Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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131 kb

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DETERMINATION OF ENZYMESANTIOXIDANTS CONTAINED IN HORSERADISH GROWN IN THE ASTRAKHAN REGION IN THE SUMMER AND AUTUMN

abstract 1181604089 issue 118 pp. 1377 – 1386 29.04.2016 ru 656
The article is devoted to the study of enzymesantioxidants contained in horseradish root. The article provides a detailed analysis of the sources of information, aimed at clarifying the content of enzymesantioxidants contained in horseradish root, grown in the Astrakhan region in the autumn and summer. During the analysis of the literature, it was found that the content of enzyme-antioxidants in the root of the horseradish is not constant and depends on climatic conditions, planting time and harvest time. The content of antioxidants in the root of horseradish grown in the Astrakhan region in the summer-autumn period was studied using by the method of A.N. Bach and A.I. Oparin. 2 g of horseradish roots contains the number of enzymes - antioxidants able to expand for 30 min (1,547 • 100) / (20 • 1) = 77.35 mg of hydrogen peroxide in 1 min - 2.56 mg. 1mkmol As hydrogen peroxide is 0.034 mg, in 2 g horseradish contains 76 E enzyme - antioxidants (or E 38 1 g horseradish). The results of this work will form the basis for the creation and study of new enterosorbent with antioxidant functions. Enterosorbent prepared by adsorption on starch antioxidants such as peroxidase, catalase, and ascorbic acid, from aqueous extracts of plant material
190 kb

TO THE STUDY OF ADSORPTION OF ENZYME-ANTIOXIDANTS ON STARCHES DERIVED FROM HORSERADISH TO CREATE ENTEROSORBENT WITH ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES

abstract 1181604095 issue 118 pp. 1459 – 1468 29.04.2016 ru 464
The article is devoted to studying adsorption of enzymes, antioxidants contained in horseradish root on starch to create enterosorbent with anti-oxidant properties. For this goal, we have studied adsorption isotherm calculated constants, thermodynamic parameters (change of enthalpy, entropy, and isobaric-isothermal potential); sorption kinetics of enzyme-antioxidants on starch and calculate the main characteristics. The method of producing of enterosorbent - antioxidant on based starches has been developed based on the experimental data. The ready sorbent is a white powder having no taste and smell. Insoluble in biological fluids and water. It is the solid component. The enterosorbent can be used to protect the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals against a wide variety of oxidants and peroxide. The results of this work will form the basis for the study of the antioxidant properties of the resulting enterosorbent
304 kb

INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC SOLVENTS ON WATER DISSOCIATION IN BIPOLAR MEMBRANE

abstract 1141510019 issue 114 pp. 261 – 274 30.12.2015 ru 1251
The article discusses results of experimental research of the influence of aprotic and proton solvents on reaction rate of water molecules dissociation in the bipolar membrane MB-1 by the method of electrochemical impedance frequency spectrum. It was discovered, that addition of organic component in aqueous solutions results in significant influence on the parameters of water dissociation in a bipolar region of the membrane. The reason for this influence is the reduction of the mass fraction of water in solution and, consequently, in a bipolar region of the membrane, which itself reduces the rate of the dissociation reaction. Another reason for the influence of the organic solvent is its effect on the network of hydrogen bonds existing in water and aqueous solutions. Depending on the nature of organic solvent and its concentration, the network of hydrogen bonds may be strengthened, or destroyed, thus facilitating removal of the proton involved in the reactions between water molecules and catalytic centers in cation-exchange and anion-exchange layer of bipolar membrane, or retarding removal of proton. This leads respectively to speed up or slow down the rate of dissociation in the bipolar region of the membrane, as well as changing the constants of the dissociation reaction of water. Introduction of organic solvent in solutions, which are in the contact with bipolar membrane, is a convenient method of investigating the role of solution composition on the rate of proton transfer between water molecules and catalytic centers in the membranes
1320 kb

INFLUENCE OF HEAVY METALS HYDROXIDES ON WATER DISSOCIATION IN BIPOLAR MEMBRANE

abstract 1141510020 issue 114 pp. 275 – 287 30.12.2015 ru 941
The results of study of bipolar membrane – analogue of MB-2, modified with chemically introduced chromium (III), iron (III) and nickel (II) hydroxides by the method of frequency spectrum of electrochemical impedance, by infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy in combination with X-ray spectrum analysis are presented. It is shown, that sequential treatment of cation-exchanger, contained in cationexchange membrane, with metal salt solution and alkali solution does not result in formation of complex compounds of these metals with ionic groups of ion exchanger. It was found that in these conditions the presence of heavy metals in the phase of cationexchanger confirmed by X-ray analysis, however, crystals of hydroxides of heavy metals are not detected in the size range of 1000 nm to 20 nm. These heavy metal compounds are thermally unstable and their catalytic activity in the reaction of dissociation of water molecules decreases with increasing temperature during heat treatment. The introduction of low-soluble hydroxides of d-metals (chromium (III), iron (III), nickel(II)) by chemical method can significantly improve the electrochemical characteristics of a bipolar membrane. The most effective catalysts in water dissociation reaction are the hydroxides of chromium (III) and iron (III) and, as a consequence, membranes with these hydroxides have a lower value of overpotential compared with original membrane at the same current density
312 kb

