Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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670 kb

AGRO BOTANICAL ILLUSTRATION IN HAND FAN PAINTING AS A RESOURCE OF INFORMATION ON BREEDING AND PLANT INTRODUCTION

abstract 1051501025 issue 105 pp. 435 – 449 30.01.2015 ru 1244
The article discusses agro-botanical illustration of hand fans painting as an independent resource of visual information on the history of culture of introduction, distribution, species diversity and plant breeding. We have reviewed the history of the fan and the causes of widespread of fans and the respective painting plants. The article shows the different trends in the filing of a visual image in the fan art: from accurate, detailed drawing of the image, until smooth, blurred contours, made in the "boneless" or "acyclic" technique. On the example of pumpkins, lagenaria, soybeans, corn, flowers, namely asters and peonies we have shown various aspects of breeding and agronomic work for several centuries. The article uses the method of visual analysis as a tool for collection and analysis of data on breeding and introduction of a number of crops on the example of specific crops, particularly soybeans. The analysis includes a description of morphotypes, area of origin, distribution, physiology, individual characteristics, and insects found in the ecological niche. It is noted that visual analysis can be successfully applied in the study of varietal diversity of a number of flower crops: asters, peonies, chrysanthemums, and some fruits and vegetables
637 kb

AGRO-BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF LAGENARIA (Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.) IN IMAGES AND SYMBOLS

abstract 0911307048 issue 91 pp. 698 – 709 30.09.2013 ru 1525
The article considers the agro-botanical characteristics of pumpkin annual plants – lagenaria ( Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.) have been consider in article. The task of the analytical study went in search of communication between anatomic-morphological characteristics of plant and use this in the images, the iconography of the cultural traditions of different nation
516 kb

AGRO-BOTANICAL ICONOGRAPHY TURBANOFORMIS FRUIT FORMS SPICIES OF CUCIRBITACEAE

abstract 0891305064 issue 89 pp. 947 – 960 29.05.2013 ru 1861
Plants images in painting, mosaics, scientific illustration, herbals and books or agro-botanical iconography is a valuable resource of the information about the history of the spread of various phenotypes, such as turbanoformis form of pumpkin in the past century in different regions of the world
1201 kb

AGRO-BOTANICAL ILLUSTRATION: HISTORY AND CURRENT STATUS

abstract 0921308062 issue 92 pp. 943 – 956 31.10.2013 ru 1604
The definition of agro-botanical illustration has been considered in this article, showing its capacity as a resource for analysis in biological research and its importance in the development of agronomy
536 kb

AGROBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME DON VARIETIES IN CONDITIONS OF THE ANAPA-TAMAN ZONE IN THE VITICULTURE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1101506101 issue 110 pp. 1532 – 1545 30.06.2015 ru 1552
The article presents a study on agro-biological and technological indicators of Don indigenous wine grapes in the conditions of the Anapa-Taman area of the viticulture of the Krasnodar region. It was found that the introduced varieties are consistent with the conditions of the area and can be recommended for growing in production plantations in southern Russia. On ripening, the varieties are as follows: the early ripening varieties are Sibirkovy; a group of middle-ripening - Aligote, Plechistik, Varyushkin; to the medium-late - Bessergenevsky 10 and Krasnostop Anapsky. Highest yield was proved to for such grape varieties as Bessergenevsky 10 (150 kg / ha) and Varyushkin (140 kg / ha). Test grapes of Aligoté and Krasnostop Anapsky showed an average yield of 120 and 130 kg / ha, respectively, red and Sibirkovy Plechistik - 140 and 135 kg / ha. Comparing the current literature with the results, we noted the following notable differences: all the studied indigenous wine grapes in the conditions of the Anapa-Taman area of the Krasnodar region matured earlier, had higher productivity indexes and gave higher yields, than in the conditions of their homeland Rostov region
532 kb

AGROBOTANICAL ILLUSTRATION OF TURBAN FORMS OF CUCUMBER, AS A SOURCE OF INFORMATION OF DISTRIBUTION, EVOLUTION AND USE OF THIS CULTURE

abstract 1011407036 issue 101 pp. 620 – 632 30.09.2014 ru 1335
The article considers turban cucumber forms, we have also described the origin of this characteristic, briefly overviewed turban forms in species of the family of Cucurbitaceae. We have given the agro-botanical iconography of this trait in pumpkin cultures for cucumis. In Europe, China and America turbanoformis cucumber forms are used as a vegetable, there are some varieties. It is shown that turbanoformis forms are found in the fruit of the cucumber with hermaphrodite flower, polunina ovaries, short or shareplace the melon, and also in forms with the ongoing evolutionary process
154 kb

