Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Physical Sciences and Engineering
362 articles
2310 kb

FUZZY MULTICLASS GENERALIZATION OF THE CLASSICAL F-MEASURE OF PLAUSIBILITY MODELS BY VAN RIJSBERGEN IN ASK-THE ANALYSIS AND THE SYSTEM OF "EIDOS"

abstract 1231609001 issue 123 pp. 1 – 29 30.11.2016 ru 42
Classic quantitative measure of the reliability of the models: F-measure by van Rijsbergen is based on counting the total number of correctly and incorrectly classified and not classified objects in the training sample. In multiclass classification systems, the facility can simultaneously apply to multiple classes. Accordingly, when the synthesis of the model description is used for formation of generalized images of many of the classes it belongs to. When using the model for classification, it is determined by the degree of similarity or divergence of the object with all classes, and a true-positive decision may be the membership of the object to several classes. The result of this classification may be that the object is not just rightly or wrongly relates or does not relate to different classes, both in the classical F-measure, but rightly or wrongly relates or does not relate to them in varying degrees. However, the classic F-measure does not count the fact that the object may in fact simultaneously belongs to multiple classes (multicrossover) and the fact that the classification result can be obtained with a different degree of similarity-differences of object classes (blurring). In the numerical example, the author states that with true-positive and true-negative decisions, the module similarities-differences of the object classes are much higher than for false-positive and false-negative decisions. It would therefore be rational to the extent that the reliability of the model to take into account not just the fact of true or false positive or negative decisions, but also to take into account the degree of confidence of the classifier in these decisions. In the intellectual system called "Eidos", which is a software toolkit for the automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis), we use initially proposed by its developers measure of the reliability of the models, which is essentially a fuzzy multiclass generalization of the classical F-measure (it is proposed to call it the L-measure). In this article, L-measure is mathematically described and its application is demonstrated on a simple numerical example
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MANAGEMENT OF THE FINANCIAL AND THE ECONOMIC STATE OF A COMPANY USING A MATHEMATICAL MODEL

abstract 1231609017 issue 123 pp. 271 – 282 30.11.2016 ru 41
This article focuses on the mathematical modeling of evaluation of financial and economic activities of a company and on definition (based on this model) of such balance settings (line F1 and F2) which would make financial-economic indicators of the activities of the organization optimal, and the total cumulative score was the maximum. The knowledge and the use of the optimal parameters of the balance will allow the managers to plan strategy for the future development of the company. The article analyzes the dependencies of each of the 15 basic indicators (profitability, turnover, financial stability, liquidity and solvency) of financial and economic activity of the organization on the balance parameters. The optimal values of the parameters of the balance and the main indicators of financial and economic activities of the organization have been found. We have also built a mathematical model of optimal control of financial and economic indicators in the form of a problem of mathematical programming. For example, for the company called "Nika" it is shown the possibility of improving estimation of financial and economic condition of the organization. Knowledge of the optimal parameters of the balance will allow the managers to plan strategy for the future development of the organization. To solve this problem we have used the method of generalized reduced gradient implemented in Excel, with which there was found a maximum of the objective function for the article restrictions. The article describes the analysis algorithm of the optimization problem. A common assessment was carried out in stages, based on the calculation algorithm of sequentially improved target functions
362 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF THE REACTION OF DISSOCIATION / RECOMBINATION OF MOLECULES OF WATER ON TRANSPORTATION OF ELECTROLYTE 1: 1 IN MEMBRANE SYSTEMS IN THE DIFFUSION LAYER. PART 3. EVALUATION OF THE POSSIBILITY OF THE EMERGENCE OF GRAVITATIONAL CONVECTION

abstract 1231609018 issue 123 pp. 283 – 297 30.11.2016 ru 37
This article is a continuation of the previous works of the authors [The influence of reaction dissociation / recombination of molecules of water on transportation of electrolyte 1:1 in the membrane systems in the diffusion layer. Part 1. Mathematical model // Scientific journal of Kuban State Agrarian University, 2016. No. 07(121) and The influence of the reaction of dissociation / recombination of molecules of water on transportation of electrolyte 1: 1 in membrane systems in the diffusion layer. Part 2. Asymptotic analysis // Scientific journal of Kuban State Agrarian University, 2016. – №08(122)] and devoted to assessing the possibility of gravitational convection due to the recombination of hydrogen and hydroxyl ions. The article presents the solution of a boundary-value problem, which is a mathematical model of electrodiffusion for the four types of ions at the same time (two ions of salts and hydrogen and hydroxyl ions) in the diffusion layer in electro-membrane systems with ideal selective membrane, with the heat transfer equation and the Navier-Stokes equation. The article shows the possibility of the emergence of gravitational convection due to the exothermic reaction of recombination of water molecules in the depth of the solution. The article considered the reaction of recombination of hydrogen ions and hydroxyl, although the main results can be applied, after appropriate modifications, and to amfolit-containing solutions, such as wine, juices, dairy products, microbiological processing of biomass (amino acids, anions of polybasic carboxylic acids), municipal effluent (anions of phosphoric acid), etc.
Physical Sciences and Engineering
43 articles
258 kb

PERSPECTIVE MODIFIERS FOR ANIONEXCHANGE MEMBRANES BASED ON POLYMERS WITH QUATERNARY NITROGEN ATOMS, WHICH INCLUDED IN FIVE- AND SIX-MEMBERED HETEROCYCLIC RINGS

abstract 1231609085 issue 123 pp. 1256 – 1267 30.11.2016 ru 29
The present work describes the chemical synthesis of poly-N,N-diallyl pyrrolidinium bromide and polyN,N-diallyl morpholinium bromide - high-molecular compounds containing quaternary nitrogen atoms, which included in two five- and/or six-membered heterocyclic rings. These polymers are perspective modifiers for industrially produced anion-exchange membranes, the use of which should significantly improve the resistance to degradation of the membranes at over-limiting current regimes. The structure of obtained polymers was characterized by FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The optimal reaction conditions, which increase the yield of desired products, were defined. It is shown that is preferable to use 1-butanol as a solvent and benzoyl peroxide as an initiator
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SYNTHESIS OF SUBSTITUTED ISOXAZOLO[5,4-b]PYRIDINE AND THEIR ANTIDOTE ACTIVITY

abstract 1221608034 issue 122 pp. 471 – 480 31.10.2016 ru 82
To develop the novel herbicide antidotes for the sunflower vegetative plants, the group of chemical compounds, belonging to the derivatives of isoxalopyrazolopyridines was synthesized and their antidote activity both in the laboratory and field experiments was studied. The compounds with a high antidote effect were found
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INVESTIGATION OF ASCORBIC ACID ADSORPTION ON KSMG SILICA GEL

abstract 1191605091 issue 119 pp. 1356 – 1365 31.05.2016 ru 130
The article studies adsorption of ascorbic acid on KSMG silicagel. The experimental results, the basic thermodynamic characteristics of ascorbic acid adsorption on oxide silicon have been used for treatment of adsorption mechanism of ascorbic acid on silica KSMG. Results of the study ascorbic acid adsorption on silica gel KSMG may be used for further identification of it in the various objects
Life Sciences
472 articles
3641 kb

