Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Sections

Physical Sciences and Engineering
391 articles
148 kb

THE RATIONALE FOR THE USE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD IN THE PRODUCTION OF SUNFLOWER OIL

abstract 1311707026 issue 131 pp. 260 – 270 29.09.2017 ru 6
In some works, the feasibility of the use of fixed and variable electromagnetic fields of different frequencies and tension in the production technology of sunflower oil are shown, but there is no theoretical justification. The possibility of electromagnetic effects is associated with the presence of polar molecules specific to organic systems. Without prejudice to the role of polar groups of terrestrial circuits, this work tries to address this challenge more comprehensively. The reason for this is the distinctive feature of the behavior of sunflower during its flowering. This characteristic is that the sunflower hat during the day changes its direction in accordance with the direction of movement of the Sun across the sky; so called "magnetism" of their attraction. To justify this effect, we have analyzed the essence of emitted photons, the Sun chemical composition and structure arrangement of seeds in a sunflower hat. Particles of light from the Sun represent a stream of photons - a wide range of electromagnetic waves of frequencies that exhibit and magnetic properties. The article shows principal macro- and micronutrients of sunflower raw materials and divides them into groups of para- , dia- , and ferromagnetic materials. In sunflower seeds, there are chemical elements: diamagnetism-C, H, N, P, S, B, Cu, Zn, J; paramagnetism-O, K, Ca, Mg, Mo, As and ferromagnetic-iron (Fe). As there is resultant force of the magnetic attraction between the sunflower hat and magnetic flow of photons from the Sun, this effect dominates the action of paramagnetics K2O ( -28.4 24.5%), CaO (7.6-17.0)%, MgO (12.3-17.9%), magnetized in an external magnetic field in the direction of the field. The presence of evident effect demonstrates that it is possible to improve a number of technological operations in the manufacture of sunflower oil using electrical, magnetic or electromagnetic fields
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SIMULATION OF A STEPPED LIGHTNING LEADER

abstract 1311707063 issue 131 pp. 737 – 761 29.09.2017 ru 6
In this work, a model is developed that describes the formation of a stepped lightning leader in a conducting medium. To describe the contribution of the conductivity currents, we modified the standard electrostatic equation taking into account the vortex component of the electric field. As a result of this generalization, a system of parabolic-type nonlinear equations is formulated that describes the formation of streamers and the lightning channel. Numerical simulation of the propagation of ionization waves in a region with a ratio of 1/100, 1/200 allows us to identify two types of stepped streamers in the form of waves of compression and rarefaction, respectively. It was previously established that there are three streamer branching mechanisms. The first mechanism is related to the instability of the front, which leads to the separation of the head of the streamer into two parts. The second mechanism is associated with the instability of the streamer in the base region, which leads to the branching of the streamer with the formation of a large number of lateral streamers closing the main channel of the streamer to the cathode. In numerical experiments, the third branching mechanism observed in experiments connected with closing the space charge to the anode through the streamer system was observed. These branching mechanisms are also revealed when the leader is propagated. The obtained results, as well as the data of numerical experiments confirm the hypothesis of the universality of the minimal model of the streamer, as well as its expansion in the form proposed by the author. Known phenomena of nature associated with the electrical discharge - streamer, plasmoid, ball lightning and stepped leader can be described within the framework of the minimal model
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ASYMPTOTICS OF ESTIMATES OF PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION DENSITY

abstract 1311707070 issue 131 pp. 832 – 860 29.09.2017 ru 4
Nonparametric estimates of the probability distribution density in spaces of arbitrary nature are one of the main tools of non-numerical statistics. Their particular cases are considered - kernel density estimates in spaces of arbitrary nature, histogram estimations and Fix-Hodges-type estimates. The purpose of this article is the completion of a series of papers devoted to the mathematical study of the asymptotic properties of various types of nonparametric estimates of the probability distribution density in spaces of general nature. Thus, a mathematical foundation is applied to the application of such estimates in non-numerical statistics. We begin by considering the mean square error of the kernel density estimate and, in order to maximize the order of its decrease, the choice of the kernel function and the sequence of the blur indicators. The basic concepts are the circular distribution function and the circular density. The order of convergence in the general case is the same as in estimating the density of a numerical random variable, but the main conditions are imposed not on the density of a random variable, but on the circular density. Next, we consider other types of nonparametric density estimates - histogram estimates and Fix-Hodges-type estimates. Then we study nonparametric regression estimates and their application to solve discriminant analysis problems in a general nature space
Physical Sciences and Engineering
51 articles
134 kb

SURFACE ENERGY OF POLYMERS (ELASTOMER COMPOSITIONS): A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE VALUES OF SURFACE ENERGY PARAMETERS OF DEFECTS IN POLYMERS

abstract 1311707029 issue 131 pp. 301 – 310 29.09.2017 ru 4
Surface energy of polymers determines such important properties of polymers like wetability, adhesion, ability adsorption of low molecular weight substances. Inner organization, the structure of the polymer and the dynamics of interaction between macromolecular chains are shown at last. At the same time, the micro-defects (inhomogeneity) of polymers, which is an integral part of the structure are changed during deformation and must contribute to changing of the surface energy and its components. This article solves the task of detecting changes in the parameters of surface energy of polymers under uniaxial deformation. Data for the quantitative indicators of the surface properties total surface energy and its dispersive and polar components are presented. The calculations showed that the disperse and polar components of all the samples of polymer materials are about 98% of the total and, therefore, is crucial. For the first time experimental data, illustrating the change of surface energy of polymeric materials had been obtained, including elastomeric compositions, when uniaxial deformation. The relative changes of the surface energy vary from 54.5 per cent to 125 %. A decrease of total surface energy and its dispersion component is observed during deformation of polymer samples of different structure and chemical nature
295 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF A NEW MODEL OF CALCULATIONS OF VALUES OF ATOMIC RADIUMS

abstract 1311707047 issue 131 pp. 528 – 546 29.09.2017 ru 5
The article presents the results of studies of changes in the atomic radii of the elements of the periodic table, depending on their atomic masses. It is shown that the appearance of p- and d-orbitals introduces a significant contribution to the value of the atomic radius, and the appearance of f-orbitals makes a significantly smaller contribution to the given value. A radial-mass model of calculations of atomic radii for the elements of the Periodic Table was developed. Optimal conditions for making calculations were chosen. For the first time the values of atomic radii for elements with the order number 103-120 are calculated. It is shown that the values of atomic radii for elements with the order number 103-120 are in the range from 140 to 335 picometers and regularly change in the period
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APPLICATION OF THE MASS-RADIAL MODEL OF CALCULATION OF ATOMIC RADIUMS FOR ISOTOPES OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS

abstract 1311707072 issue 131 pp. 872 – 887 29.09.2017 ru 6
The article presents the results of studies of changes in the atomic radii of isotopes of the elements of the periodic table. With using the mass-radial model of calculations, the values of atomic radii for isotopes of chemical elements were obtained. It is shown that the atomic radius of different isotopes of one element is different and depends on the mass and radius of the nucleus. To study the changes in ∆Rav values in the groups and periods of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements, the ∆Rav dependences on the period number and group number are constructed. It is found that the values depending on the number ∆Rav period / group for the d-elements lie in the low ∆Rav values for selements - in high ∆Rav values, and p-elements - in average values ∆Rav. It is shown that when the atomic nucleus is increased by 1 neutron, the atomic radius increases from 0.01 to 4.76 pm, which is due to the physical effect inside the atom
Life Sciences
511 articles
1914 kb

