Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Tsatsenko Lyudmila Vladimirovna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

Web site url

Email

t-lemna@yandex.ru


Articles count: 66

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1475 kb

THE METHOD OF SKETCHES AS AN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY FOR TRAINING SESSIONS

abstract 1161602049 issue 116 pp. 701 – 714 29.02.2016 ru 426
The work considers the method of sketches or visual notes which plays a basic role in the development of training courses. We have focused on the method of sketches as "a variety of visual notes, consisting of handwritten text, drawings, diagrams, figurative elements". For immersion of the student into the subject area or object of study, the visualization of the material is an effective technique of knowledge. Cognitive function is manifested through the ability to know the object by the image and the further formation of ideas about the structure of the material being studied. It is noted, that visual methods and techniques are especially effective in the first stage of researches. Then, there is the collection of material, knowledge of the research object. Types of pumpkins were the object of research, presented the works of artists of different periods. The collection consists of 120 images that were collected in the period from 2012 to 2016. In the work, the attempt is made using the method of visual notes and visual techniques to build images of plants pumpkins which displayed in art works of different centuries and interpreted as "a kind of door" through which we can enter in our area (introduction history of culture, archaeogenetic, developmental biology, the history of selection)
755 kb

THE ROLE OF SCIENTIFIC ILLUSTRATION IN THE HISTORY OF BIOLOGY

abstract 0841210029 issue 84 pp. 350 – 358 28.12.2012 ru 1036
Illustration is an important part of scientific work and educational process. They help us understand studying material and see the different connection among things. The different types of illustration were analyzed and we also demonstrated illustrations in scientific world, education materials and the role of abstraction in scientific illustration
887 kb

THE TECHNIQUE OF VISUAL ANALYSIS IN THE HISTORY OF PLANTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF PAINTINGS BY I. MASHKOV

abstract 1321708014 issue 132 pp. 176 – 190 31.10.2017 ru 263
In the article on the example of painterly works of the artist I.I. Mashkov there have been represented the analysis of the plants’ history. The emphasis on the image as the object of study, in the modern world has become popular for several reasons. On the one hand, it is a documentary confirmation of events, the state of the object, and sometimes the only proof of a bygone era. On the other hand, the works of art are multifaceted information about the study area, recorded by the artist with a thorough drawing of details, environment, transfer of colors, shapes. The experience of creating electronic databases as a library of electronic resources is considered. The analysis of I. I. Mashkov's art paintings made it possible to identify several semantic blocks such as the species and genetic diversity of vegetable crops; spread of cultures, i.e. introduction on the example of pumpkins, tobacco and sunflower; pottery culture (indoor flowers, species and genetic diversity of camellia, begonias), local strawberry varieties with the phenomenon of fascia, and the production of bread with variety and characteristic forms. Through the analysis of still-life paintings and part of the portraits, in the artist's desire to "express time," a peculiar "species record" of agrocultures and agro-production was created in the period from 1910 to 1940 years
760 kb

THE USE OF HUMOROUS DRAWINGS IN THE COURSE OF "HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH AGRONOMY"

abstract 1061502031 issue 106 pp. 500 – 511 28.02.2015 ru 1037
The article discusses issues related to humorous, ironic, satirical figure, which is one of the kinds of fine art. Forms, styles and genres graphs of this type were reviewed. The classical method of analysis has been used in the article, only the subject of the analysis was images of various phenomena in agronomic practice. Basic definitions of humorous illustration, showing the history of its creation are presented. In the example of drawn short stories by Dutch artist Herluf Bidstrup we show possibilities of using a humorous picture as a good example of observation of the development of plants. We have marked characteristic features of modern cartoons - the ability to largely reflect the concerns associated with the development and application of new technologies in the agricultural sector and economy. Towards a new form of comic drawing we can consider a meme as a unit of cultural information. The caricature is as follows-known work is presented in an entirely different semantic perspective, it is like tracing paper for lighting any problems. The emphasis is on the possibility of using intelligent and ironic drawings in the teaching discipline of "History and methodology of scientific agriculture" for better learning, remembering and propaganda agronomic knowledge
582 kb

THE USE OF VERBAL AND VISUAL METAPHORS IN THE TRAINING COURSES IN THE SUBJECTS OF "CYTOGENETICS" AND "GENETIC MONITORING"

abstract 1181604039 issue 118 pp. 712 – 722 29.04.2016 ru 626
The article considers issues of presentation of educational material using verbal and visual metaphors. Metaphors functions are analyzed, such as: representative, which is a new phenomenon and new object. The second function is the information, i.e., metaphor gives the initial information. The third function is called ornamental, where metaphor adorns scientific speech, makes it more intense. The fourth function of metaphor is explanatory that is metaphor explains the meaning of the phenomenon. The fifth function is economical, because the metaphor allows characterizing phenomena briefly and processes that are at a different way of expressing it was hard to describe. Sixth function is visual, as it creates an image, contributing to the achievement of this phenomenon. We have presented verbal and visual metaphors for each function in the example of teaching disciplines cytogenetics and genetic monitoring. For the implementation in the educational process of metaphors during 2 years of gathered verbal metaphors of scientific articles and books, and reinforce their visual metaphors based on works of art. It is shown that a metaphor conveys not only the primary sense, but also allows you to recreate a bright and unconventional way. In some cases, a metaphor can be a supplement to development of the new course, but sometimes they need to be the main focus in the presentation of the material
905 kb

