Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo

Sections

Physical Sciences and Engineering
349 articles
12261 kb

A SCIENTOMETRIC INTELLIGENT MEASURING SYSTEM OF RSCI DATA BASED UPON THE ASK ANALYSIS AND EIDOS SYSTEM

abstract 1221608014 issue 122 pp. 157 – 212 31.10.2016 ru 6
Adequate and effective assessment of the efficiency, effectiveness and the quality of scientific activities of specific scientists and research teams is crucial for any information society and a society based on knowledge. The solution to this problem is the subject of scientometrics and its purpose. The current stage of development scientometrics differs greatly from his previous appearance in the open as well as paid on-line access to huge amount of detailed data on a large number of indicators on individual authors and on scientific organizations and universities. The world has well-known bibliographic databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Astrophysics Data System, PubMed, MathSciNet, zbMATH, Chemical Abstracts, Springer, Agris, or GeoRef. In Russia, it is primarily the Russian scientific citing index (RSCI). RSCI is a national information-analytical system, accumulating more than 9 million publications of Russian scientists, as well as the information about citation of these publications from more than 6,000 Russian journals. There is too much information; it is so-called "Big data". But the problem is how to make sense of these large data, more precisely, to identify the meaning of scientometric indicators) and thus to convert them into great information ("great information"), and then apply this information to achieve the objective of scientometrics, i.e. to transform it into a lot of knowledge ("great knowledge") about the specific scientists and research teams. The solution to this problem is creating a "Scientific smart metering system" based on the use of the automated system-cognitive analysis and its software tools – an intellectual system called "Eidos". The article provides a numerical example of the creation and application of Scientometric intelligent measurement system based on a small amount of real scientific data that are publicly available using free on-line access to the RSCI
188 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF REACTION OF DISSOCIATION / RECOMBINATION OF MOLECULES OF WATER ON TRANSPORTING ELECTROLYTE 1: 1 IN THE MEMBRANE SYSTEMS IN THE DIFFUSION LAYER. PART 2. ASYMPTOTIC ANALYSIS

abstract 1221608017 issue 122 pp. 241 – 254 31.10.2016 ru 5
This article is devoted to the asymptotic analysis of boundary value problem for a system of equations of Nernst-Planck and Poisson for a singularly perturbed system of ordinary differential equations [1], based on two parameters. This boundary value problem simulates electrodiffusion of four kinds of ions at the same time in the diffusion layer in electro-membrane systems with perfectly selective membrane, taling into consideration the reaction of recombination of two ions. Meanwhile the other two ions represent ions of a binary salt. As a simple example, we consider the transport of ions sodium, chlorine, hydrogen and hydroxide, moreover, hydrogen and hydroxyl ions recombine in the diffusion layer. A more complex case is the transfer of the products of dissociation of the dihydrogen phosphate of sodium, namely, ions of sodium and dihydrogen phosphate, the latter dissociate at the interface, in turn, hydrogen ions and hydrogen phosphate. Thus, in the solution can simultaneously store three different types of ions: sodium, hydrogen, phosphate. During the transfer, hydrogen ions and ions of hydrogen phosphate recombine to produce phosphoric acid. The article has revealed the structure of the Nernst diffusion layer at currents above Harkatsa current. It is shown, that in the diffusion layer, there are two types of boundary layers: the inner (reaction) boundary layer and boundary layer at the interface solution / membrane
237 kb

THE PROBLEM OF RESEARCH OF FINAL RANKING FOR GROUP OF EXPERTS BY MEANS OF KEMENY MEDIAN

abstract 1221608055 issue 122 pp. 784 – 805 31.10.2016 ru 6
In various applications, it is necessary to analyze several expert orderings, i.e. clustered rankings objects of examination. These areas include technical studies, ecology, management, economics, sociology, forecasting, etc. The objects can be some samples of products, technologies, mathematical models, projects, job applicants and others. In the construction of the final opinion of the commission of experts, it is important to find clustered ranking that averages responses of experts. This article describes a number of methods for clustered rankings averaging, among which there is the method of Kemeny median calculation, based on the use of Kemeny distance. This article focuses on the computing side of the final ranking among the expert opinions problem by means of median Kemeny calculation. There are currently no exact algorithms for finding the set of all Kemeny medians for a given number of permutations (rankings without connections), only exhaustive search. However, there are various approaches to search for a part or all medians, which are analyzed in this study. Zhikharev's heuristic algorithms serve as a good tool to study the set of all Kemeny medians: identifying any connections in mutual locations of the medians in relation to the aggregated expert opinions set (a variety of expert answers permutations). Litvak offers one precise and one heuristic approaches to calculate the median among all possible sets of solutions. This article introduces the necessary concepts, analyzes the advantages of median Kemeny among other possible searches of expert orderings. It identifies the comparative strengths and weaknesses of examined computational ways
Physical Sciences and Engineering
42 articles
140 kb

SYNTHESIS OF SUBSTITUTED ISOXAZOLO[5,4-b]PYRIDINE AND THEIR ANTIDOTE ACTIVITY

abstract 1221608034 issue 122 pp. 471 – 480 31.10.2016 ru 9
To develop the novel herbicide antidotes for the sunflower vegetative plants, the group of chemical compounds, belonging to the derivatives of isoxalopyrazolopyridines was synthesized and their antidote activity both in the laboratory and field experiments was studied. The compounds with a high antidote effect were found
139 kb

INVESTIGATION OF ASCORBIC ACID ADSORPTION ON KSMG SILICA GEL

abstract 1191605091 issue 119 pp. 1356 – 1365 31.05.2016 ru 71
The article studies adsorption of ascorbic acid on KSMG silicagel. The experimental results, the basic thermodynamic characteristics of ascorbic acid adsorption on oxide silicon have been used for treatment of adsorption mechanism of ascorbic acid on silica KSMG. Results of the study ascorbic acid adsorption on silica gel KSMG may be used for further identification of it in the various objects
126 kb

RESEARCH IN MICRODEFICIENCY OF POLYMERS (RUBBERS AND RUBBERIZED FABRICS) USING EXPRESS TECHNIQUE OF ASSESSMENT BY THE SORPTION AND WEIGHT METHOD

abstract 1181604048 issue 118 pp. 817 – 826 29.04.2016 ru 227
Macrodeficiency of polymeric materials, including the pervasive one, is a consequence of the development of initial microdefects which appear in polymers both due to external factors and during their processing. In the article, the problem of the detection of structural microdeficiency of various polymeric materials through an assessment of their structural parameters is solved. The considered materials possess approximately identical degree of crystallinity (60 – 66%), but different density. The express assessment technique of polymeric materials microdeficiency by the sorption method with the use of the academician M. M. Dubinin’s theory of volumetric micropore filling is developed and evaluated. On the basis of a quantitative assessment of sorption processes in polymeric materials, including elastomeric compositions – rubbers and rubberized fabrics, the existence of the initial local microdefects arising in the course of synthesis is established. In real polymeric materials, including elastomeric compositions – rubbers and rubberized fabrics, the existence of the initial local microdefects arising in the course of synthesis is established (the number of microdefects n varies from 1x1017 sm-3 to 6x1019 sm-3 , and the rated linear size k – from 2 nm to 7 nm). The general reduction of microdeficiency in rubberized fabrics in comparison with initial rubber is revealed and rationalized
Life Sciences
460 articles
157 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF PHENOLOGY OF СONVALLARIA MAJALIS L. IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE MIDDLE DON

abstract 1221608010 issue 122 pp. 109 – 118 31.10.2016 ru 4
For the conservation of biodiversity, this study of patterns of biological processes and phases in the development of Convallaria majalis L. that are repeated annually becomes actual. In the article, we have presented an analysis of five years of observations of the rhythm of the development of Convallaria majalis L. in the conditions of the middle Don. There were allocated phenological phases of lily of the valley: vegetative (beginning of sprout growth, deploying of leaves), bud formation, flowering (disclosure of the first flower, mass blossoming, the withering of separate flowers, the ending of flowering), fruitage (the beginning of fruit setting, mass of fruit setting, mass ripening of fruits), the end of the vegetation (appearance of the first changes in color of leaves, the complete drying). We have defined daily average temperature and the appropriate amount of positive temperatures for the passage of various phases of development Convallaria majalis L. By the results of two growing seasons, the optimal daily average temperature for the flowering period is 14,3 ° C (the sum of average daily temperatures 161,3-204, 0С) - until 9-15 days. At higher daily air temperatures flowering begins at lower amount of positive and effective temperatures after 40-45 days after the start of the vegetation. At lower daily air temperatures flowering is longer than at higher. In the conditions of the middle Don there were allocated some examples of Convallaria majalis L. which bloom two years in a row
165 kb