CREATION OF THE GENERALIZED IMAGES OF GENUS OF BUGS OF GROUND BEETLES (COLEOPTERA, CARABIDAE) ON THE BASIS OF THEIR TYPES IMAGES, USING THE ASKANALYSIS METHOD

abstract 1231609002 issue 123 pp. 30 – 66 30.11.2016 ru 33
In this article we consider application of the automated systemic and cognitive analysis (ASK-analysis), its mathematical model – a systemic information theory and the program tools realizing them – the intellectual Eidos system, for input (digitization) of images from graphic files, synthesis of the generalized images of classes, their abstraction, classification of the generalized images of classes (clusters and constructs), comparison of concrete images with the generalized images (identification) of classes, comparisons of classes with each other and creations of the generalized images of genus of ground beetles on the basis of images of the types. The new approach to digitization of images of ground beetles based on use of a polar frame, the center of weight of the image and its external contour is offered. Before digitization of images, their transformations standardizing the provision of images, their sizes and an angle of rotation can be applied. Therefore, the results of digitization and the ASK-analysis of images can be invariant (are independent) concerning their situation, the sizes and turn. There is a successful experience of the solution of similar tasks in other subject domains. This article can be considered as a continuation of series of the works devoted to application of the automated systemic and cognitive analysis (ASK-analysis) and its program tools – the Eidos system
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CHRONIC TOXICITY OF IMIDAZOLINONE HERBICIDE CALLED IMAZETHAPYR TO FRESHWATER ORGANISMS OF VARIOUS SYSTEMATIC GROUPS

abstract 1231609005 issue 123 pp. 90 – 101 30.11.2016 ru 34
The article presents the results on the effects of Imazethapyr herbicide on aquatic organisms. The chronic toxic effects have been studied of the imidazolinone herbicide in a concentration range of 0.4 - 1150 mg/l to the representatives of various groups of aquatic organisms: zoobenthos – great ramshorn snail (Planorbarius corneus), zooplankton - Daphnia (Daphnia magna Straus), phytoplankton - protococcal alga (Scenedesmus guadrigauda) and macrophytes - higher aquatic vegetation (Elodea canadensis Michx). It is shown that the herbicide does not have a pronounced lethal effect to aquatic organisms tested. Their respective LC50 values are > 1000, 680, 510 and 910. Elodea is shown to be most sensitive to its sublethal effects (decreased growth of lateral and main sprouts at a concentration of 10 mg/l and more), reduced fertility was observed in Daphnia at a concentration of 300 mg/l and above, and as to the great ramshorn snail no sublethal effects have been revealed for all the concentrations studied
1326 kb

INTRODUCTION OF NEW GRAPES VARIETIES TO THE IN VITRO CULTURE

abstract 1231609023 issue 123 pp. 339 – 346 30.11.2016 ru 34
Clonal micro-multiplication – is this the basic method of obtaining the qualitative virus-free planting material. The high quality specificity of the explants reaction of the grapes varieties to the composition of nutrient medium requires the individual selection of the medium components for the most successful multiplication in vitro. In the article we present the results of studies on the cultivation of the grapes apexes in vitro the modified medium with the reduced content of macrocells. As a result of conducted investigations we have established that for the grapes varieties of Academic Trubilin, Artemis, Gurman Kraynova, Maria Kallas, Nizina, Petit Verdo and Traminer Black the most effective introduction into the in vitro culture (acclimatization of apexes 80- 100%) occurs on modified nutrient medium to Murasige and Skoog (1962), by being differed in terms of the content macro-elements (mG/l): NH4NO3 – 1237; KNO3 – 1425; MgSO4 · 7N2O – 277,5; KN2PO4 · H2O – 277,5, of the vitamin Of v1 – 10,0 mG/l, nicotinic acid – 4 mG/l. Remaining varieties of Kishmish luchistiy, Preobrajenie, Roshfor K and Yubiley Novocherkasska in the same medium were developed slowly and in a different way
Physical Sciences and Engineering
19 articles
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 129
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 981
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
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STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE NaCI

abstract 1081504070 issue 108 pp. 962 – 973 30.04.2015 ru 1139
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore NaCI
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1474 articles
175 kb

EXPLORING THE POSSIBILITY OF OBTAINING PECTIN EXTRACTS OF HIGH PURITY

abstract 1231609004 issue 123 pp. 79 – 89 30.11.2016 ru 28
The article describes a possibility of obtaining food pectin extracts of high purity form secondary raw materials such as sunflower anthodiа. The relevance of the use of pectin extracts as independent products or as an ingredient in food products for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes is determined by the high complexing ability of pectin substances in the dissolved form, in comparison with the commercial powder pectin. The use of pectin extracts reduces the cost of the final product by reducing the number of technological procedures. As dried plant material is mainly used for the production of pectin and pectin extracts, the article presents the study of the swelling process of dried and crushed sunflower anthodiа. It is established that the inclusion of the swelling process as a separate technological process for the production of pectin extract from the sunflower anthodiа is impracticable. The study on further processing of vegetable raw materials by electroactivated water system (EAWS) to reduce the content of ballast substances in raw material in relation to pectin and increase the purity of pectin extract is also presented. Some processing options of sunflower anthodia with EAWS of various рН were considered as well. The decrease in the content of dry substances in the processing of plant material that characterizes the decrease in the number of ballast substances is shown. We have also calculated the purity of the obtained pectin extracts
827 kb

WAYS OF FURTHER MODERNIZATION OF VEHICLES FOR AN AGROINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

abstract 1231609009 issue 123 pp. 142 – 168 30.11.2016 ru 32
The role of transport in agricultural production is considerable. It is a connecting link in a single technological chain of the agroindustrial complex of the country (RF AIC). In intraeconomic transportation in the RF AIC, along with cars, we widely use tractors. Rational application of wheeled tractors in intraeconomic carriage substantiates the possibility of their movements both on asphalted and dirt roads. A specific share of tractor transport in domestic agriculture amounts 22-27% of the total transport transportations and 50-60% of intraeconomic carriage. There is a high level of the usage of tractor transport in Western European countries and in the United States. In farms of leading Western European countries (Germany, Italy, France and others.) there is about 70-90% of intraeconomic carriage performed by tractor transport. One of the most substantial and difficult tasks is to fight with damage and losses of agricultural production, in which a very responsible role has been assigned to automobile and tractor transport as an important link in the AIC. According to the analysis of materials for the preparation and use of potatoes and apples, more than 15-20% of the products do not reach the consumer. Low quality of the use of vehicles during transportation is a problem. Transport costs in the prime cost of produced products in rural areas reach 30-40% or more. Lowering them will further influence the development of the agroindustrial complex. Thus, the creation of new of scientifically grounded decisions in designs of vehicles for intraeconomic carriage that enhance preservation and performance of potato harvesting and apples in the conditions of Russia's AIC is the actual scientific and technical task. Its solution makes a significant contribution to the development of the country, as well as it contributes to the implementation of breakeven, competitive manufacture
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ANALYSIS OF METHODS OF DIAGNOSING OF FUEL EQUIPMENT FOR AUTOTRACTOR DIESEL ENGINES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF A MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF A HIGHPRESSURE FUEL PUMP

abstract 1231609010 issue 123 pp. 169 – 192 30.11.2016 ru 32
In agriculture the issue of enhancing the efficiency of operation of internal combustion engines (ICE), reducing the costs of maintenance (TO) and repairing (TP) fuel supply apparatus (TA) using the improvement of methods and means of diagnosis is a topical in connection with the aging rolling stock farming and lack of investment. Analysis of the known TA diesel engine vehicles systems showed that the most widespread system is the divided type with multiplunger high pressure fuel pump (fuel pump), while the methods of its diagnosing are laborious, they require partial disassembly and have insufficient accuracy. The mathematical models that characterize the work of a high-pressure fuel pump (fuel pump) use a large number of parameters that significantly affect the quality of dynamics of the change of pressure values of diesel fuel. However, in the materials of previously published articles there were no issues considered assessing the extent of the quantitative impact, performance and features change in the sensitivity settings of the mathematical models on the simulation results, there are no recommendations on the degree of sensitivity and importance of each of the parameters. For a more accurate diagnosis of the fuel supply apparatus of a diesel engine it is advisable to use several methods of diagnosing. The article substantiates development of a mathematical model of a high-pressure fuel pump based on the analysis of modern methods of diagnosing of fuel equipment for autotractor diesel engines
Life Sciences
953 articles
158 kb

