Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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308 kb

A DEVELOPMENT TRAP FOR CORPORATE CAPITAL

abstract 1321708089 issue 132 pp. 1122 – 1131 31.10.2017 ru 354
The article considers specific obstacles (traps) which can occur during the embedding of the corporate capital in a changeable economic system of Russia. The author reveals the causes and consequences of emergence traps in the development of corporate capital, among which are: the rapid transformation of the financial component of economic relations and prolonged elevation of power over the property, the unpredictability and variability of economic policy, institutional deformation, resulting in scarcity of necessary resources for the development of corporate capital and embedding it in the flow of change, lack of trust entities to the policies of the state, «manual economy». The aim of the study is an in-depth search of potential possibilities of corporate capital and the ways out of the formed on the system of socioeconomic transformations of the pitfalls of development. In the process of research, the author used the cognitive capabilities of the system approach, institutional theory, and the conceptual provisions of politico-economic and evolutionary theories. The study was conducted with the help of dialectical, empirical, historical, logical, structural methods
546 kb

THE KRASNODAR REGION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION DEVELOPMENT PROBLEMS AND TRENDS

abstract 1321708090 issue 132 pp. 1132 – 1154 31.10.2017 ru 1200
Statistical analysis of the dynamics and structure of agricultural production in the Krasnodar Region is carried out: social and economic indicators, the place of agricultural production in the gross product of the region, the dynamics of quantity of agricultural organizations, the growth rates of volumes of physical production, and the efficiency of agricultural production are examined. The agricultural production of the region is analyzed in the context of individual industries and a comparison of regional indicators with data for the Southern Federal District and the whole country is made. The structure of sown areas and yield of agricultural crops, as well as the dynamics of gross harvesting of their main types are considered. The main vectors for the development of livestock and crop production have been identified. The main problems and trends in the development of crop and livestock sectors in the region are identified. The author of the article, based on the analysis of the economic potential of the region, in particular the agro-industrial complex of the region as the country's largest producer and supplier of agricultural products and raw materials, justifies the role of the agricultural production of the region and its ability to meet the needs of the population under conditions of import substitution in the Krasnodar Region and the whole country. The article has research nature, expressing the fact that it offers priority directions for increasing the efficiency of agricultural production in the region
144 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF THE METHOD OF EVALUATING THE FINANCIAL STABILITY OF BAKERY ORGANIZATIONS

abstract 1321708095 issue 132 pp. 1188 – 1198 31.10.2017 ru 272
The article considers theoretical aspects of financial stability of the organization, presents the author's view on the definition of financial stability of the organization in modern conditions. The general description of the food and processing industry of Russia is given. The leading regions for the production of bread and bakery products are identified. Based on the existing methods of assessing financial sustainability, the indicators of three organizations of the Krasnodar Region baking bread and bakery products were calculated. As a result, it was recommended that the organizations of this industry count one of the important indicators of the financial stability of the organization - the availability of its own working capital as a difference between equity and non-current assets. In the economic literature, you can find several options for calculating this indicator. Also considered is the ratio of accounts receivable and payable as one of the indicators of financial stability of the organization. The main means of baking organizations and their wear and tear are estimated. Because of this assessment, there was a significant deterioration in fixed assets and recommendations were made for their renewal. Specific features of the composition of stocks of organizations of the bakery industry were determined, and recommendations were made on the policy of stock management
184 kb

TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE GREAT OCTOBER REVOLUTION: THIS ETERNAL LAND QUESTION ...

abstract 1321708096 issue 132 pp. 1199 – 1216 31.10.2017 ru 292
The relevance of the causes, results and consequences study of the October Revolution in Russia is shown. The problems of modern land relations are formulated. It is concluded that one of the main reasons for the October Revolution was the unresolved land issue, which remains unresolved during the modern economic reform. The centennial anniversary of the Great Russian Revolution is an occasion to comprehend the whole complexity of land relations, to see the solution of modern land problems in the historical retrospect. The goals and objectives are formulated, the prerequisites, main provisions and results of the Russian reforms of 1861, including the Stolypin reform, are considered, the historical stages in the formation of the land property institute in Russia are shown. The organizational and economic mechanism for implementing the basic land reforms is analyzed. The mechanism included the elaboration of the main redemption operation plan provisions, the resettlement policy in newly developed areas, the activities of the Peasant Land Bank, land management. The main socio-economic results of the reforms are given. It is concluded that the Russian reforms were carried out by decision "from above," they were not completely consistent, the issue of the land ownership was not finally resolved. The reasons for the Russian peasantry active participation in the Great October Revolution are formulated: the centuries-old peasants lack of rights and oppression, their personal and economic dependence on the landlord, serfdom, lack of property, heavy redemption of the 1861 reform obligations and delay of the Stolypin reform; and on the other hand - promised will and land by the Bolsheviks. The views on the revolution results belonging to well-known economists, historians, writers are given. To create a great Russia, the expediency of country's socio-economic development in the only evolutionary way is justified, based on a clearly developed strategy
111 kb