COLLECTION OF THE GENUS PELARGONIUM IN THE LIGHT OF THE NEW CRITERIA FOR SECTIONAL DIVISION OF GERANIUMS

abstract 1221608022 issue 122 pp. 304 – 317 31.10.2016 ru 6
The article discusses the formation of the collection that includes the most numerous genus Pelargonium (L.Herit.) from the family Geraniaceae Juss, as well as its importance, and the prospects for replenishing and use. There is also analysis of the publications for the recent years, clarifying approaches and principles in classifying the representatives of this species. The collection of Russian Research Institute of Floriculture and Subtropical Crops is described, taking into account new palynological and cytogenetic criteria in pelargoniums section division. It is represented by more than 120 species, cultivars, as well as intravarietal and interspecific hybrids and is divided into three branches (A, B, C2), three subgenus (Pelargonium. Parvulipetala, Paucisignata) and five sections (Pelargonium, Otidia, Peristera., Reniformia Ciconium). Collection samples are included to the breeding research, as sources of economic features when creating highly-ornamental hybrids and cultivars. The work also studies possible using of the most adapted species, cultivars and hybrids in urban landscaping on the Black Sea coast
296 kb

ISOLATION AND SELECTION OF THE NON TRANSDUCING E. COLI BACTERIOPHAGES FOR ANTI-COLIBACILLOSIS DRUGS

abstract 1221608040 issue 122 pp. 554 – 566 31.10.2016 ru 7
The isolation of E.coli phages from samples of natural and waste water obtained during expeditions in the different regions of Russian Federation was carried out. The obtained phages (286 isolates) were tested for their ability to lyse the pathogenic strains of E. coli – pathogenic agents of pig colibacteriosis in Krasnodar region. The study was conducted of their ability to phage transduction, the molecular-genetic characterization and biotechnological parameters of selected bacteriophages. For first experimental design of veterinary drugs was selected 5 coliphages having no ability of plasmids transduction. It has been shown that all the investigated phages are representatives of T4-type phages of family Myoviridae. The reported study was partially supported by RFBR, research projects No. 08-04-99111, 09-04-10132, 16-44- 230855
Physical Sciences and Engineering
19 articles
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 66
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 908
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
306 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE NaCI

abstract 1081504070 issue 108 pp. 962 – 973 30.04.2015 ru 1054
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore NaCI
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1442 articles
529 kb

IMPROVING RESOURCES OF ENGINE OIL WITH SPECIAL ADDITIVES ADDED

abstract 1221608013 issue 122 pp. 146 – 156 31.10.2016 ru 5
The article presents investigations of engine oil with the addition of special additives and reactions of the composition in the process of friction on the metal surface, simulating the boundary and hydrodynamic friction
220 kb

STUDYING THE EFFECT OF SWEETENERS ON RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CHOCOLATE MASS

abstract 1221608016 issue 122 pp. 226 – 240 31.10.2016 ru 4
Chocolate products with reduced calories are becoming increasingly popular among consumers and producers. One method of producing chocolate with low calorie content is some replacement with alternative sucrose sugar substitutes. We have investigated the effect of various bulk sweeteners (maltitol, isomalt and erythritol) with different particle size, divided into three intervals (106-53, 53-38, and 38-20 microns) on the rheological properties of molten chocolate. It was found, that the model of the Herschel-Bulkley is better than others, it describes the real rheological properties of the chocolate mass. It is established, that because of maltitol, it affects the rheological properties of chocolate just as sucrose and thus it may be a good alternative. The use of isomalt causes higher plastic viscosity of the chocolate mass and maltitol improves the fluidity of the chocolate mass, significantly more than other bulk sweeteners. Changing the particle size leads to a change in the plastic viscosity and yield point. Differences in the rheological properties of chocolate with different bulk sugar substitutes have been caused by differences in the volume fraction of solids and the distribution of particle size. When replacing sucrose to improve the rheological properties of the chocolate, we have to select sweeteners with large particle size, but sweeteners particle size should be small enough to result in chocolate with good organoleptic properties
425 kb

THEORETICAL JUSTIFICATION OF THE BOUNDARIES OF THE ADVISABILITY OF CAR RECYCLING

abstract 1221608023 issue 122 pp. 318 – 337 31.10.2016 ru 6
Now in Russia there is a problem of utilization of vehicles. The article reveals questions of the advisability to study boundaries of cars recycling: pricing model with repair, options for vehicles used after repairs, the models for definition of the boundaries of cars recycling
Life Sciences
938 articles
149 kb

REPRODUCTIVE, FATTENING AND MEAT QUALITIES OF YOUNG PIGS AT USING BOARS OF SPECIALIZED BREEDS AND TYPES

abstract 1221608005 issue 122 pp. 59 – 68 31.10.2016 ru 4
The optimal rations have been found. We have conducted a research on the assessment of meat productivity, biochemical blood tests. The chemical composition of blood and meat has been found. We have empirically chosen a content area for both chicks and adults of black African ostriches. The article shows a selection of optimal rations for feeding of ostriches; we have also determined the live weight of ostriches in groups, keeping the chicks safe in groups, hematological studies of ostriches blood, the chemical composition of the meat, the efficiency of premixes of Vitafel S
147 kb

MEAT EFFICIENCY THOROUGHBRED AND CROSSBRED GILTS AT INTRODUCTION OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE ADDITIVES IN THE DIET

abstract 1221608006 issue 122 pp. 69 – 78 31.10.2016 ru 6
Experimental studies were carried out on the breeding farms of "Russian pork" in Millerovo district of the Rostov region on purebred and crossbred animals derived from crosses of pigs and the Don steppe types of meat, breeds of Landrace and Pietrain. The Don type of meat was used in the experiments as a control. When crossing, the DM-1 pigs were used as the parent form, and CT as a father to give twin breed hybrids DM-1 x ST. The recent delivery of boars of Landrace and Pietrain breeds allowed to receive twin breed hybrids of genotypes of CT × L and DM-1 × P
128 kb

GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND FEEDING QUALITIES OF YOUNG PIGS GROWN WITH SUPPLEMENTATION OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES

abstract 1221608007 issue 122 pp. 79 – 88 31.10.2016 ru 7
We have selected a group of test animals and formed a set of techniques for the research. The article gives an evaluation of fattening qualities (precocity, average daily gain, feed consumption per 1 kg of gain) of purebred and crossbred pigs. We present the dynamics of body weight and body length for the experimental pigs, productive qualities, the thickness of back fat of experimental animals to achieve the 100 and 130 kg of live weight
Social Sciences and Humanities
88 articles
170 kb

SOME ASPECTS OF INDUSTRIAL DAY-TODAY LIFE OF GIRLS ON SHOCK KOMSOMOL BUILDING OF ORENBURG AREA IN 1956-1965

abstract 1221608045 issue 122 pp. 656 – 668 31.10.2016 ru 3
One of the actual directions of studying the history in modern world is the history of day-to-day life. Studying the industrial day-to-day life of builders on shock Komsomol building let us analyze their problems and the ways to solve them. The author gives the economic and political pre-conditions of organizing the patronage under the building of industrial objects on the South Ural. The concept “shock Komsomol building” and the classification of buildings are given. The main objects of Komsomol patronage which were situated on the territory of Orenburg area at that time are enumerated. The problems of women working at the building are viewed on the materials of Orenburg area. On the basis of archives the per cent ratio of youth and women working on the building is given. The industrial facts influencing on their socialization are examined. The main attention is given to the characteristics of industry, providing the builders with sanitary and domestic conditions of the objects and uniforms. The important aspect was also maintenance of safety measures on the building. The hard work of women who did not have the building education is stressed. The main spheres of professional employment of women on the building are enumerated
136 kb

