Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Yesayan Sofia Ashotovna

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 2

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STATE REGULATION OF ORGANIC FARMING: BASES AND FEATURES OF THE EUROPEAN AND THE U.S. LEGISLATION

abstract 1051501030 issue 105 pp. 504 – 521 30.01.2015 ru 975
Regulation of environmental protection in agricultural production is very important at the present time due to the growing trend of deterioration of the environment and public health worldwide. A severe negative impact on the environment is due to productive human activities in agriculture, one of which is soil pollution due to excessive use of pesticides. The implementation of organic methods of cultivation of agricultural crops is one of the ways of improving soil fertility. This trend was established in the EU and the US. In these countries, the sector of organic agriculture was modernized with following parameters: legislation, certification and standardization. In the article the authors analyze the characteristics of European and American legislation on organic production of agricultural products, the process of the emergence and development of this activity, as well as conditions for the formation of normative-legal acts, standards and certificates in the EU and the US. Major adverse effects of the widespread use of pesticides and other intensive methods of agricultural production were listed. We have also substantiated the need for the development of organic agriculture as a real instrument for the development of modern and competitive agriculture in the global food market, taking into account Russia's accession to the WTO. We have analyzed European and American legislation on organic production of agricultural products. The process of the emergence and development of this activity, as well as conditions for the formation of normative-legal acts, standards and certificates in the EU and the US has been revealed. We have also proved the need for the development and improvement of legislative base of the Russian Federation in the field of organic agriculture, certification and standardization, taking into account the experience, as the EU and other countries
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STATE REGULATION OF ORGANIC FARMING: CONDITION AND TENDENCIES OF ITS DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA

abstract 1121508121 issue 112 pp. 1670 – 1691 30.10.2015 ru 939
One of the important problems in the field of agriculture is soil contamination by pesticides due to excessive and unbalanced use of pesticides. The harmful effects of pesticides on the environment and human health is manifested in the contamination of water, soil, food, the development of chronic diseases and acute poisoning, malignant diseases, congenital malformations, infant mortality. An alternative to the use of chemical remedies are organic methods and techniques of cultivation of agricultural land. One of such technologies is the laser technology of cultivation of agricultural crops, the application of which makes it possible to not only produce organically clean, useful agricultural products, but also reduce the cost of crop production and increase their productivity. In the article, the Russian experience in the production of organic products, to analyze the market of organic agriculture and related infrastructure: the regulatory framework, the existing non-profit education, the legal framework, the system of environmental certification and standardization of organic agricultural products, support organic agricultural markets, as well as programs to promote organic producers products
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