BREEDING EARLY-RIPENING AND MIDDLE-EARLY HYBRIDS OF CORN WITH LOWER HARVEST MOISTURE OF THE GRAIN WHEN RIPE

abstract 1231609007 issue 123 pp. 113 – 126 30.11.2016 ru 33
The created hybrids with new lines and testers were studied in 2014-2015, in the conditions of the central zone of the Krasnodar region and the Central Black Earth Region (Voronezh and Belgorod regions). As a parent forms for selection of early ripening and Medium early corn hybrids there were used lines of various groups of ripeness of the ident heterosis group: Kr 714 Kr 740 Kr 757 Kr 651 Kr and 602. All of these lines had high combining ability, and the line 602 Cr was used as a donor for a quick return of moisture from the grain when ripening. With the participation of the lines from the collection of the Institute and the donor line, we have created four hybrid combinations on the basis of which, the selection was received by the five-year selection of new source material for breeding new hybrids of corn. The assessment of comutiny capacity of new lines was performed using a linetesters of the genetic institute collections of 721MV Cr, Cr 801MV, Kr 654 Kr 244MV, Cr 602MV, Kr and Kr 802MV 752. Lines testers were represented by a heterosis group of Lancaster, Stiff Stalk Synthetic and wide lines with a genetic basis. According to the guidelines of the State strain testing of crops, and as a result of the field experiment, we have calculated the energy savings for new early maturing corn hybrids in comparison with the standard ones. Saving energy for equivalent fuel from new hybrids of corn comparing to the standard for 1 ha of crop was due to their grain productivity and varied depending on the conditions of the Voronezh region from 81.4 to 101.5 kg, in the Krasnodar region it was 79,0-97,9 kg
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STUDY OF SOIL WATER REGIME ON VINEYARDS OF ANAPA - TAMAN SUBZONE

abstract 1231609016 issue 123 pp. 260 – 270 30.11.2016 ru 32
One of the limiting factors to obtain high yields of grape plantations in Anapa-Taman subzones with good quality is moisture. Grape plant adapts well to a limited amount of moisture in the soil. The penetration of roots deep into the soil horizons may reach 5-6 meters, provided with a moderate density of the soil and the lack of limiting factors such as the presence of ground water and limiting the content of toxic soluble salts. In the course of mathematical data processing we have established a trend of increasing average annual rate of precipitation in the period from 1932 to 2015. In the years when the amount of precipitation for the year exceeds the average long-term performance, the key amount of precipitation in the summer months in a downpour and in a limited area. Average annual amount of precipitation in the period from 1932 to 2015 was 519 mm, the minimum was recorded in 2002 (324 mm), the maximum - in 1981 (800 mm). Despite the general trend of increasing average annual rainfall over the years, moisture deficit is in the soil. Accounting of moisture saving dynamics in the soil in the 2015-2016's indicates the absence of moisture reserves. Optimal soil moisture values were observed only in May and June, and only half meter layer of soil. In the phase of growth and ripening berries (July, August, September) soil moisture content was much lower than the permissible value, which is comparable with the level of wilting point. For the stable-quality grape raw materials it is necessary to pay more attention to the water and the air regime of the soil
188 kb

RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE WINTER BARLEY VARIETIES ESTABLISHED IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1231609024 issue 123 pp. 347 – 365 30.11.2016 ru 32
Barley (hordeum vulgare) is a valuable food and forage crop. It is cultivated in the world on an area of about 60 million hectares. A major region of barley cultivation in the Russian Federation is the Southern Federal District. The variety is one of the main factors determining the demand for crop. To use the varieties effectively we must have a complex of economically valuable traits such as hardiness, resistance to lodging, disease and pest resistance. These traits make it possible to generate the harvest high and stable from year to year. The article is devoted to the analysis of winter barley varieties, created in the south of Russia from ancient times to the present day. The main achievements of the leading Russian breeding facilities and experienced breeders of scientists set out in chronological order. The article describes the methods and principles of selection (from individual selection to mutagenesis and complex selective breeding) used to breeding the new varieties of winter barley. The most attention is given to the outstanding varieties included to the mating program today
Social Sciences and Humanities
92 articles
163 kb

THE SUPREME COUNCIL OF THE KALMYK ASSR — THE SUPREME BODY OF THE STATE POWER OF THE REPUBLIC

abstract 1231609034 issue 123 pp. 506 – 520 30.11.2016 ru 30
This article deals with actual problems of the national structure of Kalmyk people in 1930-s years based on legislative documents and also problems of development and the adoption of the first Constitution of Kalmyk USDA (1937). The article focuses on the main features of this research. The adoption of the basic law of the Kalmyk republic was a big step in the social and political life in Kalmykia and in its constitutional history. This document included fundamental principles of the «constitution of proletariat government», peculiarities of Russian social class development, aims and objectives of national political structure in the Russian Federation. The basic law of the Kalmyk USDA was created on the basis of principles of the Constitution of the USSR and the Constitution of the RSFSR. The law secured social and government order of the Soviet Kalmykia. The procedure of governing and composition, the competence and authorities are disclosed and the work of the Supreme council of the Kalmyk USDA as the highest representative and legislative body in the context of the basic law of the Kalmyk republic. In the Constitution of the republic rights and freedom of nationals are fully reflected in accordance with the constitutional principles of the USSR. Finally the author concludes that in the administrative command system the basic features of rights and freedom of the peoples of the USSR in practice were not respected
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HISTORICAL SOURCES ON THE STUDY OF THE SYSTEM OF GOVERNING BODIES OF THE NATIONAL ECONOMY IN THE YEARS OF THE NEP

abstract 1231609076 issue 123 pp. 1091 – 1102 30.11.2016 ru 31
The offered article considers one of key problems of the Soviet history. It is an activity of governing bodies of the national economy in the period of the New Economic Policy in separately taken region — the Republic of Kalmykia. As a result of a research it is shown how archival materials and separate types of sources are used in studying of the designated problems, how the revealed sources interact between themselves in research works. The publication of new archival documents and their variety demonstrate that the new milestone begins in studying problems of governing bodies. It is connected not so much with specific updating of documents as with change of a technique of the analysis. The main attention begins to be paid to subjective factors and circumstances. In this regard further development of source base in studying of system of governing bodies in Kalmykia will be defined by modern ideas of the place and a role of the historical document in understanding of the past
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THE SOURCE TO STUDY THE SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN THE KALMYK STEPPES OF ASTRAKHAN PROVINCE IS BASED UPON HE DUTIES OF THE KALMYK PEOPLE

abstract 1231609111 issue 123 pp. 1630 – 1639 30.11.2016 ru 30
This article reviews the summary of the annual reports of the Horde branch of the Astrakhan chamber for state property and Management of the Kalmyk people, 1848-1892. The Author gave a detailed analysis of the serving duties of the Kalmyks who had the power de jure, on the basis of extensive factual material. It contains data on payment of taxes charged by the administration and established by the following legislative acts: by regulations on the management of the Kalmyk people dated 1834 and regulations for the management of the Kalmyk people dated April 23, 1847. The difference between these legislative acts was in determining the size of the duties. The administration was primarily interested in the total amount of salary collections and arrears for each type of individual duty and also as a whole across the steppe. Due to the specificity the analysis doesn’t show the whole picture of the duties which came under the control of the administration, not to mention those who were outside its competence. The reports represent accounts for the annual collection of arrears for each of the duties individually and also in the aggregate. The so-called statistics of the okladnoy and neokladnoy taxable estate is conditional in nature
Social Sciences and Humanities
1477 articles
236 kb

DEOFFSHORIZATION DETERMINANTS OF RUSSIAN ECONOMY: CURRENT TRENDS AND A MECHANISM OF IMPLEMENTATION

abstract 1231609003 issue 123 pp. 67 – 78 30.11.2016 ru 34
The article deals with the current deoffshorization problem of Russian business in the conditions of macroeconomic instability. The main incentives of business and private persons determining the national assets exports to the tax-exempt or low-tax jurisdictions are given. The dynamics of national capital outflow by the means of corporate and state sectors of the Russian economy is analyzed. Also the list of the offshore states which are considered as the most attractive to the Russian business is considered. Possible solutions to the national economy deoffshorization problem and key laws adopted by the Russian legislation for the solution to the specified problem are analyzed. In the conclusion the authors propose a national capital outflow forecast for the middle-term period
312 kb

PERSPECTIVE DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT FOR AUTOMATED BUDGETING SYSTEMS

abstract 1231609015 issue 123 pp. 246 – 259 30.11.2016 ru 38
The article discusses the prospect of the use of parallel budgeting with open multi-agent decision support systems. It defines the place of decision support systems among enterprise information systems. The existing decision support systems are briefly reviewed. It describes the shortcomings of classical budgeting schemes in companies. It is proposed to take into account the probability of the budget. This should allow timely response in terms of operational data in budgeting group of companies
128 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TERRITORIES MANAGEMENT ON THE BASIS OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP

abstract 1231609021 issue 123 pp. 318 – 327 30.11.2016 ru 34
Today we have built a successfully operated current management system for modern agriculture in the Russian Federation, which includes governance at all levels of government - federal, regional and local. Now there is an objective need for the transformation of rural territories and, in this regard, it is necessary to consider the effect of the potential of public-private partnership for the development of the managerial system. The priority is new approaches to the mechanism of management for villages, the need for public-private partnership as well as its impact on sustainable development of rural territories. The article describes the basics of management systems for rural territories based on a public-private partnership. We have analyzed the next concepts: managerial system, public-private partnership, program-targeted management, sustainable development оf rural territories. We have also studied a program-targeted management, which is a common and famous in the world, it has a major impact on the agricultural sector and rural territories development. The analysis results can be used in the processes of development and implementation of modern policies for the effective functioning of agriculture in the country and development of rural territories
Social Sciences and Humanities
91 articles
154 kb