THERMOREACTIVE OLIGOMERS FROM HEXAMETHYLENE-bis-MALEIMIDE and 5,5’- bis-BENZOTRIAZOLES, AND GLUED JOINTS ON BASE OF THEM

abstract 1141510035 issue 114 pp. 478 – 491 30.12.2015 ru 917
A number of thermoreactive oligomers was obtained via the Michael interaction of molar excesses of hexamethylene-bis-maleimide with 5,5’-bisbenzotriazoles in melt. The structure of them was proved by the 13C spectroscopy method. The one-step synthesis in melt, without by-products evolution, in absence of organic solvents, additional reagents, and catalysts is the more acceptable in point of view of technology (a finished reaction product does not require any purification). The process itself is the nucleophile addition across double bond, and so it can be attributed to the atom-saving technologies. According to data of the dynamic scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the thermogravimetry (TG), oligomers fuse at 130.8–135.6 °С, cross-link at 185–250 °С, and begin their thermal destruction in air at temperatures of 400– 420 °С. The tensile strength at shear of the glued joints on base of oligomers (steel plates overlapped) is 14.2– 23.7 MPa (142–237 kgf/cm2 ). The positive effect from the introduce of 5,5’-bis-benzotriazolyl fragments into structure of bismaleimide thermoreactive oligomers on strength of the glued joints between metal plates was revealed
280 kb

VOLTAMMETRY AND ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY OF MEMBRANE SYSTEMS UNDER STABILIZED DIFFUSION LAYER THICKNESS

abstract 1131509094 issue 113 pp. 1326 – 1342 30.11.2015 ru 899
The current-voltage characteristics and the number of effective ion transfer, as well as the frequency spectrum of the electrochemical impedance of multilayer ion-exchange membranes in a stable and controllable thickness of the diffusion layer were measured, using the of rotating membrane disk complex. The article presents a comparative analysis of the frequency spectra of the electrochemical impedance of the source and a surface-modified monopolar anion exchange membranes in 0.01 M sodium chloride was made. The process of water molecules dissociation at current densities above the limiting one in 0.01 M sodium chloride solution was studied in detail
335 kb

SYNTHESIS OF SUBSTITUTED PYRIDINE- 3-SULFONYL ISOCYANATES AND PYRIDINE- 3-SULFONYL UREAS

abstract 1121508020 issue 112 pp. 274 – 286 30.10.2015 ru 857
Acylation of amides substituted with pyridine-3- sulfonic acids oxalil-chlorides and phosgene was studied. New pyridil-3-sulfonil isocyanates were synthesized. The conditions for this synthesis were optimized by taking into account the detailed understanding of this acylation. The synthesized pyridine-3-sulfonyl isozyanates were converted to pyridine-3-sulfonyl ureas. Biological activity of the new compounds was studied and the substances with high herbicidal effect were found
172 kb

ABOUT AN INTERACTION OF 3-AMINOTHIENO[2,3-b]PYRIDINE-2-CARBOX-AMIDES WITH AROMATIC ALDEHYDES UNDER CONDITIONS OF ACID CATALYSIS

abstract 1111507039 issue 111 pp. 695 – 707 30.09.2015 ru 852
The present article belongs to the area of organic chemistry, namely, to chemistry of heterocyclic compounds. For the purpose of optimization of a method of synthesis the threecyclic heteroaromatic systems containing a pyridi-ne, thiophen and pyrimidine ring in one molecule, - tetrahydropyridothienopyrimidinon and dihydropyri-dothienopyrimidinon – reaction 3-aminothieno[2,3-b]-pyridine-2-carbokxamides with aromatic aldehydes is studied, some of which contain pharmacolodical groups. Reaction was carried out in the conditions of an acid catalysis – is used p-TsOH. Influence of the nature of solvent (toluene, ethanol, mix ethanol-dimethilform-amide (1:1)) on the course and the direction of reaction are studied. It is established that carrying out reaction in toluene leads to the dihydropyrimidine containing in situation 2 phenyl, 4-bromphenyl deputies. In the presence in a molecule of initial aldehyde of the deputy in orto-situation tetrahydropyrimidine are formed. Use of ethanol mainly leads to formation of a tetrahydro-pyrimidine ring. Boiling of initial substances in mix ethanol-DMF yields the results similar to use of toluene, but time of reaction is reduced twice. The way of receiving the dihydroderivatives short-term boiling of tetrahydropyrimidine is found in mix isopropanol-DMF (a volume ratio of solvents 1:3). Identity of the received substances is proved by method of a thin layer chroma-tography. The structure of the synthesized connections is confirmed with the element analysis. The structure of tertagidropirimidinon and digidropirimidinon is proved with use of data of IK and NMR 1H of the spectral analysis
136 kb

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROTECTIVE EFFECT AND QUANTUMCHEMICAL DESCRIPTORS OF THE MOLECULES USED AS THE HYDROGENATION INHIBITORS IN THE ENVIRONMENT MICROBIOLOGICAL CORROSION CAUSED BY DESULFOVIBRIO DESULFURICANS

abstract 1101506075 issue 110 pp. 1153 – 1157 30.06.2015 ru 907
This publication examines the relationship between the structure of molecules of complexing (descriptors of electronic structure), which are used as inhibitors of hydrogen embrittlement of the steel grade St3, and the content of absorbed hydrogen in model samples-plates made of the above steel. The form of expression of this relationship is the correlation coefficient (CC) by Pearson
183 kb

ELECTROCHEMICAL STABILITY OF STRONG BASIC ANION EXCHANGE MEMBRANES IN CONDITIONS OF HIGH INTENSIVE ELECTRODIALYSIS PROCESS

abstract 1041410045 issue 104 pp. 617 – 629 30.12.2014 ru 1352
The stability of strongly basic anion-exchange membranes MA-41-2P (JSC "Schekino-Nitrogen", Russia) and AMX (Tokuyama Soda, Japan) under intensive current regimes was investigated in the current study. The process of water molecules dissociation at current densities above the limiting one in 0.01 M sodium chloride solution was studied in detail. The length of the electroconvective instability at the membrane / solution interface at currents exceeding the limiting current was measured by laser interferometry
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