Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Laptev Sergey Vladimirovich

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associated professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 6

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580 kb

ANALYSIS OF CONDITIONS OF FORMING EFFECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS OF DAIRY SUBCOMPLEX ENTERPRISES OF AIC

abstract 1321708012 issue 132 pp. 128 – 155 31.10.2017 ru 133
The authors investigate the conditions conducive to the formation of effective associations of raw material enterprises of the agroindustrial complex and raw material processors. The unbalanced process of relations between agricultural producers and processing plants negatively affects the economic position of the partners of the merger. The diktat of low purchasing prices for raw materials by processing enterprises hinders the cost-effective operation of agricultural commodity producers. Procurement prices set by dairy processing enterprises for milk do not compensate not only production costs, but also losses from inflation. This leads to a sharp decline in the profitability of milk production. A paradoxical situation arose: on the one hand dairy plants encountered an acute shortage of raw materials, on the other, the problem of selling milk by its producers at an acceptable price was aggravated. The disparity between the purchase prices for milk and retail prices for dairy products has led agricultural enterprises to explore alternative markets. On the basis of the mathematical model of the agricultural consumer cooperative, conditions for the formation of effective associations of enterprises of the dairy subcomplex of the agroindustrial complex are analyzed
247 kb

ANALYSIS OF CONTEMPORARY FORMS OF INTEGRATION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS AND PROCESSING ENTERPRISES OF AIC

abstract 1231609096 issue 123 pp. 1392 – 1422 30.11.2016 ru 150
The development of agro-industrial integration is an objective economic process involving, on the one hand, with the social division of labor and specialization, on the other - with the necessity of interaction between specialized sectors and modes of agricultural production. Agrarian enterprises come into this unification movement, seeking to reduce the risk, the occurrence of which is associated with the production depends on climatic conditions, natural agricultural products market, the dictates of the processing enterprises, the need to improve the competitiveness of production. Processing and service companies are also seeking to secure a stable income thanks to the raw material base, better use of raw materials, improving the quality of its products, decreasing the price and conquering markets. In most cases, the object is to integrate agriculture, and direct or indirect initiators often are non-agricultural plants and firms that concentrate the bulk of production and sales of AIC final product. As a result, the concentration of production results in savings on its scale, so-called technical-technological economy. Increased production expands beyond the optimal use of machinery and equipment. The more spread out are agricultural producers, so it is more difficult to realize their interests for scaling up. In the Russian practice we have developed a variety of organizational forms of integration differ in the nature of economic relations between the parties, the degree of independence of members of the business combination, the combination of centralization and decentralization. Conventionally, they are divided into associative - "soft" and corporate - "hard". By "soft" forms of association include associations, unions, non-profit partnership and a strategic alliance. They can function effectively at the interregional level. Hard type of integration ties characteristic of plants, corporations, trusts, holding companies. Agricultural credit consumer cooperatives (ACCC) is a voluntary association of individuals and legal entities residing or conducting their business activities in certain rural areas, on the basis of membership and monetary union shares in order to meet the needs of the members in the credit and other banking services
135 kb

ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC AND OPERATIONAL RELIABILITY OF BUILDING STRUCTURES BASED ON THE STUDY OF WAVE CHARACTERISTICS OF NONLINEAR VISCOELASTIC ROD ELEMENTS OF STRUCTURES

abstract 1531909011 issue 153 pp. 122 – 131 29.11.2019 ru 4
In on-land and underground structures, machines and mechanisms, in many cases, we use rod structural elements made of viscoelastic materials. One of the methods for studying the strength characteristics of rods is the experimental measurement of the velocity of propagation of deformation waves in them and comparing it with theoretically accurate values of the velocity, determined taking into account the real physical and mechanical properties of the material. This comparison allows us to analyze the presence of microdefects in the rods. To assess the economic and operational reliability of building structures using mathematical modeling, we study the characteristics of nonlinear wave processes in viscoelastic rods, which can be used to improve the acoustic diagnostics of material microdefects
800 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF ACOUSTIC DIAGNOSTIC METHODS FOR HIDDEN MICRODEFECTS AND OPERATIONAL RELIABILITY OF VISCOELASTIC STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

abstract 1541910009 issue 154 pp. 84 – 93 30.12.2019 ru 5
The economic and operational reliability of building structures to a large extent depends on the preservation of the bearing capacity of thin-walled structures, in particular, rods with viscoelastic properties. The presence of invisible microdefects in them can lead not only to a decrease in the bearing capacity, but also to the destruction of structures. For the detection of microdefects by acoustic diagnostic methods, it is necessary to know the dependence of the longitudinal strain wave velocity on the rheological properties of the structural material. Such dependences can be revealed by the construction and analysis of mathematical models describing viscoelastic deformation waves formed in rod systems made of a material with rheological properties
207 kb

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF THE RELATIONS OF PARTNERS IN MODERN FORMS OF INTEGRATION OF AGRICULTURAL MANUFACTURERS AND PROCESSING-FORMING ENTERPRISES

abstract 1301706083 issue 130 pp. 1137 – 1159 30.06.2017 ru 261
The integration of producers of raw materials and its processors into the agro-industrial complex is connected with the social division of labor, its specialization, the need for interaction between specialized branches and types of agro-industrial production. Agrarian enterprises are united in an effort to reduce the risk, the emergence of which depends on the climatic conditions, the spontaneity of the agricultural market, the dictates of processing enterprises, the need to increase the competitiveness of production. In the Russian practice, there were various organizational forms of integration, differing in the nature of economic ties between participants, the degree of independence of the enterprises entering the association, the combination of centralization and decentralization of management. Conventionally they are divided into associative - "soft" and corporate - "hard." The "soft" forms of association include as-association, union, non-profit partnership and strategic alliance. They can effectively function at the interregional level. A rigid type of integration ties is characteristic for combines, concerns, trusts, holdings. Agricultural consumer cooperatives are voluntary associations of legal entities and individuals residing or operating in a certain rural area on the basis of membership and pooling of money units in order to meet the needs of members in credit resources and other banks services. The conditions for the emergence of sustainable integrated associations in the agroindustrial complex require qualitative and quantitative analysis based on mathematical modeling
290 kb

OBSTACLES TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF EFFECTIVE ASSOCIATIONS OF THE ENTERPRISES OF A DAIRY SUBCOMPLEX

abstract 1231609097 issue 123 pp. 1423 – 1444 30.11.2016 ru 215
The article analyzes reasons that prevent the formation of stable and effective AIC associations of commodity businesses and processors of raw materials. Unbalanced process of the relationship between agricultural producers and processing plants have a negative impact on the economic situation of the organizations partners. Dictating low purchasing prices for raw materials by processing enterprises hinders profitability of agricultural producers. Purchase prices set by the processing enterprises of the dairy industry for milk, do not compensate for not only the production costs but also the losses from inflation. The rate of growth in energy prices is significantly higher than for livestock products, bringing its cost grew faster than sales prices. This leads to a dramatic reduction in milk production profitability. A paradoxical situation: on the one hand, dairies are facing an acute shortage of raw materials, on the other - exacerbated the problem of the sale of its milk producers at a reasonable price for them. The disparity between the purchasing prices for milk and retail prices for dairy products caused agricultural companies to seek alternative markets. Sharply increased sales of milk in the bottling of milk tankers, while many farms began to create their own recycling system
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