GOGOLEANA IN THE RUSSIAN MUSIC OF THE XI--XXIST CENTURIES

abstract 1321708075 issue 132 pp. 965 – 985 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article is devoted to the panoramic historical review of works by N. Gogol's plots in the Russian music. The overall historical picture of development of the Gogol direction in musical theater and in other genres is created. In the XIXth century the history of process is traced from the moment of his formation – in 1840 - 1850, from A. Verstovsky, A. Serov, M. Glinka's unrealized plans, etc. The culmination falls on the last quarter of the century when there are P. Tchaikovsky, N. Rimsky-Korsakov, N. Lysenko's operas, unfinished operas by M. Mussorgsky. The conclusion is drawn that for the XIXth century the appeal to Gogol's poetic images, his fantasy, national images and household humour is characteristic. The XX century opens a new stage in development of a musical gogoleana. On the example of works of D. Shostakovich, Yu. Butsko, N. Kuznetsov, R. Shchedrin, A. Schnittke and young composers – S. Nesterova, A. Bespalova, V. Kruglik it is shown that the main lines of the Russian gogoleana of this time are connected with the appeal to Gogol's realism, his social accusatory satire, the embodiment of a subject of "the slight person". The author of article comes to a conclusion that works on Gogol's plots are a perspective and considerable direction in the Russian music. In the conclusion on the example of the oratorio " Hear, my God, my voice" V. Dovgan it is suggested that in the XXIst century the new turn in the musical gogoleena - the embodiment of philosophical aspects and sacral aspirations of the writer is planned
2673 kb

WATERCOLORIST OLEG POMERANTSEV (1949-2012) AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE TRADITIONS OF REALISTIC ART. ARTISTIC IMAGE OF THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRILLOVSKOE IN WATERCOLORS AND GRAPHIC WORKS OF THE MASTER

abstract 1231609030 issue 123 pp. 433 – 456 30.11.2016 ru 463
The article tells about St. Petersburg distinctive watercolor painter, Oleg I. Pomerantsev (1949-2012). Master's career is inseparably linked with Russian realism. The artist acts as a successor of fundamental high artistic traditions of realistic art. Working in a landscape genre, Pomerantsev managed to create more than 500 paintings deep in a content and meaning. In his spare time Master developed his own techniques of watercolor art. The entire artist’s works were performed under his impression. He received inspiration on fishing trips, in woods and then at home master reproduced what he saw from memory. Most of his works are in private collections and galleries all around the world. Romantic landscapes of Oleg I. Pomerantsev affect by their transparency, complex color techniques and inexpressible atmosphere, full of air and light. Complex colour manners and inexpressible atmosphere full of air and light. Graphic works by the artist, executed in pencil on paper are very interesting too. Sometimes master was fond of drawing in details, so such works were not suitable for watercolors. In his watercolor works Pomerantsev did only hardly visible pencil drawing. The artist did not specialized in graphics so he ruled out his pencil sketches as unsuitable, but the wife of the artist has kept them. Watercolorist Oleg I. Pomerantsev is unknown to Russian art-critics. In view of that, the article was tasked to give for the first time an art rating to the artist’s creation, to make an art analysis of his works from the cycle "The Karelian isthmus" dedicated to the settlement of Kirillovskoe in Vyborg district. The study of creativity of Oleg Pomerantsev by professional critics will allow to expand qualitatively the history of watercolor painting of Russia
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 511
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 532
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 608
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
54 articles
162 kb

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF WOMEN RAISING CHILDREN IN SINGLE PARENT FAMILIES

abstract 1321708067 issue 132 pp. 850 – 862 31.10.2017 ru 0
The present study explores personality traits of modern women raising children in two-parent and single-parent families, and specific aspects of their interaction with the children. The comparative analysis of family values, gender-related particularities and the level of subjective control of the mothers’ personality have been given. The differences in personal characteristics of mothers in the two groups of women under study have been determined. Mothers raising children in single-parent families are characterized by such family values as social activity, attractive appearance and the upbringing of children, whereas mothers in twoparent families turned out to rank the values of children upbringing and psychotherapeutic character of communication as most important. As compared to women in two-parent families, women in singleparent families demonstrate more often masculine and less feminine qualities. The specific aspects of interaction with children have been defined in relation to mothers in the groups under study. The interrelationship between the personal qualities of mothers and the nature of their interaction with children has been analyzed. Positive and negative aspects of the impact of personal qualities of the mothers on the stylistic peculiarities of their interaction with children
141 kb