THE PROBLEM OF THE GENERAL THEORETICAL BASES OF THE MODERN SCIENCE

abstract 1231609006 issue 123 pp. 102 – 112 30.11.2016 ru 36
This article discusses the problem of constructing a General scientific theory. This examines the theoretical foundations of science and scientific criteria; the study considers the current situation in science in the context of the problem of constructing a General scientific theory
180 kb

THE GENESIS OF THE "LEARNED IGNORANCE" DOCTRINE AND IT'S COGNITIVE VALUE

abstract 1231609014 issue 123 pp. 229 – 245 30.11.2016 ru 32
A clarification and interpretation of the philosophical meaning of the "learned ignorance" doctrine, viewed from an aspect of a history of philosophy, involves a necessity to educe a genetic and essential relationship between the "learned ignorance" principle and the apophatic tradition of thought. The article describes the genesis of the "docta ignorantia" principle: it appeared in a context of theology as a method for attaining of the knowledge of God. It is this concept that often forces researchers to restrict the epistemic potential of the "learned ignorance" principle, leaving it in limits of negative theology and mystics. However after investigating the difference between the philosophical and the religious understanding of theology the authors of the article interpret the paradigm of the "learned ignorance" to be a fundamental philosophic principle of thought and cognition. Nowadays it is widely accepted, that the paradigm of the "learned ignorance" in it's classical form originates from the apophatic tradition. The article points out, that the representative examples of apophaticism, which could be found in the christian theology, on the one hand, were based on a solid philosophic tradition (predominantly platonic and neoplatonic), and on the other hand, did not complete a spread in a world philosophic thought of a definite (apophatic) tradition, which had an intimate connection with the paradigm of the "learned ignorance", postulating as it's main intention a seemingly paradoxical comprehension of the Absolute, supposed to be absolutely incomprehensible. The results of the scientific research in a field, thus defined, are presented briefly in this article
200 kb

THE PROBLEM OF READING AND WRITING IN THE CONTEXT OF A POETICS AND PRAGMATICS OF PHILOSOPHICAL TEXTS

abstract 1221608059 issue 122 pp. 866 – 886 31.10.2016 ru 77
The article considers the problem of reading and writing that is topical for the modern philosophy of the text. Philosophical text in modern humanitarian science is considered from the perspective of two of its functions – poetic and pragmatic. The poetic function of the text related to the structure of the text and the cultural and social role of the author in the process of "production". The pragmatic function of the text assumes its "consumption" by the reader, as well as the process of communication between author and reader. This article describes the results of research "the author function" in the humanitarian culture of the twentieth century. Modern analysts, such as R. Barthes, M. Foucault and Eco are talking about the "death of the author", so the term “letter” replaces the concept of text in modern culture. In this regard, the role of the reader increases, not only as a "recipient" of the text, but also as his collaborator. The reader interprets the text, providing the space of its cultural consumption and reproduction in modern society. The key mechanism for such reproduction can be called "hypertext" because it corresponds to the understanding of the text from the perspective of structuralism, and from the perspective of modern information society. In the article we make a conclusion about the necessity of further research in this direction
Social Sciences and Humanities
201 articles
130 kb

LANGUAGE IDENTITY THROUGH THE PRISM OF POLITICAL NEWSPAPER COMMUNICATION

abstract 1231609011 issue 123 pp. 193 – 203 30.11.2016 ru 32
Political newspaper communication has been researched and it is pointed out that the communication between communicators is carried out at the inner mental dialogical level. Questions of text comprehension are analyzed. It is emphasized that behind the political newspaper text there is a language system and without knowledge of this system communication based on text activity is impossible
144 kb

THE SUN AS THE ARCHETYPE OF “HEIGHT” IN JOHN DONN’S POETRY

abstract 1231609067 issue 123 pp. 956 – 966 30.11.2016 ru 35
This article conveys J. Donn’s poetry from the point of view of archetype “Height”, namely the Sun. The Sun as an object of the material world, always attracts people’s attention. At all times it has energy and power, tenderness and endearment. The Sun has been in the focus of interest both for primitive men and our contemporaries. The Sun is depicted in literature, works of art, folklore, architecture. In the poems by J. Donn the Sun is personificated, the author gives Him human beings’ features, the hero is equal to Him, he asks the Sun questions and even tries to reign over Him. The Sun rays can be compared with passion, high feelings, gladness; love is associated with sunrise, zenith and sunset. Partly this article compares barocco and modern literature. The archetype “Height” is connected with the Sun image in the Medieval literature. So, it may be concluded that the Sun, its image and archetype is the key point of J. Donn’s creative work
128 kb

ESSENCE AND STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS OF PRINTED MATERIALS

abstract 1231609090 issue 123 pp. 1318 – 1327 30.11.2016 ru 35
PR-journalism today has become an integral part of modern life. We are faced with it not only in the media. It enters into all spheres of human activity, and has a serious impact on the public consciousness. Indeed, today this genre in print media is multifaceted, ubiquitous and diverse. In Russia he became not only a part of the economy, but also a part of the mass culture. Interest is due to the fact that the text is one of the most complex in semiotic terms of information and impact models. Thus, we can say that the absolute involvement of each of us in its sphere of influence can determine the place that genre occupies today, including the field of humanitarian studies
Social Sciences and Humanities
16 articles
292 kb

ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF WARM WATER DISCHANGE OF GUSINOOZERSKAYA GRES ON THE ICE REGIME OF GUSINOE LAKE (IN THE WESTERN TRANSBAIKALIA)

abstract 1161602022 issue 116 pp. 298 – 305 29.02.2016 ru 496
The article is devoted to the assessment adverse effects of Gusinoozerskaya GRES on the ecosystem of Lake Gusinoe. It shows the dynamics of the ice regime of Lakes Gusinoe near Gusinoozerskaya GRES. Is noted that industrial pollution reduces the quality of the water in the lake
357 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1121508142 issue 112 pp. 1988 – 1998 30.10.2015 ru 875
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and in Russia in general, such as charter programs to the Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
341 kb

GNSS-BASED TRANSPORT INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION EFFECTIVITY IN TOURISM IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1121508143 issue 112 pp. 1999 – 2007 30.10.2015 ru 660
The main goal of this article is to study tourists transport service cost optimization possibility
Social Sciences and Humanities
322 articles
144 kb

DEVELOPING OF INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF THE INVESTIGATION OF EXTORTION

abstract 1231609065 issue 123 pp. 930 – 942 30.11.2016 ru 31
The article deals with the complex and important problem related to the investigation of extortion. From a legal point of view, extortion is the demand of a transfer of someone’s property, rights to the property or some other actions connected with the property, which is accompanied by various threats of violence, destruction of property or spreading of information defaming the victim or his relatives. Extortion refers to latent crimes. Investigation of extortion is complicated because of the high level of professionalism and thorough preparation of the accused. The number of criminal groups using extortion as the main source of their income is increasing. To select the best way of obtaining information concerning past events, an investigator develops crime investigation procedure. The article analyzes the concepts of "investigation procedure" and "programming", the stages of the criminalistic routine development are pointed out. Dealing with extortion classification of preliminary investigation procedures is an important condition for their development, which allows to distinguish homogeneous groups and to develop criminalistic routine. Based on the typical investigative situations at the initial stage of investigation of extortion we have proposed some investigation procedures. The set of all procedural actions and recommendations that need to be implemented in the course of the investigation, forms investigation program
149 kb