CATALOGING IMAGES OF DANDELION (TARAXACUM OFFICINALE WIGG.) WITH FASCIATION

abstract 1311707014 issue 131 pp. 142 – 153 29.09.2017 ru 5
The phenomenon of fasciation on the example of a higher plant called “Taraxacum officinale Wigg” has been considered. The effect of fasciation on the various particularities of plants has been shown. There are numerous examples of the different fasciation types of present plant’s type which are growing in different ecological areas. We have demonstrated that the phenomenon of fasciation exists in natural populations and in areas with development pressures, and it may occur after mechanical damage to plants of Taraxacum officinale. In most cases, fasciation is regarded as an exceptional phenomenon. A number of authors have distinguished fasciation to non-inheritable and inheritable. The first is the influence of external factors such as insect damage, injury, weather conditions. The second is caused by internal reasons. The number of regularities was installed that the reproductive bodies of plants are more often fascinated, and thermophilic forms are more likely to have fasciation. Photographic images of various types of fasciation, patterns and diagrams are given. Fasciation can be considered as a marker because of the connection of this phenomenon with the violation of the ecological situation. Plants with morphoses including ones with fasciation of individual organs, can act as indicators of pollution of the natural environment. Thus, the phenomenon of fasciation affects many areas of science, such as ecology, morphogenesis, genetic monitoring. The possibility of studying the phenomenon of fasciation on a model object of dandelion is shown. As a methodical approach to the study of this phenomenon, it is proposed to create a database of images, in this way it would be cataloging the image
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SEGREGATION OF THE PLANT HEIGHT AT INTERSUBSPECIES HYBRIDS OF THE SECOND GENERATION RICE

abstract 1311707018 issue 131 pp. 191 – 197 29.09.2017 ru 5
The article presents the results of the genetic analysis of the trait ‘plant height’ for six crosses involving the forms related to different subspecies of rice. There have been estimated the types of inheritance and a number of genes, which assist to determine this quantitative trait. We have found out that the variance of the trait ‘plant height’ is determined by 3-5 pairs of genes having additive and dominant activities and the degree of dominance reduces in case the variance among parental forms increases. The non-allelic interaction of the genes of the initial forms produces transgressive dwarf and tall forms. The cross ‘Lampo’x’Virazh’ showed the highest degree of transgression in ‘plant height’ due to short height of both parental forms (61.7%), but the frequency of transgression was larger than that of the cross ‘Lampo’x’Komandor’(17.6%). This combination (‘Lampo’x’Komandor’) produced more tall forms (up to 135 cm). The segregation of a great number of tall forms into F2 testifies that the parental forms of these hybrids vary in the allelic state of several pairs of genes, whose various combinations form phenotypes with a longer stem. Thus, the semi-dwarf feature of the varieties ‘Lampo’, ‘Komandor’ and ‘Virazh’ is determined by various non-allelic genes
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THE REDUCING SUGARS CONTENT AND Β- GLYCOSIDES ACTIVITY IN NONNUCLEAR CHLOROPHYLL MUTANTS OF SUNFLOWER

abstract 1311707040 issue 131 pp. 462 – 471 29.09.2017 ru 5
In the Southern Federal University on the genetic basis of sunflower inbred line 3629, a collection of plastid mutants with varying degrees of chlorophyll deficiency was created by inducing Nnitrosomethylurea. Chlorophyll content was associated with their photosynthetic activity. It was found that the lower the chlorophylls content in mutant plastids, the lower the sugar concentration in plant tissues. For example, during the entire period of plant growth for whites (1.0-3.0 % chlorophylls a+b from control) var- 10, var-17 and yellows (6.0-9.5 % chlorophylls a+b from control) var-29, var-33 leaf areas of variegated mutants depending on the development phase and the content of green pigments are characterized by a low (2-7 fold) sugar content. Yellow-green (75.5% chlorophylls a + b from control) leaves of en:chlorina- 7 contain a higher level of carbohydrates, although it is 1.5-2 fold lower than at line 3629. Monosaccharides are products of hydrolytic reactions catalyzed by β- glycosidases. It was shown, that the activity level of β- galactosidase and β-glucosidase exceeded the corresponding indicators of the control at 1.5-2 and 2-7 fold, respectively. Similarly to enzymes from the water-soluble fraction, membrane-bound β- glycosidases also showed increased activity in the leaves of the investigated mutants, compared to the control green plants of 3629. Consequently, the activity of β-glycosidases increases dramatically in leaf tissues with deficiency of photosynthetic. Thus, chlorophyll mutations can lead to a change in the expression of nuclear genes, resulting in a significant increase in the activity of β-glycosidases in the mutant organelles themselves
Physical Sciences and Engineering
19 articles
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 555
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
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STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 1489
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
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STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE NaCI

abstract 1081504070 issue 108 pp. 962 – 973 30.04.2015 ru 1715
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore NaCI
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1677 articles
296 kb

AUTOMATION OF FUNCTIONAL-COST ANALYSIS AND THE METHOD OF "DIRECTCOSTING" ON THE BASIS OF ASC-ANALYSIS AND "EIDOS" SYSTEM (AUTOMATED CONTROL OF PHYSICAL AND FINANCIAL COST EFFECTIVENESS WITHOUT SUBSTANTIAL TECHNOLOGICAL AND FINANCIAL-ECONOMIC CALCULATIONS BASED ON INFORMATION AND COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES AND THE CONTROL THEORY)

abstract 1311707001 issue 131 pp. 1 – 18 29.09.2017 ru 4
Techniques of value analysis and "Direct-costing" are well-known and popular. The ideas and principles of value analysis and the method of "Direct costing" are very similar, if not identical. On the one hand, these ideas are very reasonable, well grounded theoretically and proved its effectiveness in practice. On the other hand, the wide use of these methods is hampered by the difficulty of obtaining large amounts of detailed technological and financial-economic information, as well as the need for careful research by competent professionals, well-versed in substantive subject area. This is the contradiction between the desire to apply the methods of the value analysis and "Direct costing" and difficulty to perform it in practice. This contradiction constitutes a real problem and may often be discouraging and frustrating. In this work, we propose a simple and effective solution to this problem, theoretically well-informed with all the necessary methodological and software tools and widely and successfully tested in practice. The proposed solution is based on two simple ideas: 1) instead of collecting and holding a meaningful large amount of technological and financial-economic information we might apply approaches, pleasant management theory; 2) to create systems for automated control of natural and financial-economic efficiency of expenses we might use the automated system-cognitive analysis and its software tool – an intellectual system called "Eidos". In the name of the specialty 08.00.05 – Economics and national economy management, there are such words: "management of enterprises, branches, complexes, innovation." The use of the term "Management" implies that there is a model that reflects the influence of factors on the object of control, and there is the management system making decisions based on this model. However, as a rule, the dissertations in this field have nothing of this, except only financial and economic calculations. The article proposes an approach based on the control theory, removing this disadvantage
320 kb

IMPROVING THE CLEANING PROCESS OF SEEDS MATERIAL ON AIR-SIEVE GRAIN CLEANING MACHINES

abstract 1311707004 issue 131 pp. 29 – 44 29.09.2017 ru 5
The article presents the theoretical and experimental research of the guide wire, made of polytetrafluorethylene, for sieve system of air grain cleaning machines. We have calculated trajectory of movements of the components of piles of sunflower seeds in the vertical pneumatic channel when they are vanishing from the surface of the guide wire at its various parameters. Specifying the location of a guide wire polytetrafluorethylene in air-sieve grain cleaning machine was carried out in an experimental setup. The guide wire of polytetrafluorethylene was installed in three locations: 1) at a distance of 20 mm to the pneumatic channel; 2) on the levels with the pneumatic channel; 3) at a distance of 20 mm inside pneumatic channel. The approach of the guide wire into the inside of the pneumatic channel in the experimental setup the quality of sunflower seeds increased with 97.61 to of 99.08 %. The content of organic impurities, milled and broken seeds in the pile decreased respectively from 1.83 to 0.21 %, to 1.29 0.66 % 0.51% to 0.25% in the manufacture of wire made of polytetrafluorethylene. To increase the purity of the seeds of the main culture we use a photoelectron separator, and the received seeds for animal feed were in the form of sunflower cake produced on screw presses. As a result of carried out experimental and theoretical researches it is established, that the guide wire shall be made of polytetrafluorethylene and are placed inside the pneumatic channel at a distance of 20 mm and an angle of 40°, which allows to improve the quality of the seeds material and increase the speed of their input to pneumatic channel air-sieve grain cleaning machines type MVU-1500
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THE RESEARCH OF PARAMETERS OF WOODEN CHIP COLORING

abstract 1311707006 issue 131 pp. 45 – 55 29.09.2017 ru 4
This work presents main kinds of colourants and methods of painting wood particles. Based on wood structure analysis, it was revealed that hard wood, possessing tracheides and vessels as conducting elements, have the optimal capacity for coloration, in comparison with coniferous trees. A methodology was developed of cloning wooden particles, in the form of chips, with forced immersion in order to obtain established parameters of saturation and brightness. The experiments were conducted with chips of 15-50 mm long, 5-20 mm wide and 3-7 mm thick. The composition of colouring agent included water, acetic acid, and water-emulsion colourants of different types and colours (№1 – colour code (red, yellow, and brown) №2 – colorant (lilac and orange) and №3 – paint). Experience has shown the needed concentration of liquors and mass percentage of compounding ingredients. The research was undertaken to study concentration dependence on the time of allowance and saturation. In consequence of colouring experimental batches of chips, a painting saturation of 4-9 points was obtained at the allowance of 120 and 140 seconds. Dependence of brightness from solubility was determined, with high correlation between given parameters on Pearson Criteria (more than 0.9). Comparative analysis made it possible to discover that the better colouring of particles is created with the red paint. In this case maximum colouring effect is achieved with liquor of water-emulsion paint. Subsequent to the experimental results, a design of installation for colouring wooden particles was developed and patented
Life Sciences
1021 articles
140 kb