USING EXAMPLES OF PAINTINGS IN TEACHING CYTOLOGY AS A DISCIPLINE

abstract 1111507014 issue 111 pp. 248 – 259 30.09.2015 ru 719
In our study we try to convey to students the importance of Cytology, as a discipline, with examples of paintings by various famous artists. Visualization of images is an integral part of the science of the cell. Our work focuses on such critical cytological processes such as the preparation of dyes for staining of chromosomes, polyploidy, mitosis and apoptosis. We used a series of works of the artist, D. Eltsevoy, in this regard, an important approach is to convey to students the idea about the optimality of the size of the organism at polyploidy. As the demonstration material on mitosis performs a series of pictures Julia Nudel. The paintings of this artist show the processes of cell division (mitosis) and death (apoptosis). The paintings of this artist show the processes of cell division (mitosis) and death (apoptosis). We have discussed the idea of creating illustrations in units of individual blocks of the course. The use of paintings as illustrations in the course Cytology" promotes the development of imagination, causes cognitive interest of students in the discipline. Using an image as a prop for visual perception of the subject area, paintings immerse the student into an "object" of study. The objective of our work was to conduct a search of the visual images on the example of artists ' canvas, to create an image database with explanations and interpretations. Thus, the use of paintings in the course "Cytology" as a figurative number, affects several processes: abstraction, classification, identification and creation of new, in-depth understanding of the processes occurring in the cell. This approach to the flow of the material through the paintings of painting will help you to understand the importance of particular issues that have given rise to entirely new way of thinking
231 kb

USING REAL-TIME PCR HYBRIDIZATION PROBES, ON THE EXAMPLE, OF A MARKER OF THE TMV RESISTANCE GENE IN A TOMATO CULTURE

abstract 1582004012 issue 158 pp. 168 – 180 30.04.2020 ru 80
The article discusses the method of selection using markers in the selection of parent pairs for hybridization, in the selection process and in the subsequent evaluation of parent lines, used in linear and backcross selection of tomatoes. The work was performed on tomato hybrids that combine resistance genes to tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) or tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in their genome. The research used seeds of foreign F1 tomato hybrids recommended by the manufacturer as resistant to the tobacco mosaic virus. Most of the tomato hybrids were Dutch selection, such leading firms as De Ruiter Seeds, Enza Zaden, Rijk Zwaan. The aim of the work was to test a system of hybridization probes designed to identify a gene for resistance to the tobacco mosaic virus. The study of the genotype of tomato plants was carried out in the laboratory of molecular diagnostics of plants , equipped with modern devices for PCR analysis on the basis of NIIOZG (Krymsk). Plant material was collected in different phases of plant vegetation. pre-numbered 1.5 ml test tubes (SSI-1200-00), plastic tablets, tweezers, and distilled water were used to collect plant samples. The collected samples were stored in a refrigerator until the plant DNA was isolated. During the study, collectible tomato samples were studied, including 8 F1 hybrids and 2 lines used as controls. According to the results of genetic analysis using the marker of the TMV resistance gene, it was found that all hybrids and one control line # 175/14 have a resistance gene in their genotype, and the analysis also showed the state of the gene – homozygous or heterozygous. The results of artificial infection confirmed the results obtained by PCR analysis. At the same time, using genetic research, it is possible to determine the exact state of the gene in the plant, which cannot be determined by methods of artificial infection, since no visual differences were found between plants with a heterozygous and homozygous state of the gene. The created marker and PCR analysis method can be recommended for wide application in the selection process of tomato culture. As a result of research, it was found that modern tomato hybrids have a gene for resistance to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) in their genotype. This was determined by genetic analysis and confirmed by a test using artificial infection
287 kb

VISUAL PHENOTYPING IN PLANT BREEDING

abstract 1281704071 issue 128 pp. 1038 – 1050 28.04.2017 ru 262
The article is devoted to visual analysis and its application in the selection process. New possibilities of application of visual display of information in the research process are considered. We have presented the examples of the use of visual phenotyping in breeding, evaluated the advantages and disadvantages in this area. In particular, the algorithm of the program of LHDetect for estimating leaf pubescence of wheat wafers is described, based on the analysis of digital images of the sheet bend. We have also considered Phenotiki platform that uses digital images of the profile of plants for visual phenotyping to assess plant growth. Based on the analysis of various studies it was noted that the application of visual analysis for some purposes is very effective, but for others, on the contrary, not effective. We highlight the actual problems of proper representation and converting information. The article shows the various causes of loss and distortion of data, as well as possible solutions to these problems. The work describes the application of ASK-analysis in the selection process. As an example, it describes the evaluation of the polymorphism of variety groups of grapes. We have presented interesting solutions and ways to minimize distortion and loss of information in the process of its transformation found by the authors of these works. The article reveals the concept of "computational biology" and describes fundamental differences from other areas as well as tasks, problems, possible research areas and promising directions of development of computer biology
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