THE CONTENT OF THE MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL QUALITIES, SKILLS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION, SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

abstract 1251701059 issue 125 pp. 856 – 866 31.01.2017 ru 308
The article is devoted to the development of basic children’s skills with disordered autism spectrum. There is a range of tasks that need to be addressed in the system of psychological and educational assistance to children in this category, which allows identifying problems and areas of work with these children. The theory of deviant development and autism spectrum disorders, the concept of the game as the leading activity of children of preschool age and mental structures formed in this type of activity; the role of the concept of physical education in the development of mental processes of preschool age children is the methodological basis of the research. The article presents a model of improving sensory perception of the world around skills, skills of gross and fine motor skills, communication and social development with children with disordered autism spectrum. The conceptual framework of the proposed model is system development of sensory, motor, social and communicative skills of the child through interactive physical games. The purposes, goals, pedagogical conditions of realization of the model are determined. The model consists of three parts: a target, process, control and evaluation. The first - the target includes the purpose, tasks, and pedagogical conditions of realization of the model. The second set of model is technology. It consists of 5 blocks: sensory development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication, and social skills. The implementation of the content of the second unit takes place by means of interactive physical games, game exercise. There are the aims, the content of each unit. The third block is the control and evaluation. The content of the work of the third block includes organizational and methodological activities to assess the level of development of basic skills in children with ASD. According to the results of diagnosis, routes of individual development of each child, as required mid-term evaluation is carried out and a change of formation of skills development route have been made
138 kb

FEATURES OF SUBSTANTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOVEREIGNTY OF ADOLESCENTS LIVING IN FOSTER FAMILIES

abstract 1241610045 issue 124 pp. 708 – 719 30.12.2016 ru 415
The article investigates the psychological sovereignty of the individual at the stage of its development. The most striking of these steps is the period of adolescence. A study of psychological space of the individual is made to the example of children being brought up in his own family and children living in foster families
Social Sciences and Humanities
6 articles
316 kb

THE CHOICE OF ICE REMOVAL METHODS FROM ARTIFICIAL AERODROME PAVEMENTS ON THE BASIS OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS

abstract 1291705004 issue 129 pp. 47 – 61 31.05.2017 ru 176
The article describes the main methods of ice removal from artificial aerodrome pavements. Natural-climatic factors affecting the aerodrome pavement condition are analyzed and it is shown how flight safety depends on the pavement condition. The article also informs on the factors causing different kinds of ice formation on artificial aerodrome pavements and machine hours needed for their deicing. It touches upon the problem of the uncertainty factor consideration in the management of various systems, and considers decision-making criteria in the general theory of decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. The author offers the choice of deicing methods on the basis of mathematical methods with the use of simulating and checking program called "Optimal strategy in choosing methods of airfield preparation", which helps to use aerodrome equipment more efficiently, prolong its service life, and save efforts, means and machine resources
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 514
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 531
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
Social Sciences and Humanities
44 articles
114 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF MIGRATION PROBLEMS ON THE DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE NAKHCHIVAN AUTONOMOUS REPUBLIC

abstract 1311707020 issue 131 pp. 198 – 205 29.09.2017 ru 64
The article deals with the migration and its creating reasons, which have great role in changes of the content and number of the population, the effects of migration processes in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic on demographic development and the problems of their settlement. For this reason, the problems caused the internal and the external migration of the population from the beginning of independence years are analyzed. Starting from the second decade of independence the progress in the rising of natural and migration increase of the population at the result of establishment of new workplaces and industrial facilities are foregrounded
146 kb