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF DELICACIES FROM MEAT OF IMPORTED PIGS

abstract 1311707003 issue 131 pp. 19 – 28 29.09.2017 ru 3
In recent years, many pigs of specialized breeds, characterized by increased meat qualities, have been brought to Russia from Canada and a number of European countries. The article presents the results of the assessment of slaughter and meat qualities of pigs of different genotypes. Danish pig meat was used as research objects: purebred landrace (CHL), benthic hybrid Landrasx yorkshire (LxY), three-breed hybrid landrace hyorkshire x dyurok (LxXxD), removed from control fattening, and developed prototypes of delicacy products. The commission evaluation of meat and broth showed that the boiled meat from the three breed animals received the highest score, and the quality of the broth significantly exceeded the samples of purebred landrace and two-breed animals. As a result of the tasting evaluation of the Voronezh ham, it was established that the samples of meat from threebreeded pigs, in comparison with the samples from purebred meat, show the most pronounced flavor, aroma and soft consistency
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ROLE OF ALIMENTARY FIBERS IN TREATMENT AND PREVENTION OF THE OBESITY

abstract 1311707025 issue 131 pp. 248 – 259 29.09.2017 ru 4
Excess body weight is a serious problem, involving a set of diseases presently. For this reason, taking into account demands of science there was a development of production of food with the lowered energy value for the people having first of all obesity that led to production of substitutes. Even more often producers resort to use of nutritional supplements, which generally receive in synthetic way. In this article, we analyzed multiple references and summarized the material regarding beet fibers. As a result of numerous researches it has been proved that food fibers make favorable impact both on the separate systems of a human body, and on all organism. The use of the minor products of processing of the plant raw material is also critical; they allow improving the preventive properties of products and enriching them with dietary fibers, protein, and mineral elements and also development of food development of curative and preventive action. Citri-Fi food fibers which are received from dried-up orange pulp are well-known, they can keep a large amount of water throughout technological process. They exert positive impact on structure of fat that gives the chance to create a product with the lowered content of fat
138 kb

SOME ASPECTS OF INTRODUCING IN VITRO OF NEW CLONAL ROOTSTOCKS FOR STONE FRUIT CROPS

abstract 1311707042 issue 131 pp. 472 – 478 29.09.2017 ru 7
The article presents the results of the study of the effect of the size of the explant clonal rootstocks for stone fruit crops of the Krymskaya OSS VIR VSL-1, VSL-2, LC-52, RVL-1, RVL-7, VVA-1, AP-1 injected in vitro and concentration vitamins and phytohormones in a nutrient medium on the efficiency of introducing in vitro of these rootstocks. The optimal size of the injected in vitro explant was determined and nutrient medium in the first stage of micropropagation was optimized. The optimal size of the dissected meristem, which provides the maximum percentage of explant initiation is 0.4 mm. The modified version of the nutrient medium based on the Murashige and Skug prescriptions with a reduced content of vitamins B1 0.1 mg / l, B6 0.4 mg / l, PP- 0.4 mg / l, and phytohormone 6-BAP - 0.3 mg / l. at the first stage of cultivation of explants of clonal rootstocks for stone fruit crops is optimal. The survival rate of explants in all tested samples of clonal rootstocks on this modified nutrient medium was in the range of 92.5-97.5%
Social Sciences and Humanities
109 articles
174 kb

THE POLICY OF TSARIST RUSSIA IN CHECHNYA AT THE TURN OF THE 1840- 1850-IES

abstract 1311707027 issue 131 pp. 271 – 287 29.09.2017 ru 4
In the article, based on factual material, we reveal the policy of tsarist Russia in Chechnya at the turn of the 1840-1850-ies. The article points out that in 1836, Chechnya was not included in the national liberation movement of highlanders of the North-Eastern Caucasus. In early 1840, Shamil was elected the Imam of Chechnya and the Imam of Dagestan and Chechnya. The same year there was a General revolt in Chechnya. Since that time, the center of the national liberation movement in the North-East Caucasus was moving to Chechnya. The article noted that for the conquest of the Chechen population by the king's command despite military means there were made engineering, economic and ideological measures. In the end, these measures and the teachings of Kunta-Haji, which began to spread in the same period of time, influenced the political situation in Chechnya and the minds of the Chechens. And all this, taken together, led to the fact that since the early 50-ies of the 19th century some groups of the society of Chechnya began to show a tendency towards reconciliation with Russia. In the studied time there was a change of tactics of the king's army in Chechnya. The Royal army was moving from trench warfare to the method of the marginalization of Chechens further and further into the mountains, through the construction of forest rides, and consolidated in the captured territory a system of military forts and Cossack villages. In 1850 the Royal army began to implement a plan of invasion of Chechnya which was Dagestan barns. This undermined the economic base of the Imamate heavily. Since the beginning of the 1850-ies and up until 1859, the center of gravity of the Caucasian war was transferred to Chechnya. There would be major events that would create the fate of the Imamate. Thus, the article characterizes the economic and propaganda policy of tsarism and its importance in the conquest of Chechnya; we have also highlighted the military actions against the mountaineers, explored the tactics and the strategy of the king's army in Chechnya
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THE FORMATION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL RELATIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION AND THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS AT THE END OF XX – BEGINNING OF XXI CENTURY

abstract 1311707052 issue 131 pp. 604 – 615 29.09.2017 ru 3
The article considers the history of formation and development of political relations of Krasnodar territory with the Republic of Cyprus at the end XX – early XXI centuries. Two stages in the development of political relations between the Krasnodar region and the Republic of Cyprus were singled out: the beginning of the 1990s, the beginning of the 2000s. Based on materials of the State archive of the Krasnodar region analyzed the work on the preparation and implementation of the agreement of 1992 between the government of the Russian Federation and the government of the Republic of Cyprus, shows the activities of the administration of Krasnodar region and administration of Krasnodar city to establish political relations of the parties. The attention is focused on the creation of the first Russian Bank with 100% foreign capital – the Investment Bank of Kuban. Conclusions are made about the current state of relations between the Krasnodar region and the Republic of Cyprus
149 kb

CULTURAL DISTURBANCES OF RUSSIA IN THE POST-REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD

abstract 1311707071 issue 131 pp. 861 – 871 29.09.2017 ru 4
The article examines the artistic life of the country in the post-revolutionary period, which was characterized by the active creative work, diversity and to some extent inconsistency in culture. It is emphasized that the coup that took place in 1917, provided the impetus as the development of certain areas in the arts and cultural sector in general. It is concluded that the main feature of art as a component of the revolutionary culture of the country was to maintain the ideas of the Bolsheviks and the promotion of the new government, as well as the submission of the new government of each of the areas of cultural activity in Russia. Attention is focused on the fact that the development of art and culture in such difficult and tense post-revolutionary years in the country not only did not stop, but even continued to rise. The Bolsheviks understood the specific role of art, which manifests itself in the fact that it acts as a means of social and psychological impact. After all, art gives a person an opportunity to relive their lives of those who made history and now works. Therefore, it becomes clearer and more accessible sense of political, class and economic relations a lot is through the art. The culture of the country after the fateful October originally reflected the changes in the country and the time itself is filled with a variety of events. Every type of art in its own way conveys the spirit of the era, the atmosphere reigning in the post-revolutionary society. The article says that the Soviet culture was increasingly being filled with proletarian, internationalist, and socialist content. That is why characteristic of that time was the desire to penetrate art in people's daily lives
Social Sciences and Humanities
1670 articles
154 kb

MARKETING AND ADVERTISING METHODS OF INFLUENCE ON BUYERS

abstract 1311707008 issue 131 pp. 69 – 78 29.09.2017 ru 4
The article discusses the various methods of influence used in advertising. We have discussed in detail the mechanisms for the awakening of a desire for purchase. We have analyzed marketing techniques used in the design of supermarkets
416 kb