PARTICIPATION OF KALMYK TRADE UNIONS IN ENSURING WORKERS’ LABOR PROTECTION

abstract 1221608062 issue 122 pp. 909 – 918 31.10.2016 ru 6
In the article, we can analyze the participation of Kalmik trade unions in ensuring workers’ labor protection and safety engineering in 1970-ies. The sources of the article base are the documents of National archive of the Kalmyk Republic. The analysis of the large documental material showed that in 1970ies the trade unions began to study deeper the question of making better the conditions of work, more often raised the questions of labor protection at the meetings of workers committees, drew the community to this work. Kalmik trade unions organizations paid serious attention to safety engineering and industry sanitation, achieved such condition that the workers were completely provided with overalls, means of individual protection, they demanded absolute mechanization of hard processes, fought for high culture of manufacture. In spite of trade-union organizations of the republic did definite work about putting in order in cause of fulfillment of labor laws, the situation did not change
143 kb

AGITATION AND MASS FORMS OF ART IN THE 20-IES OF THE XX CENTURY IN RUSSIA

abstract 1211607034 issue 121 pp. 660 – 670 30.09.2016 ru 73
The article deals with the forms of agitation and mass art, the creation of which was authorized by the Bolsheviks in the 20ies of the XX century for effective advocacy activities. It is noted, that agitation and mass art is one of the most important and effective means of policies and has played a huge role in the establishment of Soviet power. Propaganda direction was manifested in the both of drawing and painting and was aimed at the formation of a new proletarian thinking in a socialist society. It is stated, that the content of works of art is determined, above all, by the military-political situation that prevailed in the 20-ies. It is shown, that in the works of art displayed figures of the new revolutionary themes, events and characters, but also significant presence of the image of the new man - working men and women, sailors, soldiers, peasants was traced. Festive decoration of cities and towns, from the capital to the smallest provincial towns was filled with agitation and propaganda content. The conclusion is that artistic and political design of squares, streets, public buildings should help to create a festive mood, increase employment, ideological and socio-political activity of the workers. In general, new forms of agitation and propaganda were created through art, by turning the novelty of content, depth of the emotional impact, thematic literacy and specificity for the necessary psychological mood of society during the study period
Social Sciences and Humanities
1443 articles
233 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTELLIGENT TECHNOLOGIES RESEARCH OF THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF LIFE QUALITY IN THE REGION

abstract 1221608001 issue 122 pp. 1 – 17 31.10.2016 ru 5
To increase the validity of conclusions about the impact of environment on quality of life we need to move from generalities to the application of quantitative modeling techniques. This requires the joint processing environmental databases and databases depicting various aspects of quality of life. These databases need to be handled not just together, but in a comparable form approach, technology and methodology; and we need to implement them in one software system. For the first time in the environmental studies it has been planned to be done with the application of the ASK- analysis and the system called "Eidos". In this work, we set the goals and the objectives of the application of the ASK-analysis to study the effect of environmental factors on the quality of life of the population of the region. The article reveals the urgency of this study; the requirements for the method of conducting the study, the choice of research method, the contents of the objectives of the study. The proposed work is at the edge of mathematical ecology and mathematical modeling of quality of life (which refers to mathematical and instrumental methods of Economics), resulting from expected synergies, consists in obtaining of new knowledge in these fields, that is relevant to both ecology and economy. This knowledge will make it more meaningful and justified for the application of environmental criteria and concepts in the economy
3036 kb

THE RATIONALE FOR SELECTING THE METHOD FOR THE RESEARCH OF THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF LIFE QUALITY IN THE REGION

abstract 1221608002 issue 122 pp. 18 – 31 31.10.2016 ru 7
To increase the validity of conclusions about the impact of the environment on the quality of life we need to move from generalities to the application of quantitative modeling techniques. This requires the joint processing environmental databases and databases depicting various aspects of quality of life. These databases are needed to be handled not just together, but in a comparable form approach, including technology and methodology, and to be implemented in one software system. For the first time in the environmental studies, it has been planned to be done with the application of the ASK-analysis and the system called "Eidos". Previously, the authors have set the goals and the objectives of the application of the ASK-analysis to study the effect of environmental factors on the quality of life of the population of the region. The article reveals the urgency of this study; the requirements for the method of conducting the study, the choice of a research method; as well as the contents of the objectives of the study. The proposed work is at the edge of mathematical ecology and mathematical modeling of quality of life (which refers to mathematical and instrumental methods of Economics), resulting from expected synergies, consists in obtaining of new knowledge in these fields that is relevant to both ecology and economy. This knowledge will make it more meaningful and justified for the application of environmental criteria and concepts in the economy. This work contains a description of the basic data sources for the study of the impact of environmental factors on various aspects of quality of life of the region's population, the source data for this study, the characteristics of the original data, substantiation of requirements to the method of research, choosing research methods appropriate to requirements; the development of steps to achieve the objectives of the study
140 kb

COGNITIVE MODELS OF PREDICTION THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DIVERSIFIED CORPORATION

abstract 1221608003 issue 122 pp. 32 – 42 31.10.2016 ru 7
The application of classical forecasting methods applied to a diversified corporation faces some certain difficulties, due to its economic nature. Unlike other businesses, diversified corporations are characterized by multidimensional arrays of data with a high degree of distortion and fragmentation of information due to the cumulative effect of the incompleteness and distortion of accounting information from the enterprises in it. Under these conditions, the applied methods and tools must have high resolution and work effectively with large databases with incomplete information, ensure the correct common comparable quantitative processing of the heterogeneous nature of the factors measured in different units. It is therefore necessary to select or develop some methods that can work with complex poorly formalized tasks. This fact substantiates the relevance of the problem of developing models, methods and tools for solving the problem of forecasting the development of diversified corporations. This is the subject of this work, which makes it relevant. The work aims to: 1) analyze the forecasting methods to justify the choice of system-cognitive analysis as one of the effective methods for the prediction of semi-structured tasks; 2) to adapt and develop the method of systemic-cognitive analysis for forecasting of dynamics of development of the corporation subject to the scenario approach; 3) to develop predictive model scenarios of changes in basic economic indicators of development of the corporation and to assess their credibility; 4) determine the analytical form of the dependence between past and future scenarios of various economic indicators; 5) develop analytical models weighing predictable scenarios, taking into account all prediction results with positive levels of similarity, to increase the level of reliability of forecasts; 6) to develop a calculation procedure to assess the strength of influence on the corporation (sensitivity) of its member enterprises; 7) to finalize the software tools the ask analysis to the level of information technology, given its adaptation and development to predict actions in a diversified corporation
Social Sciences and Humanities
89 articles
200 kb

THE PROBLEM OF READING AND WRITING IN THE CONTEXT OF A POETICS AND PRAGMATICS OF PHILOSOPHICAL TEXTS

abstract 1221608059 issue 122 pp. 866 – 886 31.10.2016 ru 6
The article considers the problem of reading and writing that is topical for the modern philosophy of the text. Philosophical text in modern humanitarian science is considered from the perspective of two of its functions – poetic and pragmatic. The poetic function of the text related to the structure of the text and the cultural and social role of the author in the process of "production". The pragmatic function of the text assumes its "consumption" by the reader, as well as the process of communication between author and reader. This article describes the results of research "the author function" in the humanitarian culture of the twentieth century. Modern analysts, such as R. Barthes, M. Foucault and Eco are talking about the "death of the author", so the term “letter” replaces the concept of text in modern culture. In this regard, the role of the reader increases, not only as a "recipient" of the text, but also as his collaborator. The reader interprets the text, providing the space of its cultural consumption and reproduction in modern society. The key mechanism for such reproduction can be called "hypertext" because it corresponds to the understanding of the text from the perspective of structuralism, and from the perspective of modern information society. In the article we make a conclusion about the necessity of further research in this direction
160 kb