RESEARCH WORK AS A FACTOR OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

abstract 1311707022 issue 131 pp. 206 – 216 29.09.2017 ru 60
The transformation of society, its subsystems and institutions led to the changing requirements of professional competencies of graduates. Among the most significant types of professional activities in national standards research activities are called. Accordingly, an important role in preparation of graduating students of institutions is now played by such form of independent work as research activity. The article is devoted to the study of the influence of scientific-research work of students on the formation of their professional competences. It discusses the concept of competence, research work of the student. Presents the results carried out by the authors of the sociological research devoted to the study of attitude of students of Kuban state technological University for the research work. The basic forms of research work done by students are pointed. The ideas of respondents about the role of scientific work in training and social mobility of graduates are considered. Key qualities and competencies that can be formed in the process of employment of research work are certain. Among them the most important the respondents believe the skills of working with information, skills of selfeducation, development of creative abilities
631 kb

SMM – PROMOTION OF A FOOTBALL CLUB AND INTERACTION WITH THE TARGET AUDIENCE THROUGH SOCIAL NETWORKS

abstract 1291705022 issue 129 pp. 255 – 264 31.05.2017 ru 154
The article is based on the goal - to show the importance of working with social networks as one of the main ways to promote the football club. Representation of a sports organization in this field plays a special role at the present stage of the development of information channels. Denial of active use of social networks in the formation of the brand of the football club, or insufficient positioning in the Internet space reduces the effectiveness of interaction with the target audience. This is especially noticeable in "communication" with the younger generation, which actively uses social networks as one of the main channels of communication and positioning. Promotion of a football club in a virtual environment is an important task, which is reflected in this article. A competent combination of work with social networks and the media allows solving many issues related to the positioning of the club's brand, strengthening its image. Active study of these issues allows us to understand the possibilities of using modern methods of SMM promotion of the football club better, which allows us to keep closer contact with the target audience, ready for dialogue and close interaction, which allows us to obtain both reputational and commercial benefits. Thus, the material presented is an opportunity to explore existing opportunities and new trends in the use of PR in the sports field, in football in particular
Social Sciences and Humanities
21 articles
154 kb

THE YOUTH SELF-GOVERNMENT IN RUSSIA: THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS, FUNCTIONS AND LEVELS

abstract 1291705038 issue 129 pp. 432 – 446 31.05.2017 ru 217
The article is devoted to the research of the main factors, functions and levels of the development of the youth self-government organizations in modern Russia. Youth self-government organizations represent one of the most successfully developing institutes of the civil society that uses the most efficient mechanisms of the participation of this category of citizens in the process of functioning of the governmental and non-governmental institutions and organizations. Youth self-government is characterized by such categories as versatility and divergence; it works at various levels and includes specific factors and functions
165 kb

PROBLEMS OF GENDER ASYMMETRY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: WAYS OF REGULATION

abstract 1271703015 issue 127 pp. 260 – 269 31.03.2017 ru 366
In the article we examine the gender approach in public administration. There were analyzed gender disparities in the public administration of the Russian Federation and their influence on managerial decisionmaking. We have found the distribution of power between the sexes and their relationship to gender stereotypes. There were suggested the ways of regulation of gender asymmetry in the public administration
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 447
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
Social Sciences and Humanities
29 articles
136 kb

MUSIC BY L. VAN BEETHOVEN AND V.A. MOZART IN JAPANESE ANIMATION

abstract 1321708031 issue 132 pp. 391 – 398 31.10.2017 ru 0
The author of the article considers the experience of citing academic music in Japanese anime. Composers of Japan, along with modern music, use fragments from the world's musical heritage. The most cited are the works of L. van Beethoven (Symphony No. 5) and V.А. Mozart (the aria of the Queen of the Night from the opera The Magic Flute, Sonata D-dur (K448) for two pianos). In the process of citing the classical heritage, music can either perform an illustrative function, or play the role of the semantic initiating anime as a synthetic art form
141 kb

