Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Kishkinova Evgenia Mihailovna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

associated professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Don State Technical University
   

Web site url

Email

kem0022@yandex.ru


Articles count: 1

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THE STYLISTIC TRANSFORMATION OF ARCHITECTURE OF BYZANTINING TEMPLES OF ROMANIA: THE DIALECTICS OF NATIONAL AND SUPRANATIONAL

abstract 1231609071 issue 123 pp. 1026 – 1037 30.11.2016 ru 124
The specificity of the Byzantining direction in architecture of Romania at the end of XIX- the first half of XX is determined by the presence of two lines: indirect using of Byzantine elements in secular architecture and the "pure" Byzantine style in the architecture of temples. The article is devoted to identifying the particularities of stylistic evolution of Byzantining direction of Romanian architecture in the way of the church construction. Romanian researchers follow to the division of national style into three stages (1886-1906; 1906-1918; 1918- the beginning of 1940)based on socio-political events of 1906-1918 years. Recognizing the certainty of this view the author offers to define it in relation tot he Byzantining direction of the church construction and highlight in its stylistic evolution the following stages: the last third of XIX century is the late historicism; the end of XIX- the end of 1910 s –modern; 1920 s-the first half of 1930s-the interaction of the trends of late historicism, art Deco and partly of functionalism,mid- 1930s - early 1940s-functionalism;the influence of expressionism. In the article the peculiarities of the development of the Byzantine heritage in the temple architecture of Romania have been seen, the medieval prototypes of voluminous and spatial compositions and décor have revealed. The Byzantine style in the architecture of Romania, formed in the tideway of European trends on the base of the Byzantine components of medieval Romanian architecture, became one of the way of solving the problem of national self-identification and leading due to its supranational empire character in expressing the idea of state unity by means of architecture
.