THE LEGISLATION OF FUNCTIONING OF CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS ON THE EXAMPLE OF LIBRARIES OF UKRAINE (1991- 2007)

abstract 1211607044 issue 121 pp. 786 – 800 30.09.2016 ru 73
Only the rational, normally functioning legislation is able to afford free exchange of information, respectively and normal functioning of cultural institutions, and creation of effective social technologies and effective functioning of democratic society, as such. It only emphasizes its special social importance both for the country in general, and for each hotel citizen as cultural values cause internal stability of society, being its spiritual basis, its toposy. And the library science which is determined as - an industry of information, cultural, educational activities of society that includes education and development of libraries, forming and handling of library stocks, the organization of library, information and library and bibliographic servicing of users of libraries, preparation of library personnel, scientific and methodical ensuring development of libraries has special value in this aspect. The emphasized attention to a library science and people who work in organizations of libraries can be seen in the Presidential decree of Ukraine "About establishment of All-Ukrainian day of libraries" from 5/14/1998 No. 71/98 and which is directed as it is told in the Decree on increase of a role of the book in social and political and historical and cultural life of the population of Ukraine, and also on the problem resolution of development of a library science. Thus, it is possible to conclude that in Ukraine there are developments the legislation, both for needs of the most library science, and for implementation of free exchange of information within the country and beyond its limits. That, in turn, can be a basis as for creation, application and effective use of social technologies, and for further development of the cultural sphere of society
135 kb

MODEL OF THE NETWORK COMMUNITY IN THE POST-INDUSTRIAL AND INFORMATION CONCEPTS

abstract 1201606061 issue 120 pp. 903 – 913 30.06.2016 ru 80
The article studies the works of the theorists of postindustrial and information concepts of the society’s development. The author thoroughly examines the role of these paradigms in shaping perceptions of the modern socio-cultural space. He notes the high prognostic value of the studies for understanding the phenomenon of the Network society. The author draws attention to the fact that they cannot fully describe the current state of social space and do not have the required methodological diversity. It is noted that new ways of thinking and organizing objects of the virtual environment are required. According to the author, it is important to designate the information as one of the priority components of the transformation process in society. Technology and the Internet mediated communication creates a new type of social relations, switching attention to the creation of social communications as a play environment of interactions. Compression of the space-time continuum described in terms of information and global social space redirection, helps to comprehend the locality, mosaic and fragmentation of the occurring type of sociality. This phenomenon appears due to the involvement of individuals in the total communication system that turns out to be the cultural manipulation, affecting the needs and behavior in all spheres of life, as the information acquires the ability to program. Internet creates the illusion of fullness of socially demanded actions and expectations. The article shows that the interest in the phenomenon of image reality is increasingly growing among the social thinkers, who see it as the future state of the social space. The author draws attention to the fact that the development of the online world is defined by the main task of the modern human sciences, the solution of which is carried out by the ordering and value ranging the virtualization phenomena, by the optimization of methods of control over the interaction of real and virtual realities
Social Sciences and Humanities
196 articles
148 kb

INDIRECT COMMUNICATION MEANS AS CONFLICT SITUATION MARKERS

abstract 1221608015 issue 122 pp. 213 – 225 31.10.2016 ru 6
The article considers the problems of indirect communication in conflict situations. The diversity of means of communicative strategies realization in terms of their diversity, and in terms of their explicitness/implicitness is noted. The role of corresponding meanings markers discernment has been emphasized in indirect communication as part of communication in general. It is important in the communication process for understanding indirect communication to study non-verbal means as a hidden source of informative material, independent of the semantics of speech, and that means having increased reliability. Non-verbal means play a special role in decoding indirect communication in the field of diplomatic relations. Markers implementing covert communication are such deviations from the original behavioral, emotional, bodily and behavioral norms of human like agitation, change of clothing style, facial expressions, manner of smoking, and contradictions between verbal and non-verbal actions. The ability to decode visual and non-verbal information, as well as features of paralinguistic aspect of communication is the key to its effectiveness. At the same time, paralinguistic funds may implement indirect communication in violation of generally accepted social norms or originality of a person's behavior. The norm of originality can become a conduit for indirect communication, carrying the potential for conflict, not only at its violation or deviation from it, but when you apply the intensity, excessiveness; when realized its ambivalent character
167 kb

THE SEMANTIC FEATURES OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE CONCEPT OF “MUSLIM WORLD” IN THE INTERNET SPACE

abstract 1221608039 issue 122 pp. 537 – 553 31.10.2016 ru 5
The article deals with the specifics of verbal actualization of the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” in the modern English-speaking discourse. Based on the achievements of cognitive linguistics and cultural linguistics, it is possible to research the concept of “Muslim World” as a phenomenon of the English linguistic culture. The author notes the concept can be submitted directly via the meaning of “MUSLIM WORLD” or by its connotation. The means of a nominative, descriptive and expressive realization of the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” are described using the material of 100 pieces of contemporary Englishlanguage discourse, which actualize the concept “MUSLIM WORLD”. The author concludes the concept is treated as a multidimensional construct of thought, reflecting the knowledge of the surrounding reality, the process and the result of human activity, experience and knowledge about the world, containing the information about it. Cognitive-discursive analysis permits to set the content and the structure of the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” not only in the conditional but also in the discursive spaces in cooperation with nominative, descriptive and expressive realization. The author makes a conclusion the concept “MUSLIM WORLD” appears in the American print mass media from a negative sight - this is the result of a lack of public awareness about the cultural heritage of the Islamic world, its customs, and key problems
123 kb

SUFFIXATION AS A PRODUCTIVE WAY OF TERM-FORMATION

abstract 1221608068 issue 122 pp. 971 – 981 31.10.2016 ru 7
This work deals with the characteristics of suffixation as on of the most productive ways of termformation. Linguistic study and description of the term-forming system in the natural science terminology is relevant because suffixation as a cognitive-derivational mechanism of a language is not being studied closely enough, although it is necessary due to a rapid development of numerous terminological and subject areas. There is a pressing need felt in terminology studies to define and describe productive methods and primary ways of producing substantive terms in the natural science terminology, because it holds a special interest for humanity. The processes of suffixal term derivation of substantives in the natural science terminology are important cognitive processes in scientific worldview development and a national language in general. The processes of suffixal term derivation have a specific quality that allows reflecting the categorical affiliation of the term in its structure. Terms derived suffixally can be categorised into three terminological modules for suffixal derivation that are formed based on a common root, suffix or a derivational model. The study of the derivational mechanisms of termformation in the natural science terminology (chemistry, mineralogy, geology, Pharm, etc.) based on a noun allows to say that the suffixation is one of the most productive ways of forming derived terms. A suffix acts as a special cognitive-derivational code in the derivational relations system holding and actualizing specific information
Social Sciences and Humanities
16 articles
292 kb

ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF WARM WATER DISCHANGE OF GUSINOOZERSKAYA GRES ON THE ICE REGIME OF GUSINOE LAKE (IN THE WESTERN TRANSBAIKALIA)

abstract 1161602022 issue 116 pp. 298 – 305 29.02.2016 ru 418
The article is devoted to the assessment adverse effects of Gusinoozerskaya GRES on the ecosystem of Lake Gusinoe. It shows the dynamics of the ice regime of Lakes Gusinoe near Gusinoozerskaya GRES. Is noted that industrial pollution reduces the quality of the water in the lake
357 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1121508142 issue 112 pp. 1988 – 1998 30.10.2015 ru 810
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and in Russia in general, such as charter programs to the Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
341 kb

GNSS-BASED TRANSPORT INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION EFFECTIVITY IN TOURISM IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1121508143 issue 112 pp. 1999 – 2007 30.10.2015 ru 592
The main goal of this article is to study tourists transport service cost optimization possibility
Social Sciences and Humanities
317 articles
174 kb

SITUATIONAL APPROACH AS AN ACTIVITY OF A SUBJECT OF MEDIATION PROCEDURES IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS

abstract 1221608038 issue 122 pp. 520 – 536 31.10.2016 ru 5
This article is devoted to the situational approach to the crime aspect of goal-setting activities of a mediator in criminal proceedings. It discusses the mechanisms of reconciliation of the parties in criminal proceedings in the framework of a mediation procedure or application of mediation procedures of the parties of the criminal proceeding under applicable criminal procedure of law. Mediation is considered in the context of situational modeling and creating a system of activities of parties to the proceedings depending on mediablity or remediability of the situation. We analyze current criminal procedural legislation in the sphere of reconciliation on criminal cases of private and private-public prosecution. We have suggested considering a new direction for tactical activities of participants in the proceedings and tactical aspects in the framework of the procedural powers to reconcile the parties, and situational modeling in the framework of its application in the mediation process. In addition, there was given legal and scientific analysis of the possible tactical aspects of the use of mediation procedures in criminal proceedings. A new direction in the tactical aspect of the activities of all participants in criminal proceedings has been presented, which is a tactic of the application of mediation procedures. The process of potential reconciliation of the parties is considered in the context of the situational approach, and the activity of neurotransmitters, through case studies, depending on the possibility of reconciliation between the victim and the suspect. We have proposed a new scientific classification of situations, depending on the possibility or impossibility of the use of mediation procedures
185 kb

