Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Alpatova Natalia Vladimirovna

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Kuban State University
   

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Articles count: 2

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INFLUENCE OF HEAVY METALS HYDROXIDES ON WATER DISSOCIATION IN BIPOLAR MEMBRANE

abstract 1141510020 issue 114 pp. 275 – 287 30.12.2015 ru 956
The results of study of bipolar membrane – analogue of MB-2, modified with chemically introduced chromium (III), iron (III) and nickel (II) hydroxides by the method of frequency spectrum of electrochemical impedance, by infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy in combination with X-ray spectrum analysis are presented. It is shown, that sequential treatment of cation-exchanger, contained in cationexchange membrane, with metal salt solution and alkali solution does not result in formation of complex compounds of these metals with ionic groups of ion exchanger. It was found that in these conditions the presence of heavy metals in the phase of cationexchanger confirmed by X-ray analysis, however, crystals of hydroxides of heavy metals are not detected in the size range of 1000 nm to 20 nm. These heavy metal compounds are thermally unstable and their catalytic activity in the reaction of dissociation of water molecules decreases with increasing temperature during heat treatment. The introduction of low-soluble hydroxides of d-metals (chromium (III), iron (III), nickel(II)) by chemical method can significantly improve the electrochemical characteristics of a bipolar membrane. The most effective catalysts in water dissociation reaction are the hydroxides of chromium (III) and iron (III) and, as a consequence, membranes with these hydroxides have a lower value of overpotential compared with original membrane at the same current density
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STRUCTURE OF SPACE CHARGE REGION AT BIPOLAR JUNCTION AND DISSOCIATION OF WATER MOLECULES IN BIPOLAR MEMBRANE MODIFIED BY CHROMIUM(III) COMPOUND

abstract 1041410075 issue 104 pp. 995 – 1014 30.12.2014 ru 992
In the article the mathematical model of the space charge region in the bipolar membrane is considered. The structure of the space charge region under passing of electric current, and without electric current is discussed. The results of experimental studies of water dissociation in the bipolar membrane in the presence of chromium(III) are discussed
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