THE VALUES OF THE ART OF RUSSIAN EMBROIDERY IN THE FOLK CULTURE AS A SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON

abstract 1311707075 issue 131 pp. 914 – 923 29.09.2017 ru 72
A study of the Russian costume and household items was carried out. It is proved that folk art of embroidery has deep artistic and craft traditions and historical roots and is a special socio-cultural type of folk culture. The ornaments were one of the characteristic features of Russian clothing, its technical techniques of embroidery, specific ornamental motifs and colors, which determine its originality, being, as it were, a passport of culture, its historical path, intercultural and interethnic ties. It is determined that decorative decoration with embroidery of costume complexes, related to archaism, is the value of Russian folk culture at historical stages as universal values. The nature and quantity of embroidery, even the semantic meaning of ornamental patterns, depended on the expediency, characteristic of folk clothes, on reasons of economy, age and local differences, and various customs in accordance with which clothes were used. Images of ancient Slavic mythology came into folk embroidery and lived there for centuries not by chance. They decorated clothes, towels, and ghosts, which had important ritual significance during folk festivals and traditional rituals. The people faithfully observed the laws of fathers and grandfathers, along with them, from generation to generation, images of ancient mythology also came. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
174 kb

SOCIOCULTURAL PROJECTS OF DM. MEREZHKOVSKY AND I. ILYIN

abstract 1291705013 issue 129 pp. 156 – 169 31.05.2017 ru 166
The article is devoted to utopian projects of Dm. Merezhkovsky «The Third Kingdom» and I. Ilyin «The Russian Idea». The methodological basis of the study is a phenomenological concept of «life-world». The utopia considered in the present paper as a phenomenon of sociocultural reality, including the characteristic features of the civilization on the basis of which it is formed. Projects directed to the synthesis of religion and culture through spiritual rebirth of man. The specificity of utopias is revealed – spirituality and metaphysics, which allowed to define them as sociocultural projects
Physical Sciences and Engineering
23 articles
819 kb

NEW METHODS OF ENGINEERINGGEOLOGICAL ZONING OF THE TERRITORY OF THE KRASNODAR REGION AND THE REPUBLIC OF ADYGEA

abstract 1321708019 issue 132 pp. 239 – 248 31.10.2017 ru 0
The article presents the experience of engineeringgeological zoning to establish patterns of spatial variability of the components of engineeringgeological conditions. In the ArcGIS environment was created a set of electron-digital maps, taking into account the influence of adverse geological processes and landforms for the design, construction and operation of linear engineering structures.
319 kb

RURAL (AGRARIAN) TOURISM: RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS AND MODERN DEVELOPMENT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1321708094 issue 132 pp. 1166 – 1187 31.10.2017 ru 0
Many scientists suppose that rural tourism as a kind of tourism industry in Russia has not got long history. But we can see its manifestations at different stages of tourism development, which are described in the given article. In different historical periods, rural tourism had its own forms, modifications and kinds of activity. That is why we can say that agrarian tourism took place in pre-Soviet and Soviet periods too. Besides, we still have troubles with theoretic aspects of rural tourism. Today science society invents a determination of rural (agrarian) tourism, creates classifications of this and so forth. Nowadays rural tourism is a polyfunctional phenomenon. That is why we should explore it in more details. The Krasnodar region has a lot of recourses which allows us to develop many kinds of tourism, including agrarian on its territory. Existing legal environment creates attractive investment climate and helps to develop rural tourism in the Krasnodar region successfully
1982 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN THE WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 2. METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AND AVALANCHE SITUATION

abstract 1311707045 issue 131 pp. 489 – 514 29.09.2017 ru 74
In the article, we consider climatic conditions during the cold period of the year in the mountain claster of Sochi. We have analyzed variability of time series of air temperature and precipitation sums at meteostation Krasnaya Polyana. We have established, that average daily temperature in the cold period was growing during the last thirty years. This process was accompanied by decreasing of daily temperature amplitides. Winter of the year 2016/17 is characterized by early beginning of snow accumulation because of comparatively low temperatures in December 2016. This was the reason in general for comparatively more dense snow cover and to more frequent avalanches
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