RESTRICTIONS AND RESPECT FOR THE PRINCIPLE OF IMMUNITY OF THE RIGHT OF THE PRIVATE PROPERTY IN CASE OF THE ADDRESS OF COLLECTION ON SEPARATE TYPES OF PROPERTY

abstract 1221608072 issue 122 pp. 1046 – 1063 31.10.2016 ru 5
In the article, we have performed an analysis of respect for the principle of immunity of the right of a private property in case of the address of a claim to property. Restrictions of the principle of immunity are shown concerning both property objects, and concerning competences of the owner that in case of proper approach from the legislator is not violation of the rights and interests of the person. The unique premises can act as a subject of the address of collection of debts of the testator. It is established that the size of the money which isn't subject to collection shall be determined living at least by the territorial subject of the Russian Federation, and also funds for expenses for acquisition of necessary medicines and the equipment shall be in addition guaranteed. Shortcomings and contradictions in case of regulation of the bases of the address of collection on separate types of property are revealed, suggestions for improvement of these provisions are made
118 kb

SOME QUESTIONS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ELECTRONIC CERTIFICATE OF A CRIMINALIST SPECIALIST'S RESEARCH

abstract 1221608084 issue 122 pp. 1274 – 1283 31.10.2016 ru 5
In this scientific article, the author deals with the application of specialized knowledge are competent persons (experts, specialists, forensic specialists) in modern law enforcement in various forms: procedural and non-procedural. The development of various information technology, hardware and collecting evidentiary information devices, as well as their application in day-to-day activities of bodies of inquiry (investigation) and operational units are by far enough effective activity. In this connection, there was a need for amending and supplementing the existing legislation the Russian Interior Ministry, some ordering process handling documents in the preliminary investigation as a whole. The author indicates the responsibilities of forensic units of internal affairs bodies as in the conduct of investigative actions and operational-search activity. At the end of the article, the author proposes an electronic form of the certificate of the expert forensic investigation in which are reflected issues of application of technical means in the course of the investigation, the rights and duties, as well as the responsibility of the forensic specialists, which provides a modern criminal procedure and criminal legislation of the Russian Federation, however, it has not so far reflected in existing regulations Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia
Social Sciences and Humanities
214 articles
201 kb

ON ONE OF THE APPROACHES TO ENHANCING THE MOTIVATION OF STUDENTS TO EDUCATIONAL AND EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES THROUGH THE RATING SYSTEM

abstract 1221608052 issue 122 pp. 747 – 756 31.10.2016 ru 5
The problems of increasing the motivation of students of organizations of secondary vocational education and higher education to educational and training activities is due to the use of score-rating approach to recording achievements. The article examines factors that have a negative impact on training and outside training activities, such as TV entertainment, online games, social networks. We consider the activities that have a positive impact on the educational and training activities outside, such as volunteer work, scientific work, socially useful activity. We analyze the advantages and disadvantages of traditional approaches to increase the motivation of students on the basis of a three-level scholarships. The article reveals problems of placing information on the ranking of students in online news sites on educational organizations and media stands. The problems associated with the "transparent" scheme of formation of students rated by forming a student's portfolio have been considered as well. We have given a scheme of a fixed valuation of activities of pupils in points and a formula for calculating the scholarships for student achievements in education and trainings, as well as in volunteer activities. An example of the appearance of a prototype automated system for recording pupils' achievements has been presented. The article also shows data on the implementation of the prototype in educational institutions
112 kb

PREPARING SEVENTH-GRADERS FOR THE PROOF WHEN TEACHING GEOMETRY

abstract 1221608066 issue 122 pp. 952 – 959 31.10.2016 ru 4
The article describes the basic terms and tools of the organization of training preparing students for independent implementation of a deductive proof in the seventh grade
123 kb

ADAPTATION OF GRADUATES OF AGRICULTURAL COLLEGES FOR PROFESSIONAL WORK

abstract 1221608074 issue 122 pp. 1075 – 1083 31.10.2016 ru 6
The article highlights the issues of preparation of college graduates to the profession, to a market economy and the labor market; economic and social integration of young people includes the formation of professional qualities, commitment to quality work, a positive attitude to the changes in the production, teamwork, entrepreneurial development abilities, initiative and responsibility. The essence of psycho-pedagogical support was revealed. In psychological and educational literature, a psycho-pedagogical support is regarded as a system of professional activity which provides the creation of conditions for successful human adaptation to its conditions of life; psycho-pedagogical support of the educational process includes pedagogical and psychological patterns of training and education, tried and tested techniques and technologies, experience of teaching staff in practice. The aim of psycho-pedagogical support in terms of vocational education is to create an enabling environment for a successful personal development, ensuring social and professional self-determination, self-realization and the formation, preservation of psychological health of participants in the educational process. The work of the graduates to adapt to the professional activity was carried out on the basis of GAOU JSC SPA "Chernoyarsky provincial College" in the Astrakhan region
Health Sciences
39 articles
165 kb

HIFU: PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION IN ONCOUROLOGY

abstract 1221608019 issue 122 pp. 264 – 277 31.10.2016 ru 6
Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most frequently malignant neoplasms in the worldwide male population. Back in the 90's began a promising noninvasive method of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as an alternative to radical prostatectomy for the treatment of localized prostate cancer was used. Information about the destructive histological effect by HIFU has been known since the 1930, however, the clinical implementation of this technology due to the absence at the time visualization capabilities for monitoring during the procedure has been postponed. In this paper, an overview of published data on the HIFU clinical application in prostate cancer as a major, "saving" and focal therapy. Examples of a favorable combination of this method are also provided with pharmacological agents. Based on the analysis of clinical data, we can say that HIFU is a good alternative minimally invasive therapeutic modality for patients with prostate cancer who are not candidates for radical prostatectomy. Applying of HIFU is possible as a treatment option with local recurrence after external radiotherapy, with careful selection of patients is important, depending on prognostic factors
141 kb

THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF CTCs IN COLORECTAL CANCER PATIENTS DEPENDING ON THE CHOICE OF SURGICAL INTERVENTION

abstract 1221608073 issue 122 pp. 1064 – 1074 31.10.2016 ru 5
Mortality from malignant diseases is directly linked to early metastasis and relapse. It is now possible to identify individual tumor cells in bone marrow biopsies and peripheral blood. Colorectal cancer is one of the leading places in the structure of cancer incidence and mortality, both in Russia and around the world. Studies have shown that after surgery the ability of tumor cells to the dissemination and implantation increases. The work contains 30 patients with the verified colorectal cancer with metastasis to the liver. To determine the CSC we have applied an analysis technology in CellSearch System ™ (Janssen Diagnostics, LLC). Our study of the number and frequency of detection of circulating tumor cells in peripheral blood of patients and control group demonstrates the reduction in the number of CTCs during laparoscopic surgery and changing the dynamics of the level of tumor cells in the form of reduction from the stage of the mobilization of the drug due to minimally invasive access, minimizing manipulation in the projection of the tumor and as a consequence, preventing the release into the blood stream of single tumor cells
176 kb

ROLE OF PLASMAPHERESIS AND XENON THERAPY IN CORRECTING THE ACUTE EFFECTS OF SURGICAL MENOPAUSE IN PATIENTS WITH CERVICAL CANCER

abstract 1171603029 issue 117 pp. 475 – 489 31.03.2016 ru 226
The article analyzes the effectiveness of plasmapheresis and xenon therapy in 40 patients with gynecological cancer who underwent surgery in the amount of extended panhysterectomy about cervical cancer, who developed signs of post-castration syndrome in the immediate postoperative period. The content of gonadotropic pituitary hormones was determined in the blood of patients with cervical cancer and healthy women - follicule-stimulating, luteinizing hormones, prolactin; steroid hormones: estradiol, testosterone, cortisol; thyroid hormones. It is found that xenon therapy has a more pronounced antistress, hormone-modulating, sedative and antidepressant effect and is more preferable to treat post-castration syndrome. Performing of plasmapheresis in this aspect is most justified in patients with concomitant metabolic syndrome
Health Sciences
69 articles
141 kb

