Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo

Sections

Physical Sciences and Engineering
406 articles
1414 kb

THE ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEXITY OF COMBINATORY METHOD OF NUMBERS’ FACTORIZATION

abstract 1341710006 issue 134 pp. 59 – 87 29.12.2017 ru 118
This article is devoted to the assessment of the calculating complexity of combinatory method of numbers’ factorization. The content of combinatory method is explained in the article of the same name published in the journal issued in November 2016. The author supposes that the reader has learnt its content and knows the basic notions of theory of calculating complexity of the algorithms. The following results of the learning of the given task are expounded in this article. The algorithm of combinatory method permits to accomplish the parallel calculations. Graph of any order is the separate structure, because its initial data are determined independently from the other graphs. So, the calculating complexity of the task about the factorization of numbers in the predetermined interval of the positive integers is defined by the complexity of the most laborious graph. The analysis of the graphs’ structure allows to state that it’s the graph of the third order. In any graph both branches of the first level give the separate structures- partitive graphs of the first level with independent input data. So, the calculating complexity of the graph complete is determined by the maximal complexity of the graph of the first level. The givenat random interval of positive integers stays without changes, if we observe the sequence of the adjacent intervals. In the results it’s stated that the assessment of complexity of combinatory method as well other present methods of numbers’factorization is exponential. In this aspect the combinatory method doesn’t compete with other actual methods. However, evaluating the scientific significance of the algorithm, the decisive factor is not the calculating complexity, but its originality, which permits to explain (if not to discover) any properties of the positive integers. In the conclusion of the article the author describes the advantages of combinatory method, permitting to appreciate the degree of its scientific novelty
287 kb

FRACTALIZATION OF TREES

abstract 1341710013 issue 134 pp. 155 – 163 29.12.2017 ru 135
In this article, the properties of prefractal graphs generated by a seed representing a tree are investigated. To determine the phenomenon of the object under investigation with a fractal structure, we present a concept which is the degree of fractalization. The degree of fractalization will allow us to evaluate the structure relative to its belonging to the prefractal graphs
506 kb

FRACTAL AND PREEFACTAL GRAPHS, BASIC DEFINITIONS AND SYMBOLS

abstract 1341710015 issue 134 pp. 174 – 188 29.12.2017 ru 152
The fractal and prefractal graph are described in the article. The basic definitions and notation are proposed, the procedure for constructing prefractal graph, the operation of replacement vertex by seed is given
Physical Sciences and Engineering
58 articles
7278 kb

ASC-ANALYSIS OF THE DEPENDENCE OF THE SIZES OF ATOMS OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS ON THEIR MAIN CHARACTERISTICS

abstract 1341710055 issue 134 pp. 685 – 710 29.12.2017 ru 109
Studying natural phenomena in all their diversity, humanity worked experienced in every field of science the model of perceiving the world and methods of obtaining information. The development of science currently cannot be imagined without research on the intersection of its regions. This article presents the results of the automated systemcognitive analysis of the size of atoms from the main characteristics that are of research at the interface of General chemistry elements and intelligent systems. Dependence of nuclear radius, mass and of the atom and the charge number are identical in shape and size, which is probably connected with the linear increase of these parameters in the Periodic system of chemical elements. There is also a similar form of the dependences of radii of atoms from the factors ex and x, because these factors are interrelated. The obtained results of the ask analysis have confirmed the theoretical assumptions and the formulae of the dependence of main characteristics of the atom
230 kb

PREPARATION OF GRAPHENE MATERIAL WITH BENZIMIDAZOLE FRAGMENTS

abstract 1341710056 issue 134 pp. 711 – 719 29.12.2017 ru 107
The new benzimidazole-functionalized graphene material based on graphene oxide (GO) and 3,3',4,4'- tetraaminodiphenyl oxide (TADPO) was obtained under one-step hydrothermal synthesis conditions. According to IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis, as a result of the reaction, benzimidazole (BI) rings are formed, and the mass content of nitrogen is 12.3%. The new graphene material is characterized by excellent electrochemical efficiency in a threeelectrode supercapacitor. As a result of the redox activity of BI cycles the specific capacitance reaches 286 F/g at the scan rate of 2 mV/s, which is substantially higher than the reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sample obtained under similar conditions without using TADPO (159 F/g at 2 mV/s)
245 kb

KEPLER'S NUMBERS IN THE MODEL OF THE RUTHERFORD-BOHR

abstract 1341710081 issue 134 pp. 995 – 1005 29.12.2017 ru 125
The change in the Kepler’s atomic number in the Periodic Table of Mendeleev is studied. It is shown that its values decrease regularly with increasing nuclear charge. An alternative formula for computing the values of the Kepler’s atomic number is proposed. It is shown that the ratio of the atomic number of Kepler’s to the mass of the atom is a constant for each period. The values of these constants are calculated
Life Sciences
524 articles
493 kb

STRUCTURAL AND PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF VVMYBA1, VVMYBA2 AND VVMYBA3 GRAPEVINE GENES

abstract 1341710026 issue 134 pp. 303 – 327 29.12.2017 ru 96
The article presents the structural and phylogenetic analysis of VIT_02s0033g00410, VIT_02s0033g00390 and VIT_02s0033g00450 genes of the grapevine genome and the closely related orthologous gene MYB114 of the Arabidopsis genome. These genes are responsible for the biosynthesis of anthocyanin in the organs of model plants and are of interest not only for practical production and breeding, but also for fundamental research. These genes were analyzed for GCcomposition of nucleotides, the presence of cisregulatory elements and promoter regions. DNA and protein sequences were aligned to look for similar elements, which allowed further analysis of the ultraconservative domains of four genes. Based on the results of search and identification of the conservative regions, a cluster tree was constructed, which made it possible to identify the separation of gene sidelines from, presumably, the main one. At the same time, the construction of consensus trees based on DNA and protein sequences revealed their absolute similarity. "The Minimal Evolution Tree" allowed calculating the approximate dates of the appearance of the mutations and the divergence times of the gene branches between each other. At the same time, the appearance of the Vitis genus and its separation from the Rosales was taken as the time first divergence point. In the end, homologous metabolic pathways were searched between grapevine and Arabidopsis, which revealed the presence of homologous proteins in the grape proteome. In this turn, it already confirms the existence of similar biosynthetic pathways and, as a consequence, interactions such as "DNA-protein" and "protein-protein"
1215 kb

CONSTRUCTION OF MUTANTS OF BACTERIOPHAGE T4 WITH REDUCED ANTIGENICITY

abstract 1341710034 issue 134 pp. 404 – 426 29.12.2017 ru 145
A method of obtaining insertion mutants for the hoc gene, which encodes for the main phage antigen, was developed on the model of bacteriophage T4. This gene was cloned in the plasmid pBSL0+ and was disrupted by insertion of foreign DNA. The phage mutants were obtained by in vivo phage-plasmid recombination. The construction of insertion bacteriophage mutants was carried out in two stages. The resulting mutants on this procedure could be grown on wild-type E. coli strains, which is convenient for the production and use of these phages in therapy. The mutants obtained had reduced antigenicity. At the same time, the yield of the mutant strains was high when they were grown on the non-suppressor E. coli laboratory strains. A number of stages of purification of the bacteriophage mutants obtained were performed. Preparations have been studied by transmission electron microscopy and mass spectrometry. By several periodic cultivations of the mutant bacteriophages, it was shown that mutations of this type are stably maintained during more than 50 generations. T4 related bacteriophages of the family Myoviridae, for example, T-even, have the significant homology amongst their genomes, which makes possible to produce similar mutants. Thus, our method was developed to obtain mutants with reduced antigenicity which can be used for both the treatment of systemic infections, and diarrhea in the case, when, bacteriophages penetrate into the bloodstream. Such phages can be used in medicine and veterinary. The reported study was partially supported by RFBR, research projects No. 13-04-00991, 16-44-230855
223 kb

SPECIFICITY OF HEAVY METALS ACCUMULATION IN STEVIA REBAUDIANA

abstract 1341710043 issue 134 pp. 525 – 533 29.12.2017 ru 99
The analysis of the accumulation and distribution of heavy metals in the stevia raw material grown in different agroecological regions is carried out. The elements present in the soils always have a complex effect on the plant and at the same time enhance or weaken each other's action. Plants of stevia are able to regulate the flow of the heavy metals under study, assimilating organs accumulate the optimal number of elements necessary for their growth and development, regardless of the growing conditions
Physical Sciences and Engineering
20 articles
336 kb

ANALYSIS OF EXTINCTION AND EMERGENCE DYNAMICS OF NEW RADIOLARIA'S SPECIES IN THE CRETACEOUS AND PALEOGENE PERIODS

abstract 1321708102 issue 132 pp. 1278 – 1289 31.10.2017 ru 122
The dynamics of changes in the species diversity of radiolarians during the last 150 million years with accuracy to one geological century was determined. The basic patterns of species and taxa of high rank change had been established for the boundary between Cretaceous and Paleogene. There were revealed topomorphic features of bipolar species, which have succeeded from the Cretaceous into the Paleogene and became ancestors of Cenozoic radiolarian fauna. Changes in the species number in the boundary between Cretaceous and Paleogene periods, and also significant variations in the species diversity in Paleocene and Eocene are connected to a combination of a number of factors. The most important of those factors are geological processes, causing extensive transgressions and regressions, climate variability, the overall evolution direction of the Earth biota and competition for important chemical components for the Radiolaria’s livelihood. The emergence of powerful tropical forests on the land with their huge bio-production and bio-chemical erosion is connected to late Cretaceous era. This resulted increasing of the dissolved material proceeding into the sedimentation pool, what is confirmed by classical bauxites emergence. Because aluminium oxide and silicon oxide are geochemically connected, we can state as well about increasing of dissolved silica flow initiated development of Diatoms, which became competitors to Radiolaria in their battle for silica. The last ones are lost this battle, what caused the species decreasing. That was not a catastrophic event with immediate extinction, but a long process
254 kb

EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH AND MODELING OF PACLOBUTRAZOL MIGRATION IN SOIL

abstract 1191605078 issue 119 pp. 1099 – 1110 31.05.2016 ru 935
In this study, we have investigated the migration of paclobutrazol in the sod-podzolics soils. The migration of pesticide was restricted with 5 cm in the field study. Paclobutrazol was found in 11 days after application in the lysimeter’s water samples, though the pesticide is moderately mobile. The lysimeter study showed that the risk of ground water contamination would exist if application of paclobutrazol was on the sod-podzolics medium loamy soils. The modeling by PEARL 4.4.4 and MACRO 5.2 simulated the migration of paclobutrazol until 18 cm in the soil. MACRO was able to predict the leaching of pesticide. The simulated paclobutrazol losses by leaching were consistently lower than the observed
346 kb

STUDY OF CHANGES IN DEFORMATIONS AT FROST PENETRATION DEPENDING ON THE CONCENTRATION OF THE SALT SOLUTION PORE CaCI2

abstract 1081504069 issue 108 pp. 952 – 961 30.04.2015 ru 1999
We have analyzed patterns of change in deformations at frost penetration depending on the humidity, density and concentration of the salt solution pore of CaCI2
Physical Sciences and Engineering
1754 articles
1673 kb

THE SYNTHESIS OF SYSTEMIC-COGNITIVE MODELS OF THE INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON THE QUALITY OF LIFE OF THE REGION

abstract 1341710001 issue 134 pp. 1 – 13 29.12.2017 ru 119
The article describes the synthesis and verification of statistical and system-cognitive models of the influence of environmental factors on the quality of life of the population of the region. This stage of the ASC-analysis is performed in the system called "Eidos". As a result, we have created and validated (verification stage) all the specified systemic cognitive models. It is expected that reliability for the models of knowledge is sufficiently high for a given subject area, that is why we can state the discovery of a dependence of life expectancy and causes of death from environmental conditions. Typically, knowledge models are approximately 20% higher in accuracy than statistical models, which operate on the principle of positive pseudo-prediction. Making decisions based on the model of Abs (matrix of absolute frequencies) is not appropriate because of the different number of instances of classes (generalized categories) and dependence of the solutions of this amount. In the model called Prc2 (conditional and unconditional percentage distribution) the dependence of the model values of the number of examples in classes has been removed, but the accuracy of it is usually same low as in the Abs. In addition, for decision-making based on this model, one has to compare the values of conditional and unconditional probabilities manually, which is laborious and hardly possible for large dimensional models. The knowledge model called Inf3, based on a measure similar to the Chi-square, is the result of the automated comparison of values of conditional and unconditional probabilities presented in the model of Prc1, which is similar to Prc2, and usually has a fairly high accuracy, especially considering the high complexity of the subject area, which we simulated. Therefore, in accordance with the technology of the ASC-analysis data conversion into information, and afterwards - into knowledge, it is the model of Inf3 which is planned to be used for the solution of problems of identification, forecasting, decision-making and exploring the modeled subject area, through the study of its models
299 kb

REGULARITIES OF DEFLECTION IN THE DIAGONAL AND RADIAL TIRES OF THE GRAIN COMBINE PROPULSIONS

abstract 1341710014 issue 134 pp. 164 – 173 29.12.2017 ru 80
The aim of the study is to investigate the regularities of deflection in the diagonal and radial tires for the grain combine propulsions of high productivity. The research method is experimental. The "tire tester" and specially designed devices for revealing the deflections of the inner and outer tube relative to the rim in the circumferential and radial directions have been used. The outcome indices of the pneumatic-tired wheel are determined with the tire capability to deflect so, that at low - hysteresis losses in the rubber-cord casing and its acceptable tensions, based on a resource, the largest area of contact with supporting base would be created. This circumstance acquires the particular significance developing tires for grain combines of high performance, the deflection regularities of which are poorly studied at present. The analysis of experimental studies showed the feasibility of using the grain combine propulsions instead of the diagonal radial tires of the same size. The resistance to rolling of radial tires 30.5 R-32 is lower than in diagonal tires 30.5 L-32, and the developed contact area due to the increase of length is higher, which reduces sealing effect on the soil
1604 kb

FEATURES OF NUMERICAL MODELLING OF LANDSLIDE PROCESSES ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CITY OF SOCHI

abstract 1341710016 issue 134 pp. 189 – 204 29.12.2017 ru 140
Development of infrastructure of Sochi as mountain resort has demanded increase in transport means of communication and development of territories, difficult for construction. Construction works cover territories of the Kudepsta and Adler districts and also Krasnaya Polyana. The main problems at design near Greater Sochi are landslides and landslide processes and also high seismicity of territories. Besides, the increased technogenic loadings on many sites have led exogenous processes to activization. At unforeseen activization of landslide processes it is required to develop actions for strengthening of the existing constructions or construction of new protective designs in the shortest possible time. However, there are problems of modeling of a landslide situation. On the example of construction retaining at the portal constructions of a railway tunnel near Sochi modeling of landslide processes on the basis of natural observations (monitoring) is considered and also actions for stabilization of slope processes are described
Physical Sciences and Engineering
22 articles
359 kb

METHOD AND MEANS FOR HARVESTING GRAIN CROPS BY STRIPPING WITH THE DIVISION OF THE HEAP IN THE STATIONARY

abstract 1401806001 issue 140 pp. 1 – 16 29.06.2018 ru 19
We have presented methods of designing technologies of winter wheat harvesting by stripping with pile dividing stationary with optimization of harvesting–transport complexes in various conditions
215 kb

EXPERT METHOD OF FACTOR ANALYSIS OF OPERATIONAL RELIABILITY OF COMBINE HARVESTERS

abstract 1391805001 issue 139 pp. 1 – 16 31.05.2018 ru 34
The article reveals the main empirical factors that increase the efficiency of technological systems of grain harvesting. The article shows interrelation and subordination of empirical factors in the practice of operational reliability of grain harvesters, which underlies scientific research. We have defined the basic (key empirical factors) that allowed developing a conceptual model (paradigm) of the research. The article provides a technique establishing the rules of application of the method of expert assessments to identify organizational and technical factors that have the most significant impact on improving the reliability of grain harvesters
583 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF GRINDING ROUGHAGE IN A PRESSED FORM

abstract 1381804002 issue 138 pp. 1 – 10 30.04.2018 ru 65
The article has a classification of fodder shredders developed on the basis of the analysis of the existing technical means for the preparation of fodders. The constructive technological scheme of the grinder for coarse fodder in a pressed form is proposed. The results of experimental studies in solving the optimization problem-finding the optimal combination of constructive-technological factors of equipment are analyzed, in which a predetermined number of all types of feed will be produced with a higher quality. As optimization criteria, the following were chosen: energy intensity, material grinding time, weighted average particle length
Life Sciences
1069 articles
157 kb

INFLUENCE OF TILLAGE AND CHEMICAL WAY TO CONTROL WEEDS ON WINTER WHEAT PRODUCTIVITY UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE PLAIN-EROSIVE AGROLANDSCAPE

abstract 1341710002 issue 134 pp. 14 – 26 29.12.2017 ru 94
This article discusses the results of the study to determine the impact of different primary tillage and herbicide against weeds in winter wheat agrocenosis. The task of the research was to determine the impact of primary tillage (moldboard plowing and surface treatment) factor A and herbicide (Lancelot) factor B on the agro-physical and agrochemical soil properties. It has been established that the content of productive moisture during the growing period of winter wheat in 0-100 cm of soil layer didn’t depend on the method of tillage. Introduction of herbicide Lancelot boosted the moisture reserves in soil compared to the control type, in the herbicide-free type the weeds absorb the large amounts of moisture. Surface soil treatment did not have negative effects on soil agro-physical properties and its structure in comparison with moldboard plowing. Number of agronomically valuable aggregates on moldboard plowing is 85.2 - 87.5%, on surface one is - 86.2 87.5%. Density of composition and waterproof aggregates under surface treatment didn’t defer to tillage. Accumulation of wet and dry mass by weeds regardless to the way of soil tillage declined to a minimum when introducing the herbicide Lancelot. The high yield of winter wheat was obtained on this type. Mathematical processing results have shown that due to factor A (main soil tillage) to moldboard plowing the average productivity is 57.5 kg/ha, on surface one is 56.0 kg/ha, i.e. the difference between treatments is 1.5 t/ha (with NSR05 on factor - 2.9 t/ha) is insignificant. To factor B (herbicides) on control the productivity is 54.5 kg/ha, introduction of Lancelot increased the productivity to 59.5 t/ha, i.e. the increase was 5.5 kg/ha at NSR05-by the factor B-2.9 t/ha, i.e. is significant. Thus, the present soil treatments had no effect on yield of winter wheat in ordinary black soil. The use of herbicide Lancelot has produced the harvest increase in 0.5 t/ha on average for 2 years
861 kb