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE RUSSIAN OILBANK PREMIER AS ONE OF WAYS TO INCREASE ENERGY SECURITY IN RUSSIA

abstract 1311707009 issue 131 pp. 79 – 99 29.09.2017 ru 7
The article deals with the energy security of Russia in conditions of sanctions and the globalization of the modern economy in the world community. It is substantiated that energy security is the main factor of political and socio-economic stability of each state. Russia is not an exception. For many years it has been the world's largest net exporter of oil and gas, mainly due to the weakness of the economic system, the main problems of the oil refining industry are considered, given The definition of energy security, the energy security of Russia is analyzed in the conditions of the crisis. An estimation of the export of domestic goods is given, the reserves of the regions are considered according to the level of extraction of oil resources, the rating of the largest oil companies is determined by the level of average daily oil production. It is concluded that for a successful export, the redistribution of significant oil reserves between regions within the country will require a relatively long period, not one or two years. It was revealed that the level of domestic production is not fully capable of providing consumers with the necessary products For which Russia implements the policy of modernization and reconstruction of the fuel and energy complex. Russia has been one of the leading oil exporters for many years, the main indicators of the oil sector have been examined, the definition of economic security and energy security has been defined. The energy security of Russia is analyzed in the conditions of the crisis, as well as the globalization of the world economy. A brief description of the energy security policy of the Russian Federation is given. An assessment is given of both the world oil sector and the Russian oil sector, based on this assessment, a conclusion has been drawn about the deteriorating conjecture of the oil industry. A correlation-regression analysis of the effect of oil prices on the quotes of the Russian ruble was conducted, and on the basis of the findings it was concluded that the Russian economy is in a sufficiently strong dependence on oil prices. The possible variant of reducing such dependence through the increase in the role of SPIMEX in the international arena and the creation of an oil benchmark in the Russian Federation is considered and described
172 kb

MORTGAGE CREDITING IN RUSSIA

abstract 1311707011 issue 131 pp. 114 – 128 29.09.2017 ru 6
The article examines the main trends and prospects of the Russian mortgage lending system development. It examines the current state of the mortgage market in the current socio-economic conditions in the Russian Federation. It presents an overview of the key market indicators of the past few years. At the moment, interest rates have decreased, compared to the previous year, therefore the banks’ lowest interest rates have been analysed. The article contains a review of the mortgage programs with the most favourable terms. The 2015 and 2016 results of the housing markets, housing construction and mortgage lending in the Russian Federation have been analysed. Having considered the dynamics of the debt on the mortgage loans that had been granted to resident individuals, it was brought out that the debt on mortgage loans in the period of the years 2013-2017 has been growing with each year. The article examines the conditions of getting a mortgage in 2017. Currently, the development of the mortgage loan system is constrained by several factors, in relation to which the article offers recommendations on the possible ways to improve it
Social Sciences and Humanities
99 articles
138 kb

HERMENEUTICITY OF PHILOSOPHY

abstract 1311707074 issue 131 pp. 904 – 913 29.09.2017 ru 4
The article reveals the thought of hermeneuticity of philosophy by its nature and methods of exposition. Philosophy is not technical, but personal. The study of personal philosophy is impossible without studying the life journey of the philosopher, considering the constitution of his soul and mind. Philosophy always contains a hidden sense that needs to be deployed. It proves the necessity of transition in teaching philosophy to the position of hermeneutics. Insight of philosophy should be sought in education. Only in a condition of insight does man find the direction of his life, reach the fullness of his being. The skill of philosophizing is available only to those who can talk with questions. Sense is born in a "live" dialogue. Asking about the known for the purpose of discovering the unknown sides of the object is the difference between philosophical thinking. Philosophical problematic is diverse and contradictory, and therefore, the existential purpose of philosophy, in the opinion of the authors, is self-interrogation. And philosophical questions do not always require an answer. Philosophical questions do not disappear anywhere; questions are more important than answers. Questions serve as symbols of constant movement and changeability. Uniformity and sameness is not inherent in philosophy. Philosophy is personal, original and impulsive, does not allow invariant judgments. Philosophy should be studied only using a philosophical method
166 kb

PRINCIPLE OF BINARISM IN DEVELOPING PHILOSOPHICAL CONCEPTIONS AND SCIENTIFIC THEORIES

abstract 1311707105 issue 131 pp. 1271 – 1278 29.09.2017 ru 4
The aim of the article is to demonstrate binarism as a method of theoretical perception. First of all, the authors define the initial concept of binarism as a principle of differentiating binary oppositions which came from philology into other sciences. Then, they stipulate the application conditions of binarism as a methodological principle, namely, both members of the opposition are stipulated, however, reasoning should not contain such logical mistakes as ‘defining through negation’ and ‘range of evidence’. Subsequently, logic of description is connected with stipulation of the ‘life’ concept, first, philosophically, then, using propositions of some natural sciences, namely, biological and, further on, physical and astrophysical definitions. Every time the authors use binary principle in describing these propositions. So, every time it becomes evident that if death can be defined as absence of life, the concept of life requires another approach, based on positive statements, which is also hard to do as it leads the researchers to the limit ‘nothing’ – ‘everything’; ‘not being’ – ‘being’. The results of the article have double nature. As the aim of the investigation was to demonstrate application features of the definite methodological principle, representation of the material may be considered as the aim achievement. In addition, in the concluding part the authors draw a line, formulating theoretical propositions, which concern both natural science and philosophical argumentation
149 kb

IDEOLOGY OF THE RUSSIAN STATEHOOD AND DOMESTIC PHILOSOPHICAL TRADITION

abstract 1261702046 issue 126 pp. 649 – 662 28.02.2017 ru 310
The ideology of the Russian statehood has essential value both in connection with globalization tendencies, and in connection with problems of development of the Russian civil identity. In the article we give an assessment of shortcomings of ideological process of the USSR in connection with the nihilistic attitude towards domestic spiritual tradition. The main lines of traditional Russian philosophy essential from the point of view of history of ideological consciousness in Russia are considered
Social Sciences and Humanities
222 articles
126 kb

SOME RECOMMENDATIONS ON PERFECTION OF THE ACADEMIC PROCESS AT FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSES IN A NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY

abstract 1311707106 issue 131 pp. 1279 – 1288 29.09.2017 ru 5
Nowadays, as a result of modernization of the Russian higher education, it is important to improve its quality on part of the competence approach. This article covers the aspects of perfection of the academic process in the sphere of a foreign language in a nonlinguistic university. The basic components are communicative approach use, specialty component development, the use of the interactive education, motivation development and the regional component usage at lessons. Methodically correct use of these aspects as a whole will facilitate the foreign communicative competence development of technical students in non-linguistic universities
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COMMUNICATIVE STRATEGIES IN THE PEDAGOGIC DISCOURSE: THE OVERVIEW OF WORKS

abstract 1311707121 issue 131 pp. 1462 – 1469 29.09.2017 ru 7
Anthropocentric orientation of modern linguistics determines the central place of the person and speech acts in scientific research. The speech is the main tool for the teacher to promote effective communication and its harmonization. Therefore, it is important in the process of pedagogical communication to select the communication strategy that will enable faster and more productive to achieve aims. The article considers several definitions of communication strategies (O. S. Issers, I. N. Borisova, Y. V. Sorokina, Y.Y. Pospelova, O. V. Philippova), which are based on the basis of aim setting. The communication strategy will be defined as a complex of speech acts aimed at realizing a specific communicative purpose. Despite the fact that pedagogical communication is characterized by a certain (though rather extensive) range of objectives, there is not a single point of view about the list of strategies of academic discourse in the scientific literature at the moment. Among the most respected, quoted it is possible to allocate the theory of V. I. Karasik (explain, evaluate, promote, organize, and control strategies), N. A. Antonova (imperative, informative, communicative and regulating strategies), M. A. Prisyazhnova (informative, regulatory and contact-establishing strategy), M. Y. Aleshkov (information-justifying, manipulative-consolidating, expressive-appellative and monitoring and evaluation strategy). The article considers the aims, functions of pedagogical communication, which contribute the using of these strategies and peculiarities of their implementation
133 kb

PROJECT METHODIC AS AN ELEMENT OF THE OPTIMIZATION COMPONENT AT FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSES IN A NONLINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY

abstract 1311707133 issue 131 pp. 1611 – 1621 29.09.2017 ru 5
Nowadays a foreign language study becomes more required; consequently, it is important to use various technologies for an effective result after finishing the studies. The project technique is a modern one and it has a number of principles, such as the activity principle, visual principle, communicative principle, availability and realization principles, the principle of regional specification and minimization. Their correct use facilitates the development of a foreign communicative competence of non-linguistic students
Social Sciences and Humanities
19 articles
444 kb