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF SPERM FUNCTIONAL PARAMETERS OF SHEEP NORTH CAUCASIAN BREED WHEN YOU MAKE IT TO THE MEDIA FOR IN VITRO FERTILIZATION

abstract 1211607054 issue 121 pp. 907 – 916 30.09.2016 ru 70
The article presents the use of intensive methods of diet herd reproduction that will increase the productivity and profitability of the sheep industry. One of such methods is in vitro fertilization (IVF). For the success of in vitro fertilization procedure, an important requirement is the availability of highquality nutrient media, which help to preserve the genetic material and contribute to the further development of the zygote. The main requirement to the media for sperm is the ability of media not to cause their agglutination. The aim of our work was to search for new ways to reduce the agglutination of spermatozoa in the preparation of freshly prepared sperm in the process of production of embryos in vitro. To eliminate the agglutination of spermatozoa in the semen preparation stage, we used GCY medium, followed by demolition of seed in SOFw environment, which has resulted in a significant (almost 15 times!) reduce of the number of bound sperm. In our opinion, a decrease in agglutination in GCY buffer was connected with a specific influence of the constituent components of sperm. Conclusion: Thus, our method of preparation of freshly prepared sperm for in vitro fertilization allows a sharp decline in sperm agglutination, which will improve the fertility of eggs during the production of embryos in vitro sheep
557 kb

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AUTOLOGOUS DERMAL FIBROBLASTS OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF AGRICULTURAL ANIMALS

abstract 1211607055 issue 121 pp. 917 – 928 30.09.2016 ru 67
The level of development of modern medical equipment for the past 20-30 years is in constant development, many of the technologies and methods of treatment of certain diseases that were previously only available for the treatment of a person with success began to penetrate in the veterinary practice. The objective aim at the initial stage was the establishment of testing and suitability for the cultivation of autologous dermal fibroblasts animals of previously known techniques and the modernization of the existing techniques. Next, we had to carry out measurements of morphometric parameters and to identify structural features and functional activity of fibroblasts of different kinds of agricultural animals. Conclusions: The study showed the conducted morphometric autologous dermal fibroblasts tests allowed us to obtain the correlation line. In addition, to identify common patterns in the development and growth of fibroblasts derived from different species of agricultural animals. And also, to obtain material for comparative evaluation of the quality of the obtained cell cultures using entropy equivalent
139 kb

THE CAUSAL AND INVESTIGATORY FACTORS OF FUNCTIONAL DISORDERS OF UTERUS AND OVARIES AT COWS ON INDUSTRIAL FARMS

abstract 1211607112 issue 121 pp. 1809 – 1817 30.09.2016 ru 70
According to the title, the article describes the causes and contributing factors of functional disorders of the uterus and ovaries at cows. The authors specified the percentage incidence of these animals’ pathologies in some farms of Krasnodar Region, especially in industrial complexes. Studies have shown that acute postpartum endometritis has a definite influence on the functional disorders of the ovaries at cows. Authors have found that the cows via 2-4 months after calving with ovarian hypofunction in early postnatal period have had purulent-catarrhal endometritis in 87.9%, fibrinous - in 12% of cases. At cows which have had persistent corpus luteum in 54.6% of cases was registered purulent-catarrhal endometritis, in 27.6% - fibrinous, in 17.8% - necrotizing metritis. At cows with ovarian cysts fibrinous endometritis was observed in 63.2% of cases, necrotizing metritis - in 36.7%. Thus, the more severe form of uterine inflammation was observed in cows, the more severe form of ovarian functional disorders observed in them. The authors found that any factors which negatively acting on the central nervous system or hormone levels, directly or indirectly, sharply reduce the reproductive function of animals
Social Sciences and Humanities
11 articles
190 kb

ABOUT POETRY OF THE COUNTRIES OF ASIA IN THE REGION OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN IN THE RUSSIAN TO VOCAL LYRICS OF THE XX CENTURY

abstract 1211607091 issue 121 pp. 1487 – 1503 30.09.2016 ru 63
The article is devoted to the characteristic of poems of east poets (Japan, China, Korea) on which vocal cycles were written by the Russian composers of the XX century. It becomes perceptible that the appeal to east poetry became a tendency, which appeared during the era of the Silver age of the Russian culture. The reasons of the origin of this tendency were revealed. The names of I. Stravinsky, S. Vasilenko, M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, D. Shostakovich, G. Sviridov, S. Slonimsky, L. Grabovsky, A. Nemtin, A. Raskatov, D. Smirnov, V. Kikta, G. Belov, G. Firtich, I. Ostromogilsky, etc. are given as an example of its implication. The large-scale literary list includes poetic of Ancient Chinese poetry, Japanese ancient (medieval) poetry, classical Korean poetry, folklore verses. In the conclusion, typical lines of vocal cycles on these poetic works are shown. The center of this poetry is images of the nature, communication with it of inner world of the person. This poetry is distinguished by a reserved manner of the embodiment of rich inner world, thin psychological gradation. Other figurative constants – love collisions, philosophical reflections about meaning of life, loneliness, exile. They are embodied emotionally frostily, laconically by means of expression
155 kb

ROLE OF AN INTERTEXT IN D. D. SHOSTAKOVICH’S OPERA “GAMBLERS”

abstract 1171603042 issue 117 pp. 664 – 675 31.03.2016 ru 222
We investigate D. D. Shostakovich's opera “Gamblers” is in the context of an intertext. In this opera, the psychological drama develops; this complex artistic task is solved largely thanks to masterful introduction of a variety of intertextual links. “Gamblers” is an example of recitative opera with an intense, “passionate” vocal style and flexible technique ranging from secco to a gushy accompagnato. The text directs melodic development and intertextual links. The appeal to a method of the intertextual analysis opens interaction between “Gamblers” and their dialogue with musical classics and other Shostakovich’s works. Own creativity and the whole layer of classical works first of all acts as donor texts: operas style bel canto, opera-buffa, D. Verdi’s opera “La traviata”, Russian recitative opera – A. S. Dargomyzhsky, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, M. P. Mussorgsky, works by A. P. Borodin, P. I. Tchaikovsky, and of painter and literary texts – P. A. Fedotov, A. S. Pushkin, L. N. Tolstoy, F. M. Dostoevsky. The intertextual artistic methods, enabled by Shostakovich express a complex psychological content
183 kb

PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION OF MUSICAL EDUCATION

abstract 1171603085 issue 117 pp. 1303 – 1316 31.03.2016 ru 237
The article explores the main types of musical education. We created a table of classification based on the experience of world and Russian culture, personal educational experience. The classification table shows the main features of music education and provides brief comments for each species. We show the multiplicity and multidimensionality of the types of educational activities. Educational activities were classified into nine types of classification: form, volume, organizational complexity, subject, audience, socioeconomic status, genres, performing music composition, connection with media space. It is noted that the main forms are musical-educational lecture and educational concert. Other forms derive from these main types. The article made an important conclusion: music education should be considered a form of communication between musicians and listeners, which along with the aesthetic component plays an important role cognitive component aimed at the formation of the musical (or artistic) culture of the public
Social Sciences and Humanities
6 articles
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 66
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
406 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’s CREATIVE METHOD (the main milestones of the architect’s biography in the context of the Baltic Region architecture development in terms of cult architecture)

abstract 1191605049 issue 119 pp. 677 – 689 31.05.2016 ru 75
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-on-Don city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
1356 kb

CONCEPTUAL MODEL OF STAGED FORMATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL CREATIVE METHOD OF AN ARCHITECT

abstract 1171603041 issue 117 pp. 648 – 663 31.03.2016 ru 256
The article considers the development of a model of gradual formation of individual creative method of an architect in the propaedeutic level since preuniversity stage (with the involvement of distance training) and its continuity of the first courses of architectural disciplines in high school in terms of the Rostov school of architecture. There have been examined some studies by Nechaev N.N. and Sulimenko S.D. at the architectural department of the Far Eastern Technical University, that have revealed a non-linear nature of the formation of spatial thinking and the need to develop a systematic approach in the propaedeutic phase of training. These studies formed the basis of a new conceptual model. A list of the input competence requirements for applicants entering architectural universities to ensure the quality of training at university propaedeutic phase is done. Methodological feature of the Rostov school of architecture, which is both a synthesis of problems in the field of threedimensional composition and design problems is revealed, as well as a combination of methods of modeling and manual architectural drawing with computer graphics (SketchUp, CorelDraw, Photoshop, AutoCad). The schemes of a number of separate stages of the formation of individual creative method of the architect, as well as the general scheme of the whole conceptual model is given
Social Sciences and Humanities
50 articles
138 kb