PECULIARITIES OF USING OF PLANT RESIDUES FOR OBTAINING COMPOSTS

abstract 1341710003 issue 134 pp. 27 – 38 29.12.2017 ru 133
Using of organomineral composts to preserve fertility and restore ecological functions of chernozem soils in the Krasnodar territory is necessary. Their composition depends on the properties of chernozem soils and can include various wastes of industry and agriculture. The main component of compost can be organic wastes of livestock, and plant residues and mineral additives are additional compost components. Peculiarities of the interaction of the components of the organomineralic mixture, which including manure of cattle and phosphogypsum, are considered in the work. In the interaction of organic particles of cattle manure and phosphogypsum particles, structural formations are formed where the phosphogypsum particles are enveloped by particles of cattle manure. The experience of composting this organomineral mixture with various crop residues of crops was carried out. Plant residues according to the intensity of decomposition in composts can be represented in the next row, beginning with more decomposed ones: sugar beet> winter wheat> winter barley> corn> sunflower. The composts obtained were characterized by a well-aggregated structure with a predominance of particles 1-2 mm in diameter, good aeration, low density (1.01-1.10 g / cm3), and favorable humidity (22-25%). The structural factor of composts with different plant residues ranged from 3.1 to 4.3 units. The best physical properties were compost, including plant residues of sugar beet, the worst - sunflower. The combination of an organomineral mixture with various plant residues contributed to a decrease in alkalinity of the substrate, a slowing of the mineralization of organic matter, restraint of ammonification processes, and an increase in the content of total nitrogen and phosphorus
141 kb

FEEDING CONCENTRATES AND PREMIXES FOR CATTLES

abstract 1341710011 issue 134 pp. 134 – 145 29.12.2017 ru 121
The article gives an overview of the current developments of scientists of the Russian Federation in the field of production of feed concentrates and premixes for cattle. A critical analysis of feed concentrates and premixes of preventive and compensatory action for the control of mycotoxicoses was carried out, and their brief characteristics were given. The characteristic of biologically active substances and fillers, declared in the recipes of feed concentrates and premixes, is given. It is shown that the alternative to existing feed concentrates and premixes on the market is vitamin-mineral fodder concentrate "Tetra +", developed by the authors. Based on the analysis, a conclusion was made about the relevance of studies to identify the effectiveness of vitamin-mineral fodder concentrate "Tetra +" in livestock
Life Sciences
38 articles
121 kb

THE RESULTS OF THE SELECTION WHEN CREATING EARLY HIGH-OIL HYBRIDS OF CORN

abstract 1401806011 issue 140 pp. 17 – 23 29.06.2018 ru 22
The creation of early maturing hybrids of corn with a high content of oil in grain is very important in modern agricultural production. Selection of such hybrids and lines is carried out by the FGBNU of the NZP named after P.P. Lukyanenko for many years. These articles presents the results of promising early maturing hybrids of maize and compare them for yield and oil content in grain from hybrid corn zoned Krasnodar 194 MV for the last two years in the competitive variety trial. The content of oil in the grain is given to both hybrids and their parent lines
336 kb

ANATOMICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL COMPARISON OF PEPPERMINT (MENTHA PIPERITA)

abstract 1401806013 issue 140 pp. 24 – 33 29.06.2018 ru 19
The article presents experimental data of comparing anatomical and morphological features and properties of two peppermint varieties in the Hyaginsky district of the Adygea Republic. The economic importance of peppermint is very high. The essential oil rich in menthol, obtained from the leaves and mint colors, is widely used in the medical, perfumery, cosmetic and food industries. In this regard, of great value are varieties of a complex purpose - with high leaf productivity and high % essential oil and menthol. Comparative analysis of morphological and anatomical features of peppermint raw material of peppery two varieties harvested in the territory of the Farm Sazonenko NV of Giaginsky district of the Adygea Republic, showed that the external features of plants differ from each other. The Kubanskaya 6 variety leaves have a larger size, with a higher content of essential oils, incl. menthol. In this regard, the yield of this variety was higher than that of Prilukskaya 6, and therefore the economic indicators of cultivation of the Kubanskaya 6 variety were the best
143 kb

SUSTAINABILITY OF MODERN VARIETIES AND HYBRIDS OF BEETROOT TO DISEASES DURING LONG-TERM STORAGE

abstract 1401806016 issue 140 pp. 34 – 41 29.06.2018 ru 14
Fungal and bacterial diseases are the main cause of losses of beetroot during storage. Resistance to them should be regarded as an important economic value of this culture. Analyzing biennial data on the preservation and damageability of diseases during the storage of 18 samples of varieties and hybrids of beetroot grown in the Moscow region, samples were identified that have complex resistance to phomosis, gray and root rot, the most harmful diseases noted during the storage of beetroot. These are varieties Bordo 237, Bordovaya VNIIO, Dvusemyannaya TSHA, and Pablo F1 hybrid, which provide a yield of merchandise products of at least 80% and are characterized by a minimal degree of damage to the above-mentioned diseases. The above varieties and hybrids can be recommended for introduction into industrial vegetable growing and use in further breeding work as donors of resistance to diseases
Life Sciences
23 articles
12514 kb

AUTOMATED SYSTEM-COGNITIVE ANALYSIS OF ANTIBIOTICS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

abstract 1401806033 issue 140 pp. 163 – 212 29.06.2018 ru 24
Antibacterial chemotherapeutic drugs, which include antibiotics and synthetic antimicrobial agents, are widely used in veterinary medicine for the prevention and treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms. Antibacterial agents can be classified by type of action and chemical structure. It is also known that when several drugs are used in combination with each other, they interact within the body with each other, which can lead to strengthening or weakening of their action. For these reasons, it is of scientific and practical interest to develop a classification of antibiotics by their characteristics and principle of action (task 1), as well as by mutual compatibility (task 2). The article solves these problems using a new method of agglomerative cognitive clustering, implemented in automated system-cognitive analysis (ASK-analysis). This method of clustering has a number of advantages over the known traditional methods of clustering. These advantages allow us to obtain clustering results that are understandable to specialists and amenable to meaningful interpretation, which are well consistent with the experts ' assessments, their experience and intuitive expectations, which is often a problem for classical clustering methods. The article provides detailed numerical examples of solving two problems. The universal automated system called "Eidos", which is a tool of ASK-analysis, is in full open access on the author's website: http://lc.kubagro.ru/aidos/_Aidos-X.htm. Numerical examples of solving veterinary problems with the use of artificial intelligence technologies are placed as cloud Eidos-applications and are available to everyone
406 kb

RISK ANALYSIS AND FORECAST OF THE WORLD EPIZOOTIC SITUATION OF LUMPY SKIN DISEASE OF CATTLE FOR THE PERIOD UP TO 2030

abstract 1391805032 issue 139 pp. 83 – 98 31.05.2018 ru 24
The article represents the results of studying the spatial-dynamic factors and revealing the regularities of the global spread of Lumpy skin disease in cattle. The developed risk analysis and epizootological forecast provides the keeping up with a multi-year trend for the growth of epizootic tension in this disease for the period up to 2030. The highest probability of disease registration from 0.6 to 1.0 is predicted for the tropical agroecosystems of the African continent (enzootic zone) in 2018-2030. There is a real risk of disease in neighboring countries of Eurasia with the probability is less than 0.4. In the Russian Federation, outbreaks can occur in all federal districts of the country, but the highest probability of its occurrence is possible in agroecosystems of the subtropics of the North Caucasus and Southern Federal Districts of the country
2201 kb

AGGLOMERATIVE COGNITIVE CLUSTERING OF SYMPTOMS AND SYNDROMES IN VETERINARY MEDICINE

abstract 1391805033 issue 139 pp. 99 – 116 31.05.2018 ru 19
In the article, on a small numerical example, we consider the similarity and difference of symptoms and syndromes according to their diagnostic meaning, i.e. according to the information they contain about the belonging of conditionals of animals to different nosological images. This problem can be solved for veterinary with the use of a new method of agglomerative cognitive clustering, implemented in Automated System-Cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis). This method of clustering differs from the known traditional methods in: a) in this method, the parameters of the generalized image of the cluster are calculated not as averages from the original objects (symptoms) or their center of gravity, but are determined using the same basic cognitive operation of ASC-analysis, which is used to form generalized images of the classes based on examples of objects and which really correctly provides a generalization; b) the similarity criterion is not the Euclidean distance or its variants, but the integral criterion of non-metric nature: "the total amount of information", the application of which is theoretically correct and gives good results in unortonormated spaces, which are usually found in practice; c) cluster analysis is carried out not on the basis of initial variables, frequency matrices or matrix of similarity (differences), depending on the units of measurement on the axes (measurement scales), but in cognitive space, in which one unit of measurement is used for all axes: the amount of information, and therefore the results of clustering do not depend on the initial units of measurement of features of objects. All this allows us to get the results of clustering, understandable to specialists and amenable to meaningful interpretation, well-consistent with the experts ' assessments, their experience and intuitive expectations, which is often a problem for classical clustering methods
Social Sciences and Humanities
115 articles
137 kb