OVERVIEW OF THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND CURRENT STATUS OF INSTITUTE OF NECESSARY DEFENSE AND ITS PRACTICE APPLICATION

abstract 1231609069 issue 123 pp. 999 – 1010 30.11.2016 ru 33
Relevance of the chosen topic is caused by existence of disputable issues in the practice of application of norms regulating institute of necessary defense in the Russian criminal legislation. In the present article the analysis of the current state of this institute of criminal law and a brief overview of the judicial practice of its application is made. Process of formation and development of institute of necessary defense in ancient foreign and Russian sources of law and sacred books is considered. The questions of limits of legitimacy of necessary defense and consequences of their excess are raised. The authors of the article have paid special attention to the analysis of conditions of legitimacy of necessary defense. Such conditions are traditionally divided into three groups: the conditions relating to protection; the conditions relating to encroachment; the conditions relating to the harm. The different points of view concerning improvement of system of conditions of legitimacy of necessary defense are considered. The authors give examples from modern court practice which allowed revealing obvious gaps of the criminal law in this sphere. They also formulated the proposals for improving the legislation. The authors consider important extension of the list of factors, which, together with the unexpectedness of encroachment, can be the basis for recognition of actions of the defending person legitimate
112 kb

INVESTIGATIVE INSPECTION, SEIZURE AND SEARCH IN THE INVESTIGATION OF CRIMES AGAINST FAMILY AND MINORS

abstract 1231609082 issue 123 pp. 1182 – 1189 30.11.2016 ru 40
The article describes the content of an investigative inspection, a search, a seizure in the investigation of crimes against the family and minors. There were described the objects and the targets of these investigative actions in various types of crime, as well as trafficking in children
Social Sciences and Humanities
220 articles
554 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFICALLYEDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE UNIVERSITY ON THE BASIS OF REENGINEERING

abstract 1231609043 issue 123 pp. 640 – 649 30.11.2016 ru 35
The subject of the article is a scientific and educational potential of a modern University. From the standpoint of the essential ontological approach, the author identifies the conditions for capacity building, discusses the complex of measures on increase of its capacity, and describes the conditions of its further diversification. The inductive-deductive method allows one to grasp the essence of innovative proposals for capacity development, which is the reengineering that is treated as an important factor of socio-economic development of modern society. Reengineering helps to actualize the partnerships, to reevaluate the social mission of the University, namely to improve the provision of scientific work force, strengthening competitiveness on the world market of knowledge. As an innovative technology reengineering contributing to the successful development of scientific-educational potential as a radical change of the information model, as a radical redesign of the critical processes in the system of classical education
210 kb

ACADEMIC WRITING IN ENGLISH IN A RUSSIAN UNIVERSITY: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS

abstract 1231609049 issue 123 pp. 742 – 762 30.11.2016 ru 35
The article analyses the difficulties brought about by the introduction into the curricula of many Russian universities a new educational practice – Academic Writing in English. The difficulties are grouped into the following categories: the ones which are rooted in the old Soviet-Russian lingua - didactic tradition of teaching foreign languages; the ones which are connected with a low level of prestige of research work among students and some of their teachers; the ones which are specific to a particular educational establishment, and as the survey reveals, they are mostly caused by the complicated nature of the subject Academic Writing. The algorithm of action suggested for the syllabus design includes the analysis of objective and subjective difficulties; analysis of the needs of the target audience; and the introduction into the teaching process specifically designed for the course materials. Survey results prove that following the algorithm has significantly raised the students’ level of satisfaction with the difficult course. The measures, aiming to improve the course, have facilitated the attainment of the course goal, saving time and effort for students and their teachers
174 kb

SIMULATION SOFTWARE AND DIAGNOSTIC SOPROVOZHDENIYA OF THE PROCESS OF FORMATION OF PROFESSIONAL ORIENTATION OF CADETS OF THE MARITIME UNIVERSITY

abstract 1231609061 issue 123 pp. 887 – 901 30.11.2016 ru 31
In modern conditions there is a particularly acute problem of activization of the human factor, the maximum use of human abilities to achieve higher results of professional activity. The solution to this problem is vested in the vocational education system, whose main objective is to provide training and education a qualified professional of the appropriate level and profile, competitive on the labor market, ready for professional growth, social and professional mobility. It is directly connected with the problem of further improving the management of the process of formation of personality of a future marine technician, a factor which is a professional orientation. According to the authors, the current practice of training specialists of Maritime transport requires the presence of the model of software and diagnostic support of the process of formation of professional orientation. The article proposes this model, which is built from the position of system-activity, competence, software design and diagnostic approaches, and includes: conceptual-target block (the wording of the goal, objectives, fundamental contradictions of concepts and ideas); content and process unit (design target of the program "Orientation and professionalism"; the definition of pedagogical conditions); procedure block (teaching in the target program; methods of learning; stages of learning (input, intermediate, final); monitoring of the level of formation of professional orientation); productive unit (criteria, indicators, levels)
Health Sciences
40 articles
299 kb

NON-INVASIVE DIAGNOSTICS OF ANEUPLOIDY OF A FETUS WITH CIRCULATING TROPHOBLAST CELLS IN MATERNAL BLOOD

abstract 1231609131 issue 123 pp. 1965 – 1984 30.11.2016 ru 34
Isolation of fetal cells from the blood of a pregnant woman is more relevant for receiving the information of the genome of a fetus and implementation in clinical practice, non-invasive screening methods for prenatal diagnosis. The work proposes efficient ways of sorting trophoblasts circulating in maternal blood for the diagnosis of fetal aneuploidy in early gestation by analyzing microsatellite marker of the chromosomes that most prone to numerical aberrations (13, 18, 21, X and Y). A set of microsatellite markers allowed to reveal aneuploidy in three pregnant women, and also to exclude mosaicism and contamination of samples with maternal cells. A retrospective analysis of data on invasive cytogenetic studies (chorionic villus sampling) confirmed the results of the study
165 kb

HIFU: PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION IN ONCOUROLOGY

abstract 1221608019 issue 122 pp. 264 – 277 31.10.2016 ru 68
Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most frequently malignant neoplasms in the worldwide male population. Back in the 90's began a promising noninvasive method of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) as an alternative to radical prostatectomy for the treatment of localized prostate cancer was used. Information about the destructive histological effect by HIFU has been known since the 1930, however, the clinical implementation of this technology due to the absence at the time visualization capabilities for monitoring during the procedure has been postponed. In this paper, an overview of published data on the HIFU clinical application in prostate cancer as a major, "saving" and focal therapy. Examples of a favorable combination of this method are also provided with pharmacological agents. Based on the analysis of clinical data, we can say that HIFU is a good alternative minimally invasive therapeutic modality for patients with prostate cancer who are not candidates for radical prostatectomy. Applying of HIFU is possible as a treatment option with local recurrence after external radiotherapy, with careful selection of patients is important, depending on prognostic factors
141 kb

THE COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF CTCs IN COLORECTAL CANCER PATIENTS DEPENDING ON THE CHOICE OF SURGICAL INTERVENTION

abstract 1221608073 issue 122 pp. 1064 – 1074 31.10.2016 ru 67
Mortality from malignant diseases is directly linked to early metastasis and relapse. It is now possible to identify individual tumor cells in bone marrow biopsies and peripheral blood. Colorectal cancer is one of the leading places in the structure of cancer incidence and mortality, both in Russia and around the world. Studies have shown that after surgery the ability of tumor cells to the dissemination and implantation increases. The work contains 30 patients with the verified colorectal cancer with metastasis to the liver. To determine the CSC we have applied an analysis technology in CellSearch System ™ (Janssen Diagnostics, LLC). Our study of the number and frequency of detection of circulating tumor cells in peripheral blood of patients and control group demonstrates the reduction in the number of CTCs during laparoscopic surgery and changing the dynamics of the level of tumor cells in the form of reduction from the stage of the mobilization of the drug due to minimally invasive access, minimizing manipulation in the projection of the tumor and as a consequence, preventing the release into the blood stream of single tumor cells
Health Sciences
72 articles
278 kb

THE FACTORS PROMOTING DISTRIBUTION AND UROLITIAZ'S DEVELOPMENT IN CATS

abstract 1231609020 issue 123 pp. 308 – 317 30.11.2016 ru 39
The authors were conducting researches on 36 unhealthy cats in a veterinary clinic in Orenburg, from 2014 till 2016, and they were diagnosed the urolithiasis. By the results of the researches, the influence of a season of year, age and breed on distribution and development of an urolithiasis disease in cats has been studied. At the same time, it is established that the urolithiasis disease usually occurs at cats from 2 up to 6 years, which makes 45,0% of all the studied animals. A disease outbreak at cats was observed during summer and autumn periods, generally, not purebred animals - 75% are subject to the disease, the rest 25% is such breeds as the British, Persian, Bengalese, Scottish; in addition, the influence of an unbalanced diet, non-compliance with the norms and the mode of feeding is noted
266 kb