INVESTIGATION OF CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF RUNOFF FLOODS AND FLOODS IN 2017 AND THE FORECAST OF FLOODS ON RIVERS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706002 issue 130 pp. 56 – 67 30.06.2017 ru 105
An analysis was made of the conditions for the formation of runoff floods and floods in river watersheds, which is an important part of the assessment of water and resource potential in floods in river basins. The article proves that in order to protect the territories from flooding in river basins, it is necessary to know the climatic and anthropogenic factors, the hydraulic regime of rivers, the relief of the terrain, the engineering-geological and hydrological conditions for the formation of floods and floods. The forecast of parameters and levels of emergency caused by the spring-summer flood of 2017 is fulfilled. The practical focus of the study is the possibility of developing recommendations for the justification of measures to fight floods
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 327
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
166 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1241610094 issue 124 pp. 1428 – 1438 30.12.2016 ru 347
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and Russia, such as charter programs to Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
Social Sciences and Humanities
352 articles
161 kb

A FARM UNINCORPORATED AS A SUBJECT OF TRADING RELATIONS

abstract 1311707028 issue 131 pp. 288 – 300 29.09.2017 ru 4
The article touches upon the question of the legal personality of farm unincorporated as a whole and in trading relations. The author gives scientific concepts concerning the recognition / non-recognition of farm unincorporated as a subject of law. Most scientists believe that the farm unincorporated does not subjects of law. Proponents of this view consider the farm unincorporated as a multiplicity of persons, or as a kind of special partnerships. The author thinks that these points of view are questionable. The author joins the persons who think that the farm unincorporated is a special subject of law. The author understands the trading relations as a cross-industry category. Therefore, the author concludes that the farm unincorporated is the subject of the trade relationship. This is because the farm unincorporated is not a subject of civil law, but it is a subject of other branches of law (for example, land law and labor law). Therefore, a farm unincorporated can be the subject of trading relations
132 kb

SOME ELEMENTS OF CRIMINALISTIC FEATURES OF FRAUD IN INSURANCE

abstract 1311707054 issue 131 pp. 632 – 643 29.09.2017 ru 7
The article describes the criminalistic features of fraud in insurance. Particular attention is paid to the basic elements, such as the ways of committing fraud, the study of social and psychological portrait of a criminal, the circumstances of the crime, the mechanism of the crime and other elements. The article reveals different types of performances applied for committing fraud in insurance. Special attention is paid to the most common traces of crime in insurance. Material traces are found in a wide variety of documents: insurance contracts, insurance policies, medical records, the findings of evaluation expertise, the certificates issued by the law enforcement agencies, acts of car repair shops, acts of firefighters, etc. The article traces the material except the author gives the concept of ideal traces that remain in the minds of all victims and witnesses. The author presents a classification of fraud in insurance according to various reasons: depending on the degree of organization of the fraud and the status of persons who commit fraud. The results of the author’s research covered in this article relate to preliminary verification of the crime in insurance. The article considers different situations requiring inspection for detecting criminal activities in insurance
145 kb

ABOUT CRIMINALISTIC CLASSIFICATION OF THE CRIMES AGAINST FAMILY AND MINORS

abstract 1311707069 issue 131 pp. 820 – 831 29.09.2017 ru 4
The article describes the main problems of criminalistic classification of crimes against family and minors. There were investigated the characteristics of criminal law and criminal nature, which is the basis for the classification
Social Sciences and Humanities
260 articles
151 kb

SPIRITUAL AND MORAL VALUES IN THE PEDAGOGICAL CONTEXT AS THE SOURCE OF HUMAN CREATIVE ACTIVITY

abstract 1311707030 issue 131 pp. 311 – 325 29.09.2017 ru 6
The subject of upbringing is becoming more urgent in the agenda of modern reality. Upbringing of the individual has always attracted attention. In the article, the author reflects on the components of personality: spirituality and morality, their relation. The author also proceeds from the thought that the source of man's creative activity is laid in his spiritual and moral values
114 kb

RESULTS OF THE EMPIRICAL STUDY OF FORMING THE DIDACTIC COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS OF A PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY IN THE PROCESS OF INDEPENDENT WORK

abstract 1311707036 issue 131 pp. 444 – 449 29.09.2017 ru 3
The article deals with the formation of the didactic competence of students at a pedagogical university in the process of independent work. This article describes some results of an empirical study on the formation of the didactic competence of students at a pedagogical university in the process of independent work
2807 kb

THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL SELF-DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE TEACHING STAFF IN HIGH SCHOOLS

abstract 1311707083 issue 131 pp. 1015 – 1024 29.09.2017 ru 5
The article explains that the formation of new content and forms of professional training of future teachers in higher education institution must be implemented with emphasis on its ability to self-development, but rather, on professional and personal self-development. This work discusses the following areas that characterize the professional and personal selfdevelopment of future teachers of mathematics: the organization of the educational process with a strong orientation to future teachers of mathematics; integration of educational technologies of selfdevelopment of personality of students – future teachers of mathematics, aimed at formation of skills of independent educational activity, ability to selfeducation; formation of professional communicative competence of future mathematics teachers both through traditional means of communication in the educational process, and through remote (computermediated communication); the actualization of reflexivity of personality of future teacher of mathematics; the development of the requirement of motivational sphere, based on professional motives and interests, willingness to self-improvement in professional activity. It is shown that the process of professional and personal self-development of future teacher of mathematics in the educational process of a university will be efficient if all of these areas will manifest themselves together, inseparable from each other
Health Sciences
47 articles
157 kb

PSEUDOEXFOLIATION SYNDROME AS A RISK FACTOR FOR CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION

abstract 1311707088 issue 131 pp. 1067 – 1075 29.09.2017 ru 4
The retrospective study of patients with retinal vein occlusion and frequency of pseudoexfoliation syndrome is made in this study. Retinal vein occlusion is the second most common type of retinal vascular disorder, after diabetic retinal disease, and may develop with a consequent reduction in visual acuity. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is an age-related disease characterized by the production and accumulation of a fibrillar extracellular material in several ocular tissues We have analyzed data of 73 patients with retinal vein occlusion. It was detected that risk of central vein occlusion is higher in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (23,3% of patients were diagnosed as having pseudoexfoliation syndrome). In the branch retinal vein occlusion group only 9,3% of patients had pseudoexfoliation syndrome. In control group only 8,6% of patients had this syndrome. Control group was made of 80 patients similar in age without any retinal and cardiovascular abnormalities, patients with episodes of ocular hypertension, glaucoma, and those who had undergone cataract surgery were excluded from the study. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome may be considered as an independent risk factor for development of central retinal vein occlusion
1038 kb

PATHOLOGY OF CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AT PERSONNEL OF COMMERCIAL FLEET

abstract 1291705003 issue 129 pp. 37 – 46 31.05.2017 ru 137
It is known that there are most widespread the diseases of cardiovascular system among the examined seamen. We have carried out the analysis of distribution of concrete nosological forms of pathology of cardiovascular system and concomitant diseases (gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, ENT organs, the musculoskeletal apparatus and others). Results of preventive screening of the crew personnel performed in 2007–2010 by medical commission of Novorossiysk clinical center of Russia’s Federal Medico-Biological Agency were subject to scientific research. 3352 seamen aged from 18 to 60 years (middle age 27,2+1,3 years), among which 2627 surveyed – personnel of bluewater shipping, 725 surveyed – personnel of domestic shipping have been subjected to studying. The examined contingent is ranged taking into account professional groups. It is revealed that cardiovascular pathology is almost equally widespread in all professional groups of personnel of ships of domestic and blue-water shipping. This pathology occurs at 13,5–21% of the seamen corresponding who had medical examination. The main group of the examined seamen (79–96,7%) belongs to the category «almost healthy» and suitable for work in the sea. Among revealed pathology at seamen, the high specific weight (63– 70%) belongs to diseases of cardiovascular system. Probable intensive work and harmful factors of the ship environment in each of professional groups exert significant negative impact on psychic and somatic health of seamen. Neurocirculator dystonia (hypertensive and cardio types) dominates in structure of cardiovascular pathology registered at seamen of both professional groups. The associated diseases (71–82%) meet more often at persons with hypertension, manifesting forms of atherosclerosis and ischemic disease. In both groups, we have noted the high percent of violations of digestive tract, musculoskeletal apparatus, alimentary and constitutional obesity and eyesight. However, alimentary and constitutional obesity and diseases of musculoskeletal apparatus are most characteristic of the personnel of ships performing long maritime traffic. Obviously, this phenomenon is connected with hypodynamia
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THE ROLE OF THE TRANSCRIPTION AND ANGIOGENESIS FACTORS IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF PURULENT POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS IN PATIENTS WITH ORAL MUCOSA CANCER

abstract 1281704023 issue 128 pp. 330 – 341 28.04.2017 ru 158
While studying the content of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor in the tumor tissue, oral fluid and peripheral blood of 141 patients with oral mucosa cancer T1-3N0-2M0, it was shown that the development of purulent inflammatory postoperative complications in patients with oral mucosa cancer is associated with an increased expression of HIF-1α in the tissue and its translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, activation of the neoangiogenesis processes. It is informative to determine HIF-1α factor in the blood serum, which, for further development, can be used as a non-invasive diagnostic marker to predict the postoperative course in this category of patients
Health Sciences
81 articles
164 kb