ETHNIC BUSINESS IN THE ETHNOLOGICAL EXPERTISE SUBJECT FIELD

abstract 1341710059 issue 134 pp. 743 – 752 29.12.2017 ru 126
Ethnic minorities’ traditional economy and business forms are the research object. The algorithm specification of the traditional economy forms research in the structure of ethnological examinations and regional ethnological monitoring act as the purpose of the article. The list of research subjects in programs of field researches is offered: a) latent forms of the social relations regulation and their traditional outlook conditionality; b) The cause and effect relationships of the ethnic minorities traditional economic specialization transformation in rural enclaves; c) an order of formation of network (system) of the ethnic enterprises in the urban environment which are focused on services the offer: the migrants facilitating integration; preservation of political, social and economic and cultural ties with regions of "outcome"; creation of conditions for preservation of ethnic self-identification; d) problem "points" of cross-cultural communications identification. The research is conducted within the project "the South of Russia: ethnic businessmen of "house" and beyond his limits (experience of social and economic adaptation)" with financial support of the Russian humanitarian scientific fund (RGNF. Project 1701-00407)
120 kb

THE STUDENT OF THE CHECHEN-INGUSH STATE PEDAGOGICAL / TEACHER TRAINING INSTITUTE - ALEXEY BIDYN – THE PARTICIPANT OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

abstract 1331709011 issue 133 pp. 115 – 123 30.11.2017 ru 219
The article attempts to study the participation of student of the Chechen-Ingush state pedagogical / teacher training Institute A. N. Medina in the great Patriotic war of 1941-1945, to gather biographical information about him
114 kb

PROBLEMS OF RESTORATION OF NATIONAL AUTONOMIES OF REPRESSED PEOPLES

abstract 1331709025 issue 133 pp. 301 – 309 30.11.2017 ru 249
The article attempts to highlight the problems of restoring the autonomies of the repressed peoples of Russia during the Great Patriotic War. Karachais, Kalmyks, Chechens, Ingush, Balkars and other peoples were forcibly relocated to the eastern regions of the country, and their autonomies were abolished. And only after the death of Stalin began the process of softening the special settlement regime for deported peoples. However, the decisive role was played by the 20th Congress of the Party, held in February 1956. At a closed meeting of the congress, the eviction of peoples, NS. Khrushchev called "a gross violation of the national policy of the Soviet state." The Twentieth Party Congress proposed reviving the illegally abolished national autonomies of repressed peoples. Public condemnation of mass repressions against the peoples of the North Caucasus was of great importance for the fate of deported ethnic groups, facilitated a number of measures to restore justice
Social Sciences and Humanities
1747 articles
137 kb

PRIORITIES OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONAL ECONOMY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE ROSTOV REGION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION)

abstract 1341710021 issue 134 pp. 252 – 262 29.12.2017 ru 124
Currently, there are two opposing tendencies in the world economy: globalization and regionalization, which are refracted in one of the tendencies of modern development, as participation of regions of different levels in international cooperation. In the conditions of slowing the registered rates of economic growth, decisions on investment activation are topical. It is important for Russian megaregions to develop their own investment incentive trajectory. The national economy of any country cannot develop effectively without involving it in foreign economic relations. Foreign economic activity is becoming an increasingly important factor in the development of the national economy and economic stabilization. The development of foreign economic activity plays a special role in modern conditions, when the process of integration of the economy into the world economy is taking place. Small and medium business is one of the most important sectors of the economy of the Rostov region, the dynamic development of which has a positive impact on reducing social tensions in the society (including by creating new jobs), increasing the investment attractiveness of the region, and also contributing to the positive economic growth rates of Don. At the same time, in the current economic conditions, small and medium-sized businesses need to strengthen state support to overcome certain emerging negative trends, unlike a large business with an adequate margin of safety. Priority spheres of investment activity in the south of Russia are: the Russian foreign trade specialization (foreign trade transit), improving the dynamics of the sectoral structure of the economy with import substitution (livestock), improving the quality of business environment management and investment, marketing investment potential in southern Russia (foreign and domestic investors)
137 kb

STUDYING PROBLEMS OF SPATIALECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGIONS OF RUSSIA

abstract 1341710029 issue 134 pp. 349 – 357 29.12.2017 ru 141
Conceptual provisions of regional economic science and also experience of many countries with mature market and developing economy demonstrate that long-term sustainable development of the country and its regions substantially is defined by productive use of modern forms of the spatial organization of economy. The essence of spatial potential is shown in total the regional economic potential or resources, innovative, integration and information processes of their development and also enterprise activity and the interests of business community in their use including on the basis of intersubject integration. For more evident illustration of level of differentiation between regions by leaders and regions by outsiders the author gives the results of researches of NIU "Higher School of Economics" conducted by Center of Development Institute stated in the form of the summary index of the regional economic activity (REA) of sectors of economy and federal districts. For achievement of the goal and the solution of problems of spatial development of Russia the author predetermines the choice of the priority directions of public policy of spatial and economic development of the country. The specified progressive directions have to be result of purposeful activities of the state for improvement of the organization of resettlement of inhabitants, placement in the territory of objects of economy, the social sphere, transport, power and other infrastructures, etc.
195 kb

PRIORITIES AND PROBLEMS OF INNOVATION DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS

abstract 1341710035 issue 134 pp. 427 – 437 29.12.2017 ru 92
The most important component of the region's competitiveness is its ability to attract and build up limited resources in the economy in a competitive market, which is also an indispensable condition for the sustainable development of the region's economic system in today's conditions. The development of regional entrepreneurship is correlated with the features of the socio-economic systems of the region. Thus, demographic, social, state regulation and support factors, as well as the availability of resources in the region, have a significant impact on the definition of regional business specifics. For the Russian Federation with its immense length and high heterogeneity of economic space, the most important task in this context is the formation and rational use of progressive forms of innovative activity. With this in mind, a special mechanism is needed that can ensure coordination and cooperation in innovation activities. Such a mechanism is the innovative infrastructure of the region, which provides access to various resources and is itself a potential for economic development. In general, the competitiveness of the region rests on the competitiveness of goods, commodity producers and industries, its ability to produce goods and services that are in demand on the market, both at home and international, target targets for the formation of regional competitiveness include the growth of limited economic resources in the region, the progressive development of the regional economy , maintaining and increasing the share of the regional economy in the national and world markets for goods and services, etc.
Social Sciences and Humanities
105 articles
175 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF THE TRADITION OF MYSTICISM IN RUSSIA

abstract 1341710066 issue 134 pp. 820 – 834 29.12.2017 ru 147
In the article, devoted to the tradition of mysticism in Russia, the nature and forms of mystical comprehension of reality are examined in historical retrospect. The history of the appearance, distribution and change of ways of mastering the world, alternative to science, touches upon the problems of religious and philosophical mysticism. The Orthodox tradition of ishihasm and neoishihasm is analyzed in detail, the importance of its influence on the spiritual life of the society is revealed. The authors introduce historical material about "Alexandrov mysticism" into circulation and comprehend the reasons for strengthening the West European mystical moods in the XIX century. The paper considers the theosophical heritage of E. Blavatsky, the mystical and pedagogical ideas of R. Steiner, «the vitasofia» of J. Bocan, the esotericism of K. Castaneda, who found a large number of admirers in modern Russian society. The authors note that the peculiarity of social consciousness is ideological syncretism and gives the characteristics of this phenomenon. The article analyzes the reasons for the "survivability" of mysticism, the variability of its forms and manifestations, in particular, adaptability to any means of perceiving reality, its desire to merge, or to enter into conflict, with different types of worldview (for example, science, philosophy and religion). The influence of changes in the sphere of informatization and communication on the wide distribution of mystical literature and practices. It is noted that the mechanisms of human interaction with reality through mystical traditions are not always clear, very broad and multivalued, insufficiently studied and require further research
174 kb

THE AUTHORITATIVE POTENTIAL OF CREATIVITY AND THE CREATIVE CRISIS OF MODERNITY, REFLECTED IN THE SCIENCE FICTION

abstract 1341710096 issue 134 pp. 1195 – 1210 29.12.2017 ru 113
In this article we are going to consider the influence of creativity on forming the personal identity, crisis of modern creative activity and its influence on formation of surrounding reality and existence. The ideas of creativity in science fiction are analyzed
137 kb

ACTUAL PROBLEM OF DEVELOPMENT IN SYNERGETIC PARADIGM

abstract 1341710106 issue 134 pp. 1340 – 1349 29.12.2017 ru 161
In particular, the paradigm of complexity, which claims to be the dominant post-non-classical philosophy and science, also came under the trend of diversity. The paper discusses conceptual foundations of the particle physics. This theme is examined in connection with problem of logical and philosophical analysis of physical language and its usage in cognitive procedures. Features of synergetic as interdisciplinary scientific direction, the concept of a universal evolutionism, value of information in nature development are discussed. Methodological basis of the process of integration of scientific knowledge is the interdisciplinary direction of the research which important component is the synergetic. It plays an important role in the concept of coevolution realization which considers mutual relation of the person and the nature, the micro- and the mega-world. The article demonstrates that having revealed the laws of functioning of complexly evolutionizing, nonlinear systems, synergetic thus posed the fundamental questions of both epistemological and ideological and value nature
Social Sciences and Humanities
233 articles
147 kb

LEXICAL AND STYLISTIC PROBLEMS Of THE POLITICAL MEDIA DISCOURSE TRANSLATION (on the material of English and Russian languages)

abstract 1341710004 issue 134 pp. 39 – 46 29.12.2017 ru 207
The article is devoted to the consideration of lexical and stylistic problems of political media discourse translation. The work compares the English-language fragments of the political discourse of the media and their translations into Russian in order to identify features of the translation of linguistic means, taking into account their pragmatic potential. The article emphasizes the manipulative potential of the political media discourse with the aim of influencing public opinion, forming the necessary attitude of the masses to power, lexical and stylistic features of the texts of the political discourse of the media are revealed to realize this potential. The theoretical significance and novelty of this study is due to the greatly increased interest in the study of the political discourse of the media in the aspect of translation, since the political discourse of the media reflects social and political events in the life of society, while an adequate translation of the political discourse of the media ensures the creation of the foreign political image of the state and its political leaders. It is concluded that the translator should not only correctly choose the lexical and -stylistic means in the target language, but also take into account non-linguistic factors when choosing strategies and tactics of translation. Among the main strategies for translating political media discourse, one can note the selection of equivalents and functional analogs, compensation and generalization of meanings
139 kb

