Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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281 kb

VARIABILITY OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS OF ALLIUM PROSTRATUM TREVIR. AND ALLIUM RAMOSUM L. IN THE NATURE AND CULTURE

abstract 1191605045 issue 119 pp. 627 – 641 31.05.2016 ru 520
The article presents the results of the studies on the variability of morphological traits of the cenopopulations of Allium prostratum, Allium ramosum on the natural territory of the Yakutsk Botanical Garden and in cultura. We have performed researches of biometric parameters, which revealed the structural features of the plant and the nature of the variability of their parts. The article also gives an estimation of coenopopulations vitality
299 kb

VARIABILITY OF THE RADIAL GROWTH OF THE OAK DURMAST IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE MOUNTAIN RELIEF ON THE WESTERN CAUCASUS

abstract 0711107033 issue 71 pp. 431 – 442 30.09.2011 ru 1749
Dynamics of a radial gain of an Oak durmast and english oak in the conditions of a mountain relief on the Western Сaucasus are studied
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VARIETY OF LEGUMES IN NATURAL COMMUNITIES OF THE YAKUT BOTANICAL GARDEN

abstract 1111507064 issue 111 pp. 1041 – 1052 30.09.2015 ru 1267
The article provides the information about the species diversity of the family Fabaceae in the natural area of the Yakut botanical garden. It also provides the information about the method and the study area, a description of the ambient phytocenotic, taxonomic analysis, areal analysis, bio-morphological analysis (the variety of life forms) given by K. Raunkier, rhythm analysis, environmental analysis (by A.P. Schennikov), analysis of phytocoenotic. We have also provided a summary of the endemics of Central Yakutia - Thermopsis lanceolata R. Br. subsp. jacutica (Czefr.)
147 kb

VARIETY OF MICROORGANISMS GROUPS LIVING ON BERRIES OF GRAPES

abstract 1111507103 issue 111 pp. 1583 – 1592 30.09.2015 ru 1017
The wide variety of microorganisms has been identified in many wine-making countries on the berries of grapes. These are yeasts of different families, forms and kinds, bacterium, mold fungi. In the article, we present the results of investigating species composition of microflora of berries of white and red types of grape, which grows in different economies of the Krasnodar region and the republic of Abkhaziya. The sowings onto the elective media were conducted for the development of entire spectrum of yeast. The grown colonies after preliminary microscoping were separated into the cultures and subjected to testing according to the culturalmorphological signs, being guided by determinants and benefits. It was established the specific variety of microflora on the surface of the berries of grapes of all investigated types, without dependence on the place of their growth. Obtained data showed that the group of yeast, which constantly is present in the complex of the epiphytic microorganisms of grapes of Saccharomyces, Pichia, Hansenula, Hanseniaspora was characteristic for all types of grapes in all investigated regions. The heterogeneity of the taxonometric composition of microflora is shown. Prevailed yeasts were of family Saccharomycetaceae, form Saccharomyces vini. A quantity of yeast of Saccharomyces vini decreases in a number of Myskhako-Caucasus-Fanagoriya, that as a whole will be coordinated with the climatic conditions. Only the type of Pinot nuar grapes had yeasts of Brettanomyces Dekkera. On the berries of Cabernets and Karaburnu we have discovered yeasts of Schisosaccharomyces acidodevoratus, causing acid-reduction. On the berries of the grapes, which grew in joint stock company APF “Fanagoriya” we haven’t revealed the presence of lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus brevis and yeasts of the form of Schisosaccharomyces acidodevoratus. In the same farm the smallest quantity of yeastswreckers is noted, which we the forms of Pichia and Candida. In the microflora of Cabernets, Risling and, especially, Karaburnu grapes, we have found lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus brevis. Lactobacillus plantarum. Among the bacteria the total quantity of coccic flora composes - 56 %, the rod-shaped - 44 %. Two types of active acetous bacteria are identified – Acetobacter aceti and Acetobacter xelinum. Especially high was their surface concentration on the berries of Kachich type of grapes
168 kb

VARIETY OF PLANT COMMUNITIES ON THE GROUNDS OF MOUNTAIN DAGESTAN (ON THE EXAMPLE OF DIDO- DEPRESSION )

abstract 1261702061 issue 126 pp. 867 – 879 28.02.2017 ru 533
In the article we present the results of comparative researches of herbaceous covering of plant communities in the alpine zone of the Republic of Dagestan on the example of Dido- depression. The plant covering of the investigated region differs in extraordinary variety. The general regularity of plant distribution is vertical zones. There were made 6 ground profiles at different elevations from 1450m to the alpine zone at 2500m above sea level. Variety of phytocenoses is connected as with changes of ground conditions, so with environmental conditions. We have researched and identified the types of grounds with laying of grounds profiles on the vertical zonality. There we studied the specific composition of herbaceous plants on the examined ground and given names to plant communities. The studying phytocenosis are analyzed by productivity of functional groups. We have shown the share of each species and their abundance. Of all plant communities, the mass of herb differ dominates. The composition of plant communities is analyzed, depending on high-altitude grades and degree of anthropogenic load influence
1441 kb