TREATMENT OF CHRONIC ENDOMETRITIS WITH THE NEW DRUG FLORINAZOL

abstract 1231609070 issue 123 pp. 1011 – 1025 30.11.2016 ru 40
In the article data on spread of chronic endometritises at cows are provided. The microflora range, being in genitals of patients with a chronic endometritis of cows is determined. We have developed a new drug called Florinazol and we also determined his antimicrobic and fungicide activity. Researches on determination of acute and chronic toxicity, and also irritant action on a mucous membrane of a uterus and a vagina are conducted. Researches on studying of influence of Florinazol on blood biochemistry at rabbits are conducted. The optimum therapeutic dose and frequency rate of its introduction is determined. By results of researches it is established that 24,8% of the cows containing on a farm with loose housing content and 10,6% of cows on a farm with fastened content have a chronic endometritis. At the same time in uterus content in 84,3% of cases isolated associations of bacteria and mushrooms in 65,2%, in 34,8% - monocultures of microorganisms. Offered by us means the danger class belongs to substances lowdangerous by the 4th. Doesn't possess irritant action, doesn't exert a negative impact on blood biochemistry, and also has outstanding therapeutic performance of 90% in case of its application in a dose of 100 ml intra-vaginal at an interval of 48 hours
511 kb

AVIAN POX

abstract 1231609137 issue 123 pp. 2059 – 2069 30.11.2016 ru 33
According to the veterinary reporting on 01.01.2016, presence of a bird in the agricultural organizations and poultry farms makes 13 million 440 thousand heads, in the private sector (hens, geese, ducks, etc.) - 6 million 287 thousand heads. In 2015 in the Krasnodar region 3 million 337 thousand 127 heads were subjected to bacterination against smallpox and a diphtheria. Data on registration of outbreak of smallpox of birds in a private farmstead of the Krasnodar region are presented in article. The case rate and a mortality at hens of breeds of Kulanga and Bramah and pigeons of the Andijan breed are studied. The dermal, diphtheroid and admixed forms of clinical implication of smallpox at hens of different breeds and pigeons in this farmstead are studied. Pathoanathomical features of implication of smallpox of birds are studied. The biological test on chickens of 3-4-month age and a microscopy of the painted smears prints on Pashena is carried out. In smears Pashen's little bodies are found. The events for elimination of a disease in this LTD including rejection of a sick bird, the compelled bacterination at an acquisitive bird, mechanical cleaning and disinfection in a hen house and a dovecot, isolation and a symptomatic treatment of breeding birds are developed and held
Social Sciences and Humanities
13 articles
2673 kb

WATERCOLORIST OLEG POMERANTSEV (1949-2012) AS A SUCCESSOR OF THE TRADITIONS OF REALISTIC ART. ARTISTIC IMAGE OF THE SETTLEMENT OF KIRILLOVSKOE IN WATERCOLORS AND GRAPHIC WORKS OF THE MASTER

abstract 1231609030 issue 123 pp. 433 – 456 30.11.2016 ru 30
The article tells about St. Petersburg distinctive watercolor painter, Oleg I. Pomerantsev (1949-2012). Master's career is inseparably linked with Russian realism. The artist acts as a successor of fundamental high artistic traditions of realistic art. Working in a landscape genre, Pomerantsev managed to create more than 500 paintings deep in a content and meaning. In his spare time Master developed his own techniques of watercolor art. The entire artist’s works were performed under his impression. He received inspiration on fishing trips, in woods and then at home master reproduced what he saw from memory. Most of his works are in private collections and galleries all around the world. Romantic landscapes of Oleg I. Pomerantsev affect by their transparency, complex color techniques and inexpressible atmosphere, full of air and light. Complex colour manners and inexpressible atmosphere full of air and light. Graphic works by the artist, executed in pencil on paper are very interesting too. Sometimes master was fond of drawing in details, so such works were not suitable for watercolors. In his watercolor works Pomerantsev did only hardly visible pencil drawing. The artist did not specialized in graphics so he ruled out his pencil sketches as unsuitable, but the wife of the artist has kept them. Watercolorist Oleg I. Pomerantsev is unknown to Russian art-critics. In view of that, the article was tasked to give for the first time an art rating to the artist’s creation, to make an art analysis of his works from the cycle "The Karelian isthmus" dedicated to the settlement of Kirillovskoe in Vyborg district. The study of creativity of Oleg Pomerantsev by professional critics will allow to expand qualitatively the history of watercolor painting of Russia
1453 kb

VYBORG’S PERIOD OF A GREAT RUSSIAN ARTIST NICHOLAS ROERICH

abstract 1231609031 issue 123 pp. 457 – 479 30.11.2016 ru 31
A Karelian stage in the life of the great Russian artist, Nicholas Roerich, is relatively well-known. However, researchers have not been practically studied the period of residence of the Roerich family in Vyborg. It is known that N. Roerich was friends with the Finnish artist A. Gallen-Kallela, who helped him to remain in Finnish Vyborg in the period of revolutionary events in Russia. From October 1918 to May 1919 the Roerich family lived in Viborg in Ladaunkatu (now Turgenev St.), №8. The painting «Autumn» (1919) was written by the artist during the Vyborg’s period. The painting was created in a fantastic manner which was usual for the artist. Unfortunately, at the moment nothing is known about his other works with views of Vyborg. However, in the catalog of his works, published in the USA in the 1920-es , under the name of each picture is given information about where and when it was created. Thus, under some of the works of the artist is the mark: «Painted in Viborg». So, today we can say about some works of master, which he wrote in Vyborg. In the first place, there are famous paintings of the artist: «Repentance», «Call of the bell. Old Pskov», «Sons of the Heavens», «The heat of the Earth», «Autumn – Vyborg», «Les Miserables (Outcast)», «Treasure» and others. As well, in 1918 at the time of staying the family in Vyborg a number of sketches in "Vyborg Notebook" were made by his son, Svetoslav Roerich, who was then 16 years old. Probably, inexhaustible diligence of Roerich gave a rise to other works with the theme of Vyborg, which scientists do not know because this topic has not been investigated
190 kb

ABOUT POETRY OF THE COUNTRIES OF ASIA IN THE REGION OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN IN THE RUSSIAN TO VOCAL LYRICS OF THE XX CENTURY

abstract 1211607091 issue 121 pp. 1487 – 1503 30.09.2016 ru 129
The article is devoted to the characteristic of poems of east poets (Japan, China, Korea) on which vocal cycles were written by the Russian composers of the XX century. It becomes perceptible that the appeal to east poetry became a tendency, which appeared during the era of the Silver age of the Russian culture. The reasons of the origin of this tendency were revealed. The names of I. Stravinsky, S. Vasilenko, M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, D. Shostakovich, G. Sviridov, S. Slonimsky, L. Grabovsky, A. Nemtin, A. Raskatov, D. Smirnov, V. Kikta, G. Belov, G. Firtich, I. Ostromogilsky, etc. are given as an example of its implication. The large-scale literary list includes poetic of Ancient Chinese poetry, Japanese ancient (medieval) poetry, classical Korean poetry, folklore verses. In the conclusion, typical lines of vocal cycles on these poetic works are shown. The center of this poetry is images of the nature, communication with it of inner world of the person. This poetry is distinguished by a reserved manner of the embodiment of rich inner world, thin psychological gradation. Other figurative constants – love collisions, philosophical reflections about meaning of life, loneliness, exile. They are embodied emotionally frostily, laconically by means of expression
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 36
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 37
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 146
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
51 articles
193 kb

MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENT OF ATTITUDE TOWARD CREDITS OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT AGE

abstract 1231609073 issue 123 pp. 1049 – 1065 30.11.2016 ru 39
The article gives a psychological analysis of credit activity as a process of social exchange between the lender and the borrower. As a result of credit provision as exchange the borrower receives access to resource objects and resource relations. One of credit situations is a situation of borrower's personal default. It is introduced analysis of "personal default" concept in this article and is proposed its operational psychological definition. It is also substantiated its connection with other concepts (difficult life situation, economic stress, crisis of employment, etc). It has been studied motivational component of attitude toward credits by means of questionnaire related to credits attitude. During the study differences in motivation and purposes of crediting of potential and actual young and middle age borrowers have been found out. It has been revealed that typical motives of taking on credit are credit rigor and altruism for young people. The motive of altruistic behavior refuse is expressed by middle age persons. We have studied out connections between motives of crediting. We have found out negative connections between the motive of altruism and investment, intended use of borrowed funds, as well as between the fear of crediting and hedonism, dreaminess and conformability in crediting. Significant differences in credit purposes of young and middle-age respondents have been detected. Persons from 18 to 25 years took credit oftener for the purchase of luxury items (phone, furniture, PCs, TVs, home appliances). For borrowers from 35 to 45 years is typical to take on credits for purchase of real estate, investment in business, immediate needs – payment of medical services, repair of apartments, repayment of credit
138 kb

LEADERSHIP QUALITIES AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT IN THE FUTURE LEADERS OF STATE AND MUNICIPAL STRUCTURES

abstract 1201606080 issue 120 pp. 1211 – 1222 30.06.2016 ru 146
Every year leadership becomes more important personal value. A real leader must have a special approach to people, ability to motivate, to instruct staff on the correct way to exercise the administrative skills and leadership qualities. To be a good leader is not easy! First of all, you need to work constantly on ourselves. The research urgency is caused by necessity of revealing of the student's leadership abilities and their improvement. The article analyzes and prospects of development of leadership qualities of future managers – students of the management faculty of the Kuban State Agrarian University. As indicators of leadership development there were used: intellectually – creative, organizational, social and communicative. The analysis showed that the students of the faculty of management are not well developed personal qualities, that necessary for the modern Manager. In this regard, the article proposed a number of activities on the development of leadership qualities, communication and organizational skills of students. The problem is a considerable interest for the social community. Developing student's leadership qualities and the whole complex of measures on formation of effective leadership in Russia will contribute to the qualitative renewal of the country
178 kb

THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OF SEPARATION IN DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PSYCHOLOGY

abstract 1191605039 issue 119 pp. 539 – 552 31.05.2016 ru 136
The article surveys the process of psychological separation from parents in the student's age. Relevance of the research topic is connected with the existing problems in the modern student environment, which include the general trends of the late maturation in adolescents (infantilization): extension of childhood, low achievement motivation, the lack of desire for selfdevelopment, unwillingness to take responsibility for their own lives. The importance of the theme is emphasized by a number of age problems. Without solving these problems, individual development is almost impossible. The authors give the analysis of the theoretical concepts of separation problems in the domestic and foreign psychology, examine the concept of separation in the context of different approaches to its study. Based on the research, the definition of separation is formulated. Separation individuation processes are discussed in the psychoanalytic direction, through the family system therapy, the study of the level of intergenerational relations in the dichotomy of "proximity - gap", the establishment of the sovereignty of the individual, the formation of psychological space. On the basis of the theoretical analysis the authors categorize the types of separation as contradictory or ambivalent, successful, crisis, conflict categorization and give the characteristics of each type and its impact on the resolution of the separation conflict
Social Sciences and Humanities
5 articles
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 73
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 69
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
241 kb

METHODIC OF A MODERN MILITARY SERVICEMAN'S PROFESSIONAL ORIENTA-TION EVALUATION

abstract 1081504074 issue 108 pp. 1008 – 1018 30.04.2015 ru 895
To the present stage, the process of becoming contract soldier professionals lasts up to 10 years or more, which is impermissible for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. One of the elements of a professional orientation of soldiers under contract is its evaluation. In the study, the authors have proposed evaluation methodology of professional orientation of contract soldiers. The validity and reliability assessment of the proposed methodic was carried out in two stages: stage 1 - respondents survey according to the methodic of M. Rokeach and getting their individual profiles; stage 2 - predicting the level of respondents professional military orientation, based on the assessment of proximity (conformity) of the respondents' individual profiles of value orientations to owned reference profiles. The evaluation of the internal (criterion) validity technique was performed as assessing the validity of the relationship between the influence and the observed results and the possibility to use this relationship to predict respondent's actions in future. Reliability of the methodic was assessed by three indicators. For all the indications we have obtained the results, showing the retest reliability of the proposed methodology of evaluation of military-professional orientation
Social Sciences and Humanities
37 articles
175 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY’S INSTITUTE ON TRANSGRESSING SOCIETY

abstract 1231609013 issue 123 pp. 214 – 228 30.11.2016 ru 32
The article deals with influence of the institution of family on the transgressing experience in its various forms. The problem is quite relevant in view of the fact that the society gets out of structural limitations. Increasingly, social actors step over the border, which for many ordinary people are considered immutable, violate generally accepted course of events, the established norms of behavior and morality. In this regard, the authors discuss the phenomenon of transgression as an integral part of modern society, which is understood as a strategy to overcome social taboos, violation of cultural traditions, moral and religious regulators. In addition, the transgression may be regarded as a manifestation of freedom. Freedom from rules, regulations, prohibitions, including religious ones. And then it is quite possible the emergence of such a phenomenon as a religious transgression. The authors give a definition of religious transgression, which is the process overstep religious prohibitions designed to separate the man from his immersion in faith, radical overcoming taboos of religion, the transition from one religion to another. The article presents the results conducted in 2016 a search of sociological research on the basis of Astrakhan State University. Based on these studies, the authors conclude that it is the family becomes the unifying factor that helps in keeping the values in the course of religious transgression
204 kb

REVIVAL OF PRESTIGE OF MANY CHILDREN FAMILY BY MEANS OF A STATE SUPPORT

abstract 1221608053 issue 122 pp. 757 – 772 31.10.2016 ru 78
In this article, a family is considered as a basis of modern society. As a result of the theoretical and methodological analysis, there was determined that a family is a form of a social system of a state making impact on the personality from birth to death, by means of formation and change of social, psychological, cultural, ethical bases, differing by means of united economic space, moral communications, interrelationships. Owing to social and economic, political, psychological changes of the country, the life of the population and the model of a family were changed, so the economy of family business turned into individual economy of societies that led to the development of a consumer relation of a society, economic recession, deterioration of ecological situation of environment. Proceeding from selective inspection of budgets of households, there was revealed that the more children in a family, the worse it’s standard of living, so in full families at the appearance of one child the standard of living decreases by 16%, the second child – for 30%, the third – for 50%. According to Rosstat, there was defined that the living conditions also depend on a number of children in a family. On average, better living conditions are at the citizens living lonely with 34 sq. m of living space, the share on a family from three people – 11 sq.m of living space on the person. Different forms of support are given for improvement of life quality of large families by the state. In the article, there was considered one of the key forms of the state support – improvement of living conditions of families having three and more children, namely granting of free of charge land plots in property and providing them with necessary infrastructure. There was offered the alternative mechanism of the solution of housing problems of large families which realization will allow to reduce a social inequality of different segments of the population, will provide the rejuvenation of the nation, both in demographic, and in socio-cultural value
141 kb

INFLUENCE OF HOUSING POLICY ON SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC SAFETY OF THE COUNTRY

abstract 1211607106 issue 121 pp. 1721 – 1731 30.09.2016 ru 144
In the article, we consider transformation of domestic households. The reasons of emergence of antinuclearization of a family are described and negative influence of these households on demographic safety of the state is revealed. Researches of the Russian scientists regarding changing of family structure of the population of Russia are considered and analyzed. We have proved an impact of housing problems on development of structure of a family. The basic principles of a state policy providing the solution of housing questions are offered
Social Sciences and Humanities
19 articles
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 34
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
159 kb

ETHNO SEPARATIST TERRORISM IN WEST EUROPE

abstract 1181604072 issue 118 pp. 1139 – 1153 29.04.2016 ru 370
For the purpose of this article, the analysis of the development of ethnoseparatism in West Europe has been undertaken. Under current conditions, the ethnical separatism threatens national security of series of European countries and territorial integrity. Special attention has been paid to social and political beginnings and causes of terrorism in Spain and Great Britain. The activity of such terrorist organizations as IRA and ETA has been researched. Ideological basis of violence, purposes and objectives, as well as the main stages of formation and development of these organizations have been disclosed. The author states that the use of the terrorism as a method of political struggle is destructive and does not facilitate a solution to the national problems. We have also considered approaches of the governments to solve the problems of separatism and terrorism on the territory of these countries. In their counter-terrorism efforts political leaders of Spain and Great Britain have used both methods of force and political and legal methods, namely, granting to the regions of wide economical and political independence, preservation of authentic cultural values and language of indigenous people. The formation of violence intolerance in public conscience as control method has become the main direction of the antiterrorist policy in the countries under consideration. Anti-terrorist model which has been developed by the European countries can be effective and useful for the regions being in ethnopolitical conflicts
148 kb