PLACE NAMES IN THE TRILOGY “THE LORD OF THE RINGS” AS LITERATURE TRANSLATION OBJECTS

abstract 1341710005 issue 134 pp. 47 – 58 29.12.2017 ru 136
The article examines new-coined place names as a part of a virtual world in the trilogy “The Lord of the Rings” by J.R.R. Tolkien in the translation aspect. The translation of the realities in the fantasy style literature is a complicated problem, as they possess some implicit meaning that makes translating process more difficult. It provides a complex of pragmatic translation strategies for transformation of such linguoculturally marked components of a fiction text, combining the theoretical approach and the writer’s ideas
126 kb

“THE WORD OF THE YEAR” AS A DISCOURSE FORMULA IN ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGES IN CONTEMPORARY REALITIES

abstract 1341710028 issue 134 pp. 339 – 348 29.12.2017 ru 96
The reality of a contemporary global society - «The Word of the Year» and the possibility of it to be a discourse formula are discussed in the article. In the conditions of global development of social, economic, political and cultural spheres the idea of a choice of the word of the year is priority in the further development of cultural linguistics and philology basic aspects. In our country and abroad experts, literary critics and common people express the opinion at the initial stage of competition to reveal the most important words. Frequency of the word usage, its content and clearness are in the focus of the attention. In the article the length of the usage is defined, this period should not be fewer than 12 months. The choice of a word in the different countries varies, it depends on life events at the differentiated levels. In the analyzed countries words are partly the same, but also differ, it means that in diverse conditions – social-cultural, political, economic - the thinking and mentality coincide in general. In the conclusion it is possible to note that the keywords, that passed the selection of the competition «Word of the year», can be considered as a discourse formula in different kinds of a discourse and in many countries
Social Sciences and Humanities
19 articles
444 kb

INVESTIGATION OF CONDITIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF RUNOFF FLOODS AND FLOODS IN 2017 AND THE FORECAST OF FLOODS ON RIVERS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1301706002 issue 130 pp. 56 – 67 30.06.2017 ru 347
An analysis was made of the conditions for the formation of runoff floods and floods in river watersheds, which is an important part of the assessment of water and resource potential in floods in river basins. The article proves that in order to protect the territories from flooding in river basins, it is necessary to know the climatic and anthropogenic factors, the hydraulic regime of rivers, the relief of the terrain, the engineering-geological and hydrological conditions for the formation of floods and floods. The forecast of parameters and levels of emergency caused by the spring-summer flood of 2017 is fulfilled. The practical focus of the study is the possibility of developing recommendations for the justification of measures to fight floods
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 593
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
166 kb

SOME TOURISM PROBLEMS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION AND WAYS FOR THEIR SOLUTION AT RUSSIAN REGIONS PROMOTION

abstract 1241610094 issue 124 pp. 1428 – 1438 30.12.2016 ru 578
The main goal of this article is to pinpoint some main to our mind problems of tourism in the Krasnodar region and Russia, such as charter programs to Krasnodar region and Russia absence, visa application difficulties for foreign tourists
Social Sciences and Humanities
374 articles
122 kb

PROBLEMS OF NOTIFYING THE OFFENDER ABOUT THE PLACE AND THE TIME OF DRAWING UP A PROTOCOL ON ADMINISTRATIVE VIOLATION

abstract 1341710009 issue 134 pp. 115 – 124 29.12.2017 ru 105
This article is devoted to the study of problematic issues related to notification of the person brought to administrative responsibility, the place and the time of the drawing up of a protocol. Lack of proper regulatory legal regulation of the order of call of this participant in the process gives rise to ambiguous law enforcement practice. Non-recognition of the notice as appropriate leads to a decision to terminate the proceedings in the case of an administrative offense and, as a consequence, to the removal of the offender from punishment. The article analyzes various ways to notify people, the authors emphasize the merits and demerits of these methods. The conclusion of the article suggests ways of improving the legislation regulating the procedure for notifying persons about the need for presence to draw up a protocol
134 kb

THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE DEFINITION OF LEGAL CAPACITY IN CIVIL LAW OF RUSSIA AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES

abstract 1341710023 issue 134 pp. 273 – 282 29.12.2017 ru 159
The article is devoted to the analysis of the concept of legal capacity, which is one of the fundamental concepts in the science of civil law. The authors have covered approaches to the disclosure of this concept in the legal systems of foreign countries. The common features inherent in all considered variants of interpretation were revealed. Legal capacity is a sufficient criterion for establishing the fact of the legal existence of a legal entity. In accordance with Art. 17 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, legal capacity is the ability of an individual to have rights and bear responsibilities. The emergence of the legal capacity of an individual is determined by the moment of his birth (clause 2 of Article 17 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation). Accordingly, the termination of legal capacity is determined by the moment of biological death (clause 2 of Article 17 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation), since the subject of law no longer exists. If the person has been declared dead, but in fact is alive, this does not detract from his legal capacity, he automatically continues to use his legal capacity, respectively to enjoy the full range of rights and bear the responsibilities. In the scientific literature, both passive and active legal capacity are distinguished. The authors study different approaches, shows the lack of a common understanding of legal capacity, but all analyzed doctrinal approaches have a common feature - all reflections concern a certain person, his rights and duties. The authors concluded that the key component of legal capacity is the ability to be a subject of statutory rights and obligations
121 kb

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF COUNTERACTION TO REHABILITATION OF NAZISM

abstract 1341710024 issue 134 pp. 283 – 290 29.12.2017 ru 124
The article considers the problems of addressing and grounds of criminal responsibility for the rehabilitation of Nazism, the concept and methods of committing this crime. This article uses various opinions of scientists-lawyers of Russia on the rehabilitation of Nazism, such as: S. V. Rozenko, A. A. Turysheva, M. L. Prokhorova and gives an opinion on the need to implement the article 354 (1) of the criminal code of the Russian Federation fully and the Federal law from 13.03.95, №32-FZ "About days of military glory and anniversaries of Russia"
Social Sciences and Humanities
271 articles
674 kb

METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE FORMATION OF THE DATABASE BASED ON THE ICONOGRAPHY OF PLANTS

abstract 1341710046 issue 134 pp. 570 – 584 29.12.2017 ru 58
The article considers methodological approaches to creating a database of the agricultural crops iconography. At present time, involving in the educational and scientific process the artistic works, as a resource of visual information, becomes a very actual and even indispensable tool for the formation of new knowledge about cultivated plants. The work deals with iconography as a system of images of certain subjects and characters presented in painting, ceramics, mosaic, sculpture, tapestry, murals, stamps, postcards, posters, labels, photos giving information about this or that agricultural plant. Electronic databases are the kind of information portal with visual images. Databases for the iconography of agricultural plants are successfully used in the scientific process, because exist the e evidence of changes in plants under the influence of scientific selection, the search for rare and ancient genotypes. Any source of information contains only a certain set of information, far from exhausting existing points of view, statistical data, analytical calculations relating directly or indirectly to this topic. Due to this circumstance, there is a need to search for new forms of information that can be successfully implemented in the iconography of the image of agricultural plants. The creation of electronic databases includes several stages. Development of the database structure. If this is a separate topic, then the basic questions of the topic are revealed and saturated with visual images. Selection of visual images. As visual images we can consider paintings of artists, cartoons, drawings, schemes, infographics, i.e. illustrations of various kinds
551 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A DISTANCE COURSE IN THE MOODLE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

abstract 1331709030 issue 133 pp. 365 – 378 30.11.2017 ru 301
Presently, the problem of carrying into effect of distance technologies in higher education is becoming more urgent. The article analyzes various software products with the help of which a distance course can be developed, and the stages of its development are described. The choice of modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment Moodle as a system for organizing distance courses in higher education is founded. There are described not only the advantages of Moodle learning environment, but also the drawback which is connected with the impossibility to identify a user that requires additional use of information technologies. There are also regarded the methodical and technical features of the distance learning course development in this learning environment. A particular attention is paid to the interactive coordination of the teacher and students, which is realized by creating a chat or forum for convenient and fast exchange of messages between users, besides, the teacher has the possibility to monitor the work of students not only offering control and test tasks, but also determining the deadline for the assignment to be fulfilled, the possibility of a repeated access to correct errors. There is presented the experience of developing a distance course in the Moodle study environment at the Priamursky State University for the discipline "Theory of Probability and Mathematical Statistics"
106 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF DESIGN THINKING OF BACHELORS AS A WAY OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES FORMATION

abstract 1331709049 issue 133 pp. 653 – 659 30.11.2017 ru 227
The article reveals the problem of inconsistency of modern professional education structure of the labor market needs. The considered possibility of formation of professional competence of bachelors of design through the development of personal qualities in the design activity. The authors propose a solution to the problem, which is to focus University education on the formation of the model competence designer. The concept design represents the art and design work based on advanced design thinking, which is based on creative thinking and practical skills, backed up by self-organization of personality. Competence includes knowledge, skills, abilities, personal qualities and under certain conditions, these categories may be considered from the standpoint of professional competence. The authors mean by the methods of formation of professional competence of certain techniques and ways of interacting of the teacher and the bachelors of design in project activities that conform to the competence approach in education aimed at the formation and development of social, communicative, professional and other qualities of the person. This allows students more fully realized in modern socio-economic conditions. In the modern educational process by preparation of bachelors of design the authors identify methods of activization of educational activity, organization of independent work and research activity of students, as most conducive to the formation of common cultural and professional competences of future designers
Health Sciences
49 articles
489 kb