LEADERSHIP QUALITIES AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT IN THE FUTURE LEADERS OF STATE AND MUNICIPAL STRUCTURES

abstract 1201606080 issue 120 pp. 1211 – 1222 30.06.2016 ru 80
Every year leadership becomes more important personal value. A real leader must have a special approach to people, ability to motivate, to instruct staff on the correct way to exercise the administrative skills and leadership qualities. To be a good leader is not easy! First of all, you need to work constantly on ourselves. The research urgency is caused by necessity of revealing of the student's leadership abilities and their improvement. The article analyzes and prospects of development of leadership qualities of future managers – students of the management faculty of the Kuban State Agrarian University. As indicators of leadership development there were used: intellectually – creative, organizational, social and communicative. The analysis showed that the students of the faculty of management are not well developed personal qualities, that necessary for the modern Manager. In this regard, the article proposed a number of activities on the development of leadership qualities, communication and organizational skills of students. The problem is a considerable interest for the social community. Developing student's leadership qualities and the whole complex of measures on formation of effective leadership in Russia will contribute to the qualitative renewal of the country
178 kb

THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OF SEPARATION IN DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PSYCHOLOGY

abstract 1191605039 issue 119 pp. 539 – 552 31.05.2016 ru 75
The article surveys the process of psychological separation from parents in the student's age. Relevance of the research topic is connected with the existing problems in the modern student environment, which include the general trends of the late maturation in adolescents (infantilization): extension of childhood, low achievement motivation, the lack of desire for selfdevelopment, unwillingness to take responsibility for their own lives. The importance of the theme is emphasized by a number of age problems. Without solving these problems, individual development is almost impossible. The authors give the analysis of the theoretical concepts of separation problems in the domestic and foreign psychology, examine the concept of separation in the context of different approaches to its study. Based on the research, the definition of separation is formulated. Separation individuation processes are discussed in the psychoanalytic direction, through the family system therapy, the study of the level of intergenerational relations in the dichotomy of "proximity - gap", the establishment of the sovereignty of the individual, the formation of psychological space. On the basis of the theoretical analysis the authors categorize the types of separation as contradictory or ambivalent, successful, crisis, conflict categorization and give the characteristics of each type and its impact on the resolution of the separation conflict
150 kb

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPIRITUAL SPACE

abstract 1181604042 issue 118 pp. 746 – 757 29.04.2016 ru 231
The article shows that the formation of human spirituality comes in initially existing spiritual space. The author identifies the elements of spiritual space: the moral norm, which is the basis of morality, giving the actions of human moral coloring; system of spiritual and moral values that are absorbed by man, from childhood; spiritual culture. Spiritual culture is represented by four areas: projective, cognitive, valueoriented human activities and spiritual communion. The author points out that the man, turning in the spiritual space, acquires moral standards and spiritual culture, and forms a system of moral values. This forms the inner spiritual world that exists in the spiritual unity of space and time, and characterizes the appearance of the spiritual man field. Spiritual field is represented by a system of meanings; there are emerging mechanisms of development of the individual spirituality. In the spiritual field includes spiritual and moral feelings and experiences. The core of the spiritual field - is the human need for selfrealization of the potential of spiritual possibilities. Spiritual space exists not only in the present and in the past and the future. Being in the spiritual space means that people should follow the spiritual and moral laws and have spiritual needs
Social Sciences and Humanities
5 articles
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 6
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 5
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
241 kb

METHODIC OF A MODERN MILITARY SERVICEMAN'S PROFESSIONAL ORIENTA-TION EVALUATION

abstract 1081504074 issue 108 pp. 1008 – 1018 30.04.2015 ru 826
To the present stage, the process of becoming contract soldier professionals lasts up to 10 years or more, which is impermissible for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. One of the elements of a professional orientation of soldiers under contract is its evaluation. In the study, the authors have proposed evaluation methodology of professional orientation of contract soldiers. The validity and reliability assessment of the proposed methodic was carried out in two stages: stage 1 - respondents survey according to the methodic of M. Rokeach and getting their individual profiles; stage 2 - predicting the level of respondents professional military orientation, based on the assessment of proximity (conformity) of the respondents' individual profiles of value orientations to owned reference profiles. The evaluation of the internal (criterion) validity technique was performed as assessing the validity of the relationship between the influence and the observed results and the possibility to use this relationship to predict respondent's actions in future. Reliability of the methodic was assessed by three indicators. For all the indications we have obtained the results, showing the retest reliability of the proposed methodology of evaluation of military-professional orientation
Social Sciences and Humanities
36 articles
204 kb

REVIVAL OF PRESTIGE OF MANY CHILDREN FAMILY BY MEANS OF A STATE SUPPORT

abstract 1221608053 issue 122 pp. 757 – 772 31.10.2016 ru 6
In this article, a family is considered as a basis of modern society. As a result of the theoretical and methodological analysis, there was determined that a family is a form of a social system of a state making impact on the personality from birth to death, by means of formation and change of social, psychological, cultural, ethical bases, differing by means of united economic space, moral communications, interrelationships. Owing to social and economic, political, psychological changes of the country, the life of the population and the model of a family were changed, so the economy of family business turned into individual economy of societies that led to the development of a consumer relation of a society, economic recession, deterioration of ecological situation of environment. Proceeding from selective inspection of budgets of households, there was revealed that the more children in a family, the worse it’s standard of living, so in full families at the appearance of one child the standard of living decreases by 16%, the second child – for 30%, the third – for 50%. According to Rosstat, there was defined that the living conditions also depend on a number of children in a family. On average, better living conditions are at the citizens living lonely with 34 sq. m of living space, the share on a family from three people – 11 sq.m of living space on the person. Different forms of support are given for improvement of life quality of large families by the state. In the article, there was considered one of the key forms of the state support – improvement of living conditions of families having three and more children, namely granting of free of charge land plots in property and providing them with necessary infrastructure. There was offered the alternative mechanism of the solution of housing problems of large families which realization will allow to reduce a social inequality of different segments of the population, will provide the rejuvenation of the nation, both in demographic, and in socio-cultural value
141 kb

INFLUENCE OF HOUSING POLICY ON SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC SAFETY OF THE COUNTRY

abstract 1211607106 issue 121 pp. 1721 – 1731 30.09.2016 ru 70
In the article, we consider transformation of domestic households. The reasons of emergence of antinuclearization of a family are described and negative influence of these households on demographic safety of the state is revealed. Researches of the Russian scientists regarding changing of family structure of the population of Russia are considered and analyzed. We have proved an impact of housing problems on development of structure of a family. The basic principles of a state policy providing the solution of housing questions are offered
148 kb

ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS

abstract 1211607117 issue 121 pp. 1864 – 1876 30.09.2016 ru 70
In the article, we consider the influence of mass media on relationship of society with public authorities. As a result of the theoreticmethodological analysis the place of the press in modern society is designated, namely, we revealed that mass media are the specialized state institute having continuously developing technical and creative potential influencing providing the world and progress of a civilization. Impact of mass media on economic and political consciousness of the population is proved. For a sustainable development of the region, the mechanism providing by means of mass media effective interaction of citizens with authorities is offered
Social Sciences and Humanities
18 articles
159 kb

ETHNO SEPARATIST TERRORISM IN WEST EUROPE

abstract 1181604072 issue 118 pp. 1139 – 1153 29.04.2016 ru 267
For the purpose of this article, the analysis of the development of ethnoseparatism in West Europe has been undertaken. Under current conditions, the ethnical separatism threatens national security of series of European countries and territorial integrity. Special attention has been paid to social and political beginnings and causes of terrorism in Spain and Great Britain. The activity of such terrorist organizations as IRA and ETA has been researched. Ideological basis of violence, purposes and objectives, as well as the main stages of formation and development of these organizations have been disclosed. The author states that the use of the terrorism as a method of political struggle is destructive and does not facilitate a solution to the national problems. We have also considered approaches of the governments to solve the problems of separatism and terrorism on the territory of these countries. In their counter-terrorism efforts political leaders of Spain and Great Britain have used both methods of force and political and legal methods, namely, granting to the regions of wide economical and political independence, preservation of authentic cultural values and language of indigenous people. The formation of violence intolerance in public conscience as control method has become the main direction of the antiterrorist policy in the countries under consideration. Anti-terrorist model which has been developed by the European countries can be effective and useful for the regions being in ethnopolitical conflicts
148 kb

