Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Kulikova Nadezhda Ivanovna

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professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 4

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668 kb

ECONOMIC FEATURES OF BREEDING THE GEENITORS CATTLE OF HOLSTEIN BREED IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1582004006 issue 158 pp. 68 – 77 30.04.2020 ru 8
The problem of providing people with food remains relevant in connection with the growth of the world's population. According to statistics, by the 21st century, the production of all types of food increased by more than 20%, while at the same time, the consumption of food products per capita increased by only 6%. In Russia, the production of food products, including dairy products and beef, is not growing at an insufficient pace. In this regard, in order to stabilize and develop the livestock industry in our country, it is important to improve the material and technical base for transferring it to the intensive path of development - maximum production with the lowest labor and material costs. Based on the achievements of scientific and technological progress and a systematic approach to the production of high-quality products, an intensive direction in the livestock industry should be based, the use of highly efficient milk production technologies, based on the achievements of science and technology, and the management of cost-effective dairy cattle breeding. Of particular strategic importance is the effective improvement of the breeding qualities of cattle and the creation of conditions for the formation and effectiveness of the manifestation of genetic capabilities in animals. Currently, the problem in the livestock sector in Russia is the insufficient provision of the feed base and the introduction of rations in the technology that are adequate to the needs of highly productive animals. Statistics show that in the Russian Federation the manifestation of the genetic potential of livestock is only 60-70%. To solve this problem, fodder production should be improved; the existing set of measures should be effectively used in the development of progressive methods of forage preparation and feeding rationing, taking into account the physiology of animals. Livestock farmers of PJSC "Rodina" of the Kanevsky district of the Krasnodar region, having the status of a breeding plant for cattle breeding of the Holstein breed, reached rather high indicators for improving the genotype of dairy cattle and the effectiveness of its manifestation
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MAINTENANCE AND USE OF BREEDING COWS OF THE HOLSTEIN BREED IN THE CONDITIONS OF INTENSIVE TECHNOLOGY

abstract 1552001014 issue 155 pp. 178 – 193 31.01.2020 ru 7
Considering the fact that in Russia the development of dairy cattle breeding is based on increasing milk production in terms of providing this product, the further increase in milk yield and quality of cow's milk remains important. Some farms in Russia, including the Krasnodar region, have reached high milk production rates in whole herds of up to 12-13 thousand kg of milk per cow. Today it is important to “propagate” such farms. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to study their livestock breeders experience, approaches to the selection of cattle (calves, heifers, cows), to form herds of animals that can get high milk yield under the conditions created for them. The farm in which we conducted our scientific research is distinguished by the fact that much attention is paid to maintaining a high level of breeding and breeding, as well as to creating optimal factors for keeping, feeding and caring for animals. Agroholding Step includes 5 farms in divisions: one in the Kuban Step, two in public company of shareholders “Rodina” and two in shareholder company “Novoplastunovskaya” Three farms are located in the village of Chelbasskaya, where the cowsheds were reconstructed and equipped with new equipment. In the village of Novoplastunovskaya, new buildings were built in the territory of the old farm, and the 4th farm was built in 2018 in the new territory. All farms contain highly productive breeding cows of the Holstein breed. The Russian information programs “Selex-Dairy Cattle” and Israeli program “AfiFarm” were introduced. We have studied zoohygienic conditions in various buildings of dairy farms in the spring, where animals are constantly kept. The results obtained indicate that the cows are kept in comfortable conditions, allowing them to eat a balanced diet in accordance with their needs and to avoid many stresses what is important for the secretion of milk. Indicators of genetic potential for milk production of cows and the effectiveness of its manifestation are also determined
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POPONA FOR COMFORT AND HEALTH OF CALVES

abstract 1091505034 issue 109 pp. 573 – 584 29.05.2015 ru 611
Milk productivity of cows is largely dependent on the efficiency of their own genetic potential. For the successful solution of this question it this essential the creation of proper technological conditions for high live stock process of ontogeny beginning from the neonatal period. One of the significant factors that influence the growth, development and safety of young grows in early of young grows in early postembryonic period are zoo-hygienic conditions of calves. Currently the "cold" method of keeping calves in individual houses is developed and widely used. It promotes the increase in the intensity of growth by 8,1%, prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract improving hygienic conditions and rising of profitability of their growing by 4,2%. It is now that calves kept individual houses in the face of increasing wind and decreasing temperatures as well as high humidity of air environment in winter, feel discomfort, move less, stay lying on the litter in the house. For the purpose of warming the animals in cold frosty days keeping outside in the houses, increasing their viability, growth intensity and the guarantee of prevention gastrointestinal tract and pulmonary system diseases development the staff of the Department of private zoo techniques (animal genetics) and pig-keeping from Kuban State Agrarian University have developed Popona - blanket-clothes for calves, which will allow to redirect received from feed energy to a calf growth. It will happen by reducing energy consumption for heating the body and prevent the development of colds due to the formation and preservation of the heat in the body in the absence of wet wool on with the external precipitation
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PRODUCTIVE AND BREEDING QUALITIES OF COWS OF AYRSHIRE AND HOLSTEIN BREEDS IN THE CONDITIONS OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

abstract 1361802033 issue 136 pp. 226 – 245 28.02.2018 ru 80
Currently, in the Krasnodar region the indicators of cow productivity are steadily increasing. This was facilitated by two factors: the improvement of animal genetics and the introduction of innovations in technology. Novoplastunovskoe is one of the first farms, which paid much attention to a significant change in the technology of dairy cattle. Work began with the construction of barns "light type" with walls in the form of opening curtains for the American project. The premises are equipped with "boxes" for individual rest of animals with bedding in the form of sand; automatic heated water logs; on the roof there is a transparent skate, providing an increase in lighting and additional ventilation; ceiling fans and additional water sprinklers are installed to regulate the microclimate. The milking parlor is equipped with high-tech equipment and is integrated with the Israeli computer program “AfiFarm”. Research was carried out on an estimation of zoohygienic conditions in the winter and summer periods; the technology of processing and clearing sand - bedding for animals is studied; the interior and exterior characteristics of the cows of the Ayrshire and Holstein breeds adapted to the new conditions have been determined; with the help of the computer program “AfiFarm”, the dynamics of single and daily milk yields, the content of fat and protein in milk; calculated economic indicators of milk production from different breeds of animals
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