THE POSSIBILITY OF THE DETERMINATION OF SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISMS AND HLA-GENOTYPING OF EMBRYONES ON THE BASIS OF THE GENETIC MATERIAL OF THE BLASTOMERES IN THE PROGRAMS OF PREIMPLANTATION SCREENING

abstract 1341710008 issue 134 pp. 99 – 114 29.12.2017 ru 111
The research shows the possibility of extended preimplantation genetic screening (PGD) that allows to improve the strategy of selection of embryos that satisfies not only the requirement of the absence of chromosomal abnormalities, but also includes their additional check for predisposition to various diseases, as well as the choice of the embryo with the most optimal HLA haplotype in cases with expressed compatibility of parents for HLA-genes
134 kb

LEVEL OF MOTIVATION OF CREW FOR FIRST AID TREATMENT ON SHIPS OF COMMERCIAL FLEET

abstract 1341710089 issue 134 pp. 1096 – 1105 29.12.2017 ru 106
The results of the questionnaire survey of cadets of Maritime University, Maritime College and students who had been given training in the Institution of Advanced Training are presented. It is revealed that the level of motivation of ship personnel for first aid treatment to victims on commercial ships is two times lower than that of cadets. The conclusion about the necessity of solution the legal aspects of sailorsparamedics, working under the Russian flag was made
157 kb

PSEUDOEXFOLIATION SYNDROME AS A RISK FACTOR FOR CENTRAL RETINAL VEIN OCCLUSION

abstract 1311707088 issue 131 pp. 1067 – 1075 29.09.2017 ru 380
The retrospective study of patients with retinal vein occlusion and frequency of pseudoexfoliation syndrome is made in this study. Retinal vein occlusion is the second most common type of retinal vascular disorder, after diabetic retinal disease, and may develop with a consequent reduction in visual acuity. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is an age-related disease characterized by the production and accumulation of a fibrillar extracellular material in several ocular tissues We have analyzed data of 73 patients with retinal vein occlusion. It was detected that risk of central vein occlusion is higher in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (23,3% of patients were diagnosed as having pseudoexfoliation syndrome). In the branch retinal vein occlusion group only 9,3% of patients had pseudoexfoliation syndrome. In control group only 8,6% of patients had this syndrome. Control group was made of 80 patients similar in age without any retinal and cardiovascular abnormalities, patients with episodes of ocular hypertension, glaucoma, and those who had undergone cataract surgery were excluded from the study. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome may be considered as an independent risk factor for development of central retinal vein occlusion
Health Sciences
85 articles
335 kb

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND DISEASE PATHOLOGICAL CHANGES IN PIGS INFECTED WITH ASF VIRUS ISOLATES FROM WILD BOARS

abstract 1341710086 issue 134 pp. 1055 – 1065 29.12.2017 ru 119
This report represents the results of study of ASF clinical signs and pathological changes in dead pigs infected with an ASF virus isolated from wild boars in 2016. The ASF virus circulating among wild boars in the Central and the North-Western Districts was found to be virulent, and causes the death of animals in terms characteristic of acute and subacute forms with no development of a full symptom complex of the disease
149 kb

MORPHO-FUNCTIONAL STATE OF BROILER CHICKENS ADRENAL CAPSULES UNDER DIFFERENT METHODS OF MANAGEMENT

abstract 1341710090 issue 134 pp. 1106 – 1116 29.12.2017 ru 77
An impact analysis of abiotic factors of ecosystems on the metabolic processes of the broiler chicken organism under various methods of poultry operation has been carried out. The analysis results confirm that the enorganic biochemical processes are under the influence of the environment, and any changes in its condition cause the development of response reactions of the organism at the biochemical level. The source of control of the relative constancy of the milieu interieur is the interaction of tropic and effector hormones. Adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol are the main hormones of adaptation. The activity of the adrenal capsules turns to be an effector peripheral link of the reflex chain of the adaptive reaction of the organism. Adrenal hormones have a direct impact on tissue metabolism. The following aspects have been taken into consideration: technological growing conditions, production parameters, morphological blood values of chickens of different ages, quantitative content of adrenocorticotropic hormone and corticoid in the blood, morphology of the adrenal capsules. The abiotic factors of the cage management system contribute to an increase in the concentration of corticoid in the blood of broiler chickens, compared with this value of the broilers grown under the floor management
158 kb

THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BASIS FOR THE USE OF INJECTION HEPATOPROTECTORS IN THE PROPHYLACTICS OF LIVER DISEASES IN COWS

abstract 1321708027 issue 132 pp. 335 – 345 31.10.2017 ru 290
The use of intensive milk production technologies in practice, nonobservance of the principles of feeding and keeping animals leads to a decrease in the level of compensatory-regenerative processes in the body, violation of general and specific metabolic reactions, emergence of a number of pathological conditions, and, primarily, hepatopathies leading to a decrease in the productivity of dairy cattle, to the birth of unviable young animals and to the impossibility of their further exploitation. Therefore, on the background of early diagnosis of violations of the liver it is necessary to conduct adequate pharmacoprophylaxis, which prevents further development of hepatopathies with the help of hepatoprotectors. These preparations include a new injectable one – livazen, the mechanism of action of which works due to its antioxidant and membrane-stabilizing action. The preparation has a lipotropic effect, favorably affects the antitoxic and pigmentary function of liver, and increases resistance to hypoxia and various kinds of intoxication. Research conducted to study its effect in the system of prophylactic measures of hepatosis in sterile cows showed that on the background of the use of lavazen there was a significant increase in total protein by 16,6% and increase in albumins - by 13,8%. The level of γ-globulins, on the contrary, decreased by 20,9%. The study of the preparation had a normalizing effect on lipid metabolism, which was manifested by an increase in the concentration of triglycerides in 3,1 times and increase in cholesterol by 24,7%. An increase in the concentration of calcium by 14,5% was also found out. The use of livazen allowed to ensure a tendency towards a decrease in enzyme activity (according to AST - by 6,9%, by ALT - by 24,4%, according to alkaline phosphatase - by 11,6%), in contrast to control animals whose aspartate aminotransferase increased by 11,3% from the initial; ultrasonography of liver of cows confirmed the expressed effectiveness of the pharmacoprophylaxis
Social Sciences and Humanities
17 articles
135 kb

CHOIR THEATHRE: EXPERIENCE OF COMPREHENSION

abstract 1341710012 issue 134 pp. 146 – 154 29.12.2017 ru 106
In the center of the article, there is the problem of establishing a new socio-cultural phenomenon of choral theatre. Because its borders were fluid and blurred, the epicenter of the search is genre mixing, which involved the drama theatre, academic and folk choral performance, musical. Stage movement is used particularly active in the works of folk themes. One of the simple shapes that meet the needs of visualization in music is performance in a "media escort." Close border of theatrical and choral genres with the actual choir is often manifested at the level of the dual nature of the performing life works: in a traditional concert performance and in staging
172 kb

ROLE OF SEMANTICS IN MUSICAL THEMATIC OF THE CHINESE CONCERTS FOR THE PIANO WITH ORCHESTRA

abstract 1341710077 issue 134 pp. 957 – 967 29.12.2017 ru 103
The Article is devoted to substantial aspects of the Chinese piano concerts. As the carrier of sense, semantics is investigated. Examples of semantics are given from three program concerts: "Yellow River" Yin Chengzonga and creative group – Chu Wanghua, Liu Zhuang, Sheng Likhoun, Shi Shuchen and Xu Feysin, "The mountain wood" of Liu Dunan and "Beauty of spring" of Du Mingxin. One of important typological features of the Chinese piano concerts is caused by the appeal to model of the European classical tool concert in respect of interpretation of a form, performing structure, a role of the soloist tool, its ratio with orchestra, etc. All the composers initially sought to embody national musical contents in the European genre. It is implemented first of all through a semantic complex. Proceeding from hierarchy of the semantic importance, it can be classified as follows: 1) semantics of images of the nature, 2) semantics of sounding of national tools, 3) semantics of melodies, popular in the Chinese environment, 4) genre semantics, 5) semantics of means of musical expressiveness. Introduction of semantics to musical language bears communicative function. The important value had also that presence of a semantic range at the art text is natural to consciousness and art perception of the Chinese
548 kb

PIANO CONCERTO “ТHE ELEGANCE OF SPRING” BY DU MINGXIN: FIGURATIVE SYSTEM, MAIN STYLE LINES

abstract 1321708013 issue 132 pp. 156 – 175 31.10.2017 ru 210
The article is devoted to history of creation of the piano Chinese concert – “Тhe elegance of spring” by Du Mingxin. On the basis of the biography of the composer reconstructed by the author of article on materials interviewed by him and to other sources, the history of emergence of the Concert is recreated. The short characteristic of contents and the theoretical analysis of the main means of expression and composition of all three parts is given. It is established that the first part is written in the form of sonata Allegro with a mirror reprise and a masterly large-scale cadence in it, the second part – an irregular three-part shape with an episode and the final – shining the rondeau sonata. In the conclusion, it is emphasized that Du Mingxin has created the work, national on contents and intonation, on the basis of the European classical canons. National it is embodied first of all through attitude, intonation, the rhythmic drawing. Among a big complex of conclusions, the paramount role of traditions of S. Rachmaninov is especially noted. In his piano concerts, expressive opportunities of east music, first of all mode and intonation, are embodied with unique art perfection. In Du Mingxin's Concert classical balance between a ratio of parties of the soloist and orchestra is reached. The invoice of party of the pianist is masterly, rich with lyrical melodies, the pair structure of orchestra is fully used. “Тhe elegance of spring” – a concert competition of equal creative sizes
Social Sciences and Humanities
8 articles
1449 kb

THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 847
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
143 kb

THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 800
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
610 kb

ARCHITECTURE OF THE ESTLYANDSKAYA PROVINCE – A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION AND THE BASE OF N.M. SOKOLOV’S CREATIVE METHOD (neogothic style of the Baltic region and its reflection in the architectural appearance of the Southern capital)

abstract 1201606005 issue 120 pp. 115 – 128 30.06.2016 ru 920
N. M. Sokolov was the chief architect of Rostov-onDon city and as well as the author of the concept of architectural preferences continuity of a "brick style" at the end of XIX- beginning XX centuries that is presented in the article. The author assumes that the creative method of the architect was affected by the childhood and youth when he lived in Baltic and also the beginning of architectural and art activity of the master taking place in Riga. The author investigates the architectural development of the Baltic region, taking in attention that the value of N. M. Sokolov’s architectural creations has deep roots hidden in the development of architectural tradition of Baltic and in particular Riga where the master of a neogothic style of Rostov was born. The author reveals the main distinctive features of the Baltic architecture, the Gothic principle formation in the Baltic in terms of development of cities and cult sights of Riga and their transformation from the late Gothic into mannerism and neogothic style, the influence of cult Lutheran tradition on cult orthodox architecture. The author also considers construction materials of cult architecture, local design features of architecture of the Latvian people. The concepts "northern gothic style", "brick style" are revealed from the point of view of development of a Gothic form and influence of Medieval architecture on N. M. Sokolov's creativity
Social Sciences and Humanities
57 articles
230 kb

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF EMPLOYMENT OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN RUSSIA

abstract 1341710025 issue 134 pp. 291 – 302 29.12.2017 ru 197
The article shows the situation of persons with disabilities in the employment system. The article analyses the socio-economic situation of Russian people with disabilities and the experience of foreign countries in solving the problems of employment of people with disabilities. We also give recommendations for solution of problems related to employment of people with disabilities
216 kb

PERSONAL FEATURES OF THE SELFREGULATION SUBJECT AS A FACTOR DETERMINING THE SELFORGANIZATION STRATEGY IN A SITUATION OF CHOICE

abstract 1341710073 issue 134 pp. 905 – 923 29.12.2017 ru 115
In the article, personal features of self-regulation of the subject are considered. Training activity of the students is investigated. The results of the research demonstrate contribution of the selfregulation features and with them related other personality characteristics (self-efficacy, viability) to the processes of student self-organization in context of choice of a learning task. Differences in self-organization strategies (adaptation-aimed and non-adaptive self-organization) are shown, with different personality characteristics. A connection between the self-organization strategies and their regulatory features is shown, with the choices made by the subject. Personal characteristics are identified, which represent a psychological resource of a sustainable adaptive self-organization strategy, allowing making and realizing the choice in favor of a new/complex situation
181 kb

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN RELATING TO THE USE OF EGADGETS

abstract 1331709013 issue 133 pp. 134 – 150 30.11.2017 ru 255
The article considers the important aspect of the problem "Parent – child – e-gadget" for the study of the personality traits of children differing in the use of e-gadgets. These personality traits pertain to social and personal properties, to acquired gaming abilities, to elements of identity. The authors have highlighted the content of the terms used in the study of peculiarities of development of personal-social qualities of children. Methods developed by the authors for their empirical research are: the questionnaire "The Use of E-devices by Children", the expert survey "Socio-personal Characteristics of a Child", the monitoring "The Child's Ability to Play Egadgets," the expert survey "Elements of Identity of a Child". The study involved 78 children from six to seven years, pupils of preparatory groups of preschool educational institutions of the village Poltava (the Krasnodar region). Three groups of parents were identified that differ in norming of using a gadget by a baby: "Any gadget allowed" (42%), "Only one gadget allowed" (46%), "No gadgets allowed" (13%). The article presents the analysis of data of the empirical research of three groups of preschool children, depending on the level of norming of using e-gadgets by children. In conclusion, the authors identified personality traits (pertaining to social and personal properties, to acquired gaming abilities and elements of identity) of children differing in the use of e-gadgets
Social Sciences and Humanities
6 articles
316 kb

THE CHOICE OF ICE REMOVAL METHODS FROM ARTIFICIAL AERODROME PAVEMENTS ON THE BASIS OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS

abstract 1291705004 issue 129 pp. 47 – 61 31.05.2017 ru 456
The article describes the main methods of ice removal from artificial aerodrome pavements. Natural-climatic factors affecting the aerodrome pavement condition are analyzed and it is shown how flight safety depends on the pavement condition. The article also informs on the factors causing different kinds of ice formation on artificial aerodrome pavements and machine hours needed for their deicing. It touches upon the problem of the uncertainty factor consideration in the management of various systems, and considers decision-making criteria in the general theory of decision-making under conditions of uncertainty. The author offers the choice of deicing methods on the basis of mathematical methods with the use of simulating and checking program called "Optimal strategy in choosing methods of airfield preparation", which helps to use aerodrome equipment more efficiently, prolong its service life, and save efforts, means and machine resources
221 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF CHECKING THE STATUS OF SEPARATE ISSUES WEAPONS, MILITARY EQUIPMENT AND ECONOMICAL ACTIVITY OF THE LOGISTICS SERVICE AND THEIR QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT

abstract 1221608011 issue 122 pp. 119 – 134 31.10.2016 ru 756
Experience shows that in the current situation of high demands and large intensity of combat training of troops and fleet forces in the military and ship’s administration supervision can be and objectively necessary to permanently find new principles of management in order to search reserves, savings and increasing efficiency. Analysis and diagnostics of economical activity is an effective mean of familiarization the results of the structural units of logistics service. The article presents an introduction of mathematical methods in the process of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity. The result of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity should be the analysis of status of audited procedures management. The checking of status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service should be performed using the parameters set and approved by he governing documents of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense on the basis of expert method, where experts are members of the stocktaking groups. Based on conducted research, there was developed a software algorithm, which is proposed to use in the procedure of checking the status of separate issues weapons, military equipment and economic activity of the logistic service and their quantitative assessment
145 kb

ASSESSMENT OF MILITARY AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION OF CONSCRIPTS

abstract 1221608012 issue 122 pp. 135 – 145 31.10.2016 ru 827
The article presents a methodology of assessment of military and professional adaptation of conscripts considering a 12 month length service. This methodology intended to be used by officers (supervisors) at work with staff to monitor the dynamics, diagnostics and forecasting of the military personnel adaptation process and the adoption of corrective and management solutions. It includes criteria for testing and monitoring the daily activities, which are integrated with common methodological positions into the adaptation process of an assessment system. Developed methodology of military and professional adaptation assessment lead to necessity to develop certain types of conscript’s adaptive behavior. To make this methodology more effective in implementation, there was developed software, which allows receiving recommendations by command staff for the management of the adaptation process of each soldier after initial data entering. The developed software is aimed to be used by command staff for improvement of the effectiveness of subordinate personnel and does not require a special training
Social Sciences and Humanities
48 articles
144 kb

THE SUBJECT OF SOCIOLOGY AND CULTUROLOGY IN THE ASPECT OF INTEGRATION OF THE SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH

abstract 1341710007 issue 134 pp. 88 – 98 29.12.2017 ru 61
This article is devoted to the methodology of the research of the new of the academic discipline "Sociology and Culturology" for «Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin». The article describes the specific tasks posed by the teaching staff of the social and humanitarian department in the connection with the introduction of the integrated academic discipline into the educational process, including problems that require immediate of the resolution. The article reflects the integrative character of the new discipline, the lines of conjugation of the social and cultural components of the scientific knowledge. The main form of the work of the student audience on the practical training is the working with the primary sources, literary texts, which are subjected to the sociological analysis. The authors suggest, that in the process of the development of the new integrative discipline "Sociology and Culturology» students will be able to navigate in the contemporary socio-cultural situation, self-describe and analyze the processes of the world community. The authors of this article share their thoughts on the inclusion of an integrated discipline in the dialogical concept of social and humanitarian of the knowledge, believing that the focus of the subject "Sociology and Culturology" is a dialogue that is actualized in the text. The optimization of the subject's thinking activity through of the dialogue, according to the authors, contributes to the formation of a harmonious personality with the development of a civic position, an understanding of the historical and social conditioning of the individual's activities
121 kb