AGRONOMIC BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BULLS OF KAZAKH WHITE HEAD AND KALMYK BREED AND THEIR CROSSES IN THE LOWER VOLGA REGION

abstract 0701106005 issue 70 pp. 48 – 62 30.06.2011 ru 1857
There are comparative characteristics of agronomic biological qualities of bulls of Kazakh white and Kalmyk breed and their crosses
317 kb

ALIEN POLYCHAETE SPECIES IN THE BOTTOM COMMUNITIES OF THE AZOV SEA IN THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY

abstract 1171603089 issue 117 pp. 1357 – 1369 31.03.2016 ru 733
The article presents monitoring of the course and the beginning of new invasions due to the intensification of these processes in the basin of the Azov Sea of; investigation of the influence of the alien species upon the acceptor ecosystem. Methods. The material was collected at the monitoring transect in the Don River delta and in the surveys of the r/v “Professor Panov” in the Taganrog Bay, Sea of Azov. Standard hydrobiological methods of the data collection were used. Results. Penetration of three polychaete species was recorded; course of invasion of two of them was traced. Impact upon the acceptor ecosystem was researched. Preliminary species identifications using morphological characters were carried out; sources and the ways of the invasions are suggested. Conclusions. Estuary zone of the Sea of Azov (the Taganrog Bay) has a high invasion capacity. Of the three species penetrated into the Sea of Azov basin in 2013-2015, one (Aracia sp.) naturalized successfully, though didn’t affect much the ecosystem. On the contrary, polychaetes of the genus Marenzelleria are increasing rapidly their area; in two years, they became dominant along the considerable part of the water body. The invasion of Streblospio sp. is at its very beginning at the time
220 kb

ALLELIC VARIANTS AND EXPRESSION CANDIDATE GENES FOR ABDOMINAL FATMASS IN CHICKENS

abstract 1101506086 issue 110 pp. 1296 – 1313 30.06.2015 ru 1341
The expression of nine candidate genes for QTL abdominal fat weight and relative abdominal fat content was investigated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the liver, adipose tissue, colon, muscle, pituitary gland and brain of broilers. The high mobility group AT hook1 (HMG1A) gene was up-regulated in liver with aratio of means of 2,90 (P≤0,01) in the «fatty» group (relative abdominal fat content 3,5±0.18%, abdominal fat weight 35,4±6,09 g) relative to the «lean» group (relative abdominal fat content 1,9±0,56%, abdominal fat weight 19,2±5,06 g). Expression of this gene was highly correlated with the relative abdominal fat content (0,70, P≤0,01) and abdominal fat weight (0,70, P≤0,01). The peroxisomeproliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) gene was also up-regulated in the liver with a ratio of means of 3,34(P≤0,01) in the «fatty» group relative to the «lean» group. Correlation of its expression was significant with both the relative abdominal fat content (0,55, P≤0,05) and the abdominal fat weight (0,57, P≤0,01). These data obtained and the data of references will allow the statement that the HMG1A, PPARG and FABP2 genes were candidate genes for abdominal fat deposition in chickens. Searching of rSNPs in regulatory regions of thesegenes could provide a tool for gene-assisted selection
656 kb

AMINO ACID METABOLISM IN COWS DURING THE TRANSITION PERIOD IN BALANCING DIET ON THE EXCHANGE PROTEIN AND DIGESTIBLE AMINO ACIDS

abstract 0961402019 issue 96 pp. 238 – 269 28.02.2014 ru 1199
Application of a factorial method for determining the needs in metabolic protein and essential amino acids, helps to deepen knowledge on physiology of protein and amino acid supply and allow to improve the standards for dairy cows during the transition period; in insufficient of metabolic protein and essential amino acids increased coefficients of their transformation into net protein and absorptive amino acids as a result of mobilization of body of cows; with an optimal protein nutrition their transformation in net milk protein, lysine and methionine accordingly amounted to 0.67, 0,83 and 0,82. The most significant changes in the concentration of methionine, proline, glutamate, glutamine, glycine were observed in cows before calving and immediately after birth, stabilization of their level starts with a 24 lactation day, that is connected with the peculiarities of the feeding behavior of the cows and the gradual intensification of the processes of metabolism and milk production. To control the status of protein metabolism we have offered benchmarks compositions of free amino acids in cows’ blood plasma phases: 21-0 days before calving, 0-21 and 22-120 days after calving
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