ASC-ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF QUALITY OF LIFE IN THE REGION

abstract 1321708116 issue 132 pp. 1419 – 1424 31.10.2017 ru 322
The quality of life of the population of the region is an important integral criterion of estimation of efficiency of activity of regional administration. Quality of life is mostly influenced by environmental factors. This article proposes to solve the problem of research of the influence of environmental factors on various aspects of quality of life by using ASC-analysis
241 kb

PERFORMANCE MODELS FOR SMALL PROCESSING COMPANIES OF AGRARIAN AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX (part 2)

abstract 1321708120 issue 132 pp. 1443 – 1464 31.10.2017 ru 395
The article proposes a solution to one of the problems of small business, which is creation of a part of the software of management of information system efficiency for small processing enterprises of AIC. The fact is, that currently, there are almost no information systems to support small business. All known information systems have approximately the same list of automated functions, covering the accounting phase, and sometimes phase of analysis. Practically, not affected by the evaluation function of the economic situation, prediction, planning and regulation. The proposed mathematical model has been developed on the basis of the creation of streaming schemes of one-product processing enterprises of agroindustrial complex and mathematical description of the proceeding financial and material flows
185 kb

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TWO-LEVEL TECHNIQUE FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE MISSED BENEFIT DURING THE LANDING AND CULTIVATION OF PERENNIAL PLANTS

abstract 1321708128 issue 132 pp. 1478 – 1491 31.10.2017 ru 321
The article describes the process of developing the two-level technique for assessment of the missed benefit during the landing and cultivation of perennial plantings. The technique is developed for the enterprises where the cycle of production of raw materials breaks into several periods until the first harvest. The choice problem of the most suitable grades for the landing is relevant for such enterprises. The first level of the two-level technique assumes assessment of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of grades with use of such tools as the theory of fuzzy sets and the decisions tree. The results of the first level are entrance data for the second level where there is final assessment of a grade and determination of the missed benefit rather potentially possible at the choice of the recommended grade. In the article also designated the importance of the raw materials stage for the technological chain. It is shown that, being consecutive structure, the technological chain strongly depends on the first stage – a stage of raw materials production. Minimization of the risk situations at the first stage promotes strengthening of the general risk tolerance of a technological chain
154 kb

MARKETING AND ADVERTISING METHODS OF INFLUENCE ON BUYERS

abstract 1311707008 issue 131 pp. 69 – 78 29.09.2017 ru 506
The article discusses the various methods of influence used in advertising. We have discussed in detail the mechanisms for the awakening of a desire for purchase. We have analyzed marketing techniques used in the design of supermarkets
416 kb

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE RUSSIAN OILBANK PREMIER AS ONE OF WAYS TO INCREASE ENERGY SECURITY IN RUSSIA

abstract 1311707009 issue 131 pp. 79 – 99 29.09.2017 ru 541
The article deals with the energy security of Russia in conditions of sanctions and the globalization of the modern economy in the world community. It is substantiated that energy security is the main factor of political and socio-economic stability of each state. Russia is not an exception. For many years it has been the world's largest net exporter of oil and gas, mainly due to the weakness of the economic system, the main problems of the oil refining industry are considered, given The definition of energy security, the energy security of Russia is analyzed in the conditions of the crisis. An estimation of the export of domestic goods is given, the reserves of the regions are considered according to the level of extraction of oil resources, the rating of the largest oil companies is determined by the level of average daily oil production. It is concluded that for a successful export, the redistribution of significant oil reserves between regions within the country will require a relatively long period, not one or two years. It was revealed that the level of domestic production is not fully capable of providing consumers with the necessary products For which Russia implements the policy of modernization and reconstruction of the fuel and energy complex. Russia has been one of the leading oil exporters for many years, the main indicators of the oil sector have been examined, the definition of economic security and energy security has been defined. The energy security of Russia is analyzed in the conditions of the crisis, as well as the globalization of the world economy. A brief description of the energy security policy of the Russian Federation is given. An assessment is given of both the world oil sector and the Russian oil sector, based on this assessment, a conclusion has been drawn about the deteriorating conjecture of the oil industry. A correlation-regression analysis of the effect of oil prices on the quotes of the Russian ruble was conducted, and on the basis of the findings it was concluded that the Russian economy is in a sufficiently strong dependence on oil prices. The possible variant of reducing such dependence through the increase in the role of SPIMEX in the international arena and the creation of an oil benchmark in the Russian Federation is considered and described
172 kb

MORTGAGE CREDITING IN RUSSIA

abstract 1311707011 issue 131 pp. 114 – 128 29.09.2017 ru 1442
The article examines the main trends and prospects of the Russian mortgage lending system development. It examines the current state of the mortgage market in the current socio-economic conditions in the Russian Federation. It presents an overview of the key market indicators of the past few years. At the moment, interest rates have decreased, compared to the previous year, therefore the banks’ lowest interest rates have been analysed. The article contains a review of the mortgage programs with the most favourable terms. The 2015 and 2016 results of the housing markets, housing construction and mortgage lending in the Russian Federation have been analysed. Having considered the dynamics of the debt on the mortgage loans that had been granted to resident individuals, it was brought out that the debt on mortgage loans in the period of the years 2013-2017 has been growing with each year. The article examines the conditions of getting a mortgage in 2017. Currently, the development of the mortgage loan system is constrained by several factors, in relation to which the article offers recommendations on the possible ways to improve it
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