LEGAL CULTURE AS A KIND OF SOCIAL CULTURE IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

abstract 1341710010 issue 134 pp. 125 – 133 29.12.2017 ru 127
This article describes the social culture of an individual as a systemically important indicator of the higher education system. The social culture of an individual is the core of the reproduction of different educational levels, the social institution of education in general, the spiritual sphere of the society. One of the types of the social culture of a future specialist is the legal culture. A high level of the legal culture allows the students to realize their abilities, interests, and needs. At the same time the legal culture is aimed at educating a socially conscious citizen. The author of the article clarifies the concepts of culture, social culture and legal culture, identifies the main approaches to the phenomenon under study through the main components of the higher education system. In this regard, the legal culture is viewed from the standpoint of activity and value approaches. The systematization of knowledge carried out by the author allowed to consider the content of legal culture. To study the level of the legal culture formedness in the system of higher education, the author singles out the information legal culture, the culture of the legal way of life, of social and legal activity, of value legal orientations. According to the level a future specialist possesses these types of legal culture, it is possible to give a comprehensive objective assessment of the effectiveness of the functioning and development of all components of the higher education system
147 kb

OBESITY AS A SOCIAL PROBLEM

abstract 1331709040 issue 133 pp. 505 – 516 30.11.2017 ru 269
Modern representations of threpsology demonstrate importance of harmonization of eating which consists in providing an organism with all necessary feed elements in full and energy in the corresponding quantities and ratios. The causes of obesity and measures against it, sedentary lifestyle and diseases associated with these factors. Social significance of the problem evidence of the need to combat the spread of obesity. It is established that since 1975 the number of people suffering from obesity worldwide has increased more than three times; more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older were overweight, of which over 650 million people were obese; 39 % of adults 18 years and older, were overweight, and 13% were obese. The situation with obesity in the CIS countries is ambiguous. In the post-Soviet space, the situation with obesity in adults and children gradually becomes threatening. Domestic and foreign experience indicate that the most accessible and economically feasible method of correcting the nutrition and health of the population is the inclusion in the diet of modern man healthy food, having direct functional properties
Social Sciences and Humanities
21 articles
154 kb

THE YOUTH SELF-GOVERNMENT IN RUSSIA: THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS, FUNCTIONS AND LEVELS

abstract 1291705038 issue 129 pp. 432 – 446 31.05.2017 ru 553
The article is devoted to the research of the main factors, functions and levels of the development of the youth self-government organizations in modern Russia. Youth self-government organizations represent one of the most successfully developing institutes of the civil society that uses the most efficient mechanisms of the participation of this category of citizens in the process of functioning of the governmental and non-governmental institutions and organizations. Youth self-government is characterized by such categories as versatility and divergence; it works at various levels and includes specific factors and functions
165 kb

PROBLEMS OF GENDER ASYMMETRY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: WAYS OF REGULATION

abstract 1271703015 issue 127 pp. 260 – 269 31.03.2017 ru 694
In the article we examine the gender approach in public administration. There were analyzed gender disparities in the public administration of the Russian Federation and their influence on managerial decisionmaking. We have found the distribution of power between the sexes and their relationship to gender stereotypes. There were suggested the ways of regulation of gender asymmetry in the public administration
159 kb

POLITICAL PROCESSES IN UKRAINE AS A THREAT TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1231609140 issue 123 pp. 2098 – 2112 30.11.2016 ru 669
The article examines the political changes that have taken place in Ukraine in 1990-2000. There were analyzed the threats to the Russian Federation due to the growth of anti-Russian sentiments in Ukraine, as well as the coup d'etat of 2014 in Kiev, as a result of what the nationalists came to power and the UkrainianDonbass war began. There were suggested the possible options to reduce the Russophobia and to preserve the historical memory and humanitarian cooperation between the two countries
Social Sciences and Humanities
29 articles
136 kb

MUSIC BY L. VAN BEETHOVEN AND V.A. MOZART IN JAPANESE ANIMATION

abstract 1321708031 issue 132 pp. 391 – 398 31.10.2017 ru 246
The author of the article considers the experience of citing academic music in Japanese anime. Composers of Japan, along with modern music, use fragments from the world's musical heritage. The most cited are the works of L. van Beethoven (Symphony No. 5) and V.А. Mozart (the aria of the Queen of the Night from the opera The Magic Flute, Sonata D-dur (K448) for two pianos). In the process of citing the classical heritage, music can either perform an illustrative function, or play the role of the semantic initiating anime as a synthetic art form
141 kb

THE VALUES OF THE ART OF RUSSIAN EMBROIDERY IN THE FOLK CULTURE AS A SOCIO-CULTURAL PHENOMENON

abstract 1311707075 issue 131 pp. 914 – 923 29.09.2017 ru 373
A study of the Russian costume and household items was carried out. It is proved that folk art of embroidery has deep artistic and craft traditions and historical roots and is a special socio-cultural type of folk culture. The ornaments were one of the characteristic features of Russian clothing, its technical techniques of embroidery, specific ornamental motifs and colors, which determine its originality, being, as it were, a passport of culture, its historical path, intercultural and interethnic ties. It is determined that decorative decoration with embroidery of costume complexes, related to archaism, is the value of Russian folk culture at historical stages as universal values. The nature and quantity of embroidery, even the semantic meaning of ornamental patterns, depended on the expediency, characteristic of folk clothes, on reasons of economy, age and local differences, and various customs in accordance with which clothes were used. Images of ancient Slavic mythology came into folk embroidery and lived there for centuries not by chance. They decorated clothes, towels, and ghosts, which had important ritual significance during folk festivals and traditional rituals. The people faithfully observed the laws of fathers and grandfathers, along with them, from generation to generation, images of ancient mythology also came. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
174 kb

SOCIOCULTURAL PROJECTS OF DM. MEREZHKOVSKY AND I. ILYIN

abstract 1291705013 issue 129 pp. 156 – 169 31.05.2017 ru 449
The article is devoted to utopian projects of Dm. Merezhkovsky «The Third Kingdom» and I. Ilyin «The Russian Idea». The methodological basis of the study is a phenomenological concept of «life-world». The utopia considered in the present paper as a phenomenon of sociocultural reality, including the characteristic features of the civilization on the basis of which it is formed. Projects directed to the synthesis of religion and culture through spiritual rebirth of man. The specificity of utopias is revealed – spirituality and metaphysics, which allowed to define them as sociocultural projects
Physical Sciences and Engineering
26 articles
774 kb

UNIQUE NATURAL MONUMENTS AND THE CONDITIONS OF THE KABARDINO-BALKAR REPUBLIC AND THE NORTH CAUCASUS TO ORGANIZE ECOLOGICAL TOURISM

abstract 1341710057 issue 134 pp. 720 – 732 29.12.2017 ru 95
The article focuses on the unique nature of the CBD and the North Caucasus, and to existing problems. It was noted that many areas of protected and recreational areas are eroded and disturbed by human activities and environmental tourism in the regions is not developed. We have made a justification for the establishment of eco-tourism, the key objectives and tasks. On the example of Kabardino-Balkaria, there was set scientific and technological rationale of the organization of the centers of ecological tourism in the regions. The article shows a comparative analysis about the developing ecological tourism in Europe as an active form of recreation. Unlike European counterparts, in our project we have a strong emphasis on the popularization and implementation of environmental technologies for the protection and improvement of springs, hiking trails and recreation areas for tourists. You can find descriptions of the most interesting and amazing natural monuments, and recreation areas divided in ecological routes and areas of the CBD. The mountain zones of the CBD are mainly located in four valleys: in the Baksan, Cherek, Chehem and Malka, where these amazing natural monuments and landscapes are. The authors conducted a field research work for the study of the unique natural sites in all environmental routes and areas of the CBD. In conclusion, it is noted that in our region there is great potential for organization of ecological tourism and all these beautiful natural conditions are the basis for this. The development of ecological tourism will further attract more than 10 thousand tourists who are interested in nature in Kabardino-Balkaria and environmental issues in the region
329 kb

TOURIST CLUSTERS AS SPATIAL MODELS OF ORGANIZATION OF TOURISMRECREATIONAL ACTIVITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE BLACK SEA COAST OF THE KRASNODAR REGION)

abstract 1331709051 issue 133 pp. 682 – 696 30.11.2017 ru 338
In the given article, we explore the territory organization of tourism in the Krasnodar region. General route models of trips are considered. M. Clauson’s theory about dependence demand of distance of a trip is explored. Also, the efficiency of testing this theory in modern conditions was taken up. Theoretical and practical aspects of clusters in a tourist-recreational complex, such as substance of cluster approach in tourism, ways of determining the geographic boundaries of clusters and other details are investigated. The territory of the Krasnodar region has grate tourist potential, but the flow of tourists is very unevenly distributed. This is the reason why a new one clustering of the Black Sea cost in the region is offered. It means care of the administrative boundaries of municipalities and zoning on the basis of accessibility of attractive excursion objects in respect to distance and influence of environment. This way of management of coastal zones in the Krasnodar region helps to govern all resources more rationally. It also provides confident development of tourism
3337 kb

CALCULATION OF MELTING RATE OF DEBRIS-COVERED AREAS OF A MOUNTAIN GLACIER

abstract 1331709078 issue 133 pp. 1062 – 1078 30.11.2017 ru 330
Considerable parts of the ablation zones of mountain glaciers in various mountain systems of the World are covered with rocks (dibris). Heat and physical properties of debris layer are very different from those of ice. Debris layer determines ablation rate and ice run-off regime. Dependently on thickness, it can accelerate ablation or totally isolate ice cover from melting. To describe ablation rate in a mathematical model correctly, one needs to include in it a block responsible for heat exchange of debris-covered areas with the atmosphere. In the paper, we consider an algorithm for calculation of ablation rate under the layer of debris, which is to be incorporated to the surface mass balance model. We also describe results of calculations of temperature distribution in a debris layer and estimates of ablation rate under the latter. All calculations were carried out for heat and physical properties of Djankuat Glacier in the Central Caucasus
.