SECONDARY IMMUNODEFICIENCIES OF SMALL PETS AND THEIR CORRECTION USING MURAMYLDIPEPTIDE

abstract 1311707049 issue 131 pp. 559 – 571 29.09.2017 ru 4
The revolutionary discoveries of recent years in immunology has proved that protection from infections and biological aggression leading role played by innate immunity, which leads to the launch and subsequent work of specific adaptive immunity. Today, it is well-known that almost any pathology of the animal affects the immune system and creates an immune imbalance, leading to development of chronic pathological process, frequent relapses and to the development of different kind of complications. Secondary immunodeficiency states are widely distributed and differ in many etiological factors age, nutritional, medicinal, infectious and neoplastic nature, which leads to increased susceptibility of animal to various раthogenic factors, the weakening of the body. Awareness of the role of immunological disorders in the pathogenesis of a number of diseases has led to the need use in veterinary medicines that are aimed to influence on the immune system of the animal at the known molecular mechanism, to combine safety with high clinical efficacy. In this respect, a promising immunomodulators of microbial origin, due to the knowledge of the recognition mechanisms of the innate immune system such as bacteria as a whole, separate structural units, including mini-optimal biologically active fragments. This review is dedicated to one of the immunomodulator of microbial origin – which is an analog of biologically active fragment of muramyldipeptide of bacterial cell walls ‒ glucosaminylmuramildipeptide (GMDP), which is the active substance of registrated in Russia drug with the trade name Glicopin for use in veterinary practice. The drug showed high efficiency when used in cats, dogs, rodents, ferrets with infections of bacterial and viral etiology; cancer; with the aim of improving the natural resistance of the organism of young and old animals; enhance the effectiveness of vaccination in immunocompromised animals; postvaccine reduce complications; reduce stress financial position, such as during transportation and various veterinary treatments; injuries and on-line intervention (for stimulation of repair processes and tissue regeneration); prevention of immunodeficiency in newborn animals; the reduction of postpartum involutional processes in the uterus. Analysis of literature data allows us to consider an important outcome of immunologiс discoveries of recent years is the change of views on the question of the treatment of infectious diseases and the role of drugs as activators of innate immunity, among which an important role is played by a synthetic analogue of muramyldipeptide (GMDP) is a drug with a known molecular mechanism of action
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BIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF CAROTENOIDS AT CATTLE REPRODUCTION

abstract 1291705080 issue 129 pp. 1113 – 1125 31.05.2017 ru 116
Carotenoid preparations are quite widely used in a health care, but in the veterinary and animal husbandry, their use is limited. In terms of livestock farms of the Krasnodar region and the Rostov region at the biochemical monitoring studies of the cattle blood the lack of carotene in the serum is revealed from 45 to 100 % of the samples. To study the biological function of carotenoid we used preparations, which are the oily solutions for injections: β-carotene (manufactured by FS 42-3867, which is produced from the biomass culture of the fungus Blakeslea trispora) and lycopene, emitted from plants. The cows in the test groups during the dry period and within two weeks after birth got carotenoid preparation subcutaneously at a dose of 10 ml per animal with an interval of 7 days. As a result, it was found out that the application of carotenoids has the most favorable conditions for the flow of labor and the postnatal period, which are manifested in the decrease in obstetric and gynecological diseases in cows and reduce the period of infertility. In the experimental groups the levels of vitamin A and carotene1,3 times higher (1,26 ± 0,14 μmol/L vs. 0,97 ± 0,09 μmol/L ) 1,8 times (0,34 ± 0 03 mg /% vs. 0.61 ± 0.11 mg /%) respectively in comparison with the parameters of the intact animals at a high level of confidence (P < 0,05). Phagocytic number and percentage of digestion of neutrophils increased by 8,5 %, the difference in the number of B-cells reached 9,1%, T-cells – 6,7%. In a humoral immunity found a significant increase in Ig A. After comparison of the level of lysozyme activity of blood serum was observed its reduction in all animals immediately after birth, but in the experimental groups this process was less pronounced. The use of carotene preparations helps to reduce the concentration of lipid peroxidation products in the body of cows (diene conjugates - by 16,6 %, ketodienes - by 35,7 %, malondialdehyde – by 11,3 %), which creates favorable conditions for the flow of the metabolic processes associated with ensuring the normal childbirth and post-partum involution of the genitals. In the group of cows, receiving the carotenoid lycopene, the dyspepsia morbidity of the newborn calves compared to a control decreased by 26,7 %, bronchopneumonia - by 13,3 %
141 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF ASSOCIATIONS OF PROBIOTIC BACTERIA ON HEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF BLOOD PARAMETERS AT CALVES

abstract 1261702016 issue 126 pp. 224 – 233 28.02.2017 ru 343
The article presents results of the study on the use of associations of probiotic bacteria in black-and-white breed calves. We have analyzed the effect of associations of probiotic bacteria on hematological (red blood cells and white blood cells, hemoglobin and hematocrit) and blood biochemical parameters at calves. It was found that the associations of strains of Bifidobacterium bifidum DSM 20456, ATCC 29521, and Enterococcus faecalis H22; Bifidobacterium bifidum DSM 20456, ATCC 29521 and Enterococcus faecium UDC 86 do not have significant changes in the basic blood parameters of the animals, while improving some of counts during their use
Social Sciences and Humanities
13 articles
2673 kb

WATERCOLORIST OLEG POMERANTSEV (1949-2012) AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE TRADITIONS OF REALISTIC ART. ARTISTIC IMAGE OF THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRILLOVSKOE IN WATERCOLORS AND GRAPHIC WORKS OF THE MASTER

abstract 1231609030 issue 123 pp. 433 – 456 30.11.2016 ru 413
The article tells about St. Petersburg distinctive watercolor painter, Oleg I. Pomerantsev (1949-2012). Master's career is inseparably linked with Russian realism. The artist acts as a successor of fundamental high artistic traditions of realistic art. Working in a landscape genre, Pomerantsev managed to create more than 500 paintings deep in a content and meaning. In his spare time Master developed his own techniques of watercolor art. The entire artist’s works were performed under his impression. He received inspiration on fishing trips, in woods and then at home master reproduced what he saw from memory. Most of his works are in private collections and galleries all around the world. Romantic landscapes of Oleg I. Pomerantsev affect by their transparency, complex color techniques and inexpressible atmosphere, full of air and light. Complex colour manners and inexpressible atmosphere full of air and light. Graphic works by the artist, executed in pencil on paper are very interesting too. Sometimes master was fond of drawing in details, so such works were not suitable for watercolors. In his watercolor works Pomerantsev did only hardly visible pencil drawing. The artist did not specialized in graphics so he ruled out his pencil sketches as unsuitable, but the wife of the artist has kept them. Watercolorist Oleg I. Pomerantsev is unknown to Russian art-critics. In view of that, the article was tasked to give for the first time an art rating to the artist’s creation, to make an art analysis of his works from the cycle "The Karelian isthmus" dedicated to the settlement of Kirillovskoe in Vyborg district. The study of creativity of Oleg Pomerantsev by professional critics will allow to expand qualitatively the history of watercolor painting of Russia
1453 kb