TO THE PROBLEM OF INTERNATIONAL LEGITIMIZATION OF NEW STATES: POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS

abstract 1171603037 issue 117 pp. 600 – 611 31.03.2016 ru 255
The article is devoted to the problem of legitimization of new states that came into be in the post-socialist period as a result of secession processes. The relevance of this topic is accounted for by the intensification of these processes in various parts of the world and the ensuing quest of the new polities for independence and recognition. These processes reflect a historically grounded discrepancy between the need of the people in the new states for self-identification and the desire to keep their territorial integrity intact. This is aggravated by the fact that political and legal settlement of the problem of international recognition of the new polities has so far not been achieved. This leads to various conflicts, misunderstanding and the policy of double standards. The key idea consists in the following: a fully valid legitimacy of power in the “de facto”, or “contested” states cannot be achieved through the internal recognition of power alone, without the external constituent – the international recognition of the new polity. The article also focuses on the interpretation of various names attributed to such polities, especially those that sprang up on the post-soviet territories. A special attention is devoted to highly contested conceptual and legal approaches to the problem, subject for discussions in the politicolegal sphere
181 kb

MAIN PRINCIPLES OF FORMATION YOUTH MEDIUM UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE INSTITUTIONAL SPHERE

abstract 1171603065 issue 117 pp. 1015 – 1031 31.03.2016 ru 279
The article focuses on how to define the notion of youth as it is considered today, and is aimed to reveal the main social functions in this category, such as educational, professional, cultural, and others, depending on particular historical conditions. A high-demand model of focusing young people's attention on numerous tasks and contemporary challenges the modern society faces is described within the context of the youth leadership concept. This results in working out some strategic programmes and training courses. The peculiarities of the youth labor market give the opportunity to integrate into the market economy and form young people's attitude to labor. The crucial point is to figure it out how the modern system of youth involvement can be correlated with some structural components that determine common competitive features and preferences of the young generation. A resource-balanced approach to organizing quality labor and social activity of the young generation is presented in the article
Social Sciences and Humanities
19 articles
150 kb

THEMES AND MOTIVES OF ORNAMENT FOLK EMBROIDERY IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN XVIII CENTURY

abstract 1191605046 issue 119 pp. 642 – 652 31.05.2016 ru 74
The article discloses a feature of graphic ornamental motives of embroidery in clothing and household decoration, typical for the North-West region of Russia in the XVIII century. The semiotic status of the Russian clothing and household decorations with decorative ornaments embroidery with figurative ornamental motives as a group of functionally related items have remained very high, having both utilitarian and sign pragmatics for millennia. Despite the sociohistorical processes, changing the external shape of the suit, the symbolism of embroidery patterns remained unchanged and continued to exist until the twentieth century. In connection with the political events, readier subjects and fine motives can be traced in the Russian folk embroidery due to the resettlement of Novgorod in the XV century. This is the way from Novgorod to Arkhangelsk and the path from Veliky Novgorod to Vologda where Novgorod settled, keeping their culture. It is proved, that there is a correlation between the zoomorphic pendants, amulets female ornaments of the tenth century and plot embroidered with iconic ornamental motives of the North-West region of Russia. People piously observed the laws of their fathers and grandfathers. The embroidery from generation to generation has been portraying images of ancient mythology. The most common images in the northern Russian embroidery were the goddess of Mokos, Rozhanitsy, birds, horses, moose, deer, and wild animals and plants, depicted in subject compositions. The zoomorphic motives are also the images of flying dragons, symbolizing lightning, they are often found in Russian folk tales. Fire Dragon was considered the protector of property and fire. The people’s attitude to fire was special: it was called "You sir, the King-fire", and it was regards’ a god. One of the main roles in the embroidery is given to the technical side. Counted Russian embroidery stitches do not only recreate the image, but also express its essence
136 kb

DESIGN IN ACTUAL ADVERTISING DISCOURSE: SOCIAL AND CULTUREL MEANING AND FUNCTIONS

abstract 1141510034 issue 114 pp. 468 – 477 30.12.2015 ru 573
The article is devoted to the theoretical coverage of the actual system of modern humanitarian knowledge of design concepts and advertising discourse. Design theory and the concept of advertising discourse are considered in relation to the area of advertising communications, in terms of design technology. The article also gives definitions of the concepts of "design", "advertising discourse." It is concluded that the application of the theory of design and advertising discourse mastering concepts help to understand the mechanism of transmission of cultural meanings through its own figurative and graphic design tools
147 kb

MERCHANT’S TOWN MANSIONS IN THE KUBAN REGION: STYLE AND ORGANIZATION OF ENVIRONMENT (THE LATTER HALF OF THE XIX - THE EARLY 20TH CENTURIES)

abstract 1101506027 issue 110 pp. 402 – 414 30.06.2015 ru 952
In the article, the features of style and environmental organization of merchant’s mansion in the Kuban Region are studied. Using the different evidential materials the authors describe the artistic preferences of merchants and noblemen, those were fixed in the buildings’ architecture of the surveying historical period
Physical Sciences and Engineering
17 articles
172 kb

THE ROLE OF LAND, WATER AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE CONFLICTS IN AFRICA AND THE WAY FORWARD

abstract 1221608020 issue 122 pp. 278 – 291 31.10.2016 ru 5
The scarcity of natural resources has become a serious problem in terms of security in the world. This article examines the role of the limited resources in conflicts in Africa. The main source of conflict is the issue of control of resources and the right to a healthy environment. Here we consider the case of the regional conflicts in the African context. A large number of major rivers in Africa also have been the cause of conflicts between the riparian countries. However, most of these problems have been successfully solved, and in many cases, this process led to the formation of regional blocs for economic and diplomatic cooperation in the region. In addition to inter-State disputes, there are also internal disputes among regions or states within the same country for the control of resources. However, in some cases these regions have developed wellcoordinated approaches to resolving the disputes: either by judicial apportionment, congressional action or based on negotiated compacts. In general, we believe that a careful application of equitable resource-sharing formula to volatile areas is a basic condition for peace and stability in Africa
2613 kb

APPLICATION OF CLIMATIC INDICES FOR EVALUATION OF REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS

abstract 1211607016 issue 121 pp. 425 – 448 30.09.2016 ru 68
In the article we consider the results of the study of climatic attractiveness of the South of Russia from the point of view of tourism development. Formal definition of attractiveness was reached by using a wide spread concept of climatic indices. Any climatic index is calculated by a set of medical and biological characteristics. The latter are defined on the basis of human physiology. Indices, which are used for evaluation of attractiveness of one or another region from the point of view of recreation and tourism, have certain peculiarities. Very often they are calculated using poorly formalized and arguable indications like psychological feeling of meteorological characteristics and even aesthetic perception. Taking into account above mentioned experience we have suggested a new approach for evaluation of climatic tourist indices basing on initial (standard 3 hour discretion) meteorological observations with maximum possible exclusion from a calculation scheme all subjective parameters. Our approach is based on a well-known method of Mieczkowski [4]. The method was developed more than 30 ears ago and is still widely applied. Our method allows objectively evaluate nonsmoothed index values because it takes into account combinations of meteorological characteristics with maximum available discretion during the day. A method demonstrated its capability for evaluation of regional variations in tourist attractiveness. We analyzed 40–year dynamics of attractiveness in the region being in the focus of the study
621 kb

INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEXITY OF ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE TERRITORIES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607129 issue 121 pp. 2031 – 2044 30.09.2016 ru 73
One of the main problems at engineering-geological researches is the choice of the most suitable territory for construction of designed projects and constructions. The most dangerous threat to the economy and the security of the Krasnodar region are geohazards. The article provides an expert evaluation of engineering-geological conditions of the territory, the map-scheme of evaluation of engineeringgeological zoning of the region. The characteristic is given to the engineering-geological taxons allocated on degree of usefulness of conditions
.