VASILY NOSULCHAK - THE NEWEST COMPLEX-RESISTANT TABLE SEEDLESS WHITE GRAPE VARIETY

abstract 1311707103 issue 131 pp. 1248 – 1270 29.09.2017 ru 472
Vasily Nosulchak, the newest complex-resistant tableless seedless grape variety, was bred in Greece by Pantelei Zamanidi and Leonid Troshin in 2013 by crossing the Talisman variety with the Yanaky variety. The created variety is a complex inter-species Euro-American-Amur hybrid. The duration of the production period is 146-155 days. The growth of shoots is strong. The degree of grapevine maturing high. Yield is very high. Percentage of fruit-bearing shoots 90. Average weight of bunches 900 g. It is stainable for high winter hardiness, drought resistance and increased resistance to fungal diseases, tolerant to phylloxera. The top of the young shoot is green without pubescence. Young shoots are green, without pubescence. The flower is hermaphroditic. The cluster is large, conical, branching, winged, of medium density. The berry is medium-sized, short elliptical, green-yellow. Peel is thin, strong. The pulp is juicy, with a varietal flavor. The sugar content is high. Rudiments of seeds are soft. The variety is intended for fresh consumption and kishmish production. The table high-yielding seedless variety Vasiliy Nosulchak in terms of winter hardiness, resistance to diseases and pests significantly exceeds all Eurasian varieties of table and kishmish designation. Can be used as a table grapevine for fresh consumption on site and for export, as well as for the production of high-quality dried products. As a winter-hardy variety, it is very promising for cultivation in covered viticulture zones, where table varieties require shelter for the winter. It is of great interest for selection work in breeding frost-resistant, diseases and pests of seedless varieties. To determine the influence of different ecological conditions on the growth, development, quantity and quality of the crop, the variety must be tested on all continents in different ecological and geographical areas of cultivation - in the grapes producing countries of America, Eurasia, Australia, Africa
951 kb

VIRULENCE AND DNA-POLYMORPHISM OF PUCCINIA TRITICINA ISOLATES FROM NORTH CAUCASUS AND LENINGRAD REGION

abstract 0621008015 issue 62 pp. 169 – 181 28.10.2010 ru 2171
Puccinia triticina isolates from North Caucasus and Leningrad region were compared in regard to the genetic structure, phenotypic composition as well as frequency of occurrence of RAPD-phenotypes and polymorphous major fragments with the help of Rogers index. Did not demonstrate any significant differences according to their genetic structure and occurrence of major fragments of DNA-polymorphism. The difference of isolates from given regions was determined with high degree of confidence according to the phenotypes of virulence and RAPD-phenotypes
287 kb

VISUAL PHENOTYPING IN PLANT BREEDING

abstract 1281704071 issue 128 pp. 1038 – 1050 28.04.2017 ru 457
The article is devoted to visual analysis and its application in the selection process. New possibilities of application of visual display of information in the research process are considered. We have presented the examples of the use of visual phenotyping in breeding, evaluated the advantages and disadvantages in this area. In particular, the algorithm of the program of LHDetect for estimating leaf pubescence of wheat wafers is described, based on the analysis of digital images of the sheet bend. We have also considered Phenotiki platform that uses digital images of the profile of plants for visual phenotyping to assess plant growth. Based on the analysis of various studies it was noted that the application of visual analysis for some purposes is very effective, but for others, on the contrary, not effective. We highlight the actual problems of proper representation and converting information. The article shows the various causes of loss and distortion of data, as well as possible solutions to these problems. The work describes the application of ASK-analysis in the selection process. As an example, it describes the evaluation of the polymorphism of variety groups of grapes. We have presented interesting solutions and ways to minimize distortion and loss of information in the process of its transformation found by the authors of these works. The article reveals the concept of "computational biology" and describes fundamental differences from other areas as well as tasks, problems, possible research areas and promising directions of development of computer biology
135 kb

VITAL STRUCTURE OF OAK GROVES OF THE WESTERN CAUCASUS

abstract 0681104023 issue 68 pp. 265 – 272 28.04.2011 ru 1802
Oak Durmast and English Oak researches on a sanitary-pathological condition of oak stands are conducted in different growing conditions direction of slopes, forest stand height on a slope (top, average, bottom) and cutslope ratio (5 – 15º and 25 – 35º)
390 kb

VITALITY AND AGE STRUCTURE OF CОENOPOPULATIONS OF (BECKMANNIA SYZIGACHNE (STEUD.) FERN) AND (CALAMAGROSTIS LANGSDORFII (LINK) TRIN) UNDER CONDITION OF THE LENAVILUY INTERFLUVE

abstract 1301706013 issue 130 pp. 204 – 216 30.06.2017 ru 986
The article presents the data on vitality and age structure of Beckmannia syzigachne and Calamagrostis langsdorffii соеnopopulations under conditions of the Lena-Viluy interfluve. The study revealed 3 types of vitality of Beckmannia syzigachne (prosperous, equilibrium, and depressive), 2 types of vitality of Calamagrostis langsdorffii (prosperous and depressive). The age spectrum in both species is normal, non-complete, left-sided. According to the delta-omega classification, the coenopopulations are considered to be young
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