VYBORG’S PERIOD OF A GREAT RUSSIAN ARTIST NICHOLAS ROERICH

abstract 1231609031 issue 123 pp. 457 – 479 30.11.2016 ru 438
A Karelian stage in the life of the great Russian artist, Nicholas Roerich, is relatively well-known. However, researchers have not been practically studied the period of residence of the Roerich family in Vyborg. It is known that N. Roerich was friends with the Finnish artist A. Gallen-Kallela, who helped him to remain in Finnish Vyborg in the period of revolutionary events in Russia. From October 1918 to May 1919 the Roerich family lived in Viborg in Ladaunkatu (now Turgenev St.), №8. The painting «Autumn» (1919) was written by the artist during the Vyborg’s period. The painting was created in a fantastic manner which was usual for the artist. Unfortunately, at the moment nothing is known about his other works with views of Vyborg. However, in the catalog of his works, published in the USA in the 1920-es , under the name of each picture is given information about where and when it was created. Thus, under some of the works of the artist is the mark: «Painted in Viborg». So, today we can say about some works of master, which he wrote in Vyborg. In the first place, there are famous paintings of the artist: «Repentance», «Call of the bell. Old Pskov», «Sons of the Heavens», «The heat of the Earth», «Autumn – Vyborg», «Les Miserables (Outcast)», «Treasure» and others. As well, in 1918 at the time of staying the family in Vyborg a number of sketches in "Vyborg Notebook" were made by his son, Svetoslav Roerich, who was then 16 years old. Probably, inexhaustible diligence of Roerich gave a rise to other works with the theme of Vyborg, which scientists do not know because this topic has not been investigated
190 kb

ABOUT POETRY OF THE COUNTRIES OF ASIA IN THE REGION OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN IN THE RUSSIAN TO VOCAL LYRICS OF THE XX CENTURY

abstract 1211607091 issue 121 pp. 1487 – 1503 30.09.2016 ru 616
The article is devoted to the characteristic of poems of east poets (Japan, China, Korea) on which vocal cycles were written by the Russian composers of the XX century. It becomes perceptible that the appeal to east poetry became a tendency, which appeared during the era of the Silver age of the Russian culture. The reasons of the origin of this tendency were revealed. The names of I. Stravinsky, S. Vasilenko, M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, D. Shostakovich, G. Sviridov, S. Slonimsky, L. Grabovsky, A. Nemtin, A. Raskatov, D. Smirnov, V. Kikta, G. Belov, G. Firtich, I. Ostromogilsky, etc. are given as an example of its implication. The large-scale literary list includes poetic of Ancient Chinese poetry, Japanese ancient (medieval) poetry, classical Korean poetry, folklore verses. In the conclusion, typical lines of vocal cycles on these poetic works are shown. The center of this poetry is images of the nature, communication with it of inner world of the person. This poetry is distinguished by a reserved manner of the embodiment of rich inner world, thin psychological gradation. Other figurative constants – love collisions, philosophical reflections about meaning of life, loneliness, exile. They are embodied emotionally frostily, laconically by means of expression
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 456
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 458
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 557
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
53 articles
141 kb

THE CONTENT OF THE MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PHYSICAL QUALITIES, SKILLS OF SENSORY PERCEPTION, SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH AUTISM

abstract 1251701059 issue 125 pp. 856 – 866 31.01.2017 ru 277
The article is devoted to the development of basic children’s skills with disordered autism spectrum. There is a range of tasks that need to be addressed in the system of psychological and educational assistance to children in this category, which allows identifying problems and areas of work with these children. The theory of deviant development and autism spectrum disorders, the concept of the game as the leading activity of children of preschool age and mental structures formed in this type of activity; the role of the concept of physical education in the development of mental processes of preschool age children is the methodological basis of the research. The article presents a model of improving sensory perception of the world around skills, skills of gross and fine motor skills, communication and social development with children with disordered autism spectrum. The conceptual framework of the proposed model is system development of sensory, motor, social and communicative skills of the child through interactive physical games. The purposes, goals, pedagogical conditions of realization of the model are determined. The model consists of three parts: a target, process, control and evaluation. The first - the target includes the purpose, tasks, and pedagogical conditions of realization of the model. The second set of model is technology. It consists of 5 blocks: sensory development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, communication, and social skills. The implementation of the content of the second unit takes place by means of interactive physical games, game exercise. There are the aims, the content of each unit. The third block is the control and evaluation. The content of the work of the third block includes organizational and methodological activities to assess the level of development of basic skills in children with ASD. According to the results of diagnosis, routes of individual development of each child, as required mid-term evaluation is carried out and a change of formation of skills development route have been made
138 kb

FEATURES OF SUBSTANTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOVEREIGNTY OF ADOLESCENTS LIVING IN FOSTER FAMILIES

abstract 1241610045 issue 124 pp. 708 – 719 30.12.2016 ru 368
The article investigates the psychological sovereignty of the individual at the stage of its development. The most striking of these steps is the period of adolescence. A study of psychological space of the individual is made to the example of children being brought up in his own family and children living in foster families
193 kb

MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT OF ATTITUDE TOWARD CREDITS OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT AGE

abstract 1231609073 issue 123 pp. 1049 – 1065 30.11.2016 ru 478
The article gives a psychological analysis of credit activity as a process of social exchange between the lender and the borrower. As a result of credit provision as exchange the borrower receives access to resource objects and resource relations. One of credit situations is a situation of borrower's personal default. It is introduced analysis of "personal default" concept in this article and is proposed its operational psychological definition. It is also substantiated its connection with other concepts (difficult life situation, economic stress, crisis of employment, etc). It has been studied motivational component of attitude toward credits by means of questionnaire related to credits attitude. During the study differences in motivation and purposes of crediting of potential and actual young and middle age borrowers have been found out. It has been revealed that typical motives of taking on credit are credit rigor and altruism for young people. The motive of altruistic behavior refuse is expressed by middle age persons. We have studied out connections between motives of crediting. We have found out negative connections between the motive of altruism and investment, intended use of borrowed funds, as well as between the fear of crediting and hedonism, dreaminess and conformability in crediting. Significant differences in credit purposes of young and middle-age respondents have been detected. Persons from 18 to 25 years took credit oftener for the purchase of luxury items (phone, furniture, PCs, TVs, home appliances). For borrowers from 35 to 45 years is typical to take on credits for purchase of real estate, investment in business, immediate needs – payment of medical services, repair of apartments, repayment of credit
Social Sciences and Humanities
6 articles
316 kb

THE CHOICE OF ICE REMOVAL METHODS FROM ARTIFICIAL AERODROME PAVEMENTS ON THE BASIS OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS

abstract 1291705004 issue 129 pp. 47 – 61 31.05.2017 ru 123
The article describes the main methods of ice removal from artificial aerodrome pavements. Natural-climatic factors affecting the aerodrome pavement condition are analyzed and it is shown how flight safety depends on the pavement condition. The article also informs on the factors causing different kinds of ice formation on artificial aerodrome pavements and machine hours needed for their deicing. It touches upon the problem of the uncertainty factor consideration in the management of various systems, and considers decision-making criteria in the general theory of decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. The author offers the choice of deicing methods on the basis of mathematical methods with the use of simulating and checking program called "Optimal strategy in choosing methods of airfield preparation", which helps to use aerodrome equipment more efficiently, prolong its service life, and save efforts, means and machine resources
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 465
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 485
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
Social Sciences and Humanities
44 articles
114 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF MIGRATION PROBLEMS ON THE DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE NAKHCHIVAN AUTONOMOUS REPUBLIC

abstract 1311707020 issue 131 pp. 198 – 205 29.09.2017 ru 4
The article deals with the migration and its creating reasons, which have great role in changes of the content and number of the population, the effects of migration processes in the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic on demographic development and the problems of their settlement. For this reason, the problems caused the internal and the external migration of the population from the beginning of independence years are analyzed. Starting from the second decade of independence the progress in the rising of natural and migration increase of the population at the result of establishment of new workplaces and industrial facilities are foregrounded
146 kb

RESEARCH WORK AS A FACTOR OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

abstract 1311707022 issue 131 pp. 206 – 216 29.09.2017 ru 3
The transformation of society, its subsystems and institutions led to the changing requirements of professional competencies of graduates. Among the most significant types of professional activities in national standards research activities are called. Accordingly, an important role in preparation of graduating students of institutions is now played by such form of independent work as research activity. The article is devoted to the study of the influence of scientific-research work of students on the formation of their professional competences. It discusses the concept of competence, research work of the student. Presents the results carried out by the authors of the sociological research devoted to the study of attitude of students of Kuban state technological University for the research work. The basic forms of research work done by students are pointed. The ideas of respondents about the role of scientific work in training and social mobility of graduates are considered. Key qualities and competencies that can be formed in the process of employment of research work are certain. Among them the most important the respondents believe the skills of working with information, skills of selfeducation, development of creative abilities
631 kb