TO THE PROBLEM OF INTERNATIONAL LEGITIMIZATION OF NEW STATES: POLITICAL AND LEGAL ANALYSIS

abstract 1171603037 issue 117 pp. 600 – 611 31.03.2016 ru 341
The article is devoted to the problem of legitimization of new states that came into be in the post-socialist period as a result of secession processes. The relevance of this topic is accounted for by the intensification of these processes in various parts of the world and the ensuing quest of the new polities for independence and recognition. These processes reflect a historically grounded discrepancy between the need of the people in the new states for self-identification and the desire to keep their territorial integrity intact. This is aggravated by the fact that political and legal settlement of the problem of international recognition of the new polities has so far not been achieved. This leads to various conflicts, misunderstanding and the policy of double standards. The key idea consists in the following: a fully valid legitimacy of power in the “de facto”, or “contested” states cannot be achieved through the internal recognition of power alone, without the external constituent – the international recognition of the new polity. The article also focuses on the interpretation of various names attributed to such polities, especially those that sprang up on the post-soviet territories. A special attention is devoted to highly contested conceptual and legal approaches to the problem, subject for discussions in the politicolegal sphere
Social Sciences and Humanities
20 articles
157 kb

APPEARANCE OF ANOTHER/ALIEN AS A MARKER OF CULTURAL IDEAS IN THE SOCIETY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF AMERICAN COMICS DURING THE GREAT DEPRESSION AND THE WORLD WAR II PERIODS)

abstract 1231609008 issue 123 pp. 127 – 141 30.11.2016 ru 31
The image of the Other/Alien is the litmus test according to which researchers can determine the state of the disease of society, its fears and hopes in a certain period of social and cultural development. The author of this article on the example of fictional Other/Alien, has manifested the images of superheroes and supervillains of American comics; he proves the relationship between attitudes of society, paradigmatic for certain periods of the history, with the construction clothing marker Other/Alien. Turning to the two periods of XX century American history, the researcher has traced the evolution of the characteristics of narrative images, typical for these stages, revealed the main socio-cultural processes that influenced the creation of such images in popular culture, and came to the conclusion that the mood of the American Society of the Great Depression period and the World war II is well reflected in the narratives of the time, in particular, in the comics. Clothing of superheroes like images Other / Alien were dictated by certain cultural, historical, social, and political ideas. During the Great Depression, Another becomes a “good” alien. His appearance is caused by the mood and hopes of people of that time; the character appears to be able to change the usual course of things. The Second World War gave birth to a new type of the Other, the personification of all US national values. Another - now is not an alien. He is one of us, but he has the same supernatural powers aimed at justice, not only in the mood of the American Society but in the whole world
150 kb

THEMES AND MOTIVES OF ORNAMENT FOLK EMBROIDERY IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN XVIII CENTURY

abstract 1191605046 issue 119 pp. 642 – 652 31.05.2016 ru 133
The article discloses a feature of graphic ornamental motives of embroidery in clothing and household decoration, typical for the North-West region of Russia in the XVIII century. The semiotic status of the Russian clothing and household decorations with decorative ornaments embroidery with figurative ornamental motives as a group of functionally related items have remained very high, having both utilitarian and sign pragmatics for millennia. Despite the sociohistorical processes, changing the external shape of the suit, the symbolism of embroidery patterns remained unchanged and continued to exist until the twentieth century. In connection with the political events, readier subjects and fine motives can be traced in the Russian folk embroidery due to the resettlement of Novgorod in the XV century. This is the way from Novgorod to Arkhangelsk and the path from Veliky Novgorod to Vologda where Novgorod settled, keeping their culture. It is proved, that there is a correlation between the zoomorphic pendants, amulets female ornaments of the tenth century and plot embroidered with iconic ornamental motives of the North-West region of Russia. People piously observed the laws of their fathers and grandfathers. The embroidery from generation to generation has been portraying images of ancient mythology. The most common images in the northern Russian embroidery were the goddess of Mokos, Rozhanitsy, birds, horses, moose, deer, and wild animals and plants, depicted in subject compositions. The zoomorphic motives are also the images of flying dragons, symbolizing lightning, they are often found in Russian folk tales. Fire Dragon was considered the protector of property and fire. The people’s attitude to fire was special: it was called "You sir, the King-fire", and it was regards’ a god. One of the main roles in the embroidery is given to the technical side. Counted Russian embroidery stitches do not only recreate the image, but also express its essence
136 kb

DESIGN IN ACTUAL ADVERTISING DISCOURSE: SOCIAL AND CULTUREL MEANING AND FUNCTIONS

abstract 1141510034 issue 114 pp. 468 – 477 30.12.2015 ru 646
The article is devoted to the theoretical coverage of the actual system of modern humanitarian knowledge of design concepts and advertising discourse. Design theory and the concept of advertising discourse are considered in relation to the area of advertising communications, in terms of design technology. The article also gives definitions of the concepts of "design", "advertising discourse." It is concluded that the application of the theory of design and advertising discourse mastering concepts help to understand the mechanism of transmission of cultural meanings through its own figurative and graphic design tools
Physical Sciences and Engineering
17 articles
172 kb

THE ROLE OF LAND, WATER AND MINERAL RESOURCES IN THE CONFLICTS IN AFRICA AND THE WAY FORWARD

abstract 1221608020 issue 122 pp. 278 – 291 31.10.2016 ru 68
The scarcity of natural resources has become a serious problem in terms of security in the world. This article examines the role of the limited resources in conflicts in Africa. The main source of conflict is the issue of control of resources and the right to a healthy environment. Here we consider the case of the regional conflicts in the African context. A large number of major rivers in Africa also have been the cause of conflicts between the riparian countries. However, most of these problems have been successfully solved, and in many cases, this process led to the formation of regional blocs for economic and diplomatic cooperation in the region. In addition to inter-State disputes, there are also internal disputes among regions or states within the same country for the control of resources. However, in some cases these regions have developed wellcoordinated approaches to resolving the disputes: either by judicial apportionment, congressional action or based on negotiated compacts. In general, we believe that a careful application of equitable resource-sharing formula to volatile areas is a basic condition for peace and stability in Africa
2613 kb

APPLICATION OF CLIMATIC INDICES FOR EVALUATION OF REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN TOURIST ATTRACTIVENESS

abstract 1211607016 issue 121 pp. 425 – 448 30.09.2016 ru 131
In the article we consider the results of the study of climatic attractiveness of the South of Russia from the point of view of tourism development. Formal definition of attractiveness was reached by using a wide spread concept of climatic indices. Any climatic index is calculated by a set of medical and biological characteristics. The latter are defined on the basis of human physiology. Indices, which are used for evaluation of attractiveness of one or another region from the point of view of recreation and tourism, have certain peculiarities. Very often they are calculated using poorly formalized and arguable indications like psychological feeling of meteorological characteristics and even aesthetic perception. Taking into account above mentioned experience we have suggested a new approach for evaluation of climatic tourist indices basing on initial (standard 3 hour discretion) meteorological observations with maximum possible exclusion from a calculation scheme all subjective parameters. Our approach is based on a well-known method of Mieczkowski [4]. The method was developed more than 30 ears ago and is still widely applied. Our method allows objectively evaluate nonsmoothed index values because it takes into account combinations of meteorological characteristics with maximum available discretion during the day. A method demonstrated its capability for evaluation of regional variations in tourist attractiveness. We analyzed 40–year dynamics of attractiveness in the region being in the focus of the study
621 kb

INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEXITY OF ENGINEERING AND GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE TERRITORIES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607129 issue 121 pp. 2031 – 2044 30.09.2016 ru 140
One of the main problems at engineering-geological researches is the choice of the most suitable territory for construction of designed projects and constructions. The most dangerous threat to the economy and the security of the Krasnodar region are geohazards. The article provides an expert evaluation of engineering-geological conditions of the territory, the map-scheme of evaluation of engineeringgeological zoning of the region. The characteristic is given to the engineering-geological taxons allocated on degree of usefulness of conditions
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