SMM – PROMOTION OF A FOOTBALL CLUB AND INTERACTION WITH THE TARGET AUDIENCE THROUGH SOCIAL NETWORKS

abstract 1291705022 issue 129 pp. 255 – 264 31.05.2017 ru 117
The article is based on the goal - to show the importance of working with social networks as one of the main ways to promote the football club. Representation of a sports organization in this field plays a special role at the present stage of the development of information channels. Denial of active use of social networks in the formation of the brand of the football club, or insufficient positioning in the Internet space reduces the effectiveness of interaction with the target audience. This is especially noticeable in "communication" with the younger generation, which actively uses social networks as one of the main channels of communication and positioning. Promotion of a football club in a virtual environment is an important task, which is reflected in this article. A competent combination of work with social networks and the media allows solving many issues related to the positioning of the club's brand, strengthening its image. Active study of these issues allows us to understand the possibilities of using modern methods of SMM promotion of the football club better, which allows us to keep closer contact with the target audience, ready for dialogue and close interaction, which allows us to obtain both reputational and commercial benefits. Thus, the material presented is an opportunity to explore existing opportunities and new trends in the use of PR in the sports field, in football in particular
Social Sciences and Humanities
21 articles
154 kb

THE YOUTH SELF-GOVERNMENT IN RUSSIA: THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS, FUNCTIONS AND LEVELS

abstract 1291705038 issue 129 pp. 432 – 446 31.05.2017 ru 149
The article is devoted to the research of the main factors, functions and levels of the development of the youth self-government organizations in modern Russia. Youth self-government organizations represent one of the most successfully developing institutes of the civil society that uses the most efficient mechanisms of the participation of this category of citizens in the process of functioning of the governmental and non-governmental institutions and organizations. Youth self-government is characterized by such categories as versatility and divergence; it works at various levels and includes specific factors and functions
165 kb

PROBLEMS OF GENDER ASYMMETRY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: WAYS OF REGULATION

abstract 1271703015 issue 127 pp. 260 – 269 31.03.2017 ru 300
In the article we examine the gender approach in public administration. There were analyzed gender disparities in the public administration of the Russian Federation and their influence on managerial decisionmaking. We have found the distribution of power between the sexes and their relationship to gender stereotypes. There were suggested the ways of regulation of gender asymmetry in the public administration
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 400
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
Social Sciences and Humanities
28 articles
141 kb

THE VALUES OF THE ART OF RUSSIAN EMBROIDERY IN THE FOLK CULTURE AS A SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON

abstract 1311707075 issue 131 pp. 914 – 923 29.09.2017 ru 5
A study of the Russian costume and household items was carried out. It is proved that folk art of embroidery has deep artistic and craft traditions and historical roots and is a special socio-cultural type of folk culture. The ornaments were one of the characteristic features of Russian clothing, its technical techniques of embroidery, specific ornamental motifs and colors, which determine its originality, being, as it were, a passport of culture, its historical path, intercultural and interethnic ties. It is determined that decorative decoration with embroidery of costume complexes, related to archaism, is the value of Russian folk culture at historical stages as universal values. The nature and quantity of embroidery, even the semantic meaning of ornamental patterns, depended on the expediency, characteristic of folk clothes, on reasons of economy, age and local differences, and various customs in accordance with which clothes were used. Images of ancient Slavic mythology came into folk embroidery and lived there for centuries not by chance. They decorated clothes, towels, and ghosts, which had important ritual significance during folk festivals and traditional rituals. The people faithfully observed the laws of fathers and grandfathers, along with them, from generation to generation, images of ancient mythology also came. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
174 kb

SOCIOCULTURAL PROJECTS OF DM. MEREZHKOVSKY AND I. ILYIN

abstract 1291705013 issue 129 pp. 156 – 169 31.05.2017 ru 109
The article is devoted to utopian projects of Dm. Merezhkovsky «The Third Kingdom» and I. Ilyin «The Russian Idea». The methodological basis of the study is a phenomenological concept of «life-world». The utopia considered in the present paper as a phenomenon of sociocultural reality, including the characteristic features of the civilization on the basis of which it is formed. Projects directed to the synthesis of religion and culture through spiritual rebirth of man. The specificity of utopias is revealed – spirituality and metaphysics, which allowed to define them as sociocultural projects
145 kb

EMBROIDERY IN THE IVANOVO REGION IN THE XIX – XX CENTURIES

abstract 1291705024 issue 129 pp. 276 – 285 31.05.2017 ru 113
The author carried out a research about the beginning of embroidery craft in Ivanovo region in the XIX – XX centuries. Flax weaving has become a foundation for embroidery—one of the most peculiar feature of Ivanovo region. The author proves that the folk craft of embroidery has deep artistic-vocational traditions and historical roots. Motifs of the ornament, symbolic designs were also common not only for North-Western Russia but also were widespread in the present Ivanovo region, former Vladimir, Kostroma and Yaroslavl provinces. The research found out that those who lived this territory used to live in Novgorod lands that was often proved by the motifs of the embroidery that were quite popular in that part in ancient times. The techniques of embroidery and patterns of the drawing echo with the ones from Arkhangelskay province in the XVIII – XIX centuries. By the end of the XVII and the beginning of the XIX centuries Ivanovo region was well-developed in crafts that became an important part of folk culture of the Upper Volga region. The author researches the organization of embroidery craft after the October revolution of 1917, formation of craft groups and their reorganizations. It was also found out that by the middle of the XX after the Great World War of 1941-1945 the craft was reorganized one more time. New experimental and creative workshops were formed; new production locations were built for factory workers on a state level, special favorable conditions were created for effective work. With the advent of Perestroyka in 1990s embroidery as a craft was almost lost. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
Physical Sciences and Engineering
21 articles
1982 kb

FORMATION OF THE SNOW COVER IN THE REGION OF KRASNAYA POLYANA (SOCHI) IN THE WINTER OF 2016-2017. PART 2. METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AND AVALANCHE SITUATION

abstract 1311707045 issue 131 pp. 489 – 514 29.09.2017 ru 5
In the article, we consider climatic conditions during the cold period of the year in the mountain claster of Sochi. We have analyzed variability of time series of air temperature and precipitation sums at meteostation Krasnaya Polyana. We have established, that average daily temperature in the cold period was growing during the last thirty years. This process was accompanied by decreasing of daily temperature amplitides. Winter of the year 2016/17 is characterized by early beginning of snow accumulation because of comparatively low temperatures in December 2016. This was the reason in general for comparatively more dense snow cover and to more frequent avalanches
352 kb

DIAPIR STRUCTURES OF THE TEREK-SUNZHA OIL AND GAS REGION OF THE EASTERN CAUCASUS – QUASI-MUD VOLCANOES

abstract 1301706032 issue 130 pp. 421 – 446 30.06.2017 ru 154
Within the Terek-Sunzha oil and gas region of the Eastern Caucasus a productive sediments are clearly expressed by the classical diapir due to the increase in power in the arched part of the strata of the Maikop clays. In accordance with the theory of I. M. Gubkin, developed based on the analysis of the structure of the oil and gas structures of mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan, diapirism of the structure is an important prerequisite for the formation of a mud volcano. The article provides a comparative analysis of diapir structures of the TerekSunzha oil and gas region of the Eastern Caucasus, which is quasi-mud unripe volcanoes, and structures of mud volcanoes in the South-Eastern end of the Caucasus range (the Apsheron Peninsula and other territories of Azerbaijan) and the North-Western end of the Caucasus range (the Kerch and Taman Peninsula). It is shown that the formation of diapir structure, when, in the context of high power clay strata, is not a sufficient condition for its transformation into a mud volcano. In such geological conditions, it is essential to determine the capacity of clay strata, but also the degree of its water-filled porosity, visco-plastic and fluid-forming properties, contributing to the transition of the breed in a phase of active current and the coming to the surface
1212 kb

EVALUATION OF TOURISTIC ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE BLACK SEA BEACHES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706055 issue 130 pp. 789 – 798 30.06.2017 ru 130
The methodology of evaluation of touristic attractiveness of the Black sea coast of the Krasnodar area is presented in this article. This method is based on ranked assessment using statistical analysis
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